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Code: 9A01710

B.Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 70
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
*****

1 (a) Describe the characteristics of a megaproject. Explain why are megaprojects often
controversial.
(b) A crew of five masons takes 8 hours to build a wall consisting of 1000 blocks. Express the
productivity in terms of blocks per man-hour.
2

Assume that you have examined the different types of non-traditional construction and have
learned about a range of problems which may arise. Review those identified problems and try
to generalize those which non-traditional properties may share.

3

‘Soil classification should not be regarded as an end in itself but as a tool to enhance your
knowledge of soil behavior’. Comment on this statement and describe the classification of
soils.

4

“The type of explosive used in any project depends on the hardness and structural
characteristics of the rock and overall geometry of the cut”. Comment on this statement with
different examples of explosives.

5 (a) Both schedules and budgets are necessary parts of any plan. What do you think is the
backbone of any good schedule or budget? Justify your answer.
(b) Discuss the responsibilities for key members in the project team.
6 (a) Explain about work break down structures in detail with an example.
(b) Explain what precedence diagramming methods are and how they can be used to understand
project duration and flexibility.
Contd. in page 2
Page 1 of 2

B B C D. ***** Page 2 of 2 . d) Calculate the probability that the project will be completed in less than 28 weeks.3) (1.5) (4. c) Calculate the expected duration and variance of the critical path. E F Optimistic 5 3 6 3 4 6 2 3 Probable 11 3 10 5 6 8 4 3 Pessimistic 14 9 14 7 11 13 6 9 a) Draw the network diagram.4) (2. a) Find the expected time and the variance for each activity.6) 8 Estimated duration in weeks Optimistic Most likely Pessimistic 1 1 7 1 4 7 2 2 8 1 1 1 2 5 14 2 5 8 3 6 15 A network consists of following list. Times are given in weeks.2) (1. Activity A B C D E F G H Preceding --A.6) (5. b) Calculate the expected duration and variance of each activity.5) (3. b) What is the probability that the project will be completed 4 weeks earlier that the expected time? c) What is the probability that the project will be completed in 19 weeks? Activity (1.1 Code: 9A01710 7 A project consists of the following activities and time estimates.

6 (a) Explain why the critical path is the longest. in page 2 Page 1 of 2 .Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Describe the basis for their selection. 5 (a) Explain the main cause of project failure.2 Code: 9A01710 B. (b) How does value engineering allow cost sharing of savings during a project? What construction party identifies savings during construction? 2 What the requirements and suitability of systems for modern methods of construction (MMC)? Explain the types of MMC. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Are designers selected through competitive bidding. (b) Discuss the roles of project manager in detail. 4 (a) Explain the different types of drilling methods. 3 Describe the trenchless technologies in pipeline construction. Contd. path through a network. not the shortest. (b) Differentiate between downhole drilling rig and percussion/track drilling rig. (b) Discuss the cost trade-off in project crashing.

I E.000 2. Times are give in weeks (a) Calculate the expected time for each activity. 2) (1. 5) Normal Time (days) 8 4 2 10 5 3 Cost (Rs) 100 150 50 100 100 80 Crash Time (days) 6 2 1 5 1 1 Cost (Rs) 200 350 90 100 200 100 ***** Page 2 of 2 ∆T 2 2 1 5 4 2 ∆C 100 200 40 300 100 20 . Enter these values in the appropriate column in the table above.2 Code: 9A01710 7 8 A partially solved PERT problem is detailed in the table below. J Optimistic Time 7 2 8 3 4 6 2 2 6 4 2 Probable Time 9 2 12 5 6 8 3 2 8 6 2 Pessimistic Time 14 8 16 10 8 10 4 8 16 14 5 Expected Time variance 1. F D H G.361 0 0 1.778 2. find the least cost schedule. 4) (2. (b) Which activities form the critical path? (c) What is the estimated time of the critical path? (d) What are the project variance and the project standard deviation? (e) What is the probability of completion of the project after week 40? Activity Preceding A B C D E F G H I J K -A A A B B C.361 0 0 0 1.778 0. 4) (4.250 The following table gives the cost particulars of a project. If the indirect cost is Rs. 5) (3. 100 per day. Activity (1. 3) (2.

Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Contd. 5 (a) ‘Effective control systems identify deviations from project plans and commitments early enough to eliminate surprises and allow correction’ Explain this statements. Elaborate. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Describe the role of owner. (b) Distinguish between resource leveling and resource allocation. 3 “Use of mechanized equipment poses significant crushing and striking hazards during excavation works”. 4 (a) Describe the effect of geologic structure on blasting procedure. 6 (a) Discuss the guidelines for constructing a project network. 2 (a) Explain the construction equipment deployed in large scale building works. (b) Explain the different methods of blasting. in page 2 Page 1 of 2 . Explain with a infrastructure development project. (b) Describe the factors influences during a site selection.3 Code: 9A01710 B. (b) What documents describe the design of a construction project? How do they differ? Explain. (b) Explain the project development process. designer and contractor in the construction process.

400 Rs 7.800 Rs 5. E F Optimistic 5 3 6 3 4 6 2 3 Probable 11 3 10 5 6 8 4 3 Pessimistic 14 9 14 7 11 13 6 9 (b) Three activities are candidates for crashing on a CPM network.700 (b) How is the expected completion time of project activity. B B C D.000 Rs 10. (ii) Calculate the expected duration and variance of each activity. (iii) Calculate the expected duration and variance of the critical path.000 (i) What is the crash cost per unit time for activity A? (ii) What is the crash cost per unit time for activity B? (iii) Which activity should be crashed first to cut one day from the project’s duration. how much is added to project cost? (iii) Which activity should be the next activity crashed to cut a second day from the project’s duration. and of a PERT project.000 Rs 12. how much is added to project cost? (v) Assuming no other paths become critical. computed? ***** Page 2 of 2 .000 Rs 2. Activity details are in the table below.000 Crash Duration 6 days 2 days 9 days Crash cost Rs 8.000 Rs 1. Activity A B C Normal Time 9 days 5 days 12 days Normal Cost Rs 8.000 Rs 2. Activity A B C D E F G H Preceding --A. how much is added to project cost? (iv) Which activity should be the next activity crashed to cut a second day from the project’s duration. (iv) Calculate the probability that the project will be completed in less than 28 weeks.3 Code: 9A01710 7 (a) A network consists of the following list.000 Crash Duration 7 days 3 days 11 days Crash Cost Rs 12. Times are given in weeks. (i) What is the crash cost per unit time for each of the three activities? (ii) Which activity should be crashed first to cut one day from the project’s duration. Activity details are in the table below. how much is added to project cost? Activity X Y Z Normal Time 8 days 3 days 12 days Normal Cost Rs 6.000 Rs 9. (i) Draw the network diagram. how much can this project be shortened at what total added cost? 8 (a) Three activities are candidates for crashing on a CPM network.

2 (a) Explain the concept of prefabrication in construction. (b) Explain the basic concepts in the development of construction plans. in page 2 Page 1 of 2 .Tech IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Explain in detail. Contd. 5 (a) ‘Project controls system provides timely information for proactive construction management’. and which may occur after a project is complete? Illustrate any one of these from recent new. What is missing from one that is present in the other so that the two tools are complementary? Discuss. 6 (a) It has been said the WBS and Gantt charts are each useful tools. 4 (a) Explain. which are likely to occur while the project is underway. (i) production blasting and (ii) controlled blasting (b) Describe the advantages and limitations of common excavation practices. How it is essential to a large scale project. 3 Elaborate the significant development in pipeline construction. Explain. (b) What are some of the ethical issues faced by project managers? Which of these are likely to occur before a project begins. (b) Can a contractor refuse to do change order work. (b) Elaborate the necessity of false work and temporary works in an office building. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) How is the construction industry different from a manufacturing industry? Explain.4 Code: 9A01710 B. but neither is “complete” for managing projects.

M L. What would be the impact on the project duration. (c) Calculate the probability that the project will be completed in fewer than 30 time units. a) Identify the activities on the critical path.4 Code: 9A01710 7 The network below represents a project being analyzed by critical path methods. (b) Calculate the expected duration and variance of the critical path. M K. b) What is the duration of the critical path? c) Calculate the amount of slack time at activity H. Activity J K L M N O P Immediate Predecessor(s) --J J K. ***** Page 2 of 2 . Activity durations are indicated on the network. A J C 6 11 K 5 4 End E Start B 3 7 I 5 G 4 D 4 F 6 H 3 8 Consider the network described in the table below. N Pessimistic Probable Optimistic 15 9 10 3 9 10 10 10 8 6 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 1 4 3 (a) Calculate the expected duration of each activity. d) If activity I were delayed by ten time units.