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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

TX
Tuning Guide

UTB-200
INOMATIC
Version 1

Page 1

UTB-200 Tuning Guide

Table of Contents
Page
1. Introduction .................................................................................................................................3
1.1. Basic Description of the Transmitter Electronics...................................................................3
1.1.1. Digital Part................................................................................................................6
1.1.2. Analog Part...............................................................................................................6
1.1.3. Power Supply / Filter Part .........................................................................................6
1.2. Receiver Electronics.............................................................................................................6
2. TXB-100 Filter Concept ...... ........................................................................................................7
3. Opto TX Setup..............................................................................................................................8
3.1. One (1) Opto TX Output .......................................................................................................8
3.2. Two (2) Opto TX Output .......................................................................................................8
4. Installation Configurations ....................................................................................................... 9
5. Tuning ........................................................................................................................................11
5.1. Recommended Tools .........................................................................................................11
5.2. Preparation.........................................................................................................................11
5.3. Power On Adjustments.......................................................................................................13
6. Appendix ....................................................................................................................................14
6.1. Compressed Overview .......................................................................................................14

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

1.

INTRODUCTION

Introduction

This manual describes the UTB-200 (Universal Transmitter Board) as well as the setup and
tuning procedures needed to put the TXB-100 and RXB-100 electronics into operation. For
details on the receiver board, see the RX (RXB-100) Tuning Guide.

1.1. Basic Description of the Transmitter Electronics


Each transmitter electronic is able to feed one INOMATIC antenna with a swept HF signal of
8.2 MHz. In order to avoid disturbances between the emitted HF signals, synchronization with other
transmitters must be guaranteed.
The standard version of the UTB-200 board allows the 82 Hz sinusoidal modulated 8.2 MHz HF
carrier signal to be:

generated locally (oscillator circuit for master applications), or alternatively.


to be regenerated from an optically received swept HF signal of another TX (opto
receiver for slave applications).
The bi-opto version of the UTB-200 additionally allows the onboard generated (master) or
received-and-then-regenerated- (slave)-swept HF-signal to be converted and optically transmitted in
order to synchronize additional transmitters.
The two opto transmitters used in the bi-opto version allow:

a master transmitter to synchronize two other optically slaved (and possibly repeating)
transmitters.

an optically slaved transmitter to be used as repeater to synchronize two other optically


slaved transmitters.
By using 3 bi-opto transmitter boards (TX) (one used as synchronization master and two as
synchronization repeaters) and 4 standard TX (as synchronization slaves), clusters of up to 7 TX may
be synchronized. This way up to 7 checkout or 14 exit-gates (in a row) may be configured without
need of a master rack.
Since the optically transmitted synchronization signal may be repeated only once, a master rack still
has to be used if more than seven transmitters have to be synchronized.
A block diagram and layout of the UTB-200 board are shown on the next 2 pages. The board
consists of a digital part, an analog part and a power supply / filter part.
The standard version of the UTB-200 is fully equipped with the exception of the two optional opto
transmitters. It can be used as a master-TX for small installations (single or dual gates equipped with
one TX only) or as slave-TX for all larger applications.
The bi-opto version of the UTB-200 board is almost identical to the standard version. The only
difference is that the two opto transmitters (IR-LED's) are already mounted. The bi-opto TX board can
be used as a Master-TX in medium installations (2 to 7 TX) or as synchronization signal repeating
Slave-TX for medium to very large installations.

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


INTRODUCTION

Antenna
Matching Circuit

Wire/ Opto

Receiver

Current Limiter (TEMP)


X4
200 Ohm

J2 and J3
Wire/ Opto

Sync Circuit

Input
Digital
Power
Amplifier

Master

Demod.

Opto
Transmitter

X3
Deact.
Sync
Output

J11
J4
Opto
Transmitter

Opto
Output
TX2

VCO
82 Hz
+/- 3 Hz

8.2 MHz

Opto
Output
TX1

+
TX Board Block Diagram

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


INTRODUCTION
ANT GND ANT

TXB-100

P4

P5

IN GND IN

R147

J5

LVL

P7

GND

Antenna (X4)

J7

P10 P12

J10

TEMP

P3

R168
FREQ
R161
DEV GND
P8

P6
J4

GND

Modulation
Frequency

Deviation

Frequency

MASTER

IN

OUT IN
Power (X1)
(+ +)

(-

+ IN

- IN

-)

Input Connector
(22 VDC/18 VAC)

Power (X2)
(+ +)

+ OUT

(-

-)

J9
Opto TX = HFBR-1404 P14

X3 Opto
TX 1

J8

1
2

J11

P13

P1

J1

J2
1

Opto
RX
SLAVE
1

Opto
TX 2

Power
Supply
Filter
Part

X4

J3

P9

P2

J6

P11 P15

Amplitude

READY

Analog Part

Digital Part

Antenna
Connector

- OUT

Power
Output Con.
TX Layout

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


INTRODUCTION

1.1.1. Digital Part

In master operation, the 82 Hz sinusoidal sweep is fed to the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). The
VCO generates the swept and digitalized 8.2 MHz signal. This frequency modulated signal is digitally
amplified (FET power amplifier), filtered to get a clean analog output signal and finally radiated by the
antenna. lf the current exceeds the allowed limit (short circuits, wrong antenna etc.) the power
amplifier will shut slowly down, because it is temperature controlled. This action is indicated by a red
LED (overloaded = OFF).
In slave operation, the swept HF signal is optically received, converted and regenerated. It can then
be used to directly feed the power amplifier.
A set of jumpers (J3) is used to switch between master and slave operation. Jumper J4 is
used to select the desired sweep frequency.
lf the board is equipped with two opto transmitters (bi-opto TX board), the swept HF signal will be
automatically output (see section 4). This allows the synchronization of two additional transmitters.

1.1.2. Analog Part


Different antenna types can to be connected to the relevant output circuit (connector X4).
The TX-mounted matching circuits and harmonic suppression filters are optimized for use with
200 Ohm antennas.
The TXB-100 is not designed to drive other types of antennas. All equipment and
system guarantees will be lost and all field support will be charged if other types of
antennas are used without written approval of INOMATIC .

1.1.3. Power Supply / Filter Part


The TXB-100 can be powered (connector X1 / IN) by DC as well as AC power supplies.
The integrated power line filters:

suppress noise between the electronics and the power line and
suppress conducted noise on the power line itself.
The filtered power is available at connector X2 / OUT and can be used to feed other equipment
(TX, RX). For additional information, see section 2, UTB-200 Filt er Concept.

1.2. Receiver Electronics


For detailed information on the receiver, see RX (URB-100) Tuning Guide.

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

2.

FILTER CONCEPT

UTB-200 Filter Concept

False alarms due to conducted noise on the power lines can be avoided if the power lines are filtered
every 4 to 6 meters.
If TXB- 100s are used, this is done automatically and the power line between the transmitters is
not longer than 6 (8.2 MHz) meters. lf the length of the power cable between the transmitters is longer
than 4 to 6 meters, additional filter boards have to be used (see figure below).
INOMATIC RX boards use the same kind of filter. Due to the limited space available, however, the
RX filter only protects the receiver electronics itself, it doesn't contribute to the filtering of the power
line.

Filter
add.
Filter

X1

OUT

IN

X2

TX

RX

F
Power
Supply
AC or
DC

18 VAC or
22 VDC
1.5 -

4m

5m
Unfiltered Length

230/110
VAC
F

TX

Represents additional Filter


TX Filter Concept

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

3.

OPTO TX SETUP

Opto TX Setup

On the UTB-200 are two (2) Optional Opto Output Sockets. It is possible connect one or two Opto
TX-Modules on the board. If only one Opto TX-Module is needed, it must be in socket OUT1.
To configure the Opto TX Output(s) see figures below.

3.1. One (1) Opto TX Output

J10

J7

P10 P1

Insert the module into socket OUT1 and fix it with a Tie-Rap.
J11 must be IN

+ 12V
J11 must
be IN, if
only
Opto TX1
is used

MASTER

IN

OUT IN
Power (X1)
(+ +)

(-

+ IN

- IN

Power (X2)
(+ +)

-)

(-

+ OUT

J11

J9

-)

- OUT

J11
IN

Opto
TX 2

J11

Opto
TX 2

J8

X3 Opto
TX 1

SLAVE
1

Opto TX = HFBR-1404 P14

P1

J1
1

J2
Opto
RX

Master/
Slave

P13

Opto
TX 1

X4

J3

P9

P2

J6

P11 P15

Layout One Opto TX Output

Circuit One Opto TX Output

3.2. Two (2) Opto TX Output

J10

J7

P10 P1

Insert the modules into socket OUT1 and socket OUT2 and fix it with a Tie-Rap.
J10 must be OUT

+ 12V

MASTER

IN

Power (X1)
(+ +)

(-

+ IN

- IN

-)

Power (X2)
(+ +)

+ OUT

(-

-)

- OUT

J11

J11
OUT

Opto
TX 2

J11
OUT

J11

Opto
TX 2

J9

J8
3

X3 Opto
TX 1

OUT IN

Opto TX = HFBR-1404 P14

P1

J1
1

J2
1

Opto
RX
SLAVE
1

P13

Opto
TX 1

X4

J3

P9

P2

J6

P11 P15

Layout One Opto TX Output

Circuit One Opto TX Output

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

4.

INSTALLATION

Installation Configurations

Since the UTB-200 can be used as a synchronization master, repeater or slave, installations can
be flexibly configured.
Basically there exists only one rule that has to be considered:
The optically transmitted synchronization signal may be repeated only once; therefore no
synchronization repeater should ever feed another repeater.
A basic configuration following this rule is shown below. The TX board of level 1 (bi-opto version,
configured as master) feeds the synchronization signal to the two TX boards of level 2 (bi-opto
version, configured as slave).

Level 1
Master
Rack

TX
IN
OUT

Opto OUT

Level 2
TX Board(s)

TX

TX

IN

IN
OUT

OUT

used as
Repeater (Slave

Setting)

Level 3
TX Board(s)
used as

Opto
IN

Opto OUT

Opto
IN

TX

TX

IN

IN

TX
IN

TX
IN

Slave (Setting)
Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

TX Opto Cabling Hierarchy


(Only one (1) repeater level allowed)

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


INSTALLATION
These two boards, acting as synchronization repeaters, in turn each feed their optically transmitted
signal to two following TX boards of level 3 (standard version, configured as slave). This way, a
synchronization cluster of 7 transmitters has been created without use of a master rack.
lf a system consists of more than seven transmitters, a master rack has to be used as a
synchronization source. The optical signal of a master rack may be repeated once if necessary as
well.
A possible configuration using a master rack and TXB-100 is shown below.

Level 1

Master Rack

Master
Rack
Opto OUT

Opto OUT

Level 2
TX Board(s)
used as
Repeater
(Slave Setting)

Level 3
TX Board(s)
used as
Slave

B1

TX
IN

TX

Opto
IN

TX
IN

TX

IN
OUT

IN
OUT

Opto
IN

TX
IN

B2

TX
IN

OUT

Opto OUT

Opto
IN

TX

TX

IN

IN

TX
IN

OUT

Opto
IN

TX
IN

TX
IN

(Slave Setting)
Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Shop A

Opto
IN

Opto
IN

Shop B

TX Opto Cabling from Master Rack

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide

5.

TUNING

Tuning

Step-by-step instructions for tuning the UTB-200 board follow. For the receiver see RX
(URB-100) Tuning Guide.

5.1. Recommended Tools


The following instruments are recommended for tuning:

battery powered oscilloscope (two channels, cursor readout function recommended).


10: 1 oscilloscope probe.
Multimeter.

5.2. Preparation

Power OFF the TX board (remove PWR connector at socket X1).


Ensure that the antenna is connected to the correct socket (X4) on the TX board (see
drawing below).
Antenna
Connector
X4

ANT GND ANT

TXB-100

P4

TEMP

READY

P6

R147

J5

LVL

P7

GND

Antenna (X4)

P5

IN GND IN

Amplitude

TX Layout

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


TUNING
Turn the amplitude potentiometer R147 (LVL to almost (7/8) full power (clockwise).
Check the default setting of jumper J1 to J4 (see following two tables).

J7

TEMP

P3

R168
FREQ
R161
DEV
P8 GND

J4
P10 P12

Modulation
Frequency
J4
Deviation

MASTER
3

Frequency

J11
Opto
TX 2

P14

J9

J8

SLAVE
1

X3 Opto
TX 1

Master
Slave
J3

P13

P1

J1
1

Opto
RX

J2

X4

P9

J3

P2

J6

J10

P11 P15

TX Layout

GND

P6

READY

R147

J5

LVL

OUT IN

TX Layout

Jumper Settings
1

Function

Slave IN End (Default)


*Wire
Wire Slave OUT (Thru)

J1
1

*Wire Slave IN

J2

(Default)

Opto Slave IN

Master (Default)
* TX
TX Slave

J3

Master / Slave Jumper Settings

J4

82 Hz, Modulation Frequency (Default)


*85
Hz, Modulation Frequency
79 Hz, Modulation Frequency

Sweep Frequency

* Factory default setting

INOMATIC
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UTB-200 Tuning Guide


POWER ON

5.3. Power On Adjustments

Power ON the TX board (insert PWR connector at socket X1).


Check the red Temp-Limit LED (H102) is ON: Operation OK.
lf the LED is going OFF and ON:

reduce the emitted power with the amplitude potentiometer R147.


exchange TX board.
check antenna, matching board for short circuit and so on.

As an option, check the emitted signal at both of the corresponding test points located to
the left and right of the antenna connector (P4 / GND and P5 / GND; see figure below). The
signal shapes may be varying. A signal breakdown or variation of more than 20% of
average the value indicates a faulty transmitter or antenna.
Remark: The signal on P4 and P5 is usually not identical.
ANT GND ANT

P4

TXB-100

IN GND IN

Amplitude
LVL

TEMP

P6

READY

R147

J5

LVL

P7

GND

Antenna (X4)

P5

Test Points
P4/GND,
P5/GND

TempLimit

TX Layout

Hints:

Proceed with the RX board according to the instructions in the RX (URB-100) Tuning
Guide.
lf the HF power received at the RX is too high:

insert the Narrow jumper on the RX board.


reduce the TX power.

INOMATIC
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Power (X1)

IN

SLAVE

(+ +)

(-

+ IN

- IN

-)

(+ +)

+ OUT

(-

Power (X2)

- OUT

-)

Version 1

IN

+ + - -

OUT

+ + - -

X2

Filter Layout

Input Voltage
18-20 VAC or 20-24 VDC

X1

Filter

J11

J4

GND

TEMP

READY

P6

R147

Amplitude

LVL

J5

P7

Slave
OUT
Slave
IN

X3

End/
Thru

max. 100mW
Input Signal

1
2
3
4

3
2
1

P4

J11

J5,6,7
8,9,10

J4

J3

J2

J1

X4

Example 2
1
2
3
4

X4

Example 1
1
2
3
4

Opto TX 1 only (Default)


Opto TX 1 + TX 2

+ 24 , + 12, + 5 Volt (Default)


Factory use only

1.5 F

5m
Unfiltered Length
Represents additional Filter

4m

18 VAC or
20 VDC

RX

Installation Example (Filter)

230/110
VAC

Power
Supply
AC or DC
+ Filter

TX

TX

82 Hz, Modulation Frequency (Default)


85 Hz, Modulation Frequency
79 Hz, Modulation Frequency

TX Master (Default)
TX Slave

Wire Slave IN (Default)


Opto Slave IN

Wire Slave IN End (Default)


Wire Slave OUT (Thru)

Function

Jumper Table

Caution: Deviation must be between


7.5 and 8.9 MHz or less

Jumper Settings

Master Output Signal

ANT GND ANT

Wire / Opto Slaving

J1

J2

P5

IN GND IN

TXB-100

GND

Slave IN/OUT Signal

Deviation Frequency Modulation


Frequency

P3

R168
FREQ
R161
DEV GND
P8

J7

P10 P12

J10

J11 must
be IN, if
only
Opto TX 1
is used

J6

Opto TX Circuit

Opto
TX 2

X4

P2
P9

+ 12V

Filter

Opto
TX 1

J7

MASTER

Additional
Filter

J11

P13

P1

J1

J2

Opto
TX 2

J9

J8

Opto TX = HFBR-1404 P14

OUT IN

X3 Opto
TX 1

Opto
RX

J3

TX Layout
P11 P15

UTB-200

6.

Antenna (X4)

INOMATIC

UTB-200 Tuning Guide

Appendix
APPENDIX

6.1. Compressed Overview

INOMATIC

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