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Switched Reluctance Machines

for Hybrid Electric Vehicles


S. Smaka*, . Mai*, M. osovi*, I. Salihbegovi**
*Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
**Public Enterprise Elektroprivreda BiH, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

I. INTRODUCTION
Increasing interest for clean and efficient vehicles
Switched Reluctance Machines (SRMs) have
potential for vehicle propulsion due to several
advantages
SRMs disadvantages are EMI noise generation,
too many connections between machine and
inverter, special inverter topology
Primarily two approaches for reducing the
acoustic noise generation: improving magnetic
design of the machine and control approach, i.e.
optimizing selected parameters such as the supply
voltage and turn-on and turn-off angles
Paper investigate the potential of the SRM 8/14
configuration for vehicle traction

II. COMPUTATION
CHARACTERISTICS

OF

STATIC

The static characteristics of SRM are defined


as flux linkage look-up table }^i, ih and
electromagnetic torque look-up table T^i, ih for one
motors phase
Magnetic flux linkage can be computed using the
relationships:
n
N
1
ph l
W^i, ih =
J $ A dV =
Ak $ Sk
I
S k=1

IV. STATIC CHARACTERISTICS


OF SRM 8/6 & SRM 8/14
A. Configurations with the same Ampere-turns
SRM 8/14 produces about 8 ^%h lower peak
torque for rated current 6 ^ Ah
Instantaneous torque at most positions is higher
for SRM 8/6 than that of SRM 8/14
For current 6 ^ Ah average torque for one stroke is
11 ^%h lower for SRM 8/14
SRM 8/14 needs 2, 33 times more strokes than
SRM 8/6 to complete one mechanical revolution
B. Configurations with different Ampere-turns
Investigated SRM 8/14 configuration has 50
more winding turns per phase (about 11 ^%h more)
SRM 8/14 has copper round-shaped conductors
with diameter equal to 0, 767 ^mmh while SRM 8/6
has 0, 683 ^mmh conductor diameter
Phase resistances of SRM 8/14 and SRM 8/6 are
3, 19 ^Xh and 3, 64 ^Xh, respectively

PARAMETER OF
COMPARISON
Peak Torque 2 ^ Ah
Average Torqu 2 ^ Ah
Peak Torque 4 ^ Ah
Average Torque 4 ^ Ah
Peak Torque 6 ^ Ah
Average Torque 6 ^ Ah
PHASE
CURRENT ^ Ah
2
4
6

SRM
8/6
5, 83
3, 50
21, 92
12, 53
42, 76
23, 40

DIFFERTr ^%h
Tr ^%h
SRM 8/6 SRM 8/14 ENCE ^%h
46, 91
55, 81
18, 97
45, 54
54, 91
20, 57
41, 87
50, 95
21, 69

8/6

The electromagnetic torque T^i, ih about the axis


of rotation is calculated from the systems coenergy
Wco with respect to the angular displacement i for
different rotor positions and winding excitation
W
2
co ^i, ih
current i: T^i, ih =
2i

SRM DIFFER8/14 ENCE ^%h


6, 83
17, 15
4, 29
22, 57
24, 80
13, 14
14, 14
12, 85
45, 63
6, 71
24, 60
5, 13

8/6

i = const

III. SRMs CONFIGURATIONS


8/14

8/6

For a comparative evaluation of new SRM 8/14


with the SRM 8/6, the air gap width, stator outer
and inner diameter, rotor outer diameter, shaft
diameter, stack length and lamination material are
kept the same for both these machines
Novel pole design (PD) formula: Nr = 2N s - 2,
where Nr is the number of rotor poles, N s is the
number of stator poles having one tooth per pole and
N s 2 4 (N s is even number)
SRM 8/14 is 4-phase configuration with
&
maximum torque zone of 12, 857 mechanical,
&
Stroke angle is: f = 6, 428 mechanical
Total cross sectional area of stator and rotor
laminations is about 13 ^%h lesser for SRM 8/14 and
this machine has lower mass
SRM 8/14 has bigger space between adjacent
stator poles

8/14

SRM 8/14 produces up to 17, 1 ^%h higher peak


torque and up to 22, 5 ^%h higher average torque
SRM 8/14 is much more saturated than SRM 8/6
SRM 8/14 has up to 21, 7 ^%h higher torque
ripple
Since winding phase resistance for SRM 8/14
is 12, 36 ^%h lower than that of the SRM 8/6, this
new configuration offers improvements in copper
losses. Also, due to relatively thicker conductor, SRM
8/14 offers better continuous current rating. Copper
losses per phase calculated for phase current 6 ^ Ah,
for both SRM 8/6 and SRM 8/14, are 131 ^W h and
114, 8 ^W h, respectively

V. CONCLUSIONS
Static characteristics analysis shows that SRM
8/14 with higher number of winding turns and
thicker conductors for windings has better torque
density and lower copper losses than SRM 8/6 but
also has a higher static torque ripple
SRM 8/14: simple construction, mechanical
robustness and reliability. SRM 8/14 can improve
usability of the SRMs for high-performance HEVs
propulsion systems but further investigation is
needed