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METHANOL

ICSC: 0057
Peer-Review Status: 04.11.2000 Validated

Methyl alcohol
Carbinol
Wood alcohol
CAS #: 67-56-1 RTECS #:
PC1400000
UN #: 1230
EC #: 603-001-00-X
EINECS #: 200-659-6

Formula: CH4O / CH3OH


Molecular mass: 32.0

PREVENTIO
N

FIRST AID / FIREFIGHTING

Highly flammable. See Notes.

NO open
flames, NO
sparks and NO
smoking. NO
contact with
oxidizing
agents.

Use water in large amounts,


powder, alcohol-resistant foam,
carbon dioxide.

Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.

EXPLOSIO
N

Closed system, In case of fire: keep drums,


ventilation,
etc., cool by spraying with
explosion-proof water.
electrical
equipment and
lighting. Do
NOT use
compressed air
for filling,
discharging, or
handling. Use
non-sparking
handtools.

EXPOSUR
E

AVOID
EXPOSURE
OF
ADOLESCENT
S AND
CHILDREN!

TYPES OF
HAZARD
/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS /
SYMPTOMS

FIRE

Inhalation

Cough. Dizziness. Headache.


Nausea. Weakness. Visual

Use ventilation. Fresh air, rest. Refer for


Use local
medical attention.

Skin

disturbances.

exhaust or
breathing
protection.

MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin.


Redness.

Protective
gloves.
Protective
clothing.

Remove contaminated clothes.


Rinse skin with plenty of water
or shower. Refer for medical
attention .

Redness. Pain.

Wear safety
goggles or eye
protection in
combination
with breathing
protection.

First rinse with plenty of water


for several minutes (remove
contact lenses if easily
possible), then refer for medical
attention.

Abdominal pain. Shortness of


breath. Vomiting. Convulsions.
Unconsciousness. Further see
Inhalation.

Do not eat,
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN
drink, or smoke CONSCIOUS PERSONS!).
during work.
Refer for medical attention .
Wash hands
before eating.

Eyes

Ingestion

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Personal protection: chemical protection suit


including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Evacuate danger area! Ventilation. Collect leaking
and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as
possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of
water. Remove vapour with fine water spray.

Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.


EC Classification
Symbol: F, T; R: 11-23/24/25-39/23/24/25; S: (1/2)7-16-36/37-45
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN
Pack Group: II
GHS Classification

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

SAFE STORAGE

Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1230.


NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0.

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and


food and feedstuffs. Cool.

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC
ODOUR.

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by
inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

Physical dangers
The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures
are easily formed.

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached
rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at
20C.

Chemical dangers
Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire

Effects of short-term exposure

and explosion hazard.


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 200 ppm as TWA; 250 ppm as STEL; (skin);
BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 200 ppm, 270 mg/m; Peak limitation
category: II(4); Pregnancy risk group: C; Skin
absorption (H); (DFG 2004).

The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and


respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects
on the central nervous system. This may result in
loss of consciousness. Exposure could cause
blindness and death. The effects may be delayed.
Medical observation is indicated.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may
cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects
on the central nervous system. This may result in
persistent or recurring headaches and impaired
vision.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

ENVIRONMENTAL DATA

Boiling point: 65C


Melting point: -98C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.79
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 12.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C
(air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 12C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 464C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.5-44
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow:
-0.82/-0.66

NOTES
Burns with nonluminous bluish flame.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
LEGAL NOTICE

Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International


Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
IPCS 2004-2012

Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which

might be made of this information.

METHANOL

ICSC: 0057
Status rekan-Ulasan: 04.11.2000 Validated

Methyl alcohol
Carbinol
Wood alcohol
CAS #: 67-56-1 RTECS #:
PC1400000
UN #: 1230
EC #: 603-001-00-X
EINECS #: 200-659-6

Rumus: CH4O / CH3OH


Massa Molekul: 32.0

JENIS BAHAYA /
SAMBUNGAN
AKUT
BAHAYA AKUT /
BAHAYA
GEJALA
/PERTOLONGA
N PERTAMA

KEBAKARAN

LEDAKAN

PENCEGAHAN

PERTOLONGAN
PERTAMA /
PENANGGULANGAN
KEBAKARAN

Sangat mudah
terbakar. Lihat
Catatan.

Tanpa nyala api


terbuka, tidak ada
bunga api dan tidak
merokok. Tidak ada
kontak dengan agen
oksidasi.

Gunakan air dalam jumlah


besar, bubuk, busa tahanalkohol, karbon dioksida.

Vapour/air mixtures
are explosive.

Closed system,
In case of fire: keep
ventilation,
drums, etc., cool by
explosion-proof
spraying with water.
electrical equipment
and lighting. Do
NOT use compressed
air for filling,
discharging, or
handling. Use nonsparking handtools.

AVOID
EXPOSURE OF
ADOLESCENTS
AND CHILDREN!

PENCAHAYAAN

Inhalation

KULIT

Cough. Dizziness.
Headache. Nausea.
Weakness. Visual
disturbances.

Use ventilation. Use


local exhaust or
breathing protection.

Fresh air, rest. Refer for


medical attention.

MAY BE
ABSORBED! Dry
skin. Redness.

Protective gloves.
Protective clothing.

Remove contaminated
clothes. Rinse skin with
plenty of water or shower.
Refer for medical
attention .

Redness. Pain.

Wear safety goggles


or eye protection in
combination with
breathing protection.

First rinse with plenty of


water for several minutes
(remove contact lenses if
easily possible), then refer
for medical attention.

Abdominal pain.
Shortness of breath.
Vomiting.
Convulsions.
Unconsciousness.
Further see
Inhalation.

Do not eat, drink, or


smoke during work.
Wash hands before
eating.

Induce vomiting (ONLY


IN CONSCIOUS
PERSONS!). Refer for
medical attention .

MATA

PROSES
MENELAN

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Personal protection: chemical protection suit


including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Evacuate danger area! Ventilation. Collect leaking
and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as
possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of
water. Remove vapour with fine water spray.

Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.


EC Classification
Symbol: F, T; R: 11-23/24/25-39/23/24/25; S: (1/2)7-16-36/37-45
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN
Pack Group: II
GHS Classification

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

SAFE STORAGE

Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1230.


NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0.

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and


food and feedstuffs. Cool.

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC
ODOUR.

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by
inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

Physical dangers
The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures
are easily formed.

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached
rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at
20C.

Chemical dangers
Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire
and explosion hazard.
Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 200 ppm as TWA; 250 ppm as STEL; (skin);
BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 200 ppm, 270 mg/m; Peak limitation
category: II(4); Pregnancy risk group: C; Skin
absorption (H); (DFG 2004).

Effects of short-term exposure


The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and
respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects
on the central nervous system. This may result in
loss of consciousness. Exposure could cause
blindness and death. The effects may be delayed.
Medical observation is indicated.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may
cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects
on the central nervous system. This may result in
persistent or recurring headaches and impaired
vision.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

ENVIRONMENTAL DATA

Boiling point: 65C


Melting point: -98C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.79
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 12.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C
(air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 12C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 464C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.5-44
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow:
-0.82/-0.66

NOTES
Burns with nonluminous bluish flame.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
LEGAL NOTICE

Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International


Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
IPCS 2004-2012

Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which
might be made of this information.