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based Smart Grid to remotely monitor and control

Renewable Energy Sources




Priyanka Deshmukh
Under the guidance of
Prof. H. N. Patil



The IOT concept was coined by a member of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
development community in 1999, and it has recently become more relevant to the practical world
largely because of the growth of mobile devices, embedded and ubiquitous communication,
cloud computing and data analytics. Many visionaries have seized on the phrase Internet of
Things to refer to the general idea of things, especially everyday objects, that are readable,
recognizable, locatable, addressable, and/or controllable via the Internet, irrespective of the
communication means (whether via RFID, wireless LAN, wide- area networks, or other means).
Everyday objects include not only the electronic devices we encounter or the products of higher
technological development such as vehicles and equipment but things that we do not ordinarily
think of as electronic at all - such as food and clothing.
These things of the real world shall seamlessly integrate into the virtual world, enabling
anytime, anywhere connectivity. In 2010, the number of everyday physical objects and devices
connected to the Internet was around 12.5 billion. Cisco forecasts that this figure is expected to
double to 25 billion in 2015 as the number of more smart devices per person increases, and to a
further 50 billion by 2020. Smart devices connected in the IOT landscape, the impact and value
that IOT brings to our daily lives become more prevalent. People make better decisions such as
taking the best routes to work or choosing their favorite restaurant.
The convergence of data sources on shared networks improves nationwide planning,
promotes better coordination between agencies and facilitates quicker responsiveness to
emergencies and disasters. For enterprises, IOT brings about tangible business benefits from
improved management and tracking of assets and products, new business models and cost
savings achieved through the optimization of equipment and resource usage.
Internet of Things, namely the Internet in which the things connected to each other, is the
extension and expansion of Internet-based network. According to the agreed protocols, with IOT
key technologies: radio frequency identification technology, sensor technology, smart technology
and nanotechnology, the communication information can be exchanged, and the intelligent
recognition, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management can be achieved.

Literature survey





Feasibility of project-

This project presents non Renewable energy monitoring system using various sensors
and IOT using global positioning system module.
The system uses smart grid compared with the traditional grid, smart grid has been
improved distinctly in the optimization of power control, the flexibility of grid structure,
optimizing the allocation of resources, and improving the power quality of services.

Need of project

Internet of things used in smart grid is the inevitable result of the development of
information communication technology (ICT) to a certain stage.
It will be able to effectively integrate the infrastructure resources in communications and
electrical power system, make the information and communication services operate for
electrical power system, increase the level of power system information, and improve the
utilization efficiency of infrastructures in the existing power system.
IoT technology has been used in smart grid, the important technical support for the
generation, transmission, substation, distribution, electricity and other aspects of power
grid can be effectively provided.

Problem statement

Environmental quality and protection covers issues of pollution, hazardous waste

management, hazardous chemical management, waste disposal management and waste
policy and information management.
Severe geophysical or climatic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions,
landslides, droughts, floods, cyclones and fires that threaten people or property are
termed natural hazards. Remote sensing the art of acquiring information about the earth
using remote instruments such as satellites is inherently useful for disaster
Biodiversity is the variety of life: the different plants, animals and micro-organisms. It is
the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or entire planet.

Biodiversity supports ecosystem services including air quality, climate, water

purification, pollination and erosion. Crop diversity aids recovery when the dominant
cultivar is attacked by disease or predator. Health risks associated with changes in
biodiversity e.g. scarcity of fresh water, distribution of disease vectors as a result of
climate change, and availability of food resources.

Objective of the Project

The main objective of the project is to develop a non renewable system by using more
use of renewable system using IOT.
To overcome the problems which caused by non renewable energy such as environmental

MethodologyMethodology to accomplish any project may involves the steps are shown in the
following block diagram

Fig.1 Block Diagram Of IOT for monitoring and controlling non renewable energy.

The block diagram consists following blocks:

Solar panel
GSM Module
FPGA Processor
GRID Energy
LCD Display
Control System
Storage Battery

Significance of the project- To provide secure communications for smart grid-enabled

smart homes, the following basic security services need to be guaranteed:

Authentication. Ensure the identity that another party needs to be sure that it gets pricing
information only from the utility.
Integrity. Ensure that stored or received data were not modified on-route. For instance,
the utility needs to ensure the integrity of metering data received from smart homes.
Authorization. This service allows one party to verify that another authenticated party
has the right to do some actions or access some resources. For instance, the smart home
framework needs to be sure that a tenant requiring access to some electrical appliance has
the necessary rights to do that.
Confidentiality. Ensure that data are illegible to non authorized parties. For instance,
energy consumption sent by the smart home to the utility needs to be encrypted, such as
only the utility is able to access it.
Non-repudiation. This service prevents one party to deny sending a message or doing
some action. For example. Assuming that the utility sends a pricing message with a low
price Y but applies a high price Z, it could not deny the fact that the low-price message
was really sent by it. Furthermore, the utility needs to be sure that a consumer could not
contest a bill by denying the sending of the corresponding energy consumption
Freshness. This service protects from replay attacks, where a valid message sent at time
t, is also sent in the future by the attacker. For instance, an attacker could replay low-tariff
pricing messages during peak-periods


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Things for Energy

Management in the home Power Supply, International Journal of Research In Science

& Engineering e-ISSN: 2394-8299 Volume: 1 Special Issue: 2