GRAMMAR

Circle the correct words in each sentence.

1. Travelling around Africa makes you to think / think / thinking about
the comfortable life we lead at home.
2. We decided to look / look / looking for a different kind of holiday.
3. They enjoy visiting / to visit / visit museums and churches.
4. I really think you should taking / to take / take a trip up to the
mountain top; it’s a fantastic view.
5. We’re fed up of go / going / to go to the same place every year; we
want a change this year.
6. Let’s to get / get / getting some brochures from the travel agency.
7. Eating / Eat / To eat exotic gourmet food is one of my favourite
things to do on holiday.
8. It’s quite difficult understand / to understand / understanding
the local dialect; you have to use sign language.

Complete the sentences using the words in the box. Use the gerund
or the infinitive.

save see have talk go send get write

1. Don’t forget __________ a new passport before you go!
2. I’ll never forget __________ the Twin Towers in New York before the
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

terrorist attack.
Did you remember __________ the postcards?
I remember __________ them but I’m not sure if I sent them.
We stopped at a service station on the motorway __________ lunch.
Everyone stopped __________ when the film started.
We didn’t mean __________ to Birmingham; we caught the wrong bus!
For many families, a summer holiday means __________ up all year
round.

Complete the second sentences using the word in bold.

1. The customs official wouldn’t let us enter the country. (refused)

(agreed) Jane _________________________________________________________________________ 3. must get . Jane said she would book the hotel and the ferry. must should ought 2. The landowner allowed us to fish in the river. I really hate spending time on the beach. I don’t really want to go abroad this summer. A.The customs official _________________________________________________________ 2. He said he would be careful with his money. I think you _____ book a hotel before you go. A. I haven’t got enough money to go to Paris. Choose the correct option: A. B or C. C. 1. (afford) I _____________________________________________________________________________ 8. (promised) He __________________________________________________________________________ 7. (let) The landowner ______________________________________________________________ A. B. (stand) I can’t _______________________________________________________________________ 6. Everyone _____ off the bus and show their passports when we arrived at the border. Do you want to go to Italy this year? (fancy) Do you ______________________________________________________________________ 4. (feel) I don’t_______________________________________________________________________ 5.

didn’t have to pay mustn’t pay mustn’t have paid 4. A. C. Use the correct tense. C. should buy should bought should have bought You _____ smoke on the bus – it’s strictly forbidden! can’t don’t have to haven’t to You _____ Bill in the supermarket today.B. we __________ in Paris in time for lunch. B. A. C. had to get 3. C. must have got C. 8. he’s on holiday in China! can’t see couldn’t see can’t have seen Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. What will he do if he __________ the bus? (miss) . B. I’m not quite sure where we are – we _____ anywhere! can be could be must be 6. There’s nobody waiting for the bus – I think we _____ it! must have missed must miss have must miss 5. A. C. B. We _____ for any of the meals in the hotel – everything was included. If we catch the 9 o’clock train. A. A. B. 1. (arrive) 2. A. C. B. You _____ a ticket before you got on the train. B. 7.

6. She said that she will meet us in the park the following day. 1. 4. Use the passive form. Someone is going to fix my camper van. 5. I’d gone on holiday tomorrow. A new hotel _________________________________________________________________ . The ski resort________________________________________________________________ 6. 2. Complete the second sentence. They have opened a new airport near the city. I asked him was he on holiday. 7. Do you know weather or not the shops are open this afternoon? I asked him how long had he been travelling. 5. 8. (spend) What _____ you ____ if you found someone’s passport? (do) If I’d known you were coming to visit. (have) Where would you go if you ___________ go anywhere in the world? (can) If I were rich. I __________ a meal for us! (cook) We __________ at the station on time if we’d come by taxi. He told to me that he was going to travel around the world. 1. A huge holiday centre _______________________________________________________ 4.3. The guide told us to not go outside the city centre. They will probably open a new hotel here. 7. The lawyer advised us that we complain about the hotel. A new law ___________________________________________________________________ 3. The government has passed a new law to promote rural tourism. They asked him where was the beach. 6. 4. 8. A new airport ________________________________________________________________ 5. They are building a huge holiday centre near the beach. 3. I’m __________________________________________________________________________ 2. If I __________ enough money. (arrive) Correct the mistakes in these sentences. A consortium of businessmen bought the ski resort last year. I __________ all my time travelling around the world.

A. who B. B or C. who 2. Space travel for tourists ____________________________________________________ 8. They can sell thousands of train tickets an hour using this new machine. where B. which C. There’s a place in Switzerland _____ they found the Higgs Bosun particle. A. what . which C. although many people think it was Thomas Edison. A. what B. They will have invented space travel for tourists by 2050.7. 1. where C. Thousands of train tickets an hour ___________________________________________ Complete the sentences. Tesla was the man _____ discovered electricity. which 3. Graphene is a new material _____ was invented in Manchester. Choose the best option: A.

whose 6. I like inventions _____ humanity. whom C. where 7. that B. which help C.4. A. who help 5. She’s the girl _____ father is a famous nuclear scientist. is the material of the future. A. which C. A. which they help B. Stephen Hawkings. who . that B. is appearing on our programme to explain what happens around a black hole. A. Graphene. _____ is one of the world’s best-known physicists. _____ was invented in Manchester. who B.

will be available next year. Einstein. The two scientists. whose Complete the sentences. 7. which. 1. who’s C. In which of the following sentences can the relative pronoun be omitted? Write a ✓if it can be omitted or a X if it cannot be omitted. 3. is an expert in the field. wasn’t a brilliant student. Brian Cox is a famous physicist ________ used to be a famous musician. 8. ________ worked on the project for three years. This is the telescope ________ Galileo used to make his calculations about the movement of the planets. Write who. 2. whom 8. This is the material ________ is going to change the future of construction. ________ theory of relativity is one of the greatest scientific achievements. 5. Richard Dawkins. A. 1. . ________ will revolutionise the communications industry. He’s a scientist ________ I really admire. This is the place ________ Copernicus was born. where or whose. The new invention. 6. This is a field of science which I find difficult to understand. who B. _____ books have sold millions. 4.C. have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.

My sister works as a nuclear scientist. (who) 2. 4. (which) 3. Brian Cox is a physicist. Albert Einstein studied there. 3. 1. 8. Stephen Hawkins is tonight’s special guest. 6. who says he has invented an amazing new gadget. (whose) 4. This is the new product that I was telling you about. 2. It was developed by Apple. It will sell millions. The laboratory is now a museum. ‘Thumb generation’ is a phrase which is used to describe the children of today because of their skills with mobile phones. is coming to see you tomorrow. (where) 4. It is about inventions of the future. The product will be launched next spring. She lives in Switzerland. That’s the school. 1. This is a product. This is the product that will change the way we communicate with each other. 7. (which) 3. These days. He’s the physicist whose books explain quantum physics in a simple way. He appears on TV a lot. This is a book. (that) Rewrite the two sentences as one sentence using the word in brackets. This is the scientist who discovered the new particle. (where) . mobile phones are an item that we just can’t do without. His new book is a best seller.2. Marie Curie discovered radiation there. Mr Jones. 5. Rewrite the two sentences as one sentence using the word in brackets.

The company marketing department have suggested to change / changing the logo of the new product. 7. 5. He asked me if I knew what graphene was / what was graphene. 1. She asked me if I had seen the new product. The police told everyone to go / to everyone go home after the demonstration. 1. 2. 3. 2. They explained that the new product would be / will be in the shops before Christmas. We asked him what the material was made of. Complete the second sentences with direct speech. _________________________________________ she asked me. B. 6. 8. I wonder what Einstein was doing / what was Einstein doing when he came up with his famous E = MC2. He asked us what we would be doing at this time next year. 4. The scientist told / said journalists that he hoped to be able to reveal the new discovery that day. 3. She asked us to have / that we have a look at the new product. The inventor said that he worked / had worked on the project for ten years. _________________________________________ we asked him.Circle the correct words in each sentence. .

7. The technician asked us politely not to touch anything. He told us to have a look at the new product. . _________________________________________ the journalist asked him. They said they were going to visit the new factory the following day. _________________________________________ he told us. 6. 5._________________________________________ he asked us. _________________________________________ they said. The journalist asked him how long he had been working on the new product. _________________________________________ the technician said politely. 4.