CALCULUS I

Assignment Problems
Applications of Derivatives

Paul Dawkins

Calculus I

Preface............................................................................................................................................. 2
Applications of Derivatives ........................................................................................................... 2

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 2
Rates of Change ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Critical Points ............................................................................................................................................ 3
Minimum and Maximum Values .............................................................................................................. 7
Finding Absolute Extrema...................................................................................................................... 10
The Shape of a Graph, Part I ................................................................................................................... 12
The Shape of a Graph, Part II ................................................................................................................. 19
The Mean Value Theorem ...................................................................................................................... 24
Optimization ........................................................................................................................................... 25
More Optimization Problems................................................................................................................. 27
Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule ......................................................................................... 29
Linear Approximations .......................................................................................................................... 31
Differentials............................................................................................................................................. 32
Newton’s Method .................................................................................................................................... 33

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Calculus I

Preface
Here are a set of problems for my Calculus I notes. These problems do not have any solutions
available on this site. These are intended mostly for instructors who might want a set of problems
to assign for turning in. I try to put up both practice problems (with solutions available) and these
problems at the same time so that both will be available to anyone who wishes to use them.

Applications of Derivatives
Introduction
Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available. The main intent of these
problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra
problems.
Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of
a variety of problems. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems
although this will vary from section to section.
Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them.
Rates of Change
Critical Points
Minimum and Maximum Values
Finding Absolute Extrema
The Shape of a Graph, Part I
The Shape of a Graph, Part II
The Mean Value Theorem
Optimization Problems
More Optimization Problems
L’Hospital’s Rule and Indeterminate Forms
Linear Approximations
Differentials
Newton’s Method

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Instead here is a list of links (note that these will only be active links in the web version and not the pdf version) to problems from the relevant sections from the previous chapter. 3 2 6.lamar.18 x . Each of the following sections has a selection of increasing/decreasing problems towards the bottom of the problem set.7 3. P ( w ) = w . A ( t ) = 7t .16 z + 20 z .x Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids.Calculus I Rates of Change As noted in the text for this section the purpose of this section is only to remind you of certain types of applications that were discussed in the previous chapter. 3 2 1.15 x + 152 x .4w . As such there aren’t any problems written for this section. f ( z ) = 2 z .240 x + 2 4 3 2 2.math.25 z + 907 z 5 6 7 4 3 2 4. R ( x ) = 8 x .12 z .1 3 2 7. g ( t ) = 3t . g ( z ) = 8 .edu/terms.20t .15 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 3 http://tutorial. h ( x ) = 10 x . Differentiation Formulas Product & Quotient Rules Derivatives of Trig Functions Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions Chain Rule Related Rates problems are in the Related Rates section.3t + t .132t + 672t .aspx . These are marked are noted below.4 Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids. Note that a couple of the problems involve equations that may not be easily solved by hand and as such may require some computational aids. Critical Points Determine the critical points of each of the following functions. 2 3 4 5 5.7 w .

aspx .2 22.4 21.3 ) ( 2 z + 1) 5 12.5 14.2t . f ( t ) = ( t .8) 2 ( ) 13. g ( z ) = ( z . f ( w ) = 15. Y ( x ) = 3 x-7 ( 18.6t . Q ( w ) = 6 .4t t2 +1 y2 . h ( v ) = v + v + 10v .2 ) t 2 + 1 3 2 3 .15 5 4 3 11. Q ( t ) = 7 sin ( 4t ) .25t 19.20 x + 6 x + 120 x + 5 Note : This problem will require some computational aids.w2 ) 3 2 w2 .Calculus I 2 3 4 8. h ( t ) = 4 5 ) 2 3 x ( 2 x + 8) ( 20. f ( t ) = t 3 . g ( x ) = 3cos ( 2 x ) .5 x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 4 http://tutorial. R ( q ) = ( q + 2 ) 4 (q . a ( t ) = 4 . f ( x ) = 3x . h ( x ) = 2 w2 + 2 w + 1 3w .y y2 + 3y + 8 16.math.edu/terms.lamar. R ( y ) = 17. 10.3t 4 3 2 9.

Calculus I 23.z 32. f ( z ) = e z 2 -4 z + e8 z . h ( t ) = 6sin ( 2t ) + 12t 3 25.math. f ( x ) = e3+ x . P ( t ) = ( 6t + 1) e8t -t 2 34.2 z 36. G ( r ) = r . g ( z ) = z e 2 1.2 x ) e x 2 33.cos4 ( w) 14 w+3 30. f ( w) = cos 2 ( w) .ln r 2 + 1 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 5 http://tutorial. w ( z ) = cos ( z5 ) 26. g ( t ) = e 2t + 4t 2 -t 3 2 2 -8 y 2 ( 38.4 z 27. U ( z ) = tan ( z ) . A ( x ) = ( 3 . f ( x ) = 7 cos ( x ) + 2 x 24. Z ( t ) = ln t 2 + t + 3 ( ) ) 39.aspx .cos ( 2 x ) 29. h ( x ) = x cos ( x ) .e 2 x -4 2 35. F ( w) = e 31.edu/terms.lamar. h ( x ) = 2 cos ( x ) .sin ( x ) 28. h ( y ) = e 6 y 3 37.

Based on the graph. 45.6 z + ln ( 8 z + 1) ( 41.math. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function. The graph of some function. h ( t ) = ln t 2 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 6 http://tutorial. f ( x ) = x .Calculus I 40.lamar. is shown. The graph of some function. g ( x ) = ln ( 4 x + 2 ) . is shown.ln ( x + 4 ) ( ) 43. 46.4 ln x 2 + x + 2 ) 42. The graph of some function. Based on the graph. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function. f ( x ) . Based on the graph.t + 1 + ln ( 4 .t ) 44.edu/terms. A ( z ) = 2 . f ( x ) . f ( x ) . is shown. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function.aspx .

Below is the graph of some function. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 7 http://tutorial. 2.lamar.Calculus I Minimum and Maximum Values 1. f ( x ) .aspx . Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function.edu/terms. Below is the graph of some function. Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function. f ( x ) .math.

math. Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function. f ( x ) . 4.lamar. Below is the graph of some function.aspx . f ( x ) . Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function.Calculus I 3. Below is the graph of some function. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 8 http://tutorial.edu/terms.

Do.lamar.1) (d) ( 0. 4] 7. ¥ ) é p pù . ë 3 4 úû é p ù (c) ê . Sketch the graph of g ( x ) = ( x .5] (d) [ -1.Calculus I 4.3] (c) [ -6.edu/terms. -1] (d) (1. Sketch the graph of f ( x ) = 3 . (a) ( -¥.aspx .x 6. Sketch the graph of h ( x ) = e and identify all the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. (a) ( -¥.12 x and identify all the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. ¥ ) (b) [ -3.3] (c) [ -1. 2] (c) [ -4.2 ) + 1 and identify all the relative extrema and absolute 2 extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. 4 ) 3. all work for this problem in radians.3) (f) ( 2.1ú ë2 û © 2007 Paul Dawkins 9 http://tutorial.math. ¥ ) (b) [ 0..1] (e) [1. (a) ( -¥. 2p ú ë 2 û (b) ê - é1 ù (d) ê . (a) ( -¥. Sketch the graph of h ( x ) = cos ( x ) + 2 and identify all the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function on each of the following intervals.5) 5. ¥ ) (b) [ -1.

(c) Has no absolute minimum.10] . Sketch the graph of a function on the interval [ 0.edu/terms. Sketch the graph of a function on the interval ( -¥. ¥ ) that has a relative minimum at x = -7 . 11. f ( z ) = 2 z . (b) Has a discontinuity at some point interior to the interval. 4 3 2 1. 13. Finding Absolute Extrema For each of the following problems determine the absolute extrema of the given function on the specified interval. 12.Calculus I 8. 10. (c) Has an absolute maximum at one end point.16 z + 20 z . Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Graphed on the interval [ 2. (d) Has an absolute minimum at the discontinuity in part (b).math. (b) Has one relative minimum.aspx . Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Has a discontinuity at some point. (b) Has an absolute maximum and an absolute minimum.9] that has an absolute maximum at x = 5 and an absolute minimum at x = 4 . a relative maximum at x = 2 and no absolute extrema. (c) Neither absolute extrema occurs at the discontinuity.7 on [ -2. Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Graphed on the interval [ -4. (b) Has no relative extrema. 14.10] that has an absolute minimum at x = 5 and an absolute maximums at x = 0 and x = 10 .lamar. 9.9] . Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Has at least one absolute maximum. Sketch the graph of a function on the interval [3. 6] © 2007 Paul Dawkins 10 http://tutorial. (d) Has an absolute minimum at the other end point. (c) Has an absolute maximum at the discontinuity in part (b).

4 on [ -2.12w on [ -3.7 on [ 0.5] Note : This problem will require some computational aids.5] 4 3 2 12. V ( x ) = 14 x + 11x . g ( x ) = 6 + 9x + x2 on [ -6. 2] 5.2t .1] 2 3 4 10. g ( z ) = ( z .12w on [ -1. a ( t ) = 4 .132t + 672t . 8. h ( t ) = 4 4 (q 2 .lamar.20 x + 6 x + 120 x + 5 on [ -1. f ( x ) = 3x . g ( t ) = 3t .8) on [ -4.8] Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids.20t .15 on [ -3.12 z .4 x + 3 on [ -1.132t + 672t . 0] 1 + x + x2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 11 http://tutorial. Q ( w ) = 20 + 280w + 75w .3] 5 15.16 z + 20 z . f ( z ) = 2 z . 3 2 9.4 on [ -5.3 ) ( 2 z + 1) on [ -1.25 z + 907 z on [ -1. g ( t ) = 3t .edu/terms. h ( x ) = 8 + 3x + 7 x .3t on [ -2. g ( z ) = 8 . R ( q ) = ( q + 2 ) 16.6t . 2] 3 4 5 4. 2] 14. 4] t2 +1 17.x on [ -1.8] 3 4 5 6.1] 5 6 7 4 3 2 7. Q ( w ) = 20 + 280w + 75w .7 on [ -2.aspx .4t on [ -2.Calculus I 4 3 2 2.1] 2 3 11.math. h ( v ) = v + v + 10v .20t .1] 2 3 .8] 4 3 2 Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids.16 z + 20 z . 4] 4 3 2 3. f ( z ) = 2 z . 5 4 3 13.

t ) on [1. -5] 2 1.5 x on [ 0. f ( x ) = x .1] -8 y 2 ( ) 29. s ( w ) = 3w . Q ( w ) = 6 . Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. P ( t ) = ( 6t + 1) e8t -t on [ -1. g ( x ) = 3cos ( 2 x ) . 2] ( ) 30. f ( x ) = e 28.lamar.1] ( 2 20.math. g ( z ) = z e on éë.sin ( x ) on [ -15. h ( y ) = e 6 y 3 on [ . f ( x ) = 7 cos ( x ) + 2 x on [ -5.4 ln x 2 + x + 2 on [ -1. h ( t ) = ln t 2 .12 .6] (1 + t + t ) on [ -2.w2 ) w2 .25t 19. Z ( t ) = ln t 2 + t + 3 on [ -2.Calculus I ( 18.10sin ( w3 ) on [10.3] The Shape of a Graph.edu/terms. 4] 24. 0] 27. f ( t ) = t 3 . F ( x ) = 2 + t 2 5 ) 2 3 on [ 2. h ( x ) = x cos ( x ) . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 12 http://tutorial. 52 ùû 26.4 on [ -5.3] 2 5+9 x + e1-3 x + 6 on [ -1. 6] 22.aspx .12 . 12 ] 3 21.t + 1 + ln ( 4 .9] ( ) 31.38] 23. Part I For problems 1 – 4 the graph of a function is given.z 25.

2.math.Calculus I 1.aspx . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 13 http://tutorial.edu/terms. 4.lamar. 3.

lamar.Calculus I For problems 5 – 7 the graph of the derivative of a function is given. 5.aspx . 6.edu/terms. From this graph determine the open intervals in which the function increases and decreases. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 14 http://tutorial.math.

8) f ¢ (8) = 0 f ¢ ( x ) > 0 on (1. g ¢ ( -2 ) = 0 g ¢ ( x ) < 0 on g¢ ( 0) = 0 ( 0. ¥ ) For problems 11 – 28 answer each of the following. 3 2 11. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums.x 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 3 4 15 http://tutorial.lamar. ( 3.aspx . ( -1. 3) . ¥ ) g ¢ ( 3) = 0 g ¢ ( x ) > 0 on g¢(6) = 0 ( -¥. For problems 8 – 10 The known information about the derivative of a function is given.math.Calculus I 7. ( -2. relative minimums or neither. h¢ ( -1) = 0 h¢ ( x ) < 0 on h¢ ( 2 ) = 0 ( -¥. (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. 5) . From this information answer each of the following questions. g ( x ) = 20 + 8 x + 4 x . 3) . 0 ) .15t + 63t + 3 12. -2 ) . (a) Identify the critical points of the function. ( 5. 8. -1) .edu/terms.1) . (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. ( 8. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums. (a) Identify the critical points of the function. 2 ) h¢ ( 5 ) = 0 h¢ ( x ) > 0 on ( 2. f ( t ) = t . ¥ ) 9. relative minimums or neither. 6 ) 10. ( 3. f ¢ (1) = 0 f ¢ ( x ) < 0 on f ¢ ( 3) = 0 ( -¥. ( 6.

h ( x ) = 5 x ( x + 7) ( 23.8 ) ) ( w + 2) 3 2 3 t2 .5sin ( 2 w) on [ -5. Answer each of the following questions. W ( z ) = 10 .edu/terms. R ( z ) = z + z . g ( x ) = 24 cos ( 3x ) + 8 x + 2 on [ -30.x 2 -3 x 25.math.4 x .2 z 18. f ( x ) = x + 54 x . Q ( w ) = 8w .Calculus I 3 2 13. 22] 20. P ( x ) = 5 .z ( 27.lamar.6 z + 5 2 3 4 17. g ( x ) = x . h ( z ) = z 2 .20 x .8 e3 .20 cos ( 2z ) on [ 0.24 w .t + sin ( 4t ) on éë. 32 ùû 19. h ( z ) = 1 .w2 ( 24. 25] 21.12 z .9 z . A ( t ) = ln t 2 + 5t + 8 ( ) 28.9 x .18w . h ( w ) = 9w . f ( t ) = t 2 .3 x 2 3 5 4 3 16.32 .7 15. f ( z ) = 6 z .10 5 4 3 14.4 1 x 3 . f ( x ) = e 3 ( ) 26. Q ( t ) = 7 . (a) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly one relative extrema? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 16 http://tutorial.aspx .0] 22.3 + ln 1 + x + x 2 ) 29.

so that h ( x ) will be a decreasing function and find a different set of increasing functions so that h ( x ) will be an increasing function. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 18 http://tutorial.edu/terms. For a function f ( x ) determine a single condition on f ( x ) for which h ( x ) = éë f ( x ) ùû will be an increasing function. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are increasing functions prove that h ( x ) = f g ( x ) will also be an increasing function. For a function f ( x ) determine a set of conditions on f ( x ) . Repeat #38 for h ( x ) = f ( x) . Note that there are several possible sets of conditions here.g ( x ) always be an increasing function? If so. (c) Given that f (1) = 6 and f ( 4 ) = -2 find a function that will have a relative maximum at x = 1 and a relative minimum at x = 4 .Calculus I (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. find increasing functions. Determine as many of these possible conditions as you can. 34. f ( x ) and g ( x ) . g ( x) ( ) 40. Note : There are many possible answers here so just give one of them.aspx . prove that h ( x ) will be an increasing function. 3 38. different from those given in #15 in the practice problems. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are increasing functions will h ( x ) = f ( x ) . but try to determine the “simplest” set of conditions. 2 37.g ( x ) will be an increasing function. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are positive functions. Given that f ( x ) is an increasing function. 36. for which h ( x ) = éë f ( x ) ùû will be an increasing function. If not.math. 39. 35. There are several possible conditions that we can impose on g ( x ) so that h ( x ) = f ( x ) . Determine a set of conditions on them for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) g ( x ) will be an increasing function.lamar.

For problems 3 – 5 the graph of the 2nd derivative of a function is given. 2.math. Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down. 1.edu/terms.Calculus I The Shape of a Graph.lamar. Part II For problems 1 & 2 the graph of a function is given.aspx . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 19 http://tutorial. From this graph determine the open intervals in which the function is concave up and concave down. 3.

5.aspx .math. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 20 http://tutorial.Calculus I 4.lamar.edu/terms.

1)( x + 3) 5 2 16.sin ( 2t ) on [ -2. A ( w ) = w2 . g ( x ) = 10 + 360 x + 20 x + 3x .12 10.18w + 108w . relative minimums or neither.ln w2 + 1 For problems 19 – 33 answer each of the following.x 4 5 6 11.84t + 35 8.2t . f ( x ) = 3cos ( 2 x ) . f ( x ) = x + 9 x + 24 x . (a) Identify the critical points of the function. h ( w ) = w e 2 -w ( ) 18.20 z + 40 z 5 4 3 4 3 2 9. h ( z ) = 3z .e. (a) Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down.120t . Q ( t ) = t .10] 2 2 12. (d) Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down.x .8 ) 3 1 15.x 17. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums. A ( x ) = 9 x .160sin ( x4 ) on [ -20.lamar.math.14 on [ 0.6 4 3 2 7.3 x .aspx . g ( x ) = ( x . f ( x ) = e 4x . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 21 http://tutorial. R ( v ) = v ( v . (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. (e) Determine the inflection points of the function.2w . 4] 2 14. g ( w ) = 5w . 3 2 6.edu/terms. (b) Determine the inflection points of the function. h ( t ) = 1 + 2t .Calculus I For problems 6 – 18 answer each of the following. 6] 13.

Answer each of the following questions.14 t 2 30. g ( z ) = 10 z + 10 z + 3z 6 5 4 23. g ( w ) = e .9 z + 20 z + 10 24.18w .9 3 4 5 22.27 ) 4 4w 6w 29. f ( z ) = z . Q ( t ) = 3t . g ( x ) = ( x + 1) e .30 x + 2 x 20.aspx . f ( w ) = 2 w . g ( x ) = 12 x + cos ( 13 x ) on [ -25. (b) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly three inflection points. h ( z ) = ln z 2 + z + 1 ( 33. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 22 http://tutorial. f ( x ) = 10 .lamar.4 ) 3 1 27. (a) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly two inflection points. G ( t ) = 14 + 4t . 0] 26. 4] 25. h ( x ) = x ( x . 2 3 19.x 3 ( ) 32. f ( t ) = t t2 +1 28. P ( t ) = 3te 31.8ln w2 + 4 ) 34. A ( z ) = z 5 ( z .math. h ( w ) = w + 4w .t 3 3 4 3 2 21.Calculus I (f) Use the information from steps (a) – (e) to sketch the graph of the function.e 1.5sin ( 2t ) on [ -1.edu/terms.

Given that f ( x ) is a concave up function. x = -1 and x = 3 . 37. The critical points are : x = 1 . The critical points are : x = -4 . if possible. 35. Determine a condition on g ( x ) for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) + g ( x ) will be a concave up function. f ¢¢ ( x ) = 3x . The critical points are : x = -3 . f ¢¢ ( x ) = 216 . (a) Determine the critical points for the function. The critical points are : x = -2 .Calculus I (c) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly n inflection points. If we define h ( x ) = f ( x ) + g ( x ) show that h ( x ) is a concave down function. relative maximums or neither. 41.60 x + 5 x . x = 0 and x = 5 .math. 3 2 38. Given the 2nd derivative of the function classify.24 x + 68 . (c) Use the 1st derivative test to classify the critical points as relative minimums. 42.lamar.edu/terms.4 x . If it is not possible to classify the critical point(s) clearly explain why they cannot be classified. 40. (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. 2 36. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 23 http://tutorial. If it is not possible to classify the critical point(s) clearly explain why they cannot be classified. Use f ( x ) = ( x + 1) 3 ( x .9 x .1) 4 for this problem.aspx . f ¢¢ ( x ) = 23 + 18 x . f ¢¢ ( x ) = 4 x . it is known that there is an inflection point at x = 3 . 2 3 2 3 4 39. (c) Given that f ( 0 ) = -6 and f ( 3) = 1 find a function that will have an inflection point at x = 3.15 . each of the given critical points as relative minimums or relative maximum.21x . For problems 36 – 39 f ( x ) is a polynomial. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are concave down functions. x = 4 and x = 5.4 x . For some function. Answer each of the following questions about this function.410 x + 249 x . (b) Use the 2nd derivative test to classify the critical points as relative minimums or relative maximums. x = 4 and x = 7 . (a) What is the simplest form that the 2nd derivative of this function? . f ( x ) .

that f ( 5 ) = 14 and that f ¢ ( x ) £ 10 . What is the smallest possible value for f ( -2 ) ? 10.8sin ( 2x ) on [ -3. Q ( z ) = 15 + 2 z . -1] .lamar.z on [ -2.math. -1] 9. For a function f ( x ) determine conditions on f ( x ) for which h ( x ) = éë f ( x ) ùû will be a concave up function.6t .aspx . Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ -6.1 on [1.3] 4. Note that there are several sets of conditions that can be used here. that f ( -6 ) = -23 and that f ¢ ( x ) ³ -4 .3 8. g ( t ) = 2t + t + 7t .edu/terms.et 2 -9 on [ -3.4 x + 3 on [ 0. What is the smallest possible value for f ( -1) ? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 24 http://tutorial. P ( t ) = e .9] For problems 5 – 8 determine all the number(s) c which satisfy the conclusion of the Mean Value Theorem for the given function and interval. h ( t ) = 1 . 4] 3 2 6. 4] 2 2.Calculus I 43. How many of them can you find? 2 The Mean Value Theorem For problems 1 – 4 determine all the number(s) c which satisfy the conclusion of Rolle’s Theorem for the given function and interval. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ -2. 6] 3 2 2t 7. f ( x ) = x . 4] 3. g ( w ) = 1 + cos [p w] on [5. f ( x ) = x . 3 2 1.5] . h ( x ) = 9 x .x + x + 8 on [ -3. 5.

math. What is the largest possible value for f ( 4 ) ? 12. Find two positive numbers such that the sum of one and the square of the other is 200 and whose product is a maximum.lamar. Find two positive numbers whose product is 400 and such that the sum of twice the first and three times the second is a minimum.aspx . that f ( 9 ) = 0 and that f ¢ ( x ) ³ 8 . Show that f ( x ) = x + 2 x + 3x + 14 x + 1 has exactly one real root.edu/terms. 3. 3 2 14. Let x and y be two positive numbers such that y ( x + 2 ) = 100 and whose sum is a minimum. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 25 http://tutorial.e -4 x has exactly one real root. 15. Find two positive numbers whose sum of twice the first and seven times the second is 600 and whose product is a maximum. 8. 6. 9. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ -3. 5. Find two positive numbers whose product is 250 and such that the sum of the first and four times the second is a minimum. 7. that f ( -3) = 7 and that f ¢ ( x ) £ -17 . What is the largest possible value for f (1) ? 7 5 3 13. Let x and y be two positive numbers such the sum is 175 and ( x + 3)( y + 4 ) is a maximum. We are going to fence in a rectangular field and have 200 feet of material to construct the fence. Determine the dimensions of the field that will enclose the maximum area. Show that f ( x ) = 6 x . Find a positive number such that the sum of the number and its reciprocal is a minimum. 4] .Calculus I 11.2 x + 4 x . Show that f ( x ) = 20 x . 2. 4. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [1.9] . Find two positive numbers whose sum of six times one of them and the second is 250 and whose product is a maximum. Optimization 1.3 has exactly one real root.

We want to build a box whose base length is twice the base width and the box will enclose 80 ft3. We have a piece of cardboard that is 30 cm by 16 cm and we are going to cut out the corners and fold up the sides to form a box. 20. Determine the dimensions of the box that will minimize the amount of material needed to construct the box. We have \$1000 to buy the materials to build a box whose base length is seven times the base width and has no top. 21. Show that a rectangle with a fixed perimeter and a maximum area is a square. the material for the bottom of the can costs \$7/mm2 and the material for the top of the can costs \$2/mm2. Determine the dimensions of the box that will maximize the enclosed volume. Determine the dimensions of the box that will minimize the cost. 18. We are going to fence in a rectangular field. 15. \$12/ft and \$14/ft respectively. If we have \$1000 to buy fencing material determine the dimensions of the field that will maximize the enclosed area. Determine the dimensions of the field that will require the least amount of fencing material to be used. The material for the wall of the can costs \$3/mm2. Determine the dimensions of the can that will minimize the cost of the materials needed to construct the can. 16.aspx . 14. Determine the height of the box that will give a maximum volume. 11.edu/terms. We want to construct a cylindrical can with a bottom but no top that will have a volume of 65 in3. 19. We have 350 m2 of material to build a box whose base width is four times the base length. We want to build a box whose base is a square.math. The cost of material of each side is \$6/ft. 17. has no top and will enclose 100 m3. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 26 http://tutorial. Determine the dimensions of the can that will minimize the amount of material needed to construct the can.lamar. \$9/ft. We are going to fence in a rectangular field that encloses 200 m2. We are going to fence in a rectangular field that encloses 75 ft2. The cost of the material of the sides is \$0. 13. 12. We want to construct a cylindrical can whose volume is 105 mm3. If the cost of the material for of one pair of parallel sides is \$3/ft and cost of the material for the other pair of parallel sides is \$8/ft determine the dimensions of the field that will minimize the cost to build the fence around the field.5/ft2 and the cost of the top/bottom is \$3/ft2. Show that a rectangle with a fixed area and minimum perimeter is a square.Calculus I 10. If the material for the sides cost \$10/cm2 and the material for the bottom cost \$15/cm2 determine the dimensions of the box that will maximize the enclosed volume.

If we have 75 inches of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 2. We want to construct a window whose bottom is a rectangle and the top of the window is an equilateral triangle. 1 inch margin on the right. We have a piece of cardboard that is 5 in by 20 in and we are going to cut out the corners and fold up the sides to form a box. What dimensions of the poser will give the largest printed area? More Optimization Problems 1. 0 ) . Find the point(s) on y = 2 . Determine the area of the largest rectangle that can be inscribed in a circle of radius 5. 4 36 8. 6. Determine the area of the largest rectangle whose base is on the x-axis and the top two corners lie y = 4 . 5.math.8 that are closest to ( 5. -3) . Determine the area of the largest rectangle whose base is on the x-axis and the top two corners lie on semicircle of radius 16. A printer needs to make a poster that will have a total of 125 in2 that will have ½ inch margin on the bottom. 9. A printer needs to make a poster that will have a total of 500 cm2 that will have 3 cm margins on the sides and 2 cm margins on the top and bottom. Find the point(s) on x2 y 2 + = 1 that are closest to ( 0.lamar. What dimensions of the poser will give the largest printed area? 24.1) .edu/terms. Find the point(s) on x = y 2 .Calculus I 22. We want to construct a window whose middle is a rectangle and the top and bottom of the window are equilateral triangles. 23. 7. Determine the height of the box that will give a maximum volume. If we have 1500 cm of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 4. the top of the window is a semicircle and the bottom of the window is an equilateral triangle.aspx .x 2 that are closest to ( 0.x 2 . If we have 4 feet of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 3. 2 inch margin on the left and 4 inch margin on the top. We want to construct a window whose middle is a rectangle. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 27 http://tutorial.

are 40 meters apart. if anywhere. 16. What is the longest pipe (always keeping it horizontal) that can be carried around the turn in the hallway? 17. 12.? 20. Determine the equation of the line that will minimize the area of this triangle. if anywhere. Two poles.math. 11. Determine where. one 2 feet tall and one 5 feet tall. if anywhere. Two poles. Determine where. Determine where. if anywhere. At the end of the hallway there is a right-angled turn and the hallway narrows down to 6 feet wide. One piece is bent into a circle and the other will be bent into a rectangle with one side three times the length of the other side. A 250 cm piece of wire is cut into two pieces. A piece of pipe is being carried down a hallway that is 14 feet wide.aspx . A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. A 4 m piece of wire is cut into two pieces. 15. one 15 meters tall and one 10 meters tall. A line through the point ( 3. the wire should be cut to minimize the area enclosed by the two figures. Where should the wire be staked so that the angle formed by the two pieces of wire at the stake is a maximum? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 28 http://tutorial. Determine where.edu/terms. A 250 cm piece of wire is cut into two pieces. One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into circle. Where should the wire be staked so that the minimum amount of wire is used? 19. Where should the wire be staked so that the minimum amount of wire is used. 13. What is the longest pipe (always keeping it horizontal) that can be carried around the turn in the hallway? 18. one 15 meters tall and one 10 meters tall. are 40 meters apart.lamar. the wire should be cut to minimize the area enclosed by the two figures. One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into circle. are 3 feet apart. A 6 ft piece of wire is cut into two pieces.3) forms a right triangle with the x-axis and y-axis in the 1st quadrant. Determine the equation of the line that will minimize the area of this triangle. Two poles. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. A piece of pipe is being carried down a hallway that is 9 feet wide. One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into a rectangle with one side twice the length of the other side.Calculus I 10. 14. the wire should be cut to maximize the area enclosed by the two figures. the wire should be cut to maximize the area enclosed by the two figures. A line through the point ( -4. At the end of the hallway there is a right-angled turn and the hallway widens up to 21 feet wide.1) forms a right triangle with the x-axis and y-axis in the 2nd quadrant.

2 x2 .7t 2 + 16t . A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. are 3 feet apart. Determine the angle q that will maximize the amount of water that the trough can hold. Two poles. one 34 inches tall and one 17 inches tall.Calculus I 21. lim t ®2 t 4 .32 x ®-4 x 3 + 5 x 2 + 4 x 1. lim sin ( 6t ) sin (11t ) 4. x 3 + 6 x 2 . lim w®-¥ 4 + e -3 w 3. Determine the angle q that will maximize the amount of water that the trough can hold. Where should the wire be staked so that the angle formed by the two pieces of wire at the stake is a maximum? 22. A trough for holding water is to be formed as shown in the figure below.5 x + 6 t ®0 x ®1 t 3 .4t 3 + 4t 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 29 http://tutorial. A trough for holding water is to be formed as shown in the figure below.math. lim x2 + 8x . lim e -6 w 2.edu/terms.12 5. 23.aspx .lamar. Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule Use L’Hospital’s Rule to evaluate each of the following limits.9 x3 .

lim w®-¥ 3w2 + 7 w .4 x 2 .4 w + 1 6.2 x ® 0 sin ( 2 x ) . lim 2 cos ( 4 x ) .e6 y y ®¥ 4 y 2 + e 7 y 7. lim 3e 2 x + 6 + x 2 . lim ê x sin ç ÷ ú x ®¥ x ë 2 16.edu/terms.math. lim ò 11.aspx .x 2 .12 x ®-3 x 3 + 6 x 2 + 9 x 9. lim x t2 0 e dt x x ®0 é 2 öù øû æ è 12.2 x 8. lim sin ( p z ) z ® 6 ln ( z . lim+ éëln ( t ) sin ( t ) ùû t ®0 2 14. lim+ é z 2 ( ln z ) ù z ®0 ë 17.lamar.4 y 2 .5 ) 10. lim z e z z ®-¥ é æ 7 öù è øû 15. lim ê w ln ç1 ÷ w®¥ 3w ú ë 13.Calculus I w2 . lim+ x û 1 x x ®0 18. lim+ éëet + t ùû t ®0 1 t © 2007 Paul Dawkins 30 http://tutorial.

Find the linear approximation to h ( x ) = e at x = 1 .aspx .math. Find the linear approximation to R ( t ) = 5 t at t = 32 . 6. Use the linear approximation to -4 approximate the value of e and e .h) = f ¢( x) 2h 21.h) = f ¢¢ ( x ) h2 Linear Approximations For problems 1 – 4 find a linear approximation to the function at the given point. h ( z ) = ln z + 5 at z = 2 2 3 3.x 7. Compare the approximated values to the exact values.Calculus I 19. Compare the approximated values to the exact values.3x . 1. lim éëe -2 x .9 x . f ( x ) = cos ( 2 x ) at x = p ( ) 2 2. Use L’Hospital’s Rule to show that. 1. Use the linear approximation to approximate the value of sin ( 2 ) and sin (15 ) .f ( x .2 f ( x) + f ( x . Use the linear approximation to approximate the value of 5 31 and 5 3 . Use L’Hospital’s Rule to show that. lim h ®0 f ( x + h) . g ( x ) = 2 . Compare the approximated values to the exact values. lim h ®0 f ( x + h) . Find the linear approximation to h ( y ) = sin ( y + 1) at y = 0 .lamar. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 31 http://tutorial.edu/terms. g ( t ) = e sin ( t ) at t = -4 5. Suppose that we know that f ¢ ( x ) is a continuous function. Suppose that we know that f ¢¢ ( x ) is a continuous function.x at x = -1 4.3 x ùû x ®¥ 1 x 20.

Compute dy and Dy for y = x e 4 as x changes from -10 to -9. g ( z ) = sin ( 3z ) . 9. The sides of a cube are found to be 6 feet in length with a possible error of no more than 1.aspx .lamar.cos (1 . 8.edu/terms.9 10. Compute dy and Dy for y = sin ( x ) as x changes from 6 radians to 6.x 5. 8. f ( x ) = 3x . ln (1. sec ( 0. 7.math. What is the maximum possible error in the surface area of the cube if we use this value of the length of the side to compute the surface area? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 32 http://tutorial.9 x . u = t cos ( 2t ) cos( z ) 3.02.99.4 2 2.1.1) Differentials For problems 1 – 5 compute the differential of the given function. Compute dy and Dy for y = 1 as x changes from 3 to 3.1) 9. x-2 1x 8. R ( x ) = 4 6 x + e . 6 3 2 1. y = e 4.05 radians.5 inches.Calculus I For problems 8 – 10 estimate the given value using a linear approximation and without using any kind of computational aid.z ) 5. Compute dy and Dy for y = ln x 2 + 1 as x changes from -2 to -2. ( ) 6.8 x + x .

x 0 = -1 2. 3 1. The radius of a sphere is found to be ½ foot in length with a possible error of no more than 0. x0 = 5 For problems 4 – 8 use Newton’s Method to find the root of the given equation. 4.math. What is the maximum possible error in the volume of the sphere if we use this value of the radius to compute the volume? 12. f ( x ) = 7 . e = 4 cos ( x ) in [ -1.1] 8.04 cm. accurate to six decimal places. The radius of a circle is found to be 7 cm in length with a possible error of no more than 0.Calculus I 10. f ( x ) = 7 x . What is the maximum possible error in the surface area of the sphere if we use this value of the radius to compute the surface area? Newton’s Method For problems 1 – 3 use Newton’s Method to determine x 2 for the given function and given value of x 0 . f ( x ) = cos ( 3x ) .sin ( x ) . x 5 = 6 in [1. x 0 = 0 3.4 x 3 .07 cm.1] 6.aspx . x 2 = e 2 .12 x .8 x + 4 .3 x 4 = 0 in [ -3. that lies in the given interval. -1] x 7. The radius of a sphere is found to be 22 cm in length with a possible error of no more than 0. What is the maximum possible error in the area of the circle if we use this value of the radius to compute the area? 11. 2] 5.x in [ 0. 2 x 3 .e 2 x -3 . 3 .edu/terms.lamar. 2] 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 33 http://tutorial.9 x 2 + 17 x + 20 = 0 in [ -1.03 inches.

Is it possible to use x 0 = 4 as the initial point? What can you conclude about using Newton’s Method to approximate roots from this example? 14. 000.edu/terms.lamar. 2 x 3 + 5 x 2 . Suppose that we want to find the root to x 3 . in dollars.7 x 2 + 8 x .x = cos ( x ) 2 12. Did you get the root you expected to? (e) What can you conclude about choosing values of x 0 to find roots of equations using Newton’s Method.7 x 3 + 3 x . 2 for this problem.9] . A company can produce a maximum of 2500 widgets in a year. P ( x ) = 500.e . 000 x + 1450 x 2 .4 = 0 10. is given by.1 = 0 accurate to six decimal places. x + 4 x . Use x 0 = 0 to find one of the roots of 2 x 5 .aspx .Calculus I For problems 9 – 12 use Newton’s Method to find all the roots of the given equation accurate to six decimal places. 3 2 3 2 .92 x + 105 = 0 4 11.math. If they sell x widgets during the year then their profit.54 x .3 = 0 . Did you get the root you expected to? (d) Use x 0 = 6 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places. Use the function f ( x ) = cos ( x ) . Did you get the root you expected to? (c) Use x 0 = 5 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places. ln ( x ) = 2 cos ( x ) 13. 9.540. 15. (b) Use x 0 = 4 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places.10 x .sin ( x ) (a) Plot the function on the interval [ 0.13 x3 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 34 http://tutorial. Did we chose a good value of x 0 for this problem? Business Applications 1. 000 .1.

P ( x ) = 3000 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 35 http://tutorial.Calculus I How many widgets should they try to sell in order to maximize their profit? 2.3x + 2 x 2 + 0. per week of producing x widgets is given by. per day of producing x widgets is given by. The production costs. in dollars. 000 + 14 x - 8. C ( x ) = 2000 + 4 x + 90. The production costs.edu/terms. The production costs. A company can produce a maximum of 25 widgets in a day. If they sell x widgets during the day then their profit. 000 + 2736 5 x .13 x3 How many widgets should they try to sell in order to maximize their profit? 3. 000 x If the company can produce at most 200 widgets how many should they produce to minimize the production costs? 5. landscaping etc. They know that if the complex contains x apartments the maintenance costs for the building.002 x 3 What is the marginal cost when x = 20 and x = 75 ? What do your answers tell you about the production costs? 6. C ( x ) = 400 . in dollars.50 x + 150 x The land they have purchased can hold a complex of at most 400 apartments. The production costs of producing x widgets is given by. per month of producing x widgets is given by. 000 x2 What is the marginal cost when x = 80 and x = 150 ? What do your answers tell you about the production costs? 7. A management company is going to build a new apartment complex.math. C ( x ) = 10. is given by. How many apartments should the complex have in order to minimize the maintenance costs? 4.lamar. will be.aspx . in dollars. 000.40 x + 11x 2 . in dollars. 3 211 2 1 C ( x ) = 70.

marginal revenue and marginal profit when x = 175 and x = 325 ? What do these numbers tell you about the cost. revenue and profit? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 36 http://tutorial.0.math.aspx . revenue and profit? 8.0. per week of producing x widgets is given by.001x 2 What is the marginal cost. The production costs.05 x .5 x What is the marginal cost. in dollars. 000 + 4 x + 0. p ( x ) = 5000 .Calculus I C ( x ) = 65.2 x 2 .lamar.0.008 x 2 + 56. p ( x ) = 350 .edu/terms.0. C ( x ) = 800 + 0. marginal revenue and marginal profit when x = 2000 and x = 4800 ? What do these numbers tell you about the cost.00002 x 3 and the demand function for the widgets is given by. 000 x and the demand function for the widgets is given by.