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Code: 9A01708

B.Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

**WATER RESOURCES SYSTEM PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
**

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 70

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

1

2

**Locate the stationary points of
**

minima or neither.

*****

and classify them as relative maxima, relative

**(a) What is present worth method?
**

(b) How do you choose the best alternatives by present worth method?

(c) Two alternative plans are feasible. The estimated cost of 1st plan is 70 lakhs and the

corresponding benefit is 80 lakhs. The cost for the 2nd plan is 85 lakhs and benefit is

100 lakhs. Which plan should be selected?

3

Minimize :

Subject to :

4

**Solve the following linear programming problem using the simplex method:
**

Maximize :

Subject to :

;

;

and

5

**(a) Explain the primal-dual relationship.
**

(b) State the general rules for formulating dual problem from its primal.

(c) Explain post optimality analysis with example.

6

**Solve the following 4-user water allocation problem to maximize the total returns,
**

using backward recursion of dynamic programming: water available for allocation: 60

units, to be allocated in discrete units of 0, 10, 20,……….. and 60. Return from the

four users for a given allocation, are given in the table below:

Allocation

Returns from

1 2

3

4

0

0 0

-3

1

10

3 4

3

1

20

5 4

5

1

30

6 4

5

7

40

3 4

4

8

50

3 6

2

10

60

3 7

0

10

7

**(a) What is the advantage of combining simulation and optimization in water resources
**

system?

(b) Explain any two reservoir simulation model with examples.

8

**(a) Identify common water management issues that are found in many parts of the world.
**

(b) Identify and discuss briefly some of the major issues and challenges facing water

managers today.

*****

thermal 2 and thermal 3 respectively. . i 1 2 3 0 0 0 2 1 3 4 5 5 6 6 6 7 What is simulation? Describe the simulation process. Using Kuhn-Tucker conditions. Explain any two methods.2 Code: 9A01708 B. given by: where and are variables based on cement and concrete ratios. (b) What are single purpose and multipurpose projects? Under what circumstances do you go for a multipurpose project? Discuss in detail. The allocation is made in discrete steps of one unit ranging from 0 to 3 with the three thermal stations denoted as thermal 1. . 4 5 Solve the following linear programming problem using the simplex method: Maximize : Subject to : . Our objective is to maximize strength attained by hardened concrete. . Return function Thermal station. 2 (a) What do you understand by discounting technique? (b) Write down the commonly used discount technique methods. 6 (a) What is the curse of dimensionality? (b) A total of 3 units of water are to be allocated optimally to three thermal stations. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks 1 ***** The ultimate strength attained by concrete is found to be based on a certain empirical relationship between the ratios of cement and concrete used. ***** . Find allocations to the three thermal stations such that the total return is maximized using backward recursion of dynamic programming. . . What are the reasons for using simulation? 8 (a) List the tools available for integrated water resources planning and management. and Solve the following linear programming problem using dual simplex method: Maximize : Subject to : . 3 Minimize subject to the constraints . the return obtained from the users for a given allocation are given in the following table.Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 WATER RESOURCES SYSTEM PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.

B and C should be built in order to maximize the total net return from all projects. and 6 (a) Determine how many projects of type A.3 Code: 9A01708 B. Which plan should be selected? Minimize subject to the constraints . (a) What is benefit-cost (BC) ratio method? (b) How do you choose the best alternatives by BC ratio method? (c) Two alternative plans are feasible. Solve the following linear programming problem using dual simplex method: Minimize : Subject to : . 7 (a) What are the components of reservoir simulation model? (b) Write down the steps for simulation of reservoir system. ***** . (b) Explain the curse of dimensionality. . The estimated cost of 1st plan is 70 lakhs and the corresponding benefit is 80 lakhs. Using Kuhn-Tucker conditions. (c) What is the primary concept for simulation of reservoir operation to generate hydropower? 8 (a) What do you mean by cropping pattern? Discuss about optimal cropping pattern system in India. 4 5 (a) Define the following in a simplex method: (i) Unbounded solution (ii) Alternate optimum solution (b) Solve the following linear programming problem graphically: Minimize : Subject to : . Not more than four projects of each should be built. . given the following data: Project type Cost of each project Net return/project A 2000 280 B 3000 440 C 4000 650 Total amount available for all projects units. 2 . concave or neither at the points of optima: . (b) What do you mean by conjunctive use of water resources? Briefly discuss the advantages of conjunctive use of water resources. The cost for the 2nd plan is 85 lakhs and benefit is 100 lakhs. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks 1 2 3 ***** Locate the stationary points of the following function and find out if the function is convex.Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 WATER RESOURCES SYSTEM PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. . At least one project of each type should be built.

and 5 A water resources system consisting of two reservoirs is shown in page number 2.000. show that by extending each series of projects to a common terminal layer (example: 30 years). 200 lakhs and Rs.4 Code: 9A01708 B.000 at the end of 10 years. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 Locate the stationary points of neither at the points of optima: and find out if the function is convex. the annual net benefits of each series of projects would be will be same as found in part (b). formulate a linear programming problem to maximize the benefit. .000 and will return 2.000 at the end of 5 and 15 years and another 3. 2 Consider two alternative water resource projects A and B.000. 3 Explain the solution method for constrained optimization problem with equality constraints by Lagrange multipliers? Explain the necessary and sufficient conditions for general problem. concave or .000.05? (d) Assuming that each of these projects would be replaced with a similar project having the same time stream of costs and returns. Project A has a life of 10 years and B has a life of 15 years. (a) What is the present value of each project? (b) What is each project’s annual net benefit? (c) Would the preferred project differ if the interest rates were 0. Assuming an interest rate of 0. Project A will cost 2. The following data are available: Quantity Stream 1 Stream 2 Capacity of reservoir i 9 7 Available release from reservoir i 9 6 Capacity of channel below reservoir i 4 4 Actual release from reservoir i The capacity of the main channel below the confluence of the two streams is 5 units. 300 lakhs per unit of water released from reservoirs 1 and 2 respectively. The flows and storages are expressed in a consistent set of units.1 (10%) per year.000.000 at the end of 5 years and 4. Page 1 of 2 (Contd.Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 WATER RESOURCES SYSTEM PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.500. If the benefit is equivalent to Rs.000 at the end of 10 years.000 and will return 1. Project B will cost 4.000. in Page 2) . 4 Use revised simplex (matrix) method to solve the following linear programming problem: Maximize : Subject to : .

60.4 Code: 9A01708 Stream 2 Stream 1 Reservoir 1 Channel 1 Reservoir 2 Channel 2 Irrigation District 2 Irrigation District 1 Main channel (Figure for question number 5) 6 Solve the following water user allocation problem to maximize the total returns. 8 (a) What is river basin planning and management? (b) What do you understand by “integrated water resources management (IWRM)”? (c) Discuss some models for IWRM. 10. Water available for allocation is 60 units. using both forward and backward recursion of dynamic programming. Returns from the four users for a given allocation are given in the table below: Allocation Returns from User 1 User 2 User 3 User 4 0 0 0 -3 1 10 3 4 3 1 20 5 4 5 1 30 6 4 5 7 40 3 4 4 8 50 3 6 2 10 60 3 7 0 10 7 (a) What is the advantage of combining simulation and optimization in water resources system? (b) Explain any two reservoir simulation model with examples. 20. It should be allocated in discrete units of 0. ***** Page 2 of 2 .….

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