4 views

Uploaded by আকাশআহসান

Pipe Related formula- Inter Mountain

- Concrete Pipes Reference Manual
- S0001222003-H1-R02_ORH-TP-C-00001
- Danfoss OMM
- LEXE7581-05
- Save Money on Car Rentals in France - Megane Estate
- Applied Hydrogeology
- Fluid Machinery Pumps
- Cat.marine Analisis Selection Guide
- Liebherr Pr 712 Litronic Final Drives
- Retention Time.xls
- Funk Modular Pump Drive Selection Guide 01
- Unidad Hidraulica Climax 5000
- The Tank Farm Operations
- UPnew
- Cent Pump
- 20700e - 500 HS 750 - 650 HS 1100
- Pipe Head Loss Cal
- 13 - Sharp and Broad-crested Weirs - Sutherland Taylor
- Centrifugal Pumps & Positive Displacement Pumps Courses
- 6110 L23 Manifold Hydraulic Design

You are on page 1of 11

Home

Products&

Services

PIPE

SpecialOfferings

PipeRelatedFormulas

Technical

Resources

OurStaff

THREADING CO.

square inches is used in various tubular goods equations. The formulas

describedbelowarebasedonfullsections,exclusiveofcornerradii.

{1a}RoundTube:A=p/4(D5d5)

IndustryNews

Where:

Links

ContactUs

D=OutsideDiameter,inchesd=InsideDiameter,inches

Example:Calculatethecrosssectionalareaofa7"O.D.x.500"walltube.

D=7.000d=7.0002(.500)=6.000inches

PreviousPage

A=p/4(D5d5)

A=3.1415/4(7.00056.0005)

A=10.210inches

{1b}SquareTube:A=D5d5

Where:

D=OutsideLength,inchesd=InsideLength,inches

Example:Calculatethecrosssectionalareaofa7"O.D.x.500"walltube.

D=7.000d=7.0002(.500)=6.000inches

A=D5d5

A=4936=13

A=13.00inches5

{1c}RectangularTube:A=D1Dd1d

Where:

D=OutsideLength,longside,inches

D1=OutsideLength,shortside,inches

d=InsideLength,longside,inches

d1=InsideLength,shortside,inches

Example:Calculatethecrosssectionalareaofa

4"x6"rectangulartubewith.500"wallthickness.

D=6.00"D1=4.00"d=5.00"d1=3.00"

A=D1Dd1d

A=4.00(6.00)3.00(5.00)=9.00

A=9.00inches5

per foot is used in connection with pipe to describe the nominal or specified

weight per foot. This weight does not account for adjustments in weight due to

endfinishingsuchasupsettingorthreading.

{2}Wpe=10.68(Dt)t

Where:

Wpe = plain end weight, calculated to 4 decimal places and rounded to 2

decimals,pounds/foot

D=SpecifiedOutsideDiameterofthePipe,inches

t=SpecifiedWallThickness,inches

Example: Calculate the plain end weight of pipe having a specified O.D. of 7

inchesandawallthicknessof.540inches.

Wpe=10.68(7.000.540).540

Wpe=37.2561

Wpe=37.26pounds/foot

3.INTERNALYIELDPRESSUREBURSTRESISTANCE(P):

The internal yield pressure or burst resistance of pressure bearing pipe is

expressed in pounds/square inch (psi). The .875 factor is to allow for minimum

permissiblewallbasedonAPIcriteriaforOCTGandlinepipe.Thisfactorcanbe

changed based on other applicable specifications regarding minimum

permissiblewallthickness.

{3}P=0.875[2Ypt/D]

Where:

P = Minimum Internal Yield Pressure (Burst Resistance) in pounds per square

inch,roundedtothenearest10psi.

Yp=SpecifiedMinimumYieldStrength,poundspersquareinch.

t=Nominal(specified)WallThickness,inches

D=Nominal(specified)OutsideDiameter,inches

Example:Calculatetheburstresistanceof7"O.D.x.540"wallAPIL80casing.

P=0.875[2Ypt/D]

P=0.875[(2)(80,000)(.540)/7]

P=10,800psi

4.PIPESPECIFICATIONSBASICS

PressureDeterminations:Barlow'sFormulaiscommonlyusedtodetermine:

1.InternalPressureatMinimumYield

2.UltimateBurstingPressure

3.MaximumAllowableWorkingPressure

4.MillHydrostaticTestPressure

ThisformulaisexpressedasP=2Stwhere:

P=Pressure,psig

I=Nominalwallthickness,inches

D=OutsideDiameter,inches

S=AllowableStress,psi,whichdependsonthepressurebeingdetermined

To illustrate, assume a piping systems 8 5/8" O.D. x .375" wall has a specified

minimum yield strength (SMYS) of 35,000 psi and a specified minimum tensile

strengthof80,000psi.

For1.InternalPressureofMinimumYield

S=SMYS(35,000)psiand

P=2St=(2)(35,000)(0.375)

D8.625=3043or3040psig(roundedtonearest10psig)

For2.UltimateBurstingPressure

S=SpecifiedMinimumTensiteStrength(60,000psi)and

P=2St=(2)(60,000)(0.375)

D8.625=5217or5220psig(roundedtonearest10psig)

For3.MaximumAllowableWorkingPressure(MAOP)

S=SMYS(35,000psi)reducedbyadesignfactor,usually0.72and

P=2St=(2)(35,000x2)(0.375)

D8.625=2191or2190psig(roundedtonearest10psig)

For4.MillHydrostaticTestPressure

S = SMYS (35,000 psi) reduced by a factor depending on O.D. grade (0.60 for 8

5/8"O.D.gradeB)and

P=2St=(2)(35,000x0.60)(0.375)

D8.625=1826or1830psig(roundedtonearest10psig)

WallThickness

Barlow's Formula is also useful in determining the wall thickness required for a

pipingsystem.Toillustrate,assumeapipingsystemhasbeendesignedwiththe

followingcriteria:

1.Aworkingpressureof2,000psi(P)

2.Thepipetobeusedis85/8"O.D.(D)specifiedtoASTMA53gradeB(SMYS

35,000psi)

RearrangingBarlow'sFormulatosolveforwallthicknessgives:

t=PD=(2,000)(8.625)=0.246"wall

2S(2)(35,000)

Wall thickness has no relation to outside diameter only the inside diameter is

affected. For example, the outside diameter of a oneinch extra strong piece of

pipe compared with a oneinch standard weight piece of pipe is identical

however, the inside diameter of the extrastrong is smaller than the inside

diameterofthestandardweightbecausethewallthicknessisgreaterintheextra

strongpipe.

beingdisplacedthroughapipeortheamountofvolumeofanirrigationwell,the

followingformulaisapplicable:

Q=3.61AH%Y

Where:

Q=DischargeinGallonsperminutes

A=Areaofthepipe,inchessquared

H=Horizontalmeasurement,inches

Y=verticalmeasurement,inches

Example:Calculate the discharge of a 10" pipe which has an area of 78.50 in2, a

horizontalmeasurementof12"andaverticalmeasurementof12".

Q=3.61AH

%Y

Q=3.61(78.50)(12)

%12

Q=3400.62

3.464

Q=981.70gallonsperminute

This formula is a close approximation of the actual measurement of the volume

being displaced. The simplest method is to measure a 12 inch vertical

measurementasastandardprocedure,thenmeasurethedistancehorizontallyto

thepointofthe12"verticalmeasurement.

GENERALTECHNICALINFORMATION

WATER

One miner's inch: 1 1/2 cubic feet per minute = 11.25 U.S. gallons per minute =

flowperminutethrough1inchsquareopeningin2inchthickplankunderahead

of 6 1/2 inches to center of orifice in Arizona, California, Montana, Nevada and

Oregon. 9 U.S. gallons per minute in Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico,

NorthDakota,SouthDakotaandUtah.

Onehorsepower:33,000ft.poundsperminute

Cubicfeetpersecond:Gallonsperminute449

TheoreticalwaterUSGPMxheadinfeetxSp.Gr.

horsepower:3960

TheoreticalwaterUSGPMxheadinpounds

horsepower:1714

Brakehorsepower:Theoreticalwaterhorsepower

Pumpefficiency

Velocityinfeet.408xUSGalPerMin=.32xGPM

persecond:Pipediameterininches2pipearea

Oneacrefoot:325,850USgallons

1,000,000USgallonsperday:695USgallonsperminute

500poundsperhour:1USgallonperminute

Doublingthediameterofapipeorcylinderincreasesitscapacityfourtimes

Frictionofliquidsinpipesincreasesasthesquareofthevelocity.

giventime=

CubicFeetofwaterx144

areaofpipeinsq.inches

Area of required pipe, the volume and velocity of water being given = No. cubic

feetwaterx144

Velocityinfeetpermin.

Fromthisareathesizepiperequiredmaybeselectedfromthetableofstandard

pipedimensions.

Atmosphericpressureatsealevelis14.7poundspersquareinch.Thispressure

withaperfectvacuumwillmaintainacolumnofmercury29.9inchesoracolumn

ofwater33.9feethigh.Thisisthetheoreticaldistancethatwatermanubedrawn

bysuction.Inpractice,however,pumpsshouldnothaveatotaldynamicsuction

liftgreaterthat25feet.

CRUDEOIL

Onegallon:58,310grains

Onebarreloil:42USgallons

Onebarrelperhour:.7USgallonsperminute

Gallonsperminute:bbls.perdayx.02917

Bbls.perhour:gallonsperminutex.7

Onebarrelperday:.02917gallonsperminute

Gallonsperminute:bbls.perdayx.02917

Bbls.perday:gallonsperminutex.02917

Velocityinfeetpersecond:.0119xbbls.perdayxpipedia.ininches2 x .2856 x

bbls.perhourxpipedia.ininches2

Nethorsepower:Thetheoreticalhorsepowernecessarytodothework

Nethorsepower:Barrelsperdayxpressurex.000017

Nethorsepower:Barrelsperhourxpressurex.000408

Nethorsepower:Gallonspermin.xpressurex.000583

The customary method of indicating specific gravity of petroleum oils in this

country is by means of the Baume scale. Since the Baume scale, for specific

gravitiesofliquidslighterthanwater, increases inversely as the true gravity, the

heaviestoil,i.e.,thatwhichhasthehighesttruespecificgravity,isexpressedby

thelowestfigureoftheBaumescalethelightestbythehighestfigure.

MISCELLANEOUS

Areasofcirclesaretoeachotherasthesquaresoftheirdiameters.

Circumferencediameterofcirclex3.1416

Areacirclediametersquaredx.7854

Diametercirclecircumferencex.31831

Volumeofspherecubeofdiameterx.5236

Squarefeetsquareinchesx.00695

Cubicfeetcubicinchesx.00058

Cubicyardcubicfeetx.03704

Statutemileslinealfeetx.00019

Statutemileslinealyardsx.000568

1gallon8.33pounds

1liter.2642gallons

1cubicfeet7.48gallonsand/or62.35pounds

1meter3.28feet

STATICHEAD

Staticheadistheverticaldistancebetweenthefreelevelof the source of supply

and the point of free discharge, or to the level of the free surface of the

dischargedliquid.

TOTALDYNAMICHEAD

Totaldynamicheadistheverticaldistancebetweensourceofsupplyandpointof

discharge when pumping at required capacity, plus velocity head friction,

entranceandexitlosses.

Totaldynamicheadasdeterminedontestwheresuctionliftexists,isthereading

ofthemercurycolumnconnectedtothesuctionnozzleofthepump,plusreading

ofapressuregageconnectedtodischargenozzleofpump,plusverticaldistance

betweenpointofattachmentofmercurycolumnandcenterofgage,plusexcess,

ifany,ofvelocityheadofdischargeovervelocityheadofsuction,asmeasuredat

pointswheretheinstrumentsareattached,plusheadofwaterrestingonmercury

column,ifany.

Total dynamic head, as determined on tests where suction head exists, is the

readingofthegageattachedtothedischargenozzleofpump,minusthereading

of a gage connected to the suction nozzle of pump, plus or minus vertical

distance between centers of gages (depending upon whether suction gage is

below or above discharge gage), plus excess, if any, of the velocity head of

dischargeovervelocityheadofsuctionasmeasuredatpointswhereinstruments

areattached.

Total dynamic discharge head is the total dynamic head minus dynamic suction

lift,ofplusdynamicsuctionhead.

SUCTIONLIFT

Suction lift exists when the suction measured at the pump nozzle and corrected

tothecenterlineofthepumpisbelowatmosphericpressure.

Static suction lift is the vertical distance from the free level of the source of

supplytocenterlineofpump.

Dynamic suction lift is the vertical distance from the source of supply when

pumpingatrequiredcapacity,tocenterlineofpump,plusvelocityhead,entrance

and friction loss, but not including internal pump losses, where static suction

head exists but where the losses exceed the static suction head the dynamic

suction lift is the sum of the velocity head, entrance, friction, minus the static

suctionhead,butnotincludinginternalpumplosses.

Dynamicsuctionliftasdeterminedontest,isthereadingofthemercurycolumn

connected to suction nozzle of pump, plus vertical distance between point of

attachment of mercury column to centerline of pump, plus bead of water resting

onmercurycolumn,ifany.

SUCTIONHEAD

Suction head (sometimes called head of suction) exists when the pressure

measured at the suction nozzle and corrected to the centerline of the pump is

aboveatmosphericpressure.

Static suction head is the vertical distance from the free level of the source of

supplytocenterlineofpump.

Dynamic suction head is the vertical distance from the source of supply, when

pumping at required capacity, to centerline of pump, minus velocity head,

entrance,friction,butnotminusinternalpumplosses.

Dynamicsuctionhead,asdeterminedontest,isthereadingofagageconnected

tosuctionnozzleofpump,minusverticaldistancefromcenterofgagetocenter

line of pump. Suction head, after deducting the various losses, many be a

negativequantity,inwhichcaseaconditionequivalenttosuctionliftwillprevail.

VELOCITYHEAD

Thevelocityhead(sometimescalled"headduetovelocity")ofwatermovingwith

a given velocity, is the equivalent head through which it would have to fall to

acquire the same velocity: or the head necessary merely to accelerate the water.

Knowing the velocity, we can readily figure the velocity head from the simple

formula:

h=V2

2g

in which "g" is acceleration due to gravity, or 32.16 feet per second or knowing

thehead,wecantransposetheformulato:

V=%2gh

andthusobtainthevelocity.

The velocity head is a factor in figuring the total dynamic head, but the value is

usually small, and in most cases negligible however, it should be considered

whenthetotalheadislowandalsowhenthesuctionliftishigh.

Wherethesuctionanddischargepipesarethesamesize,itisonlynecessaryto

includeinthetotalheadthevelocityheadgeneratedinthesuctionpiping.Ifthe

discharge piping is of different size than the suction piping, which is often the

case, then it will be necessary to use the velocity in the discharge pipe for

computingthevelocityheadratherthanthevelocityinthesuctionpipe.

Velocity head should be considered in accurate testing also, as it is part of the

totaldynamicheadandconsequentlyaffectsthedutyaccomplished.

In testing a pump, a vacuum gage or a mercury column is generally used for

obtaineddynamicsuctionlift.Themercurycolumnorvacuumgagewillshowthe

velocity head combined with entrance head, friction head, and static suction lift.

Onthedischargeside,apressuregageisusuallyused,butapressuregagewill

not indicate velocity head and this must, therefore, be obtained either by

calculating the velocity or taking reading with a Pitometer. Inasmuch as the

velocityvariesconsiderablyatdifferentpointsinthecrosssectionofastreamit

is important, in using the Pitometer, to take a number of readings at different

pointsinthecrosssection.

Atable,givingtherelationbetweenvelocityandvelocityheadisprintedbelow:

Velocityinfeet

persecond

Velocityheadin Velocityinfeet

feet

persecond

Velocity head

infeet

.02

9.5

1.40

.06

10

1.55

.14

10.5

1.70

.25

11

1.87

.39

11.5

2.05

.56

12

2.24

.76

13

2.62

1.00

14

3.05

8.5

1.12

15

3.50

1.25

NETPOSITIVESUCTIONHEAD

NPSH stands for "Net Positive Suction Head". It is defined as the suction gage

readinginfeetabsolutetakenonthesuctionnozzlecorrectedtopumpcenterline,

minus the vapor pressure in feet absolute corresponding to the temperature of

the liquid, plus velocity head at this point. When boiling liquids are being

pumped from a closed vessel NPSH is the static liquid head in the vessel above

thepumpcenterlineminusentranceandfrictionlosses.

VISCOSITY

Viscosityistheinternalfrictionofaliquidtendingtoreduceflow.

are several makes, viz. Saybolt Universal Tangliabue Engler (used chiefly in

Continental countries) Redwood (used in British Isles and Colonies). In the

United States the Saybolt and Tangliabue instruments are in general use. With

few exceptions. Viscosity is expressed as the number of seconds required for a

definite volume of fluid under a arbitrary head to flow through a standardized

apertureatconstanttemperature.

SPECIFICGRAVITY

Specificgravityistheratiooftheweightofanyvolumetotheweightofanequal

volumeofsomeothersubstancetaken as a standard at stated temperatures. For

solidsorliquids,thestandardisusuallywater,andforgassesthestandardisair

orhydrogen.

Footpounds:Unitofwork

HorsePower(H.P.):(33,000ft.poundsperminute746watts.746kilowatts)Unit

formeasurementofpowerorrateofwork

Voltamperes:Productofvoltsandamperes

KilovoltAmperes(KVA):1000voltamperes

Watthour:Smallunitofelectricalworkwattstimeshours

Kilowatthour(KWHr):Largeunitofelectricalwork1000watthours

HorsePowerhour(HPHr):Unitofmechanicalwork

To determine the cost of power, for any specific period of time working hours

perday,week,monthoryear:

No.ofworkinghrs,x.746xH.P.motor=KWHrconsumed

EfficiencyofmotoratMotorTerminal

KWHrconsumedatMotorTerminalxRateperKWHr=Totalcostcurrentfortime

specified

Torqueisthatforcewhichproducesortendstoproducetorsion(aroundanaxis).

Turning effort. It may be thought of as a twist applied to turn a shaft. It can be

defined as the push or pull in pounds, along an imaginary circle of one foot

radius which surrounds the shaft, or, in an electric motor, as the pull or drag at

the surface of the armature multiplied by the radius of the armature, the term

beingusuallyexpressedinfootpounds(orpoundsat1footradius).

Starting torque is the torque which a motor exerts when starting. It can be

measureddirectlybyfasteningapieceofbeltto24"diameterpulley,wrappingit

partwayroundandmeasuringthepoundspullthemotorcanexert,withaspring

balance.Inpractice,anypulleycanbeusedfortorque=lbs.pullxpulleyradius

infeet.Amotorthathasaheavystartingtorqueisonethatstartsupeasilywitha

heavyload.

Running torque is the pull in pounds a motor exerts on a belt running over a

pulley24"indiameter.

Full load torque is the turning moment required to develop normal horsepower

outputatnormalspeed.

Thetorqueofanymotoratanyoutputwithaknownspeedmaybedeterminedby

theformula:

T=BrakeH.P.x5250

R.P.M.

With a known footpounds torque, the horsepower at any given speed can be

determinedbytheformula:

H.P.=TxR.P.M.

5250

H.P.=Txspeedofbelton24"pulleyinfeetperminute33000

COSTOFPUMPINGWATER

Costper1000gallonspumped:.189xpowercostperKWHrxheadinfeet

Pumpeff.xMotoreff.x60

Example:Powercosts.01perk.w.hourpumpefficiencyis75%motorefficiency

is85%totalheadis50feet.

.189x.01x50=$.0025or1/4ofacent

.75x.85x60

Costperhourofpumping:

.000189xg.p.m.xheadinftxpowercostperKWHr

PumpefficiencyxMotorefficiency

Costperacrefootofwater:

1.032xheadinftxpowerperKWHr

PumpefficiencyxMotorefficiency

Pumpefficiency:g.p.m.xheadinfeet

3960xb.h.p.(topump)

Head:3960xPumpeff.xb.h.pxg.p.m.

b.h.p.(Brakehorsepower)topump:Motorefficiencyxh.p.atmotor

b.h.p.:g.p.m.xheadinfeetx3960xPumpeff.

g.p.m.:3960xPumpeff.xb.h.p.xheadinfeet

METERS

(DiskConstantMethod)

KilowattsInput=KWin=KxRx3.60xt

HPInput=HPin=KxRx3600=4.83xKxRxtx746t

K constant representing number os watthours through meter for on revolution

ofthedisk.(Usuallyfoundonmeternameplateorfaceofdisk)

Rnumberofrevolutionsofthedisk

tsecondsforRrevolutions

Costper1000gallonsofwater:

C=746xrxHPinxGPH

Ccostindollarsper1000gallons

rpowerrateperkilowatthour(dollars)

HPinHPinputmeasuredatthemeter(seeabove)

Htotalpumpinghead

GPHgallonsperhourdischargedbypump

Costper1000gallonsofwater

Foreachfootofhead:

C=746xrxHPinxHxGPH

Costperhour:

C=.746xrxHPin

Telephone:3072342058Fax:3074721903PostalAddress:1964E.1stStreetCasper,WY82601

ElectronicMail:GeneralInformation:info@intermountain.comSales:sales@intermountain.com

CustomerSupport:support@intermountain.comWebmaster:webmaster@intermountain.com

InterMountain Copyright,2002

AllRightsReserved

SiteDesign:RatGraphics

Thissiteis WyomingMade

- Concrete Pipes Reference ManualUploaded bySixto Gerardo
- S0001222003-H1-R02_ORH-TP-C-00001Uploaded byBassem Balghouthi
- Danfoss OMMUploaded byDi Scott
- LEXE7581-05Uploaded byRoger Follano
- Save Money on Car Rentals in France - Megane EstateUploaded byadrianbertt
- Applied HydrogeologyUploaded byElizabeth Holden
- Fluid Machinery PumpsUploaded byotilem1992
- Cat.marine Analisis Selection GuideUploaded byRomulo Alvarez
- Liebherr Pr 712 Litronic Final DrivesUploaded byLiebherr
- Retention Time.xlsUploaded byjowar
- Funk Modular Pump Drive Selection Guide 01Uploaded bychristian
- Unidad Hidraulica Climax 5000Uploaded byEduardo Efrain Rubio
- The Tank Farm OperationsUploaded byGeorge Uranta
- UPnewUploaded byhardik033
- Cent PumpUploaded byMohamed Rjeb
- 20700e - 500 HS 750 - 650 HS 1100Uploaded byNelson Enrique Alvarez Moreno
- Pipe Head Loss CalUploaded bySUKANTA DALAI
- 13 - Sharp and Broad-crested Weirs - Sutherland TaylorUploaded byনীল জোছনা
- Centrifugal Pumps & Positive Displacement Pumps CoursesUploaded byحيدرالركابي
- 6110 L23 Manifold Hydraulic DesignUploaded byEugenio Durban
- 2013 FE Review WSU.pptUploaded bySai Kumar
- Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics (Problem Set 5)Uploaded byKaraline Marces
- Solution to Probset EM 156Uploaded byApolinario Javier Katipunan
- eng_utspecial.pdfUploaded byklasicek
- LKH_enUploaded byXavi X Qunqi
- Intro Peep Day1 ExercisesUploaded bywarrior_2008
- PHY11T1WorkUploaded byanon_247150532
- asdfasdfUploaded byrosegonzales
- Cold storage plantUploaded byAhmed Nowar
- Water Distributions.pdfUploaded byAngel Mouri

- Initial & Final Setting Time (Is_4031-Part 5-1988) - CivilblogUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Some_Basic_Structural_Consideration.pdfUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Effect of Planar Solid Shear Wall - Frame Arrangement on the Deformation Behaviour of Multi-Storey FramesUploaded byInternational Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)
- nistgcr10-917-5Uploaded bygustic1
- Design and Analysis1 150327143756 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byAhmed Alsaady
- Lap Welded Joint_Apostolopoulos-DimitrovUploaded byaditya2053
- BNBC_1993Uploaded bygdl111
- 3_EffectiveLengthKfactorsforFrameMembers.pdfUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Aisi SpecificationsUploaded bynatrajiitm
- Engineering Students Understand the Elastic Neutral Axis but What About the Plastic Neutral AxisUploaded byAnonymous fKv3jsA
- Optimum Range of Slenderness Ratio for Braces in SpecialUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- s 4-e Design Examples - AllUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- S 4-e DESIGN EXAMPLES - ALL.pdfUploaded bymtuanlatoi9704
- Structural Design Learning ManualUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- ANALYSIS_OF_A_STEEL_FRAMED_BUILDING_WITH.pdfUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- SSRC Column CurvesUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- FDM Beam Buckling UniformUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Shear Wall Design According ACI (SI)Uploaded byআকাশআহসান
- kb-P-Deltaeffect-200217-1032-2172Uploaded byআকাশআহসান
- 1.Sikshae MonovidyaUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Isosceles Triangle Area and Properties CalculatorUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- T-Beam (Tee Section) Sectional Properties CalculatorUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- What is Mean by Coupling Beam _ _ Unsolved-EngineeringUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Testing of Building Stones - Rock Tests on Lab & FieldUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Soil Spring Constant - Foundation Engineering - Eng-TipsUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- Bearing Capacity Technical Guidance on the Geotechnical Information WebsiteUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- WikiEngineer __ Structural __ Steel Beam Design.pdfUploaded byআকাশআহসান
- BEARING PLATE Sample CalculationsUploaded byআকাশআহসান

- Giegel Presentation at Users Group in Anaheim 2012Uploaded byThameemul Buhari
- Switch Gear Evaluation ReportUploaded byahmedkassem06
- rqm_pdf_15296Uploaded byjaburico
- Solar-Wind Hybrid Power Generation SystemUploaded byIRJET Journal
- wiring repair and replacement.pdfUploaded byCesar Bayes Ramos
- Pressure Limit Switch M22SDE02FUploaded byFrancisco Manuel Pelaez Ruiz
- Reciprocating Process Gas CompressorsUploaded byedosvirac
- 200090buildingasolidprojectmanagementsystemwithprimaveraandothertoolsatfusionforenergy-150611050337-lva1-app6891.pdfUploaded bySri Dharan
- 11 Chemistry Handout Chapter 1Uploaded byUphar Jaiswal
- Phy F5 MidYr 2011 P1 ExamUploaded byGan KJ
- 06.09.10 - Presentation 4 - Guillermo Kelly - Demostración de Tecnología Geoleach en Quebrada BlancaUploaded byworquera2507
- Control Valve CharacteristicsUploaded bygifitrianggraeni
- Solar Power Engineer-Ahmed KamalUploaded byahmed
- Enlargement of 24 Harman St.Uploaded byMichael Germanovsky
- Gates Quad Power II VersionnewUploaded bywino
- VaishaliUploaded bynice guy
- Carbon Credit Market structureUploaded byshaddythemaddy
- MABE_012412_web (1)Uploaded byAltairKorea
- Health Zapper Circuits - DIY and Experimentation - Heretical BuildersUploaded byrosfinxxx9383
- Front End Loader ManualUploaded bymealysr
- WormholesUploaded byVera Gardasevic Mitrovic
- Lecture 2: EnthalpyUploaded byNAYEEM
- 03_07-08Uploaded byTayachew Berhan
- t4r-ig-en1h32318057-001uk07r0816Uploaded byFrodo
- 70.61.8.400.0000-FinderUploaded byhidalguenxe
- L1-Well Life Cycle- Done 19janUploaded bymirzafarhath
- (191018) Aerospace Co. - BainUploaded byRossieDameLasria
- Cellular-Antennas-Myths-And-FactsUploaded bymuktikanta
- SD5073_BREEAM_2011_New_Construction_Technical_Guide_ISSUE_2_0.pdfUploaded byBranErik
- Glycol DehydrationUploaded byThanasis Kyriakidis