Session 6

Pictorial Sketching
Benefits & limitations

PICTORIAL SKETCHING
A pictorial sketch represents a 3D object on a 2D sheet of
paper
by orienting the object so you can see its width, height, and depth
in a single view.

Pictorial sketches are used frequently during the ideation phase of
engineering design to quickly record ideas and communicate them
to others.
Their similarity to how the object is viewed in the world around us
makes them useful for communicating engineering designs to nonengineers.
Pictorial drawings are used to show how parts fit together in an
assembly and in part catalogs and manuals to make it easy to
identify the objects.

Perspective
A perspective sketch presents the most realistic looking view.
It shows the object much as it would appear in a photographportions of the object that are further from the viewer appear smaller,
and lines recede into the distance.

Isometric
An isometric sketch is drawn so that lines do not recede into the
distance, but remain parallel.
This makes isometric views easy to sketch but takes away somewhat
from the realistic appearance.

Oblique
An oblique sketch shows the front surface of the object looking straight
on and is easy to create
but it presents the least realistic representation, as the depth of the
object appears to be out of proportion.

Circle & Arc in Isometric
In isometric drawing, a circle appears as an ellipse.
Sketching Steps
1. Locate the center of an ellipse.
2. Construct an isometric square.
3. Sketch arcs that connect the
tangent points.

Activity 1

s
s

s

Activity 2

Activity 2

Exercise 1
Explain the benefits and limitations of using these three pictorial
techniques to represent this engineering component.
- Present your answer as a report (mention the resources that you will
use for example: internet, books …)