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ANSI/AMCA

Standard 540-13
Test Method for Louvers
Impacted by Wind Borne Debris

An American National Standard
Approved by ANSI on June 14, 2013

AIR MOVEMENT AND CONTROL

ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL, INC.
The International Authority on Air System Components

ANSI/AMCA Standard 540-13

Test Method for Louvers
Impacted by Wind Borne Debris

Air Movement and Control Association International
30 W. University Drive
Arlington Heights, Illinois
60004

will consider and decide all written complaints regarding its standards. For information on procedures for submitting and handling complaints.S. IL 60004-1893 U.AMCA Publications Authority AMCA Standard 540-13 was approved by the membership of the Air Movement and Control Association International. on May 15. write to: Air Movement and Control Association International 30 West University Drive Arlington Heights. Copyright © 2013 by Air Movement and Control Association International. . designed.A. It was approved by ANSI as an American National Standard on June 14. Inc. components or systems tested. Reproduction or translation of any part of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Inc. IL 60004-1893 U.S. 2013. European Air Movement and Control Association Nutkin Cottage Barracks Road. at 30 West University Drive. certification programs. installed or operated in accordance with AMCA standards or that any tests conducted under its standards will be non-hazardous or free from risk.A. Objections Air Movement and Control Association International. certify or assure the safety or performance of any products. Arlington Heights. Requests for permission or further information should be addressed to the Executive Director. Inc. Assington Suffolk CO10 5LP UK Asia AMCA 27 Senoko Way (Level 2) Singapore 758060 Disclaimer AMCA uses its best efforts to produce standards for the benefit of the industry and the public in light of available information and accepted industry practices. All rights reserved. However. or interpretations thereof. Inc. 2013. AMCA does not guarantee. Air Movement and Control Association International.

Review Committee Dan Rau Committee Chair Ruskin Company Mike Astourian Metal Industries Bill Bailey Nailor Industries Inc. Inc. Jacob Carr Architectural Louvers Randal Geedey The Airolite Company. . LLC Kenneth Moyer Arrow United Mike Steele Greenheck Fan Corporation Mike Traver Arrow United Bill Vincent Construction Specialties.

Product Rating Manual for Air Control Devices AMCA Publication 512 AMCA Listing Label Program ANSI/AMCA Standard 550 Test Method for High Velocity Wind Driven Rain Resistant Louvers .Related AMCA Documents Related Publications ANSI/AMCA Standard 500-L Laboratory Methods of Testing Louvers for Rating AMCA Publication 501 Application Manual for Louvers AMCA Publication 511 Certified Ratings Program .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Missile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Missiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Test Specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Test Methods . . 14 Annex C Bibliography . . . . . Optional Cycling for High-Velocity Hurricane Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7. . . Report . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5. . 3 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Locations of impact . . . . 2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pass/Fail Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Size of specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Number of specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Annex A Test Specimen Reference Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3. .1 Specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Annex B Follow-up Service (Informative) . . . . . . . .

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Louvers manufactured with blade spans greater than that of the test specimen shall have blade supports at a spacing that matches the tested specimen blade length. other health care facilities having emergency treatment facilities. of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns.2 Basic protection Any building or structure that is not an Essential Facility as described in Section 3. designated emergency shelters.2 One additional specimen may be submitted for testing should any original submitted specimen described in Section 4. 3. and buildings and other structures having critical national defense functions. Scope The scope of this standard is for impact testing of louvers used on the outside of buildings as required by the ICC International Building Code [3] and the ICC International Residential Code [4]. Failures in this area result in loose material that can result in projectiles in high wind events. the manufacturer may wish to test an additional specimen with a width narrower than desirable support spacing to establish a smaller minimum section width. including.Test Method for Louvers Impacted by Wind Borne Debris 1.1. communication centers and other facilities required for emergency response. jails and detention facilities. power generating stations. Test Specimens 4.1 fail any portion of the AMCA Standard 540 testing. 3. and any one specimen fails any portion of the subsequent test(s). 3.1. The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test method portion. Section 5. Definitions 3. This is described in Section 9.2.1. 4. 3. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of the regulatory limitations prior to use. Purpose The purpose of this standard is to establish uniform methods for laboratory testing of louvers that are impact tested with the large missile described in ASTM E 1996-04 [1] and E 1886-05 [2]. then one additional specimen may be submitted to re-test to the subsequent tests as long as the additional specimen first passes the AMCA Standard 540 tests. a 2-section wide louver assembly is two panels wide. fire.2 Size of specimens The test specimen selected is intended to evaluate the critical failure area of the louver and provide guidance for blade support requirements. The most stringent test specimen for this connection is a section where the blade has no additional support between these end connections.1 Number of specimens 4. a minimum of three sections shall be impacted. This test specimen also provides guidance regarding the maximum unsupported blade length that will not allow the projectile to pass through the louver blades. The critical failure area for louvers is the connection between the louver blade end and the perimeter louver frame.4 Specimen A louver assembly for testing consisting of one or more louver sections.1 Enhanced protection (Essential Facilities) Buildings and other structures designated as essential facilities. Energy from the impact is transferred to the connection with little absorption by blade flexure. but not limited to. hospitals. other public utility facilities required in an emergency. 2. These supports are typically located behind the blade running perpendicular to the axis of the blade and are attached to the perimeter frame of the louver or to the surrounding building structure. associated with its use. ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 1 .5 Louver Section A single louver panel. This requirement may be satisfied by testing one single-section and one multi-section unit or by testing three identical single-section units. if any. and then some or all of the same specimens are then subjected to Cyclic testing as described in Section 8. If all specimens pass the AMCA Standard 540. rescue and police stations. 4. 4. Panels can (but are not required to) be connected to each other to make up larger assemblies for testing purposes. For example. and emergency vehicle garages.1 Per ASTM E 1996-04 and ASTM E 1886-05. Due to the fact that the test specimen is used to qualify support locations in this way. 3.3 Horizontal/vertical-bladed louver Louvers shall be designated horizontal or vertical-bladed based on the orientation of the blades on the front or exterior side of the louver.

and with taking exception to ASTM E1886-05 Section 8.1 regarding specimen mounting anchors to the test frame. The test specimen shall also contain a minimum of five blades.2. Each connection joint design needs to be tested. 4. The test sample shall also contain a minimum of five blades.1.2.2.2. The height of the louver specimen shall be equal to the maximum height the manufacturer desires to be certified as impact resistant.).2. 5.2. The minimum width of the test specimen shall be 36 inches.2 Missile Determine the missile based upon building classification according to Section 6.2. ASTM E1886-05. This specimen shall qualify single sections of heights greater than the specimen. 4.1. . 4.3 Testing of a multi-section louver shall also qualify a single section louver to the same blade span as the tested multisection louver. This specimen shall qualify sections of widths greater than the specimen 2 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 sections.2.2.2. Each section width shall be equal to the maximum blade span the manufacturer would supply without providing a blade support plus the added width of the specimen jamb frames.1. 4. This specimen shall qualify sections of heights greater than the specimen sections. and it shall contain a minimum of five blades. If the manufacturer wishes to certify a width narrower than the test specimen. provided the manufacturer supports the louver blades at a spacing equal to the blade length of the specimen.4. 5. or the maximum height allowed by the testing facility (rotation of the test sample 90° is permissible to overcome lab width/height limitations).1 Horizontal blade The test specimen shall consist of a minimum of two sections. The multi-section minimum allowable width shall be based upon one of the following tests: • The multi-section sample described in this section • The narrowest single section tested sample • A narrow multi-section sample See Annex A. The specimen qualifies all single section heights. The minimum height of this narrower test specimen shall also be 915 mm (36 in. provided the manufacturer supports the louver blades at a spacing equal to the blade length of the specimen. The tested width becomes the minimum section certified by the impact test.2 Multi-section louver qualification 4. The width of the louver specimen shall be equal to the maximum width the manufacturer desires to be certified as impact resistant.4. Figure A.3.2 Vertical blade The test specimen shall consist of a single section. an additional test specimen shall be provided. Figure A. 4.1. The specimen qualifies all single section widths. The minimum height of the test specimen shall be 915 mm (36 in. If the manufacturer wishes to certify a height less than the test specimen. The minimum width of this smaller test specimen shall also be 915 mm (36 in.2 regarding required size for testing and Section 11.). See Annex A.1. an additional test specimen shall be provided. Test Methods 5. 4.1 Horizontal blade The test specimen shall consist of a single section. See Annex A.1 Single section louver qualification 4. 4. The multi-section minimum allowable height shall be based upon one of the following tests: • The multi-section sample described in this section • The smallest single section tested sample • A smaller multi-section sample with a shorter blade length See Annex A. The section height shall be equal to the maximum blade span the manufacturer would supply without providing a blade support plus the added thickness of the specimen head and sill frames.). The tested height becomes the minimum section certified by the impact test. provided the manufacturer supports the louver blades at a spacing equal to the blade length of the specimen.2. provided the manufacturer supports the louver blades at a spacing equal to the blade length of the specimen. or the maximum width allowed by the testing facility (rotation of the test sample 90° is permissible to overcome lab width/height limitations). and it shall contain a minimum of five blades.1.3. The section width shall be equal to the maximum blade span the manufacturer would supply without providing a blade support plus the added width of the specimen jamb frames.The size of the test specimen shall be as defined in Section 4.1 Specimens The specimens shall be tested according to test method. Figure A.2. Figure A.2.2.2. This specimen shall qualify single sections of widths greater than the specimen.1.1.2 Vertical blade The test specimen shall consist of a minimum of two sections.2. for large-missile impact testing only. Each section height shall be equal to the maximum blade span the manufacturer would supply without providing a blade support plus the added thickness of the specimen head and sill frames. or 4.

The impact shall not contact the jamb or head frame.2 so that the targeted location is centered on the front plane of the blade. The impact shall not contact the jamb or head frame. • 152 mm (6 in. 5.1 Horizontal blade impact locations Impact each louver section three times as shown in Figure 1.) from the front interior edge of the head.3.1. and The first impact location shall be targeted on the front edge/ surface of a blade closest to a point: • any portion of the leading face of the missile shall impact the exterior most edge or plane of the targeted blade. The impact shall not contact the jamb or sill frame.) diameter tolerance circle.3. it is permissible for the missile to make contact with the louver mullion and/or blades outside of the tolerance circle.) from the front interior edge of the jamb.1. • 152 mm (6 in. 5. The initial contact between the missile and louver shall be in such a way that: • the entire leading face of the missile shall impact within a 222 mm (8. The plane of the tolerance circle shall be on the same plane as the impacted face of the louver with the center of the circle at the targeted location as described in Section 5.2.) from the plane of the cut end of the louver blade.2 Vertical blade impact locations Impact each louver three times as shown in Figure 2.) diameter tolerance circle.3.) from the front interior edge of the sill. and the center of the circle shall be at the targeted location at midspan and mid-width of the mullion as shown in Figure 3. then the targeted location is adjusted after complying with Section 5.2. This third impact shall be adjacent to the jamb that is opposite of the jamb closest to the first impact.75 in. it is permissible for the missile to make contact with the louver blades outside of the tolerance circle. The second impact location shall be targeted at the midspan of a center blade on the front edge/surface of the blade.1.3. See Figure 4. See Figure 4.3.1 Single section impact locations This third impact shall be adjacent to the jamb that is opposite of the jamb closest to the first impact. and ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 3 .) from the plane of the cut end of the louver blade.1 or 5. and If the exterior most part of the targeted blade is a plane (vs.3.1.75 in.1 Visible Mullions The initial contact between the missile and louver shall be in such a way that the entire leading face of the missile shall impact within a 222 mm (8.5.2 Multi-section impact locations 5. The plane of this tolerance circle shall be on the same plane as the impacted exterior mullion face of the louver. an edge).1. The first impact location shall be targeted on the front edge/ surface of a blade closest to a point: • 152 mm (6 in. The second impact location shall be targeted at the midspan of a center blade on the front edge/surface of the blade.3. The third impact location shall be targeted on the front edge/ surface of a blade closest to a point: • 152 mm (6 in. and • 152 mm (6 in.1 or 5. and • 152 mm (6 in. 5.1.3. The third impact location shall be targeted on the front edge/ surface of a blade closest to a point: • 152 mm (6 in.3.) from the front interior edge of the jamb.) from the plane of the cut end of the louver blade. 5.3 Locations of impact • 152 mm (6 in. The impact shall not contact the jamb or sill frame. Once the leading face of the missile passes through the tolerance circle.) from the plane of the cut end of the louver blade. Once the leading face of the missile passes through the tolerance circle. The missile shall also impact the exterior face of the mullion.

9. then the 222 mm (8.2. Missiles The missile used shall be that described in Table 1. Any additional failures shall constitute failure of the entire set of test specimens and product qualification according to Section 9. It is permissible for a missile to not make actual contact with the parts used to create a recessed or hidden mullion member. if provided. When the only specimen provided is a single section. Optional Cycling for High-Velocity Hurricane Zones 8.2 below. identical test shall be performed on the additional specimen specified in Section 4. which are outlined in Section 8.75 in. 5. the set of test specimens shall be accepted according to the designated building classification (Basic Protection or Enhanced Protection).1 Individual fragments of the missile produced by the impact that penetrate beyond the louver shall not exceed 5% of the original weight of the missile.4 The louvers shall be rigidly mounted to the test frame using a continuous angle to support the louver perimeter.2 A minimum of three louver sections shall be cycle tested post-impact.’ For Enhanced Protection listings. 5. it is permissible for the missile to make contact with the louver mullion and/or blades outside of the tolerance circle. The two sections of the multi-section assembly and the single section assembly will meet the requirement of testing three louver sections.2 Recessed or Hidden Mullions If a mullion is used that is recessed or hidden (exterior most part of the mullion is behind a plane created by the exterior face of the blades). excepting fragements defined in Section 7. 7. Impact testing shall be conducted in accordance with this standard. except in the case of Section 9. with the exception of the TAS 201 [5] requirements and the specimen sizes. One additional. the longest unsupported blade multi-section assembly and the longest unsupported blade single section assembly shall be tested. For Basic Protection listings. 7.2.) diameter tolerance circle is applied to the plane created by the plane of the exterior most part of the louver blades. 76 mm 4 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 (3 in.5.6 It is permissible to impact a louver location in different yet similar location if the initial impact fails to hit the specified target area or if the missile was out of tolerance. . 8. When a multi-section specimen and a single section specimen are provided. 8.3 Upon completion of the missile impact(s).’ 7.1.1. Louvers shall be cycle tested to all of the requirements in test standard TAS 203. the missile shall have an impact speed of Missile Level ‘D. 9.2 If any test specimen fails to meet the requirements as described in Section 7. Product Qualification 9. a cylinder.1.1. This standard does not evaluate the fastening methods or fasteners used to attached the louver to the building structure.2 Louver components shall remain attached to adjacent parts or components. Criteria for Testing Products Subject to Cyclic Wind Pressure Loading [6].1 shall be rejected. Pass/Fail Criteria 7. Adjacent parts or components are defined as attached as long as the component is connected to the adjacent part or component by a fastener or part of a weld.1 Louvers located in High-Velocity Hurricane Zones (HVHZ) of Florida require cycle testing post-AMCA Standard 540 impact testing. shall not pass through the impact location or other areas affected by the impact. 9. three identical sections of the longest unsupported blade specimen shall be tested. the missile shall have an impact speed of Missile Level ‘E.5 Following the exact sequential order of impact locations during testing is not necessary as to facilitate the ease of testing (such as minimizing cannon re-positioning and setup). 6. 7.1. Once the leading face of the missile passes through the tolerance circle.3 A qualification to the Enhanced Protection speed automatically includes qualification to the Basic Protection speed. The test requester shall be required to declare a design pressure for the louver prior to testing. it shall be rejected.1 When all test specimens submitted have met the requirements of the specification based on the pass/fail criteria described in Section 7.1 There shall be no penetration of the blade material by the applicable missile(s) during the impact test(s).) in diameter oriented perpendicular to the front plane of the louver.3. 5.

6 A statement that the tests were conducted in accordance with this test method.1 – Full sample Louver overall width Louver overall height Louver depth Blade Spacing 11.5 For each missile impact.12.) or less is tested. 10.8 Signature of persons responsible for supervision of the tests. Limitations 10. 11.4 Manufacturer’s model number or any other method of identification.each impact 11. including all parts and components and the number of specimens tested. the shape shall be tested.5. 11.3 Name and location of the facilities performing the test and the name and address of the requester of the test.10. See Section 10.2 The minimum blade length tested is the narrowest blade length that will be allowed to qualify to AMCA Standard 540.7 A video recording of the test. The louver width or height qualified consists of the blade length and frame width. Blade lengths of shaped louvers shall not be less than the minimum blade length tested. provide the following: 11. 10.9 Detailed drawings of the test specimen. 11. If a minimum section size with a blade length of 305 mm (12 in.7. material of construction and attachment are the same as the tested configuration.2 – Jamb Frame Verify Material – visual.12. Construction differences include methods of attachment and component material grades.1 The maximum height of a horizontal bladed multi-wide section assembly or the maximum width of a vertical blade multi-high section assembly is governed by the height tested of the horizontal bladed multi-wide section assembly or by the width tested of the vertical blade multi-high section assembly. If mounting attachments or construction differ.5.1 Report for impact testing shall contain the following information: 11.3.5. 11. showing dimensioned section profiles.4 Pass / Fail Statement for each impact. 11. 11. weight – verify aluminum components are aluminum.11 For each sample the following items should be checked on the test specimen versus the manufacturer supplied drawing: 11.3 Impact location and description of any damage of . or tempers. provided the mounting method. Report 11.5. 11.4.2 The name(s) of the author of the report.10 Any deviation from the drawings or any modifications made to the test specimen to obtain the reported values shall be noted on the drawings and in the report. 11. 11. blade to frame connection details.1 Description of missile(s) including dimensions and mass (weight). and report number. frame to frame connection details (corners).1 Names of the individuals performing the test and any witnesses. 11.2 Missile speed and data recorded to determine speed. 11.12. The video recording shall be retained by the laboratory for a minimum period of 5 years from the test report date. 11. alloys. weight – verify aluminum compo- ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 5 . fasteners and any other pertinent construction details.2 regarding minimum blade length. 11.3 – Head Frame Verify Material – visual. shorter blade lengths and narrower sections are qualified. 11.1 A description of the test specimen.3 Shaped louvers shall be qualified.1 Date of test and date of report.1 A statement that the laboratory is in possession of a video recording of the test. steel components are steel – not checking chemical composition Verify Width of component Verify Depth of component Verify Thickness of component – 2 locations Visually verify features and shape of component matches drawing 11. 11. 11.

weight – verify aluminum components are aluminum. should be appended to the report.13 All data not required herein.5 – Blade Verify Material – visual. Verify Width of component Verify Depth of component Verify Thickness of component – 2 locations Visually verify features and shape of component matches drawing 11. Verify Width of component Verify Depth of component Verify Thickness of component – 2 locations Visually verify features and shape of component matches drawing 11. steel components are steel – not checking chemical composition.7 – Connection details Verify blade to frame connections Verify sill to jamb connections Verify head to jamb connections Verification shall consist of visually inspecting weld sizes and lengths Verification shall consist of inspecting fastener diameters and lengths Verify other connections shown on manufacturer’s drawings 11. Verify Width of component Verify Depth of component Verify Thickness of component – 2 locations Visually verify features and shape of component matches drawing 11. steel components are steel – not checking chemical composition.nents are aluminum.12.6 – Other component details.4 – Sill Frame Verify Material – visual. such as Mullion details Verify Material – visual.12. steel components are steel – not checking chemical composition. weight – verify aluminum components are aluminum. conclusions or recommendations. weight – verify aluminum components are aluminum. Verify Width of component Verify Depth of component Verify Thickness of component – 2 locations Visually verify features and shape of component matches drawing 11. 6 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 .12. steel components are steel – not checking chemical composition.12. but useful to a better understanding of the test results.

1.3.6” (Typ.1 2x4 Impact location Typical impact location Section Detail See Section 5.1.3.1 6” (Typ.1.1.) Section Detail 6” (Typ.) Figure 1 Impact Locations for Testing Single Section.3. Horizontal Blade Louver See Section 5.3.) Impact location See Section 5. Vertical Blade Louver ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 7 .) See Section 5.2 Figure 2 Impact Locations for Testing Single Section.2 Typical impact location 2x4 6” (Typ.

4 m ± 100 mm (8 ft ± 4 in.4 m ± 100 mm (8 ft ± 4 in. Horizontal Blade Louver Table 1 Missiles Missile Level Missile Impact Speed (m/s) D 4100 g ± 100 g (9.38 (80 ft/s) ± 1% 8 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 .) lumber 24.25 lb) 2x4 in.6” (Typ.25 lb) 2x4 in.0 lb ± .2 6” (Typ.25 (50 ft/s) ± 2% E 4100 g ± 100 g (9.3.2 2x4 Typical impact location Section Detail See Section 5.) See Section 5.) Impact location Figure 3 Impact Locations for Testing Multi-Section.) lumber 15. 2. 2.0 lb ± .3.

3.1 or 5.1 or 5.Jamb Plan View Head Head ø222 mm (ø8.2 152 mm (6 in.3.3.1.) Tolerance circle Blade 152 mm (6 in.) Example of initial impact within tolerance Measured location per Section 5.1.75 in.2 Impact location Blade View of Exterior Face Section Cut View Figure 4 Impact Location Details ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 9 .1.1.) Blade Example of initial impact out of tolerance (did not hit front of target blade) Impact location Jamb Blade Measured location per Section 5.3.

Qualification of widths smaller than test specimen requires additional test. blade supports shall be moment spliced at ship sections or supported by other structures.Annex A Test Specimen Reference Figures Notes: 1. Horizontal Blade Louver Qualification 10 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 .1. When stacking multiple horizontal blade sections vertically. 2. Figure A. 3. See Section 4.1. Support spacing (S) shall be designed for the wind pressure rating of the louver.1 Example of Single Section.2.

Notes: 1. 2.2 Example of Single Section. 3.1. Figure A. Support spacing (S) shall be designed for the wind pressure rating of the louver. See Section 4. When placing multiple vertical blade sections horizontally. Qualification of heights smaller than test specimen requires additional test. blade supports shall be moment spliced at ship sections or supported by other structures.2.2. Vertical Blade Louver Qualification ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 11 .

2.Notes: 1. See Section 4. Support spacing (S) shall be designed for the wind pressure rating of the louver.2. For example. recessed.3 Example of Multi-Section. Horizontal Blade Louver Qualification 12 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 . Qualification of widths smaller than test specimen requires additional test. Three or more sections may be tested to allow qualification of multiple mullion types with one test. when trying to obtain qualification for an architectural. and visible mullion types with a single test.2. Minimum two sections shown. 3. 4. Figure A.1. blade supports shall be moment spliced at ship sections or supported by other structures. When placing multiple horizontal blade sections horizontally.

2. blade supports shall be moment spliced at ship sections or supported by other structures. 4.2. See Section 4. 3. Figure A. Minimum two sections shown. Support spacing (S) shall be designed for the wind pressure rating of the louver.2.4 Example of Multi-Section.Notes: 1. Vertical Blade Louver Qualification ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 13 . Three or more sections may be tested to allow qualification of multiple mullion types with one test. Qualification of widths smaller than the test specimen requires an additional test. When stacking multiple vertical blade sections vertically. 2.

or approved third party agency. 14 | ANSI/AMCA 540-13 . then a listing and labeling service shall be used.Annex B Follow-up Service (Informative) If the intent of qualifying a louver to this standard is to meet the requirements of the building code. AMCA 512. The reason for this is that the building code requires a third party follow-up service or annual inspection of the product.

Curtain Walls. Doors. Curtain Walls.Annex C Bibliography [1] ASTM E 1996-04 Standard Specification for Performance of Exterior Windows. Doors and Impact Protective Systems Impacted by Windborne Debris in Hurricanes [2] ASTM E 1886-05 Standard Test Method for Performance of Exterior Windows. and Impact Protective Systems Impacted by Missile(s) and Exposed to Cyclic Pressure Differentials [3] International Code Council 2012 International Building Code [4] International Code Council 2012 International Residential Code [5] TAS 201 Impact Test Procedures [6] TAS 203 Criteria for Testing Products Subject to Cyclic Wind Pressure Loading ANSI/AMCA 540-13 | 15 .

amca. Tel: (847) 394-0150 E-Mail : info@amca. dampers.org Fax: (847) 253-0088 Web: www. IL 60004-1893 U. INC. Inc. louvers. airflow measurement stations.A. air curtains. . but limited to: fans. and other air system components for the industrial.S.org The Air Movement and Control Association International. 30 West University Drive Arlington Heights. commercial and residential markets. acoustic attenuators.AIR MOVEMENT AND CONTROL ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL. is a not-for-profit international association of the world’s manufacturers of related air system equipment primarily.

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