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Nov 30: The mysterious wreckage that fell on some villages in Dadu

district of Sindh on Wednesday nightbelonged to HatfV (Ghauri) missile, tested by the Armys Strategic Force Command
at the conclusion o
f its fieldexercises
.Nov 30:
Pakistans foreign exchange reserves dropped nearly two per cent
to $13.575bn in the week ending Nov
23, from $13.814bn in the previous year. Remittances from
Pakistanis abroad rose 15.04% to $4.964bn from$4.315bn in the
first four month, July to October, of the FY 2012/13.
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7 September: the government has decided to convert tow inefficient
thermal power plants in Sindh

Guddu andJamshoro plants

to coal with 433 million dollar financing to be provided by the ADB


(Asian Development Bank).The conversion of the plants would allow the
authorities to enhance their production by at least 700MW.7
September:
Currency notes valuing Rs 1.78 trillion and coins worth Rs 6.2
billions
are currently in circulation inthe country, Minister of Finance, Revenue,
Planning and Development Dr Abudu Hafeez Sheikh Friday told
NationalAssembly.7 September: Pakistan won the second Twenty20
against Australia in a thrilling Super Over finish at the DubaiStadium
here on Friday, taking an unbeatable 2-0 lead in the three-match
series. With both tied on 151 runs at theend of 40 fascinating overs in
the match, a Super over round was played for the result. Pakistan
paceman Umer Gulrestricted Australian batsman David Warner, Shane

Watson and George Bailey to 11-1 befor Umar Akmal andAbudl Razzaq
hit the required runs, the winner coming off the last delivery. Pakistan
had made 151-4 with M.Hafeez and Nasir Jamshed 45 each and Kamran
Akmal (43 not out) contributing with the bat. George Bailey led
theAustralian run chase with a solid 42.7 September: Former Pakistan
football skipper Abdul Ghafoor Majna died. Majna , who nicknamed as
the
Pakistani Pele, represented Pakistan as a midfielder in the 1960s and
1970s.
He was skipper of Pakistan team inthe 1974 Tehran Asian Games. He
also represented Pakistan in the Olympic Qualifiers.7 September 2012:
India foreign Minister S.M Krishna arrived in Islamabad on 3 days
visit.7 September 2012: A new super-earth has been discovered in the
habitable zone around the red dwarf star Gliese163. Astronomers
found it using the European Southern Observatory HARPS telescope
(or High Accuracy RadialVelocity Planet Searcher). It has been billed
as Gliese 163c, and has a mass of 6.9 times that of Earth and an
orbitalperiod of 26 days. It orbits a red dwarf star 49 light years away
in the Dorado constellation. On their research
announcement the team said that Gliese 163c could have a size b/w 1.8
to 2.4 Earth radii, its surface temperaturemight be around 60C.
Along with their latest discovery the team has also found a larger
planet, Gliese 163b,
orbiting the star much closer with 9 days period. They also announced
that an additional third, but unconfirmedplanet, might be orbiting the
star much farther away. The new exoplanets were discovered by the
European HARPSteam led by Xavier Bonfils from the UJFFrenoble/CNRS-INSU, Ins
titure de Plane Tologie et dAstrophysique of
Grenoble, France. Scientists from France, Germany, Portugal,
Switerzaland, and Belgium also took part.6 September 2012: MUMBAI,
Indian-American astronaut Sunita Williams has set a new world record
for theMaximum number of spacewalks by a women astronaut. She

surpassed Peggy Whiston whose space walks totaled39 hours and 46


minutes. Sunita notched up 44 hours and 2 minutes, the total number
of spacewalks being six.Sunita also holds the record of the longest
space flight by a women astronaut, totaling 195 days.5 September,
ISLAMBAD: The state-run Oil and Gas Development Company Limited
(OGDC) on Wednesdayannounced discovery of new reserves in Karak
district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which would boost its daily outputby
about 8 per cent.
The countrys total oil production has increased to
about 72,500bpd against the totalconsumption of about
300,000bpd.
5 September: Pakistan beat Australia by 7 wickets in first T20 match
in Abu Dhabi. Australia bowled out at 89 runs(19.3 over) 2
nd
lowest total since 2005. Pakistan chased the target in 15.3 over and
Muhammad Hafeez was theman of Match.
4 September 2012:
Great Muslim Poet and Musician, Amir Khusroo, 708 Urs
starting from 4th
September to 8th
inNew Delhi.3 September: Labor Day celebrated (First Monday in September in
USA and Canada).3 September, 2012: SHARJAH, Australia beat Pakistan (244-7)
by three wickets in the third and final one-dayinternational, taking the threematch series 2-1 here on Monday. Hussey scored 65 for his 39

th
fifty and Maxwellhit a 38-ball 56 not out to round off a challenging
chase of a target of 245 in 47 over spoili
ng Pakistans chances of
beating Australia for the first time since 2002. (Other two matches
info given under, dated 28 and 31)1 September 2012: Federal Cabinet
unanimously passes bill to increase minority representation and is
accepted tobe tabled in the next National Assembly session on
September 3. If Govt. succeeds in getting to passed in theshape of 23

rd
Constitution Amendments with a two
third majority, minorities seats would be increase from 33 to
53 in the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies. Non-Muslims
represent
4.5% of the countrys
totalspopulation of 180 million. Therefore, the total number of
minorities
seats will increase from 33 to 53, out of which16 seats will be added to
NA from 10, 12 in the Punjab Assembly from 8, 13 in the Sindh
Assembly from 9 and sixeach in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and
Balochistan assemblies from 3 each. Remember, the 21
st
Amendment(creation of new provinces) and 22
nd
Amendment (dual nationality)

are still pending with parliament)31 August: Pakistan beat Australia by


7 wickets in 2
nd
ODI at Abu Dhabi leveling the three match series 1-1,Australia 248
and Pakistan 249 (43.3). Opener Nasir Jamshed hit an aggressive 97 to
guide Pakistan to a seven-wicket win.31 August 2012: Maria Montessori
142
nd
birthday, she was an Italian physician and educator, a noted
humanitarianand devout Catholic best known for the philosophy of
education which bears her name29 August: President Asif Ali Zardari
arrived in Tehran to attend NAM 16
th
Summit.29 August 2012
: Andrew Strauss resigned as Englands Test captain and announced his
retirement from

professional cricket with immediate effect on Wednesday. He played


100 tests for his team and scored 21centuries.29 August 2012:
Paralympics 2012 set to begin in London till 9 September. More than
4,200 athletes from 165countries will compete in the 2012 Paralympics
Games in London; Games include 20 sports such as cycling, Judoand
swimming. A record 2.7 million tickets have been sold for the 2012
Paralympics. The first large-scale games fordisabled athletes were
held in 1948 in Stoke Mandeville, Buckinghamshire, and the Paralympics
spiritual home.
29 August 2012: A resolution moved by Law Minister Punjab Rana
Sanaullah against the formation of the newprov
inces commission
was passed in the Punjab Assembly.28 August: NASA transmitted the
first song to be broadcast from Mars on Tuesday, by Grammy-winning
USmusician will.i.am, as part of efforts to inspire young people to get
interested in science.28 August 2012: SHARJAH, Australia beats
Pakistan (198 at 45.1) by 4 wickets in first ODI in UAE with ten balls
tospare. Starc (5-42) and James Pattinson (3-19) were the chief
wreckers as Pakistan were bowled out for 198 in the46
th
over.28 August 2012:
NSASs
Curiosity rover transmits first ever voice message from another
planet.
The Mars Rover Curiosity has made history by beaming back to Earth
the first audio recording of human voice sent from the
surface of another planet. The recording was made by NASA
administrator Charlie Bolden, congratulating NASA staff on their
achievements.28 August 2012: MOSCOW, the Mil Mi-38 has set a new
world altitude record for helicopters in its class at the 14
th
Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI) helicopter
championships. The Mi-38 reached an altitude of 28,200ft(8,600m)

which is a new world record for helicopter in the 10,000kg (22,046lbs)


to 20,000kg (44,092lbs) weighclass. The previous record was 27,887ft
(8,500m). The Mi-38 was flown by test pilot from the Mil
MoscowHelicopter Plant at Drakino airbase near Moscow.27 August
2012: Pakistan all rounder Muhammad Hafeez has made it to the top of
the ICC ODI bowlers list.Pakistan off spinner Saeed Ajmal has been
ranked number 3 on the list. Meanwhile Umer Akmal has been ranked12
on the ODI batsmen list while Misbau-ul-Haq was ranked 27.
The United Nations (UN) established in 24 October, 1945
, The Chilean delegation signed its charted in SanFrancisco. There are
193 member states, including every internationally recognized
sovereign state in the worldbut Vatican City. The UN most prominent
position is
Secretary-General which has been held by Ban Ki-moon of South
Korea since 2007.
The UN headquarters resides in international territory in New York,
with further mainoffices at Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna and has six
official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian,
andSpanish. There are six main principal organs of UN and other
bodies, which are as follows:
General Assembly (UNGA):
is one of the six principal organs of the UN and the only one in which
all membernations have equal representation and meets under its
president or Secretary General in regular yearly sessionsthe main part
of which lasts from September to December. The first session was
convened at 10 January 1946 inthe Westminster Center Hall in London
and included representatives of 51 nations.
Security Council (UNSC):
is charged with the maintained of international peace and security and
had its firstsession on 17 January 1946 at Church House, Westminster.
Current permanent home of UNSC is at UNheadquarters in New York
City. There are 15 members of the SC, consisting of five veto-wielding
permanentmembers and 10 elected non-permanent members for the

term of two years. Its basics structure is set out inChapter V of the
UN charter.
Economic and Social Council:
have 54 member states, which are elected by the UNGA for
overlapping three-yearterms. Seats on the Council are based on
geographical representation with 14 allocations to African states, 11
toAsian States, 6 to East European states, 10 to Latin America and
Caribbean States and 13 to West European statesand other.
Secretariat:
provides studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN and have
a staff of 44,000 civil servantsworldwide.
International Court of Justice
: commonly referred as the World Court or ICJ, is judicial organ of
UN. It is based inthe Peace Palace in The Hague, the Netherlands. ICJ
composed of fifteen judges elected to nine year term by theUNGA and
the UNSC. Election is staggered with five judges elected every three
years.
United Nation Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive):
suspended its operation from 1 November 1994.All territories dispute
settled.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):
established in 16 October 1945,
has its headquarters in Rome, Italy with191 members states. Jose
Graziano da Silva is Current Head.