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# KGR Kilbreda College

## Year 10 Science 2010

Name:_______________________

## Electrical Practical Test

1. Set one multimeter as an ammeter.
2. Set the other multimeter as a voltmeter.
3. Construct a series circuit using two globes.
4. What do you predict the voltage will be over each globe in your series circuit?
5. Prove it using the multimeter.
6. What do you predict the current will do in your circuit?
7. Now construct a parallel circuit.
8. What do you predict the voltage will be over each globe in your parallel circuit?
9. Prove it using the multimeter.
10.What do you predict the current will do in your circuit?
11.Tell me how you would measure current in this circuit using the multimeter.

/11 =

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## Year 10 Science 2010

Question 1.
(10 marks)
Complete the following sentences using the key terms in the box below.
An __________ ___________ is a closed path that contains a source of electrical energy
connected to one or more load components.
When there is a complete connection, electrons will move around the circuit. This flow of
electrons is called an electric __________________.
Voltage is measured using a ________________ , in units called ______________ .
When current flows through a circuit, electrical energy is changed to other forms of energy.
Current can be measured using an __________________ and in units called ________________.
__________________ is a measure of how difficult it is for current to flow. This is measured
in units called ____________________.
In a ______________
___________ there is only one path for the current to flow along.
In a _____________ _
___________ the current flows along two or more branches of a circuit.
amps
volts

voltmeter

current
circuit

ohms
ammeter

series circuit

parallel circuit

resistance

electrical

Question 2.

In the diagram above, A, B and C are identical globes. Is the current flowing through globe A the
same as the current flowing through globe B?
(1 mark)

mark)

(1

(2 marks)

Question 3.

(3 marks)
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Are the globes in the following circuit diagrams connected in series or in parallel?

.
____________

____________

____________

Question 4.

(3 marks)

Heidi wants to test whether Everexcellent Batteries last as long as Supersensational Batteries.
She buys one 12 V battery of each brand and connects each one into a circuit with six globes.
She connects the Everexcellent Battery in series with six globes and the Supersensational
Battery in parallel with six globes. She switches them on at the same time and times how long it
is before the globes stop glowing in both circuits. Is this a fair comparison? Why or why not?

Question 5.
Nishika sets up the circuit below, using a 12 V power source and three identical globes. She
measures the current at A to be 5 mA (milliamps).
(a) Predict what you think the current reading would be at B and C.
(2
marks)
(b) Knowing that Nishika used a 12 V power supply, estimate how much voltage would be
used across each globe.
(2 marks)
(c) If you actually measured this, you may find a different result. How could you explain this?
(2 marks)
12 V power
supply

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## Year 10 Science 2010

Question 6.
(3 marks)
Draw the circuit symbols for the following
components:

an ammeter

a switch

## a variable power supply

Question 7.

(4 marks)

Hannah is standing on the first floor balcony outside the Science Rooms at Kilbreda overlooking
the Atrium. She drops a basketball over the balcony and watches its motion. The basketball hits
an empty table in the Atrium and then bounces off onto the floor where it makes a few more
bounces, then rolls slowly to a stop. Describe the energy transformations involved.

Question 8.

(3 marks)

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Question 9.

(2 marks)

In our study of energy this term we have discussed useful and useless energy. What do these two
terms mean?

Question 10.

(10 marks)

Give explanations of the following, (using a diagram and / or giving examples may make this
easier):
a) Greenhouse Effect

b) Greenhouse gases

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## Year 10 Science 2010

d) Biofuel

e) Renewable energy

Question 11.

(8 marks)

## Choose a renewable energy resource.

a) Explain why this resource is called renewable, contrasting it for example with traditional
fossil fuels.

b) Describe, using diagrams as needed the science behind how this source works to produce
useable energy.

c) Discuss whether this energy source could be a major contributor to Australias energy
needs.

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d) Explain whether or not you are an enthusiastic advocate of this energy source and why.

Question 12.

(10 marks)

Below is a news release from the Australian Government in September 2009 as reported by the
Live In Australia website :

Australia is in the middle of a population boom that promises to fuel economic growth for years to come.
Figures this week showed population growth topped 2 percent in the year to March, the fastest pace on
record and the highest of any advanced economy. Up to 60 percent more Australians are predicted in the
next forty years, in sharp contrast to countries like Japan and Germany where populations are shrinking.
While Europe and Japan are stagnating, Australia is moving ahead, said James Craig, chief economist at
CommSec. More people translates to increased spending and demand for homes, and as a result, increased
momentum for our economy.
The Australian government now estimates Australias population will jump to 35 million by 2049 from the
current 21.9 million and compared with a previous forecast of 28 million.
This release predicts substantial growth in Australias population and economy. Linked to the
areas we have been studying in this unit of work, what other considerations should be taken into
account with such a significant population increase as this predicted? Write a response in
approximately 200 words.

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