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PRESENTATION SUBMITTED

BY:ALOK MISHRA
0902900
015 (CE-4th
YEAR) KRISHNA
INSTITUE OF

ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY,


GHAZIABAD

Presentation on
Summer
Training
held at Construction
Site of
Police Station Khajuri
Khas
under

Central Public Works


Department

Project
Report

TOPICS
Introduction
Project Overview
Site Location
Formwork
Planning
Sequence of Structures
Finishing Works
Project Monitoring
Quality
Conclusion

INTRODUCTION
About CPWD:
The Central Public Works Department of India is a Central
Government owned authority that is in charge of public sector works
in the
country.
Central Public Works Department (CPWD) under Ministry of
Urban Development is entrusted with construction and
maintenance of buildings for most of the Central Government
Departments, Public undertakings and autonomous bodies.
CPWD, Delhi is the premier agency of Govt. of India engaged in
planning, designing, construction and maintenance of
Government assets in the field of built environment and
infrastructure development. Assets in built environment include
Hospitals, Schools, Colleges, Technical Institutes, Police
Buildings, Prisons, Courts etc.

OBJECTIVES
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

Sound Planning And Design


Engineered Construction
Effective Maintenance
Benchmarking the Standards
Capacity Building
Public Private Partnership
Manpower Planning
Transparency in Management

PROJECT OVERVIEW
Name Of Work:
Construction of Police Station Khajuri Khas, Near
Sonia Vihar, Delhi (SH: C/o Police Station
Building,
Electric sub Station & External Development
Work
i.e. Internal Electrical Installations)

AGREEMENT NO. :
NAME OF CONTRACTOR:

03/EE/CD-III/2011-12
M/S ROSHAN REAL ESTATES PVT

LTD.

PLOT SIZE:
ESTIMATED COST:

TENDERED COST:

DATE OF START:
STIPULATED DATE OF
COMPLETION:

5984 Sqm. Area

Civil WorkRs
6, 01, 47,287/- Elec.
WorkRs
24,
75,332/Rs

Civil WorkRs
6, 57, 88,182/- Elec.
WorkRs
28 ,
69,490/ Rs

04-08-2011

02-08-2012

6, 26, 22,609/-

6, 86, 57,672/-

ACTUAL DATE OF
COMPLETION:
TIME ALLOWED :

Work is Under Progress


(80% Work is Completed)
365 Days

SITE LOCATION
Advantages Of this Site
Land
Store
Health Unit
Canteen
Connectivity Of the Yard
Ease Of transportation Facilities

FORMWORK
SIGNIFICANCE OF FORMWORK:1) Formwork constitutes 30% of the cost and 60% of the time in concrete
construction.
2) Quality of concrete finish and soundness of concrete depends very
much on the formwork
system
3) Desired shape of concrete is not possible if formwork not done properly.
4) Formwork should be properly designed, fabricated and erected to receive
concrete.
5) Accidents happen because of the faulty formwork and scaffolding or staging

SAFET Y IN USING FORMWORK:1)


2)
3)
4)

Components are light in weight for manual handling.


Loose or hanging components are minimal.
Appropriate use of tools.
Minimum operations are involved in each reuse.

Planning of a CPWD Project mainly


includes:-

PLANNING

Pre-requisites for execution of work.


Deposit works
Preparation of estimates.
Execution of original work.
Expenditure on survey, exhibition.
Register of buildings.
Green building norms.
Preparation and accounting of Standard Measurement book.
Preparation and passing bills for payment.
Documentation of accounts.
General departmental charges.
Contracts and forms.
Preparation of tender documents.
Publicity of tenders
Sale of documents
Earnest money.
Issue of material to contractors.
Issue of tool and plant.
Payment to contractors
Insurance
Losses or damages.
Budgeting
Quality assurance and technical audit wing.
Inspection and Audit by Chief Controller.
Public accounts committee.

SEQUENCE OF
STRUCTURE
WORK
Site clearance
Demarcation of site
Positioning of central coordinate i.e. (0,0,0) as
per grid plan
Surveying and layout
Excavation
Bar binding and placement of foundation steel
Shuttering and scaffolding
Concreting
Electrical and plumbing

Construction Process And Material


Used
CONCRETE
1) Normal Concrete made of Fine

Aggregate + Regular Aggregate


+ Water

2) Concrete will set up hard enough in

normal weather in about 3 hours

3) It takes 28 days for it to reach its fullest

strength

Plastering
Make sure to wet the surface at which you are applying
plaster.
This will ensure better sticking of the plaster.
Dont use dry cement over the plastic surface, as there
chances of
it getting distorted.
Use the appropriate amount of water while mixing
chemicals or
else, there are chances that it wont set up to the brick
wall.
Wait for 24 hours after plastering the wall and
splatter water over it for the next 3-4 days. The
splattered water will ensure better set up of the
plaster.

If you are doing the patch up work in a smaller area, like in


a
room, make sure to keep newspaper pieces on the ground,
so
that if the plaster falls over it, it can be removed. Once
dried, it is
difficult to remove the plaster.

FINISHING WORKS
Painting
Pre-painting work
Surface preparation
Painting

Pre-Painting Works

Patching
Sanding
Cleaning
Priming

Surface Preparation

Allow newly plastered surface to mature for a period of at


least 6 months before painting.
Rectify existing surface problems such as dampness, cracks etc.
before
actual painting process.
Check for hand prints, greasy fingerprints, algae as well as dirt
and stained marks.
Use a scraper, putty knife or scrub brush to remove any dirt, grease,
rust, or
f laking.
Fill in the holes, cracks and joints with plaster.
Clean and dry the surface.
Make sure the area to be painted is well ventilated as well as free of
dust.

As far as possible, dont paint under much humid conditions.

Painting

Objects to be Painted
Interior walls
Exterior Walls
Metal Surfaces
Wooden Surfaces

INTERIOR WALLS
Apply a coat of Wall Primer (water thinnable) on new surfaces.
Fill and level the minor undulations of wall by applying putty. In
case of major undulations on the wall surface, POP (Plaster of
Paris) work needs to be carried out. Ensure that the surface is
uniformly smooth by sanding after POP or putty work.
One liberal coat of Wall Primer (solvent thinned or water thinned) is
recommended on puttied areas before the application of top coat.
The primer should be allowed to dry for 10 - 12 hours. If the
primer coat is not applied over the puttied areas, there can be a
patchy appearance of the top coat.
Avoid application of putty or filling compound while painting exterior
surfaces.
Fill up cracks with a 1:3 (by volume) cement and sand mixture.
All external drainage pipes must be checked for rusting or leakage.
Any faulty plumbing must be rectified
Special attention must be given to the roof. Check for cracks near
the edges and close to the water reservoirs. Proper masonry or

waterproofing work on the ceiling will enhance the performance of


the paint.

Exterior Walls
Pre-painting
For exterior surfaces it is very important to
undertake repairs of any wall imperfections
before commencing painting.. Avoid applying
putty or filling compound while painting
exterior surfaces. Fill up cracks with a
1:3 cement and sand mixture.
All external drainage pipes must be
checked for rusting or leakage. Any
faulty plumbing must be rectified.
Special attention must be given to the roof.
Check for cracks near the edges and close to
the water reservoirs. Proper masonry or
waterproofing work on the ceiling will enhance
the performance of the painted surfaces.

Exterior Wall Painting


Apply a liberal coat of Asian Paints Exterior Wall
Primer using recommended method.
Apply two coats of top coat paint at recommended dilution.
You can use Apex Weather Proof Exterior Emulsion or Apex
Textured Exterior Emulsion or Ace Exterior Emulsion as top
coat.
A gap of 4 to 6 hours must be given between two coats.
It is recommended that horizontal surfaces like the tops of
awnings and Parapets must be given an additional coat
for greater protection.

Metal Surfaces
Surface should be free from dirt, dust, grease, rust,
moisture etc. The area which is not to be painted must be
covered by a masking tape, paper and/or cloth.
For best results, allow the primer coat to dry for 6 hours and
dry
sand with emery paper no. 320 before application of
subsequent coat.
Allow the surface to dry overnight after application of primer as
above.
Apply top coat using the recommended thinner. For best results,
apply
two coats allowing 8 hours of drying time between two
coats.

The first coat should be wet sanded with waterproof


emery paper grade 400 before applying the second
coat.

Wooden Surfaces
Surface Preparation:
Previously painted wooden surfaces must be properly sanded to
remove any dust or grease.
Apply wood primer by brush, after thinning to given ratio by
recommended thinner.
Allow it to dry for 6-8 hrs then apply putty.
Sand the applied putty with number 180 sand paper and then
apply
second coat of wood primer.
Now the wooden surface is ready for painting with the top coat

Painting
For opaque finish you can choose conventional enamels Apply
wood
primer by brush, after thinning to given ratio by recommended
thinner.
Sand the applied putty with 180 no. sand paper & apply
2nd coat of wood primer.
Now the wooden surface is ready for painting with the top coat
Enamels are normally applied by brushing although they
can also be sprayed.
The drying time of enamels is longer; hence care must
be taken to ensure a dust free environment while the
paint film is drying.
Two coats of paint is sufficient in most cases, however if
the earlier paint shade was significantly darker than the
new shade an additional coat of paint is recommended

PROJECT MONITORING
PROJECT MONITORING SYSTEM
The following three reports are made for the
trackingMonthly progress report
Job cost report
Project performance report.

Quality
Quality Control System of CPWD
Field Level
Circle Level
Core Wing at Directorate Level

Quality Assurance Units In The Region


Contract & Manual
Standards and Specifications
Quality Assurance
Techno-Legal matters
Technology Application & Standards Unit.

CONCLUSION
It was a wonderful learning experience at CPWD
office, IP
Bhawan, New Delhi 110002 for Six Weeks.
I gained a lot of insight regarding FINISHING aspects
of
Construction site.
I was given exposure in almost all the departments
at the site, but I had liked to highlight the areas
of safety, quality management, material
management and execution.

I hope this experience will surely help me in my


future and also in shaping my career.