Ethnic and racial conflict

International Conflict Ethnic Economic Religious International Conflict Governmental Ideological Territorial .

Ethnic IDEAS Religious Ideological .

Economic Interests Territorial Governmental .

These six types of conflicts are not mutually exclusive. and they overlap considerably in practice. .

.Ethnic conflict is quite possibly the most important source of conflict in the numerous wars occurring throughout the world.

language.ethnic conflict itself stems from a dislike or hatred that members of one ethnic group systematically feel toward another ethnic group. Although conflicts between ethnic groups often have material aspects. . or religious ties and a common identity (individual identify with the group).notably over territory and government control. cultural.Ethnic Groups Large groups of people who share ancestral.

Ethnic groups often form the basis for nationalist sentiments. Not all ethnic groups identify as nations.Ethnic conflict is thus not based on tangible causes (what someone does) but on intangible ones (who someone is). .

. they usually think of themselves as a nation.But in locations where millions of members of a single group live as the majority population in their ancestors´ land. In most such cases they aspire to have their own state with its formal international status and territorial boundaries.

with part of an ethnic group controlling a state and another part living as a minority within another state controlled by a rival ethnic group. . The resulting situation can be dangerous. and members of other ethnic groups are located within the state´s borders. Any state´s borders deviate to some extent from the actual location of ethnic communities. Members of the ethnic group are left outside its state´s borders. Frequently the minority group suffers discrimination in the other state. and the “home” state tries to rescue or avenge them.Territorial control is closely tied to the aspirations of ethnic groups for statehood.

.Causes of Ethnic Hostility Why do ethnic groups frequently dislike each other? Long standing historical conflicts over specific territories or natural resources or over one ethnic group´s economic exploitation or political domination of another.

KINSHIP Ethnic group is a kind of extended kinship group. Even when kinship relations are not very close. a group identity makes a person act as though the other members of the ethnic group were family. .a group of related individuals sharing some ancestors.

. though it is a controversial idea. are based on the identity principle. It may have its roots in a biological propensity to protect closely related individuals. and dice them from other groups. The ties that bind ethnic groups together.Ethnocentrism Or In-group-bias is the tendency to see one´s own group in favorable terms and an out.group in unfavorable terms.

or worships in a different way (or all the three). All too easily. “dogs”. an out-group can be dehumanized and stripped of all human rights. This dehumanization includes the common use of animal names.In-group-biases are far stronger when the other group looks different.for members of the out-group. . and so forth.“pigs”. speaks a different language.

EDUCATION Education can overcome ethnic animosities between traditionally hostile nations. .

speak the same language. and share the same religion.IMMUNITY from ethnic conflicts Can be caused because they all are from the same ethnic group. .

Perhaps someday people will shift loyalties even further.States reinforce their citizens´ identification with the state through flags.. developing a global identity as humans first and members of states and ethnic groups second. . anthems. patriotic speeches and so forth.