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physic chapter 1

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1 (4 marks)

1

(ii) To determine the internal diameter of an object.

(b) (i) To obtain an average value in order to obtain an accurate reading.

(ii)

2 (a)

(b)

The displacement of both balls is the same. The distance of the two balls increases

when they fall.

Earth's gravitational attraction.

(ii) 10 ms-1

(iii) Not relevant.

(d) (i) The velocity of the ball reduces.

(ii) The ball will experience an acceleration because it moves against the force of

gravity

of earth.

SPM PAPER 2003 SECTION A NO. 8 ( 12 marks)

3

Weight ,W

Diagram 3.1

Weight, W

Diagram 3.2

129

(ii) Based on Diagram 3.1, Fy exerted pressure into the mud. More resistance and

friction when move forward .

(c) (i) Force per unit area

(b)

= F /A

=500

2 x 10

=250 000 N m-2

(iii) Using tyre with a large surface area , when larger the area the smaller the

presure

(ii)

4

(ii) So that the position of the eye is in line with the scale to eliminate parallax

error.

(b) (i) Meniscus of mercury

(ii) Cohesive forces of the molecules of mercury with glass are stronger than

the adhesive forces of the molecules of mercury.

5. (a) Principle of conservation of momentum.

(b) Forward momentum of man is equal to backward momentum of the boat

(c) Forward momentum = backward momentum

m1u1 = m2v2

50(2) = 20v2

20v2 = 100

v2 = 5ms-1

(d) Principle of jet engine propulsion.

130

6 (a) (i) Hooke's law

(ii)

(b) E

1 Fx

2

1 (10)(0.04) 2

0.2 J

(c )

131

7 (a) Gravity

(b) The surface area of the bird's feather is more than the surface area of the drop of

water. Initially, both accelerate at same rate. During the last stage, both the

velocities are constant. The final velocity of the drop of water is higher than the

final velocity of the bird feather.

(c ) The final velocity is inversely proportional to the surface area.

8

(a) Current

(b)

A

(c) 0.1 A

(d)

132

9 (a) 500 N

(b) 1. Stationary.

2..Motion increases with constant velocity/ Motion decreases with uniform

velocity.

(c) R = mg + F, R = mg - F

(d) The normal reaction is the summation of the weight and the resultant force acting

upwards on the student.

(e) (i) The reading from the scale reduces.

(ii)

10 (a) (i) Voltmeter

(ii) To vary the resistance in the circuit and therefore controlling the current. (b) (i)

Ammeter Y

(ii) The scale of ammeter Y can measure currents accurate to 0.05 A whereas the

scale of ammeter X can measure currents accurate to 0.1 A. Therefore, ammeter Y

can detect smaller change in current.

SPM PAPER 2 2006 SECTION A NO. 6 ( 8 marks)

11 (a) (i) The distance moved by the student's hand in Diagram 6.2 is more than the

distance moved by the student's hand in Diagram 6.1.

(ii) The work done in Diagram 6.2 is more as compared to work done in Diagram 6.1.

(iii) Work done = force x distance

= 20 x 0.5

= 10J

(b) (i) The distance of projection increase the energy gained increase.

(ii) The principle of conservation of energy

(c) (i) Same

(ii) Iron ball is thrown from the same height,time taken is independent of the

s = ut + gt2

133

12 (a) Equilibrium state is the state of an object in which the resultant force acting on the

object is zero.

(b) Weight of mirror = 2 x 10 = 20 N

Diagram of a

triangle forces

for Diagram 8.1

Diagram of a

triangle forces

for Diagram 8.2

134

13. (a) Work is done when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the force

(b) (i) Work done

= 220 x 0.5

= 110 J

(ii) Work done

= mgh

= 20 x 10 x 0.5

= 100J

(c ) (i) Work done to pull the rope is larger than work done to raise the load.

(ii) Some work is wasted to overcome frictional force.

SPM Paper 2 2008 SECTION A NO. 5 (7 marks)

14. (a) (i) Magnitudes: F, = F, and F, F, Directions: F, = F, and F,, F3

(ii) Net force is zero (F = 0).

(iii) Balanced forces/ Newton third law of motion/ Forces in equilibrium.

(b) (i) The aircraft will experience acceleration or increase in velocity.

(ii) A net force exists (F # 0).

135

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