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Infinitive or Gerund

Verbs followed by
the GERUND
as a Direct Object
abhor
abide
acknowledge
admit
adore
anticipate
appreciate
avoid
be worth
begrudge
can't help
carry on
complete
confess
consider
countenance
contemplate
defer
delay
deny
detest
disclaim
dislike
drop
enjoy
envisage
escape
evade
face
facilitate
fancy
favour
feel like

Verbs followed by
the INFINITIVE
as a Direct Object
agree
afford
arrange
assent
be about
be bound
be wont
beg
beseech
care
challenge
choose
claim
command
compel
condescend
consent
contrive
decide
decline
deign
demand
desire
determine
direct
expect
endeavour
fail
fix
hasten
hesitate
hope
learn

Verbs followed by
the GERUND and INFINITIVE
as a Direct Object
attempt
bother
can't bear
cease
commence
continue
deserve
dread
endure
fear
forbear
intend
neglect
omit
plan
purpose
scorn

the action of the Remember to Infinitive takes close the place after the window.finish foresee give up imagine involve keep keep on leave off mention mind miss ponder postpone practise put off quit recall recollect relish repent resent resist resume risk shun suggest long manage offer opt persuade pledge prepare pretend proceed promise purport reckon refuse remain request resolve seek set out strive tend threaten trouble trust undertake venture wish would like Difference in Meaning between the Infinitive and the Gerund NOTE a paricular/ singular action INFINITIVE I don't like to go to the South now. hate a general/ the South every recurrent action year. love. I hate to trouble you. VERB GERUND NOTE like. regret. I like going to prefer. remember. Do you remember forget. etc closing the the action of the Gerund takes place before the act of .

give up not followed by an object. I regret having sold her that. They allowed smoking. expressing the person to whom the action is directed. the Gerund is not used: a) if the finite verb is in the continuous form. =make that experiment and see whether it is satisfactory She is afraid of =doubtful/anxious being punished about the by her parents. person to whom permit. forgetting or regtretting. followed by an allow. have in I mean to arrive mind as a tomorrow. begin. c) The door began to creak. b) with the verbs to understand. =want to do I am anxious to very much. stop We stopped talking. They allowed us recommend. nobody hears replaced by 'try you. =afraid This illness will =signify mean going to . have hear your news. prohibit =attempt.act of remembering. We stopped to have a talk. is often better. expressing the to smoke. advise. forgetting or regretting. directed. a) He is beginning to study French. consequences I am anxious about leaving the child alone in the house. start b) He began to understand it. the action is encourage. a great desire =intend. filled tell her parents with that she broke a apprehension cup. be afraid be anxious mean =to cease. to see (=to understand) c) if the subject denotes a lifeless thing. remembering. use Try knocking at one's utmost Try to behave the door if try efforts. object. =to put an end to an action for some purpose window before leaving? I regret to inform you that it is impossible. and do' She is afraid to =worried.

This flat requires whitewashing. to have to London on formed a plan Tuesday. We couldn't afford his signing up for another course. 'to have done' is used to denote an action which was not carried out in the past. suggest if preceded by a possessive pronoun or a noun in the possessive case . =put forward for consideration. I want to have my hair cut. The teacher went on to explain the use of the Gerund after the use if the Infinitive. My hair wants require cutting. go on stand propose How do you propose to finance this venture? if not preceded by a noun or a pronoun We can't afford to buy a new car.purpose or plan. the meaning is passive afford The teacher went on explaining the use of the Gerund. be in a position where one is likely to win. endure I propose delaying our decision until the next meeting. He didn't need to be reminded about it. You are required to be there by 9 o'clock. (=explained the rule and than started another) What do we stand to gain by the agreement? I propose to go =intend. I meant to have arrived yesterday but fell ill. need. want. continuation of the action denoted by the Gerund She can't stand being kept waiting. hospital. the meaning is active points out a new stage in the sequence of actions =run that risk. =can't bear.

me? . I was interested to read in the paper that sciences found out how the universe began. be interested I'm interested in working in =interested by the Switzerland. refers to what has happened.=interested by what one learns or experiences. idea of doing Can you help something.