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Case Title

Docket Number
Digest by:

US vs. Manalinde
G.R. L-No. 5292
August 28, 1909

Summary/Nature of the Case:

Facts of the Case:


On the afternoon of January 19, 1909, Juan Igual, a Spaniard, was inflicted with a kris, a wound on his head coming from the back by the
accused Moro Manalinde. A Ricardo Doroteo heard a cry and he saw Igual lying on the ground.
2. Meanwhile Manalinde, approached a Chinaman named Choa, and attacked him with the same weapon, inflicting a severe wound in the left
shoulder, on account of which he fell to the ground. The aggressor had entered the town carrying his weapon wrapped up in banana leaves, in
the meantime escaped by running away from the town. Both wounded men, the Chinaman and the Spaniard, were taken to the hospital, where
the former died within an hour, the record not stating the result of the wound inflicted on the Spaniard Juan Igual.
3. Manalinde was charged with Murder. When he was arrested he pleaded guilty and confessed that he had perpetrated the crime herein
mentioned, stating that his wife had died about one hundred days before and that he had come from his home in Catumaldu by order of the
Datto Rajamudah Mupuck, who had directed him to go juramentado in Cotabato in order to kill somebody, because the said Mupuck had certain
grievances to avenge against a lieutenant and a sergeant, the said datto further stating that if he, Manalinde, was successful in the matter, he
would give him a pretty woman on his return, but that in case he was captured he was to say that he performed the killing by order of Maticayo,
Datto Piang, Tambal and Inug.
Issues at Hand:
Are there aggravating circumstances in the crime?

Yes, promise of reward and premeditation are present, which in the present case are held to be generic, since the crime has already been
qualified as committed with the treachery, because the accused confessed that he voluntarily obeyed the order given him by Datto Mupuck to
gojuramentado and kill some one in the town of Cotabato, with the promise that if he escaped punishment he would be rewarded with a pretty
Promise of Reward - Upon complying with the order the accused undoubtedly acted of his own volition and with the knowledge that he would
inflict irreparable injury on some of his fellow-beings, depriving them of life without any reason whatever, well knowing that he was about to
commit a most serious deed which the laws in force in this country and the constituted authorities could by no means permit. The accused knew
perfectly well that he might be caught and punished in the act of committing them.
Premeditation - the accused, upon accepting the order and undertaking the journey in order to comply therewith, deliberately considered and
carefully and thoughtfully meditated over the nature and the consequences of the acts which, under orders received from the said datto, he was
about to carry out, and to that end provided himself with a weapon, concealing it by wrapping it up, and started on a journey of a day and a night
for the sole purpose of taking the life of two unfortunate persons whom he did not know, and with whom he had never had any trouble; nor did
there exist any reason which, to a certain extent, might warrant his perverse deed.
2. No mitigating circumstances.
Additional Relevant Notes: