Instituto Polit´ecnico Nacional

Unidad Profesional Interdsciplinaria de Ingenier´ıa Campus Guanajuato
(ALU) 15E DAVID GONZALEZ RAMOS
C´alculo Vectorial
16B CV AS Tarea2doDep. Fecha de Entrega: 10/21/2016 at 08:30am CDT.

1. (1 pt)
Match the equation with its graph labeled A-H. You may click
on any image to get a larger view.

C.

A.
D.

B.
1

Just take your time.D. All of the xy-plane B. you may click on the thumbnail image to produce a larger image in a new window (sometimes exactly on top of the old one). so comparing with the graphs there may help. y = x2 − z2 6.D. x2 + 2z2 = 1 C D Answer(s) submitted: • A • D • B • C (correct) Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • • B 4. f (x.Match the functions with the graphs labeled A . The union of two intervals D. 1. y2 = x2 + 2z2 3. y) = A. x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 = 1 2. y) = 1/(1 + x2 + y2 ) 4. y) = (x2 − y2 )2 F. y) = 3 − x2 − y2 f (x. you may click on the thumbnail image to produce a larger image in a new window (sometimes exactly on top of the old one). As always. process of elimination will help with ones that are not obvious. A 1. f (x. (1 pt) Match the functions with their contour plots labeled A . y) = (x − y)2 A B C D Answer(s) submitted: • D • A • C • B E. f (x. y) = (x − y)2 f (x. y = 2x2 + z2 5. y) = 3 − x2 − y2 3. 9x2 + 4y2 + z2 = 1 4. The area inside a parabola (correct) Answer(s) submitted: • B 2. 2. f (x. 3. (1 pt) D E C A F B The domain of the function f (x. (correct) 3. 1. The first and third quadrants E. 4. f (x. Most of these functions appear in the previous problem. The first quadrant C. (1 pt) 2 √ √ x + y is . y) = (x2 − y2 )2 2. As always. y) = 1/(1 + x2 + y2 ) f (x.

C. z = p 2x2 + 3y2 7. z = 2x p + 3y 2. The trace for x = −0. y) = 4 − 3x2 − y2 3. f (x. Compute the following = = = = = = A Answer(s) submitted: Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • • • • • (incorrect) 3 B C D . a collection of equally spaced concentric circles B. z = (25 − x2 − y2 ) 3. 1) f (0. (1 pt) The domain of the function f (x. 3x+5y x2 +y2 −4 8. (1 pt) Match the surfaces with the verbal description of the level curves by placing the letter of the verbal description to the left of the number of the surface. f (x.(correct) • (incorrect) 5. 1. z = x−1 6. z = xy 4. −4) f (t. f (x. a collection of unequally spaced parallel lines C. (1 pt) Consider the function • • • • • • • 1 − xy2 . y) = xy2 − 8. E. (1 pt) The graphs below show level sets for six different functions. 0) f (3. B. y) = y2 − 3x 4. −4) f (−4. 4 Which graph below corresponds to the following traces: 1. D. 5t) f (uv. is The area inside a circle (including the circle) The union of two intervals The first quadrant The area inside a circle (not including the circle) All the xy-plane except a circle Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 6. (1 pt) Suppose values: f (1.3 3. z = (x2 + y2 ) A. y) = A. 1. two straight lines and a collection of hyperbolas F. y) = 3y − x2 2. z = x2 + y2 1 5.4 2. u − v) A f (x. The trace for x = −1. f (x. where the red areas represent the the lowest heights and the purple areas are the highest heights.5 4. a collection of unequally spaced concentric circles B C D E F Match the following functions with the proper graphs above. The trace for x = 0. y) = (incorrect) 7. The trace for x = 1. a collection of equally spaced parallel lines D. a collection of concentric ellipses E.3 f (x. y) = x2 + 3y2 Answer(s) submitted: • • • • (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: 9.

{(x. The trace for x = −0. lim (incorrect) 15. plus the circle B. (1 pt) (incorrect) The largest set on which the funtion f (x. (1 pt) 2x2 The largest set on which the function f (x.2) xy cos(x + 6y) (Enter ’DNE’ if the limit does not exist) Answer(s) submitted: Answer(s) submitted: • • (incorrect) (incorrect) 4 √ x+y − .13. The exterior of the circle x2 + y2 = 11 C. if they exist. All of the xy-plane D.0) 2x2 + 3y2 1) Along the x-axis: 2) Along the y-axis: 3) Along the line y = mx : 4) The limit is: Answer(s) submitted: • • • • Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 16. The trace for x = −1. (1 pt) Find the limit lim (x.0) 36x2 + y2 Which graph below corresponds to the following traces: lim 1.y)→(0.3 2. y) = √ x − y is continuous is A. (1 pt) D E F Find the limit (enter ’DNE’ if the limit does not exist) Hint: rationalize the denominator. or type DNE for any which do not exist. (1 pt) 10.y)→(0. y)| − x < y < x} E. {(x. Find the limit (enter ’DNE’ if the limit does not exist) (6x + y)2 (x. All of the xy-plane except the circle x2 + y2 = 11 E. y) = 1/(11 − x2 − y2 ) is continuous is A. y)|x ≥ y} 12. y)| − x ≤ y ≤ x} B. The trace for x = 1 3. the whole xy-plane C.y)→(−12. (1 pt) Find the limits. The interior of the circle x2 + y2 = 11. The interior of the circle x2 + y2 = 11 (x.9 A B 1) Along the x-axis: 2) Along the y-axis: 3) Along the line y = x : 4) The limit is: Answer(s) submitted: • • • • C (incorrect) 14. {(x. (1 pt) Consider the function f (x. (7x2 + 3y2 ) lim p (x. {(x. y) = − (x + 2y) .y)→(0.0) (7x2 + 3y2 + 1) − 1 Answer(s) submitted: • • • Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 11. y)| − x < y ≤ x} D.

−4) = Find the partial derivatives of the function p w = 4r2 + 5s2 + 1t 2 ∂w ∂r ∂w ∂s ∂w ∂t C. (1 pt) (x. (1 pt) Find the first partial derivatives of f (x. y. y) = (3. -7). y) = fy (x. 3) as we change x but hold y fixed is . and The rate of change in z at (2. −7) = B. y) = fy (x. z) = z arctan( xy ) at the point (5. −4) = B. fy (−7. and The rate of change in z at (4. √ if it exists. Then: The rate of change in z at (4. A. y) = • • • • Answer(s) submitted: • • (incorrect) (incorrect) 19. (1 pt) fx (x. = = = ∂f ∂z (5. 5. 3). (1 pt) Find the first partial derivatives of f (x. y) = sin(x − y) at the point (-7. y) = fyx (x. 3) = ∂x ∂f (3. (1 pt) Find the first partial derivatives of x − 2y at the point (x. 3) as we change x but hold y fixed is . Then: The rate of change in z at (2. (1 pt) 23. 5. A. (1 pt) Let z = cos 5y2 − 3x . fx (−7. (1 pt) Let z = x + y. y) = fxy (x.4) Answer(s) submitted: • Find the partial derivatives of the function f (x. 3) as we change y but hold x fixed is . y) = Find the partial derivatives of the function −2x − 3y f (x. lim e 3x2 +3y2 (incorrect) = 22. ∂∂yf (5. −4) = Answer(s) submitted: • • • Answer(s) submitted: • • • (incorrect) √ 24. y) = −1x − 6y Answer(s) submitted: fx (x. 21. -4). or type N if it does not exist. (incorrect) 20. 3) = ∂y Answer(s) submitted: • • Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 5 . (1 pt) Find the limit.y)→(−4. −7) = Answer(s) submitted: • • Answer(s) submitted: • • (incorrect) (incorrect)  25. 3) as we change y but hold x fixed is . ∂∂xf (5.• 17. y) = xye−6y (incorrect) 18. y) = x + 2y ∂f (3. f (x. 5. 5.

Thus Ds V = DhV = = = End result (in terms of just t): dz dt = fy (x. Then ∂2 f = ∂x∂y = ∂3 f ∂x2 ∂y = ∂z ∂s 2 and ∂z ∂t . (1 pt) Let f (x. z) = ∂3 f ∂x∂y∂x = = 32. y. In that situation it is important to be aware with respect to which variable we differentiate. y2 +6z2 Then fx (x. y = 5s + 6t First the pieces: ∂z ∂x = ∂x ∂s ∂y ∂s ∂z ∂y ∂x ∂t ∂y ∂t = = = = = And putting it all together: ∂z ∂s = ∂z ∂t = Answer(s) submitted: • • • (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • • • • 29. (1 pt) Use the chain rule to find . w = −3xy − 5yz − 2xz. z) = x2 −4y2 . Then: z = x2 y + xy2 . (1 pt) Use the chain rule to find 7 28. z) = Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • fz (x. where y = −4 + t 4 = First the pieces: Answer(s) submitted: • • ∂z ∂x ∂z ∂y dx dt dy dt (incorrect) 27. z = t 2 Answer(s) submitted: Compute ∂w (−5. (1 pt) Let and . the volume of a square box width s and height h is given (incorrect) V = s2 h. −5) = ∂s ∂w (−5. z) = Answer(s) submitted: • • • (incorrect) (incorrect) 31. there may be more variables floating around than the one with respect to which we differentiate. x = st. (1 pt) Let f (x. x = 3s + 4t. y. y) = (2x − y) . (1 pt) As discussed in class. y = est . y. where z = x2 + xy + y . y. For example.26. (1 pt) Let z = 3ex ∂z = ∂x ∂z ∂y 4 y3 30. x = 5 − t 2. dz dt . −5) = ∂t • • (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: 6 .

“3x . 1) = ∂z ∂t (−2. 3). and z in meters. 1. e. 1. where T is measured in degrees Celsius and x. P = (1. Find the numerical values of ∂z ∂s and ∂t when (s. z = 2 + cos (4t). .t) = (−2. 5. 4). Use the chain rule to find ∂s ∂t as functions of x.4y” B.g. (1 pt) Find the maximum rate of change of f (x. y. Your answer should be an expression in x. and t. y. (1 pt) Let f (x. z) = xy + yz . Answer(s) submitted: • • • • (incorrect) 33. x = e5t . and z in terms of t.z) is given by T (x. and the rate of increase in that direction is . Answer(s) submitted: • • Answer(s) submitted: (incorrect) • • • • 39. and t. −1) is . . Maximum rate of change: Direction (unit vector) in which it occurs: i h h Find the rate of change of the temperature at the point (1. A. A. z. Maximum rate of change: 7 .Direction (unit vector) in which it occurs: . (1 pt) Find the maximum rate of change of f (x. There are lots of places to make silly errors in this problem. e. and do not rewrite e5t as x. (1 pt) Suppose w = xy + yz . i What is the maximum rate of increase of T at (1. y. z. y. 1). x = 1s2 + 1t 2 . -1)? Answer(s) submitted: • • • Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • (incorrect) 36. In which direction (unit vector) does the temperature increase the fastest at (1.y. s and t. y = 2 + sin (1t). Do not rewrite x. ∂z ∂s = ∂z ∂t = ∂z B. Then the direction in which f is increasing the fastest at the point (−2. 3. ∇f = i+ j+ k Note: Your answers should be expressions of x. dw dt = Note: Use exp() for the exponential function. What is the maximum rate of change of f at the point P? Answer(s) submitted: • • Note: Your answer should be a number Answer(s) submitted: • • • • (incorrect) 34. (1 pt) Suppose f (x. Use part A to evaluate dw dt when t = 0. (incorrect) 37. y = 6st. y) = x3 + xy2 . y) = ln(x2 + y2 ) at the point (-3. ∂z and ∂z A. i • • . -1)? h . y. 1) and the direction in which it occurs. 1) = (incorrect) 38. -1) in the direction toward the point (-1. 1. “3x . Use the chain rule to find dw dt as a function of x. 1.y. (1 pt) The temperature at a point (x. y. y. (1 pt) Suppose z = x2 sin y. just try to keep track of what needs to be a unit vector. ∂z ∂s (−2. z) = 2 2 2 200e−x −y /4−z /9 . Find the gradient of f. (incorrect) 35. z) = x + y/z at the point (-5.4y” B. -3) and the direction in which it occurs.g. y and z.

80 centimeters. Express your answer in the form ax + by + cz + d = 0. 1) in the direction of h−1. Answer(s) submitted: • • Answer(s) submitted: (incorrect) • • • • −2x2 + 3y2 . Answer(s) submitted: Answer(s) submitted: • • • (incorrect) (incorrect) 48. y. 2) in the direction given by the angle θ = 2π 4 . z= Answer(s) submitted: Answer(s) submitted: • • (incorrect) (incorrect) 8 . (1 pt) If f (x. Find the unit normal vector to the surface at the point (5. (1 pt) Consider the surface xyz = 75. 2i is . 40. (1 pt) Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface z = 4x4 + 4y4 + 8xy at the point (1. (1 pt) 4 2 3 y z . ). √5 50 in the direction (parallel to) (1. and Du f (−2. with the error in each measurement at most . −5) in the direction of the vector h0.(incorrect) 46. y) = (3 + 2xy) . At that point the function has directional derivatives: √5 in the direction (parallel to) (2. −2i is . 0i / 4 . (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: • • 50. square centimeters (incorrect) 45. (1 pt) (incorrect) 42. (1 pt) The dimensions of a closed rectangular box are measured as 70 centimeters. The gradient of f at the point (1. 64). y) = x20y . (1 pt) Let f (x. 2) for u = h−2. z) = x 24 Then ∇f = Du f (2. y) = find the value of the directional derivative at the point (−3. Use differentials to estimate the maximum error in calculating the surface area of the box. 3. L(x. (1 pt) Consider a function f (x. = 0. is √ Find the linearization of the function z = x y at the point (0. and 70 centimeters. and Du f (3. ) B. 6). and . y) at the point (1. 2. 6) is ( . normalized so that a = 15. 1. 43. 7). 5) with positive first coordinate. (1 pt) Let f (x. . (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: • 47. Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface at the given point. 41. Answer(s) submitted: Find the differential of the function w = x3 sin(y6 z3 ) dw = dx+ dy+ dz Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • (incorrect) 5 4 44. −2. Then ∇f √= . y) = 3 2 (1 pt) Let f (x. and 40 A. 52).2 centimeters. Then ∇f = . ( . 6). respectively.

y) = xy − ax − by. and volume v = 8. (1 pt) Consider the function f (x. Ignore unneeded answer blanks. 0) and (10. f f f f f List the maximum/minimum values as well as the point(s) at which they occur. . Minimum value: Occurs at ( . (1 pt) Find the maximum and minimum values of f (x. ) has has has has has ? ? ? ? ? at (0. at (0. (1 pt) Suppose f (x. . 0). Answer(s) submitted: • • • (If there are several points. y. √  at −5 3. 0 .(incorrect) 51. y) = xy on the ellipse 2x2 + y2 = 8. ) and ( . (1 pt) Locate all the critical points of the function f (x. y and z. (A) How many local minimum points does f have in R2 ? (The answer is an integer). Find the dimensions which minimize the surface area of this box. separate them by commas. 57. √  at 5 3.) Answer(s) submitted: • 9 . 5). maximum value = minimum value = (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: • • 58. at (0. x= y= z= (incorrect) 54. ) and ( . −5). ) Maximum value: Occurs at ( . z) on the plane z = 4 x + 4 y + 3 which is closest to the origin. Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • • • • • • (B) How many local maximum points does f have in R2 ? (C) How many saddle points does f have in R2 ? Answer(s) submitted: • • • (score 0. 0 . 14). 0). y) = 8x − x2 − 4xy2 . of f (x. List the dimensions in ascending order: . y) = 7 − 6x + 10y on the closed triangular region with vertices (0. Answer(s) submitted: • • • • • (incorrect) 56. (1 pt) Find the coordinates of the point (x. (10. (1 pt) Find the dimensions of the rectangular box having the largest volume and surface area 20 square units. (1 pt) Find the absolute minimum and absolute maximum 55. Answer(s) submitted: • • • x= y= z= (incorrect) Answer(s) submitted: • • • 53. (1 pt) You are to manufacture a rectangular box with 3 dimensions x.4) (incorrect) 52. y) = x2 y + y3 − 75y.

F = hx − 2. 10 .D with the vector fields F below. A. F = hy. F = h1. Match the plots labeled A . (1 pt) Match the functions f with the plots of their gradient vector fields labeled A-D. B. 1/xi 2. xi Answer(s) submitted: • • • • (incorrect) 60. 1. F = hy. x + 1i 3. D.(incorrect) 59. (1 pt) C. sin yi 4.

p f (x. 4. 2. y) = xy f (x. D.C. 1. B. (1 pt) 11 . A. y) = x2 − y2 f (x. y) = x2 + y2 Answer(s) submitted: • • • • (incorrect) 61. y) = x2 + y2 f (x. 3.

• • • (incorrect) For the level sets. Find the divergence and curl of F. ∇ f = F) with f (0. F (x. For each function below. 62. 3x sin(−2y). 0) = 0. −2(x + y + z)2 ). 0) = 0. 63. y) = C. F (x. Click on a gradient vector field to get a more detailed version of the image. (1 pt) Consider the vector field F(x. (1 pt) Show that the vector field F(x. y) = B. z) = (−2y cos(3x). How does this show what you intended? . y. y. If it is not conservative. z) = (−3x2 . type N. select the image on the right that represents the gradient vector field for that function. . z) = (−3y. (incorrect) 4. F (x. −9z). Answer(s) submitted: E • • • • F Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 12 . 0. ). V (x. 0. . Type in a potential function f (that is. y) = (−7 sin y) i + (12y − 7x cos y) j f (x. red is the lowest and purple the highest heights. div(F) = ∇ · F = curl(F) = ∇ × F = ( . curl(F) = ∇ × F = ( 2. A 64. y. .The images below are level sets for different functions. A. y) = (−14x + 6y) i + (6x + 6y) j f (x. y) = −7yi − 6xj f (x. decide whether it is conservative or not by computing the appropriate first order partial derivatives. ). z) = Answer(s) submitted: • (incorrect) 1. (1 pt) For each of the following vector fields F . (1 pt) Consider the vector field F(x. or the letter “N” B Answer(s) submitted: • • • C (incorrect) D 65. “3xy + 2y”).g. Show that F is a gradient vector field F = ∇V by determining the function V which satisfies V (0. Answer(s) submitted: • • • 3. −3x. 0) is not a gradient vector field by computing its curl. y) = Note: Your answers should be either expressions of x and y (e. y.

Mathematical Association of America 13 .c Generated by WeBWorK.org. http://webwork.maa.