FOREWORD

A criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information or evidence
about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the
perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a
conviction in court. Investigation, therefore, is the most pivotal part of police functions
that not only helps to trace and arrest the criminals but also acts as a preventive measure
in the form of deterrence for other criminals. The successful investigation is the key to
realizing both these goals.
Unfortunately, performance of investigation of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police was
plummeting owing to lack of training in modern investigative skills, archaic methods of
evidence collection, defective methods of evidence preservation, inadequate / limited
knowledge of cellular forensic science, unawareness of scientific investigation techniques
methods, lack of interest in investigation of cases by IO and incapable supervisory
officers. The focus of the investigators remained apprehension of the criminal prior to
reconstruction of crime scene and establishing the linkage of crime scene to the criminal.
The sorry state of affairs of the investigation was evident from the poor conviction
rates, recurrent changes of investigation, dissatisfaction of public, incessant complaints of
corruption against the investigation officers, high percentage of untraced cases, large
number of Proclaimed Offenders at large, non-existence of surveillance records. Besides,
the office of the Superintendent of Investigation in a district which was meant for
supervision of investigation of cases had become redundant and was reduced to a post
office.
Resultantly, despite the increased investment of public resources in investigation
and its separation from the operations, the quality of investigation did not improve as a
result of which police were not able to produce the desired outcome of increased
investment in police.
It was in this backdrop that a comprehensive reforms strategy was devised based
on the following principles:
a. Emphasis will be from crime scene to criminal instead of criminal to crime scene
b. Major focus on crime scene evidence
c. Equipping the investigating officers with modern knowledge for conducting
scientific investigation

modern investigation techniques including cellular forensic & forensic medicine and case file management. First. lectures. iii. assignments. case-studies etc. simulations. It gives me immense pleasure to state that owing to the devotion and tireless efforts of our team. This school is headed by a Director and is offering numerous courses in collaboration with University of Peshawar and DFID. practical exercises. questioned documents. It has been established by converting a dilapidated and abandoned building into a modern awe-inspiring campus by the Police department from its own resources. forensic photography and digital forensics.332 police officers have been trained in various branches of investigation in this school. Second. Peshawar for imparting training in preservation and collection of evidence. Establishment of Mobile Forensic Units for crime scene investigation Enhancing the capacity of Forensic Science Laboratory Establishment of Police School of Investigation Establishment of Cellular Forensic Cell Digitalization of Criminal Record Establishment of Data Analysis Section for the purpose of planning and investigation As a first step of the strategy. the facilities available in these FSLs have been increased. it provides forensic services to other organizations including Pakistan . the number of Forensic Science Laboratories have been increased from one to three. latent finger print. iv. So far 2. The Forensics including Forensic Science and Cellular Forensic was one of the weakest dimensions of our investigation. We now have Regional Forensic Science Laboratories in Swat. audio-visual sessions. Crime Scene Demonstration Room and a Library. the school has enlisted a number of subject experts from all over the country to deliver lectures.In light of this strategy the following principal decisions were made after extensive need analysis and deliberations: i. Now it consists of six specialized units including chemicals and narcotics analysis. In addition to senior police officers. we have been able to considerably enhance our capacity of forensics. a Police School of Investigation was established in May. 2014 in Hayatabad. firearms and toolmarks. vi. demonstration. syndicate rooms. v. In order to make the learning effective modern teaching methodologies including Syndicate and Group work. The training facilities include lecture rooms. e-learning center. Further. ii.

Fourth. The new system is based on digitalization of criminal record and geo-tagging technology. vulnerable places and sensitive villages. The geo-tagging technology ensures the preservation of the crime scene and records all the evidence especially trace evidence available and collected from the crime scene. This has enabled the KP Police to overcome the three major challenges of terrorism.Customs. latitude and longitude coordinates and incident details are stored in the main database using Android mobile phones. it has been made mandatory to incorporate the CNIC number and the Mobile Number of complainant and the accused in the FIR and FIR index respectively. deploy surveillance etc. crime scenes. Third. . kidnapping for ransom and extortion. conduct random snap checking. All the data. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police has developed and launched a Centralized Crime Tracking and Analysis System for enhancing the capacity of investigators. Anti-corruption Establishment. It helps not only the investigators but also provides the judges a permanent visual record of the scene that can be analyzed during the course of prosecution. This helps the investigators in making an even stronger case by processing evidence right at major crime scenes. NAB. The Digitalization of Criminal Record along with the geo-tagging has led to the concept of Hot-spot of Policing. It eliminates the chances of tampering with and contamination of the primary evidence available at the crime scene during the process of evidence collection and later investigative process. It also helps the investigating officers in their case investigation and interrogations. the investigators are being constantly trained in techniques of cellular forensics. establish check posts at entry and exit points. ANF. Excise & Taxation Department. cellular forensic cells have been established in the offices of District Head of Investigation and Counter-Terrorism Department. including pictures of the crime scenes. It has also helped in development of a centralized database of images of terrorists. it helps in identifying the areas notorious for certain types of criminal or terrorist activity. Meanwhile. Frontier Corps. First. Malakand Levies and Gilgit Baltistan. FATA administration. Further. These measures include conduct of search. strike and sweep operations. the KP Police has been able to procure Mobile Crime Scene Vehicles which enable the crime scene investigators to arrive at and approoach the crime scene with the proper equipment to conduct a thorough investigation. Secondly. it enables the police to take its offensive-defensive measures to prevent the occurrence of that criminal or terrorist activity. Hot spot policing serves two functions.

It helps the investigators in identifying whether the vehicles used in any terrorist or criminal activity is stolen or having fake number plates. The Tenant Information System which is the digitization of the tenant data and its integration with criminal record is proving extremely beneficial for the Police stations in tracking the movement of suspects and apprehending them. and most importantly.The Research and Analysis Sections of CTD and CPO. terrorists. It also helps in planning and conducting targeted search and strike operations. the FIR can be searched through Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) number and string of name. The IVS is Police data of hardened criminals. The results of such studies are then incorporated into hot spot policing by the local police in their weekly combing operations and search & strike operations in militant / criminal infested areas and their hideouts. Similarly. IVS. This Crime Tracking and Analysis Unit have a section dedicated for surveillance and apprehension of suspects and accused at large. militants. Further. The VVS is a vehicles-record maintained by Excise Department and has been linked with the cell-phone SIMs. proclaimed offenders. and the Directorate of Information Technology (IT) have been established to carry out a comprehensive study on the available crime data for mapping and analysis. TIS and CIA picket. This has greatly enhanced real time verification capabilities of the Police department leading to improved investigations and interrogations. father name and address of the person using mobile phones. This includes CRVS. the CIA surveillance pickets have been established outside all the jails / prisons throughout the province for the surveillance of accused / convicts involved in the . VVS. Lastly. It enables to verify the identity of the criminal or terrorist apprehended through his CNIC or finger prints. the system enables the Police personnel deployed on Police pickets to verify the background of every individual through a click on their mobile phones and apprehend them on the spot in case of involvement in any criminal activity. In addition the system also enables the Police investigators to share the fingerprints lifted from any crime scene with NADRA authorities who provide complete detail of the person within 72 hours. Using CRVS. it reveals the true facts about the owner of the vehicle. wanted criminals and legally-issued Proof of Identification (POR) provided to Afghan refugees which is further linked with the NADRA database.

MV Theft / Snatching). Shaukat Hayat. Mr. Kidnapping for ransom and ATA cases. Qudrat Ulllah Marwat and Mr. . Extortion. Robbery.commission of Offences against property (Dacoity. I must take this opportunity to acknowledge the valuable services rendered by successive Additional Inspectors General of Police (Investigation) Mr. I would also like to appreciate the hard work of Director IT Naveed Gul and Director Research who have contributed towards actualizing the envisioned training reform initiatives. Muhammad Ali Baba Khel for playing a vital role in the successfully implementing our investigation reform initiatives. Burglary.