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You are on page 1of 9

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page find all choices

before answering.

3. During interval II only

4. During interval I only

4

2

I

II

2

III

4

t

6

objects speed highest? Do not confuse the

speed with the velocity.

1. During interval II

2. Same speed during each of the three intervals.

3. During interval III correct

4. During interval I

5. Same speed during intervals II and III

Explanation:

The velocity v is the slope of the x(t) curve;

the magnitude v = |v| of this slope is the

speed. The curve is steepest (in absolute

magnitude) during the interval III and that is

when the object had the highest speed.

002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

During which interval(s) did the objects velocity remain constant?

Explanation:

For each of the three intervals I, II or III, the

x(t) curve is linear, so its slope (the velocity

v) is constant. Between the intervals, the

velocity changed in an abrupt manner, but it

did remain constant during each interval.

003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Consider the following graph

Displacement vs Time

10

8

displacement (m)

Consider a moving object whose position x

is plotted as a function of the time t. The

object moved in different ways during the

time intervals denoted I, II and III on the

figure.

6

4

2

0

2

4

6

8

10

0 2

4 6

8 10 12 14 16 18 20

time (s)

What is the displacement at 10 s?

1. 4 m correct

2. 1 m

3. 1 m

4. 3 m

5. 0 m

6. 3 m

7. None of these

x1 = 58.2 m , and

v1 = 3.96 m/s .

8. 2 m

9. 2 m

10. Unable to determine

Explanation:

Read the displacement from the graph.

004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

What is the velocity at 10 s?

pool in

t1 =

x1

58.2 m

=

= 14.697 s .

v1

3.96 m/s

x2 = v2 t + x1

1. 2 m/s

2. None of these

3. 0 m/s correct

4. 1 m/s

5. Unable to determine

v2 t + x1

x2

=

t1

t1

v2 t1 = v2 t + x1

v2 (t1 t) = x1

v2 =

6. 4 m/s

v2 =

7. 1 m/s

58.2 m

x1

=

t1 t

14.697 s 0.47 s

= 4.09082 m/s .

8. 2 m/s

9. 3 m/s

10. 3 m/s

Explanation:

At 10 s, the slope is 0.

005 10.0 points

One swimmer in a relay race has a 0.47 s

lead and is swimming at a constant speed of

3.96 m/s. The swimmer has 58.2 m to swim

before reaching the end of the pool. A second

swimmer moves in the same direction as the

leader.

What constant speed must the second

swimmer have in order to catch up to the

leader at the end of the pool?

Correct answer: 4.09082 m/s.

A runner is jogging at a steady 7.2 km/hr.

When the runner is 8.6 km from the finish

line, a bird begins flying from the runner to

the finish line at 36 km/hr (5 times as fast

as the runner). When the bird reaches the

finish line, it turns around and flies back to

the runner.

vb

vr

finish

line

L

the bird is a dodo, assume that it occupies

only one point in space (a zero length bird)

and that it can turn without loss of speed.

Explanation:

Correct answer: 14.3333 km.

Let :

t = 0.47 s ,

Explanation:

Let :

vr = 7.2 km/hr ,

L = 8.6 km , and

vb = 5 vr .

finish

line

dr1

L1

db1

encounter with the bird. In that time, the bird

has traveled a distance L + (L x) = 2 L x .

The bird travel 5 times as fast as the runner

during this time frame, so

db = 5 dr

2L x = 5x

2L = 6x

1

x= L

3

the next encounter. This pattern repeats over

the entire original distance, so

db = 5 L = 5 (8.6 km) = 43 km .

008 10.0 points

A car makes a 219 km trip at an average

speed of 35.4 km/h. A second car starting

1 h later arrives at their mutual destination

at the same time.

What was the average speed of the second

car for the period that it was in motion?

Correct answer: 42.2255 km/h.

Explanation:

Let :

d = 219 km ,

v = 35.4 km/h ,

t = 1 h .

Average velocity is v =

1

5

5

db = 2 L L = L = (8.6 km)

3

3

3

= 14.3333 km .

007 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

After this first encounter, the bird then turns

around and flies from the runner back to the

finish line, turns around again and flies back

to the runner. The bird repeats the back and

forth trips until the runner reaches the finish

line.

How far does the bird travel from the beginning (including the distance traveled to the

first encounter)?

Correct answer: 43 km.

Explanation:

The distance remaining for the runner after

2

the first encounter is L1 = L , and again the

3

t = t1 t2 =

and

d

.

t

d

d

v1 v2

d

d

=

t

v2

v1

v2

1

v1

=

d

d

v

t 1

v1

d v1

v2 =

d v1 t

(219 km)(35.4 km/h)

=

219 km (35.4 km/h)(1 h)

= 42.2255 km/h .

A car travels along a straight stretch of road.

It proceeds for 12.9 mi at 56 mi/h, then

27.4 mi at 47 mi/h, and finally 32.1 mi at

32.4 mi/h.

What is the cars average velocity during

the entire trip?

the tangent line at that point.

Explanation:

Let :

dA

vA

dB

vB

dC

vC

v=

= 12.9 mi ,

= 56 mi/h ,

= 27.4 mi ,

= 47 mi/h ,

= 32.1 mi , and

= 32.4 mi/h .

Find the instantaneous velocity at 2.5 s.

Correct answer: 2 m/s.

Explanation:

dA dB

dC

t =

+

+

vA

vB

vC

12.9 mi

27.4 mi

32.1 mi

=

+

+

56 mi/h 47 mi/h 32.4 mi/h

= 1.80408 h ,

v=

dA + dB + dC

d

=

t

t

12.9 mi + 27.4 mi + 32.1 mi

=

1.80408 h

= 40.1313 mi/h .

Explanation:

v=

The position versus time for a certain object

moving along the x-axis is shown. The objects initial position is 2 m.

position (m)

2 m (2 m)

= 0 m/s .

6s3s

Find the instantaneous velocity at 8 s.

6

b

b

b

0

4

2 m (4 m)

= 2 m/s .

3s2 s

Find the instantaneous velocity at 4.5 s.

v=

4 m (2 m)

= 3 m/s .

2s0s

Explanation:

4 5

time (s)

v=

0 m (2 m)

= 1 m/s .

9s7s

Correct answer: 3 m/s.

Explanation:

Consider the acceleration of an object starting from rest.

Acceleration (m/s2 )

5

4

Let :

3

2

1

0

1

and

vf = vi + a t

vf

vf vi

=

a=

t

t

76.8 mi/h

= 4.5056 m/s2 .

=

7.62 s

2

3

4

5

vi = 0

vf = 76.8 mi/h ,

t = 7.62 s .

2

3

4

5

Time (s)

Other than at t = 0, when is the velocity of

the object zero?

Find the distance that the car travels during

this time.

Correct answer: 130.808 m.

Explanation:

1. 5.0 s

2. At no other time on this graph correct

x = vi t +

1 2 1 2

at = at

2

2

1

(4.5056 m/s2 ) (7.62 s)

2

= 130.808 m .

3. 3.5 s

4. 4.0 s

5. During the interval from 1.0 s to 3.0 s

Explanation:

Z t

vt =

a dt is the area between the accel0

period from 0 to t. If the area is above the

horizontal axis, it is positive; otherwise, it is

negative. In order for the velocity to be zero

at any given time t, there would have to be

equal amounts of positive and negative area

between 0 and t. According to the graph, this

condition is never satisfied.

A car accelerates uniformly from rest to a

speed of 76.8 mi/h in 7.62 s.

Find the constant acceleration of the car.

Correct answer: 4.5056 m/s2 .

Explanation:

An electron, starting from rest and moving

with a constant acceleration, travels 3.6 cm in

10 ms.

What is the magnitude of this acceleration?

Correct answer: 0.72 km/s2 .

Explanation:

Let :

t = 10 ms = 0.01 s .

and

the distance is

1

d = a t2

2

2 (3.6 105 m) 1 km

2d

a= 2 =

t

(0.01 s)2

1000 m

= 0.72 km/s2 .

The distance is

018 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A plane cruising at 233 m/s accelerates at

1

15 m/s2 for 9.1 s.

x = x0 + v0 t + a t2

2

What is its final velocity?

2 (x x0 v0 t)

a=

t2

Correct answer: 369.5 m/s.

2 [7.78 cm 4.01 cm (16.5 cm/s) (2.62 s)]

Explanation:

=

(2.62 s)2

Let :

v = 233 m/s ,

a = 15 m/s2 ,

t = 9.1 s .

and

v = v0 + a t

= 233 m/s + (15 m/s2 ) (9.1 s)

= 369.5 m/s .

019 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

How far will it have traveled in that time?

Correct answer: 2741.38 m.

Two students are on a balcony 18.6 m above

the street. One student throws a ball vertically downward at 15.3 m/s. At the same

instant, the other student throws a ball vertically upward at the same speed. The second

ball just misses the balcony on the way down.

What is the magnitude of the velocity of

the first ball as it strikes the ground?

Correct answer: 24.4749 m/s.

Explanation:

sf = so + v0 t +

= vt+

= 16.0305 cm/s2 .

1 2

at

2

1 2

at

2

1

(15 m/s2 ) (9.1 s)2

2

= 2741.38 m .

020 10.0 points

A body moving with uniform acceleration has

a velocity of 16.5 cm/s when its x coordinate

is 4.01 cm.

If its x coordinate 2.62 s later is 7.78 cm,

what is the x-component of its acceleration?

Correct answer: 16.0305 cm/s2 .

Explanation:

Assume that the position of the balcony is

yi = 0 m; then the position of the ground is

yf = 18.6 m:

Let :

2

2

vf,1

= vi1

+ 2 a y

Explanation:

Let :

v0 = 16.5 cm/s ,

x = 7.78 cm ,

x0 = 4.01 cm , and

t = 2.62 s .

yf 1 = yf 2 = 18.6 m ,

vi1 = 15.3 m/s ,

vi2 = +15.3 m/s and

a = 9.81 m/s2 .

= (15.3 m/s)2

+ 2 9.81 m/s2 (18.6 m)

vf,1

= 599.022 m2 /s2

q

= 599.022 m2 /s2

= 24.4749 m/s .

Since its direction is downward, the velocity is 24.4749 m/s and its speed is k~v k =

24.4749 m/s .

022 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points

What is the magnitude of the velocity of the

second ball as it strikes the ground?

Correct answer: 24.4749 m/s.

Explanation:

For the second ball,

2

2

vf,2

= vi2

+ 2 a y

= (15.3 m/s)2

+ 2 9.81 m/s2 (18.6 m)

vf,2

= 599.022 m2 /s2

q

= 599.022 m2 /s2

= 24.4749 m/s .

Since its direction is downward, the velocity is 24.4749 m/s and its speed is k~v k =

24.4749 m/s .

023 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points

What is the difference in the time the balls

spend in the air?

Correct answer: 3.11927 s.

Explanation:

For the first ball,

vf 1 vi1

v1

=

t1

t1

vf 1 vi1

t1 =

a

(24.4749 m/s) (15.3 m/s)

=

9.81 m/s2

= 0.935263 s .

a=

vf 2 vi2

v2

=

t2

t2

vf 2 vi2

t2 =

a

(24.4749 m/s) (15.3 m/s)

=

(9.81 m/s2 )

= 4.05453 s .

a=

t = t2 t1

= 4.05453 s (0.935263 s)

= 24.4749 m/s .

How far apart are the balls 0.525 s after they

are thrown?

Correct answer: 16.065 m.

Explanation:

For each of the balls,

Let :

t = 0.525 s .

1

a (t)2

2

= (15.3 m/s) (0.525 s)

1

9.81 m/s2 (0.525 s)2

+

2

= 9.38444 m ,

y1 = vi,1 t +

For the second ball,

1

y2 = vi,2 t + a(t)2

2

= (15.3 m/s) (0.525 s)

1

+

9.81 m/s2 (0.525 s)2

2

= 6.68056 m .

The distance between the balls is

y2 y1 = 6.68056 m (9.38444 m)

= 16.065 m .

At a certain instant of time, a toy car is

traveling at a constant speed of v0 to the

right, while a distance D ahead is another toy

car starting from rest and traveling to the left

with constant acceleration a. The cars are

moving along the same line, directly toward

each other.

At what time do they collide, in terms of

D, v0 and a?

1.

v0

a

2D

3.

a

1 2 D v0

4.

+

2

a

a

r

v0 2 2 D v0

5.

correct

+

a

a

a

r

2 D v0 2 v0

6.

a

a

a

r

v0 2 2 D v0

7.

a

a

a

r

v0 2 2 D v0

+

+

8.

a

a

a

Explanation:

The first toy car starts at a position x = 0

and moves to the right at a constant speed v0 ,

so its position is given by x1 = v0 t. Meanwhile, the second toy car starts at a distance

D ahead of the first and accelerates to the left

with an acceleration a, so its position is given

1

by x2 = D a t2 .

2

The two cars collide when

x1 = x2

1 2

at

2

0 = a t2 + 2 v0 t 2 D

q

2 v0 4 v02 + 8 D a

t=

q 2a

v0 v02 + 2 D a

=

ra

v0

v0 2 2 D

=

+

+

a

a

a

t > 0 when the two cars collide, so the

negative root must be rejected.

v0 t = D

The acceleration due to gravity on planet X is

one fifth that on the surface of the earth.

If it takes 4.3 s for an object to fall a certain

distance from rest on earth, how long would

it take to fall the same distance on planet X?

Correct answer: 9.61509 s.

Explanation:

Let :

te = 4.3 s .

uniform near the surface of both planets, the

distance an object falls in a time t is given by

xf all =

gplanet t2

.

2

planets, then

ge t2e

2

gx t2x

2

1

ge t2x

5

=

2

1 2

t

5 x

tx = 5 te = 5 (4.3 s) = 9.61509 s .

t2e =

Judy, by chance, spots a potted plant falling

outside the window at 1.76 m/s . Further

down the same building, Judys boyfriend

clocks the pot at 68 m/s .

How far apart are the friends? The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .

Correct answer: 235.76 m.

Explanation:

All the motion is down, so we can consider

down to be positive.

Let :

v0 = 1.76 m/s ,

vf = 68 m/s , and

g = 9.8 m/s2 .

vf2 = v02 + 2 g y

y=

vf2 v02

2g

(68 m/s)2 (1.76 m/s)2

=

2 (9.8 m/s2 )

= 235.76 m .

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