Mary Brennan

ELL Assignment

1) Identify the 5 stages of language acquisition, key factors (3-4) about each
stage, and at least one effective strategy that can be used with ELL students
from that stage
Stage

Key Factors
1.) Preproducti
on
● Affective
filter (emotional
state) must be
stable in order to
not impede
learning
● 0-6
months

2.) Early Production
● 6 months 1 year

3.) Speech Emergence
● 1 - 3 years

Strategy

● Silent
period - may have
up to 500 words
in their receptive
vocab, but aren't
yet speaking
● Parrots
words - not
producing
language
● Nods “yes”
and “no”
● Draws and
points

● Pair new
ESL with a buddy
to limit effect of
affective filter
● Use visuals
and have
students point or
act out vocab
● Gesture,
point, and show
as much as
possible

● Limited
comprehension
● Speak in 1
or 2 word phrases
● Uses key
words or familiar
phrases that may
or may not be
grammatically
correct

● Ask yes/no
and either/or
questions
● Continue
above strategies
but add
opportunities for
students to
produce language
● Model a
phrase and have
student repeat it
and add
modifications to
build vocab

● Has good
comprehension
● Can make
simple sentences
● Begin

● Sound out
stories
phonetically
● Introduce
new vocab and

reading and
writing
● Grammar
and pronunciation
errors

model how to use
it in a sentence
● Complete
graphic
organizers with
word banks
● Ask
questions
requiring phrase
of short sentence
answers

4.) Intermediate
Fluency
● 3-5 years

● Excellent
comprehension
● Makes few
grammatical
errors
● Uses
Complex
sentences
● Use
strategies from
their native
language to learn
content in English

● Ask
questions
requiring a longer
explanation
● Introduce
the academic
skills of
brainstorming,
summarizing,
categorization,
and compare and
contrast
● Have them
circle words they
don’t understand,
guess what the
word means, and
then check
results as a class

5.) Advanced Fluency
● 5-7 years

● Has near
native level of
speech
● Reading
and writing
proficiency, but
still needs
support from
teacher

● Allow them
to engage in
discussions and
tell stories
● Use
activities like
IDing antonyms
and synonyms
that build vocab

2) Identify the 4 methods of co-teaching, a brief description of each method,
and an example of how each method of co-teaching can be used effectively
for classrooms with ELL students
Method of Co-teaching
1.) Supportive

Description

Example

● One member
of the team takes the
lead role and the
other member rotates
among students to
provide support

● Allow students
to receive individual
help in a timely
manner
● Helps keep
students on task

2.) Parallel

● Support
personnel and teacher
split class and teach
the same info at the
same time

● Increases the
student-teacher ratio
to provide more
individualized support

3.) Complementary

● Member of the
teaching team that
does something to
supplement or
complement the
instruction of the other

● Information
could be taught in two
different ways to help
with comprehension

4.) Team Teaching

● Members of
the team Co-teach
along side of one
another and share
responsibility for
planning, teaching,
and assessing the
progress of the class

● Each member
of team has a
specialty that can
enhance the lesson

http://www.teachhub.com/effective-co-teaching-strategies