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Extra-territorial Jurisdiction of Competition Commission of India

Competition is the best means of ensuring that the common man has access to
the broadest range of goods and services at the most competitive prices. A fair
competition in market is essential to achieve this objective. The Competition
Commission of India is a body of the Government of India which aims to create
and sustain fair competition in the economy that will provide a level playing
field to the producers and make the markets work for the welfare of the
consumers. It is the duty of the Commission to eliminate practices having
adverse effect on competition, promote and sustain competition, protect the
interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India.
Extra-territorial jurisdiction refers to ability of a court or a government to exercise
power beyond its territorial limits. Therefore, Extra-territorial Jurisdiction of the
Competition Commission of India is the ability of the CCI to pass orders against
entities established beyond the territorial boundaries.
In this Article, the concept of Extra-territorial Jurisdiction will be emphasised.
Firstly, the concept of Extra-territorial Jurisdiction will be established with the
help of laws and then with the help of various case laws followed by various
powers & functions of the Competition Commission of India including its extraterritorial jurisdiction. This Article will also contain a brief introduction of the
Competition Laws in India and their importance. The article will be prepared
referring to various books and articles. An effort will be made to include
maximum number of case laws, wherever relevant.