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The most trusted source for construction cost estimating data

Building Construction
Cost Data
Copyright RSMeans 2016

Building
Construction
Cost Data
Stephen C. Plotner, Senior Editor
Engineering Director
Bob Mewis, CCP (1, 2, 4, 13, 14,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 41, 44, 46)

Contributing Editors
Christopher Babbitt
Adrian C. Charest, PE
Cheryl Elsmore
Wafaa Hamitou
Joseph Kelble
Charles Kibbee
Robert J. Kuchta (8)
Michael Landry
Thomas Lane (6, 7)
Genevieve Medeiros
Elisa Mello
Chris Morris (26, 27, 28, 48)

Melville J. Mossman, PE
(21, 22, 23)
Marilyn Phelan, AIA (9, 10,
11, 12)
Stephen C. Plotner (3, 5)
Stephen Rosenberg
Kevin Souza
Keegan Spraker
Tim Tonello
David Yazbek

Vice President Data


& Engineering
Chris Anderson

74th annual edition

Production Manager
Debbie Panarelli

Production
Sharon Larsen
Jonathan Forgit
Sheryl Rose
Mary Lou Geary

Technical Support
Gary L. Hoitt
Kathryn S. Rodriguez

Cover Design
Blaire Gaddis

Product Manager
Andrea Sillah

*Numbers in italics are the divisional responsibilities for each editor. Please contact the designated editor directly with any questions.

RSMeans
Construction Publishers & Consultants
1099 Hingham Street, Suite 201
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United States of America
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www.RSMeans.com
Copyright 2015 by RSMeans
All rights reserved.
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Printed in the United States of America
ISSN 0068-3531
ISBN 978-1-943215-01-0

The authors, editors, and engineers of RSMeans apply


diligence and judgment in locating and using reliable
sources for the information published. However, RSMeans
makes no express or implied warranty or guarantee in
connection with the content of the information contained
herein, including the accuracy, correctness, value,
sufficiency, or completeness of the data, methods, and
other information contained herein. RSMeans makes no
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RSMeans Company LLC, and its divisions, subsidiaries,

0016

$224.99 per copy (in United States)


Price is subject to change without prior notice.

Copyright RSMeans 2016

successors, parent companies, and their employees,


partners, principals, agents and representatives, and any
third-party providers or sources of information or data.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in
an information storage or retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying or scanning, without prior
written permission of RSMeans. The cost data contained
in this publication is valuable and proprietary information
of RSMeans and others, and there is no transfer to you
of any ownership rights in the cost data or any license
granted to you to create derivative works based on or
which utilize the cost data.

Table of Contents
Foreword

iv

How the Cost Data Is Built: An Overview

Estimating with RSMeans Unit Prices

vii

How to Use the Cost Data: The Details

ix

Unit Price Section

How RSMeans Unit Price Data Works

Reference Section
Construction Equipment Rental Costs

703

Crew Listings

715

Historical Cost Indexes

751

City Cost Indexes

752

Location Factors

795

Reference Tables

801

Change Orders

862

Abbreviations

865

Index

869

Other RSMeans Products


and Services

909

Labor Trade Rates including


Overhead & Prot

Inside Back Cover

iii
Copyright RSMeans 2016

Unit Price Section


Table of Contents
Sect. No.
01 11
01 21
01 31
01 32
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02 81
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03 01
03 05
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04 01
04 05
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21
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Page

General Requirements
Summary of Work .............................. 10
Allowances .......................................... 11
Project Management
and Coordination ................................ 11
Construction Progress
Documentation ................................... 13
Regulatory Requirements .................. 14
Quality Control .................................. 14
Temporary Utilities ............................ 16
Construction Facilities ....................... 16
Construction Aids .............................. 17
Vehicular Access and Parking ........... 22
Temporary Barriers and Enclosures .. 22
Project Identication .......................... 24
Examination and Preparation ............ 24
Cleaning and Waste Management .... 24
Protecting Installed Construction ..... 24
Commissioning ................................... 24
Existing Conditions
Surveys ................................................ 26
Geotechnical Investigations .............. 26
Demolition .......................................... 27
Removal and Salvage
of Construction Materials ................. 33
Structure Moving ................................ 36
Site Containment ............................... 36
Snow Control ...................................... 37
Underground Storage
Tank Removal ..................................... 37
Transportation and Disposal of
Hazardous Materials ........................... 38
Asbestos Remediation ........................ 38
Lead Remediation ............................... 42
Mold Remediation .............................. 44
Chemical Sampling, Testing
and Analysis ........................................ 45
Concrete
Maintenance of Concrete .................. 48
Common Work Results
for Concrete ........................................ 48
Concrete Forming ............................... 50
Concrete Accessories ......................... 58
Reinforcement Bars ............................ 66
Fabric and Grid Reinforcing .............. 71
Stressed Tendon Reinforcing ............. 71
Fibrous Reinforcing ............................ 72
Cast-In-Place Concrete ....................... 73
Structural Concrete ............................ 75
Concrete Finishing ............................. 78
Specialty Placed Concrete ................. 81
Concrete Curing ................................. 81
Precast Structural Concrete ............... 82
Precast Architectural Concrete ......... 84
Site-Cast Concrete .............................. 84
Precast Concrete Specialties .............. 85
Cast Roof Decks ................................. 85
Lightweight Concrete
Roof Insulation ................................... 85
Concrete Topping ............................... 86
Cast Underlayment ............................ 86
Non-Shrink Grouting ......................... 86
Epoxy Grouting ................................... 87
Concrete Cutting ................................ 87
Concrete Boring .................................. 87
Masonry
Maintenance of Masonry ................... 92
Common Work Results
for Masonry ......................................... 93
Clay Unit Masonry ............................. 97
Concrete Unit Masonry ..................... 102
Glass Unit Masonry ........................... 108
Adobe Unit Masonry .......................... 109
Unit Masonry Panels .......................... 109

Sect. No.
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04
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05
05
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01
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75

06 05
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11
12
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06 51
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07 05
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07
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07 25
07 26

Page

Multiple-Wythe Unit Masonry ......... 109


Dry-Placed Stone ................................ 110
Stone Masonry .................................... 110
Flue Liner Masonry ............................ 114
Refractory Brick Masonry .................. 114
Masonry Fireplaces ............................. 115
Manufactured Brick Masonry ............ 115
Cast Stone Masonry ........................... 115
Manufactured Stone Masonry ........... 116
Metals
Maintenance of Metals ...................... 118
Common Work Results for Metals ... 118
Structural Steel Framing .................... 125
Structural Aluminum Framing ......... 133
Wire Rope Assemblies ....................... 134
Steel Joist Framing .............................. 136
Steel Decking ...................................... 139
Raceway Decking Assemblies ........... 141
Structural Metal Stud Framing ......... 141
Cold-Formed Metal Joist Framing .... 145
Cold-Formed Metal Trusses .............. 151
Metal Stairs ......................................... 152
Metal Railings ..................................... 154
Metal Gratings .................................... 155
Metal Floor Plates .............................. 157
Metal Stair Treads and Nosings ........ 158
Metal Castings .................................... 159
Formed Metal Fabrications ................ 159
Decorative Metal Stairs ..................... 161
Decorative Metal Railings ................. 162
Decorative Formed Metal .................. 162
Wood, Plastics & Composites
Common Work Results for Wood,
Plastics, and Composites ................... 164
Wood Framing ..................................... 178
Structural Panels ................................ 186
Heavy Timber Construction ............. 187
Wood Decking ..................................... 188
Sheathing ............................................. 188
Shop-Fabricated Structural Wood ...... 191
Glued-Laminated Construction ........ 191
Millwork .............................................. 194
Prenished Paneling ........................... 206
Board Paneling .................................... 207
Wood Stairs and Railings ................... 207
Ornamental Woodwork ..................... 210
Wood Frames ....................................... 211
Wood Screens and Exterior
Wood Shutters ..................................... 212
Structural Plastic Shapes
and Plates ............................................ 212
Plastic Structural Assemblies ............ 214
Plastic Railings ................................... 215
Plastic Trim ......................................... 215
Composite Fabrications ..................... 216
Composite Railings ............................ 217
Thermal & Moisture Protection
Operation and Maint. of Thermal
and Moisture Protection .................... 220
Common Work Results for Thermal
and Moisture Protection .................... 220
Dampproong ..................................... 222
Built-up Bituminous Waterproong .. 222
Sheet Waterproong ........................... 223
Cementitious and Reactive
Waterproong ...................................... 223
Bentonite Waterproong .................... 223
Water Repellents ................................. 224
Thermal Insulation ............................. 224
Roof and Deck Insulation .................. 228
Exterior Insulation
and Finish Systems ............................. 229
Weather Barriers ................................. 230
Vapor Retarders ................................... 230

Sect. No.
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07
07
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09 01
09 05
09 21

Page

Air Barriers .......................................... 231


Shingles and Shakes ........................... 231
Roof Tiles ............................................ 233
Natural Roof Coverings ..................... 234
Roof Panels .......................................... 235
Wall Panels .......................................... 236
Faced Panels ........................................ 237
Siding ................................................... 238
Built-Up Bituminous Roong ............ 241
Modied Bituminous Membrane
Roong ................................................ 242
Elastomeric Membrane Roong ........ 243
Thermoplastic Membrane Roong ... 244
Protected Membrane Roong ............ 245
Fluid-Applied Roong ........................ 245
Coated Foamed Roong ..................... 245
Roll Roong ........................................ 246
Sheet Metal Roong ........................... 246
Flexible Flashing ................................. 247
Roof Specialties ................................... 249
Roof Accessories ................................. 253
Roof Pavers .......................................... 255
Applied Fireproong ........................... 255
Firestopping ......................................... 256
Preformed Joint Seals ......................... 257
Joint Sealants ...................................... 258
Expansion Control .............................. 260
Openings
Common Work Results
for Openings ........................................ 262
Metal Doors and Frames .................... 263
Metal Frames ...................................... 264
Metal Doors ........................................ 265
Wood Doors ......................................... 268
Composite Doors ................................ 274
Integrated Door Opening
Assemblies .......................................... 274
Access Doors and Panels ................... 275
Sliding Glass Doors ............................ 277
Coiling Doors and Grilles .................. 277
Special Function Doors ...................... 279
Panel Doors ......................................... 281
Trafc Doors ....................................... 283
Entrances and Storefronts .................. 283
Entrances ............................................. 285
Storefronts ........................................... 285
Curtain Wall and Glazed
Assemblies .......................................... 286
Translucent Wall and
Roof Assemblies ................................. 287
Metal Windows ................................... 287
Wood Windows ................................... 289
Plastic Windows ................................. 294
Composite Windows .......................... 296
Special Function Windows ................ 296
Unit Skylights ..................................... 296
Metal-Framed Skylights ..................... 297
Door Hardware ................................... 297
Access Control Hardware .................. 308
Window Hardware .............................. 308
Hardware Accessories ........................ 308
Glass Glazing ...................................... 309
Mirrors ................................................. 311
Plastic Glazing .................................... 312
Glazing Surface Films ........................ 312
Special Function Glazing ................... 313
Louvers ................................................ 313
Vents .................................................... 314
Finishes
Maintenance of Finishes .................... 316
Common Work Results
for Finishes .......................................... 316
Plaster and Gypsum Board
Assemblies .......................................... 318

1
Copyright RSMeans 2016

Table of Contents (cont.)


Sect. No.
09 22
09
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09

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Page

Supports for Plaster and


Gypsum Board .................................... 320
Gypsum Plastering ............................. 324
Cement Plastering .............................. 325
Other Plastering .................................. 325
Veneer Plastering ................................ 325
Backing Boards
and Underlayments ............................ 326
Gypsum Board .................................... 326
Tiling .................................................... 330
Waterproong-Membrane Tiling ....... 333
Acoustical Ceilings ............................ 334
Acoustical Ceiling Suspension
Assemblies .......................................... 335
Specialty Ceilings ............................... 336
Special Function Ceilings .................. 336
Flooring Treatment ............................. 337
Specialty Flooring ............................... 337
Masonry Flooring ................................ 338
Wood Flooring ..................................... 338
Resilient Flooring ............................... 340
Terrazzo Flooring ................................ 342
Fluid-Applied Flooring ....................... 344
Carpeting ............................................. 345
Access Flooring ................................... 347
Wall Coverings .................................... 347
Special Wall Surfacing ........................ 348
Acoustic Insulation ............................ 350
Acoustic Room Components ............ 350
Painting ................................................ 351
Staining and Transparent
Finishing .............................................. 364
High-Performance Coatings .............. 364
Special Coatings .................................. 366
Specialties
Common Work Results
for Specialties ...................................... 368
Visual Display Units .......................... 368
Directories ........................................... 371
Signage ................................................. 372
Telephone Specialties ......................... 374
Compartments and Cubicles ............. 374
Partitions ............................................. 378
Wall and Door Protection .................. 380
Toilet, Bath, and Laundry
Accessories .......................................... 382
Manufactured Fireplaces .................... 385
Fireplace Specialties ........................... 386
Stoves ................................................... 386
Emergency Aid Specialties ................ 386
Fire Protection Specialties ................. 387
Lockers ................................................. 388
Postal Specialties ................................ 389
Storage Assemblies ............................. 390
Wardrobe and Closet Specialties ....... 390
Exterior Protection ............................. 391
Protective Covers ............................... 391
Manufactured Exterior Specialties .... 392
Flagpoles .............................................. 393
Pest Control Devices .......................... 394
Security Mirrors and Domes ............. 395
Scales ................................................... 395
Equipment
Common Work Results
for Equipment ..................................... 398
Vehicle Service Equipment ................ 400
Parking Control Equipment .............. 400
Loading Dock Equipment .................. 401
Pedestrian Control Equipment .......... 402
Retail and Service Equipment ........... 403
Banking Equipment ............................ 405
Residential Equipment ....................... 406
Unit Kitchens ...................................... 408
Foodservice Storage Equipment ........ 408

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11 43
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Food Preparation Equipment ............. 410


Food Delivery Carts
and Conveyors .................................... 411
Food Cooking Equipment .................. 411
Food Dispensing Equipment .............. 412
Foodservice Cleaning
and Disposal Equipment .................... 413
Audio-Visual Equipment .................... 413
Laboratory Equipment ....................... 415
Vocational Shop Equipment .............. 416
Broadcast, Theater, and
Stage Equipment ................................. 416
Musical Equipment ............................ 417
Athletic Equipment ............................ 417
Recreational Equipment .................... 419
Play Field Equipment
and Structures ..................................... 419
Medical Sterilizing Equipment .......... 421
Examination and Treatment
Equipment ........................................... 421
Patient Care Equipment .................... 422
Dental Equipment .............................. 422
Operating Room Equipment .............. 423
Radiology Equipment ......................... 423
Mortuary Equipment .......................... 424
Facility Maintenance Equipment ...... 424
Facility Solid Waste
Handling Equipment .......................... 424
Religious Equipment .......................... 426
Agricultural Equipment ..................... 427
Security Equipment ............................ 427
Detention Equipment ......................... 427
Furnishings
Common Work Results
for Furnishings .................................... 430
Window Blinds .................................... 430
Curtains and Drapes ........................... 431
Interior Shutters .................................. 431
Window Shades ................................... 432
Manufactured Wood Casework ......... 433
Specialty Casework ............................ 434
Countertops ......................................... 436
Furnishing Accessories ...................... 438
Rugs and Mats .................................... 439
Ofce Furniture .................................. 440
Seating ................................................. 440
Hospitality Furniture ......................... 441
Detention Furniture ........................... 442
Institutional Furniture ....................... 442
Fixed Audience Seating ...................... 443
Stadium and Arena Seating ............... 444
Pews and Benches ............................... 444
Interior Planters and
Articial Plants ................................... 444
Interior Public Space Furnishings ..... 445
Special Construction
Common Work Results for Special
Construction ....................................... 448
Swimming Pools ................................. 451
Fountains ............................................. 453
Tubs and Pools .................................... 453
Ice Rinks .............................................. 453
Controlled Environment Rooms ....... 454
Special Activity Rooms ...................... 456
Athletic and Recreational Special
Construction ....................................... 456
Fabric Structures ................................. 457
Fabricated Engineered Structures ...... 458
Towers ................................................. 465
Building Modules ................................ 465
Facility Protection .............................. 465
Sound, Vibration, and
Seismic Control .................................. 466
Radiation Protection .......................... 466

2
Copyright RSMeans 2016

Sect. No.
13 53
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Page

Meteorological Instrumentation ....... 468


Conveying Equipment
Manual Dumbwaiters ........................ 470
Electric Dumbwaiters ........................ 470
Electric Traction Elevators ................ 470
Hydraulic Elevators ............................ 471
Custom Elevator Cabs and Doors ..... 472
Elevator Equipment and Controls .... 473
Escalators ............................................. 474
Moving Walks ..................................... 475
Wheelchair Lifts .................................. 475
Vehicle Lifts ........................................ 475
Facility Chutes .................................... 476
Pneumatic Tube Systems .................. 476
Fire Suppression
Common Work Results for Fire
Suppression ......................................... 480
Facility Fire-Suppression
Water-Service Piping .......................... 480
Fire-Suppression Standpipes .............. 481
Fire-Suppression Sprinkler Systems .. 481
Carbon-Dioxide Fire-Extinguishing
Systems ................................................ 482
Clean-Agent Fire-Extinguishing
Systems ................................................ 483
Centrifugal Fire Pumps ...................... 483
Plumbing
Operation and Maintenance
of Plumbing ......................................... 486
Common Work Results
for Plumbing ....................................... 487
Plumbing Insulation ........................... 493
Facility Water Distribution ............... 494
Facility Sanitary Sewerage ................. 502
Facility Storm Drainage ..................... 505
Domestic Water Softeners ................. 506
Electric Domestic Water Heaters ...... 507
Fuel-Fired Domestic Water Heaters .. 507
Domestic Water Heat Exchangers .... 508
Residential Plumbing Fixtures .......... 509
Commercial Plumbing Fixtures ........ 512
Emergency Plumbing Fixtures .......... 516
Drinking Fountains and
Water Coolers ..................................... 516
Swimming Pool Plumbing Systems .. 518
Fountain Plumbing Systems .............. 518
Chemical-Waste Systems
for Lab. and Healthcare Facilities ..... 518
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
Common Work Results for HVAC ... 522
HVAC Insulation ................................ 524
Instrumentation and Control
for HVAC ............................................. 525
Facility Fuel-Storage Tanks ............... 526
Hydronic Piping and Pumps .............. 528
Steam and Condensate Piping
and Pumps ........................................... 531
HVAC Ducts and Casings ................. 532
Air Duct Accessories .......................... 533
HVAC Fans .......................................... 535
Air Outlets and Inlets ........................ 538
Ventilation Hoods ............................... 541
Particulate Air Filtration ................... 541
Gas-Phase Air Filtration .................... 542
Electronic Air Cleaners ...................... 542
Breechings, Chimneys, and Stacks ... 542
Heating Boilers .................................... 543
Furnaces ............................................... 545
Fuel-Fired Heaters .............................. 545
Solar Energy Heating Equipment ...... 546
Heat Exchangers for HVAC ............... 547
Packaged Compressor and
Condenser Units ................................. 548

Table of Contents (cont.)


Sect. No.
23
23
23
23

63
64
65
73

23 74
23 81
23 82
23 83
23 84
26 01
26 05
26 09
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26 28
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27 13
27 41
27 51
27 52
27 53
28 13
28 16

Page

Refrigerant Condensers ...................... 548


Packaged Water Chillers .................... 548
Cooling Towers ................................... 550
Indoor Central-Station
Air-Handling Units ............................. 550
Packaged Outdoor HVAC
Equipment ........................................... 551
Decentralized Unitary
HVAC Equipment ............................... 552
Convection Heating and
Cooling Units ...................................... 553
Radiant Heating Units ....................... 556
Humidity Control Equipment ........... 558
Electrical
Operation and Maintenance
of Electrical Systems .......................... 560
Common Work Results
for Electrical ........................................ 560
Instrumentation and Control for
Electrical Systems .............................. 577
Medium-Voltage Transformers .......... 578
Low-Voltage Transformers ................. 578
Switchboards and Panelboards .......... 579
Enclosed Bus Assemblies ................... 582
Low-Voltage Distribution
Equipment ........................................... 583
Low-Voltage Circuit
Protective Devices .............................. 584
Low-Voltage Controllers .................... 585
Packaged Generator Assemblies ....... 585
Battery Equipment .............................. 586
Power Filters and Conditioners ......... 586
Interior Lighting .................................. 587
Emergency Lighting ............................ 589
Exit Signs ............................................. 589
Classied Location Lighting .............. 590
Special Purpose Lighting .................... 590
Exterior Lighting ................................. 590
Lighting Systems and Accessories .... 592
Electrical Machines ............................ 593
Communications
Communications Backbone
Cabling ................................................. 596
Audio-Video Systems ......................... 596
Distributed Audio-Video
Communications Systems ................. 596
Healthcare Communications and
Monitoring Systems ........................... 597
Distributed Systems ........................... 597
Electronic Safety & Security
Access Control .................................... 600
Intrusion Detection ............................ 600

Sect. No.
28
28
28
28

23
31
33
39

31 05
31 06
31 11
31 13
31
31
31
31

14
22
23
25

31
31
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31
31
31
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31

31
32
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36
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41
43
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46
48
52
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62
63

32 01
32 06
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11
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14
16

32 17
32 18
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31
32
33
34
35
84
91

Page

Video Surveillance .............................. 600


Fire Detection and Alarm .................. 601
Gas Detection and Alarm .................. 602
Mass Notication Systems ................ 602
Earthwork
Common Work Results
for Earthwork ...................................... 604
Schedules for Earthwork .................... 604
Clearing and Grubbing ....................... 605
Selective Tree and Shrub
Removal and Trimming ..................... 606
Earth Stripping and Stockpiling ........ 607
Grading ................................................ 607
Excavation and Fill ............................. 608
Erosion and Sedimentation
Controls ............................................... 629
Soil Treatment .................................... 629
Soil Stabilization ................................. 630
Rock Stabilization .............................. 630
Gabions ................................................ 630
Riprap ................................................... 630
Shoring ................................................. 631
Concrete Raising ................................ 632
Vibrootation and Densication ...... 632
Needle Beams ...................................... 632
Underpinning ...................................... 633
Cofferdams .......................................... 633
Slurry Walls ......................................... 634
Driven Piles ......................................... 634
Bored Piles ........................................... 636
Exterior Improvements
Operation and Maintenance
of Exterior Improvements .................. 642
Schedules for Exterior
Improvements ..................................... 642
Base Courses ....................................... 643
Flexible Paving .................................... 644
Rigid Paving ........................................ 645
Unit Paving ......................................... 646
Curbs, Gutters, Sidewalks, and
Driveways ............................................ 647
Paving Specialties ............................... 648
Athletic and Recreational
Surfacing .............................................. 650
Fences and Gates ................................ 651
Retaining Walls ................................... 654
Site Furnishings .................................. 656
Fabricated Bridges ............................... 657
Screening Devices ............................... 658
Planting Irrigation .............................. 658
Planting Preparation ........................... 659

Sect. No.
32
32
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32

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93
94
96

33 01
33 05
33 11
33 12
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
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71

33 81
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34 11
34 41
34 71
34 72
35 20
35 51
41 21
41 22
44 11
46 07
48 15

Page

Turf and Grasses ................................. 660


Plants ................................................... 661
Planting Accessories ........................... 663
Transplanting ...................................... 663
Utilities
Operation and Maintenance
of Utilities ........................................... 666
Common Work Results for
Utilities ................................................ 666
Water Utility Distribution Piping ..... 667
Water Utility Distribution
Equipment ........................................... 669
Water Utility Storage Tanks .............. 670
Water Supply Wells ............................ 671
Sanitary Utility Sewerage Piping ...... 671
Utility Septic Tanks ........................... 672
Storm Utility Drainage Piping .......... 673
Culverts ............................................... 675
Storm Utility Water Drains ............... 675
Subdrainage ......................................... 676
Storm Drainage Structures ................ 677
Natural-Gas Distribution ................... 677
Liquid Fuel Distribution .................... 678
Electrical Utility Transmission
and Distribution ................................. 679
Communications Structures ............. 680
Transportation
Operation and Maintenance of
Transportation ..................................... 682
Rail Tracks .......................................... 682
Roadway Signaling and Control
Equipment ........................................... 683
Roadway Construction ...................... 683
Railway Construction ........................ 685
Waterway & Marine
Waterway and Marine Construction
and Equipment .................................... 688
Floating Construction ........................ 688
Material Processing & Handling Equipment
Conveyors ............................................ 690
Cranes and Hoists .............................. 690
Pollution Control Equipment
Particulate Control Equipment ......... 694
Water and Wastewater Equipment
Packaged Water and Wastewater
Treatment Equipment ........................ 698
Wind Energy Electrical Power
Generation Equipment ....................... 700

3
Copyright RSMeans 2016

Reference
Section
All the reference information is in one section,
making it easy to find what you need to know
. . . and easy to use the data set on a daily basis.
This section is visually identified by a vertical
black bar on the page edges.
In this Reference Section, weve included
Equipment Rental Costs, a listing of rental and
operating costs; Crew Listings, a full listing
of all crews and equipment, and their costs;
Historical Cost Indexes for cost comparisons
over time; City Cost Indexes and Location
Factors for adjusting costs to the region you
are in; Reference Tables, where you will find
explanations, estimating information and
procedures, or technical data; Change Orders,
information on pricing changes to contract
documents; and an explanation of all the
Abbreviations in the data set.

Table of Contents
Construction Equipment
Rental Costs
Crew Listings
Historical Cost Indexes
City Cost Indexes
Location Factors
Reference Tables
R01
R02
R03
R04
R05
R06
R07
R08
R09
R13
R14

General Requirements..........................
Existing Conditions ..............................
Concrete.................................................
Masonry .................................................
Metals ....................................................
Wood, Plastics & Composites .............
Thermal & Moisture Protection .........
Openings ................................................
Finishes ..................................................
Special Construction ............................
Conveying Equipment ..........................

Reference Tables (cont.)


703
715
751
752
795
801
801
813
816
832
834
841
841
843
846
849
851

R22 Plumbing ...............................................


R23 Heating, Ventilating &
Air Conditioning ...................................
R26 Electrical ................................................
R31 Earthwork ..............................................
R32 Exterior Improvements.........................
R33 Utilities ..................................................
R34 Transportation .......................................

Change Orders
Abbreviations

852
853
854
856
860
861
861
862
865

701
Copyright RSMeans 2016