2 views

Uploaded by Pradip Gupta

- Finite Element Structural & Thermal Analysis of Lock Plate
- IAS Reco Books
- MECH6390_Spring2013_Jan10
- FEMPrimer-Part1
- CMFF09WS_MTA4_Sheardetal
- Fea Final Paper
- External Loading Effects on Buried Pipelines
- Finite Element Analysis_intro
- 08 References
- Computer Aided Modeling and Analysis Laboratory
- 1084-1087 Tanque Elevado Liquido Estructura
- finite elements in solid mechanics
- r05311402 Finite Element Methods
- JHYPO_90_45
- Sp Method
- IRJET-Modal Analysis Of Cracked Continuous Beam Using ANSYS
- 23.12041105
- Meshing Strategy
- Project FEA
- FEM-06 Boundary Conditions

You are on page 1of 5

Lecture: 1

Preamble

The methodology discussed in the section of approximate methods can be generalized and

extended further leading to the development of finite element method. The whole structure may

be divided into small elements and the appropriate trial functions/shape functions may be derived

and applying approximate methods, the simultaneous algebraic equations may be developed in

the element level. Another important point may be noted here that a complex structural geometry

may be composed of several types of finite elements. The appropriate assembly procedure can be

applied to reconstruct the complex structure after assembling the finite elements. The concept of

finite element is more generalized to apply to any complex structure and analysis may be

performed.

In this section, bar and beams elements are derived and demonstrated how to get equilibrium

equations both in local elemental coordinate system and with respect to global coordinate

system.

E= modulus of elasticity

A=cross-sectional area

Integrating twice, we obtain

u x C1 x C2

30.6.2014

axial displacement is u2 . Hence we can write

u 0 u1 C2 and u h C1h C2 u2

Showing the above two equations we get,

u u

C1 2 1 and C2 u1

h

Inserting the constants C1 and C2 , we obtain the expression for the axial displacement

x

x

u x 1 u1 u2 L1u1 L2u2

h

h

Where

x

L1 1

h

x

L2

h

L1 1 at x 0 and L2 1 at x h

L2 0 at x 0 and L1 0 at x h

Characteristics of L1 & L2 are

The displacement u x is related to the nodal forces through the boundary conditions

EA

u

x

f1 ; EA

x 0

u

x

f2

xh

So that we have,

EA

u2 u1

u u

f1 and EA 2 1 f 2

h

h

K u F

u u1 u2 and F f1 f 2 ;

Where

T

30.6.2014

And

EA 1 1

h 1 1

u x L1 x u1 L2 x u2

Where

x

x

L1 x 1

L2 x

h

h

*

1

x

h

Shape Function

They are called as shape function or interpolation function

Let us assume that the axial displacement of the second-order system depicted in the earlier

discussion can be written in the form.

u x, t L1 x u1 t L2 x u2 t L x u t

T

vector of nodal displacement using the above equation the kinetic energy for the element is

simply

h

h

u x, t

u x, t u x, t

1

1

T t m x

dx

m x

dx

20

20

t

t t

2

T

T

1

m x u t L x L x u t dx

20

T

1

u t mu t

30.6.2014

Where m m x L x L x dx

T

1

dv

2

h

1

P dx

20

1

u u

AE dx

20

x x

h

h

u x, t

1

U t EA x

x

20

x

2

T

T

1

EA x u t L x L x u t dx

20

T

1

u t k u t

k EA x L x L x

dx

nonconservative energy we can write

h

w t f x, t u x, t dx

0

f x, t L x u t dx

T

f t u t

T

Where, f t f x, t L x dx

T

30.6.2014

f x, t And considering

Total Lagrangian

L T U

1

1

T

T

u M u u K u

2

2

L

M u

L

K u

L

M u

t u

M u K u f x, t

Consider an element in axial vibration, such as that shown in Fig. use the interpolaton function

given by earlier expression and calculate the element mass, stiffnessmatrics, as well as the nodal

force vector for the distributed load

f x, t a bx

30.6.2014

- Finite Element Structural & Thermal Analysis of Lock PlateUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- IAS Reco BooksUploaded byHemendra Singh
- MECH6390_Spring2013_Jan10Uploaded bysmashzionism12345
- FEMPrimer-Part1Uploaded byZhiqiang Gu
- CMFF09WS_MTA4_SheardetalUploaded byAnonymous NGXdt2Bx
- Fea Final PaperUploaded bySahir Abas
- External Loading Effects on Buried PipelinesUploaded byZadeh Norman
- Finite Element Analysis_introUploaded byPaolo Angelo Gutierrez
- 08 ReferencesUploaded byrasikamal
- Computer Aided Modeling and Analysis LaboratoryUploaded byDheeraj Jha
- 1084-1087 Tanque Elevado Liquido EstructuraUploaded byManuel Cano
- finite elements in solid mechanicsUploaded bypaulovribeiro
- r05311402 Finite Element MethodsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- JHYPO_90_45Uploaded byCarlos Arenas
- Sp MethodUploaded byChristopher Scott Rose
- IRJET-Modal Analysis Of Cracked Continuous Beam Using ANSYSUploaded byIRJET Journal
- 23.12041105Uploaded bySandip Maity
- Meshing StrategyUploaded byAtul Chauhan
- Project FEAUploaded byOswaldo Hohl Lopez
- FEM-06 Boundary ConditionsUploaded byNick Ramirez Parra
- FEA Thin Wall Shell by Ansys and LS-dynaUploaded bymatteo_1234
- 07 CST ElementsUploaded bysimalaravi
- FEAUploaded byBobi Pitrop
- 50508_toc.pdfUploaded bywearplay
- 01 Prefix & Chapt 01Uploaded byAnonymous wWOWz9UnW
- Jet Trainer IntroductionUploaded byShiva Aeronautical Engr
- broch_samcef_mecano.pdfUploaded byRicky Dao
- Case - Finite Element MethodUploaded byNoel P. Dote
- Finite Elements Approximation of the Elasticity Spectral Problem...Uploaded byElianaOyarce
- FEA 2 MARKS AND ANSWERSUploaded bysnvijayan

- m16l41.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- Econometrics SampleUploaded byPradip Gupta
- Engineering_Design_Process_in_Competition_Robotics_-_PAPER.20091204.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- ISIT437 L02Uploaded byPradip Gupta
- pulleysandforceUploaded byPok Jak Salleh
- Total DerivativeUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l37.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- chapter%202.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- AI Skills Taxonomy June.xlsxUploaded byPradip Gupta
- 2007CON Drive Systems CopioliUploaded byДалибор Марковић
- ISIT437 L01Uploaded byPradip Gupta
- 39935646-Torque-and-Power.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- Pulley Drive SysUploaded byrameshdesign
- m15l36.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- 2011 Drive System User Guide v1bUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m14l35.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l38.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l41.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l39.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l37.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m14l34.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l43.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l40.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l43.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l38.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l39.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m15l36.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l42.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta
- m16l42.pdfUploaded byPradip Gupta

- Viscosimetr a-2Uploaded byCeci Soto
- Membrane Action of Composite Floor Slabs in Fire ConditionUploaded byBloom Bloom Iasi Romania
- A516Gr70Uploaded byredroom31
- Heinemann Physics -Content and Contexts Units 2A & 2B SolutionsUploaded byMark Marcellus
- Materials SatorsUploaded bysajjad_naghdi241
- TOPIK 1 - 4Uploaded byJezry Nuink
- Centre of Gravity QuestionsUploaded byKaran Malhotra
- MEC3453-2014.PDFUploaded byMonash_Student
- Aerodynamic Characteristics of the Wing and Body of a Dragonfly - Okamoto 1996.pdfUploaded byKonstantin Predachenko
- Principles of Food Engineering Lecture 1Uploaded bySuyash Gupta
- Glencoe Science - Motion, Forces, And Energy - Science NotebookUploaded bylyfelearner
- Aluminum-tubular-sections-subjected-to-web-crippling_2015_Thin-Walled-Structures.pdfUploaded bydjordjeue
- CAPE Physics Unit I Mod I 2015Uploaded byNicholas Jackson
- ARMA-90-0237_A Mathematical Model for the Shear Behavior of a Dilatant Rock JointUploaded bycastille1956
- Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics_GATE 2010-2017Uploaded byVikalp Pratap Singh
- t4sUploaded bysptbala
- 08-pipeFlowUploaded byyumrazscribd
- mechanics_sec04_full_notes02.pdfUploaded byMDR PRAPHU
- ElectrostaticsUploaded byFehmeed Alchemy
- 1 - Anisotropic Dynamic Damage and Fragmentation of Rock Materials Under Explosive LoadingUploaded bypaulocouceiro
- Steinmetz CP _On the Law of Hysteresis Part 3Uploaded byRahul Gaur
- Vibration Lab 2 Belt Friction Lab Report (Autosaved)Uploaded byYann Yeu
- Chapter 5-Concepts of Momentum in Fluid FlowUploaded bydzikryds
- PouliquenUploaded byglhunter
- Nr 410103 Irrigation IIUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Dynamics of Machine_Navneet Kr Soni_V Sem_50Uploaded byNavneet Soni
- DRDO Paper MechUploaded byphanirajinish
- Basic Properties of Dental MaterialsUploaded byUmut ASLAN
- w RocketUploaded bySawada Tsunayoshi
- 2007- TP1Uploaded bySpringOrchid