President Mujaddidi visits northern Afghanistan

Najib praises Mujahideen's patience

In a speech to party members in the armed forces, the head of the Kabul regime has criticized the/attitude of some of his friends who have shown worry about the decrease of Soviet aid to the regime.

Praising the endurance of the Mujahideen, Najib said although they were brin~g their supplies on donkeys, they were not tired.

He admitted that the changes in eastern Europe and possible change in the Soviet policy towards Afghanistan has alarmed some of his colleagues. He assured his friends that in his recent trip to Moscow he had been able to persuade the Soviets to maintain current assistance levels to Kabul,

adding that these levels will be necessary for at leastone more year. '

Mujaddidi praises Shoora's gains

Q. What was the purpose of your rip to the North? .

A. I wanted· to visit the Mujahideen.

Q. What difference did you witness between the North and other fronts' which you have visited?

A. The organization I' saw in Shoora area has no match in other parts of Afghanistan. I would like to see other fronts in Afghanistan copy the example of the Shoora. The-Shoora has done positive work for the people in different fields such as health, education, reconstruction, provision of security and justice, and the military. Shoora commanders cooperate with each other and I was impressed by their unity. There' is no difference of view among them in either political or military issues. I support their work.

. Q. In your discussions with Masood did you agree on any specific plan of action?

A. We talked about political and military .issues. Thank God there was no difference of opinion between us. Lack of supplies is a problem for Masood. He has not received any ammunition since the Soviet troop withdrawal. I have defended him and told the relevant people to end the arms embargo imposed on him.

Q. What was Masood's opinion about your invitation by the president of the Russian Republic to Moscow?

A. Masood was in favor of the trip and considered the invitation a change of the Soviet policy. He, was of the view that the invitation should be accepted in the interests of Jehad and promised to introduce his representative to the delegation which will visit Moscow.

Q. Did you discuss the role of Zahir Shah with Masood and what was his answer?

A. Zahir Khan's role came under discussion. The brothers of the Shoora are opposed to the leadership of Zahir Shah. They want a leadership which

has taken part in Jehad.

The AIG President Prof. Mujaddidi visited the North to talk with Ahmad Shah Masood about the current political and military situation in Afghanistan.

He entered Afghanistan through the Dora pass on September 12 and was received by . the Mujahideen of Badhlfhshan in Top Khana border post.

On the way to Takhar he was greeted in Eskazer and Anjuman by the religious scholars, elders and Mujahideen. Prof. Mujaddidi talked to them about the purpose of his trip to North.

In Anjuman a delegation of elders of Panjshir also came to greet the Professor. In this trip Mohammad Nadir Khurram, the Health Minister of AIO, and other ranking officers of the AIG and ANLF were accompanying Prof. Mujaddidi.

President Mujaddidi was greeted by Commander Masood and other officials of the Supervisory Council in Piew, the upper part of Worsaj. A motorcade took the guests to Khanaqa town where thousands of Mujahideen, school children and local people had gathered to greet them. Prof. Mujaddidi spoke to the gathering. '

The formal talks between Prof.

Mujaddidi and Commander Masood . began at the Military School of the Shoora near Farkhar .

In the talks the two leaders discussed ways and means of promoting Jehad in the military and political fields. After two days of talks Prof. Mujaddidi visited Farkhar and spoke to a huge gathering in the central mosque of the city.

'Prof. Mujaddidi also \'isited Farkhar hospital and talked to-thedoctors and patients about their problems.

On the way to Taliqan, Prof.

Mujaddidi visited 'the place - where some prominent Jami'at commanders were killed by Sayyed Jamal's band one year ago. He prayed for the . souls of thoseinartyred in the incident.

Prof, Mujaddidi was greeted by thousands of people in the city of Taliqan. School children, Mujahideen, officials, of the province and delegates from many remote districts had come to visit Prof. Mujaddidi.

'0-'" He addressed a huge gathering in the center of the city. Prof. Mujaddidi received many delegations' from all walks of life. He visited the city hospital, an abandoned Soviet base, the vegetable oil factory, and a school.

He led Friday prayers in the central mosque of the city and laid the foundation stone of a religious, School. Prof. Mujaddidi was impressed by the way the Mujahideen run the city.

The professor and his entourage enjoyed the hospitality of the people of Takhar, who did everything at their disposal to make the visit comfortable.

During informal discussions the professor was informed of the reconstruction, educational and health activities of the Council.

The trip provided a good opportunity for both sides to' hear each other's opinions. It was clear that their views were close.

In addition to a group of Afghan journalists, two Western journalists accompanied the guests to cover the trip.

Herat Province

I

,01

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 18 &19 October 1, 1990, page @

From The Battlefields

News

Badghis Province

Fighting for the liberation of Qalai-Naw, the capital of Badghis, which started on August 9, continued unabated in September. The Mujahideen made progress but the garrison did not fall due to heavy regime aerial bombardments .

The attack on the city was launched from all directions. The operation is coordinated by Commander Ismail Khan of Herat,

In addition to the Mujahideen of Badghis some Mujahideen from Faryab and Herat also are taking part in the attacks.

On August 31, the Mujahideen captured six posts and seized about 500 guns.

On September 2, the newly'established district of Andy fell to the Mujahideen. One hundred twenty armed soldiers were captured.

On September 3, three posts fell to the Mujahideeneast of the city.,

On September 12, about 100 enemy soldiers were killed and 14 were captured.

On September 16, two helicopters were destroyed in the city airport.

. Roads to Qala-i-Naw are now closed.

The Kabul regime made use of extensive bombing to push the Mujahideen back from the city. 16 jets have been bombing Mujahideen positions 20

times each day. ,

On September 16, more than 40 jets bombed Qala-i-Naw, One hundred civilians were killed and a large number of houses were destroyed.

The regime announced in Kabul that it has broken the siege of Qala-iNaw, but the Mujahideen say they are still controlling some parts of the city.

The Mujahideen say that Soviet planes took active part in bombing Qala-i-Naw, They have heard the conversation of Russian pilots on the radio.

Prof. Rabbani asked the·UN to

stop Soviet interference in Afghanistan. -The Mujahideen from Jami'at under the command of Mohammad sides.'

Ibrahim Khan launched an attack on

Kushk Kohna sub-district' on -The Mujahideen from Jami'at

were. launched an attack with heavy weapons 11. .No details

on the enemy bases and security posts,

in and around the city of Herat on September 16, killing and wounding a considerable number of enemy troops.

One security post was totally de-

-Six people have been killed and . stroyed. In fighting which lasted for 24 wounded near Sarobi District by a three days details of the enemy casualregime missile (possibly a SCUD). ties were not immediately available. Among those injured are Abdur Rahirn--. -The Mujahideen destroyed three Wardak and Shahrukh, two senior com- security' posts in Shindand and seized manders of NlFA, Pir Gailani's party. the following weapons: 15 The source added that Gen. Abdur Kalashnikov rifles, 2 Heavy machineRahim Wardak had taken a tour of the guns, 8 Bolt action guns and some boxdistrict to launch a new offensive on es of ammunition

the communist outposts lying on both sides of the' Kabul-Jalalabad highway.

-The Mujahideen from Jami'at killed four regime soldiers and one officer on September 25 when they attacked a government post in Esa Khail of Paghman.The Mujahideen seized four.Kalashnikov rifles. One Mujahid was killed in the operation.

On the same day the Mujahideen of Omara Khan and Abdur Rahim attacked the enemy garrison in Arghandeh, outside the city of Kabul, inflicting considerable losses on enemy troops.

-The Mujahideen fired rockets into enemy positions in Shindand district and Shindand Air Base on September I, killing 60 enemy troops and wounding 50 of them.

On the same day, the Mujahideen captured an enemy post on the HeratIslam Qala Highway. The commander of the .post was killed and five Kalashni:kov rifles were seized. The post belonged to Sayyed Ahmad, a famous militia commander in Herat.,

-The Mujahideen attacked an enemy supply convoy on the Herat-Islam Qala highway on September 2, destroy-

-The Mujahideen of Omara Khan ing one armored car. The occupants of shot down an enemy jet on September the vehicle were killed. Two 6. The plane was on a bombing mission . Mujahideen were. also killed in the when it was hit, and crashed near attack.

Qargha. The pilot was killed. -The Mujahideen under the com-

mand of Allauddin Khan launched an attack on enemy positions in Adraskan and around the city of Herat on September 22. As a result, five officers and five soldiers were killed and 31 guns were seized. One truck was set on fife and 15 soldiers joined the Mujahideen . -The Mujahideen killed two enemy soldiers and wounded sev-

September available. r

Kabul Province

-Regime troops attacked

Mujahideen positions in Arghandeh on September 7. In four hours of fighting mere than 50 regime soldiers were either killed or wounded. Only one Mujahid was injured.

-Fifteen enemy soldiers were killed when they attacked a village in Arghandeh on September 5.

-Eighteeh regime, soldiers were killed, nine were wounded and 27 were captured when the Mujahideen from Jami'at attacked their post in Chesht-iSharif District.The Mujahideen seized 22 guns. Three Mujahideen were injured in the operation.

-The Mujahideen from Jami'at un-

. der the command of Allauddin Khan captured two enemy posts along HeratIslam QaIa Highway on September 18. They seized the following weapons: 19 Kalashnikov rifles, two heavy machine-guns, one rocket laun~er, one radio set and some boxes of ammunition.The report does not give any information about the casualties of the two

Tum to page (7 )

AFGHANews Vol 6, No18 &19 October 1, 1990, page @}

Wisdom Oflllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllill

the sages

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

Bad seed brings no good harvest

ever, was allowed to meet the prisoners and take letters from them to their fam-

Under his bowl there is a little bowl.

Meaning: A person smells a rat; or,there is a trick to the trade; or, "there is something rotten in the sate of Denmark".

He appreciates prosperity who'"ts caught is calamity. '

One year I was in Damascus, meditating in the Great Mosque by the shrine of Saint John the Baptist. An Arab Sheikh,' famous for his injustice, happened to come on pilgrimage. Both rich and poor visit this shrine, and those who are more powerful are in greater need of forgiveness. Once he had finished his prayers, he turned to me and said: " You Dervishes are sincere' and your prayers are answered. Pray for me because I am very worried about my enemies." I answered: " Treat the poor and the weak with mercy, then have no fear of enemies, however strong. If you use strong-arm tactics and twist the arms of the.weak, if you are ungenerous and unforgiving, then fear the day of your fall, for none will then help you to get up again. If you sow bad seed, don't expect a good harvest. Stop dreaming and listen to me! If you do not deal justly with your subjects, the justice of the Day of Judgement will come none the less."

t,

A hungry soldier cannot fight

A king in days gone by was careless of the affairs of state and failed to provide for his army. When tile enemy attacked, the troops turned and fled. If you don't pay a soldier, don't expect him to risk his life for you.

One of those who fled was a friend of mine. " You ungrateful, dishonorable wretch!" I scolded. " At the first sign of danger, you abandonned your master .

who looked after you and whom you served for years." He reI!lied: " You will un- He who can be killed by sugar should derstand if I tell you: I had no money to buy barley for my horse; I have had to not be killed by poison.

pawn my saddle and felt. When the king is such a miser, how can we fight well for him?"

Meaning: Subtlety is .better than force.

Soviet support to 'Kabul regime

prolongs detention of POWS

Commander Masood told an '1' Th ICRC delezati 1 had

lies. e e ega on a so He who is cornered will fighJ.

ICRe delegation that he is not brought letters from prisoners in regime ready to talk about the future of

Soviet prisoners of war until he sees a. positive change in the areas.

Soviet policy , towards An Afghan officer of ICRC was

Afghanistan.

An ICRC delegation visited Takhar and Panjshir to study the possibilities for medical assistance but no agreement was reached. The delegation wanted the medical supplies to be transported through Kabul, which was rejected. Masood was opposed to any activity of the ICRC which involved crossing the line separation the Mujahideen from the regime. The delegation argued that it was not able bring supplies through the Mujahideen transportation routes on pack animals.

Masood also rejected the delegation's request to travel to Peshawar via Kabul. The JCRC delegation was told that the Mujahideen were opposed to any program passing through the regime's territory. The delegation, how-

Meaning: Troubles makes appreciate our blessings; or, we never know the worth of water until the well runs dry.

4S jA , -4_,$ 4.t ~ 4JjJ 4A J J~ j 4.t

jails to their families in the liberated Meaning: Tread on worm and it will tum; or, a cornered rat will figh

killed in Herat by unknown persons at the beginning of September. ICRC has

History repeats itself

AFGHANews Vo16, No 18 &19 October. 1, 1990, page 0

Mehraboddin Mastan h

It would be wrong to say that history will never repeat Itself. The spiri-

Mujaddidi visit helpful. ~~i:t!,~:ed~:~~:S~ h:!e ~I~

The visit by AIG President Sibghatullah Mujaddidi to the bases of the ways taken a particular attitude toward

Supervisory Council (Shoora) was a positive step to bring better understanding Afghanistan issue. -

Thus, according to Yann \:erlau in between resistance political leaders and the Mujahideen.

Prof. Mujaddidi is the first leader since Prof. Rabbani to visit the area. The "Les Agha Khans" (Perrin Edition i., France) during the three Anglo-Afghan

Jarni'at leader visited the North two years ago. wars of the 19th century, A."gha Khan

The people in the North have deep respect for Prof. Mujaddidi for many rea- Mehalatee becorrle a loyal agent of sons. He is a religious scholar and comes from a spiritual family. He embarked Great Britain. He struggled against the upon the Jehad against tyranny long ago and has been impri~ned for defending Afghan freedom fighters, and in exhis religion. His courageous stand on the Far~har incident was appreciated by ~e change he received honors and a pen: people in the North. The extraordinary welcome shown to him by the people of sion from the Queen.

Badakhshan and Takhar is a dear proof of the popularity of President Mujaddidi. In 1990, a similar situation is tak-

Prof. Mujaddidi was elected president of AIG in February of 1988. Due to ing shape again through the involvedifferent reasons, some of which he himself has mentioned in his speeches, the ment of Prince Sadruddin Agha Khan, Interim Government could not meet the expectation of the people and failed to United Nations . coordinator for achieve its objectives. Afghanistan. who seeks to render simi-

The major reason for the failure of the AIG was lack of cooperation betwee _ , .. Jar services to Soviet imperialism.

the government and the field commanders. Due to internal and external factors, To conduct aid from the internathe field commanders' support for the AIG was not sought at the early stages of tional community to the communist rethe formation of the government. If current efforts to bring the effective com- gime in Kabul; to invite NGOs to be inmanders and the AIG together had taken place earlier, the interim government stalled in Kabul; . to wilfully ignore the would have established itself as a credible political structure. The need for under- Afghan resistance (excepting the distri-

bution of a few hundreds tonnes of standing is still strong and Prof. Mujaddidi's initiative in visiting the war zone is a

positive step which deserves appreciation. " wheat); and to insist that Afghan refu-

gees return to their homes in spite of . Let's hope this visit will pave the way for practical cooperation between the unacceptable conditions there, demon-

Mujahideen in their struggle against the communists. •

strate clearly the direction of the poli-

Themajor problem preventing Mujahideen victory is lack of unity. Without cies of Prince Sadruddin, his advisors

unity nogeneral mobilization can take place; and in the absence of coordinated and UN colleagues.

military efforts, one cannot expect major victories in the battlefield. It seems that like Diego Cordovez,

To mobilize and coordinate the Mujahideen an understanding must be Prince Sadruddin wants to succeed reached between different fronts. Such an understanding canbe reached through Javier Perez de Cuellar as UN general negotiations. The proper venue for discussion about the future of Afghanistan is secretary.

inside Afghanistan. because there no. outside pressure can influence the talks and To do this. he has to satisfy the

the negotiations will ,have a greater chance of success. Russians in order to obtain their vote in

Mujaddidi's trip to see the Shoora's area and talk to its leaders is an important : his favor.

event for the Shoora too. President Mujaddidi and his companions got firsthand It is grossly unjust for the future of

information about the Shoora's activities in different fields. a nation to be sacrificed at the altar of

Editorial

Despite its size and achievements, theShoora is not well-known to many .

Afghans. Outsiders have heard contradictory views about the Shoora, Its enemies have tried to frighten other Mujahideen groups by distorting facts about the Shoor~'s goals. Prof. Mujaddidi's trip to the' area will neutralize most of the propaganda.

the Prince's personal ambition.

Town built

The Mujahideen are building a

Personnel contact between Mujaddidi and Masood will enable the two lead- new town in Baharak sub-district of

ers to understand each other better. Badakhshan.

The president also saw that the Shoora ~as not been given its due in the polit-

ical and military fields. . . I '. .

He saw that Taliqan, the biggest City controlled by the Mujahideen, is run by a coalition government comprising three parties of Jami'at, Hezb Islami (Khalis) and Harakat. This can serve as a good example in other parts of Afghanistan. .

Mujaddidi's trip to the North was a timely gesture which was welcomed by the people. Let's pray his trip brings Mujahideen closer together.

The town is constructed near the

\

old town, which was destroyed during the war. The new town is located 500 meters away from the old town. Baharak is controlled by Commander Sayyed Najirnuddin.

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 18 & 19 October 1, 1990, page 0

US, USSR Afghan talks make no progress

f~ - ',. - •• - -- _I - •• - •• - .- -- ,- •• - •• - •• - ,- •• _ •• - ,~

: Afghan Child Sponsorship

IA project of Muslim Sisters Organization of : Afghan Mujahideen .

~ttention: Readers from South-East Asia and Pacific

The talks between the US and Soviet officials failed to bridge the gap between the positions of the two sides on Afghanistan.

Both side agree on solving the problem through holding. elections in which all sides in the conflict should be allowed to participate. They also agree about a transitional period during which a new administration is formed to supervise the elections.

The United States wants the Kabul regime to transfer power to the interim administration but the Soviets want to see Najib in power during the transitional period and are in favor of creation of a joint commission from both side to supervise theelections.

In short, the role of Najib and PDPA during the transitional period is a controversial. issue.

While the position of the Kabul regime is similar to the Soviet Union, the Mujahideen position differ from Americans.

. The Mujahideen are opposed not only to' the rule.of Najib and PDPA in transitional phase, they are also opposed to the participation of Najib and PDP A in the future political life of the country. The Mujahideen hold the regime responsible for the invasion and destruction of the country and have· refused to deal with it.

Any agreement between the superpowers that involve the participation of Najib and PPPA will be rejected by the majority of the resistailce groups.

The UN Secretary General in his annual report, released before the opening ofthe 45th session of the General Assembly, has said that progress has been made in the direction of consensus att~eintcrnationallevel on a politi-

cal settlement in Afghanistan among the US, USSR and the neighbors of Afghanistan. He said he has made it clear to all the leaders of Afghanistan that the UN was ready to playa role in the political process leading to formation of broad-based government.

"The Kabul regime's effort to secure the position of a vice-president of the General Assembly was thwarted by Pakistan.

Twenty-one' vice-presidents are chosen to run the session when the president is not present.

Informed sources say the US and USSR will propose a consensus resolution to the current session of the General Assembly which calls for holdingelections as a mean for political solution.

Iranian Foreign Minister, Ali Akbar Velayati told the General Assembly that because of religious, cultural and historical ties Iran cannot remain indifferent about the fate of Afghans .

He said Afghanistan should emerge as a free Islamic and non'aligned country. This will be possible when all Afghans participate in general elections and the results of the elections are accepted.

He said the elections should be held under supervision of the UN, and added that the Namibia experience can be useful.

He said Iran was ready to assist in the implementation of the election process. Observers believe that IraTi is not opposed to the participation of PDP A in General Elections. But the Iranbased parties say they oppose the participation of communists in any future government of Afghanistan.

The Muslim Sisters Organization of Afghan Mujahideen (flA) would like to announce that in addition to its activities in Peshawar and other refugee populated cities of Pakistan, it has embarked upon a number of projects relaling to the sponsorshi p of orphan children. The Organization invites you to help a child by making a $30 donation a month to support the child's day-to-day survival and

education in a refugee camp. .

The documents relating to these sponsorships, including personal details and photographs of cach child, have arrived at the Austrian Office of Afghan Mujahideen (JIA). The Muslim 'Sisters Organization of (nA) requests the strong support of the Australian Muslim Community and others tosponsorthesedisadvantagedchildren.

For more information please write to: Afghan Mujahideen (flA) Office in Australia, GPO ~ Box 3098, Sydney NSW 2001, or contact )TE. 02-7598013 ,.FAX: 02-7598013.

• - •• - •• _I 1_ •• _ •• _ •• _ •• _I ,_ •• _ •• _ •• _I • __ I _ •• _ ~'

Najib visits Delhi" Paris

Najib has visited India to plead for ecooomic assi stance. During his three-day_ visit he met with the Indian President, Prime Minister and otherofficials.

The Indian prime minister called Najib "brother" and praised his role in the war against - the Mujahideen. He thanked Najib for his support for the Indian stand on the Kashmir issue.

Najib asked India to give him 100,(0) tons of wheat and 400 buses. India promised to study the request. In order to prevent Afghan refugees from demonstrating, the lO,OOO-strong Afghan community was ordered by Indian police to stay at home during Najib's visit

The Kabul regime has had dose ties with India since the coup of 1978. Indian pilots helped the Kabul regime in the war against the Mujahideen.

Indian journalists help the Kabul regime to publish the sole English language daily, ~ Kabul Times. Kabul markets are full of Indian

merchandise.

The two sides have agreed to cooperate in cultural, agricultural and narcotics control fields. Na jib invited V. P. Sing to visit Kabul.

This was Najib's second visit to India since he came to power. The regime relies more and more on India as Soviet economic support for Kabul shows signs of weakening. The enmity of the regime with Pakistan makes it a natural aIly-Gf India; the arch rival of Pakistan.

After a visit to Delhi, Najib flew toParis to take part in a UN -sponsored conference about the least developed countries. '

In Paris he met with the UN Secretary General and other UN officials. He talked to journalists repeating his previous stand on the Afghan issue.

The regime and Moscow media tried to give the impression that Najib was received by foreign rltinister of F~ce. but they only. shook hands in a reception. The reported meeting of Najib with other deleg!'lions was of the same

nature. '.

The Mujahideen criticized the French gov-

ernment decision to issue a visa to Najib, whom they hold responsible for killing more thana million people. The International Bureau of Afghanistan, a French support group . for Afghans, also criticized the visa's issuance beeauseof Najib's key role in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.

In a speech to his party workers Najib described his visit to Paris a diplomatic success, and even said he was surprised by the affection some

Westerners showed him. •

The visits to Delhi and Paris took place after a month-long trip to Moscow during which Najib asked for the continuation of Soviet assistance to the regime.

Uruzgan Province

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 18 & 19 October 1, 1990, page 8

News from Battlefields

From Page (2)

The Mujahideen in Kunduz attacked enemy positions on September

The Education Committee of the 10 with heavy weapons. As a result of Supervisory Council has opened 421 the attack. 30 enemy soldiers were Schools for boys and girls, in which killed and 40'were injured. The enemy 41,000 students study. This was stated bombed civilian targets around Kunduz in a letter presented to Prof. Mujaddidi in retaliation, which killed many civil-

during his visit to the North. ians and destroyed many houses.

The head of the Education The next day, the Mujahideen

Committee of the SC, Sher Jan, told killed eight soldiers and captured some

AfghaNews that only 1/4 of the schools .of them. .

of SC are registered with the Education Commander Arif Khan reports that Ministry of the AIG. He said the the local militia in Kunduz had an Education Committee of SC has, hired armed clash with KHAD units near 2027 teachers. Kunduz. Seven people were killed

He said the SC has six high from both sides and several were inschools and six secondary schools. The jured. Differences between different rest are primary schools. He said the armed organizations of the regime Supervisory Council has opened four have created chaos in those parts of

Kunduz controlled by the regime. girls' schools.

en on September 26 in Adraskan district

-Commander Abdul Aziz fired 20 rockets into the enemy air base at Shindand, setting fire to part of the base. Regime aircraft bombed the Mujahideen-controlled area in retaliation, killing one woman and one child.

-The Mujahideen killed the commander of a security post and captured four soldiers near the city of Herat on September 27. They seized seven guns and one rocket launcher.

Faryab Province

, Seven regime troops were killed and four were injured when the Mujahideen attacked their post in Shirin Tagab town o,n September 12. One Mujahid and three civilians were injured and one civilian was killed by the enemytroops.

Takhar Province

Forty-five enemy soldiers were killed and 24 injured when the Mujahideen attacked their positions near Khwaja Ghar, District on September 3. Ten posts were destroyed and 18 soldiers were captured in the operation, which lasted for three days. The Mujahideen seized 24 guns. Two ranking regime officers, Brigadier Abdur Razaq and Mamour Nabi were among those killed. In the fighting a considerable number of SAZA political workers,

. ~

locally known as Ustaz Ha ( Teachers).

;

Shoora runs 420 schools

. ..

were killed.

The Mujahideen from Jarni'at, Harakat, Khalis and Sayyaf took part in the operation.

The posts were established some time ago between Taliqan and Khwaja Ghar as a first step to attack Taliqan, the provincial capital of Takhar, which is under the Mujahideen's control.

Khwaja Ghar is run by a communist faction called SAZA. SAZA is in direct contact with Soviets and receives arms and financial support from the Russians.

Against the wishes of Najib, the Soviets send ships loaded with weapons to SAZA from across the Arnu River.

Mullah Naqibullah reports that on September 19. three armed militiamen joined the Mujahideen from Jami'at.

Six security posts were captured and 45 soldiers were made prisoners' in Terinkoot, the provincial capital of Uruzgan, on September 26. The regime is making extensive use of cluster bombs against the Mujahideen.

Zabul Province'

Two regime helicopters were shot down in Qalat, the provincial capital of Zabul, on September 9. Helicopters, were trying to bring supplies to the besieged city. Qalat has been besieged by the Mujahideen for a long time.

. Kunduz Province

!J[eCp us pu6fisli 5'!:f (j:Ji5'l!J.&,ws!

AFGHANews Vol 6, No 18 &19 October 1, 1990, page fa

From Mujahideen press inside Afghanistan

The late.st two issues ;f Shoora, a fortnightly paper published by the Cultural Committee of the Supervisory Council inside Afghanistan. has many interesting articles. Here is the summery of some of the articles:

Close video salons in Kabul

The Shoora fortnightly, published by the. Supervisory Council (SC) in Afghanistan, has published a letter from a reader in Kabul in its 11th issue criticizing the negative effect of video salons on the children in Kabul.

The letter says many video salons have beenopened in different parts of the city. They show indecent films re'plete with sex and violence. Children and young people watch these films without restriction. Video games and films have diverted the attention of young people from study, Children steal money from their parents and others to pay to watch video films.

. The letter says the objection of parents did not force the Najib regime to stop the video business. The parents have become disappointed and think that it could be a deliberate policy of the communist regime to mislead young people.

The letters asks the Mujahideen to take action against the dirty films and put a stop to it.

J ehad suffers from Farkhar tragedy

In the ninth' issue of Shoora an article is published about the tragedy of Farkhar and its effect on Jehad.

A meeting was held in Taliqan to commemorate the martyrdom of Jami'at Mujahideen and commanders in Tangi-i-Farkhar one year ago.

On July 9,1989 a group of Jami'at commanders were ambushed by SayyedJamal's men. As a result some prominent commanders, like Qazi Islamuddin, Tariq, Mullah Woodod, Dr .. Hussain, Mawlawi Ezzatullah and

others were brutally martyred. Saudi, U~SR resume

The paper says SC expected Hezb dit 1 . 1·

(Hikrnatyar) to take action against the Ip omatic re ations

culprits and try them for the cold- Saudi Arabia will establish diplomatic ties

blooded murder. Not only Hezb fail to with !he Soviet Union. The diplomatic ties be-

tween the two countries were cut in 1938. take any action, it supported those who

The announcement came during the Saudi

were involved, Foreign Minister's visit 10 Moscow.

SC was forced by the families of, 'Oppressive measures by the Soviet governthose killed, local people and council ment against Soviet Muslims and the invasion of of the U1ama to take action against Afghanistan had been obstacles in the way of re-

, Jamal and his men. suming diplomatic ties.

One moth after the incident the ,The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and Soviet op-

culprits were captured and were hand- position to the invasion paved the way for closer ed over to the judicial authorities of the ties with MosCo,w to the extent that Saudi Foreign Council. 1 amal and three friends were Minister said his country welcomed stationing of

Soviet troops in Saudi Arabia. .

Militias forced

found guilty and were sentenced to to leave Kabul t death on December 23.

Hezb took a hostile line after the The Kabul regime.' army

court decision and even talked about has ordered tribal militias' to taking revenge. This hostile policy. has leave the city of Kabul,

had a negative effect on Hezb and Many militia groups had

Jami'at efforts against the regime. opened offices in different parts

Hezb suffered from its policy in of the city. The people of Kabul the first place. In the past few months complained that militias were resome districts and sub-districts along. sponsible for most of the theft the Soviet border were captured by the

enemy' without much resistance by and murder in the city.

Hezb Mujahideen. Out of frustration' Several gun battles between rival Hezb allied itself with Khalq faction, militia groups have taken. place in the defaming itself at home and abroad. center of the city. In ,?"e such recett in-

The recent division in the leader- cident ten people were killed,' among ship of Hezb is another reaction to- them a militia leader from Herat, Daud

wards this policy. " Rizwan.

. Jami'at suffered from these ten- The commander bf the KabUl gar-

sions too, SC efforts to launch major at- rison gave ten days for militias to tacks against the enemy targets faced leave the city. On September 1st, 130 problems because of physical opposi- armed militiamen were arrested for vition by' Hezb gfoups or their indirect olation of the order.

measures . As a result the Mujahideen

suffered and the Kabul regime benefit- Najib told BBC .that militia forces

ted from it. have behaved' in an independent way

The Shoora expressed its readiness since they joined the regime.

to solve the issue between the two par- Militias form the backbone o.f the ties through negotiations. The efforts of regime armed forces. 'The Kabul relate Dr. Abdullah Ezam, which had the g'trne had given them full freedom in support of Jami'at, were not accepted return for fighting against the

by Hezb. Mujahideen, ,

SC is ready to discuss these issues . Militias fight for money and in ad-.

with the leadership of Hezb, and solve dition to high salaries., they receive a them so that we can divert our full at- big sum for every achievement on the tention towards defeating .the Kabul battlefield.

regime.

Shoora publishes ,------------------',

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