This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B.
Section A
Bahagian A
[60 marks / markah]
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.
1.

Diagram 1 shows an animal cell / Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu sel haiwan.

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1
(a) Based on the given model, identify the cell components labelled P, Q, R and S.
Berdasarkan pada model yang diberi, kenal pasti komponen sel berlabel P, Q,
R, dan S.
[4 marks/markah]
(b) (i) On Diagram 1, label a cell component which has the following properties.
Pada Rajah 1, labelkan komponen sel yang mempunyai ciri-ciri berikut.
• It is a rod-shaped organelle with two membranes
Organel berbentuk rod dengan dua membran.
• Its size ranges from 1 to 10 μm.
Saiznya berukuran di antara 1 hingga 10 μm.
[1 mark/markah]
(ii) What is the function of the cell component labelled in (b)i?
Apakah fungsi komponen sel yang dilabel di (b)i?
_______________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]

1

2 . Tiga daripada jaluran tersebut diletakkan di dalam larutan X. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] 2 A green mustard stem is cut longitudinally into four equal strips as shown in . ________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (ii) Name the component in S that helps to conduct the function which you have suggested in (c)i. Y dan Z secara individu. Give an explanation for this. Nyatakan komponen dalam S yang membantu untuk menjalankan fungsi yang kamu cadangkan di (c)i. Diagram 2. Berikan satu contoh proses yang kamu namakan di (d). yang banyak berbanding sel soma manusia. than a human somatic cell. Batang sawi dipotong secara menegak kepada empat jaluran yang sama saiz seperti dalam Rajah 2. Didapati bahawa sel seks jantan manusia mempunyai bilangan organel yang berlabel di (b)i. Namakan proses dimana sel yang tidak spesifik menjadi spesifik bagi fungsi yang tertentu. Y and Z respectively. Diagram 2 / Rajah 2 Three of the strips are placed in solutions X. ________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (d) Name the process whereby unspecialised cells become specialised for particular functions. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] (c) Based on your answer in (a) / Berdasarkan pada jawapan kamu di (a). Berikan penerangan tentang hal ini. (i) Suggest the function of the part labelled S / Cadangkan fungsi struktur berlabel S.(iii) It is found that a human male sex cell has a larger number of the organelle labelled in (b)i. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (e) Give an example of the process which you have named in (d).

Below are the results obtained from this experiment. Y and Z / Kenalpasti larutan X. Solution X: Larutan X: ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] ii. Solution X: Larutan X: ____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] ii Solution Y: Larutan Y: ____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] iii. Explain your answer in (c)i / Jelaskan jawapan anda di (c)i. Y dan Z yang digunakan dalam eksperimen ini? i. Solution X: Larutan X: _______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] ii. i. Y and Z used in this experiment? Apakah larutan X. Solution Z: Larutan Z: ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (c) Describe the condition of the strips that are immersed in the following solutions.Y dan Z. Solution Y: Larutan Y: ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] iii. Solution Larutan X Y Z Shape of the strip Bentuk jaluran (a)What are solutions X. _______________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] 3 . Solution Z: Larutan Z: _______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (d)i. Solution Z: Larutan Z: ____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (b)Identify solutions X. Terangkan keadaan jaluran yang direndam dalam larutan berikut: i. Berikut merupakan keputusan yang diperolehi daripada eksperimen ini.

________________________________________________________________________ 2.Diagram 3 shows the action of an enzyme on a substrate.ii. Rajah 3 menunjukkan tindakan suatu enzim terhadap substrat. Nyatakan dua lagi sifat enzim yang tidak ditunjukkan pada Rajah 5. Explain your answer in (c)ii / Jelaskan jawapan anda di (c)ii. Diagram 3 / Rajah 3 (a)What does X in Diagram 3 represent? / Apakah yang diwakili oleh X pada Rajah 3? ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (b)State two properties of enzymes which are shown in Diagram above. ________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah] (c) State two other properties of enzymes which are not shown in Diagram 5. 1. What is this hypothesis called? Huraian tentang tindakan suatu enzim terhadap substrat seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 3 di atas adalah berdasarkan pada satu hipotesis. _______________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] 3. Apakah hipotesis itu? ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] 4 . ________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah] (d)The explanation of the action of an enzyme on a substrate as shown in Diagram 3 above is based on a hypothesis. Nyatakan dua sifat enzim yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah di atas. ________________________________________________________________________ 2. 1.

t. What is the optimum pH for the action of pepsin? Pepsin ditemui dalam jus gaster yang dirembes oleh perut. yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 4? ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (ii) Explain your answer in (e)(i) / Huraikan jawapan anda di (e)(i). Rajah 4 ialah satu graf yang menunjukkan kesan suhu terhadap kadar tindak balas yang dimangkinkan oleh pepsin. Apakah pH optimum bagi tindakan pepsin? ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] 5 . which is shown in Diagram 4? Apakah suhu. Diagram 4 / Rajah 4 (i) What is the temperature.(e) Diagram 4 is a graph which shows the effect of temperature on the rate of a reaction catalysed by pepsin. t. ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (iii) Why is there no reaction at 60°C? Mengapakah tiada tindak balas pada suhu 60°C? ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (f) Pepsin is found in the gastric juice which is secreted by the stomach.

II. State the phases for interphase / Nyatakan fasa-fasa bagi interfasa. Diagram 5 / Rajah 5 (a)i. L. II. dan L. Peringkat I. J. J. K.4. [4 marks/markah] 6 . III and IV are included in the M-phase. dan M. Padankan peringkat-peringkat ini dengan penerangannya. L and M. J: ______________________________________________________________________ K: ______________________________________________________________________ L: ______________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/markah] (b) Stages I. dan IV terdapat dalam fasa M. _______________________________________________________________________ _ [3 marks/markah] ii. K. Match the stages with the descriptions.Name phases J. Namakan fasa-fasa J. Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu kitar sel dengan empat fasa utamanya. K. K and L. III.Diagram 5 shows a cell cycle with four major phases.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan empat peringkat mitosis di dalam sel haiwan. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/markah] 5. Susun peringkat pada Rajah 7 mengikut susunan peringkat mitosis yang betul. Diagram 7 / Rajah 7 (a)i. Diagram 6 / Rajah 6 i. Arrange the stages in Diagram 7 according to the correct sequence of the mitotic process. Name the stages labelled W to Z / Namakan peringkat yang dilabel sebagai W hingga Z. ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] ii.(c) Diagram 6 shows stage V which occurs in a plant cell. Based on Diagram 6 explain how stage V occurs in a plant cell. terangkan bagaimana peringkat V berlaku dalam sel tumbuhan. [1 mark/markah] ii. W: _____________________________________________________________________ X: _____________________________________________________________________ 7 . Name stage V / Namakan peringkat V. Rajah 6 menunjukkan peringkat V yang berlaku dalam sel tumbuhan. Berdasarkan Rajah 6.Diagram 7 below shows four stages of mitosis in an animal cell.

Namakan jenis sel di dalam manusia yang berlakunya mitosis. 1. ___________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] (c)Give three examples of cells named in (b) / Berikan tiga contoh sel yang dinamakan di (b). _________________________________________________________________________ 2. 8 . 6. Jawab mana-mana dua soalan daripada bahagian ini.Y: _____________________________________________________________________ Z: _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] (b)Name the type of cells in humans where mitosis takes place.__________________________________________________________________________ 2. Bincangkan ciri-ciri umum enzim. 1. _________________________________________________________________________ 3.__________________________________________________________________________ [4 marks/markah] Section B Bahagian B [40 marks / markah] Answer any two questions from this section. (a)(i) Wha t is an enzy me? / Apa kah enzi m? [2 mar ks/ mar kah] (ii) Discuss the general characteristics of enzymes. _________________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/markah] (d)Give two significance of mitosis / Berikan dua kepentingan mitosis.

Y and Z in Diagram 8.[8 marks/markah] 7.fungsi sel yang berlabel X. Y dan Z dalam Rajah 8 di atas. Y dan Z dalam Rajah 8. describe the process of cell organisation until it reaches the formation of a complete multicellular organism. [14 marks/markah] 8. Name the cells labelled X. Dengan menggunakan sel . [10 marks/markah] Diagram 8 shows three different types of cells / Rajah 8 menunjukkan tiga jenis sel. jelaskan proses organisasi sel hingga ke peringkat organisma multiselular yang lengkap. Namakan sel . [3 marks/markah] (b) Using the cells given above. Y and Z in Diagram 8 above. Terangkan bagaimana enzim disintesis di dalam sel. State the functions of the cells labelled X. Diagram 9 shows a red blood cell / Rajah 9 menunjukkan sel darah merah. (b) Explain how enzymes are synthesised in the cells.sel yang diberikan di atas. Nyatakan fungsi . 9 .sel yang berlabel X. Diagram 8 / Rajah 8 (a) i. [3 marks/markah] ii.

. [3 marks/markah] (d) Why do red blood cells and plant cells behave differently when they are immersed in a hypotonic solution? Mengapakah sel merah darah dan sel tumbuhan berkelakuan berbeza apabila direndam dalam larutan hipotonik? [1 mark/markah] 9....Diagram 9 / Rajah 9 (a) What is the function of red blood cells? / Apakah fungsi sel darah merah? [1 mark/markah] (b) Explain what happens when red blood cells are immersed in... (i) a hypotonik solution / larutan hipotonik.. [3 marks/markah] (iii) a hypertonic solution / larutan hipertonik. (a) Water is an important inorganic compound. Huraikan apa yang berlaku apabila sel darah merah direndam dalam. [3 marks/markah] (ii) an isotonic solution / larutan isotonik. Diagram 10 / Rajah 10 Explain what happens when plant cells are immersed in. Huraikan apa yang berlaku apabila sel tumbuhan direndam dalam. Air adalah sebatian bukan organik yang 10 . [2 marks/markah] (iii) a hypertonik solution / larutan hipertonik.. [3 marks/markah] (c) Diagram 10 shows a plant cell / Rajah 10 menunjukkan sel tumbuhan. (i) a hypotonic solution / larutan hipotonik. [4 marks/markah] (ii) an isotonik solution / larutan isotonik.

Describe the structure of nucleic acid. [10 marks/markah] ii. Nyatakan dua kepentingan asid nukleik di dalam sel.penting Explain the importance of water in cells. Terangkan kepentingan air di dalam sel. Terangkan struktur asid nukleik. [8 marks/markah] (b) i. [2 marks/markah] KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 11 . State two importances of nucleic acids in cells.