SMART AGRICULTURE: FROM SOIL TO MARKET

Team: Team Krishimitra
ID:

Introduction:
In today’s technical advancements, we have seen IoT is one of the promising technologies
which can make our daily chorus easier. IoT is rapidly gaining popularity in various fields
like medical, transportation, houses etc. Agriculture is one such field which has not come in
limelight yet from IoT community. We focus to have end to end solution for making
agriculture, the “Smart Agriculture”. Currently farmers need to manually take of various
activities such as watering plants, checking when to use fertilizers, maintaining temperature
in greenhouses, for fish farmers, maintaining Ph of water etc. All this work needs constant
attention by farmers. In case, Farmer is not available in the farm for some days, this may
cause severe damage to crops. Our Smart agriculture concept provides solution to these
difficulties by automating all these things using sensor network and cloud technologies. In
India, Farmers do not make use of any technologies for their farming activities. Lack of
information and need of constant human attention on field; results in less production or lower
quality products. Once All the activities are automated, We expect increase in good quality
crops which ultimately helps farmer financially. Also we will introduce smart irrigation in
agriculture which helps in proper use of water resources.

Detailed Problem Statement and Prescribed Solution

Indian Agriculture system completely relies on human efforts in all the farming activities.
Some of challenges involved are maintaining right moisture levels, ph levels in soil. For
greenhouses, maintaining temperature, moisture is most important. For fish farms, we need to
maintain water level and Ph of water. Some of these things can’t be done manually to the
needed precision which may affect crop/fish growth. Things such as measuring PH level,
moisture levels etc. are not straight forward for farmers. Farmers most of the time take action
based on the symptoms they see in crops. But as we know, prevention is better than cure. We
should take care of adjusting above parameters before we see abnormalities in crops. This in
turn causes financial loss to the farmers. In india, water shortage is one more problem which
farmers need to deal during summers. Many times crops die due to improper water supplies.
Hence we propose Smart Agriculture solution to solve above problems. We will have smart
irrigation system in our solution, which will solve water scarcity problem to some extent

some need warmer environment. E) Transportation: Many times goods are misplaced during transportation. In the big pond. Some products such as fishes need ice for preservation. GPS module helps in keeping track of transport vehicle and farmer will get continuous updates on the route taken by vehicle. Greenhouse Farming. For proper fish growth. Farmer can set the values using easy GUI and then sensor network will keep maintaining those values. storage and transportation. next thing is to use water resource smartly to avoid over watering or under watering as well as using water resources prudently and conserving them for summers. We can keep watch on transport by using GPS sensors and CCTV in the transport vehicle. Thus we call it SMART AGRICULTURE system Uniqueness of the project: There are some efforts been put to automate the agricultural irrigation system by using GSM based motor controllers but that is limited to the irrigation. This will reduce food wastage caused due to improper storage conditions. Based on data collected. Sometimes middlemen take out goods before actually weighing them and paying price to farmer. Using network of sensors. This will be done using sensor network. we can adjust this parameters to suit individual needs. Current IoT market . we will create a network of sensors for sensing moisture and temperature in the green house. Also we need to take necessary measures to control these parameters. and temperature of water to fasten the fish growth. C) Fish Farming: For fish farming. CCTV will help in keeping watch on middlemen or vehicle drivers in case of theft of goods. A) Soil Farming: This involves farming in open lands. we need to set the Water Ph level. fish eggs are stocked. Some items need to completely avoid moisture in storage room. It takes care of all problems in farming starting from plantation to market. We cover following modules in smart agriculture system namely Soil farming. Thus SMART AGRICULTURE provides an end to end solution to farming needs. moisture content of soil. Once the Soil is prepared and seeds are planted. greenhouse farming needs to take care of moisture level and temperature inside green house. fish farming. these parameters will then be adjusted either automatically or by farmer.Our Solution “Smart Agriculture” starts from soil conditioning to maintaining crops. In Smart agriculture. Fruits like mango need warmth for ripening. to storage and then to transportation to market. Some items need cold environment. Smart irrigation will serve this purpose B) Greenhouse farming: Apart from soil conditioning. We need to check Ph levels. Smart agriculture will use sensors for Ph level and moisture to sense them and will control them by taking proper measure. D) Storage: various food items require different storage conditions. They are regularly fed and harvested. First activity that is carried out in farming is preparing soil for production.

does not have such solution for agriculture available. farmer can predict the yield. For Indian market. We propose to use of renewable energy resources to run the complete IoT system. which would incur one time investment. Here we propose extensive use of IoT in agricultural field right from sowing to selling yielded crop. System level / Concept Block Diagram: Fig.1 System block diagram . Thus our product will be unique low cost solution for turning the agriculture into smart agriculture. we will need to have low cost solution. allowing him to manage his expenses. As the farmer would have a statistical data for years saved.

If selected we will develop a prototype. Then based on preselected values of these parameters. Farmer can also change these expected values from GUI. So basically we are planning to run pilot system over the one crop cycle. farmer can get information regarding crops. We will develop a prototype sensor network which will capture data about temperature. here we will be doing our initial prototype development in first three months and install the minimal system during sowing. Raspberry pi can have its own display and GUI which will be installed at suitable place. Calibration or changes required in the system will be done during this period. moisture. temperature as needed in different modules. levels etc. Farmer can view this data using his smartphone or computer. However in future we will try to have long range communication devices to cover the overall farm. we will control irrigation.Fig. These will then be sent to main controller which will contain microcontroller such as raspberry pi.2 Concept level diagram What would we do if selected? Generally one crop cycle is for 5-6 months. Ph. Using this GUI. . Raspberry pi will communicate with cloud to exchange data with farmer. ph values. which would consist of all 5 modules in it. Over the period we will increase the sensor network to cover the all areas as mentioned in introduction. The prototype will be using Wi-Fi modules for communication between sensor and main microcontroller.

there would be enormous uncertainties present when we are working in actual outdoor environment and to tackle these challenges to make it more robust system would be the key. With such limitations. We are planning to use google cloud platform for the sensor data collection and control. Limitations : Major limitation. We can remove dependency on network by eliminating cloud where network is not available. IEEE 16th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering. sensors and data collection methods based on pilot project run.Long term plans: The resolve the shortcomings of the pilot run would be the next challenge. 2013 . Our sensor modules can run on low power but the control part will need to use the electricity. we will try to optimize the sensor network. Hardware. unavailability of network at farming site. but to make it cost effective solution we will using low cost sensors and wifi nodes. Other limitations include sensor failures. for maintaining moisture. we have a plan to enhance our sensor network. References: Meonghun Lee. We will try to improve the range limitation of WiFi modules by finding long range alternative or inventing some type of hopping protocol to keep the Wi-Fi modules as it is but cover long area. pH and other required sensors from Analog devices. Wireless sensor kit from Analog Devices can be used during development . availability of electricity is one limitation. Apart from this. We as a team understand that. we need to control irrigation which will need electricity. humidity . In long term. In long term. For controller we will be using Linux operating system. For collection of nodes data and sending it to the cloud we will be using Raspberry-pi3. Software : Bare metal C programming will be used for sensor nodes data collection. can be the protection of the sensor network and communication infrastructure in the field. Jeonghwan Hwang2 . We will add more sensors. complete automation may not be feasible but can be partly established. Hyun Yoe3. Software and Cloud platforms to be used: Hardware: Temperature . For example. “Agricultural Production System based on IoT”. It’s quite possible that people working in the field may not understand the importance of the sensor / infrastructure built and that can result into maintainability issues of the sensor network.

“Providing Smart Agricultural Solutions to Farmers for better yielding using IoT”. Dr.2012 .S. J. “Application of the internet of things technology in precision agriculture irrigation systems”. International Conference on Computer Science and Service System.Anandha Mala .G.M.K.Jayasakthi . 2015 IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR 2015) Sanbo Li .Gayatri .