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NARAYANAGURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering


IT6005 / Digital Image Processing
S7 ECE
Important Questions

UNIT I - DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS


PART A
1. Define Image?
3. Define Brightness and Contrast
4. Define Tapered Quantization?
5. What do you meant by Gray level?
6. Define Resolutions?
7. What is meant by pixel?
8. Define Digital image?
9. What are the steps involved in DIP?
10. What is recognition and Interpretation?
11. Specify the elements of DIP system?
12. Explain the categories of digital storage?
PART B
1. Explain the elements of visual perception.
2. Explain the principles of sampling and quantization
3. Describe the functions of Components of image processing system with a
diagram
4. Explain the basic relationships between pixels
5. Write notes on RGB and CMY color model

UNIT II - IMAGE ENHANCEMENT


PART- A
1. Specify the objective of image enhancement technique.
2. Explain the two categories of image enhancement.
3. What is contrast stretching?
4. What is grey level slicing?
5. Define image subtraction.
6. What is the purpose of image averaging?
7. What is meant by masking?
8. Give the formula for negative and log transformation.
09. What is meant by bit plane slicing?
10. What is meant by laplacian filter?
11.What is meant by histogram equalization?
12.Differentiate linear spatial filter and non-linear spatial filter.

PART B
1. Explain the types of gray level transformation used for image enhancement
2. Explain spatial filtering in image enhancement
3. What is histogram? Explain histogram equalization.
4. What are image sharpening filters? Explain the various types of it
5. Write notes on the following
i). Smoothening Image-8
ii). Frequency domain filtering-8

UNIT 3 - IMAGE RESTORATION AND SEGMENTATION


Part A
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What is meant by Image Restoration?


What are the types of noise models?
Give the PDF of uniform Noise and sketch it
Define and give the transfer function of Mean and Geometric Mean Filter
Write about arithmetic mean filter?
List any two properties of Median filter.
Define image degradation medel and Sketch it?
What is the principle of Region Growing based image segmentation
Define sobel operator
State the rule of Dialation
Describe thresholding and mention its types
Formulate the function of inverse filtering
Part B

1.i)Explain wiener filter in image restoration. -8


ii).What is meant by Inverse filtering? Explain. -8
2. i)Explain about mean filters in detail-8
ii) Explain about adaptive filters in detail-8
3.i)Explain aout edge detection and edge linking-8
ii). Explain region based segmentation and region growing with an example-8
4.Explain image degradation model /restoration process and Noise Models in
detail.
5.i) Explain global processing using Hough transform -8
ii).What do you understand by dilation and erosion in Morphological operation ?
Explain in detail-8

UNIT 4 - WAVELETS AND IMAGE COMPRESSION


Part A
1. Define subband coding
2. What is image compression? What are its basic types?
3. Define Huffman coding
4. Diffference between lossy and losslesscompression
5. What is run length coding?
6. Mention limitation of Huffman coding
7. Define relative data redundancy
8. What are the performance metrics for evaluating image compression?
9. What is the need for image compression and give its application?
10. Give some examples for video compression standards
11. What are variable-Length coding and name the types of variable-Length
coding ?
12. Compare contrast wavelet coding Vs DCT based coding
Part B
1. What is data redundancy? Explain three basic data redundancy?
2. Explain variable length coding compression schemes
3. How run length encoding approach is used for image compression? Is it lossy?
Justify
4. Determine the Huffman code assignment procedure for following data
Symbol
Probability
a1
0.1
a2
0.4
a3
0.06
a4
0.1
a5
0.04
a6
0.3
Compute the average length code and entropy of the source. Is Houffman Code
uniquely decidable? Is so, justify your answer.
5. i).Explain Continuous tone still image Compession standards-JPEG
ii). Explain binary image Compession standards
6. Explain subband coding

UNIT 5 - IMAGE REPRESENTION AND RECOGNITION


Part A
1. Explain entropy?what is the relevance in image processing
2. Define region growing
3. How texture of a region is decided?
4. What is the use of fourier description?
5. Name the approaches used to describe the texture of a region
6. Formulate the Equation of circularity ratio of regional descriptors
7. Estimate the equation of third moment of statistical approach for texture descriptor
8. Summarize convex hull and convex deficiency concepts
9. Define eccentricity
10. Determine the approaches used in image processing to describe the texture of a
region
11. Define polygonal image representaion
12. Categorize the Uses of chain code
Part B
1. i). Explain the concepts and approach of chain code(10)
ii). Boundary representation(6)
2. (i)Explain Polygonal approximation method(2)
(ii)How the merging techniques applied in approximation and also develop the
steps involed in approximation method(14)
3. State the concepts of following methods
i) Signature(5)
ii) Boundary segments(5)
iii) Skeletons(6)
4. Explain the different types of boundary descriptors with suitable diagrams
5. What are all the object recognition method used in image processing for decision
making methods? How that methods apply in pattern classification.
6. Write in detail note about the following
i)Textures(4)
ii)Shape numbers(4)
iii)Fourier descriptors(4)
(iv)Pattern classes(4)

Prepaired By
D.R. Ramji AP/ECE