UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA SALESIANA

INGENIERÍA ELECTRÓNICA
REDES DE COMPUTADORAS I
Nombre: Zurita Márquez Diana Estefanía
Nivel: Séptimo Grupo 2
Chapter 10 - Selecting Technologies and Devices for Campus
Networks

Physical network design involves the selection of LAN and WAN technologies for campus and enterprise
Network designs.During this phase of the top-down network design process, choices are made regarding
cabling, physical and data link layer protocols, and internetworking devices (such as switches, routers, and
wireless access points).

LAN Cabling

Cabling

Plant Design

Topologies

The importance of
developing a good
cabling
infrastructure
should not
be discounted.

Companies such
as AT&T, IBM,
(DEC), HewlettPackard,
and Northern
Telecoml

Whereas other
components of a
network design
generally
have a lifetime of
a few years before
the technology
changes, the
cabling
infrastructure
often must last
for many years.

Types of
Cables

LAN

Ethernet

Ethernet

Technologies

Basics

Technology
Choices

These
companies
published
cabling
specifications
and guidelines
for developing
A centralized cabling
scheme terminates most
or all of the cable runs in
one area of the design
environment. A star
topology is an example
of a centralized system.

A distributed cabling scheme terminates cable runs
throughout the design environment.
Ring, bus, and mesh topologies are Examples of
Distributed systems .

Campus network
implementations use
three major types of
cables:

*Shielded copper,
including shielded
twisted-pair (STP),
coaxial (coax), and
twinaxial
(twinax) cables
* Unshielded copper
(typically UTP) cables
* Fiber-optic cables

STP cabling was
widely used in
Token Ring
networks. Coax
cable was popular
in the early days
of LANs.

Fiber-optic cabling
should be used for
vertical and
horizontal wiring
between
telecommunications
closets
and
between
buildings.

Fiber-optic cabling is
not affected by
crosstalk, noise, and
electromagnetic
interference,
so it has the highest
capacity of the three
types of cables.

LAN
technologies
vary in how
well they can
meet
scalability,
availability,
manageability,
adaptability,
affordability,
and
other
technical
goals.

Ethernet is a
physical and data
link layer standard
for the transmission
of frames on a
LAN.

An Ethernet LAN
that is accurately
provisioned to meet
bandwidth
requirements and
outfitted with highquality components,
including NICs,
cables, and
internetworking
devices, can meet
even the most
stringent demands
for availability.

Ethernet is a scalable
technology that has
adapted to increasing
capacity requirements.

The following options for
implementing Ethernet
networks are available:

-Half- and full-duplex Ethernet
-100-Mbps Ethernet
-1000-Mbps (1-Gbps or Gigabit)
Ethernet
-10-Gbps Ethernet
-Metro Ethernet
-Long-Reach Ethernet (LRE)
-Cisco EtherChannel

The choice of an Ethernet technology
for the access layer depends on the
location and
size of user communities, bandwidth
and QoS requirements for
applications, broadcast

10-Gbps Ethernet supports fullduplex transmission over fiber-optic or copper cabling. Hubs and bridges are generally no longer used. the choice will be between a switch and a router.2 microseconds for 10-Mbps Ethernet. 10-Gbps Ethernet differs in some important ways from the other Ethernet implementations. although hubs are sometimes placed in a network to facilitate tapping into a network for protocol analysis.Selecting Internetworking Devices for a Campus Network Design Building- Campus- Cabling Cabling Topologies Topologie Half-Duplex and Full-Duplex Ethernet 100-Mbps Gigabit Ethernet Ethernet 10-Gbps Ethernet s At this point in the network design process. you have developed a network topology and should have an idea of which segments will be interconnected In most cases. aggregating traffic from up to ten 100Mbps Ethernet segments. either a centralized or distributed architecture can be used. which is called full-duplex Ethernet 100-Mbps Ethernet. . The cabling that connects buildings is exposed to more physical hazards than the cabling within A centralized scheme offers good manageability but does not scale Many LAN technologies make an assumption that workstations are no more than 100 meters (m) from a telecommunications closet where hubs or switches reside.3z standard is similar to the older 10Mbps Ethernet standard. but it is also remarkably similar to the other implementations. A point-to-point Ethernet link supports simultaneous transmitting and receiving. An important design rule for half-duplex Ethernet is that the round-trip propagation delay in one collision domain must not exceed the time it takes a sender to transmit 512 bits. which is one of the reasons it is popular. It can act as a trunk network. also known as Fast Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet was originally defined in the IEEE 802. depending on the size of the building. which is 51. Gigabit Ethernet is most appropriate for building and campus-backbone networks. Within a building. and bridges are still sometimes used in wireless networks.