chapter 1 -3

© All Rights Reserved

27 views

chapter 1 -3

© All Rights Reserved

- Lec 3 Fatigue Failure 031004_for_students.ppt
- ENGINEERING ROCK MASS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
- Ductile Bolted Connections
- Macro Structure Examination
- 4281_-17_Fatigue
- Design Report
- Al-Steel Spot Welding
- AWS D8.1M 2013
- Latest Release
- 10025-2_2004_mech
- Restrepo Rodriguez ACI Journal 110-s56
- Fatigue Thresholds
- When to Use Which Fatigue Analysis Method
- Ultimate Limit State Analysis of a segementeed tunnel lining.pdf
- BME 2603 chap 4 fatigue
- Papas Lebet
- Failure Criteria for FRP Laminates by Carlos G Davila et al.pdf
- 1-s2.0-S2352012417300607-main
- COMPOSITE MATERIALS 2 MARK QUESTIONS 5 UNITS.docx
- Neuberovo pravilo.pdf

You are on page 1of 26

ENGINEERING DESIGN

FATIGUE FAILURE

Dr. Muhd Ridzuan Mansor

Dr. Shamsul Anuar Shamsudin

Dr. Roszaidi Ramlan

Mdm. Mastura Taha

Learning Objectives

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Identify various kinds of loading commonly encountered by

Define the concept of fatigue.

Define the material property of endurance strength and

Define the Factor of Safety of element under fatigue loading.

Fatigue Loadings

Introduction

Machine members are found to fail under the

stresses were well below the yield strength.

The most distinguishing characteristic of the

fatigue failure is that the stresses have been

repeated a very large number of times.

A fatigue failure begins with a small crack.

Once a crack has developed, the stressconcentration effect becomes greater and the

crack progresses more rapidly.

Fatigue Loadings

Fatigue Failures

advance.

fatigue failure gives no warning; it is sudden and total,

and hence dangerous.

complicated phenomenon

Anyone who lacks knowledge of fatigue can double or triple factors

of safety and get a design that will not fail.

Fatigue failure of a bolt due to repeated

unidirectional bending

A fatigue failure arises from three stages of

development:

not usually visible to the naked eyes).

like fracture surfaces separated by

longitudinal ridges (in the form of dark and

light bands referred to as beach marks).

Fatigue Loadings

Fatigue Life Methods in Fatigue Failure Analysis

Let

- For

- For

, generally classified as high-cycle fatigue

Three major fatigue life methods used in design and analysis are

low-cycle fatigue; however, it is the most traditional and easiest to

implement for a wide range of applications.

2. strain-life method : involves more detailed analysis, especially good for lowcycle fatigue; however, idealizations in the methods make it less practical

when uncertainties are present.

present. Practical with computer codes in predicting in crack growth with

respect to stress intensity factor

Fatigue Loadings

The most widely used fatigue-testing

rotating-beam machine.

Specimens in R.R. Moore machines

are subjected to pure bending by

means of added weights.

Other fatigue-testing machines are

available for applying fluctuating or

reversed axial stresses, torsional

stresses, or combined stresses to the

test specimens.

Fatigue Loadings

S-N Curve

constant bending load is applied, and

the number of revolutions of the beam

required for failure is recorded.

are conducted.

diagram.

emphasize the bend in the S-N curve.

strength, , at a specific number

of cycles

Fatigue Loadings

Characteristics of S-N

Curves for Metals

In the case of steels, a knee occurs

failure will not occur, no matter how

great the number of cycles - this

knee is called the endurance limit,

denoted as

Non-ferrous metals and alloys do

not have an endurance limit, since

their S-N curve never become

horizontal.

For materials with no endurance

limit, the fatigue strength is

normally reported at

For steels, the endurance limit

tensile strength as observed in

experimental measurements.

From the observations, the

endurance of steels can be

estimated as

rotating-beam specimen.

Strength and Modification Factors

The endurance limit of the rotating-beam specimen

might differ from the actual application due to the

following differences from laboratory tests.

- material

- manufacturing

- environment

- design

Therefore, Joseph Marin identified factors that

quantified the effects of surface condition, size,

loading, temperature and miscellaneous items.

Factors

The Marin equation is therefore written as:

where

= surface condition modification factor

= size modification factor

= load modification factor

= temperature modification factor

= reliability factor

= miscellaneous-effects modification factor

= rotary-beam test specimen endurance limit

Factors

Surface factor, ka

Surface Factor : the surface modification factor depends

on the tensile strength of the part material. It can be

calculated as

Factors

Size factor, kb

For axial loading,

volume of the material stressed at and above 95 percent of the maximum stress to

the same volume in the rotating-beam.

Factors

Loading factor, kc

Temperature factor, kd

Factors

Reliability factor, ke

Most endurance strength data are reported as mean values.

To account for the scatter of measurement data, the reliability modification factor is

written as

Factors

Miscellaneous-Effect factor, kf

stresses, different material treatments,

directional characteristics of operations, and

corrosion.

AVAILABLE.

Fatigue Strength

Fatigue Strength

Fatigue strength is defined as the maximum

of cycles without failure. Low cycle fatigue

strength approaches the static strength. When

the number of cycles exceeds one million to ten

million, the fatigue strength falls to a fraction of

the static strength.

For example: Copper beryllium alloys resist

fatigue failure with high static strength,

toughness, and an ability to diffuse strain by work

hardening.

Fatigue Strength

For actual mechanical applications, the fatigue

general form as:

: cycle to failure

Next figure is a plot of f for 490 < Sut < 1400 MPa

For Sut < 490 MPa let f = 0.9.

Fatigue Strength

Se = Se = 0.5Sut

Fatigue Stress

Concentration Factor

Stress concentration factor is defined as the localisation

of high stresses due to regulates or abrupt changes of

the cross-section.

elementary equations for minimum cross section.

Where

(equation 3-48).

If q = 0, then Kf = 1 the material has no sensitivity

to notches at all.

If q = 1, then Kf = Kt the material has full notch

sensitivity.

bending or axial load

Please watch

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ywDsB3umK2Y

Mohrs Circle Applet:

http://www.ijee.ie/OnlinePapers/Interactive/Philpot/mohr_l

earning_tool.htm

Moment of Inertia; Shear-Bending Moment Diagrams etc

http://bendingmomentdiagram.com/

THANK YOU!

REFERENCES:

[1] Keith Nisbett, Richard Budynas. 2014. Shigley's Mechanical

Engineering Design. 10th ed., McGraw-Hill, NY.

[2] Joseph Shigley, Charles Mischke. Eds. 1996. Standard Handbook of

Machine Design. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, NY.

- Lec 3 Fatigue Failure 031004_for_students.pptUploaded bysenthilmh
- ENGINEERING ROCK MASS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdfUploaded bymafer
- Ductile Bolted ConnectionsUploaded byLeo Lee
- Macro Structure ExaminationUploaded bylahiru
- 4281_-17_FatigueUploaded byAndrew Gilbride
- Design ReportUploaded byTyumuu Feweu
- Al-Steel Spot WeldingUploaded byChoirul Anwar
- AWS D8.1M 2013Uploaded byvishesh dharaiya
- Latest ReleaseUploaded byTimmyJuri
- Restrepo Rodriguez ACI Journal 110-s56Uploaded byCONSTHURAG2012
- Fatigue ThresholdsUploaded byDav89
- Ultimate Limit State Analysis of a segementeed tunnel lining.pdfUploaded byFelipe Pérez Pérez
- 10025-2_2004_mechUploaded byTasmanijskaNema
- When to Use Which Fatigue Analysis MethodUploaded byHumayun Nawaz
- BME 2603 chap 4 fatigueUploaded bySri Vitthyatharan
- Papas LebetUploaded byVladan Beric
- Failure Criteria for FRP Laminates by Carlos G Davila et al.pdfUploaded byJorge Yarasca
- 1-s2.0-S2352012417300607-mainUploaded byDiego Velasco
- COMPOSITE MATERIALS 2 MARK QUESTIONS 5 UNITS.docxUploaded byM.Thirunavukkarasu
- Neuberovo pravilo.pdfUploaded byMark Jurich
- 7-8 PB2 Design_2007Uploaded bytimsyki
- An Investigation About InterferenceUploaded bym shafahi
- 413_p_H_manUploaded bysamichel
- SPE-168321-MSUploaded byAnkit Sharma
- 9511-30853-1-PB.pdfUploaded bySSM
- Apostila_Veiculos NicolazziUploaded byRenan Sartori
- TSCF_IP_004_2013_HTSUploaded byxeyran
- Steel Fibre Reinforcing Characteristics on the Size Reduction of Fly Ash Based ConcreteUploaded byMARIANGELA_PRIETOHER
- 06Uploaded bytez
- wjg059_WZL.pdfUploaded byPriyanka Jain

- Federal Constitution of MalaysiaUploaded byuppercaise
- SMH Rail Sdn Bhd_ InnoTrans - AusstellerUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of SiC &Al2O3 Filled Jute;Epoxy CompositesUploaded bychoon yong loh
- CFD Modeling of Heat Transfer Performance of MgO-water Nanofluid Under Turbulent FlowUploaded bychoon yong loh
- CFD Modeling (Comparing Single and Two-phase Approaches) on Thermal Performance of Al2o3water Nanofluid in Mini-channel Heat SinkUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Video Questions for Chapter 2Uploaded bychoon yong loh
- Chapter 3-1 Basic Kinematics_RR1Uploaded bychoon yong loh
- Chapter 2-1 FEAUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Chapter 1-2 Design Against Failure_TutorialUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Chapter 1-1 Design Against FailureUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Rev_3.pdfUploaded bychoon yong loh
- ch9_3WUploaded bychoon yong loh
- ch8_3WUploaded bychoon yong loh
- Tutorial 2 Equilibrium of a ParticleUploaded bychoon yong loh

- Metal Fatigue in PaperclipsUploaded bymenonharsh
- Fatigue TestUploaded bymateel
- Schijve_Fatigue of Structures and Materials - 2nd - 2008 - SOLUTION MANUALUploaded byOlli1974
- MD Chapter FiveUploaded byabhijeet7362
- Verification of Class B S-N Curve for Fatigue Design of Steel ForgingsUploaded byDocuement Docuement
- RESIDUAL STRESS EFFECT ON FATIGUE STRENGTH OF NON-LOAD-CARRYING CRUCIFORM WELDED JOINTS OF SM570Q STEEL FOR WELDED STRUCTURES.pdfUploaded byEmad A.Ahmad
- FatigueUploaded bySanyam Madaan
- FATIGUE AND IMPACTUploaded byAlexDiaz
- Ch. 1 Introduction to Machine Design FinalUploaded bymizab
- Tutorial 8Uploaded bysnoozerman
- 3a_8.1 a 8.11FRATURA E FADIGA.pdfUploaded bymatheus oliveira
- Chapter 02 - Aluminum Alloys.pdfUploaded byHuselius
- 2 Research in 20th CenturyUploaded byRamona Le
- Very hihg cycle fatigue of engineering materialsUploaded byFilipe Lucena
- FailureStudies in Matls_ch8Uploaded byAli Mohsin
- 10.1.1.144.9002 SW FatigueUploaded byb_woo
- Cyclic StressUploaded byBeljun Flores
- CompositeUploaded bySushanta Kumar Roy
- Fatigue Resistance of SteelsUploaded byalphading
- 1-s2.0-S0142112301001128-main.pdfUploaded byTuan Do
- fatigue.pdfUploaded byميسرة
- gearUploaded byrex
- Dome Unit-1 Q&A 100Uploaded byvarun692
- sn diagramUploaded byManas Kotru
- time dependent failureUploaded byHeather Smith
- 2-Lectures LEC 21 CH-07Uploaded byDadang Lukmanul Hakim
- Material Teknik UtsUploaded byHaryo Wawan
- Joints and Pains of Hydraulic CylindersUploaded byVinaySeeba
- Wxample - Solution Final Exam Question SKMM3623 1- UpdatedUploaded bykarimov1924
- Chapter 9e FatigueUploaded byArshad Ali