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TUGAS KELOMPOK 1

BI 1 / D3 REKMED

Nama :
1. Ajeng Yuni Arso
12/336952/SV/01900
2. Amelia Kurniawati
12/332292/SV/01008
3. Rinna Wahyuningrum 12/332272/SV/00988
4. Yoga Ajie Pramuditya 12/332006/SV/00722

READ THE TEXT BELOW AND ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS BASED ON IT
(1) Glass is everywhere in our lives. It is so common that we hardly think about it. We
look through it when we look out the wondow and if we wear glasses. We drink from it and
sometimes eat from it. The light in our homes comes through glass windows in the daytime
and from glass lights at night. Glass is used in homes, schools, business, industry, and
automobiles.
(2) Fortunately for us, glass is made from very inexpensive materials. The main
material is sand from quartz rock. The mixture is heated until it becomes a syrupy liquid.
When the liquid cools, it becomes glass.
(3) No one knows who first discovered glass or how. Early humans used obsidian, a
natural glass formed by volcanoes, to make tools and jewelry. People probably began
making glass themselves around 3000 B.C. in Syria. Then in a war between Egypt and Syria
in 1400 B.C., Syria became part of Egypt. The Egyptians took Syrian glassmakers back to
Egypt, and over the centuries the entire eastern Mediterranean area became a glassmaking
center.
(4) Probably around 300 B.C. the blowpipe was invented. Egyptian glassmakers
developed the use of the blowpipe. They specialized in beautiful jewelry, dishes, and other
containers. Egyptian glass became so famous that in 26 B.C. Emperor Augustus announced
that Egypt had to pay its taxes to Rome with glass.
(5) The Romans soon started making their own glass. Then they realized that glass
could be used to make windows. A few centuries later, Europeans made magnificent church
windows from colored glass.
(6) Slowly methods of glassmaking improved, and glass makers were able to lower
prices. Nevertheless, until about 1900 glass was still made in the traditional ways with very
few changes.
(7) Since 1900 companies have developed many new types of glass. Safety glass is
a sandwich of glass and plastic. If it breaks, the pieces stay together instead of flying in all
directions. This invention is very useful in automobile windows. One kind of glass stops most
of the heat from the sun. It is widely used in buildings. Another kind is like a mirror from one
side. From the other side it is like a window.
(8) Some windows are made from two sheets of glass with air trapped in a space
between them. This helps keep out the heat and cold. Glass can also trap the heat of the
sun to heat a building. Laboratory glass can be heated to high temperatures without
breaking. One of the most interesting kinds of glass is used in banks and jewelry stores. It is
made of glass and plastic but looks like ordinary glass. If someone shoots a gun, the bullet
cannot go through the glass.
(9) Today most glass is made by machines in large factories. No one touches it.
People use television and computers to control the machines. Nevertheless, a few glass
blowers still take pleasure in making glass the traditional way. They make beautiful
containers and jewelry just as the Egyptians did. (Source: Insights and Ideas)

1.

Why do we almost never think about glass?


Because Glass is everywhere in our lives and It is so common that we hardly think
about it

2.

How is glass made?


The main material is sand from quartz rock. The mixture is heated until it becomes a
syrupy liquid. When the liquid cools, it becomes glass.

3.

Fortunately for us, glass is made from very inexpensive materials. (par. 2, line 1)
Why does the writer say that sentence?
Because Glass is everywhere in our lives

4.

The word It in par. 1, line 1 (It is so common ) refers to


Glass is everywhere in our lives

5.

The word It in par. 2, line 2 ( until it becomes a syrupy liquid.) refers to


The mixture

6.

What is the synonym of syrupy? (par. 2, line 2)


A thick liquid

7.

The word It in par. 2, line 3 ( it becomes glass.) refers to


the liquid

8.

How was jewelry first made in the past?


a natural glass formed by volcanoes, to make tools and jewelry

9.

How did Egyptian learn to make glass?


The Egyptians took Syrian glassmakers back to Egypt, and over the centuries the
entire eastern Mediterranean area became a glassmaking center.

10.

What is the main idea of paragraph 4?


Egyptian glassmakers developed the use of the blowpipe

11.

The word Its in par. 4, line 4 (to pay its taxes to Rome with glass) refers to
That Egypt

12.

Why did Egypt have to pay the taxes with glass?


Because the emperor Augutus announced that Egypt had to pay its taxes to Rome
with glass.

13.

What did the Romans discover?


The Romans discover that glass could be used to make windows

14.

When did people start changing the methods of making glass?


Since 1900

15.

Safety glass is a sandwich of glass and plastic. (par. 7, lines 1-20)


Why does the writer use the word a sandwich? What does he mean?
Because safety glass is insert of glass and plastic. A sandwhich here mean safety
glass is from combined between glass and plastic or among the glass and plastic.

16.

The word It in par. 7, line 2 (If it breaks, ) refers to


Safety glass

17.

The word This in par. 7, line 3 (This invention is very useful ) refers to
The pieces stay together instead of flying in all directions if safety glass breaks.

18.

What is the main idea of paragraph 8?


kinds of glass

19.

The word This in par. 8, line 2 (This helps keep out the heat )
air trapped in a space between them

20.

What is the main idea of paragraph 9?


Today most glass is made by machines in large factories