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QUESTION TAQ

Study these sentences!


1. You can drive a car, cant you ?
2. Father drinks coffee every morning, ----------?
3. They will go to the capital,----------?
4. The door has been closed, -----------?
5. I am a student, ----------?
6. She wasnt at home, ----------?
7. They didnt come then, ----------?
8. He doesnt have a racket, ----------?
9. Susan isnt a cashier, ----------?
10.We arent lazy, ----------?

EMBEDDED QUESTIONS
Is one which is included in a sentence or another sentence. The word order is not that of
typical questions except for SUBJECT questions.
Study the following rules!

SUBJECT + VERB (PHRASE) + QUESTION WORD +


SUBJECT + VERB

Ex:
Question:
Where will the
meeting take place?

Embedded: We havent ascertained where


QW

the meeting

will take place.

SUBJECT VERB PHRASE

Question:

Why did the plane land at the wrong airport?

Embedded

The authorities cannot figure out why


QW

the plane landed at the wrong place.

SUBJECT

VERB

The following rule applies if the embedded question is embedded in another question.

AUXILIARY + SUBJECT + VERB + QUESTION WORD +


SUBJECT + VERB

Do you know where he went?


Could you tell me what time it is?
NOTE:
There is no change in the order of subject position questions because the question word is
functioning as the SUBJECT.
Complete the following sentences making embedded questions.

Example: Where did he go?


I know where he went.
1. Who will be elected president? Im not sure---------------------------.
2. Whose book is it? They havent discovered---------------------------3. How much will it cost to repair the car? The mechanic told me----------------4. How was the murder commited? The police are still trying to decide------------------5. How tall is John? Do you know-----------------?
6. How well does she play the guitar? You cant imagine----------7. When will the next exam take place? Do you know------------------?
8. Where did they spend their vacation? Angela told me-------------------9. Why are they buying a new house? I dont know----------------------10.How long does the class last? The catalog doesnt say---------------------FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE APPROPRIATE CLAUSES IN THE BOX!
1. Do you know-------------------------------------------------2. ----------------------has been eaten by your child.
3. Can you tell me..................................?
4. Can you guess--------------------------------------?
5. I saw------------------------------------------------6. Mother asked me......................................................
7. ------------------------------------------------I dont know.
8. She asked me...............................................
9. Does he know.............................................?
10.I want to know...............................................
The clauses
1. Who in the room was
2. Which bus I should
take?
3. How the pen costs.
4. Where he is going?
5. What you bought.
6. When his father will
go?
7. What they were doing.
8. How old he is?
9. Why he is crying.
10.Where I lived in
Jakarta.

THE KEY
Question tag
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

You can drive a car, cant you?


Father drinks coffee every morning, doesnt he?
They will go to the capital, wont they?
The door has been closed, hasnt it?
I am a student, arent I? /aint I?
BUT I aint a kid, am I?
She wasnt at home, was she?

7. They didnt come then, did they?


8. He doesnt have a racket, does he?
9. Susan isnt a cashier, is she?
10.We arent lazy, are we?
Embedded question
1. Who will be elected president? Im not sure who will be elected president
2. Whose book is it? They havent discovered whose book it is
3. How much will it cost to repair the car? The mechanic told me how much it would cost
to repair the car
4. How was the murder commited? The police are still trying to decide how the murder
was commited
5. How tall is John? Do you know how tall John is?
6. How well does she play the guitar? You cant imagine how well she plays the guitar
7. When will the next exam take place? Do you know when the next exam will take place?
8. Where did they spend their vacation? Angela told me where they spent their vacation
9. Why are they buying a new house? I dont know why they are buying a new house
10.How long does the class last? The catalog doesnt say how long the class lasts
FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE APPROPRIATE CLAUSES IN THE BOX!
1. Do you know when his father will go?
2. What you bought has been eaten by your child.
3. Can you tell me which bus I should take?
4. Can you guess how old he is?
5. I saw what they were doing.
6. Mother asked me who in the room was
7. Why he is crying I dont know
8. She asked me where he is going?
9. Does he know where I lived in Jakarta
10.I want to know who in the room was
The clauses
1. Who in the room was
2. Which bus I should
take?
3. How the pen costs.
4. Where he is going?
5. What you bought.
6. When his father will
go?
7. What they were doing.
8. How old he is?
9. Why he is crying.
10.Where I lived in Jakarta

Affirmative Agreement.
1. I am happy. You are happy.
I am happy, and you are too.
I am happy, and so are you.
2. They will work in the lab tomorrow. You will work in the lab tomorrow.

They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too.
They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so will you.
3. Jane goes to that school. My sister goes to that school.
Jane goes to that school, and my sister does too.
Jane goes to that school and so does my sister.
Negative Agreement.
1. I didnt see Mary this morning. John didnt see Mary this morning.
I didnt see Mary this morning, and John didnt either.
I didnt see Mary this morning, and neither did John.
2. She wont be going to the conference. Her colleagues wont be going to the
conference.
She wont be going to the conference, and her colleagues wont either.
She wont be going to the conference, and neither will her colleagues.
3. John hasnt seen the new movie yet. I havent seen the movie yet.
John hasnt seen the new movie yet and I havent either.
John hasnt seen the new movie yet and neither have I.
1. Rose likes to fly, and her brother does too.
2. They will leave at noon, and I will too
3. She has an early appointment, and so have I.
4. She has already written her competition, and so have her friends
5. Their plane is arriving at nine oclock, and so is mine
6. I should go grocery shopping this afternoon, and so should my neighbor.
7. We like to swim in the pool, and they do too
8. Our Spanish teacher loves to travel, and so do we
9. He has lived in Mexico for five years, and I have too
10.I must write them a letter, and she must too
11.The children shouldnt take that medicine, and neither should she.
12.We dont plan to attend the concert, and neither do they.
13.I dont like tennis, and she doesnt either
14.She didnt see anyone she knew, and neither did Tim.
15.Mary cant type well, and her brother cant either.
16.Im not interested in reading that book, and neither is she
17.They wont have to work on weekends, and I wont either
18.I cant stand listening to that music, and neither can she.
19.Michael doesnt speak English, and his family dont either.
20.Sukma couldnt play due to the bad weather, and neither could Rakyan.
EXAMPLE:
Which book is he reading? (I want to know)
I want to know which book he is reading.
DO LIKE THE EXAMPLES!
1. Where are you going? (We asked her)
We asked her where she was going.
2. How does she go to school? (Do you know)
Do you know how she goes to school.
3. What did the teacher tell you? (You must obey)
You must obey what the teacher told you
4. What can I do for you? (He asked me)
He asked me what I could for you
5. When will you come again? (She asked him)
She asked him when he would come again.
6. Who is the girl?(Ardi wants to know)
Ardi wants to know who the girl is.

7. Which shirt do you like? (Mother asked me)


Mother asked me which shirt I liked.
8. Whose baby is in the baby box? (I wonder)
I wonder whose baby in the baby box is.
9. What day is now? (The teacher asked him)
The teacher asked him what day was then.
10.Why do you hate me? (Rini asked Rita)
Rini asked Rita why she hated rini

LETS REFRESH YOUR UNDERSTANDING ON PRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT


CONTINOUS(PROGRESSIVE) TENSE!
1. Every Monday, Sally(drive).....her kids to football practice.
2. Usually, I(work).....as a secretary at ABT, but this summer I (study).....French at a
language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.
3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep).....
4. Dont forget to take your umbrella. It (rain).....
5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always).....
6. Im sorry I cant hear what you (say).....because everybody (talk).....so loudly.
7. The business cards(be, normally).....printed by a company in New York. Their prices
(be).....inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is quite good.
8. .....to Lake Balaton every summer. (we/go)
9. .....your homework in the afternoon?(you/do)
10.We.....our friends very often.(not/visit)
11.Where .....?Its only six oclock!(you/go)
12.Excuse me, but.....on my foot.(you/stand)
13......her teeth at the moment.(she/clean)
14.Mary.....her mother(never/help)
15.Tom..........in London. (not/live)

CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER! (Simple present, Simple Past, Present Perfect, Past Continous)
1. Every night the watchman turns on all the lights and .....around the building every half
an hour.
A.walks
B. is walking
C. to be walking
D. walking
E. to walk
2. Could you please book me on the next flight to Mexico city?
Im sorry, Sir. Our airline.....to Mexico City.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Will not fly


Has not been flying
Did not fly
Wasnt able to fly
Doesnt fly

3.When do you plan to get married?


After .....my school.
A. I finish
B. I finished
C. I am finishing
D. I had finished
E. I have been finishing
4. I have written three letters. It means :
A. She is still writing now.
B. She is not writing anymore.
C. She has not finished writing yet.
D. She hopes to finish writing.
E. She has to write now.
5. My daughter .....a lot of photograph of the borobudur when she went there on her
vacation.
A. Has taken
B. Has been taking

C. Would take
D. Took
E. Had taken
6. I didnt hear the thunder during the storm last night because I .....soundly.
A. Have been sleeping
B. Had slept
C. Am sleeping
D. Was sleeping
E. Have slept
7. A taxi driver, who witnessed the accident, took my injured brother to the hospital and
then .....my parents.
A. Call
B. Called
C. Calling
D. To call
E. Was calling
8. When did the farmer find that ancient tool?
When he .....his field.
A. Was ploughing
B. Has ploughed
C. Had ploughed
D. Is ploughing
E. Has been ploughing
9. When did you realize that you had lost your purse?
When I .....money to pay the conductor.
A. Was needing
B. Needed
C. Had needed
D. Have needed
E. Am needing
10.I wonder why Agus is absent. He might be sick.
He isnt. I saw him when I.....for the bus.
A. Wait
B. Was waiting
C. Had waited
D. Is waiting
E. Have waited
11.I.....the street when it began to rain.
A. Am walking down
B. Was walking down
C. Have walked down
D. Would walk down
E. Have been walking down
12.Did you see the children when you came home this afternoon?
No, they .....their teacher in Priok.
A. Visited
B. Had visited
C. Visits
D. Were visiting
E. Would have visited
13.So, you have finished typing those letters! When did you do it?
When You .....the meeting.
A. Were attending
B. Attend
C. Have attended
D. Attended
E. Had attended
14.When did the accident happen?
When we.....our mothers birthday.

A. Are celebrating
B. Had celebrated
C. Were celebrating
D. Have celebrated
E. Have been celebrating
15.Can we postpone the class meeting until Friday?
Im afraid. I always..... basketball on Friday.
A. Would play
B. Will have been playing
C. Have been playing
D. Play
E. Played
TEST 2
1. What is your plan for this weekend?
I.....my brother
A. Will have visited
B. Have visited
C. Will have been visiting
D. Visited
E. Will visit
2. Oh, Dear! I forgot to bring my dictionary
Thats all right. I .....you mine
A. Am lending
B. Am going to lend
C. Will lend
D. Lend
E. Will be lending
3. Could you tell your brother to meet me at the library tomorrow?
Sure, I.....him.
A. Am telling
B. Will tell
C. Be telling
D. Will be telling
E. Would have told
4. I wonder what I.....this time next year
A. Will be doing
B. Am doing
C. Do
D. have done
E. will be done
5. By the end of this week, he will have finished reading the novel. It means:
A. He has finished reading the novel
B. He may have finished reading the novel
C. He was reading the novel
D. He will not finish reading the novel
E. He has not finished reading the novel and he is going to finish reading it this week
6. At ten oclock tonight , I....., so dont call me at that time!
A. Will sleep
B. Will be sleeping
C. Am sleeping
D. Was sleeping
E. Has been sleeping
7. I can lend you the book next week because that time I.....reading it.
A. Will be finishing
B. Have finished
C. Am finishing
D. Will have finished

E. Would finish
8. By this time next week .....her work.
A. She finishes
B. She has finished
C. She will have finished
D. She has been finishing
E. She would finish
9. By the end of this week, i .....from Malaysia.
A. Am back
B. Have been back
C. Would be back
D. May be back
E. Will have been back
10.If you visit us this coming weekend, we wont be home as we.....by then
A. Will be to Bali
B. Will have gone to Bali
C. Would go to Bali
D. Would have gone to Bali
E. Would have been going to Bali
TEST 3
SUPPLY THE PAST PERFECT OR SIMPLE PAST IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES!
1. The policeman read the suspect his rights after he.....(arrest) him.
2.After John.....(wash)his clothes, he began to study.
3. George.....(wait)for one hour before the bus came.
4. Maria.....(enter)the university after she had graduated from the community college.
5. Jeannete.....(wash)the pipettes after she had completed the experiment.
6. Jane sent a letter to her university after she .....(receive)her scholarship check.
7. After the stewardesses had served lunch to the passengers, they.....(sit)down.
8. The car.....(flip)ten times before it landedon its roof
9. We corrected our papers after we.....(take) the quiz
10. John.....(live)in Miami for one year when his parents came to visit.

USE EITHER THE PRESENT PERFECT OR THE SIMPLE PAST IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Vella .....(write) his assignment last week


Titis.....(join) the English Proficiency Challenge competition before.
Fatma.....(read)the announcement already.
Mr. Samyudi.....(work) in the same place for thirty-five years, and he is not planning to
retire yet.
Aditya Lies.....(begin;negative)to study for the test yet.
Rangga .....(go)to the store at ten oclock this morning.
The Principal.....(travel)around the world.
Betty.....(write)a letter last night.

9. The director .....(call)his employer yesterday.


10.We .....(see;negative)this movie yet.
CHANGE THE VERBS IN BRACKETS INTO THE CORRECT FORMS, EITHER IN SIMPLE PRESENT
TENSE OR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE!
1. Tony usually.....(eat)breakfast in the morning, but I dont know why he.....(eat) it.
2. To be a successful student is not very easy. If you.....(never)get to study hard, you will
never be!
3. So far, I .....(call)her twice. It seems that she is too busy with her work.
4. If you want to be rich and have a lot of money, then you have to.....(make)a new
business.
5. On the other hand, if you .....(never,make) a friend before, you will need some friends
to help you get one.
6. It is said that there is a new talk show program on TV. I am not sure it is good, because
I.....(not see) it.
7. The director always.....(come) on time actually. I dont know why he .....(not come)
yet.
8. Earthquake.....(occur) three times this month. We hope that it will not happen again
9. Poverty .....(be) a big problem for a eveloping country like Indonesia.
10.To tell you frankly, this is the first time I.....(be) on a plane

EXERCISE 2
1. The anthropologist has been studying that tribe for the last five years. It means : He.....
that tribe.
A. Has finished studying
B. Studied
C. Was studying
D. Had studied
E. Is still studying
2. Several hotels in this region are closing down. Thats because tourism itself .....since
last year.
A. Is declining
B. Declined
C. Has been declining
D. Was declining
E. Had declined
3. Dina bought a cassete player last week and she .....to music ever since.
A. Has been listening
B. Was listening
C. Would have listened
D. Will be listening
E. Listened
4. Anwar was promoted president of your company last week, wasnt he?
Im glad he was, he.....in this company for years.
A. Had worked
B. Has been working
C. Was working
D. Would work
E. Worked
5. Iwan, the national tennis champion, .....tennis since he was nine.
A. Played
B. Has been playing
C. Plays
D. Is playing
E. Has played
6. Ten years ago there was no statue in front of this building.
Well, it.....there for three years now.
A. Is
B. Has been
C. Is being
D. Was
E. Had been
7. Hadi looks very tired, he.....for hours.
A. Drove
B. Had driven
C. Was driving
D. Had been driving
E. Has been driving
8. I know that one of my students .....in your company since he graduated.
A. Work
B. Working
C. Works
D. Has been working
E. Have worked
9. For the last five months, he.....of moving out because the area has become highly
polluted.
A. Thinks
B. Is thinking
C. Thought

D.
E.
10.All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Had thought
Has been thinking
this years, Iras family......in poverty.
Lived
Has been living
Had lived
Was living
Lives

PASSIVE VOICE
1. Present Tense
2.
3.
4.
5.

: She sweeps the floor everyday


- Acive
The floor is swept (by her )everyday
-Passive
Past Tense : She swept the floor yesterday
-Active
:The floor was swept (by her) yesterday
-Passive
Present Continous Tense : She is sweeping the floor now
-Active
: The floor is being swept (by her)now
-passive
Future Tense : She will swept the floor tomorrow
-Active
: The floor will be slept tomorrow
-Passive
Present Perfect: She has swept the floor
-Active
: The floor has been swept (by her)
-Passive

Fiil in the blanks with a, an or the


1.Yesterday I saw........dog and .....cat . .....dog was chasing...........cat. .....cat was
chasing.....mouse.
.....mouse ran into.....hole, but.....hole was very small. .....cat couldnt get
into....hole., so it ran up.....tree.
.....dog tried to climb.....tree too, but it couldnt.