# 2.

02 Energy and Ecosystem Lab
August 28, 2016
Purpose: To investigate how biomass changes based on a real
world example
1. Identify the food chain in this scenario, beginning with the soybeans.
Use arrows to show the direction of energy transfer between each
organism.

Soybean

Grasshopp
er

Chicken

Farmer

2. Identify the producer(s) and consumer(s) in this scenario. Also identify
any herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores that are present. More than one
term might apply to an organism.

Soybean: Producer because it converts sunlight to energy and produces its
own food
Grasshopper: Herbivore primary consumer because it eats soybeans which
are producers
Chickens: Carnivore secondary consumers because they eat grasshoppers
Farmers: Omnivore tertiary consumers because they can all organisms listed

3. List four abiotic factors that would impact this food chain.

Temperature
Soil

4. Calculate the number of grasshoppers a chicken eats per year
(365 days).
25 grasshoppers/day x 365 days/year = 9,125 grasshoppers/year consumed
by the chicken
a. How many grasshoppers are needed for a year’s supply of
chickens for the farmer?
9,125 grasshoppers/year x 365 chickens/year = 3,330,625 grasshoppers
b. What is the total mass of the grasshoppers needed to feed all the
chickens for one year?
3,330,625 grasshopper’s x 1 kg/1000 grasshoppers = 3,330.625 kg
grasshoppers
c. How many kilograms of soybeans are needed to feed all the
grasshoppers for one year?
3,330,625 grasshopper’s x 30 grams = 99,918,750 grams = 99,918.75 kg of
soybeans
5.Suppose the farmer chose to eat grasshoppers instead of chickens.
How many people could the grasshoppers feed, compared to the one
person that the chicken fed?

Rainfall
Sunlight

 9125 grasshoppers / 600 grasshoppers = 15.875 cal/yr per chicken/1. how many people would his soybean crop feed? 329. record the biomass of the organisms over a period of one year needed to support one farmer.The farmer needs to consume 3.5 kg.Create a Biomass Pyramid.125 people       7. using the data you have developed up to this point. If he ate only soybeans instead of the chickens or grasshoppers. The pyramid may be set up like this:   Fa r m er : 6 C h ic0k e n : 5 4 7k k g g G r a s s h o p p e r: 2 1 9 kg S o y b e a n : 3 3 1 .731.000 cal/ = 301.2 people for a day  6.8 k g               .095. Assume that a farmer weighs 60 kg and a chicken weighs 1. At each trophic level.000 calories per day.

    Pros  Cons  Less biomass used  Less Diet Variety  Less resources used  Unbalanced Ecosystem  Feeds more people  Less Biodiversity          Summary: This lab shows how food chains are formatted. The lab helped analyzed a food chain consisting of soybeans.75 kg. and then the number of people soybeans could feed. Should people eat at a lower trophic level? Outline three pros and three cons of eating only plants and plant products. and the number of chickens a farmer needs per year. and farmers. chickens. how energy goes away as organisms get consumed. Given data like the number of grasshoppers a chicken eats in a day. the number of soybeans needed to continue the food chain was commutated at 99918. so feeding more people and using fewer resources seemed like a good idea of why to only eat plants . and how to compute the biomass needed to feed different animals in the various trophic levels.  People should eat at a lower trophic level in order to benefit the environment and its resources for years to come. 8. These computations showed that consuming at lower trophic levels would lower the amount of biomass needed per person. grasshoppers. Then I compared the results to the number of people the grasshoppers could feed if the people ate them as their only food source.