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B. DEAN KUMAR & B.L.P.

SWAMI: In their work, the Gust Effectiveness Factor Method


is used by them, which is more realistic particular for computing wind loads on flexible tall
slender structures and tall building towers. They analysed and studied frames of different
heights. On the whole, they concluded that the wind pressures computed by the gust
effectiveness factor method are not only safer for design but they are more rational and
realistic. This is an important and valid point to be considered for the design of very tall
building and structures.
M.B. VIKRAM & G.P. CHANDRADHARA: Their study presents the wind effects on
windward and leeward columns of buildings with different aspect ratio and height of
building. The models are categorised based on number of storeys and aspect ratio of building.
They used ETABS software for analysing the variations of bending moment and axial force
in columns which are considered to study the behaviour of frames. From their study it is
concluded that leeward columns are more vulnerable compared to windward columns in any
of the model under consideration.
S.A. RAJI & A.O. IBRAHIM: They investigated on the effect of wind load on multi-storey
building. They performed modelling and analyses on example problem in MIDAS(software
to study the effect of wind on MSB). The study revealed that the average wind speed,
dynamic wind pressure, wind force and displacements increases while shear forces and
overturning moment decreases with increase in height. This implies that at greater heights,
structures are more susceptible to wind loads. Thus, wind has a greater effect on tall
buildings.
ARVIND Y. VYAVAHARE, GODBOLE. P.N & TRUPTI NIKOSE: The Indian code of
practice for wind response of tall structures (IS-875 PART-3 1987) deals only with along
wind response of tall structures, while the across wind responses and interference effect are
not included in the code at present. In their paper, they used Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
to generalise the procedure given in Australian/New Zealand standard Structural Design
Actions-Part 2 Wind Action (AS/NZS 1170-2: 2002) from the limited data available, so that
across wind responses can be obtained for a building with given h:b:d ratio. They concluded
that ANN has the capability to determine across wind responses of tall buildings for all other
h:b:d ratios than 3:1:1, 6:1:1, 6:2:1 and 6:1:2 ratios shown in code.
I SRIKANTH & B VAMSI KRISHNA: In their project work, tall building frame 20 to 80
stories are considered for wind load analyses. Equivalent static wind loads are computed by
using provisions of IS: 875-1987 PART-3. Analysis is conducted by using the package in two
loading cases, i.e., vertical loads with or without wind loads. Resulting effects like beam
moment, column moment and axial forces are compared. The criticality of the wind on tall
building frames is examined and recommendations are given. They concluded that Gust
Effectiveness Factor Method, which is rational and realistic, should be considered for the
computation of wind loads in the case of very tall frames and structures. It becomes necessary
to study the criticality of wind forces in case of multi-storied frames particularly on more
severe wind zone.