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is a triglyceride extracted from a plant.

any of a group of oils that are esters of fatty acids and

glycerol and are obtained from plants.


any of various oils obtained from plants and used in

food products and industrially.

Oils extracted from plants have been used since


ancient times and in many cultures.
vegetable oil
are vegetable oils that

are liquid at room


temperature.
vegetable fat
are vegetable oils that

are solid at room


temperature.

Vegetable Oil
Properties:

The smoke point of vegetable oils vary and are higher for oils
used for frying like canola oil (smoke point 242), and safflower
oil (smoke point 265).

Types:

The different types of vegetable oils include palm oil, soya bean
oil, canola oil, pumpkin seed oil, corn oil, sunflower oil,
safflower oil, peanut oil, grape seed oil, sesame oil, argan oil,
rice bran oil and some others.

Uses:

Vegetable oils are used for cooking, fuel, cosmetics &


medicines and other industrial purposes.

Fat composition:

Coconut oil has the highest content of saturated fat (92%).


Canola &sunflower oil have the least amount of saturated fats
(6% and 9%, respectively), but contain a higher percentage of
monounsaturated fat (62% and 82% respectively).

Made from:

Vegetable and plant sources like seeds, nuts and fruits

Calories:

120 Calories per tablespoon

Oil Sources

Uses

Coconut

Used in soaps and cooking

Cottonseed

A major food oil, often used in industrial food processing

Olive

Used in cooking, cosmetics, soaps and as a fuel for


traditional oil lamps

Palm

The most widely produced tropical oil, also used to


make biofuel

Peanut

Mild-flavored cooking oil

Rapeseed

One of the most widely used cooking oils, canola is a


variety (cultivar) of rapeseed

Soybean

Accounts for about half of worldwide edible oil


production

Sunflower seed

A common cooking oil, also used to make biodiesel, and


medicine

Canola oil

Olive oil

Soybean oil

Palm oil

Coconut
oil

Cold Pressed or Cold Expeller Pressed

Expeller Pressed
Solvent Extracted
CO2 Extracted

Infusion/Macerate
RBD
Refined
Bleached
Deodorized

Pressed oils
Solvent extraction

Pressed oils or
Expeller Pressed
This is where the

seeds, nuts and other


botanical sources of
the oil are pressed
under very high
pressure to produce
the oil. Depending
on the pressure used,
the oil produced will
be of varying grades.

http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/y4355e/y4355e06.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetable_oil
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_vegetable_oils
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X5lCpfvfjfQ
http://www.google.com.ph/search?hl=en&site=imghp

&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1040&bih=591&q=oil+pre
ss+machine&oq=oil+press+machine&gs_l=img.3...4107
3.50898.0.51468.21.18.1.2.2.0.1328.4751.1j1j2j3j1j72.10.0...0.0...1ac.1.17.img.X6KaHql6pdk
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoke_point

HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH +
RCO2H + R'CO2H + R''CO2H

RCO2CH2CH(O2CR')CH2CO2
R'' + 3H2O
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