15 views

Uploaded by Ryan Anthony Umali

momentary LL fault calculation

- Modie Load User Manual v6-Nlamp-20141210
- 27847840 Distance Protection Utility Main Protection for Transmision Lines
- Aa 02 Short-circuit Iec Standard
- TP6297 AppDistanceRelay GEA 20070912
- Electrical Network Splitting Configuration
- ETR_129
- ELEC9713-11 Lec05 Fault Calculation Method_Industrial & Commercial Power System
- NetSim
- A Resistance Sign-based Method For
- E86060-K1002-A121-A4-7600
- Doosan Trauble Shooting
- Transmission Line Protections 1
- MUJ PSA Assignment-I Power System Analysis (EEE1505)
- LINEPROTECTION 1600CT RATI
- Becker Varis Presentation Rev 1 4 21 15
- SEBA KMT EasyflexCom
- 3 Winding Transformers
- 08 autoreclosing
- No.181 Directional Protection Equipment
- Disturbance Analysis and Protection Performance

You are on page 1of 9

A line to line fault occur when two of the three phase

conductors touches each other as illustrated on figure 4.19. For

Analytical convenience, phase B and phase C is traditionally

chosen as the faulted lines. The magnitude of the fault current I FAULT

(in per unit) is calculated as

Ia 0; Ib Ic IFAULT

Ia0

1 1

I 1 1 a

a1 3

Ia2

1 a2

1 Ia

a2 Ib

a Ic

Ia0

1 1

I 1 1 a

a1 3

Ia2

1 a2

1 0

a2 Ib

a Ib

Ia0 0

Ia1

1

1

aIb a2Ib (a a2 )Ib

3

3

Ia2

1 2

1

a Ib aIb (a2 a)Ib

3

3

Ia1 Ia2

Ph-A

Ph-B

Ph-C

IFAULT

ZFAULT=0

(bolted Fault)

The derived relation between symmetrical component of

currents shows that Ia1=-Ia2 and Ia0=0. This means that one can

construct an equivalent sequence network where the positive and

Chapter 4-Short Circuit Calculation

Page 215

shown in figure 4.20. Using this network, the positive sequence

current can be calculated in terms of the sequence impedance

values.

Z1

Ia1

Va1

Ia2

Z2

Va2

VF

Line to Line Fault.

Ia1 Ia2

VF

Z1 Z2

Equation 4.7

Phase values of the fault current I b and Ic can be derived using the

matrix equation for sequence and phase domain currents.

Ia 1 1

I 1 a2

b

Ic 1 a

1 Ia0

a Ia1

a2 Ia2

Ia 0

IFAULT Ib (a2Ia1 aIa2 )

Since Ia1=-Ia2, above equation can be simplified as

Equation 4.8

Ic IFAULT j 3 Ia1

Equation 4.9

Page 216

For Bus 1 (Fault Point F1)

The fault point impedance derived from 3-phase fault

calculation at F1 is the positive sequence impedance for fault point

with the driving voltage equal to 1 pu as shown in figure 4.21.

0.0007394

+j0.0179826

Ia1

1pu

Reference

Figure 4.21 Momentary Positive Sequence Impedance for

Fault point 1

Consequentially, the negative sequence network is equal to

the positive sequence network impedance as shown in figure 4.22.

0.0007394

+j0.0179826

Ia2

Reference

Fault point 1

Page 217

relation on equation 4.5 where Ia1=-Ia2

networks are connected in parallel.

Ia1

0.0007394

0.0007394

+j0.0179826

+j0.0179826

1 pu

Ia2

Using equation 4.7, the value of the positive and negative

sequence impedance is calculated below.

Ia1 Ia2

VF

ZTH,MOM,1 ZTH,MOM,2

1

0.0007394 j0.0179826 0.0007394 j0.0179826

1

Ia1

0.001478 j0.035965

Ia1

Ia2 Ia1 -1.141368 j27.757621 pu

Using equation 4.8 and 4.9 to calculate the line b and c fault current

Ib -48.077611 - j1.976908 pu

Ib=48.118/-117.640 pu

Page 218

Actual value

Ib=48.118/-117.640 x IBASE 13.8kV

Ib=48.118/-117.640 x 418.369 A

IMOM,SYM,RMS,LL = Ib= 20,131.179/-117.640 A

-2

X/R

values, Using separated X and R reduction, X/R ratio is calculated as

For X/R ratio

XsepPositive XsepNegative

X /R

R sepPositive R sepNegative

X /R

0.017952 0.017952

28.612

0.0006274 0.0006274

IMOM,ASYM,RMS,LL 20,131.179 x 1

-2

28.612

2e

IMOM,ASYM,RMS,LL 32,496.039 A

IMOM,ASYM,PEAK IMOM,SYM,RMS x

-2

2 1 e X/R

X / R

3

0.49 0.1e

Page 219

0.49 0.1e

28.612

3 0.489

IMOM,ASYM,PEAK,LL 20,131.179 x

-2x0.498x

2 1 e 28.612

IMOM,ASYM,PEAK,LL 54,035.28 A

j 3 Ia1Z1LOAD

IbSYSTEM

xIBASE

Z1SYSTEM Z1LOAD

j 3 Ia1Z1SYSTEM

IbLOAD

xIBASE

Z1SYSTEM Z1LOAD

Referring to the network simplification at figure 4.3 for Momentary

Positive Impedance we get

Z1SYSTEM = Z2SYSTEM = 0.000639 + j0.019257 pu

Z1LOAD = Z2LOAD = 0.0413215 + j0.268116 pu

IbSYSTEM

x418.369

0.000639 + j0.019257 0.0413 + j0.268

IbSYSTEM 18,804.53 A

IbLOAD

x418.369

0.000639

+

j0.019257

0.0413

+

j0.268

IbSYSTEM 1,335.58 A

Page 220

The

table

below

shows

the

summary

of

results

by

performing the same calculation procedure as the above for the rest

of the major buses (F2, F3 , F4 , F5, F6 and F7) using the Microsoft

Excel

developed

by

the

author.

Table

4.14

Summarize

the

Peak asymmetrical currents for the main buses. Table 4.15

summarize the current contributions from the Load and the System

for each of the main buses.

Fault

Point

F1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F6

F7

Fault

Location

13.8kV

Power Plant

Bus

Primary

terminals

of TRM1

6.9kV

switchgear

(bus)

Primary

terminals

TRL3A

Primary

terminals

TRL3B

MCC8 Bus

MCC9 Bus

IMOM,ASYM,PEAK

IMOM,SYM,RMS (A)

IMOM,ASYM,RMS (A)

(A)

20,131.18

32,496.04

54,035.28

19,997.96

32,136.27

53,496.39

17,429.88

28,077.86

46,712.34

16,988.50

25,725.57

43,435.03

16,944.14

25,495.73

43,110.05

39,840.27

40,708.76

52,989.77

53,926.06

91,995.05

93,692.10

Page 221

Contributions for Main Buses

I SYSTEM

I LOAD

Contribution Contribution

Fault

Point

Fault Location

F1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F6

F7

Primary terminals of TRM1

6.9kV switchgear (bus)

Primary terminals TRL3A

Primary terminals TRL3B

MCC8 Bus

MCC9 Bus

18,804.53

18,670.26

14,442.17

16,849.95

16,749.94

37,708.95

37,673.14

1,335.58

1,336.28

3,011.31

150.01

207.82

2,259.76

3,191.08

For MV Loads

The Line to line fault for MV and LV loads are calculated

using the positive and negative sequence impedance derived from

momentary three-phase and single line to ground fault calculation.

Repeating the same procedure used for calculating the momentary

line to line fault for the main buses using Microsoft excel, the

calculation results is summarized in table 4.16 ad 4.17.

Table 4.16 Calculation Results for Momentary Line to Line

Fault for MV Loads

Fault

Point

PEKM5806

PEYM7601

PEKM8639

PEKM8601

PC001

Ia1 (pu)

Mom, Sym, RMS

Ib (pu)

Mom, Sym, RMS

2.141856-j9.877875

-17.108982-j3.709803

Ib (A)

Mom, Sym,

RMS

14,648.4280

1.843597-j9.943964

-17.223451-j3.193204

14,657.1222

1.820142-j10.480192

-18.152226-j3.152579

15,416.0407

2.395899-j9.291376

-16.093135-j4.149820

13,906.2400

0.860868-j11.790259

-20.421328-j1.491067

17,132.809

Page 222

Fault for LV Loads

Fault

Point

(F13)

GM1412

(F14)

GM1413

(F15)

KM5814

(F16)

GM8103

A

(F17)

GM8103

S

(F18)

MNDB

(F19)

EMBD

(F20)

YM7607

(F21)

SM8645

(F22)

GM7612

(F23)

7601M1

(F24)

KM8607

Ia1 (pu)

Mom, Sym, RMS

Ib (pu)

Mom, Sym, RMS

0.085628j0.034175

0.085628j0.034175

0.167318j0.140587

0.093832j0.045496

-0.059194j0.148313

-0.059194j0.148313

-0.243504j0.289804

-0.078802j0.162522

0.093832j0.045496

-0.078802j0.162522

0.516685j1.002566

0.516685j1.002566

0.651537j0.724739

0.260886j0.309178

0.139779j0.146292

0.095726j0.049784

0.075286-j0.02265

-1.736496j0.894925

-1.736496j0.894925

-1.255285j1.128496

-0.535513j0.451867

-0.253385j0.242105

-0.08623-j0.165802

-0.039232-j0.1304

Ib (A)

Mom, Sym,

RMS

1,920.77

1,920.77

4,552.95

2,172.51

2,172.51

23,497.42

23,497.42

20,303.14

8,427.93

4,215.33

2,247.88

1,637.93

Page 223

- Modie Load User Manual v6-Nlamp-20141210Uploaded byWarwick Audet
- 27847840 Distance Protection Utility Main Protection for Transmision LinesUploaded bybogdy00733054
- Aa 02 Short-circuit Iec StandardUploaded bySupriyanto Suhono
- TP6297 AppDistanceRelay GEA 20070912Uploaded byfreddyrivera
- Electrical Network Splitting ConfigurationUploaded byVankurd
- ETR_129Uploaded byAnonymous NGXdt2Bx
- ELEC9713-11 Lec05 Fault Calculation Method_Industrial & Commercial Power SystemUploaded byknsb
- NetSimUploaded byZoki
- A Resistance Sign-based Method ForUploaded byFABIANCHO2210
- E86060-K1002-A121-A4-7600Uploaded byUsuario32
- Doosan Trauble ShootingUploaded byjacklyn ade putra
- Transmission Line Protections 1Uploaded byY V JOSHI
- MUJ PSA Assignment-I Power System Analysis (EEE1505)Uploaded byDenish Gupta
- LINEPROTECTION 1600CT RATIUploaded byAnonymous W9VINoTza
- Becker Varis Presentation Rev 1 4 21 15Uploaded byJose Rojas
- SEBA KMT EasyflexComUploaded byBiljanaKovacevic
- 3 Winding TransformersUploaded byAmitabha
- 08 autoreclosingUploaded byanurag101
- No.181 Directional Protection EquipmentUploaded byfzrmc
- Disturbance Analysis and Protection PerformanceUploaded byEleazar Sierra Espinoza
- 18-05 Power System Analysis (EL)Uploaded bykeerthanavijaya
- Methodology of Statistical Analysis of OscillogramsUploaded byEleazar Sierra Espinoza
- B0772C8Dd01Uploaded byItalo Chiarella
- vksusdu_7.pdfUploaded bykarthik
- 0000 p - Optimal Voltage Sag Monitor LocationsUploaded bymjimenezg
- Ref615 Broch 756381 LrenkUploaded byJosue Ramos García
- Efficiency of That Relay Coordion Analysis Engineering Essay 8Uploaded byGary Goh
- Rfd LeafletUploaded byepicF41L
- 01ArcFlash.pdfUploaded byCarlos Lino Rojas Agüero
- easypacT.pdfUploaded byKiran Karthik

- 17-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-MOM SLGUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- Board Presentation-power System Analysis of 52mva SubstationUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 33-Chapter 8-Fire Pump EvaluationUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 33-Chapter 8-Fire Pump.pdfUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 8-Chapter 2.1 to 2.5 Power System ModelUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 29-Chapter 5 Protection Coordination-Objectives and Methodology Part 2Uploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 28A-LV Settings MCC8Uploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 33-Chapter 8-Conclusion and RecommendationUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- TER-Ryan Anthony K. UmaliUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- PEC REVIEWERUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 22-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-InT LLUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 16-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-MOM 3phaseUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 15-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis-Objectives and MethodologyUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 12-Chapter 3 3.1-3.2 Load Flow AnalysisUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 13-Chapter 3.3.1 Load Flow Analysis Case 1Uploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- Protective Relaying- Series 1 IntroductionUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 30 Chapter 5 Cable EvaluationUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 32 Chapter 7 Arc Flash AnalysisUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 19-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-MOM DLGUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 22-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-InT LLUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 21-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-InT SLGUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 20-Chapter 4 Short Circuit Analysis Working-InT 3phaseUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 29-Chapter 5 Protection Coordination-Objectives and Methodology Part 2Uploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 30 Chapter 5 Cable EvaluationUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- Power System Analysis of 52MVA Substation for PE Expansion at JG Summit Petrochemical Corporation at Batangas CityUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali
- 32 Chapter 7 Arc Flash AnalysisUploaded byRyan Anthony Umali

- Contingency AlysisUploaded byVitthal Patnecha
- N LMS Impedance BridgeUploaded byCazzKazik
- A Report on Fault Analysis of Power Distribution SystemsUploaded byKalyan Ranjan
- Flicker Transfer RadialUploaded byJjjjpf
- How Cables and Connectors Impact Measurement UncertaintyUploaded byMorosanu Andreea-Diana
- Voltage stability reviewsUploaded bymkashkooli_scribd
- Busbar Protn NotesUploaded byNeelakandan Masilamani
- Capacitor DigsilentUploaded byAnonymous SXkhNw2wE
- TC Mobile DatasheetUploaded byAngel Angel
- 2N 4401 -BC337a datasheetUploaded byAnonymous vKD3FG6Rk
- A Network AnalyzerUploaded byDerong Yuan
- PX-2, earthing rev.1.xlsUploaded bySaraswatapalit
- Busbar Protection ABMUploaded byNoli Oteba
- IEEE Hybrid GroundingUploaded byAlfredo Castillo Barett
- 49erUploaded byAlexander Paul Mus
- (Bill) Comparison of low frequency resistance and lightning impulse impedance on transmission towers.pdfUploaded byalexanderlima
- Principles and Characteristics of Distance ProtectionUploaded byFrancisco Martinez
- IEEE Flash Wiliam ChisholmUploaded byandreroger
- Application of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy for Monitoring Stress Corrosion CrackingUploaded bySunil Kumar
- Surplus Radio Conversion Manual Vol2Uploaded byygiannarakis
- LECTURE_NOTES_COURSE_POWER_SYSTEMS-II.pdfUploaded byAkah Precious
- 1. Electrical MMUP.docxUploaded byAbdul Rahman A R
- C.A 6115Uploaded byIni Atn
- IIT Lectures PSPUploaded byRizwan Haniff
- FBD theory on PQUploaded byShazmania
- Interrupting Capacity vs Interrupting RatingUploaded byArnel Pascual Laquindanum
- Electrical QuestionnaireUploaded bySneha Mittal
- 03 - Load FlowUploaded byVijay Mohan
- SLDG - Book 1Uploaded byISHMAELFARAI
- Experiment 1_Transmission LinesUploaded byengreduardo