M+ arah a (lx) 3.

093 kNm
M+ arah b (ly) 2.865 kNm
M- arah a (tx) 6.526 kNm
M- arah b (ty) 6.726 kNm
E. Perencanaan Tulangan Pelat Lantai
Data teknis :
Mutu beton (fc’)

= 30

MPa

Mutu baja tulangan (fy)

= 240

MPa

Es

= 200000

MPa

Baja tulangan pokok

= Ø12

Baja tulangan bagi

= Ø12

Tebal Pelat Lantai

= 120

mm

Tebal Pelat Atap

= 100

mm

Momen Positif
1. Perhitungan tinggi Efektif (d)
Tebal pelat (h) = 120 mm, selimut tulangan (ds) = 20 mm, ø= 10 mm
Tinggi efektif arah a (da) = h – ds – ½ .øtul = 120 – 20 – ½ . 12 = 94 mm
Tinggi efektif arah b (db) = h - ds - øtul - ½ .øtul = 120 – 20 – 12 – ½ . 12 = 82 m

Gambar Skema tulangan pelat atap

2. Perhitungan luas, Jarak dan pengecekan kapasitas tulangan
Tulangan Lapangan
Momen positif arah a (arah terpendek) M+lx : [ Mu terbesar = 3,093 kNm]
a. Pemilihan rasio tulangan (ρperlu) :
?? ??
3,093? 106
Rn = 2 =
=
2 0.8 ? 1000 ?94 2 = 0,552
?.?? ø?.??

m=
ρ

??

240
=
= 9,411
0,85.??′ 0.85 ? 30
1

= ? 1- √1 −

2?.??
??

=

1
9,411

1- √1 −

2? 13,607 ? 0.625
240

= 2,23 x 10-3

(4.83 x 10-3x 1000 x 94 = 548. (94 – 5.02 =206.319/2) = 12388923.fy a= ?? .85 = 6.?.319 .75. Mn = 0. 600 + ?? =0.?.5. Perhitungan luas.85.258 . Pemilihan luas (As) dan jarak (s) untuk tulangan tiap lebar pelat (b): Tulangan pokok : As = ρ .04 tulangan telah leleh (fs = fy = 240 Mpa ) Mn = Cc .ɸ2??? ) = ?????ℎ 1 = 1000.(4. 12. Jarak dan pengecekan kapasitas tulangan Momen positif arah b (arah terpanjang) M+ly : [ Mu terbesar = 2.2 mm2 > As 200 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul =1 565. 30 .4 = = 5.093 KN OK Untuk tulangan pada plat atap momen positif dipilih tulangan diameter 12 mm jarak 200 mm 3.(4.ρmin= 1.258 6.85.1000 = 5. 0.? = 565.da = 5.4 1. 600 600+240 =0.122 ) 548. b .034 ρperlu = ρmin = 5.85 240 .85.?. f’c .85 .2 ⁄4π122 OK = 5 buah c.2 .20.83 x 10-3 240 ?? ρmax= 0. 0.75.047 Nmm Mr = ø .8 .269 mm smaks ≤ ( 2h = 2.83 x 10-3 b.003=0.85 . 5.ɛ = = 1.319 / 0.0.319 mm c = a / ?1 = 5. 240 0.911 kN > 3.85 . (d – ½ a) = 135634. Kontrol kapasitas tulangan Cc = Ts ≈ 0.?? 0.258 mm Cc = 0.a .269 mm ≈ 200 mm 1 As pilih ?.0. f’c .ɸ2??? ) ?? 1 = 1000. b = As .865 kNm] .(4.a .388923047 KN = 9.?′ ?.120 = 240 ) spilih= 206.30.85.2 x 10-3 94−6. b = 0.02 mm2 1 s= ?. 1000 = 135634.?1 ?? ρ≤ ρmin≤ ρmax 600 .5 N ɛ? = ɛs = ?? ?? = ?−? ɛs > ɛy ? 240 200000 .122 ) =565.75.?? ′ .?.

411 0.85.122 ) =565.83 x 10-3 b.fy a= ?? . f’c .a .85 . 240 0.?? ′ .2 x 10-3 82−6.455 mm ≈ 200 mm 1 As pilih ?.532 ?.ɸ2??? ) ?? 1 = 1000.?1 ?? ρmin≤ ρ≤ ρmax 600 .85 .(4.2 mm2 > As 200 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul =1 565.(4.?.0. 30 .a. b = As .ɸ2??? ) = ?????ℎ 1 = 1000.75. 1 = ?? 1.003=0. 600 600+240 =0.85.ɛ = = 1. Pemilihan luas (As) dan jarak (s) untuk tulangan tiap lebar pelat (b): Tulangan pokok : As = ρ .85. f’c .4 = ?? ρmax= 0. 1000 = 135634.319 . Kontrol kapasitas tulangan Cc = Ts ≈ 0.a .06 mm2 1 s= ?.30.√1 − 9.06 =236.258 .8 ? 1000 ?822 ?? 240 = = 9.411 ? 0.532 240 = 2.?. 0.? = 565.85 = 6.?? = ? 1.85.?? ø?.?′ ?.319 / 0.?.db = 5.2 .83 x 10-3x 1000 x 82 = 478.(4.036 tulangan telah leleh (fs = fy = 240 Mpa ) OK = 5 buah .411 2? 9.319 mm c = a / ?1 = 5. b = 0. b .(4.4 = 5.455 mm smaks ≤ ( 2h = 2.1000 = 5.30.85 .048 ρperlu = ρmin = 5.5 N ɛ? = ɛs = ?? ?? = ?−? ɛs > ɛy ? 240 200000 .2 ⁄4π122 c.?.258 mm Cc = 0.83 x 10-3 240 0.85.24 x 10-3 1.865 ? 106 Rn = 2 = = = 0.0.??′ 0.122 ) 478. 5.85 ? 30 m= ρ 1 2?.120 = 240 ) spilih= 236. Pemilihan rasio tulangan (ρperlu) : ?? ?? 2.75.85 240 .√1 − ρmin= 1. 600 + ?? =0.258 6.?? 0.??2 0.

Jarak dan pengecekan kapasitas tulangan Tulangan Tumpuan Momen negatif arah a (arah terpendek) M-lx : [ Mu terbesar = 6.30.?? ø?. Mn = 0.√1 − ρmin= 1.75.5 . (82 – 5. ø= 10 mm Tinggi efektif arah a (da) = h – ds – ½ .83 x 10-3 b.85 ? 30 1 = ? 1.8 ? 1000 ?94 2 = 0. Pemilihan luas (As) dan jarak (s) untuk tulangan tiap lebar pelat (b): Tulangan pokok : As = ρ .75. Pemilihan rasio tulangan (ρperlu) : ?? ?? 6. b . (d – ½ a) = 135634.83 x 10-3x 1000 x 94 = 548.85.½ .761309 KN = 8.256 ? 106 Rn = 2 = = 2 0.da = 5.048 ρperlu = ρmin = 5.?? m= ρ ?? 240 = = 9.411 0.øtul = 120 – 20 – ½ .85. 600 600 + ?? =0.øtul = 120 – 20 – 12 – ½ . 12 = 82 m Gambar Skema tulangan pelat atap 2.85.4 = 5.?? ?? 1 = 9. selimut tulangan (ds) = 20 mm.8 .ds .Mn = Cc .√1 − 2? 9.02 mm2 .411 ? 0.526 kNm] a. Perhitungan tinggi Efektif (d) Tebal pelat (h) = 120 mm.093 kN OK Untuk tulangan pada plat atap momen positif dipilih tulangan diameter 12 mm jarak 200 mm Momen Negatif 1. 0.85 240 .?? ′ .83 x 10-3 240 0.411 1.609 kN > 3.047 Nmm Mr = ø . 10.øtul . 12 = 94 mm Tinggi efektif arah b (db) = h . 600 600+240 =0.923 240 = 3. Perhitungan luas.319 /2) = 10761309.0.4 ?? = ρmax= 0.923 ?. 2?.?1 ρmin≤ ρ≤ ρmax ?? .??′ 0.9 x 10-3 1.

122 ) = 200 = 565.(4. 30 .02 =206.5. 565.ɸ2??? ) ?????ℎ 1 1000.269 mm smaks ≤ ( 2h = 2.319 .04 mm As = 0.319/2) = 12388923.(4.04 tulangan telah leleh (fs = fy = 240 Mpa ) Mn = Cc .?.2 mm2 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul =1 565.122 ) 240 = 471 mm smaks ≤ ( 5h = 5.1 s= ?. 120 = 240 mm Dipilih yang besar As = 240 mm 1 4 ?. Kontrol kapasitas tulangan Cc = Ts ≈ 0.122 ) =565.319 mm c = a / ?1 = 5.(4.258 mm Cc = 0.?. (94 – 5.258 .120 = 600) Dipilih yang terkecil s = 240 mm = 200 mm 1 As pilih = ?.ɛ = = 1. 1000 . 5.?.ɸ2??? ) ?? 1 1000. 240 0.8 .388923047 KN = 9.30.2 = 113. 1000 = 135634.? = 565.fy a= ?? .5 N ɛ? = ɛs = ?? ?? = ?−? ɛs > ɛy ? 240 200000 .003=0.2 ⁄4π122 OK = 5 buah As = 20 % As pilih = 20% .?.(4.?.a .0018 .122 ) = 548.911 kN > 6. b = As .( .258 6.ɸ2??? ) Jarak antar tulangan (s) = ?? = 1 4 1000.?.a . (d – ½ a) = 135634.0018.526 kN OK .85.(4.2 mm2 > As 200 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul Tulangan Bagi : =1 565.?. Mn = 0.85.85 . f’c . 12.?? 0.120 = 240 ) spilih= 206.85 = 6.ɸ2??? ) = ?????ℎ 1 = 1000.2 x 10-3 94−6.269 mm ≈ 200 mm 1 As pilih ?. f’c .047 Nmm Mr = ø .1000 = 5.85 .b.0.2 . b = 0.2 ⁄4π122 = 5 buah c.319 / 0.?.(4.h = 0.( .?′ ?.85 .

25 ?.06 =236.?.04 mm As = 0.?? ø?.30.25 240 = 5. Pemilihan rasio tulangan (ρperlu) : ?? ?? 6.4 = 5.8 ? 1000 ? 822 m= ρ ?? 240 = = 9.(4.34 x 10-3 1.(4.726 ? 106 Rn = 2 = = = 1.85.ɸ2??? ) ?? 1 = 1000.122 ) =565. 120 = 240 mm Dipilih yang besar As = 240 mm 1 Jarak antar tulangan (s) = ?.85 240 .?? ′ .(4. 1000 .85.??2 0.75.db = 5. b .ɸ2??? ) smaks ≤ ( 5h = 5.ɸ2??? ) = ?????ℎ 1 = 1000.2 mm2 > As 200 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul Tulangan Bagi : =1 565.83 x 10-3x 1000 x 82 = 478. 600 600 + ?? =0.2 = 113.?.411 0.(4. 1 = ?? 9.120 = 240 ) spilih= 236.2 ⁄4π122 OK = 5 buah As = 20 % As pilih = 20% .411 ? 1.Untuk tulangan pada plat atap momen negatif dipilih tulangan diameter 12 mm jarak 200 mm Momen negative arah b (arah terpanjang) M-ly : [ Mu terbesar = 6.√1 − 2? 9.?? = ? 1.83 x 10-3 240 0.?.122 ) 240 = 471 mm .455 mm smaks ≤ ( 2h = 2.(4.??′ 0. Pemilihan luas (As) dan jarak (s) untuk tulangan tiap lebar pelat (b): Tulangan pokok : As = ρ .(4. 565.06 mm2 1 s= ?.83 x 10-3 b.0018 . 600 600+240 =0.75.411 1.0018.?1 ?? ρmin≤ ρ≤ ρmax .b.85 ? 30 1 2?. 0.048 ρperlu = ρmin = 5.726 kNm] a.85.0.?.122 ) 478.120 = 600) ?? 1 = 1000.h = 0.√1 − ρmin= 1.?.4 = ?? ρmax= 0.455 mm ≈ 200 mm 1 As pilih ?.?.

5. b = 0.047 Nmm Mr = ø .2 x 10-3 82−6.2 .85 = 6. b = As .85.2 mm2 ASPilih Banyak tulangan yang dipakai D12-200 = 1 ⁄4π∅2tul =1 565.85.003=0.Dipilih yang terkecil s = 240 mm = 200 mm As pilih = 1 4 ?.319/2) = 10761309.2 ⁄4π122 = 5 buah c.1000 = 5.8 .258 mm Cc = 0. Kontrol kapasitas tulangan Cc = Ts ≈ 0.?. 30 .122 ) = 200 = 565. 10. f’c .a .ɸ2??? ) ?????ℎ 1 4 1000.0.?.258 6. (82 – 5.? = 565.85 .5 N ɛ? = ɛs = ?? ?? = ?−? ɛs > ɛy ? 240 200000 .( .5 .036 tulangan telah leleh (fs = fy = 240 Mpa ) Mn = Cc .319 / 0.258 .319 mm c = a / ?1 = 5. (d – ½ a) = 135634.609 kN > 6.?′ ?.85 . f’c .fy a= ?? .726 kN OK Untuk tulangan pada plat atap momen negatif dipilih tulangan diameter 12 mm jarak 200 mm .761309047 KN = 8.ɛ = = 1.a .85 .( . 240 0.30. Mn = 0. 1000 = 135634.?? 0.319 .