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1000

ROS

Editorial

TOPIC/FUNCTION

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARV

READING/WRITING

Introduction page 6

Greetings
Greetings
lntroductions

Numbers 0-19
To be

Personal information

Countries and
nationalities

Possessive adjectives
Personal information
A/An

Talking about jobs


Plural nouns
Talking about your
room

The classroom

Reading an advertisement
for a language school
Writing answers

Jobs
Numbers 20-100
Days of the week

This I That / These I


Those

Reading advertisements
for jobs
Completing sentences

Have got

Talking about family


Describing people

Countable/
Uncountable

The family

Reading an e-mail

Colours

Sorne/ Any

Parts of the body

Writing a description
of yourself

Reading descriptions of
famous people

Saxon genitive

Word order
Describing people
and things

There is I There are

Adjectives

Howmuch/
Howmany

Pets

Talking about
accommodation

Present Simple:
affirmative

Expressing
preferences

Like + noun
Lke + verb + ing

Rooms of the
house
Furniture
Ordinal numbers
1st-12th

Writing a description of
a famous person

Reading advertisements
for houses
Writing a description of
your house

TOPIC/FUNCTION

Talking about routines


Making suggestions

Talking about ability


and possibility

Talking about current


activities and actions

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARV

Adverbs of frequency

The time

Present Simple:
negative, questions

Daily routines

Can
Prepositions of time

Present Continuous

READING/WRITING

Reading about
someone's day

Mea Is

Writing a description
of your day

Verbs

Reading about a london


department store

Months of the year


Places in the city

Writing about the things


you do and places you go

Verbs

Reading about a
popular sport

Adjectives

Writing a description of
things people are doing

Language Practice

page 72

Grammar Appendix

page 88

Glossary

page 99

Useful Words and Expressions

(numbers, the time, days of the week, months)

page 104

ALBERTO
21 years old
from Span

JAN ET
35 years old

STUDENT

trorn England
TEAC\-\ER

CHENG
40 years old
frorn Hong Kong
STUDENT

ANGELA
-

23 years old
trom ltaly

CARMEN
25 years old

STUDENT

from Mexico
STUDENT

HE LEN
18 years old
from Greece

30 ~ears old

trom Japan

- 5

--:.-:- JNTRODUCTION
----

Instrucciones
1 Mira en tu libro y busca un ejemplo de cada tipo de ejercicio.
Anota el nmero de la pgina y el del ejercicio.

1. Listen, read and repeat.


(Escucha, lee y repite.)

Page
(Pgina)

Exercise
(Ejercicio)

2. Listen and complete the dialogue.


(Escucha y completa el dilogo.)

3. Listen again and check your answers.


(Escucha de nuevo y comprueba las respuestas.)
4. Practise with other students.
(Practica con otros compaeros/as.)
1

5. Write the answer.


(Escribe la respuesta.)

1
1
'

6. Read the grammar box.


(Lee el cuadro de gramtica.)
7. Complete the sentences.
(Completa las oraciones.)
8. Answer the questions.
(Responde a las preguntas.)
9. Put the words in the correct arder.
(Pon las palabras en el orden correcto.)
10. In pairs, read and act out the dialogue.
(En parejas, leed y practicad el dilogo.)

6 six

INTRODUCTION

Ingls cotidiano
2 Muchas palabras son iguales o parecidas en castellano y en ingls. Pon la palabra adecuada debajo de
cada foto.

telephone

a~e

menu

hamburger

..... -----

bus

passport

hotel

taxi

- .=::1~
3 . -" -.

..

-. -~--~ i ~~..:_
..,,,,...

<;

.:

1........<?1.1!1.~.l:J.1.".'l.~.C::~ .......

2 ...................... ......... .

3 .............................. ..

4 ............................... .

S........ .. .............. ...... ..

6 ............................... .

7 .......... .......... ...... .... ..

8 ............................ ... .

El abecedario
3 Escucha, lee y repite.
a

/er/

/ bi:/

/ si:/

n
o
/en/ /';N/

4A

p
/ pi:/

d
/ di:/
q
/ kju:/

/ i:/

f
/ ef/

g
/ d3i:/

/ a:/

/es/

/ ti:/

h
/ ertf/
u
/ ju:/

i
/ a1/
V

/ vi:/

k
J
/ d3e1:/ / ke1/

/ 'dAblju:/ / eks/

m
/ el/

/ em/

y
/ wa1/

/ zed/

Escucha y lee.
1.

What's this in English?

2.

It's a passport.

3.

Can you spell it, please?

4.

Yes! P-A-S-S-P-0-R-T.

B Deletrea las palabras del Ejercicio 2 a un compaero/a.


seven 7

What's your name?


1 Listen, read and repeat.
Hello. Welcorne to the

Listen, read and repeat the greetings.


1.

Helio./ Hi.

2.

Good rnorning.

3A

3.

Good afternoon.

4.

Good evening.

Listen and complete the dialogues.


JANET: 1 .. ... .. .. . t).({!l9. ... .. ....

. My name's Janet. What's your name?

ALBERTO: My name's Alberto .


JANET: Good morning. M y 2 .. .. ... . .... . ...... . ....... Janet. What's your name?
HELEN: l'm Helen.
JANET: Good afternoon. 3 .. .. .. .. ... ...... .. ... ..... name's Janet.

W hat 's 4 .. ... ... ...... .. ..... ...... name?


CHENG: My name's Cheng.
JANET: Good even ing. l'm Janet. W hat's s... ............ ............. .. ............ ?
CARMEN: 6 ....... .... ........ ... .. .. . Carmen.

B Listen again and check your answers.

4 Practise with another student.


8 e ight

STUDENT 1:

What's your name?

STUDENT 2:

My name's / l'm .... .. ......... .. ..... ..... .

WORDS NUMBERS 0-19


-- ~:~-

5A

Listen, read and repeat.

noug ht /oh

4 fou r

8 eight

12

twelve

16 sixteen

1 one

5 five

9 nin e

13

th irteen

17 seventeen

2 tw o

6 six

10 ten

14

fourteen

18 eighteen

3 three

7 seven

11

15

fifteen

19 ni net een

eleven

B Listen and write the numbers you hear.

a. .f?..

6A

b. ....

c. ....

d . ....

e... ..

f . ....

g .....

h. ....

j . ....

l. . .. .

k.....

l. ....

Write the answers in words.


1. six + three = .... ~.i.n.e:: ............. .

= ....................... .
eleven+ two = ........................

5. eighteen - six = ....................... .

= ........................
fou rteen + five = ...................... ..

2. seven + one

6. ten - eight

3.

7.

4. fo ur - fou r = .............. .... ... .. .

8. nineteen - th irteen

= ....................... .

B Listen and check you r answers.

What's your ... ?


7A

Listen and read.

8A

Listen, read and repeat.

SECRETARY:

Good morning.
What's your name, please?

ALBERTO:

Good morn ing.


My name's Alberto Romero.

SECRETARY:
ALBERTO:

What's your phone number, A lberto?


lt's 020 839 2 8 56 1.

SECRETARY: Thank you.

fl

What's your telephone


number, Cheng?

B Listen and complete the


information below.

.rl~CHELSEA
~.... SCHOOL OF ENGLISH
REGISTRATION FORM
NAME: 1 ...... .. . . ... .. ... ... . . ........ ... . . . .. ... . . . . ..

B.a. ~e.r :::::: ::::: ... .

ADDR ESS : 2 ..... .. :::: ::::::..

London
TE LE PH ON E NUMBER: 3 . . ..

.9?-.9. ................

C Listen again and check your answers.


B Practise with another student.
nine 9

GRAMMAR

9A

Nice to meet you.

Read the grammar box.


TO BE

AFFIRMATIVE:

l am

l'm

you are

you 're

he is

he's

she is

she's

it is

it's

we are

we're

they are

they're

B Complete the sentences with am,


are or is.
1.

1 ..~.r:'.1

.. Cheng.

2. You ........ Helen .


3. He ...... .. Alberto.
4 . They ... ..... students.

5. 1........ fine, thanks.


6. We ... ... .. students.
7. Ca rmen ........ a student.

8. lt ........ t he school.

Write the sentences with


contractions.
1. 1 am A lberto .

.l'.~.~.1.~.~~.~. .......... ...... ... ... .........


2. She is at school.

3. lt is 020 8392 856 1.

4. You are Helen.

5. They are students.

10

ten

10

Listen, read and repeat.

unit

11

A Listen and complete the dialogues.


CHENG:
JANET:

1.. .........f:-1! ........ ..

l'm

, Janet. How are you?

2 ......... .. .. ..... . ..... ,

GRAMMAR

13

A Read the grammar box.

t hanks, Cheng.
TO BE

And you?
CHENG:

l'm fi ne, thanks .


NEGATIVE:

1am not

l'm not

he

he

she

is not

it

it

yo u

you

we

are not

they
HELEN:

ANGELA:

're not I aren't

they

s.. .. .................... ' Angela .

B Write the sentences in the negative. Use the


full form.

6 ...... ............. . .... ' Ken . 7 ...... .. .. .. .... . ...... .

1. lt is a pencil.

to meet you .

.!t:. i.S. .r19.t: .~. p~r]~i.I: ........... "" .. " ... " ....... " ...

........................ are you from, Ken?


KEN:

we

's not I sn't

Ken, 3 ...... ........ .......... is 4 .... ......... .. ...... .. .


friend, Angela.

KEN:

she

2. Janet is ltalian.

l'm 9 ........................ Japan.

3. We are from ltaly.

4.

am Mark.

5. You are a student.

6. Angela and Ken are from Greece.

B Listen again and check your answers.

12

Practise with other students.


1. STUDENT 1: Helio, .... ........... .. ..... . How are you?
STUDENT 2:

STUDENT 1:

2. STUDENT 1:

Write the sentences in B. Use contractions.

1 . !~'.s.. n.<?.~..~.. P.~.~.c.i .l:/}t. i?~'.t.

.a..pe.~.~.i.1: ..... .. ..

Fine, thanks, .......... .. .......... .

2 . ........... .. ........ ..... ........ .... ........... ....... ... ......

And you?

3 ............... ..... ..... .. .... ............. ...... " " ........ .. ..

Fine, thanks .

4 . .. ....... ...... ...... ..... ."" ....... .................... " ... ..

.. .......... ...... .. .. 'this is .... ...... ............ .

5 . .. ............... .. ............ ..... ....... ...... ........ .. ... .. .

STUDENT 2:

Helio, .................. .... .

6 ... ..... ........ .. .......... .... .... ... .. ... ........ .... ... ...... .

STUDENT 3:

Helio, ..... ................ . .


Nice to meet you.

STUDENT 2:

Where are you from 7

STUDENT 3:

l'm from ... ... ........ .... .... .


eleven 11

14

A Read the grammar box.

B Put the words in the correct order.


1. he / Is I a I student I ?

Is he a st udent'?
QUESTIONS:

2. you / from /Are / Greece /?

1 am

Am i .. ?

he

Is he ... ?

she

is

3. Alberto/ your I name I Is/?

Is she ... ?

it

Is it ... ?

you

Are you ... ?

we
they

are

..

4 . you / Are I a I teacher / ?

Are we ... ?
Are they .. . ?

5. t hey /Are I Japanese I ?

""

Yes, he is. I No, she's not.

6. Carmen/ China/ from I Is I?

WORDS THE CLASSROOM

15

A Listen, read and repeat.

chair

dictionary

pencil

desk

notebook

pen

board

B Write the correct word using the pictures below.

... .......~C?C?.~ ......... .

5. lt 's a ......... ................ . .

2. lt's a ... .. .. ........ ........... .

6. lt's a .......................... .

3. lt's a .. ...... .. .......... ..... . .

7. lt's a ................. ... ... ... .

a ........ .. ...... .......... .

8. lt's a .. ............... .. .. .. .. . .

1. lt's a

-----

4. lt's

C Listen and check your answers.

16

A Listen and read.


What's this?

It's a book.

B Work with a partner. Ask questions using the words from 14 A.

12 twelve

unitl

WORDS COUNTRIES ANO NATIONALITIES

17

A Match the nationalities to the pictures. One nationality hasn't gota match. Circle it.
]apanese

Mexcan

Chinese

1. This is J. K. Rowling.

Ef!JFfSh

ltalan

4. This is Yao Ming.

Spanish

3. This is Luciano Pavarotti.

2. This is Antonio Banderas.

She's from Eng land.


She's ....... ~ng!l!?.h ......

Greek

He's from Spain.

He's from ltaly.

He's ......................... .

He's ......................... .

5. This is Gael Garca Bernal.

6. This is Shizuka Arakawa.

He's from China.

He's from Mexico.

She's from Japan .

He's ................ ... ...... .

He's ......................... .

She's .............. .. ......... .

B Listen and check your answers.

PRONUNCIATION

18

Listen and repeat.


1. 1 am English.

3. You are Greek.

5.

He is Ch inese.

2.

4. You're Greek.

6.

He's Chinese.

l'm English.

READING

19

A Read this advertisement.


B Answer the questions about the advertisement.
1. What's t he name of the school?
lt's t he ..................... ...... ............................... .

For information
and registration contad
Martn Dixon {Director)
Telephone: 020 7429 8430

~CHELSEA

.:"'f'
31

SCHOOL OF ENGLISH

t'an< Road, London, s:nglana

2. What's the name of the director?


His ................. ........ ........ ... ... ...... ..... .............
3. What's the telephone number of the school?
lt's .. ....... ...... ........ ........ ... ........... ...............
4. What's the address of the school?
lt's ... .......... ....................................... .............
LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 72-73

thirteen

13

WORD LIST
board

eleven

ltalian

nought /oh

Spanish

book

England

cha ir

English

ltaly

one

ten

Ja pan

pen

thirteen

China

fifteen

Japanese

pencil

three

Chinese

five

Mexican

seven

twelve

desk

four

Mexico

seventeen

two

dictionary

fourteen

ni ne

six

eight

Greece

nineteen

sixteen

eighteen

Greek

notebook

Spain

VOCABULARY

3 Put the words in the correct order.

1 Look at the word list above and do the

1. you / Are / student / a / ?

A'.l'. .Y.?~..a. .?.~~.0.~.~.~?. .............................................

following exercises.
1. List three things students take to school
in their schoolbags.
book

2. Carmen I Japanese I Is I ?

3. students I A re I they I ?

2. Complete with the correct numbers.

4. Alberto/ Mexico / from /Is/?

two, 1......... ...fP~r. ......... , six,


2 ......................... .. . , ten,

5. Chinese / Ken /Are/ and / Helen / ?

3. Complete the chart.


Country

Nationality

Chi na
Greek
Mexican
Eng land

LISTENING

4A

Listen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. Thank you .

b. l' m Carmen.

2. a. lt's 12 Harrington

b. lt's 020 84 89 923 1.

Gardens.

GRAMMAR

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. Cheng@I are Chi nese.
2 . My name am I is Janet.

3.

am not / isn't fou rteen.

4. The teacher isn't / aren't Greek.


5. My friends is / are st udents.
6 . We a m I a re at school.

14 fourteen

3 . a. lt's a book.

b . l' m fine, t hanks.

4. a. Yes, 1 am.

b . No, she isn't.

5. a. He's from M exico.

b . Good afternoon !

6. a. l'm a student.

b. Nice to meet you .

B Listen and check your answers.

unitl
1 Listen and read the dialogue.
SECRETARY: Good afternoon.

My name is Brenda .
What's your name?
KATE: My name's Kate .
SECRETARY: Nice to meet you.

Where are you from, Kate?


KATE: l'm from Greece.
SECRETARY: Are you from Athens?
KATE: Yes, 1am.
SECRETARY: What's your address in London?
KATE:

lt's 13 Pimlico Road .

SECRETARY: And what's your phone number,

Kate?
KATE: lt's 020 8419 8607 .
SECRETARY: Thank you.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour to make the dialogue true for you. Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students the following questions and write their answers.
What's your name?

What's your phone number?

Where are you from?

1.

2.
3.

DID YOU KNOW?

England is one of the four countries in the United Kingdom. The other three
count ries are: Northern lreland, Scotland and Wales . Look at the chart.
England

N. lreland

Scotland

Wales

Population

SO million

1.7 million

5 million

3 million

Capital city

London

Belfast

Edinburgh

Cardiff

Languages

English

English
lrish Gaelic

English
Scottish Gaelic

English
Welsh

fifteen

15

What's your job?


1 Listen, read and repeat.

WORDS JOBS

2A

Complete the sentences with the correct job.

policewoman
receptionist
doctor
~r
hairdresser
electrician
shop assistant
businessman

11
And your boyfriend?
What's his job? Is he
a receptionist, too?

No, he's not.


He's a businessman.

1. What's his job? He's a ... ....... ~~.i.~.t?!. ... .. .....

2. What's her job? She's a .... ..... ........... .. .... ..... .


3. What's his job? He's a .............. ................ . .
4. What's his job? He's a ........ .. ..................... .
And you r friend, Helen?
What's her job?

5. What's her job? She's a .... .. ..... ................ .... .


6. W hat's her job? She's a ............................... .
7. What's her job? She's a ............... ................ .
8. What's his job? He's an ................ ... ............ .

B Listen and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1:

What's your job?

STUDENT 2:

l'm a/ an .. .... .. ... .. ............. .... . .

GRAMMAR

WORDS NUMBERS 20-100

4A

6 Listen, read and repeat.

Read the grammar box.

20 twenty

25 twent y-five

21 twenty-one

26 twent y-six

22 t wenty-two

27 twenty-seven

my

23 twent y-three

28 twenty-eight

you

your

24 t wenty-four

29 t w enty-nine

he

his

she

her

it

its

30 thirty

70 seventy

we

our

40 forty

80 eighty

they

their

50 fifty

90 ninety

7A

Listen, read and repeat.

60 sixty

He is a student. This is his book.

100 one hundred

B Listen and circle the number you hear.


B Complete the sentences with the correct
possessive adjectives.

a. 14 / 40

e. 18 / 80

b. 17 / 70

f. 15 / 50

1. Helio ! ....... MY. ........ name's Janet.

c.

13 / 30

g . 19 / 90

2 . W hat 's ... .......... .... ... job? Is he a wa iter?

d . 16 / 60

h. 12 / 20

3. Are you a policeman? W hat's ....................


job?
4 . Helio! .................... name's Carmen.
What's .. .................. name?
5. This is Angela . .................... boyfriend is a
businessman.

5A

How old are you?


8A

Listen and read.

Read the grammar box.

a before consonants: a waiter


an before a, e, i, o, u: an electrician

B Write a oran.
1.

.~n .. electrician

2. ....... doctor

3 . ....... English teacher

4.

....... Chinese man

5 . ....... gi rlfriend

6.

....... office

7 . ...... . ltalian

8. ....... book
B Practise with another student.
seventeen

17

9A

10

Listen and complete the dialogue.

A Listen and complete


the information.

CHENG:

Good morning.
My name 1 ... .. .... . !?. .......... Cheng Lee.

RECEPTIONIST:

DR GRANT'S SURGERY

Good 2.. .... .... .... ........ . ' Cheng.

PATIENT FILE

What 's 3 ....... . .... . .... . ..... address, please?


CHENG:
RECEPTIONIST:

lt's 4 ... ........ ............ Cromwell Road, flat 17.


And s.......... .. ........... your telephone number,
please?

CHENG:
RECEPTIONIST:
CHENG:
RECEPTIONIST:
DR GRANT:

6 ......... ........... . ..

How old
1

phone number is 020-7549-837 1.

7 .. .... ... .... .. ... .....

you, Cheng?

8 .... . .... .. ......... .. . forty.

NATIONALITY; ' - - - - - - - - - - - - '

JOB:

~~-------~

Cheng, 9 ....................... is Dr Grant.


Nice to meet 10........... ..... .. ' Cheng.

B Listen again and check your answers.

B Listen again and check your


answers.

~=-""""'------------------------

. - -----

This is my room.
11

Listen, read and repeat.


Are those
Ken, this is my room ...
And this is Freddy.

12

A Listen and complete the dialogue.


ANGELA:
ALBERTO:
ANGELA:

Alberto, that's Helen's 1 .... .1":9.Q.l'.1'.l. ..... .... .. .. . and this is 2 .. ..... .... ...... .. ... . .. .. room.
Angela, are t hese 3 ........ . .... . .... . .... . .. . dogs?
4 .......... .... .. ........... ,

they're not. They're Helen's dogs.

ALBERTO:

What's 5 ..... . ...... . . ...... .. . ... . ' Angela?

ANGELA:

Oh, 6 ......... .... ... . .......... a pen ? . ... . ... .. . .... ....... . .... ltaly.

B Listen again and check your answers.

18 eighteen

unit 2
B Complete the sentences with this or that.

GRAMMAR

13 A

Read the grammar box.

- - - - - - PLURAL- NOUNS
-

1 book - 2 books
1 dictionary - 2 dictionaries

B Write about the pictures.

five
1. . .........................
.

books

2 ....... ... .......................... ........ ........ .. .

1. .. ... Th~~ ..... is my chair.

3 ...... .............. .................................. .

2 ................... is my dictionary.
3.

....... ............ is my desk.

4. ........ ........... is Alberto.


4 ........................... .

Write the sentences in the plural.


1. That waiter is Japanese.

.!~~~~. ~.~.i~~~.~..~.~~)~P.~.'!~~~.......... ..... .


5. .. ..... .... ....... .......... .... ............ ......... .

14

A Read the grammar box.

2. This is a Span ish dictionary.

3. This hairdresser is from England.

4. That student is Greek.

5. What is this?

_______;

ni neteen

19

PRONUNCIATION

15

Listen, read and repeat. Pay attention to the stressed words in colour.
1. What's your name?

2. How are you?

3. Fine, thanks.

4. This is a desk.

WORDS DAYS OF THE WEEK

16

A Listen, read and repeat.


1. Monday

2. Tuesday

3. Wed nesday

4. Thu rsday

5. Friday

B Listen and read.


What day is it today?

lt's Monday.

C Practise with a partner.

17

A Read the diary.

S\'\\JRDi\"'l

,_~,,vaftl -wit1- ~

resi""''"

s\JD i\"'l

at~

. ....
.....

.,, '

B Where is Carmen? Use the diary to complete the sentences.


1. On ...... 2~.~.0.~Y. ......

, Carmen is at home.

2. On ....... .................. , she is at the doctor.


3. On ....... .................. and ................ ......... , she is at school.
4. On ......................... , she is at the hairdresser's.
5. On ......................... , she is at a restaurant w ith friends.
6. On ....... .................. , she is at her computer class.

C Listen and check your answers.

20 twenty

.. .

6. Saturday

7. Sunday

READING

18

A Read the advertisements.

WAITER
fornew
London restaurant
Age: 18-25
Good for student
Telephone: 020 7842 9536

Receptionist
For ooctor's Surgery
Phone: 020 7 459 8316

for an interview.

BABYSITTER
For 5 year old
Please phone Sandra.
Telephone:
020 8467 1978

NATIONALITY

Student, Receptionist

Student, Waiter

Student, Babysitter

English Teacher, Writer

ltalian

Spanish

Mexican

English

1. Advertisement .. J

...

is for ....... J~n~t: .... .... because ...........~h.~'.!?..0.~J.l'.lgJ!~hJ~?~~-~r.................. .

2. Advertisement ........ is for .................... .. ... because ........... ... ......... .................................... ..... .... .
3.
4.

WORD LIST
address

eighty

job

receptionist

Thursday
toda y

age

electrician

Monday

Saturday

babysitter

forty

nationality

seventy

Tuesday

beca use

fifty

new

shop assistant

twenty

boyfriend

Friday

ninety

sixty

waiter

businessman

girlfriend

one hundred

Sunday

Wednesday

doctor

hairdresser

policewoman

thirty

VOCABULARY

3 Write this, that, these or those under the


correct pictures.

1 Look at the word list above and do the

.,D

following exercises.

.............t~P~~ ............ .
2. Write the answers in words.

a. 10 +1 0 =

twenty

=
c. 70 - 20 =
d . 50 + 4 0 =

b. 20 + 20

LISTENING

4A

3. Complete the days of the week.


1 ...... .. .~.C?.~0.~Y. .... ... ..

1. a. l'm a

, Tuesday,
I

Listen and choose the correct answer.


b. l'm ltalian.

reception ist.
I

2. a. He's a waiter.

b. She's a doctor.

3. a. l'm fine.

b. l'm thirty years old.

4 . a. lt's 24 Baker

b. lt's 020 754 9 837 1.

Friday , 4 .. ............... .............. , Sunday.

GRAMMAR

Street.

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. Helio!

0/

Your name is Alex. l'm a / an

5. a. lt's a chair.

b. Yes, they are.

6. a. lt's Thursday.

b. lt's a book.

electrician.

2. l'm a I an receptionist. What's its / your job,


Tom ?
3. Kate is a I an student. His / Her books are
he re.
4. Carmen and Ken are students. These are

their / our books.

22 twenty-two

B Listen and check your answers.

unit 2

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


TEACHER:
MIKE:
TEACHER:
MIKE:
TEACHER:
MIKE:
TEACHER:
MIKE:

Mike, how old are you?


l'm 23 years old .
What's your address?
lt's 88 Gold Street.
What's your job, Mike?
l'm a businessman.
And your girlfriend ? What's her job?
She's an electrician .

2 In pairs, change the words in colour to


make the dialogue true for you. Act out
your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students the following questions and write their answers.
Name

How old are you?

What's your address?

1.

2.
3.
--=,...,...._..._...._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

,.........-=
---- --- ~--

DID VOU KNOW?

Peop le in England are from many different countries and cultures.


Today, 30% of people in London are originally from Asia, Africa, China or the Caribbean.

twenty-three 23

Bave you got any children?


1 Listen, read and repeat.

My name's Janet Wilson.


I'm an English teacher
and a writer.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


HELEN:

this .... .. 1
s my moth er, A nn Kottak'1s.
earmen, 1.. ................

CARMEN: 2 .... .................... to meet you, Mrs Kottakis.


MRS KOTTAKIS: Where 3 ......... ....... ..... ... you from, Carmen?
CARMEN: l'm 4 .................. .. .... Mexico.
MRS KOTTAKIS: Have s...... ............ ...... gota boyfriend?
CARMEN: No, 6 .. ........ .. .... .. ..... . .

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: Have you got any children?
STUDENT 2:

24 twenty-four

Yes, 1 have. I No, 1 haven't.

..

WORDS THE FAMILY

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

B Look at the pictures.

husband

brother

wife

sister

father
mother

&

unele

parents

aunt

child

grandfather

son

grandmother

children

daughter

grandparents

~ r i

grandchild

&

grandchildren

Complete the text according to B.


This is Andrew. Kate is his 1...... ... ~! ~'J<~r. .... and Mark is his
2 ... .. ....................

Jill is his 3 ................ ..... .... Lisa and Tim are

his 4 .......... .... .... . ...... Emily and Edward are his s.. ..................... .
and 6 ......................... Lisa and Tim are their 7 ........... ............. .
Lisa and Tim have got an

........................ and an 9 ........................ .

Their names are Kate and Mark.

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.

AFFIRMATIVE:

1
you
we
they

have got

he
she
it

has got

NEGATIVE:

yo u
we
they

've got

he
she
it

's got

yo u
we
they
he
she
it

QUESTIONS:

1.

1 .. . . .

yo u
we
they
he
she
it

has not got

ORT

Have you got a girlfriend?


Has she got any brothers?

B Complete the sentences with

have not got

haven't got

hasn't got

, SWERS:

Yes, 1have.
No, she hasn't .

have got or has got.

~~".'~. g~~ ... . two sisters.

4. They ....... ..... .... .. ... . two uncles.

2. Cheng ............... ..... ... a son.

5. Janet .... ....... ...... .. .. . two children.

3. We .. .. ......... .. ........ one daughter.

6. You ..... .... .............. grandparents.


twenty-five 25

Write the sentences in the negative. Use


contractions.
1 . He's got t w o sisters .

.t-!~. h?i~r(I.(_ gqt J '>:\:'9. .~i.~:t~r.~: ..................


2. We've got t hree children .

Complete the questions with Ha ve ... got or


Has ... got.
1...... tl.?'(~- you ......gPt ....... a sister?
2 ........ ......... .. Carmen .................. a boyfriend?
3 . .......... .... .... M r and M rs Kottakis ..... ......... ... .
any grandchildren?

3 . l've gota new girlfriend.

4 . .. ............. ... Alberto .... ... ..... ...... a girlfriend ?


5. .. .. ............. . you ... ............. .. a job?

4 . She's got a boyfriend.

6 .... ............... Cheng .................. any children?


7 .... ............... they .. ................ a dict ionary?

5. They've got a Spa nish dictionary.

l've got some photos.


6 Listen, read and repeat.

26 twenty-six

Helen's mother is at our flat.


She's here on holiday.
She's beautiful!

7A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


Look, these are my 1 . .. . ..c;h!l.~.rnn .....

JANET:

, Michael and

Linda.

Oh, 2 .......... ........ .... . beautifu l ! They've got red hair !

MRS KOTTAKIS:

3 .... .. ........ ... ...... old are they?

Michael's six and Linda 's 4 ........ ............... .

JANET:

Has Helen got s........... ..... .. .. ... brothers o r sisters?


Yes, she 6 ..... .... ............... Her brother's name is Stephanos.

MRS KOTTAKIS:

But

1 7 ..... ...... . ...........

gota photo here.

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

8A

Read the grammar box.

-~-- ~---~

--~

...

~-

-- -

---------------- COUNTABLE-- -

UNCOUNTABLE

We can count these nouns. We can use these

We can't count these nouns.

nouns in the singular and plural.

We can't use these nouns in the plural.

an uncle, two uncles

sorne hornework NOT ~

a child, two children

B Complete the phrases with a / an or sorne.

9A

1 ... ... "! ..... taxi

3 . .. ..... ..... aunt

S........... .. pen

7. ............ girlfriend

2 ............. coffee

4 ........... .. popcorn

6 .... .. ..... .. water

8 .... ...... .. . tea

Read the grammar box.

~-= SME I ANV

B Complete the sentences with sorne or any.


1. l've got ... .... ~~~~ ...... bananas.
2. Have you got ..... ......... .... .... brothers?

AFFIRMATIVE:

3. You haven't got ................ ... ... coffee.


l've got sorne water.

4 . We've got .................. .... money.


NEGATIVE:

5. Ha ve they got .............. ........ ch ild ren ?


He hasn't got any water.

6.

haven 't got ............... .. .... . homework.

QUESTIONS:

Have you got any water?

twenty- seven 27

10 A

Read the grammar box.

These are Helen's parents.


This is the teacher's book.

This is James' girlfriend.


These are the teachers' books.
This is Susie and Lisa's grandfather.

B Look at Liz's family and complete the sentences.

1. Thomas is ....... Ji.~'.~ ....... husband.


2. Liz is ......... ........... .. wife.

3. Emily is .... .......... ..... .. . sister.

4. Dan is .. .......... ... ..... .. brother.


5. Liz is ...................... and ...... .......... ...... mother.

PRONUNCIATION

11

Listen and repeat.


1. husba nd

2. have

3. brother

4. blue

5. five

6. book

WORDS COLOURS

12

Listen, read and repeat.

l:ltjiijl

CCl;IH
YELLOW

ci;Hia

j WHITE

1411;1411

WORDS PARTS OF THE BODY

13

Listen, read and repeat.

&

eye ......

: :o::t~ , ::
ID

11

.. . . . .....mfoot

mhair
.................. . .... liJ

ear

mleg

...........

............ D] body

...........

, ,,

28 twenty- eight

toe

~-

arm .....

hand....

II!J

head

14

A Complete the sentences.


1. What colour are his eyes? His eyes are ... .. ~l.l:J~ .... .

2. What colou r is her hair? Her hair is ...... ... ..... . .


3. What colour is his nose? His nose is .. .... ...... ... .
4. What colour are its ears? lts ears are ..... ..... .. ... .
B Listen and check your answers.

Circle the word that doesn't belong.

G)

1 . eye

ear

2 . finger

nose

hand

arm

3. head

toe

foot

leg

mouth

D Write a description of yourself.


1

have got ...................... hai r and ...................... eyes.

1 have got my ......................s hai r and my ..................... .'s eyes.

READING

15

A Read this e-mail.

To:

sophia_t@mymail.com

From:

carmen_o@emessenger.com
r -

- - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - -

Subject: 1 Hi from London

~~~~~~:~~~:~~tic! 1love the English co: . My ~~~:h~::~=~~.- -

Her name is Janet and she's from Manchester. Janet's husband is an


electrician and they've got two beautiful children. Their son, Michael, is
six and his sister, Linda, is three. They've got red hair and blue eyes!
l've got a new friend. Her name is Angela and she is ltalian. She's a
receptionist for a doctor. She's got a boyfriend. His name is Tony and he's
a businessman.
What's new? Please writel
Love,
Carmen

~---

_j

B Correct the mistake in each sentence.


1. Janet's husband is a businessman.

Janet's hu sband is an elect rician.

2. Janet and her husband haven 't got any ch ild ren .
3. Linda has got tw o brothers.
4. Angela is Janet's friend.
5. Angela is a doct or.
6. Angela hasn't got a boyfriend.
LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 76-77

twe nty-nine 29

arm

ear

grandparents

mouth

toe

aunt
beautiful

eye

green
grey

nose

uncle

family

on holiday

What's new?

orange
parents

white
wife

pink

yellow

father

black
blue

ha ir
hand

finger

body
brother

foot
grandchild

brown
child

grandchildren
grandfather
grandmother

daughter

head
husband

purple
red

leg
married

sister

mother

son

VOCABULARY

B Write the sentences in the negative.


1. You've got my book.

1 Look at the word list and do the following.

~~~--~-~V~~:~-~-~-~- .r::x. ~?.?.~........... .............

1. Complete the chart with six family members.


WOMEN

2. Carmen and 1 have got new dictionaries.

MEN

... .. ... 0~.ugh~~-~


3. A lberto has got a gi rlfriend.

2. Write the correct colours .


a. red + w hite

.........P.!r!~.........

b. black + w hite

1. Have you got a / any homework?

2. l've got sorne / any money.

c. yellow + blue =
d. blue + red

Choose the correct answer.

3. We haven't got sorne / any water.

4. Has Carmen got sorne I any brothers?

3. Complete the chart with six parts of the body.

5. Have you got your mother's / mothers'

BODY

eyesl

6. This is Jame's I James' brother.

ha nd

...... ... .... ~<?l.~ ........... ..

LISTENING

4
GRAMMAR

2A

Complete the sentences with

have got or

has got.

1. a. Yes, 1 am .

b. Emily is my sister.

2. a. These are my

b. No, 1 haven't.

parents.
3. a. Yes, she has.

b. She's got black hair.

2. My daughter .... .... ...... ..... ..... bl ue eyes.

4. a. Yes, l'm fine.

b. l've got tw o sisters.

3 ................ Jim ........... .... his father's nose?

5. a. lt's from China. b. lt 's purple.

1.

1 .... h~x~.09.~

..... black hair.

4. The chi ldren ..................... bea utiful eyes.


5. . .............. you ..... .......... any aunts?

30 thirty

A Listen and choose the correct answer.

B Listen and check your answers.

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


LINDA: Where are you from, Dan ?
DAN: l'm from Paris. What about you?

Where are you from?


LINDA: l'm from London .

Are you married?


DAN: Yes, 1am .

My wife's a policewoman .
LINDA: Have you got any children?
DAN: Yes,

have. l've got a daughter.

LINDA: Has she got your blue eyes?


DAN: No, she hasn't. But she's got

my black hair.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your new dialogue.
3 Ask three students the questions below and write their answers.
Name

Are you married?

What colour are your eyes?

1.
2.
3.

DID YOU KNOW?


QyEEN ELIZABETH II

Look at the family tree of the British

......................................................................................................
...
...
....
....
.
.

royal family. Who in the British royal


family has got the same name as a
Spanish chain of clothes shops?

- m. PRINCE PHILIP

ANNE

CHARLES

ANDREW

Duke ofYork
Princess Royal
Prince ofWales
m. Mark Phillips m. Lady Diana Spencer m. Sarah
Ferguson

PRINCE
WILLIAM

PE TER

ZARA

......................
;

PRINCESS
BEATRICE

EDWARD

Earl of Wessex
m. Sophie
Rhys-Jones

LADY
LOUISE

PRINCE HARRY
PRINCESS EUGENIE

thirty-one 31

She's beautiful!
1 Listen, read and repeat.
D

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


CHENG:
ANGELA:
CHENG:
ANGELA:
CHENG:
ANGELA:

Th .IS .IS ,

.. .. .. .. . .my
. . .. . .. . . .. .. .

d aug hter.

Wow ! She's got very long

2 ... .. .. .................

Yes, she has. And this is my 3 ........ ....... . .... ..... .


He's very

4 .. ... ........ .. ......... .

And very s .. ........ .............. too.


Cheng, you have got
beautifu l children .

CHENG:

6 . ......... .. ...... . .... .

B Listen again and check


your answers.

3 Practise with other students.


1. STUDENT 1: Are you tall?
STUDENT 2: Yes, 1 am . / No, l'm not.

2. STUDENT 1: Have you got long hair?


STUDENT 2: Yes, 1 have. I No, 1 haven't.

32

irty two

unit 4
WORDS ADJECTIVES

5A

4 Listen, read and repeat.

Tick (/) the sentences that are true for you.


l'm tall .

l'm middle-aged .

l'm short.

l've got blue eyes.

l've got blond(e) hair.

l've got long hair.

l've got brown eyes.

l've got dark hair.

l've got green eyes.

l'm young.

B Tell the class about yourself.

1. He's ta ll.
She's short.

2. He's good-looking.
She's beautiful.

GRAMMAR

6A

Read the grammar box.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~

woRD ORDER -

Adjective + noun:
Janet has got beautiful children.
Adjective after verb to be:
He is old.

3. They' re ugly.
He's got big ears.

4 . She's got blonde hair.


He's got dark hair.

B Put the words into the correct order.


1. dark / got / She's / hair
.Shd~. gat .dark.ha[r........... ......... ......... ..... .

2. got I a I daug hter I beautiful I They've

3. are/ eyes / blue / Tom's

5. He's old .
She's young .

6. They're midd le-aged.

4. got I ears I big I She's

She's got small hands.


5. young / Kate / is

6. an / lt's / book / English

7. He's got long ha ir.


She's got short hai r.

8. He's thin.
She's fat.
thirty-three

33

How much ... ?


7 Listen, read and repeat.

Helen, there isn't any room in o ur flat!


We 've already got two dogs , a rabbit
and a hamster.

A Listen and complete the dialogue.


MRS KOTTAKIS: Look! There's a snake. lsn't it 1 . ... . ... .IPr.ig ......... ?
ANGELA: Oooh! 2 ... .. ... ................ long and ugly!
HELEN: No, it 3 ............... .... . ..... lt's beautiful. Excuse me, have you got 4 .... ...... ...... ........ King snakes?
ANGELA: Helen! A snake?

SALES ASSISTANT: Yes, there are s.. ...... .. ... ... ........ King snakes here.
HELEN: How much is 6 ... ............. .... .... snake?
SALES ASSISTANT: lt's f2 00.
ANGELA: OK, now let 's go and look at 7 ... . ...... ... .... .. .. ... clothes.

B Listen again an.d check your answers.

34 thirty-four

unit 4
WORDS

9A

PETS

Listen, read and repeat.

B Say the animals. Use the pictures in A.


1. l'm old and thin. l'm brown.

Who am 17 ......... .. ..t.b.I(..d.O.~J ............. ...... .


2. l'm young . l' m blond.
Who am 17 ....... ...... ...... ......... ... ............. .
3 . l'm red .
W ho am 17 ................ .... ..... .. ...... .... ..... ... .
4 . l' m white. l've got long ears and pink eyes.
Who am 17 .. .... ...... .............. .... ...... .... .... ..
hamster

5. l'm small, w hite and brown .


Who am 17 ..... ........... ........... ... ...... ........ ..
6. l'm fat and black.
Who am 17 .. ............ .. ........ .... .... ..... ........ .

snake

7. l'm long and green.


Who am 17 ........ ........ ..... ... ....... ....... .. ......
8 . l'm young. l'm black and w hite.
W ho am 17 ... ............ ....... .... ... ..... ...... ... ...

C Listen and check your answers.

PRONUNCIATION

10

Listen, read and repeat.


1. l've got two wh ite cats. (t )

2 . Have you got a hamster7 ( --")


puppy

3. She is bea utiful. ("). )


4 . Are there any snakes here 7 ( --" )
5. Is he tall7 (_.. )

6 . W here is your puppy? ( ""t )

rabbit

thirty-five

35

GRAMMAR

11

C Complete the questions with Is there or


Are there. Then answer the questions.
Make them true for you.

A Read the grammar box.


!.~~-~!! ~~ 1 l'THERE" ARE-

1.

AFFI MATIVE:

- ~~-~~-~-~~---

an ltalian student in your class?

Yes, there is. I No, there sn't.

There is + singular countable /


uncountable nouns

2.. ....................... any Spanish students in your class?

There is a chair in the room.


There is sorne money on the table.

3 ......................... a shop on your street?

There are + plural nouns


There are sorne chairs here.
NEGATIVE:

4. ............ ............ a dictionary on your desk?

There isn't a chair in the room.


There aren't any chairs in the room.
There isn't any money on the table.
QUESTIONS:

Is there a chair in the room?

12

A Read the grammar box.


HOW' MUCH ' / ' HOW ' MANV

Yes, there is. / No, there isn't.


Are there any chairs in the room?
Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.
Is there any money on the table?
Yes, there is. I No, there isn't.

How much + uncountable nouns


How much homework is there today?
We also use how much to ask the price
of something.
How much are these chairs?

B Look at the picture below. Complete


the sentences with There is, There are,

How many + plural nouns


How many children have you got?

There isn't, There aren't.


1........ Jh~r.~. if? ......... a desk.
2. ........ ..................... sorne students.
3. ......................... .... any children.
4. ............................. sorne pens.
5. ................... ...... .... a red chair.
6. . ......... ............... .... sorne w ater.
7. . ............................ any dictionaries.

'
36 thirty-six

unit 4
B Complete the questions with How much or How many.
1. . .. . ~--~- 0!~~h

...... tea is there?

2. ........... .............. .. sisters have you got?


3. ......... ....... ..... ...... people are there in your family?
4. ...... .... ........... .. .... is this book?
5. .................. ......... students are there in your cla ss?
6.

........... ................ money have you got?

READINCi

13

A Match the names to the photos .


.... King juan Carlos

.... Robbie Williams

.... Pen Jope Cruz

... . Queen Elizabeth

.. .. Catherine Zeta-fon es

B Match the descriptions to the pictures. There is one extra picture.

He's from England and he's a singer. He's got green eyes. He's very
good-looking. He hasn't got a wife or any children.

@]

She's a beautiful actress. She has got long, black hair and brown eyes. Her
husband is an American actor. He isn't young. She's gota son anda daughter.

She is from England. She's got short, grey hair. She's old. There is a
picture of this English woman on the money of her country.

There are many beautiful actresses in Hollywood. This beautiful actress


is also Spanish. She's got long, brown hair. She's got two dogs.

C Write a description for the extra picture.

LANGUAGE PRACTlCE pages 78-79

thirty-seven 37

LIST
actor

dark

hamster

pet

small

actress

dog

idea

pound

snake

big

Excuse me

kitten

puppy

tall

blond

fat

long

rabbit

thin

blonde

fish

middle-aged

short

ugly

cat

good-looking

old

singer

young

VOCABULARY

CiRAMMAR

1 Look at the word list above and do the

2 Put the words into the correct order.

following.

1. got / brown / l've / hair

1. Find the opposite of these words.


... .... _g.Q.Q~.-.IPP.ki ".1.g..... ...

a. ugly

! '.v~ _gqt. .~rnwn. h0.ir............. ........................ ..


2. are/ beautiful / You

b. thin
c. o/d

3 . a I is / good I This I day

d. long

2. Complete the puzzle. Use the pictures.

3 Complete the sentences with How much or


Howmany.
1. t-:l.Q.~ .11'.1.l:J.<1h ....... ...... ... money have you got?

2. .. .. .... ...................... .. friends have you got?


3 .......................... .... ... is this pink table?

4 Choose the correct answer.


1. There is /~two tables in the room .
2. There are / There aren't any chairs here.
6

ACROSS

3. There is/ There isn't sorne money.

oo+

4. There are I Are there any cats here?

1
LISTENINCi

5A
DOWN....

Listen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. He's two metres.

b. He's good-looking.

2. a. Yes, she is.

b. No, she hasn't.

3 . a. lt's f5 .

b. lt's ugly.

4. a. Seven.

b. lt's got white hair.

5. a. Yes, it's middle-aged.

b. Yes, there are.

B Listen and check your answers.

38 thirty-eight

unit 4

( IT'~ YOUR TURN )


1 Listen and read the dialogues.
BEN: Look! This is a photo of my brother, Adam.

He's a businessman.
CINDY: He's good-looking!
BEN: Yes, he's got dark hair and blue eyes.
CINDY: Is your brother tall?
BEN: Yes, he's tall and thin.

l.

KATE:

Oh, look ! There are sorne beautiful kittens.

JANE:

Yes, they're beautiful.

KATE:

Let's get a kitten.

JANE:

But there isn't any room in our flat.

KATE:

Yes, there is. Excuse me, how much


is this grey kitten?

'

JANE'

lt's f 100.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your new dialogues.
3 Look at three students and write as many adjectives as you can to describe t heir body
and their hair.
Na me

Their body

Their hair

1.
2.

3.

--------- --
DID VOU KNOW?

In England, the money is the pound sterling. There are


5, 1O, 20 and 50 pound banknotes . A pound has got
100 pence. How much is a pound sterling in euros?

thirty-nine 39

nit
l live in ...
1 Listen, read and repeat.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


JANET:

Where do you live, Carmen?

CARMEN: 1 live in a room at the 1 .. ... .!?.c;;h991. ...

room 23.
JANET: Where do 2 ................ .. .. live, Alberto?
ALBERTO:

1 live at the school, too. Ken lives in the


3 . . ... ........ ... . . ..

JANET:

Yes, it has. It's very small, but my


dogs !ove it. The rabbit likes it, too.

next to me.

Cheng 4 .. .. .... ............ here today. Where


does he live?

CARMEN:

Cheng s.... ..... .. ......... in a flat. lt's very


nice. lt's gota 6 .. . .................. kitchen and
din ing-room.

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


Ken lives in the room next to me.

STUDENT 1: Where do you live?


STUDENT 2: 1 live in a f lat / house.

40 forty

unit 5
GRAMMAR

4A

B Complete the sentences with work I works or like l likes.


lf nen
d, Ange1a.
1. Tony ........ .likes
.... .. .... ... . h.1s g1r

Read the grammar box.


_.,..__

-- -

2. Alberto ........ ........ ....... in a restaurant.

~~-

- PR ESENT ' 5 IMPLE ......_.~ -

4. Helen and Cheng .. .................. ... Chinese food.

he
she

yo u

we

live

it

they

3. Janet and David .......... .. ........... in London.

lives

5 . We ...... ................ . in the city.


6. Cheng ....... .. ..... .. ...... . every day.
7. Carmen ............... .... .... her job.
8.

1 .. .. .. .... . .. . . .. . .. .. .

in the evening .

WORDS ROOMS OF THE HOUSE

5A

Listen, read and repeat.

B Look at the picture below and answer these questions.


1. Where's Jack? ~-~-~.!~.!::h~ .~~.0.~()()~: ..... .... ..................... .
2. Where's Kevin? ........... .... .......... ..... .... ........ ....... ... ..... ..... .
3. Where are Mr and Mrs Clark?

bedroom

bathroom

4. Where's Lucy? ... ..... ... ........... ..... .... ... ..... .......... .. ..... .........
5. Where's Ann? ............. ..... .......... ... .. .... ........... ........... ... .....
6. Where's Rob? ... .... ..... ..................... ........ ... .... .. .. .. .. .. ........

kitchen

living-room

dining-room

garage

toilet

garden

forty-one

41

1 like them, but

6 Listen, read and repeat.


Here are sorne nice curtains for our
living-room. Do you like the colour?

11

but the curtains are ugly. Sorry.

7A

List en and complete the dialogue.


HELEN: Here's a nice 1 . .. ... . ru.g... .. ... far our living-room .

Do you 2 .............. . .. ... it, Angel a?


ANGELA: lt's OK, but look! 1 li ke 3 .. .... . . ....... ..... rug! Do you like it?
HELEN: 1 like t he rug, b ut the 4 ... ..... ... ... ... .. . isn't nice. Look !

This rug is pink and s........... ..... .... cu rtains are pink, too.
ANGELA: Yes, but it's an 6 ............... . .. rug.

B Listen again and check your answers.

WORDS FURNITUR E

8A

List en, read and repeat.

1. bed

2. sofa

6 . bookshelves

42 forty- two

7. rug

3 . cupboard

8 . lamp

4. fridg e

rn

9. curtains

5. cooker

10. table

unit 5
B Write the words from Exercise 8 A in the correct group. You can use sorne words more than once.
bedroom

dining-room

living-room

kitchen

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
curtains

WORDS ORDINAL NUMBERS

9A

Listen, read and repeat.

1st

fi rst

4th fourth

7th seventh

10th

2nd second

Sth f ifth

8t h eighth

11 t h eleventh

3rd

6th sixth

9th ninth

12th twelfth

third

tenth

B Where are the items in the shop? Read t he sign and write sentences about sorne of the items.

1. !_he..r.u.0.s...'.e..~~ .~h.e. .fi r..!?.t. ~l.o.<?t.... ........... ..... ................... .


2.

Th~ ............................................................................. ...... .

3 . .... ........... ........ .. ........ .. ........... ..... .......... .... ....... ........ .... .... .
4. .. .... ............ ............ ........ .. .. ............ ...................... ......... ... ..

5.

lST FLOOR
2ND FLOOR
3RD FLOOR

... ...... .. " ....... ............... """" .... .... ..... .......... .. .... "" " ....... .. .. .

4TH FLOOR

6 . ....... ....... .. ................ .... .. ... .. ... ........... .. .............. .... .. ... ...... ..

5TH FLOOR
6TH FLOOR

7.

7TH FLOOR

8. ....... .... ... ... .... .. ................ .... .. .... ... .. .... ... ...... ..... ...... ...... ..... .

8TH FLOOR
9TH FLOOR

lOTH FLOOR

Listen and read.

llTH FLOOR

Where are the beds?

12TH FLOOR

The beds are on


the fifth floor.

rugs
lamps
chairs and tables
so fas
beds
curtains
bookshelves
cupboards
fridges
cookers
toilets
restaurant

D Work with another student. Ask questions using the sign.

HOMEDECOR

PRONUNCIATION

10

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the stressed syllable in colour.

1. garden

2. toi let

3. bed room

4. ta ble

5. curtains

forty -three 43

GRAMMAR

11

B Complete the sentences with teach / teaches, study / studies or go / goes.

A Read the grammar box.

1. We ....... ...g.Q.......... to English classes .

2. Carmen is a student. She ...................... . English.


3. They are teachers. They ............... ... ..... in a language school.

work

works

study

studies

4 . Ken and Alberto are students. They ... ........... ......... English.

tea ch

teaches

5. Janet is the English teacher. She ................ ....... English.

do

do es

6. Angela ............... ... ..... to her boyfriend in t he evening.

C Complete the paragraph with the verbs in brackets.


live
My name .1s Ju 11e. My b roth er 's na me .1s T.1m. 11 ...................
.... (l.1ve) .in a fl at .in
London, but Tim 2 .... ............... .... (live) in Bristol. l'm a student.

3 ............. ... ..... . .

(go) to univerisity. Tim is also a student and he's a waiter, too. He 4 ..... ... .............. .
(work) at a Japanese resta urant and he

s ....... ............ ....

(study) ltalian ata

language school. At the weekend, Tim 6 . . . .................... (go) to the cinema.


1 7 . . .. ..... .... .......... (do) my homework at the weekend.

12

A Read the grammar box.

1 like music.

1 like listening to music.

Jack likes London.

Jack likes living in London.

B Tick (1) the correct answer for you.


Do you like ...

Yes, 1 do.

No, 1 don't.

1. jazz music?
2. coffee?
3. reading books?
4. going to shops?

C Complete the sentences with the words below.

green eyes

teacher

going

studying

working

1. Helen likes ....... .l.ix!ng ... .... in a flat.


2. Angela and Carmen like ......... .... ..... ..... to the cinema .
3. Angela likes Tony's .... .................. . .
4. Cheng li kes .. ..... ................ English at the language school.
5 . The students like their ....... ..... ........... .
6. Alberto likes ....................... at th e restaurant.

44

for ty-four

unit 5
READING

13

A Read about Emily and Patrick.

A House for Emily and Patrick


My name is Emily. 1 come from Canterbury. Canterbury is a
small town, 85 kilometres from London. It's very old and
beautiful. My boyfriend's name is Patrick. He lives in Manchester.
Manchester is a big city. It's the home of the Manchester United
football team and Patrick and I love football!
Patrick and I want to find a house in Manchester. We've got two
dogs, so we want a house with a garden. We need a big garage
because we've got two cars. Patrick also wants a big kitchen.

B Now read these advertisements and choose a house for Emily and Patrick. Complete the sentences
below.
1

FOR SALE
Big, beautiful house
in the centre of Manchester
3 bedrooms
big living-room
big kitchen
beautiful garden
Call Jessica: 01614346767

YOUR HOUSE IN
MANCHESTER!!
2 bedrooms
big, modern kitchen
beautiful dining room
garage!
Telephone: 0161 475 2112

HOUSE FOR SALE


IN MANCHESTER
2 bedrooms
big kitchen
new bathroom
2-car garage + small garden
Call Thomas at 0161 482 9658

1. This house is / isn't good far Emily and Patrick


beca use it has I hasn't got .............. ............... .

2. This house is / isn't good far Emily and Patrick


beca use it has I hasn't got ..... ........................ .

3. This house is/ isn't good far Emily and Pat ri ck


beca use it has I hasn't got ....................... ...... .

C Write about your home.


1 live

in a flat / house. 1 live with my

.. .. .................... l've got a big / small kitchen.


In my living-room, there is a .......... ...... ....... .
l've got ........... .. .......... bedrooms. In my
bedroom, there is a .. ........ ............. .
1

have I haven't got a garden.


LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 80-81

forty-five 45

WORD LIST
bathroom

different

fourth

living-room

tenth

ninth
rug

toilet

bed

dining-room

fridge

bedroom

eighth

garage

bookshelves

eleventh

garden

building

fifth

house

second
seventh

cooker
cupboard

first
flat

kitchen

sixth

lamp

sofa

curtains

floor

like

table

third
twelfth

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in

Look at the word list above and do the following.


1. Complete the puzzle. Look at the clues below.
2

brackets. Use the Present Simple.


1. We ... ..... !lY~.......... (live) in ltaly.
2. Ken ....... ...... .......... (teach) Japanese.

3. Angela and Helen .................... ... (work) in


the city.
V

4. Alberto ....................... (go) to work every day.


5. Cheng ....................... (study) computers.

3 Complete the sentences with the correct words.


7

books

c<)!ee

listening

buying

1. Helen likes .. .....'1.Qff~~.... ... , not tea.


2. Angela likes ..... .................. clothes.

ACROSS-7

5. You put books on them.


7. lt's a "room" for a car.

3. Alberto likes history ..... ... ............... .


4. Carmen likes .... ..... ..... ........ . to jazz music.

DOWN....

1. Your bed is in it.

LISTENING

2. lt's in the kitchen.

4A

3. You put clothes in it.


4. You eat dinner on this.
6. You sit on it in the living-room.

Listen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. 1 live in a flat.

b.

2. a. Yes, it's very big.

b. Yes, it's ugly.

3. a. He likes music.

b. He's in the
bathroom.

2. Complete with ordinal numbers.


first,

1......

s.e.c.o.nd. ..... , third,

2 ............ ......... . . , 3 . .... .......... . ... ... . , sixth,


4 ............. . ... ... ,

s....... .............. .. , ni nth,

6 ................ .. . .... , eleventh, 7 . .. .. . ... ........ .. ... .

46 forty-six

like London.

4. a. lt's in the garage. b. Sorry, 1 don't.


5. a. They're on the
fourth floor.

b. They're on the
curtains .

B Listen and check your answers.

----=(
l

11''5 YOUR TURN ) - - - - -

Listen and read the dialogue.

SANDRA: Where do you live, Tom ?

TOM: 1live in a house in London .


SANDRA: Do you like it?

TOM: Yes, 1do . The bedrooms are big and


the garden is beautiful .
Where do you live, Sandra?
SANDRA: 1 live in a flat in the centre of London.

lt's great.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour to make


the dialogue true for you. Act out your new
dialogue.

3 Ask three students the questions below and


write their answers.

1'/"':' y~~'.~".~1.

\'I"~ ~~ ~<>" 1;~~:

':"~' <~l~u'./s ~~ ~<>" 1;ke7

1.
2.

3.

DID YOU KNOW?

In Britain, 80% of people live in houses and on ly 20%


live in flats. British houses are often small. The average
house is 76 square metres. The British bu ild their
houses with red bricks. They like having a garden.

seven 47

1 always go to bed late.


l

Listen, read and repeat.

Good morning, Angela.


How are you?

2A
11

Listen and complete the dialogue.

JANET:

Angela and Ken, the 1........ .1~~~9.!1 .. .. .. starts at


half past nine,

2 ..... .. .. .. ........... ...

quarter to ten!

ANGELA: l'm sorry 3 ........ .. ..... ..... ..... late, Janet.


KEN:

l'm 4 .................... ..... l'm late, too.

CHENG: s......................... you OK, A ngela?

1 sometirnes finish work early


and 1 sometimes finish work
late - at eight o'clock.

ANGELA: 6 ................ ...... ... ' but l'm ti red.


KEN:

You're ti red! What about

7 ................ .. .. ... ..

1go to bed at two o' clock


in the

......................... !

JANET: OK, everyone.

Let's start the


9

B Listen aga in and check


your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


1 . STUDENT 1: Do you start wo rk early?
STUDENT 2:

2. STUDENT 1:
STUDENT 2:

Yes, 1do./ No, 1don't.


Do you fi nish work late?
Yes, 1do. / No, 1don 't.

unit 6
GRAMMAR

4A

Read the grammar box.


"

ADVERBS~ OF 1 FREQUENCV ~
........

-~

....

_ _..._

....!..

0%

never

100%

often

sometimes

always

usually

Adverbs of frequency usually come before the main verb.


1 never have breakfast.

He sometimes works late.

B Tick (/) the column which is right for you.


How often do you ... ?

never

sometimes

usually

often

always

1. read a book

2. listen to music
3. go to a restaurant

C Tell the class your answers.

WORDS THE TIME

5A

B Look at the pictures and write the times.

IJ]

irn
!E
m-o
[6J
(153
[fil]
[]jJ

1. lt's f ive o'clock.

rrn 3 fi)
8 4 C?
~
'5 2 lP

Listen, read and repeat.


1

2. lt's ten past five.

3. lt's quarter past five.

4. lt's hall pa st five

5. lt's quarter to six.

..

1. lt's . ~e.~ P.~~~.f~.~:.

s{i]

..

5. lt's ......................... .

2. lt's ......................... .

6. lt's .. ....................... .

3. lt's ......................... .

7. lt's ......................... .

4. lt's ......................... .

8. lt's .. ...... ................. .

C Listen and read.

6. lt's ten to six.

7. lt's midday.

Excuse me,
what's the time?

8. lt's midnight.
It's half past two.

O Practise with a partner.


forty-nine 49

Let's have dinner.

WORDS DAILY ROUTINES

6A

Match the verbs to the correct pictures.


go tobed

7 listen, read and repeat.

finish work
start work

get home

1. ...... g~~-~.I?. .. ... . .....

2.

3.

4.

Let's have dinner a t a

5 ............................. .

B Listen and check your answers.

Write sentences about your daily


routines. Use the verbs in A.
1.

.1..M~..L! P.. .~.t. -~-~. lf.p~ ?.t:.?. i.>:<: ... .. ..

2 ................ ...................... ... ........... ...... .

3.

4 . ...... ..... ... ....... ........ .. ............... .... ....... .

5.
OK. Let's go to Francisco's
Restaurant on Wednesday.

50 fifty

unit 6

8A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


CHENG:

ALBERTO:

Let's all go out ton ig ht.


1..... .. .Th.;;i.t.'~ ....... a great idea! 2 ...... ...... .... .... .. ... you li ke

Japanese food?
CHENG:
ALBERTO:

Yes, 1 do. But Carmen doesn 't 3 ........ ................. Japanese food.
Ken's friend 4 ........... ..... ......... in a nice Greek restaurant.
Do

CHENG:
ALBERTO:

s......................... like Greek food?

6 .......... .... ........... ,

do.

Good. Let's meet here at half past 7 ........ .. ............... .

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.

NEGATIVE:

AFFIRMATIVE:

you
we
they

work

he
she
it

you
we
they

works

QUESTIONS

Do 1 I you I we / they work ... ?


Does he I she / it work ... ?

doesn't work

SHORT ANSWERS:

Yes, 1 do. I No, 1 don't.


Yes, it does. I No, it doesn't.

8 Write the sentences in the negative.

1. She likes parties.

.?.~.~. 0.c?.~~n'.~. U.~~. P.~ ~.i.~~: ........................... ..


2. l live in England.

don't work

he
she
it

C Complete the sentences with

do or does.

. bl.
1 . ...........Do
.... ........ you l'k
1 e your JO
2.... .. .................. Cheng work o n Tuesdays?
3............... .... ..... Ken and Alberto work in
the morn ing?

3. Tony works in London.

4. W here .. .... ......... ........ they work?


5..... ... ....... ... ...... Janet like her students?

4. Angela likes her job.

6. Where ....................... Helen live?


7. .. ............. ........ Angela like London?

5. Cheng and Ken study English.

8. When .... ...... ............ . you study?

fifty-one

51

D Write the sentences as Yes / No questions.


1. He works in a restaura nt.

5. They study English.

Does
work in a restaurant? .... ........
....... .. he
.. .......................................
2. You like books.

6. We like the pink sofa.

3. Janet lives in London .

7. Ken goes to t he cinema at t he weekend.

4. Cheng works in London.

8. Helen always has breakfast.

WORDS MEALS

10

A Listen, read and repeat.

have breakfast

have tea

have lunch

have dinner

B Listen and read.


When do you have breakfast?

Oh, I never have breakfast.

I have breakfast at seven o'clock.

C Answer the questions. Make them true for you and your partner.
Me
1. When do you have breakfast?
2. When do you have lunch?
3.

When do you have dinner?

PRONUNCIATION

11

A Listen and circle the word that sounds different.

1 . tea mea l ea rly


2 . t ired dinner nice
3. name cat late

4. w e bed ten

B Listen again and check your answers.


52 fifty-two

My partner

unit 6
READING

12

A Read about Andrew's day.

My name is Andrew. I
live in Sheffield. I don't
get up before seven o'clock in the morning. At half past
seven, I have a big English breakfast with sausages, eggs
and toast. I start work at half past eight. I've got a shop in Orchard
Square. Lunch is my big meal. I have lunch at one o'clock.

ANDREW'S DAY

At five o'clock in the afternoon, I have tea. I usually have a small


sandwich with my tea. Then at seven o'clock, I have dinner. I
sometimes go to the fish and chip shop and get a take-away dinner.
I love fish and chips!
After dinner, I like reading or watching TV. I go to bed very late,
and I usually wake up tired the next morning.

B Complete the chart about Andrew's day.


~

WHAT DOES HE HAVE?

MEAL

.~.

7.30

lunch

big meal

dinner

a meal, sometimes fish and chips

5.00

C Tick (/) the sentences below T (true) or F (false).


Andrew ...

'

1 . works in a shop.
2. usually has a small lunch.

3. always makes his dinner.


4. likes watching TV in the evening.

5. is usually tired in the morning.


._"J

LANGUAGE PRACTI CE pages 8283

53

WORD LIST

also
always
early
everyone
finish work
food
get home

get up
go to bed
lt's (five) o'dock
lt's half past (five)
lt's quarter past (five)
lt's quarter to (five)
lt's ten past (five)

midday
midnight
never
often
sometimes
start work
ti red

lt's ten to (five)


late
have breakfast
have dinner
havelunch
have tea
meal

VOCABULARY

tonight
usually
weekend

GRAMMAR

1 Look at the word list above and write the corred 3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in
expression for each picture.

brackets. Use the Present Simple negative.


1. Alberto .. 0.Q.!~t1'.tJi.~t; .. (like) Chinese food .

:._ <'

\..

1.

, 1 ...:.

3. My cats ............... ........ (eat) fish .

.....

.....

6~

2. You .. ............... ...... (work) ata school.

1. t:~l'.1..p.~~t. .fiY.! ... ....... ................. .. ............. .


2.

3.

4.

1 ..... ...... . .. .. ......

(have) lunch at 3 o'clock.

5. Helen .............. ....... .. (finish) work late.

4 Complete the sentences with do or does.


Do
1. ....... ................
you l.1ve .in a b"19 ho use.7
2 ........................ Alberto work o n Sunday?
3 ........................ Helen and Angela like t heir

4.

flat?

5 .................................... ............................ .

4 . .. ..................... Helen's dogs live in her flat?

6.

5. Where ....................... Cheng live?

2 Translate these sentences.


1 . 1 never have breakfast.

LISTENINC

5A
2.

1 usually

have lunch at work.

Listen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. l'm t ired .

b.

1 always

have

lunch.
3. Alberto sometimes has dinner at the
restaurant.

2. a. On Tuesdays.

b. At midnight.

3. a. lt 's half past one.

b. That's late!

4. a. At seven o'clock.

b. At Francisco's

4. Ken finishes work late.

Restaurant.
5. a.

1 get

up early.

b. Yes, 1 do.

B Listen and check your answers.

54 fifty-four

- - - - - - ( IT'S YOUR TURN J

=----.. . . .

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


KAREN: Let's have dinner at a restaurant this week.

JIM: That's a great idea!


KAREN: Do you like Japanese food?

JtM: No, 1don't. Sorry. And 1don't like Chinese

food, but 1like Mexican food.


KAREN: How about Thursday evening?

JtM: Sorry, but 1work on Thursday evenings.

How about Wednesday?


KAREN: OK, let's go on Wednesday evening.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour to make


the dialogue true for you. Act out your new
dialogue.

3 Ask three students the questions below and


write their answers.

What's your name?

When do you finish work?

Do you like Chinese food?

1.
2.

3.

DID VOU KNOW?

The most popular meal in Britain is an lndian meal chicken with curry. There are lnd ian and Chinese
restaurants or take-aways in nearly every town.
Ten thousand lndian restaurants serve two million
meals a week. Other popular ethnic foods are
Japanese, Tha i, ltalian, West lndian and Greek.

fifty-five

55

1 can drive.
1 Listen, read and repeat.
D

Angela, do you want to


go sh opping today?

Sure. We can b uy clothes


for Ch eng's party.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

ALBERTO:
KEN:
CHENG:
ALBERTO:

Hi, Ken . Listen - l'm late for work. Can you 1 ... .. ... 0.r.ix~ ........ me to the restaurant, please?
Sorry, 12 .. .... ....... .. .... .... . . 1can't drive beca use l've got a problem w ith my leg .
Hello.
Hello, Cheng. Listen, l'm late for 3 .... ........ .. .. ........ .
Ca n 4 ........................ drive me to the restaurant, please?

CHENG:
ALBERTO:
CHENG:

s ........ ...... ........ .. drive you there at seven o'clock.

But 1 start work at 6 .. ................... . .. .


Well, OK.

ALBERTO: Thank you !

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


1. STUDENT 1:
STUDENT 2:

56 fifty-six

Can you come to the party?


Yes, 1can. / No, 1can't.

2. STUDENT 1: Can you drive?


STUDENT 2:

Yes, 1can. I No, 1can 't.

unit 7
WORDS VERBS

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

B What goes with each verb?


Choose the correct answer.
1. drive a house !@
2. sing a song / dictionary
3. buy a book / brother

watch

sing

buy

4. cook lunch/ a restaurant

cook

S. watch dinner / TV
6. write an e-mail/ a party
7. dance with a cat / friend
8. speak Japanese I Japan

drive

write

dance

speak

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.

AFFIRMATIVE:

1can come to the party.


She can speak English.

NEGATIVE:

can+ verb

QUESTIONS:

Can you come to the party?


Can she speak English?

1can't come to the party.


She can't speak English.

can't + verb

SHORT ANSWERS:

Can . . . + verb ... ?

B Complete the sentences with

can or can't.

Yes, 1 can. / No, 1can't.


Yes, she can. I No, she can't.

C Tick (/} the column which is true for you.

1. Janet ..... .c~.n............. teach English.

Can you ... ?

2. Alberto and Carmen .. ...... ...... ......... .

1. write a letter in Engl ish

speak Spanish .
3. Children ............. ... .. .. .... buy a car.
4 . We're early for the lesson. We
........ .... ... .. ... .. .. have a cup of coffee.
S. ..... ..... .. ... .... .... . Cheng have dinner w ith us?

Yes, 1can.

No, 1can't.

2 . drive a car
3. cook Chinese food
4. speak ltalian
5. dance

D Tel l the class your answers.

6. Dogs ................... .... . cook food.


7. ... ... ..... .. ........... you speak Japanese?
8. Ken works at the weekend. He
.... ... ... ... ........ ... come to the party on
Saturday.

1 can write a letter in English,


but 1 can't cook Chinese food.

fifty-seven 57

PRONUNCIATION

6 Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the words in colour.
1.

3. Yes, 1can .

can speak English.

2. Can you drive a car?

4.

can't sing.

When's your birthday?


7 Listen, read and repeat.

1 can buy a birthday cake.


There's a great bakery
near rny flat.

8A

Tell them you can't work on


Friday. It's your birthday!

Listen and complete the dialogue.


1 ........ .. ~n

.......... Friday.

HELEN:

lt's Ken's birthday

CHENG:

2 ....................... . t he pa rty?

HELEN:

lt's on Friday nig ht, 3 .. ........ .. ...... ...... eight o'clock. Can you come?

CHENG:

Yes,

HELEN:

Can you 5 .......... .... ..........

CHENG:

6 ........... .. .... ........ 1 sing?

HELEN:

We want you to sing a song for Ken at the pa rty.

1 4 ...... .. .. ............ .. .
t

Cheng?

Yes, of course. Why?

B Listen again and .check your answers.


58 fifty-e ight

Can you come to the party?

unit 7
WORDS MONTHS OF THE YEAR

A Listen, read and repeat.


fanuary

February

August

September

March

April

October

May

]une

November

fuly

December

B Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: W hen's your birthday?

STUDENT 2: lt's in .. .. ........... ...... ... .

GRAMMAR

10

A Read the grammar box.


PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

IN

ON

on + day of the week:

AT

in + month / time of day:

at +time/ the weekend/ night:

My English lesson is on Monday.

My birthday is in January.

The lesson starts at six o'clock.

The test is on Tuesday morning.

The test is in the morning.

1go shopping at the weekend.


1watch TV at night.

B Write the words in the correct column.

th~g

hall past nine

Sunday morning

March

the weekend

Friday night

the afternoon

Wednesday

night

r.. .... . . ... ....~~. . . . . ... . . . .. ... .... . . . . . . . . ~~. . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . .... . .~~. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
the evening

C Complete the sentences with

11

on, in or at.

1. The party is .J?rl .. Thursday evening.

4. The doctor works ........ night.

2 . Our holiday is ........ August.

5. The lesson is ........ the afternoon.

3. Alberto always works ........ t he weekend.

6.

1 w ork

.. ..... . Tuesdays.

A Ask your partner these questions.


1.

When do you go shopping?

2.

When do you study English?

3.

When do you watch TV?

B Tell the class about your partner.

fifty-nine

59

WORDS PLACES IN THE CITY

12

A Listen, read and repeat.


bakery

cinema

hospital

pub

bank

clothes shop

B Match the activities to the places.


PLACE

ACTIVITY

60 sixty

1. buy a cake

...... a. cinema

2. read a book

...... b. clothes shop

3. watch a film

...... c. hospital

4. buy a dress

.. .... d. bank

5. buy a stamp

...... e. library

6. have a drink

...1..

7. see a doct or

.. .... g. post office

8. get money

...... h. pub

f. ba kery

library

post office

unit 7
C Write sentences about things you do and places you go, to using the words below.

pub

cook

cinema

library

watch TV

drive

bakery

dance

1. . !.?~~~. fW ~<?. .P.':-1. ~?. -~~ -~-~-~- ~~~~~".1.0:.............

5 . ....... .................................................... ...........

6 ............... ...... .. .......................... ............. .... .....

3 .... ..... .. .............................. ... ............... .... ....... .

7 . .................. ... .. ........................... ............. ...... .

4 ........ ... ... .. ..................... ... .... ..... ......... ............ .

8 ... ................ ..... ..... ... ..... ........ ............ ........... ...

READING

13

A Read about a London department store.

elfridges is a very famous department store in London.


Every year, millions of people go shopping there.
Selfridges is very big and beautiful. It has got eight
floors and it sells everything from clothes to computers. You
can also buy food from ali over the world at Selfridges Food
Hall. Selfridges has got many restaurants in the shop as well.
On the fifth floor, there is a hair and beauty salon. The average
customer spends 1.51 when he or she visits Selfridges. Today,
there are Selfridges stores outside London, so you can go
shopping in style in Manchester and in Birmingham, too.

B Answer the questions.


1. How many people go shoppi ng in Selfridges every year?

2. How many f loors has Selfridges got ?

3. What are three types of t hings you can buy at Selfridges?

4 . Where is t he hai r and bea uty salon?

5. How much money does the average customer spend at Selfri dges?

6. W here ca n you visit Selfridges stores?

LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 84-85

sixty-one

61

WORD LIST
April

car

February

May

pub

August
bakery

cinema

hospital

November

September

clothes shop

January

now

sing

bank

cook

birthday

dance

July

October

speak

Ju ne

party

su re

buy

December

library

post office

watch

cake

drive

March

problem

write

VOCABULARY

3 Answer the questions about you. Use

1 Look at the word list above and do the following.

Yes, 1 can. I No, I can't.


1. Can you cook Mexican food?

1. List tour places in the city.


bank
2. Can you speak Chi nese?

2. List two actions you do with your mouth.

3. Write an action you do w ith money.

3. Can you go to a party today?

4. Can you finish work at two o'clock in the


afternoon?

4. Complete w ith t he correct months of the year.


Janua ry, February, 1 .. .. .... . .. .. . .. . .. ... ,
2 . ... . ... . .. .. .. ... .... ,

May, Ju ne,

3 .. ... .... ... ... .. ..... , August, 4 ..... .. ...... ........ . ,

s..... .. ... .. .......... , 6 ......... . ...... . ..... , December.

4 Complete the sentences with on, in or at.


1. Our holiday is ..... ..".1.. ... ..... December.
2. The lesson is .. ..... ..... ...... Wednesday.
3. The party is ..................the evening.

CiRAMMAR

2 Complete the sentences with can or can't.


1. Hamsters .....<?.~.t:i.':L ... t alk.
2. A child .... ........ ...... sing.
3. Children .................. drive cars.
4. People ... .. .. .. ... ...... cook food.
5. Fish ....... .... ....... w alk .
6. You .. .... ............ buy food at a clothes shop.
7. People .......... ... .. ... have popcorn at the cinema.

4.

1 work

.......... ... .... . the weekend .

5. Tom starts school ......... ......... eight o'clock.

LISTENINCi

5A

Listen and choose the corred answer.


1. a. Yes, 1 can .

b. l'm late.

2 . a. Great idea!

b. Sorry,

3 . a. lt's in May.

b. lt's in the evening .

4 . a. No, 1 can't.

b. Yes, he can.

5. a. lt's on Monday.

b. lt can't come .

B Listen and check your answers.

62 sixty-two

can't.

unit 7

(
1 Listen and read the dialogue.
When's your birthday, Ben?

LINDA:

My bi rthday's in September.

BEN:

When's your bi rthday, Linda?


My birt hday's on Monday.

LINDA:

Real ly?

BEN:

Yes. Let's go to a pub.

LINDA:

No, let's have dinner at my flat.

BEN:

1 can cook an ltalian dinner.


OK, great idea. Thank you .

LINDA:

2 In pairs, change the words in colour.


Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students the questions below and write their answers.

'

Na me

Can you drive?

When's your birthday?

1.

2.
3.

DIO YOU KNOW?

Sorne English words are different in

Where are these people from?

1
:

British English and American English.


British English

American English

nought

zero

shop assista nt

salesperson

cooker

stove

f lat

apartment

film

movie

Let's ask the salesperson


how much this stove is.

Here's Mark's SMS.


The film's at 9 o'clock.

sixty-three 63

l'm doing my homework.


1 Listen, read and repeat.
Hi, Alberto! I'm doing my
English homework and 1
need your help.

Hi He len,

f1

-waiting for me in his car.


I'm just getting my jacket.

11

What are you doing?


A:re you watching TV?
A:re you reading a book?

Hi, Carmen. I don't


know how to do my
English homework.
Please help me.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

JANE"'
,; Le t 's see. Wh at 's everyone 1. .. .. .. ..doing
.... .. .. ...... now./ Ch eng./
CHENG: l'm speaking to you. We're 2 .... ...... .. .... ...... . .. English .
JANET: Ken, what 3 ....... .................. you doing?
KEN: l' m 4 . .. .. ... .. ......... ... ... a letter to my friend .
JANET: What about you? s ...... ................... are you doing, Alberto?
ALBERTO: l'm reading my homework. lt's not very good.
JANET: Where 's Carmen?
CHENG: Carmen isn't in class.
JANET: What's she 6 ...... ........... ... .. ... ?
CHENG: She's 7 ... ..... .. ... ....... .. .. . . Carmen

s..... ......... ........... working at the clothes shop this morning.

B Listen again and check your answers.


No, I'm not. I'm working
on my English homework.
But I c an't do it!

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1:
STUDENT 2:

64 sixt y-four

Are you watching TV?


Yes, 1am . / No, l'm not.

unit8
WORDS VERBS

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

sleep

clean

run

go out

play

meet

wait

help

B Match the phrases in columns 1 and 11 to make sentences according to the pictures in A.
11

1. She is sleeping

..... . a. to a pub.

2. She is cleaning

...... b. for the train.

3. He is running

.. .... c. a friend w ith her homework.

4. They are going out

...1. ..

5. We are playing

.... .. e. in t he park.

6. 1am meeting

.. .... f. games on the computer.

7. He is waiting

...... g. my business partner.

8. You are helping

...... h. the car.

d. in her bed.

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
AFFIRl!i

..,.,
am working.

yo u
we

are working.

2. Helen ...................... ... having lunch with Angela at the moment.


3. Cheng and Alberto .. .. ..................... runn ing.

5. 1 ......................... work ing in London.


6. You .... .. ................ ... reading a good book.

he
it

1. We ......... ~!.~....... .... st udying ltalian.

4. Alberto ....... .. ..... .. ......... waiting for me.

they

she

B Complete the sentences below using am, is orare.

7. The film .... .... ................. start ing now.


is working.

8. Shhh ! Carmen ...... .. .......... ... .. .. sleeping.

sixty- five 65

6A

Read the grammar box.

C Complete t he sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the


Present Cont inuous.

SPELLING

1. Janet ... .i.!?.~~?!~hl~.g ... (teach) her English class at t he moment.


wait

waiting

live

living

put

putting

2. Helen and her dogs ...... .. ................. (sleep) on the sofa .


3. Ken ........... .. .. ... .... .. . (run) in the park.
4. You .. ......... ........... ... (work) very hard today.

B Add -ing to the verbs.


1. drive

>

2. run

>

3. meet

>

4. have

>

5. write

>

6. get

>

....0T[v_ing..... ..... .

5.

1 .........................

(phone) Angela now.

6. The TV programme ........................ . (start) right now.


7. We ............ ..... ....... . (watch) TV at the mo ment.

This m~tch is boring.


7 Listen, read and repeat.
D

Where are you, Cheng?


We're watching the
football match.

66 sixty-six

This match is boring.


Nothing is happening.

unit8

8A

Listen and complete the dialogues.


KEN:

CARMEN:
KEN:
CARMEN:

KEN:

Hi, Carmen. Do you want to go to the 1...... .q i ~.Y.i:n.a....... ?


No, sorry. l'm watching the football match right
Oh, l'm not watching it. lt's so boring.
Well, Cheng isn't 3 ..... .. .. . .. ...... ... .... the game. Call him.
Hi, Cheng . lt's very noisy.
4 ...... ............. ..... .

CHENG:

KEN:
ALBERTO:

2 .... . . . . . ... . ........... . .

you watching the football match?

No, l'm not. l'm s.... ..... .... ........... . my flat.


Hi, Alberto. What are you doing?
l'm 6_ .. .. ...... .... ..... ..... football with friends .

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.

B Write the sentences in the negative.

CONTINU~us -

1.

1 am

having breakfast at home.

1_ a.~. ~p~. ha.Y..~g ..~r.~.-~f'!l.S.t. ~- _h.O.t?'.1~: ....... .


NEGATIVE:

1am not sleeping

2. You are listening to me.


l'm not sleeping

yo u

we

3. My friends are going out now.


are not sleeping

aren't sleeping

they

4. Ken is cooking dinner right now.


he
she
it

is not sleeping

isn't sleeping

5. My parents and 1 are waiting for you.

6. The children are playing with their puppy.

C Imagine it's eight o'clock in the evening. Describe the things your family and friends are doing right now.

lt.'.~.~!ght. .9.'.q)~qk ..t:i..~h~. e.v.en!ng: .MY .f?!t.he.r !!'.? ...... :................ .... .......... .. .. .... ........ ... .... .. .... ... ......... ... .. ... .. .

sixty-seven 67

10

A Read the grammar box.

B Put the words in the correct order.

1. listening I to music I you I are / ?

PRESENT-" CONTINUOUS

.~r~.Y.9.~ )i_s:~~n lng .t.9. Xl.1.\J.~i.c? ................ ...


;

Am 1helping?

2. are I buying I they / the / blue / sofa /?

Yes, 1 am. /
No, l'm not.

3. Carmen I waiting I is I far I us / ?

you
Are

we

helping?

Yes, they are. /


No, they aren't.

they

4. you / are I English I spea king I ?

he
Is

she

helping?

Yes, she is. I

5. is/ singing I Ken / right now / ?

No, she isn't.

it

WORDS ADJECTIVES

11

A Listen, read and repeat.

happy

sad

noisy

quiet

fast

slow

boring

interesting

B Complete the sentences with the words in A.


1.

1 d on 't l'k
1 e

very .............
boring
e1ean1ng
my h ouse. 1ts
........... f or me.

2. People are usually ................ .. ...... . w hen they are sleeping .


3. He runs a kilometre in three minutes. He is a very ......................... runner.
4. lt's sometimes .......... .... .. .. ....... in the classroom beca use we talk to our friends.
5.

1 like

watching faotball matches. They're always .................... ..... .

6. Hurry up! Don 't be so ........ .. ................ We don't w ant to be late far school.
7. l'm always ...... ........ .. ......... on my birthday.

have so much fun w ith my friends .

8. Helen is .......... ............. .. beca use she can't find her hamster.

68 sixty-eight

unit 8
PRONUNCIATION

12

Listen, read and repeat. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the verbs in colour.
1.

The students are studying .

4.

2.

Are you ta lking to me?

5.

Is he listening to us?

3.

We are having lunch.

am waiting for you.

READING

13

A Read the text about cricket.

B Tick (/) the sentences T (true) or F (false).

Cricket
The English love cricket! It is a very
old game, but it is very popular today.

1 . Many people in England love cricket.


2. Cricket is a new game.

3. Cricket players can stop the game


to have lunch.

4 . There are five players in a team.

5. One cricket player t hrows a bat.


6. The player with the bat hits the ball.

C Correct the false sentences in B.

t takes a long time to play a cricket game.


People can play from the morning until
the afternoon. The players often stop for
lunch and tea and start playing again. People
sometimes play one game for five days!

In cricket, there are two teams. Each team


has got 11 players. The teams play on a big
pitch. One player throws a hall. A player
from the other team hits the hall with his
bat. Then he runs very fast. The team with
the most "runs" wins the game.
People in other English-speaking countries,
for example, Australia, South Africa and
New Zealand, play cricket. lt is also a very
popular sport in India and Pakistan.

LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 86-87

sixty-nine 69

WORD LIST
fast

interesting

nothing

sad

at the moment

football match

just

on my way

sleep

ball

go out

letter

play

slow

any more

boring

happen

meet

quiet

wait

clean

happy

need

right now

What's wrong?

Don't worry

help

noisy

run

3 Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.

VOCABULARY

1 Look at the word list above and do the

1. You are doing your homework.

A.rn .Y.o.u..d.o.ing. your .h.om.1;:.w.o.rkf. ................... .

following exercises.
1. List two actions people usually do in their
home.

2. Bob is meet ing his friends right now.

3. Kate and Dan are having tea now.

2. List t wo actions people do outside their


home.

3. List two pairs of adjectives that are


opposites.

4. We are listening to music.

5. 1 am driving t o the cinema at the moment.

1. ....... ....... ........... - ................. ..... .. .

2.... ............. .. .. ..... - ... .................... ..

GRAMMAR

6. You and Mike are watching the footba ll match.

LISTENING

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Continuous.

4A

Listen and choose the correct answer.

1. Be quiet. Robert .... i~.~ l~.~p..ing .... (sleep).

1. a. Yes, he does.

b. No, he isn't.

2.

2. a. We're playing

b.

1 .................. .......

(not talk) to you !

3. The children ................... ...... (run) to school


at t he mo ment.
4. Linda ............... ....... ... (clean) her bedroom

football.

get up at five

o'clock.

3. a.Ata pub.

b. She's noisy.

4. a. Yes, we can.

b. Yes, 1 am.

5. a. No, it's interesting.

b. No, it's sad.

right now.
5. We ...... .... .. ............. (write) an e-mail now.

B Listen and check your answers.

6. Mike ........... ...... ........ (not study).


7. You ....... ... .. .... ... ...... (not listen) to me!
8 . My friends and

1 . .. ......... . . .. ... . .....

a restaurant rig h~ now.

70 seventy

(go out) to

unit 8

IT'S YOVR TVRN

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


KATE:

Hi, Sam. l'm doing my homework and


1 need your help.

SAM:

Sorry, Kate, but 1am cleaning my flat


right now.

KATE:

Oh, is Dan t here?


Can he help me?

SAM:

No, Dan isn't here. He's running


in the park. But Mike is here.
He's doing his homework, too .

2 In pairs, change the words in colour.


Act out your new dialogue.

3 Imagine it's nine o'clock in the evening .


Ask three students the questions below and write their answers.

Na me

What are you doing?

DIO VOU KNOW?

The most popular sports in Australia are cricket, swimming


and Australian football . In Canada, they like golf and ice
hockey. In the Un ited States, they love baseball. Basketball
and American football are very popular, too. The British
love football, rugby and cricket. Which sports are the most
popular in your country?

What are your friends doing?

UNIT 1 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Write the answers in words.

4 Complete the sentences with am, is or are.

= ..........t.~.".1...... ....
one + seven = ....................... ..

1 . six + four

1. W here .. j'.?_ he from?

2.

2. Angela ...... from ltaly.

3. two + two = ....................... ..

3. 1 ...... from England.

4. five - f ive = ... .. .... ...... ..... .... .

4. .. .... you from Japan?

= ........................ .
four + five = .........................

5. eight - six

5. Where ...... you from?

6.

6. ..... . they Chinese?

7. seventeen - t hree = .. .... ...... ..... ... .. . ..

= .........................
thirteen - one = ................. ....... .

8. ninet een - four


9.

7. We ...... English.
8. lt ...... 020 8572 9344.

5 Write the contractions.

1O. eighteen - seven = ...... .... .. ...... .. .... .

1. What is this in English?

2 Match the words in A to the answers in B.


B

1. Good evening .

.. .. .. a. Helio, Carmen!

2. Hi, Janet!

..J...

3. W hat's your

.... .. c.

name?

b. Good evening.

from?

2. You are my friend.

3.

lt is a desk.

l'm from Greece.

...... d. lt's 020 8572

4. Where are you

.W.~~.'t-'.!?. J~.i.E?..i.n ..E.1'.1.gJJ~h?. .. ..... ..................... .

4. What is your phone number'

9354.
... ... e. My name's

5. What's your

5.

1 am

fin e, thanks.

Alberto.

phone number?

3 Complete the sentences with the words below.


evening Hi ~
Good please

number

6 Write the sentences in the negative.


1. l'm from Spain.

!'.~. -~~~ .f'..<?.1!1..~P~!~: ... ................ ............... .


2. She is Greek .

1. W hat's you r ......l'.1.~.~~ .......... ?


2. ..... ....... ...... ....... , l'm Cheng.

3. lt is a notebook.

3. .... ........ ...... .. ..... afternoon.


4. What's your phone .... .. ............ ....... ?

4. You are Alberto.

5. What's your address, ..... ............. ....... ?


6.

Good .... ... ................. . , Angela.

5. He is my friend.

6. They are ltalian.

72 seventy- two

UNIT 1 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

9 What's the country? Then write the nationality.

7 Put the words in the correct order.

1 . eeercg

1. Ken / Japan I from / Is/ ?

= Gr.~.~~~ ......... -

.....G.rn~k.... ... ..

= !. .... .. .......... ...... - ... .... ...... ...... .. ..


niaps = 5...... .. ........ .. ...... - .... ...... ..... ... ... ..

2. yatil

.l.~..K:~.t:i.fr9n-i.~~ p~_n?. .... .... ... .............. .... .... .

3.
2. you /Are I a I student I ?

4. hcani = C. .... ... .......... ...... - ..... ................ ..


5. d lngane

3. Janet / your / name / Is/?

= E.. ............. ......... -

.. .. ...... ..... ....... .

6. pnaaj = J.. ... ..... ......... ..... - ...... .... ............ .


7. xmieoc

4. teacher I a I Is I she I ?

10

= M .......... ... ...... ..... -

..... .......... ....... .

Choose the correct answer.


1. Hi! My name's Alex.

5. they /Are/ Mexican / ?

Nice to meet you, Alex.

b. l'm from London, Alex.


2. How are you?

8 Do the puzzle and find the hidden word.

a. l' mAlex.
b. Fine, thanks .

3. What's your phone number?


a. lt's 020 891 e; 3075 .

b . What's 020 89 15 3075?

4. What's this?
a. Th is is fine.
b. lt's a chair.

5. Are you from London?


a. Yes, she is.
b. Yes, 1 am.

11

Translate the sentences.


1. 1am English .

2. lt's a book .

,n

3. Helen is from Greece.


1

4. l'm fine, thanks.

3
1

5. Good afternoon, students.

5
1

6 . What's your address?


7

+
The new word is ...... ......... ....... .. .
seventy-three 73

UN IT 2 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the jobs with a, e, i, o or u.


1. w

a. 7 x 1o=

-- j_t ~ _r_

2. d

5 Write the answers in words.


b.

ct

.......!:?.l;:Y~ntY.....
6 X 6 = ...................... ..

3. p_l_c _ w _m_ n

c. 100 - 5 =

4. r _ c _ p t _ _ n _ s t

d. 5

6. b _ s _ n _

7. h

rdr

8. s h _ p

ss m

f.

= ...................... ..

40 = .............. .. ...... ..

g. 100 - 75

ss
ss

e. 30 + 20 = .. ...... .............. ..

ctr_c _ _ n

5.

.... " ............. "" .

st

nt

2 Match the pronouns in A to the possessive


adjectives in B.

= ............... ........ .

h. 100 - 22= ....................... .

= ....................... .

i.

6X7

J.

9x9= .. ............... ...... .

6 Match the questions in A to the answers in B.

1. he

.. .. .. a. their

2. she

...... b. its

1. What's your address?

3. it

.. .. .. c.

2 . How old are you?

4. we

...... d. your

3 . Are you a shop assistant?

5. they

.. .1..

4 . What's her job?

6.

.... .. f.

7. you

my

e. his
her

5. How o ld is David?

.. .... g. our

3 Complete the sentences with the correct

B
.... .. a.

He's 33 years old.

possessive adjective.

...1 ..

1. Hi! ... MY .. name is Angela Caruso.

.. .... c.

No, l'm not. l'm a receptionist.

2. What's .......... job? Are you a hairdresser?

.. ... . d.

l'm 22 years old .

3. Look ! That's Angela and .......... boyfriend,

...... e.

She's an English teacher.

Tony.
4. That's Ken and that's .. ...... .. teacher, Jan et.
5. l'm Carmen. What's .. .. .. .... name?

4 Complete the sentences with a or an.

b . lt's 44 Pimlico Road .

7 Translate the sentences.


1. What's your address?

2. How old are you?

1. Janet is ....'!l.~... English teacher.


2. Angel a is .......... receptionist far a doctor.

3. What's your job?

3. David is .. ........ electrician.


4. Her boyfriend is ..... .... . businessman.

4. Are you a doctor?

5. Ken is ........ .. waiter.


6. lt's .......... ltalian restaurant.

74 seventy-four

5. She is a hairdresser.

UNIT 2 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

10

8 Write the sentences in the plural.

A Write the day of the week. Then number


the days in the correct order.

1. He is a waiter.

..J...

ThvY. ~rn .'?! it:vrn: ............... ... .................... .


2. This is a French dictionary.

3.

4. Is she a student?

11
5. That is a chair.

1 am

b.

ndyaus = S.................... .

c.

dfiray = F. .............. ......

d.

f.

= T. ................. ...
truaydsa = S.. ........... ..... ...
sendewyad = W .... ...... .......... .

g.

ayseutd =T. .. ... ....... .. .... ..

htrudsya

Complete the sentences with the words


below.

waiter
6.

yandmo

e.

am from Eng land.

= M.Q.tJ~.ii!Y. ... .

a.

job

o)<

Sunday

her

1. How ........ P!d ........ are you? Are you thirty?

nota doctor.

2. He is a ............ .... .. ... in a Chinese


restaurant.

9 Complete the sentences with this, that, these

3. Angela is ltalian .. ........... ......... boyfriend is


ltalian, too .

or those.
1.

........Thi~ ..... ...

is my friend .

4. W hat's your ............... ...... 7 Are you a


doctor?
5. Carmen is at home on .............. ....... .

2.

Look! .................... 's

12

Alberto.

Complete the puzzle.


1. .. .... are students.

2. forty - th irty-five

3.

= ......

3. a country in America

Excuse me, w hat's

4.

............. ...... .. .. in English?

Wednesday, ...... , Friday

5. the plural of te/ephone


6. the plural of dictionary
4.

Jane, ....................... are


my parents.

2f
3M

5.

4T

Look! ... .. .................. are my

st

friends.
16 d

6.

Where are ................... .. ..


books from?

seventy-five 75

UNIT 3 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Match the words in A to their pairs in B.


A

5 Complete the sentences with a / an or some.


1. ......0.~.. .. .. aunt

4 . ............... flat

1. mother

... ... a. son

2. coffee

5. ............... electrician

2. brother

...... b. wife

3 . house

6 . time

3. husband

...... c. sister

4. grandmother

...... d. aunt

1 . We've got sorne / any water.

5. uncle

.. Le. father

2.

Have you got sorne / any children?

6. daughter

.. .... f. grandfather

3.

1 haven't

2 Complete the sentences with have got or


has got.

6 Choose the correct answer.

got sorne / any homework today.

4. Look at sorne I any photos.


5. They haven't got sorne/ any money.

1. The students ..... h~Y'.e..g.ot... .. books.


2. We ............... .. .. .. ... three children.

7 Look at the picture. Complete the sentences.


Use the Saxon genitive.

3 . Angela ........................ a boyfriend.


4. You .......... .............. brown eyes.
5. Alberto .................... .... three uncles.
6.

1 ...... .. ... ... .. ......

a sister.

3 Write the sentences in the negative.


1. Susan has got t wo sisters.

S.u.!'?.~.n h~.~.n't. got. .t.w.o.~if.t.~.rn . ....... ......... .


2.

Paul has got grandchildren.

.
.1s ............
Marv's
1. S1mon
:.L....... hus ban d .
3 . We have got 15 students in our class.

2. Ruth and James are Mary and


.......... .... .......... ch ildren .
3. Ruth is ........................ sister.

4. You have got blue eyes.

4. James is ...................... .. brother.


5. Mary is ........... ... .......... w ife.

4 Put the words into the correct order.

6. Simon and Mary are James and


................ ....... . parents .

1. you / Have / got / boyfriend /a / ?


.H?.V.~. YQW. gq")< .?. . P.9.YfrJt{n~?. ............... .. ...... .
2. got / children / three / We've /.

3. any I children I haven 't I 1 I got I.

4. sisters I Have I got I any I you I ?

76 seventy-six

8 Complete the colours with a, e, i, o or u.


1. y

___

11

_Q_W

5. p_rpl_

2. bl

6. _r _ng_

3. gr _ _ n

7. wh -

4.

8. bl

br

wn

tck

UNIT 3 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

9 Write the words in the correct places.


hair

fJ?

arm

hand

nose

mouth

ear

Jeg

foot

finger

1... ... ... ..~Ye.... .... .


2 . ... .... .......... ... .. ..

3 .. ..... ...... ..... ...... .

" " "" " -~:.-

g ....

11

Match the questions in A to the answers in B.


A

1 . Has she got a boyfriend?

2. Have they got any ch ildren 7

. . .... . . fJ

3. What colour is his ha ir?

. ..... ...... g

4. What colour are her eyes?


5. Are you married?

4 ................ .........

6. Is she married?

5 .. ................... .. ..

6 ...... .............. .. .. .

.. .... a. No, she isn't.

7 . ..... .. .. .............. .

. .. ... b. Yes, 1am.

8 ... .... ... ... ........... .

..... . c.

9 .. ....... .. .......... ... .

lt's brown .

.... .. d. No, they haven't.

10......... .... .. ........ ..

...1. .. e. Yes, she has .


.. .... f.

12

They're blue.

Translate the sentences.


1. Are you married?

2. Have you got any children ?

10

Choose the correct answer.

3. 1haven't got any sisters.

1. Have you got any children?

a. l've got three sisters.

4. l've got a boyfriend .

@No, 1haven't.
2. Are you married?

5. She's got sorne photos.

a. Yes, 1am.
b. No, 1haven't.

6. What colour is your hair?

3. How are you?


a. l'm ten .
b. l'm fine.
4. Has she got blue eyes?
a. Yes, she has.
b. No, she likes purple .
5. How old are they?
a. They're eight years old.
b. They're Mexican.

seventy-seven 77

UN IT 4 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Match the adjectives in A to their opposites in B.


A

4 Find eight animals in the puzzle and list them.


h (r

t)

1. tall

a. ugly

2. beautiful

b. small

3. young

c. fat

4. big

d. short

5. blonde

e. old

6. thin

f.

dark

2 Choose the correct sentence.

1. .. .... .r.qi.~~.i:t.. .....

5 ............... .. ........

1. a. She's got eyes beautiful.

2 ........................ .

6 ........................ .

@ She's got beautiful eyes.

3 ....................... ..

7 ................. ...... ..

4 ....................... ..

8 . ...................... ..

2. a. He's got long hair.


b. He's got hair long.

3. a. Mrs Brown is a tall.


b. Mrs Brown is tall.
4. a. Robert is very beautiful.

b. Robert is very good-looking.

5. a. She's very thin.


b. She's thin very.

3 Put the words into the correct order.


1. fantastic / dictionary / is I This / a

!~ .~ ..!?..~..'.~ ~~~~~.~..0..<?~!~~~:X: ................. .


2. Susan's / got / hair / blonde

5 Complete the sentences with There is I


There isn't or There are/ There aren't. Make the
sentences true for you.
1. T.~~'..~.~t~./.Th~~!"..~'..~.~'.~ ten students in
my class.
2......................... a student from Spain in
my class.
3 ......................... a dictionary in my bag.
4 ......................... sorne apples in my bag.
5......................... a pen in my hand.
6 ............... .......... five cats in my house.

6 Complete the questions with How much or


Howmany.

3. is/ John's / beautiful / wife

1. .f:19.W.n!~~h ....... coffee is there?


2 .................. ....... friends have you got?

4. are I My / eyes / green

3 .................. .... ... money has Ken got?


4 ......................... students are there at your

5. young / a / He I is I man

school?
5. ........................ is this desk?

6. got / daughter / young I She's I a

78 seventy-eight

UNIT 4 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

7 Match the questions in A to their answers


in B.

9 Complete the sentences with the words below.


kittens

m~

1. How much are these pens?

snakes

tall

old

puppies
small

1. Dan isn't young and he isn't old.


He's ..~.i.0.0.1.~.~?.g~0 .. .

2. How many chairs have you got?


3.

blonde

2. How many .......... .............. has your cat got?

Is there any coffee on the table?

4. Are there any pets in your home?

3. Kate's ha ir isn't dark. lt's ...... ......... ......... .

5. How much water have you got?

4. Hamsters are ........................ anima Is.

5. Sharon isn't short. She's very ............ ............ .

6. ... ..................... haven't got any arms or legs.

a. Six.

7. My dog has got six ........ .............. .. .

b. No, there aren't.

c.

...1...

8. Our cat is ................. ........ He's twelve yea rs

Yes, there is.

old!
d. One pound .

...... e.

haven't got any.

8 Translate the sentences.


1. Dan is good-looking.

10

Choose the correct answer.


1. This is my sister, Kate.

Wow!

She's beautiful

b. You've got long hair.


2. He's tall and thin.

2. These hamsters are fat.

a. Is he good-looking, too?
b. Is he short, too?
3. She's got long hair.

3.

My brother is middle-aged.

a. Is it young?
b. Is it blonde?

4. How much homework have you got?

4. How much is this fish?


a. He's a year old.
b. Five pounds.

5. Our daughter has got long brown hair.


5. How many cats have you got?
a. Four.
6. How many puppies has your dog got?

b. They live in my garden.


6. Excuse me, have you got any hamsters?

7. John's kitten has got green eyes.

a. Yes, we've got kittens.


b. Yes, they're here.

8. Excuse me, how much is this fish?

seventy-nine

79

UNIT 5 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the sentences with live / lives,

4 Do the puzzle. Use the pictures.

like I likes or work I works.


1

1. They ...... .J.ix~ ...... in a big house.

2. Brad .................. in a small restaurant.

3. 1.......... ........ your bedroom. lt's beautiful !

4. Angela .................. in a flat.


5. We .................. these curtains.

6. Janet .................. at a language school.

2 Complete the places around the house with


a, e, i, o or u.

thr

3. k

tch

1. b ___ dr ----

2. b

m
m

4. 1_ v _ ng-r _ _ m

5. d _ n _ ng-r _ _ m

Across-+

6. g _ r _ g_

7. t

8. g _ rd _ n

3 Match the ordinal numbers to the cardinal


numbers.
CARDINAL

ORDINAL

1. one

a. tenth

2. two

b. eighth

3. three

c.

4. four

d. nint h

5. five

e. th ird

6. six

f.

7. seven

g. sixth

8.

eig ht

...1...

fourth

h. f irst
fifth

1O. ten

j.

seventh

11. eleven

k.

twelfth

12. twelve

l.

eleventh

80 eighty

El

second

i.

9. nine

Down

~~
-~

UNIT 5 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

8 Translate the sentences.

5 Complete the chart.


1 / You I We I They

He I She / lt

1. li ke

1.

1 like

coffee.

2.

1 li ke

reading books in the garden.

likes

2. read

3. do
4. da nce

3. This cupboard is ugly.

5. w atch
6. get

4. Where is t he toilet?

7. f inish

8. love
5. We live in a small flat.

9. go
1O. study

6. Let's go to t he f ifth f loor.

11. t each
12. live

7. Have you gota dining-room?

6 Complete the sentences with the co rrect form


of the verbs below.

study

go

work

teach

ljl&

8.

like your curta ins.

read

1. Janet ........ 1.i.~~~ ........ Brit ish food.


2. Helen ...................... . English at a language
school.

9 Choose the correct answer.


1. W here do you live?

3. Alberto and Ken ....................... in


restaurants.
4. Carmen ............. .......... to a computer class

G)

1 live

in a small flat.

b.

1 like

London.

2. Have you gota garden?


a. lt's in t he living-room.

on Mondays.
5. Janet ............ ........... English at a language

b. Yes, 1 have.
3. Where's Ann ?

school.
6. 1 ... ...... ..... .. ....... books in Japanese in the

a. lt's on the sixth f loor.


b. She's in t he kitchen.

evenings.

4 . Do you like this lamp?

7 Complete the sentences with the words below.


ltalian food

going

lifals

listening

1. Ken ...... .. !! ~.~.!?........ his job.


2.

like ....................... .

a. Yes, it's nice.


b lt's bl ue.
5. Where are t he frid ges?
a. They're ugly.
b. They're on t he second floor.

3. Carmen likes .............. ......... to shops.


4. We li ke ............... .. .. .. .. to jazz music.

eighty-one 81

UNIT 6 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Write the adverbs of frequency in the correct

4 Write the sentences in the negative.

places.
sometimes never
often
usually
100%

a~s

.......~1-~a.Y.~ ... ... .

1. He gets up early.
.H~ .do.~!?.n't. g~t. .up. .~..;;1.rJy... ..... .....................

2. 1start work in the morn ing .

3. Angela and Tony go out in t he evening.

4 . Janet reads in the evening.


0%

2 Write the times in words.


a. 6. 15

. q_~~.r:1=:~.t:. P.a.~~.?.l>:<................

5. Our chi ldren live in London.

6. Alberto gets up very late.

b. 7.45

c. 9.30
d.

10.00

e.

11 .15

f.

1.1 o

7. Carmen goes to bed early.

8. We get home at six o'clock.

g. 3.30
h. 5.50

3 Write the times in numbers.

5 Complete the questions with do or does.


1. ........ P.o.~.~......... Alberto work in t he morning?
2. .. ... .................... you like your job?

1. quarter past eig ht .. ......8.J5 ..........

3. .. ....................... your parents live in London?

2. midn ight ........................ .


4. ......................... you get up early?
3. quarter to two ....................... ..
5. When ......... .. .............. your teacher start work?
4. four o'clock ....................... ..
6 . ......................... Carmen usually have breakfast?
5. ten to seven .... ............ ...... .. .

7. .. ....................... your boyfriend work?

6. half past nine ........................ .


8. When ......................... the lesson start?
7. quarter to six ........................ .
8.

midday ........ .......... ...... .

9 . ten past ten .. .. .. .... .............. .


10. eleven o 'clock ........................ .

82 eighty-two

UNIT 6 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

6 Write the sentences as Yes / No questions.

8 Complete the chart with the words below.


often

1. He listens to t he radio .

get up

breakfast

P9.Y.~. h~.. 1.i~~~t1 .t.9. .th~. r.~.~. ip?_ ...... ............. .

dipt{er

start work

sometimes
always

lunch

go to bed

2. Ken works in a restaurant.

Mea Is

Daily
Routines

Adverbs
of Frequency

3. Angela and Tony have dinner at eight.


d inner
4. Janet teaches English.

5. Helen studies English.

9 Complete the sentences with the words below.


6. You have tea at mid night.

quarter

tonight

finish

Fridays

I{e

1. l'm tired because 1 go to bed

7 Look at the pictures below and answer the

late

questions in words.

2.

1. When does he have lunch?

usually ..... ...... ........... ... work at mid night.

3. lt's ........ ................. past four.

.H~. h0.~. !!.1t19.h .?.t. .~.<il.l.f.p.?.~t: .9.nt,::.................. .

4. Let's have dinner at a restaurant

2. When does he have breakfast?


5.
3. When does he have dinner?

10

don't work on ....... .................. .

Translate the sentences.


1.

1 fi nish

work at eleven o'clock.

4. When does he have tea?


2. She always goes to bed very late.
07:00

19:30

3. What t ime is it?

4. lt's half past six.

5. When do you usua lly have breakfast ?

6. He doesn't have lunch at home .


16:00

13:30

7. You never get up very early.

8. Alberto gets home late.

eighty- three 83

UNIT 7 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the verbs w ith a, e, i, o or u.

4 Put the months of the year and the days of


the week in the correct chart. Write them in
the correct order.

1. w-- tch

2. s _ ng

QJ;kff)er

3. b_ y

january

4. e

july

August

December

April

September

5. dr _ V _

Saturday
6. d

ne

7 . wr

February
lv!arch

~
Sunday

lv!ay

Tuesday
Thursday
Friday

Wednesday

]une

November
Months of the Year

8. sp _ _ k

2 Use the words below to write sentences that


are t rue for you.
October

can
can't

drive

ltalian food

cook

opera

speak

an e-mail

sing

a car

w rite

Spanish

Days of the Week

Monday
1. ! . (;!'.1.!..0!'.l.t:iJ.?.P.~~~..~P.!t11?.h: .......... ...........

2 . ........................ .................. ............. .. .... .... ..

3 ....... ......... ............................ .. ... ......... ... ... .. ..


4 ........ .................................. ......................... .

5 . . ...... ................. ................... .... .... .. ............. .

3 Put the words in the correct order. Then answer

5 Choose the correct answer.


1. Peter's birthday party is on March /
(wednesday).

the questions to make them true for you.


1. you / Can I Japanese I speak / ?

(~. ~..YC?.~..f?P.t?~.k . ~~ P~.t:l~~~?, .............. .. ....... .


Yes, 1can . I No, 1ca n't.

2. Our holiday is in Friday / June.


3. The English test is on Monday morning /
April.
4. My computer class is in the afternoon /

2. cook / your father / Ca n/ dinner /?

Sunday.
5. Anne's birthday is in Tuesday / September.
6.

3. your friend s /da nce/ Can/?

My English lesson is on July /


Thursday afternoon .

7.

do my homework at the weekend /

Sunday.
4. a book I write / you / Can / ?

8. The lesson starts at the morning /


half past n ine.

84 eighty-four

UNIT 7 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

6 Find eight places in the city in the puzzle and

8 Choose the correct answer.

write them under the correct picture.


1 . Do you want to go dancing?
(c

p)

Yes, 1do.
b. No, l'm not.

2. Can you come to the party?


a. l'm late.
b. No, 1can't.

3. Can you cook English food?


a. 1 like it.
b. Yes, 1can.
4.

When's your birthday?


a. lt's in December.
b. lt's on Tuesday morning.

5. Let's go to the cinema.


a. No, let's go to hospital.

2 ....................... ..

b. No, let's go to a restaurant.

9 Translate the sentences.


1. We can speak English.

3 . .. ..................... .

4 ............... ... .......

"' ~ '

~~

2. 1 can't come to the party.

:~?
3. Can you dance?

5 ....................... ..

6.......... .............. .
4. My birthday's in August.

7 .............. .......... .

<:J>k

on

dance

6.

Let's have a party on Sunday.

7.

Do you dance at the pub?

8.

1watch TV at the weekend.

buy

1. 1 can .... ......'1PP.~ ....... dinner far you.


2.

1can buy a birthday cake.

8.

7 Complete the sentences with the words below.


birthday

5.

You can ............... ......... popcorn at the ci nema.

3 . Do you ........................ at parties?


4. My .. .... ......... ......... is in May.
5. The lesson is ........................ Thursday morning.

eighty-five 85

UNIT 8 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the sentences with am, is or are.


1. Ken and Cheng ..... ..~.~~ ...... eating right

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Conti nuous.
1. Angela and you ... ~r~.Wr!~i.".1.'3. ... (writ e) an

now.

e-ma il.

2. Angela ...... .... ........ wa iting for me at


school.
3.

2.

1 ........ .. . .......

w o rk ing right now.

now.
4. Helen ......................... (not clean) the flat at
the moment.

the moment.
6. Alberto and

1 .. . .. . ......... ...

(watch) TV right now.

3 . The dog ......................... (not eat) its food

4. You ..... ... .. ...... .. tal kin g to me.


5. Carmen .................. not read ing a book at

1 ........... .... . .. .......

not having

5. We .... .. ........... ........ (study) for an English


test.

d inner now.
7. The cat .................. slee ping right now.

6. Cheng ...... ............. ...... (drive) to work right


now.

8. We .................. listening t o music.

7. You ... ... ... .... .. ..... ..... (not help) me.

2 What's the verb?


1

plees

8.

at the pub .

........~!~~P ........

2. pleh

3. yalp

. ........................

4. teem

5. og tuo

................. ........

6. nclae

...... ........... ........

7. nru

8. tiaw

............. ............

5 Write the sentences as Yes / No quest ions.


1. You are listening to me.

(\~~ .YC?.1:1..1.i~~~~i.".1.g..~q. m.~? .......................... .


2. Janet is teaching at t he moment.
3. We are dancing now.
4 . Angela and Helen are talking right now.

3 Complete the chart.


1 . dance

My friends ......................... (not wait) far me

dancing

5.

1 am

helping you.

6.

Ken is playing football.

2. play
3. sleep

4. do
5. study

6. live

6 Write the words as pairs of opposites.


~

noisy
boring
interesting ~ quiet

7.

run

1. .... ~.~PPX........... -

8.

write

2 ......................... .

9. get

3 . ........................ .

1O. tea ch
11 . wait
12. talk

86 eighty-six

4 ........................ ..

slow
fast

.... .....~~0..........

UNIT 8 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

7 Translate the sentences.

9 Complete the puzzle. Look at the clues below.


2

1. l'm going out now.

2. What are you doing?


5

3. This book is boring .

4. We're watching a football match.


9

5.

Helen isn't sleeping at the moment.


10

6. Are you waiting far me?


11

8 Choose the correct answer.


1. Are you working now?
@Yes, 1am.
12

b. Yes, 1 do.
2 . Have you got a job?
a. Yes, 1 do.
b. Yes,

have.

3. Do you start work early?


a. No, l'm not.
b . No,

don't.

4. Does Ken like his job?


a. No, he doesn't.
b . No, he isn't.
5. Is Alberto married?
a. No, he doesn't.

Across-+
2.

Americans . . . English.

5.

1 have .. . every morning.

9.

There are five ... on a person's hands.

1O. The opposite of white is ....

11. A ... works in a restaurant.


12. l'm not sad. l'm ... .

Down

1. The opposite of tal/ is ... .

b. No, he isn't.
3. Your mother's sister is your ....

6. Do you like English?


a. Yes, 1 am.

7.

4 . 1 ... football in the park.

b. Yes, 1 do.

6.

Have they got a house?

7 . Sorne doctors work in a . . . .

a. Yes, they have.

8 . The fridge is in the ....

b. Yes, they do.

People usually .. . at night.

11 . My friends and

1 .. .

TV every evening.

8 . Can you drive a car?


a. Yes, 1am.
b. Yes, 1 can.

eighty- seven 87

INDICE

88 eighty-eight

PAGINA

Los pronombres personales sujeto

89

El presente del verbo to be

89

Los adjetivos posesivos

90

A I An

91

El plural de los nombres

91

This / That / These / Those

91

El verbo have got

91

Los nombres contables y los no contables

92

Some / Any

92

El genitivo sajn

93

El orden de los adjetivos en la oracin

93

There is I There are

93

How much / How many

94

El Present Simple en afirmativa

94

El verbo like + sustantivo

95

El verbo like + verbo + ing

95

Los adverbios de frecuencia

95

El Present Simple en negativa e interrogativa

95

Can

97

Las preposiciones de tiempo on, in, at

97

El Present Continuous

97

Let's + verbo

98

LOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES SUJETO


(siempre con mayscula) yo
you

t, usted

he

she

ella

it

ello (no se suele traducir; se usa

Tambin lo utilizamos para- preguntar el precio de las


cosas.
How much is it? lt's [5.
(Cunto es? 5 libras.)
m:Cl'T Vt':

1am not

l'm not

you are not

you aren't I you're not

para referirse a una cosa o animal)


we

nosotros/as

he isn't I he's not

he

you

vosotros/as, ustedes

she

they

ellos/as

it

is not

En plural no varan de gnero, valen igual para el


masculino que para el femenino.
I am the teacher. (Yo soy el profesor.)
You are ltalian. (T eres I Usted es ital iano.)
Peter is a man. He is from Greece.
(Peter es un hombre. l es de Grecia .)
Mary is a woman. She is English.
(Mary es una mujer. Ella es inglesa.)
Ita/y is a country lt is next to France.
(Italia es un pas. Est al lado de Francia.)

she isn't I she's not


it isn't I it's not

we
Se llaman as porque siempre hacen de sujeto en la
oracin, y para que esta sea correcta y tenga sentido
nunca pueden faltar. Los pronombres personales
sujeto siempre van delante del verbo, excepto en las
oraciones interrogativas.

ORMe. CONTRAIDA

we aren't / we're not

you

are not

they

you aren't I you're not


they aren't / they're not

Para formar una frase en negativa tan slo hay que


colocar la partcu la not detrs del verbo to be.
Como puedes ver en el cuadro, hay dos formas
contradas: una se forma aadiendo la contraccin
al verbo y otra aadindola al pronombre sujeto. Se
pueden usar indistintamente, pero recuerda que not
jams va contrado con am, slo con is y are.
She is Engfish. (Ella es inglesa.)
She is not (isn't) French. / She's not French.
(Ella no es francesa.)
They are teachers. (Son profesores.)
They are not (aren't) doctors. / They're not doctors.
(No son mdicos.)

We are waiters. (Nosotros somos camareros.)


You are tal/. (Vosotros sois/ Ustedes son altos.)

EJERCICIO

My friends are here. They are Mexcan.


(M is amigos estn aqu. Ellos son mejicanos.)

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


1. He is Japanese.

EL PRESENTE DEL VERBO TO BE

2 . We are friends.
3 . lt is a dictionary.

rOnlV'A CONTRADA

4 . You are Chinese.

lam

l'm

5. They are Engl ish .

you are

you're

he

he's

1'FmMATIVA

she

is

she's

FIRIViATIVA

,.

OCiATIVA

1 am

Am 1 ... ?

you are

Are you ... ?

he

Is he ... ?

it

it's

we

we're
you're

she

they're

it

Is it ... ?

we

Are we ... ?

yo u
they

are

Este verbo suele traducirse por ser o estar, pero cuando


indicamos la edad se traduce por tener.

yo u
they

is

are

Is she ... ?

Are you ... ?


A re they .. . ?

f am (l'm) a student. (Yo soy estudiante.)


He is at schoof. (l est en el colegio.)
She is 20 years old. (El la tiene 20 aos.)
eighty-nine 89

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
Para formar la interrogativa con el verbo to be
ponemos am, is y are delante del sujeto, que puede
ser un pronombre personal o un sustantivo. En ingls,
el signo de interrogacin slo se pone al final de la
pregunta.

Preguntas con partculas interrogativas


Estas preguntas no se pueden contestar con un s o
un no, requ ieren una respuesta ms completa.

What? (Qu?/ Cul?)

They are Chinese. (Ellos son chinos.)


Are they Chinese? (Son chinos ?)

How? (Cmo?)

Pierre is from France. (Pierre es de Francia .)


Is Pierre from France? (Pierre es de Francia?)

Where? (Dnde?)

How often? (Con qu frecuencia?)


Who? (Quin/es?)

EJERCICIO

What is your name?


(C ul es tu nombre?/ Cmo te llamas?)

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.

How are you? (Cmo ests?)

1. Jane is ltalian.

Where is your friend? (Dnde est tu amigo?)

2 . You are a student.

Who is the director? (Quin es el director?)

3. The teachers are English.


4.

am from Mexico.

LOS ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS

5. She is Mary.
RESPUESTAS BREVES
AFIRMATIVA

NEGATIVA

Yes, 1 am.

No, l'm not.

Yes, you are.

No, you aren't.

Yes, he

No, he

Yes, she

is.

No, she

Yes, it

No, it

Yes, we

No,we

Yes, you
Yes, they

are.

No, you

my

mi, mis

your

tu, tus, su, sus (de usted)

his

su, sus (de l)

her

su, sus (de ella)

its

su, sus (de cosa o animal)

our

nuestro/a, nuestros/as
vuestro/a, vuestros/as, su, sus

your
isn't .

(de ustedes)
their

aren't.

No, they

Las respuestas breves son las que damos con un


simple s o no, pero en ingls, adems de yes o no
necesitan sujeto y verbo. El sujeto siempre es un
pronombre personal y el verbo to be debe usarse sin
contraer en afirmativa pero contrado en negativa.

su, sus (de ellos/as)

Van delante del nombre que indica lo que poseemos,


sin importar que sea una cosa o varias pues son
iguales en singular que en plural.
Por su forma es fcil saber quin es el poseedor, sobre
t odo en la 3 persona del singular ya que his indica
un poseedor masculino, her uno femenino e its uno
neutro (cosa o animal).

my pencil (mi lpiz)

Is the teacher in class? Yes, he is. I No, he isn 't.


( Est el profesor en clase? S. I No.)

your address (tu direccin, su direccin [de usted])

Are you lrish? Yes, I am. / No, rm not.


(Eres irlands? S./ No.)

your teachers (tus profesores, sus profesores [de


usted])

Are they ten years old? Yes, they are. /No, they
aren't. (Tienen diez aos? S./ No.)

h is sister (su hermana [de l])

EJERCICIO

Contesta con respuestas breves.

my friends (mis amigas)

his brothers (sus hermanos [de l])


h er watch (su reloj [de ella])
her jackets (sus chaquetas [de ella])
its food (su comida)

1 . Is your na me Jane? No, ..... .. ... ..

its eyes (sus ojos)

2 . Are you English? Yes, .. .. .. .. ..

our school (nuestro colegio)

3 . Is the doctor here? No, . .... .. .. .

our classes (nuestras clases)

4 . Are you in London? Yes, .. .. .... ..

your bike (vuestra bici, su bici [de ustedes])

5. Is she a teacher? No, .. .. .... ..

your books (vuestros libros, sus libros [de ustedes])


their car (su coche [de ellos/as])
their chairs (sus sillas [de ellos/as])

90 n inety

APNDICE GRAMAl:ICAL
EJERCICIO

This is my mother. (Esta es mi madre.) [est a tu lado]

Traduce.

That is my favourite restaurant. (Aquel es mi


restaurante favorito.) [lo sealas en la distancia]

1. M i t rabajo

5. Nuest ro camarero

2. Tu mdico

6. Sus libros (de el las)

3 . Su nombre (de l)

7. Vuestra profesora

4 . Su lpiz (de ella)

8. Su nombre (de anima l)

These indica algo plural y cercano, y se traduce por


estos, estas, mientras que those ind ica algo plura l
y lejano y por tanto significa esos, esas o aquellos,
aquellas.
These are my books. (Estos son mis libros.)
Those are our houses. (Esas son nuestras casas.)

A JAN
El artculo indefinido a / an va delante de un nombre
contable en singular y se traduce por un, una . La
nica diferencia que hay entre los dos es que an se
usa cuando la siguiente palabra empieza por voca l
o por h muda, es decir, que no se pronuncia.
/'ve gota book. (Tengo un libro.)
She's got an ice cream. (Ella tiene un helado.)
An hour has got sixty minutes.
(Una hora tiene sesenta minutos.)

Cuando funcionan como adjetivos demostrativos van


delante de un nombre. Entonces this y that no
pueden traducirse como esto, eso o aquello.
This actress is Japanese.
(Esta actriz es japonesa. )
That man is sad.
(Ese hombre est triste.)
These toys are new.
(Estos juguetes son nuevos .)
Those w omen are shop assistants.
(Esas mujeres son dependientas de una tienda.)

EL PLURAL DE LOS NOMBRES


El plural regular
Se fo rma aad iendo una s al nombre singular.

EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. Esto es un libro.

book

books

pencil

pencils

2 . Esta m ujer es ing lesa.

computer

computers

3. Aquell o es una mesa.


4 . Aquell os son libros .

Si el nombre singular acaba en consonante +y,


cambia la y por i y aade las letras es .
country

countries

dictionary

dictionaries

Pero si acaba en vocal + y slo se aade la s.


day

days

boy

boys

Los p lu rales irregulares


Algunos nombres forman el plural sin seguir ninguna
regla y hay que aprenderlos de memoria.
chi/d (nio/a)

children (n ios/as)

man (hombre)

men (hombres)

woman (mujer)

women (mujeres)

THIS I THAT I THESE I THOSE


Son pronombres demostrativos que se refieren al
nombre que va detrs del verbo to be .
This indica algo singular y cercano, y significa este,
esta, esto . That seala algo singular pero que est
lejos, y por tanto significa ese, esa, eso o aquel,
aquella, aquello.

5. Est os son n meros.


6 . Aquell as son peluqueras.

EL VERBO HAVE GOT


AFIRMATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

have got

l've got
you've got

has got

it

he's got
she's got
it's got

we
yo u
they

have got

we've got
you've got
they've got

yo u
he
she

Significa tener y sirve para expresar lo que poseemos


o las caractersticas de alguien o algo cuando lo
describimos .
She has got (She 's got) a dog. (Tiene un perro.)
I have got (!'ve got) a cat. (Tengo un gato.)

ninety-one 91

~et;NDl1CE GRAMATICAL

N .Ci .Tl\IA

yo u

have not got

he
she

FORMA CONTRADA

haven't got

yo u
he

has not got

it

she

hasn't got

it

you

have not got

they

Ha ve you gota grandchild? Yes, I ha ve.


(Tienes un nieto? S.)
Have you got two aunts? No, I haven't.
(Tienes dos tas? No.)
Has your father gota sister? Yes, he has.
(Tiene tu padre una hermana? S.)

we

we

Para contestar brevemente a las preguntas con have


got se usa yes o no, y luego el pronombre personal
sujeto y have I has o haven 't / hasn't (sin got).

yo u

haven't got

they

Has this c/ass gota cornputer? No, it hasn't.


(Tiene un ordenador esta clase? No.)
EJERCICIO

En negativa se pone noto n't detrs de have y de has.

I have not (haven't) gota chair. (No t engo silla.)

Contesta con respuestas breves.

He has not (hasn't) gota girlfriend. (l no tiene novia.)

1. Have you got three s1sters? No, . . .... ... .

2. Have Mary and John gota rad io? Yes,


AFIRMATIVA

yo u

have got

3 . Has Peter got a wife? Yes, ... .... .. .

Have l got ... ?

4 . Has Jane got a boyfriend? No, .... ... .. .

Have you got ... ?

5. Has the house got four bedrooms? Yes, ... .. .....

Has he got ... ?

he
she

1r, T RR'>

has got

Has she got ... ?


Has it got .. . ?

it

Have we got ... ?

we
yo u

have got

Have you got ... ?


Have they got ... ?

they

En interrogativa se coloca have / has delante del


sujeto.

Have you got three children ? (Tienes tres hijos?)


Has Parn gota red car? (Tiene Pam un coche rojo?)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.

3. No tengo ordenador.

4. Tenis una hermana?

5. Ella no tiene t elfono.

&1 l.14 1' fi i fj :j !


Yes, you

have.

Yes, he
Yes, she

''
A1~VA

No, 1
No, you

No, she

Yes, it

No, it

Yes, we

No, we

Yes, you
Yes, they

92 nine ty-two

have.

coffee
hornework

sorne coffee
sorne hornework

/'ve got some pencils.


(Tengo unos/ algunos lpices.)

haven't.

No, he
has.

Los nombres no contables no se pueden contar


porque se refieren a sustancias y cosas abstractas; slo
tienen si ngular y pueden llevar delante sorne.

Sorne slo se utiliza en oraciones afirmativas. Delante


de nombres contables en plural significa unos/as,
algunos/as, pero delante de nombres no contables
significa un poco de, algo de. En algunas ocasiones
puede no traducirse.

2. Tienes hermanos y hermanas?

Yes, 1

Los nombres contables, que se pueden contar, tienen


singular y plural y pueden llevar delante un artculo (a,
an, sorne, the) o un numeral: a snake, an eye, sorne
children, the tea eher, three chairs ...

SOMEIANY

1. Tenemos un amigo.

- r. . ATl'VA

LOS NOMBRES CONTABLES


V LOS NO CONTABLES

No, you
No, they

hasn't.

She's got some money.


(Tiene [un poco de] dinero.)
Any acompaa a nombres contables en plural y
no contables. Significa ningn/a, nada en las
oraciones negativas, pero algunos/as, algo de en las
interrogativas. Tambin puede no traducirse.

I haven 't got any brothers.


(No tengo ningn hermano./ No tengo
hermanos.)
haven't.

Ha ve you got any hornework today?


(Tienes deberes hoy?)

EJERCICIO

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

Traduce.

1. Tengo una televisin.

1. La habitacin de los nios.

2. No tengo ninguna amiga.

2. La casa de mis amigos.

3. Tienes algn hermano?

3. Los libros de las ni as.

4. No tenemos una recepcionista .

4. El examen de los estudiantes.

5. Tienes una ta?

5. Los coches de los hombres.

GENITIVO SAJN
El genitivo sajn con singular

Se usa para indicar de quin es algo. Para ello


aadimos un apstrofo (') y una s al poseedor.
my fathers wa tch (el reloj de mi padre)
my uncfe's wife (la esposa de mi to)
the teachers book (el libro del profesor)

Si utilizamos el nombre propio del poseedor, no


ponemos artculo.
Emi/y's bedroom (el dormitorio de Emily)

Si el nombre del poseedor acaba en s slo le


aadimos el apstrofo (o las dos cosas, aunque lo
ms frecuente es la primera opcin) .
James' coat /James coat (el abrigo de James)

Si hay ms de un poseedor, slo aadimos el


apstrofo y la s al segundo.
John and Mary's house is big.
(La casa de John y Mary es grande.)

EL ORDEN DE LOS ADJETIVOS


EN LA ORACIN
Los adjetivos en ingls van colocados delante del
nombre y no varan de gnero ni de nmero; es decir,
tienen la misma forma en masculino y femenino,
singular y plural.
the small chair (la sil la pequea)
the small dogs (los perros pequeos)

Tambin pueden ir colocados despus del verbo


to be.
This bed is o/d. (Esta cama es vieja.)
That boy is good-/ooking. (Ese chico es guapo.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. Tu nombre es bonito.
2. Mi coche es grande.
3. Los nios son buenos.
4. Nuestra hija es guapa.

En caso de que el poseedor no indique el nombre


de personas, animales, pases, etc., se debe usar la
preposicin of:
the name of the street (el nombre de la calle)
Ef:Je sfr'eet's name
EJERCICIO

5. Mi padre es guapo.
6. Tengo un hijo alto.
7. Nuestro profesor est delgado.
8. Nuestra casa tiene habitaciones peque as.
9. Mi madre tiene el pelo corto.
1O. Este es un libro fantstico .

Traduce.
1. La hermana de Luis.
2. El pelo de tu hermana.
3. El diccionario de mi profesor.
4. El libro de mi amigo.
5. El dormitorio de Thomas.

THERE IS I THERE ARE


'\

There is

TIVA

CO

RAIDA

There's

There are

El genitivo sajn con plural

Si el nombre del poseedor es plural y termina en


s, slo se pone el apstrofo, pero si es un plural
irregu lar, aadimos las dos cosas.
the boys' notebooks (los cuadernos de los chicos)
the women 's husbands (los maridos de las mujeres)

There is sig nifica que hay una cosa y por eso va


seguido de un nombre contable en singular o de un
nombre no contable. There are significa que hay dos
cosas o ms y slo puede ir con nombres contables en
plural.
There is (There 's) a snake. (Hay una serpiente .)

mne ty- three

93

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

There is (There 's) sorne water in the bottle.


(Hay agua en la botella.)
There are three girls in the cinema.
(Hay tres chicas en el cine.)

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

There is not

There isn't

There are not

There aren't

Si no va seguido de un nombre sino del verbo to be,


es para preguntar el precio de una cosa.
How much is the jacket?
(Cunto cuesta la chaqueta?)
How many? (Cuntos/as?) slo va con nombres
contables en plural.
How many pets have you got?
(C untas mascotas tienes?)
EJERCICIO

La negativa se forma aadiendo noto n't detrs de


is/ are .
There is not (isn 't) a park near here.
(No hay ningn parque cerca de aqu.)
There is not (isn 't) any apple juice in the fridge.
(No hay zumo de manzana en el frigorfico.)
There are not (aren 't) any chairs in the library
(No hay ninguna silla en la biblioteca.)

l'"TERROGATIVA

Is there ... ?

RESPUESTAS BREVES

Yes, there is. /

Completa las preguntas con How much o How many.


1. ... chi ldren have you got?

2.... coffee is there?

3 .... books have you got ?


4. . .. homework have we got?

5 .... is this table?

EL PRESENT SIMPLE EN AFIRMATIVA

No, there isn't.


Are there ... ?

No, there aren't.

Las preguntas empiezan con is o are, pero en las


respuestas breves volvemos al orden normal y, si son
negativas, usamos las formas contradas.
Is there a ball? Yes, there is. / No, there isn 't.
( Hay un baln? S./ No.)
Is there any homework? Yes, there is. /
No, there isn't. (Hay deberes? S./ No.)
Are there two books here? Yes, there are. /
No, there aren 't. (Hay dos libros aqu7 S./ No.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. Hay un escritorio en el dormitorio.
2. Hay diez estud iantes en la clase.
3 . No hay nada de dinero aqu .
4. No hay si llas en la cocina.
5. Hay un bolgrafo encima del escritorio?
6 . Hay algn gato aqu?

HOW MUCH I HOW MANY


Usamos estas dos expresiones para preguntar por la
cantidad de algo que queremos saber.
How much? (Cunto/a7) slo se usa delante de
nombres no contables .
How much orange juice is there?
(Cunto zumo de naranja hay?)

94 ninety-four

AFIRMATIVA

Yes, there are. /

yo u
he
she

walk

ando
andas

walks

l anda
ella anda
anda

walk

andamos
andis
andan

it
we
you
they

TRADUCCIN

El Present Simple se usa para expresar hechos habituales,


situaciones y estados.
I start work at nine o'clock.
(Empiezo a trabajar a las nueve.)
We usual/y run in the afternoon.
(Normalmente corremos por la tarde.)
They get up late on Sundays.
(Ellos se levantan tarde los domingos.)
MUY IMPORTANTE: la tercera persona del singu lar
aade una s al fina l.
She lives in a flat. (Ella vive en un piso.)
She works in the morning. (El la trabaja por la maana.)
Sin embargo, los siguientes verbos aaden es:
- Los acabados en consonante + y, que adems
cambian la y por i.
study
studies
- Los terminados en ch.
teach
teaches
- Los que acaban en o .
go
goes

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

No olvides nunca poner el sujeto en ingls, bien sea


nombre o pronombre, au nque este ltimo rara vez se
traduzca.

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

I dance. (Yo bailo I Bailo.)

1. Me gusta leer libros.

My father studies English . (Mi padre estudia ingls.)

2. A Jack le gusta jugar al ftbol.

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

3 . Te gusta estud iar ingls.

4. Nos gusta vivir en Londres.


5. Me gusta escuchar msica.

1. Yo vivo en Brighton .
2. Estudiamos en el colegio.
3. Ella ve la tele los viernes.
4. Ellos trabajan en el hospital.

5. Me levanto pronto.

LOS ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA


Son palabras muy usadas con el Present Simple
porque expresan la frecuencia con que hacemos algo.
Los principales son est os:

a/ways (siempre)
usual/y (normalmente)
often (a menudo)
sometimes (a veces, algunas veces)
never (nunca)

EL VERBO LIKE + SUSTANTIVO


Para expresar gustos y preferencias se utiliza el verbo
like (gustar) segu ido de un nombre.

1 like chocolate. (Me gusta el chocolate.)


He likes fruit. (Le gusta la fruta .)

Siempre van entre el sujeto y el verbo, excepto


cuando se trata del verbo to be, pues entonces van
detrs de l.

Para poner est e verbo en negativa utiliza don 't /


doesn't, y para la interrogativa recuerda poner do I
does delant e del sujeto.

He usual/y goes to bed at ten o'clock.


(l normalmente se acuesta a las diez.)
I am never late. (Nunca llego t arde.)

I don't Jike this song.


(No me gusta esta cancin.)
She doesn 't like animals.
(A ella no le gustan los anima les.)

EL PRESENT SIMPLE EN NEGATIVA


E INTERROGATIVA

Do you like books?


(Te gustan los libros?)
Does he like ltalian food?
( Le gusta la comida italiana?)

NEGATIVA

yo u

EJERCICIO

he

Traduce.

she

1. Les gusta la msica .


2. Me gustan los jardines.
3. A l le gusta Londres.
4 . Te gustan los coches rojos.

do not walk

FORMA CONTRADA

yo u

he

does not walk

she
it

we

we

you

do notwalk

you

it

they

don'twalk

doesn't walk

don'twalk

they

5 . A ella le gusta la comida china.

EL VERBO LIKE + VERBO + ING


Para indicar lo que nos gusta o no nos gusta
hacer utilizamos el verbo like seguido de un verbo
terminado en ing .

Con 1, y ou, w e y th ey la negativa del Present Simple


se forma poniendo do n ot delante del verbo en la
forma base. En la conversacin se usa ms la forma
contrada don 't.

t like tea. (Me gusta el t .)


1 do not (don 't) like tea. (No me gusta el t.)

I like doing sport.


(Me gusta hacer deporte .)

You study Greek. (Estudias griego.)


You do not (don't) study Greek. (No estudias griego.)

He doesn't like speaking in c/ass.


(No le gusta hablar en clase.)

We read books. (Leemos libros.)


We do not (don't) read books. (No leemos libros.)

Do you like listening to music?


(Te gusta escuchar msica?)

They live in Bristol. (Viven en Bristol.)


They do not (don 't) /ive in Bristol. (No viven en Bristol.)
nine ty-five 95

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
Con he, she e it la negativa se forma con does not
o la contraccin doesn 't y el verbo en la forma base.
Fjate en cmo pierde la s que aade en afirmativa.

Los verbos to be y have got no necesitan do I does


en negativa ni en interrogativa.

Is your birthday in June?


( Es tu cumpleaos en junio?)

He speaks German. (l habla alemn.)


He does not (doesn't) speak German.
(l no habla alem n.)
My mother works in an offce.
(Mi madre trabaja en una oficina.)
My mother does not (doesn't) work in an office.
(Mi madre no trabaja en una oficina.)
lt sleeps on the sofa. (Duerme en el sof.)
lt does not (doesn't) sleep on the sofa.
(No duerme en el sof.)

Have you got my notebook?


(Tienes mi cuaderno?)
EJERCICIO

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.


1.

lave my boyfriend.

2. He likes my flat.
3. Her father lives in Rome.

EJERCICIO

4. We study English.

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.

5. His family has breakfast in the kitchen.

1.

work here.

2. He lives in Paris.

RESPUESTAS BREVES

3. My mother works in a restaurant.

4. 1like this colour.

Yes,

MATIVA
1

5. My friend likes my car.

Yes, you

6. My father listens to the radio.

Yes, he.
Yes, she

yo u

walk?

he

Does she

Do

No, we.

Andas?

Yes, you

we

Andamos?

they

do.

No, you

doesn't.

don't.

No, they

E lla anda?
Anda?

walk?

No, she

Yes, we
Yes, they

don't.

No, he

does.

Ando?

it

you

No,you

No, it

l anda?

walk?

No, 1

Yes, it

INTERR r;. TIV.11

Do

do.

"'F.GATIVA

Andis?
Andan?

En las respuest as breves se usa el pronombre sujeto y


do o does si son afirmativas o don't y doesn 't si son
negativas.

Do you watch TV? Yes, Ido . I No, I don 't.


(Ves la televisin? S. I No .)
Do es she go to the cinema? Yes, she does. I
No, she doesn't. ( Ella va al cine? S. / No.)

Con 1, you, we y they la interrogativa del Present


Simple se forma poniendo do delante del sujeto.

I study in the evenings.


(Estudio por las tardes.)
Do/ study in the evenings?
(Estudio por las t ardes?)
They live on the third floor.
(Ellos viven en el tercer piso.)
Do they live on the third floor?
(Viven en el tercer piso?)
Con he, she e it la interrogativa se forma con does,
y como este verbo auxiliar ya est en 3 persona del
singular, el verbo principal se pone en la forma base.

He eats sausages. (l come salchichas.)


Does he eat sausages? ( l come salchichas?)

96 ninety -s ix

Preguntas con partculas interrogativas


Para hacer preguntas en Present Simple con las
partculas interrogativas who, what, where, when,
how, how often, etc., ponemos la partcula en
primer lugar, y a continuacin do o does segu ido del
sujeto y del verbo en la forma base.

What do you do at 18:00? /listen to music.


(Qu haces a las 18:00? Escucho msica.)
How does she go to work? She goes by car.
(Cmo va a trabajar? Ella va en coche.)
How often do you go to the cinema? Every day.
(Con qu frecuencia vas al ci ne? Todos los das.)

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

En el caso de to be y have got, como no llevan do I


does en las preguntas, slo ponemos la partcula
interrogativa al principio e invertimos el orden del
sujeto y el verbo.
When is your birthday?
(Cundo es tu cumpleaos?)
What have you got in your hand?
(Qu tienes en la mano?)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. Dnde estudia Helen? Estudia en mi casa.
2. Dnde comis? Comemos en la oficina .
3. Qu os gusta? Nos gusta la msica.

LAS PREPOSICIONES DE TIEMPO ON, IN, AT


Utilizamos on con los nombres de los das de la semana
(los cuales siempre se escriben con mayscula en ingls) y
en otras expresiones.
on Tuesday (el martes)
on Tuesday morning (el ma rtes por la maana)
on my birthday (en mi cumpleaos)
Usamos in con las partes del da, los meses (que tambin
se escriben con mayscula) y los aos.
in the morning / afternoon / evening
(por la maana / tarde)
Excepcin: at night (por la noche)
in May (en mayo)
in 2006 (en 2006)

4. Cundo se acuestan? A las 22 :30 .


5. Qu hacen los nios? Ellos leen libros.

CAN
Es un verbo que se utiliza para expresar habilidad
(saber) y posibilidad (poder).
En la 3 persona del singular no aade s y siempre va
seguido de otro verbo en la forma base.
I can come to the party. (Puedo venir a la fiesta.)
My mother can drive. (Mi madre sabe conducir.)
They can speak Chinese.
(Ellos saben hablar chino.)
En negativa slo se le aade not, sin separacin,
o se usa la forma contrada can 't .
I cannot I can 't cook. (No s cocinar.)
He cannot /can 't walk. (ti no puede andar.)
Para hacer preguntas tan slo hay que colocar can
delante del sujeto. En las respuestas breves se vuelve
al orden norma l, usando el pronombre sujeto y can o
can 't, segn sean afirmativas o negativas.
Can they go to the bank? Yes, they can./ No,
they can 't. (Pueden ir al banco? S. / No.)
Can you swim ? Yes,/ can. / No,/ can 't.
(Sabes nadar? S./ No.)
Tambin utilizamos can en preguntas para pedir
permiso.
Can I go to the park? (Puedo ir al parque?)

Usamos at con las horas y otras expresiones.


at 5 o'clock (a las cinco en punto)
at the weekend (el fin de semana)
at midday (al medioda)
at midnight (a medianoche)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. Tengo una fiesta en mayo.
2. Mis padres van de compras los lunes.
3. Mi cu mpleaos es en junio.
4 . Tengo clase de ingls por la maana.
5. Tengo clase de ingls el viernes por la maana.

EL PRESENT CONTINUOUS
AFI

...

FOR

am talking

'm talking

yo u

are talking

yo u

're talking

he
she
it

is talking

he
she
it

's talking

we
you
they

are talking

we
yo u
they

're talking

EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. S cocinar.
2. Lisa no sabe hab lar ing ls.
3. Podemos cenar en un restaurante .
4. Ellos no saben conducir.
5. Puedes venir a la fiesta?

El Present Continuous expresa acciones que est n


ocurriendo en el momento mismo de hablar o en el
periodo de tiempo presente.
La afirmativa se forma con el presente del verbo to be
como auxiliar y el verbo principa l term inado en ing.
1am (J'm) reading a book in English.
(Estoy leyendo un li bro en ingls.)
ninety- seven 97

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

She is (She 's) watching the football match.


(Ella est viendo el partido de ftbol.)
They are (They're) listening to music.
(Estn escuchando msica.)

En interrogativa se intercala el sujeto entre el verbo


to be y el terminado en ing. En las respuestas breves
afirmativas se usa el pronombre sujeto y am, is o are
sin contraer, pero en las negativas s se contraen .

Are you talking to your friends? Yes, I am.


(Ests hablando con tus amigos? S.)

EJERCICIO

Is he buying bread? No, he isn 't.


(Est comprando pan? No.)

Traduce.
1. Ahora estamos leyendo un libro.
2. Estoy conduciendo un coche g rande .

EJERCICIO

3. Ella est corriendo ahora m ismo .

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.

4. Estn ba ilando .

1. We're sleeping .

5. En este momento Tom est durmiendo.

2. You're singing .
3. They are reading books.

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

am not talking
yo u

'm not talking

are not talking

you

he

aren't talking

he

she

is not talking

she

it

it

we

we

you

are not talking

you

they

isn't talking

4 . She's cleaning her bedroom.

5. He is w riting an e-mail.
Antes de aadir la terminacin ing a la forma base
hay que seguir estas reglas ortogrficas, dependiendo
de cmo sea el verbo:
- Si acaba en e muda, pierde esa vocal.
come - coming
write - writing

aren't talking

they

En negativa se pone la partcula not detrs del verbo


to be, pero en la conversacin suele contraerse con l.

The phone is not (isn 't) ringing.


(El telfono no est sonando.)
We are not (aren 't) sleeping.
(No estamos durmiendo.)
EJERCICIO

- Si tiene una 1 slaba y acaba en 1 voca l + 1


consonant e, dobla esa consonante.
sit - sitting
swim - swimming
Con el Present Continuous se utilizan las siguientes
expresiones temporales: now (ahora), right now
Gusto ahora, ahora mismo), at the moment (en este
momento), today (hoy), this morning (esta maana),
etc. Todas pueden ir al principio o al fi nal de la frase,
pero se suelen poner ms al fi nal.

We are studying English now.


(Ahora estamos estudiando ingls.)

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


1. She is dancing .

LET'S + VERBO

2.

Let's seguido de un verbo en su forma base se usa


para hacer sugerencias.

am studying right now.

3. You're cooking .

Let's dance. (Vamos a bailar. I Bailemos.)

4 . They're talking now.

Let's work. (Vamos a trabajar. /Trabajemos.)

5. He's watching TV.

EJERCICIO
RESPUESTAS BREVES
INTERROGATIVA

Ami
Are you

talking?

Is he
Is she

Yes, 1 am. I No, l'm not.


Yes, you are. I No, you aren't.
Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

talking?

Yes, she is. I No, she isn't.

Is it

Yes, it is. I No, it isn't.

Are we

Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.

Are you
Are they

98

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

ninety-eight

talking?

Yes, you are. / No, you aren't.


Yes, they are. I No, they aren't.

Traduce.
1 . Vamos a cocinar.
2 . Leamos un libro.
3. Vea mos la tele.
4 . Bailemos ahora .
5 . Vamos a cenar en un rest aurante.

CLOSARIO
PRONUNCIATION KEY
a:

start, arm

J;)

near

;:e

act, hat

lot

fit

voice

a1

cry, five

;)U

note, coat

good

w in

aI;}

fire, tyre

::>:

more, saw

how

au

out, down

Jl

boy, coin

yellow

au;:> flour, tower


e

could, stood

met, lend

u:

you, ch oose

t ea

did

zoo
shop, acti on

king, cat

measure, vision

leg

ri ng
cheap

e1

say, main, w eight

U;}

su re

man

D
tf

e;:>

fa ir, care, w ear

J:

t urn, th ird, w ord

no

thanks

fit

but, must

pen

the

i:

f eed, beat

;)

forgotten, ago

run

d3

Ju ne

happy

bed

soon

Todos los significados dados en este glosario corresponden estrictamente al contexto en el que aparecen las palabras
en el libro. Este glosario no debe nunca sustituir a un diccionario.

black / bl::ek/ negro/a

a long time / ;:> Iou 'ta1m/ mucho tiempo

blond / blond/ rubio

actor /':ekt;:>/ actor

blande / blond/ rubia

actress /':ektr;:>s/ actriz

blue / blu:/ azul

address / ;:>'dres/ direccin

board / b:>:d/ pizarra

age /e1d3/ edad

body / bodi/ cuerpo

already /:>:!'redil ya

book / buk/ libro

also / ':>:Js;:>u/ tambin

bookshelves / bukfelvz/ estanteras para libros

always / ':>:lwe1z/ siempre

boring /'b::1:nu/ aburrido/a (que aburre)

any more / eni 'm:>:/ ya no ms, ya no

boyfriend /'b:llfrend/ novio

April / 'e1pr;}l/ abril

bricks / bnks/ ladrillos

arm / a:m/ brazo

brother /'brno;}/ hermano

at the moment / :et O;} 'm;}um;}nt/ en este momento

brow n / braun/ marrn; castao

August /'::1:g;:>st/ agosto

building /'b1ld1u/ edificio

aunt / a:nt/ ta

business /'b1zn;:is/ negocio/s

average / ';:ev;:>nd3/ normal, tpico/a

businessman / 'b1zn;)sm::en/ hombre de negocios,

empresario

babysitter / 'be1bis1t;;i/ niera

buy / ba1/ comprar

bakery / 'be1k;:>ri/ panadera

ball / b::1:1/ baln, pelota

cake / ke1k/ tarta, pastel

bananas / b;;i'na:nn/ pltanos

call / b:l/ llamar por telfono

bank / b::euk/ banco

car / ka:/ coche

banknotes / 'b::eukn;;iuts/ billetes (dinero)

cat / k::et/ gato

bat / b::et/ bate

cha in l tf em/ cadena

bathroom / 'ba:9ru:m/ cuarto de bao

cha ir l tfe;;i/ si lla

beautiful / 'bju:ufal/ guapo/a, bonito/a

chicken / 'tfrkm/ pollo

because / b1'koz/ porque

child / taiid/ nio/a

bed / bed/ cama

children /'tfodr;;in/ nios, hijos

bedroom / 'bedru:m/ dormitorio

China /' tfam;:i/ China

big / b1g/ grande

Chinese / tfa1'ni:z/ chino/a

birthday / 'bJ:6de1/ cumpleaos

chips l tf 1ps/ patatas fritas

ninety-nine

99

cinema /'sm;:im;:i/ cine

fifteen / frfti:n/ quince

clean / kli:n / limpiar

fifth / frffi/ quinto/a

clothes shop / klduoz op/ tienda de ropa

fifty / 'f1fti/ cincuenta

computer / k;:im'pju:t;:i/ ordenador

find / famd/ encontrar

computer class / k;:im'pj u:t;:i kla:s/ clase de informtica

Fine, thanks /'fam 0renks/ Bien, gracias

cook / kuk/ cocinar

finger /'fiug;i/ dedo de la mano

cooker /'kub / cocina (electrodomstico)

fin ish work / frmf 'WJ:k/ terminar de trabajar

cupboard / 'kAb;:id/ armario

first / fa:st/ primero/a

curtains / 'k:J:t;:inz/ cortinas

fish / frf / pez; pescado

customer / 'kAst;:im;:i/ cliente/a

five / farv/ cinco

flat / flret/ piso

dance / da:ns/ bailar

floor / lb:/ planta (de un edificio)

dark / do:k/ oscuro/a

food / fu:d/ comida

daughter /'d:xt;:i/ hija

foot /fut/ pie

December / dr'semb;:i/ diciembre

football match / 'futb:>:l mretf/ partido de ftbol

department store / d1'po:un;:int st:>:/ grandes almacenes

for sale / fa 'serl/ en venta

desk / desk/ escritorio

forty / 'fa:ti/ cuarenta

dictionary / 'd1kfonri / diccionario

four / fa:/ cuatro

different/ 'drfr;:int/ diferente, distinto/a

fourteen / fa'ti:n/ catorce

dining-room / 'dam1u ru:m/ comedor

fourth / fa0/ cuarto/a

doctor / 'dokt;:i/ mdico/a, doctor/a

Friday / 'frarder/ viernes

dog / dog/ perro

fridge / fr1d3/ frigorfico

Don't worry / d;:iunt 'wAri/ No te preocupes

friends / frendz/ amigos/as

drive / drarv/ conducir; llevar (a alguien) en coche

game / ge1m/ juego, partido

ear / rd/ oreja

garage / 'grero:3/ garaje

early /'J:li/ pronto, temprano

garden /'ga:d;:in/ jardn

eat / i:t/ comer

get home / get 'h;:um/ llegar a casa

egg / eg/ huevo

get up / get 'Ap/ levantarse

eight / elt/ ocho

girlfriend / 'g3:Jfrend/ novia

eighteen / er'ti:n/ dieciocho

go / g;:iu/ ir

eighth / e1t0/ octavo/a

go out / g;;iu 'aut/ salir

eighty /'e1ti/ ochenta

go shopping / g;:u 'fop1u/ ir de compras

electrician / rlek'tnfon/ electricista

go to bed / g;:iu t;:i 'bed/ acostarse

eleven / 1'lev;:in/ once

Good afternoon / gud a:ft;;i'nu:n/ Buenas tardes (a partir

eleventh / r'leV;)nt0/ undcimo/a


England / '1ugl;:ind/ Inglaterra
English /'ruglrf/ ingls/esa

100

de las 12 p.m.)
Good evening / gud 'i:vmu/ Buenas tardes (a partir de
las 6 p.m.)

English-speaking /'ruglrf spi:kru/ de habla inglesa

Good morning / gud 'mJ:mu/ Buenos das

everyone / 'evriwAn/ todo el mundo

good-looking / gud'lukiu/ guapo

Excuse me / 1k'skju:z mi:/ Perdone/a

grandchild /'gra:ntfaild/ nieto/a

eye / ar/ ojo

grandchildren / 'grrentf!ldr;:in/ nietos

grandfather / 'gra:nfo:o;;i/ abuelo

family /'frem;:ili/ familia

grandmother / 'gra:nmAo;i/ abuela

fantastic / fren'trestrk/ fantstico/a

grandparents / 'gra:npe;:ir;;ints/ abuelos

fast (adj) / fa:st/ rpido/a

great / gre1t/ genial, gran, grande

fast (adv) / fo:st/ deprisa

Greece / gri:s/ Grecia

fat /fa~t/ gordo/a

Greek / gri:k/ griego/a

father / 'fa:o;:i/ padre

green / gri:n/ verde

February / 'febru;:iri/ febrero

grey / gre1/ gris

one hundred

hair / he;;i/ pelo

kitchen / 'krtf;;in/ cocina

hair and beauty salan / he;;i ;;ind 'bju:ti sa::lon/ saln de

kitten / 'kn;;in/ gatito/a

belleza y peluquera

hairdresser / 'he;;idres;;i/ peluquero/a

lamp / la::mp/ lmpara de pie o de mesa

hamster /'h a::mst;;i/ hmster

language / 'la::ugw1d3/ lengua, idioma

hand / ha::nd/ mano

late / lert/ tarde, hasta tarde

happen /'h a::p;;in/ ocurrir, suceder

leg / leg/ pierna, pata

happy / 'ha::pi/ feliz, contento/a

letter / 'let;;i / carta

hard / ha:d/ duro, mucho

library / 'larbr;;iri/ biblioteca

have breakfast / ha::v 'brekfast/ desayunar

like / lark/ gustar

have dinner / ha::v 'dm;;i/ cenar

live / lrv/ vivir

have lunch / ha::v 'Lmtf/ comer (medioda)

living-room /'lIVID ru:m/ saln, sala de estar

have tea / ha::v 'ti:/ tomar el t

long / lou/ largo/a

head / hed/ cabeza

look / luk/ mirar

helio/ hi / he 'ld/ har/ hola

lave / IAv/ encantar

help / h elp/ ayuda

hit / hrt/ golpear

March / ma:tf/ marzo

homework / 'h;;iumwJ:k/ deberes

married / 'ma::rid/ casado/a

hospital /'hosprt;;il/ hospital

May / me1/ mayo

house / h aus/ casa

maybe / 'merbi:/ quizs, tal vez

husband / 'hAzb;;ind/ marido

meal / mi:!/ comida

meet / mi:t/ conocer (a alguien), quedar/ reunirse con

l'm sorry / aim 'sori/ Lo siento

Mexican / 'meks1bn/ mejicano/a

idea / a1'd1;;i/ idea

Mexico / 'meksrk;;iu/ Mjico

in style / m 'sta1;;iJ/ a lo grande

midday / mrd'der/ medioda

interesting / 'mtr;;istq:/ interesante

middle-aged / mrdl'erd3d/ de mediana edad

interview / 'mt;;ivju:/ entrevista

midnight /'m1dnart/ medianoche

lt's (five) o'clock / rts (farv) ;;i'klok/ Son las (cinco) en punto

Monday / 'mAnder/ lunes

lt's half past (five) / Its 'ha:f pa:st (farv) / Son las (cinco)

mother / 'mAcfa/ madre

y media
lt's quarter past (five) / rts 'kwJ:t;;i pa:st (faiv) / Son las
(cinco) y cuarto
lt's quarter to (five) / 1ts 'kwJ:t;;i t;;i (farv) / Son las (cinco)
menos cuarto
lt's ten past (five) / 1ts 'ten pa:st (farv)/ Son las (cinco) y
diez
lt's ten to (five) / 1ts 'ten t;;i (farv) / Son las (cinco) menos
diez
ltalian / 1'ta::II;;in/ italiano/a

mouth / mau6/ boca

N
nationality / na::fo 'mel;;iti/ nacionalidad
need / ni:d/ necesitar
never / 'nev;;i/ nunca
new / nju:/ nuevo/a
nice / nais/ bonito/a, agradable
Nice to meet you / nars td 'mi:t ju:/ Encantado/a de
conocerte /conocerle
nine / narn/ nueve

ltaly / 'rt;;ili/ Italia

nineteen / nain'ti:n/ diecinueve

ninety / 'n amti/ noventa

jacket /'d3a::krt/ chaqueta

ninth / nainte/ noveno/a

January / 'd3a::nju;;iri/ enero

noisy /'n :nzi/ ruidoso/a

Japan / d3;;i'pa::n / Japn

nose / ndz/ nariz

Japanese / d3a::p;;i'ni:z/ japons/esa

notebook /'n ;;iutbuk/ cuaderno

job / d3ob/ trabajo

nothing / 'nA6ru/ nada

July / d3u'lai/ julio

nought / n ::r.t/ cero

June / d3u:n/ junio

November / n;;iu'vemb;;i/ noviembre

just / d3Ast/ slo, simplemente

now / nau/ ahora

one hundred and one 101

GLOSARIO

September / sep'temb;:/ septiembre

October / nk't:db;:/ octubre

seven / 'sev;m/ siete

often / 'ofan / a menudo

seventeen / sev;:n'ti:n / diecisiete

oh / ;:u/ cero

seventh / 'sev;:mtB/ sptimo/a

old / ;x;ld/ viejo/a, anciano/a

seventy /'sey;:n/ setenta

on holiday / nn 'hnJ;:de1/ de vacaciones

shop assistant /'fop ;:s1st;:nt/ dependiente/a de una

on my way / on ma1 'we1/ en/ de camino

tienda

one / wAn/ uno/a

short / h t/ corto/a, bajo/a

one hundred / wAn 'hAndr;:d/ cien

sing / sin/ cantar

orange / 'nrmd3/ naranja

singer / 'sr!p/ cantante

outside / aut'sa1d/ fuera

sister / 's1st;:/ hermana

six / s1ks/ seis

parents / 'pe;:r;:n ts/ padres

sixteen /s1ks'ti:n/ diecisis

partner / 'pa:tn;:/ socio/a

sixth /s1ks0/ sexto/a

party /' pa:/ fiesta

sixty / 's1ksti/ sesenta

pen / pen/ bolgrafo

sleep / sli:p/ dormir

pence / pen s/ peniques

slow / sl;:u/ lento/a

pencil / 'pens;:I/ lpiz

small / sm:x l/ pequeo/a

pet / pet/ mascota

snake /sne1k/ serpiente

picture / 'p1ktf;:/ foto, dibujo

sofa /'s;:ufa / sof

pink / p19k/ rosa

sometimes / 'sAmta1mz/ algunas veces, a veces

pitch / p1tf/ campo, cancha

son /sw / hijo

play / plc1/ jugar

Sorry / 'sori/ Lo siento

policeman / p;:'li:sm;:n/ polica

Spain / spern/ Espaa

policewoman / p;:'li:swum;m / mujer polica

Spanish / 'spa:mf/ espaol/a

popcorn /'pnpk::r.n/ palomitas de maz

speak / spi:k/ hablar

post office / 'p;x;st nfls/ oficina de correos

spend / spend/ gastar

pound / paund/ libra (moneda)

start w ork /sto:t 'w:.i:k/ empezar a trabajar

problem / 'prnbl;:m/ problema

study / 'stAdi/ estudiar

pub / pAb/ pub, bar

Sunday / 'sAnde1/ domingo

puppy / 'pApi/ perrito/a

sure / :>:/ por supuesto, claro

purple / 'p:.i:p;:I/ morado/a

surgery / 's:.i:d3;:rif consulta (del mdico)

quiet /'kwai;:t/ callado/a (be-! : cllate!)

table /' te1b;:I/ mesa

take-away / 'terbwe1/ para llevar

rabbit / 'ra:brt/ conejo

tall / t::>:l/ alto/a

read / ri:d/ leer

tea ch / ti: tf / ensear

Really? /'re;:li/ De verdad?

teacher /'ti:tf;:/ profesor/a

receptionist / n 'sephrust/ recepcionista

team / ci:m/ equipo

red / red/ rojo/a

ten / ten/ diez

registration / red31'stre1hn/ matrcula, inscripcin

tenth / ten0/ dcimo/a

right now / ra1t 'nau/ ahora mismo

thin / 0m/ delgado/a

rug / rAg/ alfombra

third / 0::i:d/ tercero/a

run (n) / rAn/ carrera

thirteen / 0::i:' ti:n/ trece

run (v) / rAn / correr

thirty /'0::i:/ treinta

three / 0ri:/ tres

sad /sa:d/ triste

throw / 0r;x;/ lanzar, tirar

Saturday / 'sa:t;:de1/ sbado

Thursday / 'O::i:zde1/ jueves

sausage / 'sns1d3/ salchicha

tired / 'ta1;:d/ cansado/a

schoolbag / 'sku:lba:g/ mochila

toast / t;:ust/ tostada/s

second / 'sebnd/ segundo/a

today / t;:'de1/ hoy

sell /sel/ vender

toe / t;x;/ dedo del pie

102 one hundred and two

GLOSARIO

toilet / 't:>Il;}t/ aseo, retrete


tonight / t;}'nart/ esta noche
too / tu:/ tambin
Tuesday / 'tju:zder/ martes
twelfth / twelf8/ duodcimo/a
twelve / twelv/ doce
twenty/'twenti/ veinte
two / tu:/ dos

u
ugly / 'Agli/ feo/a
uncle /'Ank;}l/ to
usually / 'ju:3u;}li/ normalmente

V
very / 'veri / muy

w
wait / wert/ esperar
waiter / 'weit;}/ camarero
wake up / werk 'Ap/ despertar(se)
watch / wotJ/ ver, observar
Wednesday / 'wenzde1/ mircoles
weekend / 'wi:kend/ fin de semana
Welcome / 'welk;}m/ Bienvenido/a
What about you? / wot ;}baut 'ju:/ Y t?
What's new? / wotz 'nju:/ Qu tal?, Qu hay de
nuevo?
What's wrong? / wotz 'mu/ Qu pasa?, Qu ocurre?
white / wa1t/ blanco/a
wife / warf/ esposa
win / wm/ ganar
write / rart/ escribir
writer / 'rart;}/ escritor/a

V
yellow /'jel;}u/ amarillo/a
young / jA!J/ joven

z
zero /'zr;}r;;io/ cero (Am. Eng.)

one hundred and three 103

NUMBERS

NMEROS

nought I oh

cero

one

uno

sixty-f ive

sesenta y cinco

seventy

setenta

seventy-f ive

setenta y cinco

eighty

ochenta

eighty-five

ochenta y cinco

ninety

noventa

DAYS OFTHE
WEEK

DIAS DE
LA SEMANA

Monday

lunes

Tuesday

martes

Wednesday

mircoles

Thursday

jueves

two

dos

three

tres

four

cuatro

ninety-five

noventa y cinco

cinco

Friday

viernes

five

one hundred

cien

Saturday

sbado

six

seis

NMEROS
ORDINALES

domingo

siete

ORDINAL
NUMBERS

Sunday

seven
eight

ocho

first

primero

MONTHS

MESES

nine

nueve

second

segundo

January

enero

ten

d iez

third

tercero

February

febrero

eleven

once

fourth

cuarto

March

marzo

twelve

doce

fifth

quinto

April

abril

thirteen

trece

sixth

sexto

May

mayo

fourteen

catorce

seventh

sptimo

Ju ne

junio

f ifteen

quince

eighth

octavo

July

julio

sixteen

diecisis

ninth

noveno

August

agosto

seventeen

diecisiete

tenth

dcimo

September

septiembre

eighteen

d ieciocho

eleventh

undcimo

October

octubre

nineteen

diecinueve

twelfth

duodcimo

November

noviembre

twenty

veinte

diciembre

veintiuno

twenty-two

veintids

THE TIME I
TIME EXPRESSIONS

LA HORA/
EXPRESIONES
TEMPORALES

December

twenty-one

twenty-th ree

veintitrs

o'clock

en punto

twenty-four

veinticuatro

ten past f ive

las cinco y diez

twenty-five

veinticinco

ten to

menos diez

twenty-six

veintisis

quarter past

y cuarto

twenty-seven

veintisiete

quarter to

menos cuarto

twenty-eight

veintiocho

half past

y media

twenty-nine

veintinueve

midday

medioda

thirty

treinta

midnight

medianoche

t hirty-f ive

treinta y cinco

in the morning

por la maana

forty

cuarenta

in the afternoon

por la tarde

forty-five

cuarenta y cinco

in the evening

por la tarde

fifty

cincuenta

at night

por la noche

fifty-five

cincuenta y cinco

early

pronto, temprano

sixty

sesenta

late

tarde, hasta tarde

104 one hrmdred and four

11

Editorial

TOPIC/FUNCTION

Introduction page 6

CRAMMAR

To be

El

Personal information

Talking about routines


and current actions
Giving directions

El

Have got

Like + noun

lntroductions and
greetings

VOCABULARY

READINC/WRITINC

Numbers, Days, Months

El

Like + verb + ing

Jobs

El

There is J There are

El
El

Prepositions of
place

Present Simple and


Present Continuous

El

Free-time activities

Al An/Somel Any

Parts of the body

Contrast Present
Simple I Present
Continuous

Directions

Reading about a job


Writing sentences

Reading about free-time


activities
Writing a description of
your free-time activities

Stative Verbs

Past Simple: to be
Talking about the past

Talking about past


events

Emotions

There was I There


were

Adjectives

Hol iday activities


Past Simple

Future: will

Reading about
Cambridge
Writing about things
you did last week

Reading an e-mail

future: be going to

Seasons and the


weather

Making plans

Present Continuous
with future meaning

Transport

m:mmm11 -- revistan exerose

Writing a description
of your room

Anima Is

Making predictions

Reading about Victorian


houses

Writing your plans for


tomorrow

TOPIC/FUNCTION

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

READING/WRITING

Ability
Modals: can l.iJ /

Possibility
Permission
Obligation
Prohibition
Giving advice

should I must

Food and drink

Reading about a chef

Possessive forms

Technology

Writing health tips

Talking about
experiences

Present Perfect
Simple

Sport

Reading about the


Lake District

Comparing people
and things

Object pronouns

Comparative and
superlative adjectives

Geographical
fea tu res

Fashion
Verbs

Adverbs

Writing about a special


place

Reading about a
fashion designer
Writing about different
types of clothes

Language Practice

page 72

Grammar Appendix

page 88

Glossary

Useful Words and Expressions

Irregular Verb List

page 101

(greet ings. giving directions,


prepostions of place, adjectives, verbs)

page 105

page 106

-----l
I

ALBERTO

lt's summer now and we 're on holiday.


We are all planning to travel to different

21 Years o/d

places in England.

from Spain

----===:--------~
1
STUDE

23 years old

from ltaly
STUDENT

____

CHENG

40 years old

trom \-long Kong


s1uoENT

rnr

HE LEN
18 years old
from Greece
STUDENT

CARMEN
25 Years old

KEN

from Mexico

30 ~ear S o\d

trorn Japan

k'l' '

-,~;.-:--

IN~RODUCTION
.._ .--

__

Instructions
l

A Match each instruction in A to its translation in B.


B

..7..

1 . Listen, read and repeat.

a. Completa las oraciones con las palabras de abajo.

2.

Complete the dialogue.

b. Completa el dilogo.

3.

Check your answers.

c.

Practica con un compaero/a.

4 . Choose t he correct answer.

d. Responde a las preguntas .

5. Answer the questions.

e. Comprueba tus respuestas.

6.

Practise with another student.

f.

7.

Complete the sentences

g. Escucha, lee y repite.

El ige la respuesta correcta.

with the words below.

B Look for an example of each one of these instructions in the book.

Words
2 Complete the groups of words.
CARDINAL NUMBERS:

one, ........ ~~P ..... ..... .. . , three, .. ..... ... ................. , five, ........... ................ ,
.............. .. ........... , ........................... , nine, ........ ...... ....... ..... . .
ORDINAL NUMBERS:

first, second, ........................... , .................. ... ..... . , ........ .... ............... ,


sixt h, ... ......... .. .. ..... .. .... , .......... .... ......... .. .. , ninth, .................. ......... .
DAYS OF THE WEEK:

Monday, ..... .. .................... , ........... .... ............ , Thursday, ... ........................ , Saturday, ........ ................... .
MONTHS OF THE YEAR:

January, ...... ......................... .... , March, .... .............................. . , May, ............ .......... ... ...... .... ,
July, .. .. _.............................. , September, ............ ... .............. ... .. . , November, .. ........................... ...... .

Everyday English
3 Complete t he student form below with information about your partner.
r-------- --- -

--

- ---~ ---- -- -

-------

Name ............................................................

Age .................................................................

Colour of Hair ........................................... ..

Colour of Eyes ...............................................

Nat ionality ...................................................

Job ..................................................................

Address ........................................................

Telephone Number .......................................

'

i
1

6 six

INTRODUCTION

Grammar

4A

Complete the grammar box.


TO BE

AFFIRMATIVE:

NEGATIVE:

lam

l'm

1 am not

l'm not

you ........

yo u' re

........ are .. .. .. ..

.. ...... not / you aren't

he

he's not I he .. .. ....

he
she

she

's

she's ........ / she isn't


it's ........ I it ........

it

it
we .... ....

we

we're

they .. ......

.. .. .. .. not

.... .. .. ...... .. I we aren't

.. ............ .. not

QUESTIONS:

they're .. ...... I ...... .. ....... .

SHORT ANSWERS:

Am I?, .. .... .. he?, .. .... .. you?

Yes, 1 ...... .. . I No, l'm

B Complete the sentences with am,

5A

..... ... not

Yes, he is. I No, he ... .. .. . .

are or is.

1 . 1 ...0.t:J:l. .. a student.
2. Dan ........... a teacher.
3. We ........... not from England .

6. lt ........... a table.

4. ........... you a new student ?

8. They ........... not students.

5. .. ..... .... Ken in t he classroom?

7. 1 ........... not an English teacher.

Complete the grammar box.


--~-

: ...' - .:

- HAVE GOT --

NEGATIVE:

AFFIRMATIVE :

... ...... .. . got / 've got

yo u

have .......... .. got I haven't got

he
she
it

.......... .. got / 's got

he
she
it

.......... .. .. .. ..... .. . got I .. ... .. ..... got

we
they

... ......... got / 've got

we
they

have ..... ....... got / haven't got

you

SHORT ANSWERS:

QUESTIONS:

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. she got a sister?

Yes, she ... ........... . / No, she ...... .... .... .

Have you .. .. .. .. ...... a sister?

Yes, 1 .. ..... .. ... .. . I No, 1 .. ..... .. ..... .

B Tick (/) the column which is right for you and for your partner.

Have you got ... ?

a dictionary

a big flat

a cat

C Tell t he class your answers.


!'ve got a cat.

me
my part ner

My partner hasn't got a cat.

seven 7

Good morning.
1 Listen, read and repeat.

11

So Carmen,
what's the plan
for today?

2A

Wait and see.

Listen and complete the dialogue.


name
COLIN: H1,. my 1 .... ....
.......... .. .IS
l'm

2 ....................

eOrll .

tou r guide.

Welcome to Cambridge.
HELEN: Nice to 3 .... .... . ....... ... . you, Colin.

My name is Helen.
COLIN: Where are you 4 .. .. .... ..... ...... . ?
HELEN: I 'm from 5................ .. .. .

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with other students.


STUDENT 1: Th is is .................... .
STUDENT 2: Nice to meet you, ....... ...... ....... .

Wh ere are you from?


STUDENT 3: I 'm from . . ..... . ..... . .... . . .

unitl
WORDS JOBS

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

artist

tour guide

manager

vet

barman

chef

lawyer

hairdresser

B Complete the sentences with the jobs in A.


' ha1r
beau tf
....... ............. .. . He ma kes peop 1es
1u 1.
1. An drew 1s a ...hairdresser

2. Adam is a .. ........................ He makes the drinks ata pub.


3. Penny is a ......................... . She cooks t he food at an lta lian resta urant.
4. Rita is a .......................... She cares for people's pets and anima Is.
5. Paul is a .......................... He takes people around the city and teaches them about the places.
6. Carl is a .......................... He helps peo ple w it h legal problems.
7. Bri an is an ......................... . He paints beautiful pictures.
8. David is a .................. .. ..... . He tells the workers what to do.

Do you like walking tours?


5A

Listen, read and repeat.

B Practise with other students.


nine 9

GRAMMAR

6A

Read the grammar boxes.

B Complete the sentences with the words below.

football
cooking jPlS" animals
getting up
teaching
chocolate

LIKE + NOUN

1. Kim likes her ....... .. J~.b............ She's a doctor.

1 like tours.
Tom likes football.

2.

like .... ....... .. .... ........ . l' m a vet.

3 . A lberto li kes ............ .... ......... ltalian food.


4. Do you like .. .. .... ................. ? There's a match on TV.

LIKE + VERB + ING

5. Janet is a teacher. She likes .. ....................... English .


We like walking .

6. Jack doesn't like cake, but he likes ......................... .

Linda likes watching TV.

7.

don 't like .... ........... ...... .. .. early in the mo rn ing.

Look! There's
7A

Listen, read and repeat.

Here we are at our first stop the National Gallery. There are
ahout 2,200 paintings here, b ut
we've only got an hour.

B Listen and complete the dialogue.


ANGELA: Wow! There are 1..... ~Rm~
CARMEN:
KATE:

10 te n

2 ....................

...... very fa mous paint ings here.

there any paintings by Seurat?

Yes, there are. There's a Seurat 3 .................... you.

CARMEN:

The colours are beautiful ! 4 .. .. .. ........ .. ... . you like it, Angela?

ANGELA:

Oh, yes.

CARMEN:

Look. There's t he museum shop. Let's buy a book about Seurat.

ANGELA:

Ali ri ght.

CARMEN:

Oh, but.there 6 .. .... ... .. ......... any books about Seurat in t he shop.

1 s....................

it!

unit l
WORDS PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

A Listen, read and repeat.

o
in

on

under

near

behind

above

in front of

opposite

B Look at the pictures and complete the sentences below. Use the prepositions in A.

'.

1. The sugar is ....f'.1 .. the coffee.

5. The cat is ................... the table.

2. The barman is ................... the pub .

6. Joe is ...... ............ . Pam .

3. The hairdryer is ................... the man 's head.

7. Cambridge is ................... London.

4 . The book is ................... the glasses.

8. The painting is ................... t hem.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.

10

A Read the grammar box.

- ....

A / AN I SOME

We use a or an before singular countable nouns.


a friend

an artist

We use some before plural countable nouns and


uncountable nouns.
sorne friends, sorne artists
sorne homework, sorne coffee

We use some in affirmative sentences.


l've got sorne friends in London.
We use any in negative sentences and questions.
1haven't got any friends in London.
Have you got any friends in London?

B Choose the correct answer.

B Choose the correct answer.

1 . Is your father@/ an manager?

1. Have you got sorne /~osters in


your room?

2. l've got a/ sorne money here.

2. l've got sorne / any books on t he shelf .

3. Have you got a I an good job?

3. l've got sorne/ any popcorn .

4. A re you a I an electrician ?

4.

5. Let's have a / sorne t ea.

5. Are t here sorne/ any restaurants on


your street?

6. Here are a I sorne books.

haven't got sorne/ any water with me.

e leven 11

11

A Read the grammar box.

AFFIRMATIVE:

QUESTIONS:

There is + singular countable nouns /


uncountable nouns

Yes, there is. I No, there isn't.

There's a poster above my bed.

Are there any pictures in this museum?

There's sorne money on the table.

Yes, there are. I No, there aren't.

Is there any money on the t able?

There are + plural nouns


There are sorne beautif ul pictures here.
NECiATIVE:

There isn't a post er above my bed .


There isn't any money on the table.
There aren't any pictures in t his museum.

B Use the words below to write two sentences about each picture.

tea
There is

artist

on

There are

an

cakes

l l

There isn't

sorne

dog

under

Th ere aren't

any

people

near

popcorn

table
fi lm
the

w indow
bakery
box

There.. are
near the
1. .........
... ....some
....... ....cakes
.. .. ...............
......window.
.. ... ....... ................. ................. .. ... .

2 . .......... ..... ............... ...... ............. .. ............................... ... .... ............ ... . .

1 . .. .... ... ....................... .... ............................... ............ ................ ......... ..


2.

11

12 twe lve

1.. ........ .. .... ...... .. ..... ............ .... ... .... .... .. ............................... .. ...... ...... ....

2 . .. ......... .... ....... .. ..... ............ ... .... ..... .. .... .......................... .. ............ .... .. .

C Complete the questions using Is there or Are there. Then answer the questions
accord ing to the pict ures in B.
1... A~~.-r'.h~r~ ....... any cakes in t he kitchen?

........... N.<?. . :th~~-~- ~r~.r:i.':t: ........... .

2 .......................... a chef at t he bakery right now?


3 .......................... an apple in the kitchen?
4 ...... .................... any people at t he cinema?

-- -

PRONUNCIATION

12

listen and repeat.


1. the - he

2. t hese - he's

3. this - his

4. there - hair

READING

13

A Read the text about Diane White, a tour guide.

B Tick (/) the sentences T (true) or F (false}.


Then correct the false sentences.
T

1. Diane White is an artist in London.

2. Diane likes her job .


3. The Queen lives in Buckingham Palace.
4. The Queen has parties in the Tower of London .

5. Westminster Abbey is a history museum.


6. London has got many museums.

LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 72.73

thirteen

13

W ORD LIST
above

chef

lawyer

opposite

tour gude

artist

hairdresser

manager

painting

under

barman

in

near

plan

vet

behind

in front of

on

summer

VOCABULARY

3 Choose the correct answer.

1 Look at the word list above and do the

1. We've got a /~m i lk in the fridge.

following exercises.

2. Have they got sorne/ any children?

1. List six jobs.

3 . Have you gota/ an pen?


4 . There's a /sorne water on the table .

.......1?:10.~0~~'..........

5.

1 haven't

got sorne/ any friends in London .

4 Complete the sentences with There is, There are,


There isn't, There aren't, Is there or Are there.
2. Where's the pen? Write the correct
preposition for each picture.

11

1. .... !h~'.~.~r.~...... 20 students in my class.


They' re very nice.
2 . . .. .. ................. ... any pens on the desk.
3 . . .. .. .................... a new chef at the restaurant?
4 . . .. ... ................... a tour guide in the museum .
His name is Colin .

in

5. ..... .... ................ any apples in the kitchen?

6. . .. .. .. .................. any homework today!

LISTENINCi

5 AListen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. l'm an artist.

CiRAMMAR

b. l'm from ltaly.

2 Complete the sentences with the words below.


studying

tea

tennis

phoning

wo~g
1. Carmen likes .. .. . '.<?.~ki.~g at the clothes
shop.
2. The students like ............ .. .. .. .. ..... English .
3 . Cheng likes .. ... . .... .... .. .. ....... and footba ll.
4 . Ken likes ...... ..... .. .. ....... ... his friends.
5.

14

fou r teen

like ......................... with every meal.

2. a. Yes, 1 am.
b. No, 1 haven't.
3. a. l've got sorne homework.
b. Yes, 1 do.
4. a. She's in front of the museum.
b. She's from Manchester.

5. a. No, there aren't.


b. 1 like books!

B Listen and check your answers.

unit l

( IT'S YOUR TURN J- - - = ==


1 Listen and read the dialogue.
BILL: Good morning. l'm your tour guide,

Bill Hudson.
MARY: Nice to meet you. l'm Mary.
BILL: Where are you from, M ary?

MARY: l'm from Mexico. Where are you from?


BILL: l'm from Sunderland . lt's near Newcastle.

Mary, do you like art museums?


MARY: Yes, 1do.
BILL: Good. Our first stop is an art museum.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your


new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


What's your name?

Where are you from?

Do you like art museums?

1.

2.
3.

DIO VOU KNOW?

Buckingham Palace, in London, is the official home of Queen Eliza beth 11 and her
family. The palace is almost 300 years old. lt has got 775 rooms and 1,000 w indows.
lt has gota police station, a hospital, a post office, a cinema and a swimming pool.
There is also a big lake by the pa lace and there are beautiful gardens.

nit
Do they listen to music?
1 Listen, read and repeat.
D

The Changing
of the Guard ceremony
starts at half past eleven.

Yes, th ey do .. . and each


hat weighs 665 grams!
Do they listen
to music under
their big hats?

2 Listen and complete the dialogue.


KEN: 1 . . .. . . P<?.~.~

...... the Queen live in

Buckingham Palace all year?


KATE: No Ken, she 2 .......... . ...... .... She

sometimes lives in Balmoral Castle or


Windsor Castle.
ANGELA: 1like the guards' 3 .. .... .. .... ... .. ... uniforms.
KATE: Yes. They sometimes wear 4 ...... ........ .. .. . .

uniforms, too.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: Does my hair look OK?
STUDENT 2: Yes, it does. / No, it doesn't.

16 six teen

unit 2
WORDS FREE-TIME ACTIVITIES

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

dance
go out
exercise go swimming travel
chal
take photos
play football
play the guitar
listen to music
B Match the activities to the pictures.

....~~~~..P.~.~~~::'. .....

WORDS PARTS OF THE BODY

GRAMMAR

5 Which part of the body do you use

6A

Read the grammar box.

the most for each activity? Choose


the correct answer.

PRESENT SIMPLE

1. listening to music

eyes

AFFIRMATIVE:

l<ij}Y body
yo u

2. playing the guitar

he
work

we

fingers I legs I head

she

works

it

they
3. dancing

nose I legs I mouth


4. taking photos

mouth I eye I foot


5. playing football

hand / arm / foot

B Complete the sentences with the verbs below.


Use the Present Simple.

listen

ch at

play

travel

e~

take

exerci..ses
..... .
1. Pame 1a 1 s a 1ways t.1red because she never ..........
2. W e often .. .. ...... .. .. .... .. ... .. to Scotland to see our
grandparent s.

6. chatting

mouth / toes / hair

3. M y husband sometimes ............ ... .. ... ..... the gu itar


at parties .
4. My parents usually ......................... to classical music.
5.

often .. . .... ... ... . ....... .... photos of my friends.

6 . A ngela alw ays .. ....................... with her mothe r o n


the phone.
sevent een

17

7A

Read the grammar box.

~--

B Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Simple.

PRESENT SIMPLE

1. My uncle
NEGATIVE:

we

(not travel).

2. You .......... ... .......... . (not play) tHE Guitar.


3. . .. ......... Ken .. ...... .. ... .. ......... (work) in a

he
you

.0.?.~.~-~'.~ .~T~".'~! .

do not

she

does not

(don't) work

(doesn't) work

t hey

restaurant?
4. My sister ...... ........ .......... (not dance) ballet.
5. ........... . you ........ .. .. ..... ...... . (speak) English?

QUEST I ONS AND SHORT ANSWERS:

Do you work hard?

6 . We .... ...... .............. (not exercise) every day.


7. Where ............ Carmen ..... ........... (study)

Yes, 1 do. I No, 1don't.

English?

Does he work hard?


Yes, he does. I No, he doesn't.

We're waiting for you.


8 Listen, read and repeat.

Carmen, what are you doing?


We're waiting for you.

Where's Carmen?
It's q uarter past two.

Oh, sorry. How do 1


get to the restaurant?
Can 1 speak to Kate?

OK, go straight. Then turn


left at Bolton Street. The
restaurant is on the right.

18 eighteen

unit 2

9A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


lt's getting late. Kate,

CARMEN:

1..... . h9.W ..... ...

do we get home from here?

KATE: Just 2 ................. . . . Bond Street, t hen turn 3 .... ..... . .......... .
ANGELA:

But 1want to take the bus home. l'm very 4 ........... ......... .

CARMEN:

Oh, OK. Let's take the bus.

KATE: There's a bus stop s ............. ..... .. the restaurant.

Do you 6 ...... .. .. .. ... .. . .. it?


Look! The bus is coming. Let's hurry !

ANGELA:

B Listen again and check your answers.

CiRAMMAR

10

A Read the grammar box.

AFFIRMATIVE:

am ('m) working
he

am not ('m not)


working

he
is ('s} working

she

it

yo u

you
are ('re) working

they
SHORT ANSWERS:

working?

Am
he

is not (isn't)

she

it

we

QUESTIONS:

NEGATIVE:

Is

working

she

work ing?

it
you

we

are not (aren't)

they

working

Are

we

working?

they

Yes, 1am. /

Yes, he is./

Yes, they are. I

No, l'm not.

No, he isn't.

No, they aren't.

B Complete the sentences with the verbs below. Use the Present Continuous.

play

travel

exercise

listen

not swim

1. You ... . _qi_r~ ri.'~. W~~~hi.i:i.g.... a football game on TV at t he moment.

2. Carmen ....... ........... ...... ......... to her favourite song now.


3.

. ............. Ken ......... ............ ............ at the gym right now?

4. 1 ..... ................... ......... a computer game right now.


5. Alberto and Cheng .. .. ......... .............. ...... in the pool.
6. ..... ..... .... the students .... .. ... .. ......... ............. to lreland at the moment?

PRONUNCIATION

11

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the verbs in colour.
1. 1am working .

2. Helen is dancing.

3. Ken isn't chatting .

4 . Are you sleeping ?


nineteen 19

GRAMMAR

12

13 A

A Read the grammar box.


- - - - ---

Read the grammar box.


~~~------

- -STATIVEVERBS ---

PRESENT TENSES -'

Verbs of feeling and thinking (stative verbs)

RESENT SIMPLE

don't usually use the Present Continuous.

Rick plays tennis on Wednesdays.

1love chocolate.
P~ESENT

1~ chocolate.

CO TINUOUS

Rick is playing tennis at the moment.

B Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Simple or
Present Continuous.

B Choose the correct answers.

SI

1. Cheng
is running in the park every
mornin , but this morning he swims /
is swimmin

1. Helen .. -~~9.~~ ... (know) the answer to


t hat question.
2. Cheng .... .......... ........... (do) his homework
right now.

2. Ken works /is working in the evenings.


Right now, he studies I is studying English.

3. Carmen .. ...... ........... ...... (lave) pizza .

3. My parents have / are having dinner in a


restaurant today. They usually have /
are having dinner at home.

4. At the moment, Angela and her boyfriend


................ ... ...... (dance) at a club.

4.

5. Ken ... .... .. ...... .......... (want) a new computer


game.

1 watch

/ am watching a film on TV now.


1 don't watch / am not watching TV in
the mornings.

6.

1 .. ............ . . . . .... ..

(not like) your painting.

lt's ugly!

WORDS DIRECTIONS

14

A Listen, read and repeat.

turn left

go straight

turn right

on the left

on the right

B Laura works at the British Museum. The black line on


the map shows her route to work. Complete the text
with the words below.

goes straight
turnsleft

turns right

on the right

Every morning, Laura takes the bus to Tottenham Court


Road Station. She

1........ ~~.<?.!?.!?.~.!?... ... ..

the street. On

the left is Tottenham Court Road, 2 ... ......................... .


is New Oxford Street. She turns right and
3 ........... .................. on New Oxford St reet. Then she
4 . .. .. ...................... ..

at Coptic Street. Finally, she

s........ ..... ................. at Great Russell Street.

20 twenty

go up

go down

cross the street

unit2
READING

15 A

Read about three people's free-time activities.

Jenny is a shop assistant. Her


hobbies are ballroom dancing
and listening to classical music.
She often goes to concerts with
her friends. Twice a week,
Jenny dances with her partner,
Shaun. They sometimes dance
in competitions.

Diane is a vet. When she isn't


working, she likes travelling. Her
hobby is taking photos of animals
all over the world. Every summer,
Diane travels to a different country.
Right now, Diane is travelling in
Mexico. She wants to take pictures
of snakes there.

Meet Derek. He's a businessman. At the weekend, he always plays football


with his friends. They meet at a park near Derek's flat. The team isn't
very good, but they always have fun! After the game, they go out to the
pub and chat.

B Match the paragraphs above to the photos. There is one extra photo.
1. ...... ..

2. ........

3..... .. ..

C Read the paragraphs again. Tick (/) the sentences which are true
for each person.
Jenny

Diane

Derek

1. plays for a footba ll team.


2. works in a shop.

3. works w ith ani mals.


4. laves listening to classical music.
5. goes to the pub at t he weekend .

6. is in Mexico at the moment.


D Write a paragraph about your free-time activities. Describe the t hings you do and
when you do them.

twe nty-o ne 21

WORD LIST

arm
body
chat
cross the street
dance
ears
exercise

nextto
nos e
on the left
on the right
play football
play the guitar
send

go up
hair
hand
head
legs
listen to music
mouth

eyes
fingers
foot
go down
go out
go straight
go swimming

take photos
toes
travel
turn left
turn right

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

1 Look at the word list above and do the

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in

following exercises.
1. List three things people usually do at a party.

brackets. Use the Present Simple or Present


Continuous.
1. We ...... .. .t:~J.('.:......... (take) the train to

chat

London every morning.

2. Write the correct phrase.

2. He ................... ...... (talk) now.

3 . . ..... ..... ... .. ......... you .... ..... ............... .

t
1 . ... .. .. .~\J.rn .l~.fr-... .. .... .

2 ................ .... .. ..... .... .

~
3. ..... .... .. .... ................

4 ...... ................ .... ..... .

3. Complete the chart with eight parts


of the body.

1 HEAD .
ears

(go out) every evening?

4. We .. ... .. .................. (listen) to music


right now.

5. 1............... ..... ... .. (lave) chocolate.

6. 1......................... (not eat) at the moment.

7 ....... ................... he ............ .... ...... ...


(chat) with Alex right now?

LISTENING

3A

Listen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. lt's at 2.30.

b. Yes,

2. a. Yes, they do.

b. Yes, they are.

3. a.

1 work

in a shop. b. l'm watching TV.

4 . a. Yes, 1 do.

b. Yes,

5. a. Walk straight.

b. The bus is coming.

lt's on the left.

B Listen and check your answers.

22 twenty-two

1 do.

1 am.

unit 2

( IT'S Y.OVR TVRN J

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


SHARON: Hi, Robert. l'm wait ing for you. Where are you?

You're late!
ROBERT: Oh, sorry Sharon.

l'm exercising in the park.


What's the time?
SHARON:

lt's quarter past one.

ROBERT: Sorry l'm late. How do 1get to

the restaurant from the park?


SHARON: Go straight on Park Street.

Then turn right at Baker Street.


The restaurant is on the right.
ROBERT: OK. l'm coming .

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


What's your name?

What's the time?

1.
2.

3.

DID VOU KNOW?

Pubs are a very important part of British


culture. The British usually go to a pub
in their neighbourhood. They call their
neighbourhood pub their " local". British
pubs are like community centres. People
go there to meet their friends and
neighbours - and get a pint of beer!

What is your friend doing now?

How was your trip?


l

Listen, read and repeat.

Hi, Cheng! How was York? Is your family

enjoying their holiday in England?

And my wife's happy


to be with me after all
these months.
She's very relaxed.
What about you?

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


KEN: This TV prog ramme is boring. Let's 1 ... .... . .0.<?... .... .

something else .
ALBERTO: OK, l've got 2 ... .... ... ..... ... .. idea. Let's go to

Buckingham Pa lace!
KEN: No, 13 ...... . .. ... . . . ... .. . at the Palace yesterday w it h

Carmen, A ngela and a tour gu ide.


ALBERTO: Oh, right. Then how about 4 ... .. .... .. .. .. . . .. . a walk in

Angela, Carmen and I were


on a nice tour yesterday.

Hyde Park? Were you at Hyde Park yesterday, too?


KEN: No, we weren't. But Cheng s.. .... ............. . at Hyde Park

with his fam ily last 6 .. .... .. .... .. .... .... They were surprised
to see people speaking
at Speaker's Comer.

B Listen again and check


your answers.

Practise with another student.


1. STUDENT 1: How was your t rip?
STUDENT 2: lt was great! / lt was OK. / lt wasn't very good .

2. STUDENT 1: Were you at Hyde Park yesterday?


STUDENT 2: Yes, 1was . I No, 1wasn't.

24 twenty-four

unit 3
WORDS EMOTIONS

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

excited

worried

relaxed

disappointed

~~

if.
,.

.,.'

~
~
""' -

J'

I1
angry

upset

sea red

B Read the sentences and choose the correct answer.


1 . Carmen is having fun with her friends at the beach. She's upset

surprised

19.

2. Ken was late for work yesterday. He's late fo r work again today. Ken's boss is angry / sea red.
3. Alberto and Cheng are t ravelling to Scotland right now. They are excited / surprised .
4. lt's very late at night, but Helen isn't home. She isn't answering her phone. Angela is
disappointed / worried .

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.

- - - PAST SIMPLE: TO BE

B Complete the sentences with

-~-------

was or were.

1. Helen ....... .Y'!.!-.f?... .. ...... upset w ith her mother.


AFFIRMATIVE:

2. You .. ....................... at home last weekend.


yo u

he

was

she

we

were

4. lt ........ ................. a very nice t rip .

they

it

5. 1 ................ .. .. ..... at the cinema last Friday.

C Write the sentences in B in the negative.

NEGATIVE:

yo u
he
she
it

3. We ...... .......... ......... relaxed all day.

was not
(wasn't)

we
they

were not
(weren't)

1.

-~~!~~--~~~-~'.~ YP.?.~~- -~~~-~- -~-~-~- ~~~~-~-~-- .... ..........

2 .................. ......................... ................... .. .. ......... . .


3.

4 ...... ............... .... .................. .. ... ................... ........ .


5.
twenty-five 25

6A

Read the grammar box.

:.::..=..::.:.- ,sT s1Nlii".i:: TO BE

B Put the words into the correct order to make questions.


1. were / yesterday I in class I you

.. Y'!.~re. .Y.e?.~..i!.1..l?.1~.!?~. Y~~:te.r0.~Y.?. .... ..................... ........ .


QUESTIONS:

2. the test/ difficult / was

Was 1 ... ?
Were you ... ?

3. they /in Cambridge/ were / last week


SHORT ANSWERS:

Yes, 1 was. I No, 1 w asn't .

4. interesti ng / was / the museum

Yes, you were. I No, you weren't.

5. at home/ at t he weekend/ was / your brother

There was somebody in my flat!


7 Listen, read and repeat.
Hi Angela,

how was the tour ?


Interesting, but
somebody was in my flat
this morning. My TV isn't
here. I'm very scared.

Look, the window is open.


Was it closed in the morning?

Yes, it was. I'm really


scared, Alberto. There was
somebody in my flat!

26 twenty-six

There was a TV here and


there were CDs . I'm really
angryl My TV was new.

:: .

unit 3

8A

Listen again and complete the dialogue.


ANGELA:

Carmen, someone 1. .... ...1-Y.fl.!?. ...... in my flat today.

CARMEN:

Are you OK?

ANGELA: Yes, 12 ...... ..... .... .... . home. They were in my


3 . ... . .... . ..........

in the morning.

CARMEN:

Is anything missing?

ANGELA:

Well, there 4 ........ .. ....... ... many things to take - only my


TV and CDs. There wasn't any 5 . .. ... .. . .... . . . . .. . in the flat.

CARMEN:

Do you want me to come over?

ANGELA:

No, that's OK. Alberto was here and the police were here, too.
1was really 6 ........ ............ , but l'm OK now.

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.


-

'

-.

THERE WAS I THERE WERE

AFFIRMATIVE:

QUESTIONS:

There was + singular countable nouns /

Was there ... ?

uncountable nouns

Were there ... ?

There was a TV in the living-room.


There was sorne sugar in the kitchen.
There were + plural nouns

SHORT ANSWERS:

Yes, there was. / No, there wasn't .


Yes, there were. /No, there weren't.

There were sorne students in the classroom.


NEGATIVE:

There wasn't any sugar in the kitchen.


There w eren't any students in the classroom.

B What did Sarah's room look like yesterday? Look at the


picture and complete the sentences using There was,
There wasn't, There were or There weren't.

1 . ..T~.~r~.W~!.e.n'.1:'. ....... any footballs on the floor.


2 ....... .... ..... .... .. .......... a bag on the floor.
3 ................. ... ......... ... a cat on Sarah's bed .
4 ................ .. ....... .. ..... any curtains on the w indow.
5 . .... ......... ..... ........... .. sorne homework on Sarah's desk.
6. ... ................... ........ . sorne photos on the bookshelf.

twenty-seven

27

C Write questions about your room this morning. Use


Then answer the questions.

Was there or Were there and the words below.

.. ~~.~~ .t.h.~.r~ .~~~ .P.~.~.~...~..t.h.~..~.~.~.~~. ..

1. (pens, desk)

!~S.'. .t.~.~.r~..~~'.~:/. .~.'. .~.~.~.~~..~~'.~~.~:

2. (schoolbag, room)
3. (clothes, bed)
4. (notebooks, floor)
5. (food, desk)
D Write about what

there was / there wasn't in your room t his morning.

WORDS ADJECTIVES

10

A Listen, read and repeat.

\
open

closed

interesting

difficult

old

clean

boring

easy

new

dirty

B Complete the sentences with words from Exercise A.


ng t o work . M y JO
b 1s a1w ays ....interesti
.. ......... ...ng
....... .
1. 1 1ove go1

2.

1 don't

know how to answer the quest ion. lt's very .. ........... ........... . .

3. Come in ! The door is .......... .... ....... ... .


4. This dress is very ........... ... .. .. .. .... . lt was my gra ndmother's many years ago.
5. lt w asn't easy to see the roa d. The car window was so ....... .................. .

28 twen ty-eig ht

unit 3
PRONUNCIATION

11

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the verbs in colour.


1.

lt was great.

2.

Was it nice?

3.

We were relaxed .

4.

Were you surprised?

READING

12

A Read the text about Victorian houses.

B Correct these false statements.


1. The cooker was for cleaning the kitchen.

Victori .a n
Kou.ses

!~~P?.C?.~~'...~~:?. fC?t~~~~i-~g--~-~.0.. ~.~.'!l.~.i-~g: .........


2. There were big fridges in the kitchen.

3. The back parlour was a special room for visitors.

ouses in London in the 1800s were


different from modern houses in many
ways. Let's look at a Victorian house
from the 1800s. The kitchen was a very
important room. The cooker was for cooking
and heating. There wasn't any electricity; so
there weren't any fridges. The living-room
- called the front parlour - was a big and
beautiful room. It was a room for visitors. The
back parlour was a real living-room. In the
evenings, the Victorian family was together in
the back parlour, for meals and for games, too.
The bedrooms in Victorian houses were very
small and many children were often in one
bedroom. In fact, several children sometimes
were in one bed. In many Victorian houses,
there weren't any toilets inside the house.
The toilets were outside and so was the bath.
As you can see, things were very different in
Victorian houses.

4. In the evenings, the family was in the front parlour.

5. Parents and children were in one bedroom.

6. The toilets were usually next to a bedroom .

~LANGUA GE PRACTICE pages 76-77 J

twenty-nine 29

WORD LIST
angry

dirty

interesting

relaxed

upset

boring

disappointed

missing

sea red

window

clean

easy

new

somebody

worried

elo sed

enjoy

old

surprised

difficult

excited

open

trip

3 Complete the sentences with There was,

VOCABULARY

1 Look at the word list above and do the following.


1. Find six emotions in the puzzle.

There were, There wasn't, There weren't,


Was there or Were there.
1 .... ~?.?. .~~~~~...... a tour guide in the
museu m?

\. s

ci "

2 ............ ..... ..... .... any foo d o n t he table.

3 .................. ........ sorne nice people o n


t he t our.

4 ........ ....... .... ....... a w hite cat in my flat.


lt w as on t he sofa .

5. ................. ........ any chocolate cakes in


t he bakery?

6 . .. ........... .... .. ..... . any good prog rammes


on TV last night.

2. List tour pairs of opposites.


d iffic
1 . . " " ...
"." "ult.. .. "." ....

........ ...~~.~;!.., ....... .

2 ......... ... ....... .... ..... .


3 . .. .. ..... ......... ...... ... .

LISTENING

4A

Listen and choose the correct answer.

1. a. Yes, 1 was.
b. Yes, 1 do.
2. a. l'm very scared.

4 . .. ... ................... ... .

3. a. lt was very good.

CiRAMMAR

b. They were very excited.

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. Mark and Tony was 19at the library yesterday.

2. Was / Were the window closed this morn ing?


3. The children wasn't / weren't scared of t he snake.
4. The film was I were boring.
5. Was / Were the students surprised?
6.

30 thirty

1 wasn't

b. No, it wasn 't.

/ weren't. in London last night.

4. a. They were very upset.


b. Yes, there was.

5. a. l'm phon ing the police .


b. l'm worried.

B Listen and check your answers.

unit 3

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


KATE: Hi ! How was your trip to York?
RICHARD: The trip was OK, but my brother

was disappointed. What about you?


What's new?
KATE: My friend Jenny and 1were

on a tour yesterday.
RICHARD: Oh, how was it?
KATE: lt was interesting. We were at

Buckingham Palace !

2 In pairs, change the words in colour.


Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write


their answers.

What's your name?

How was your last trip?

1.
2.

3.

DIO VOU KNOW?

Hyde Park is one of London's eight Royal Parks.


The park is very big - 1.4 square kilometres and it has even got a lake in it. Hyde Park is
the home of the famous Speaker's Cerner.
This is a special area in the park. People can
go there to speak about anything they
want. Have you got anything to say?

What's new?

1 went to ...
1 Listen, read and repeat.
What did you do?

Lis ten, Heien. l've got sorne bad news.


Somebody was in our flat this morning
and took our 'fV and CDs.

No, I did n 't. But 1 v isited galleries


and 1 went t o the m arket.

2 A listen and complete the dialogue.


HELEN: So how 1 ....... . .~.i.~...... ... they get in ?
ANGELA: They got in through t he w indow in the 2 ...................... .
HELEN: Yes, it

is a very big

3 ...................... .

ANGELA: And they 4 ...... ................ t he TV out through the window, too.
HELEN: l'm so angry they took our new TV.
ANGELA: And l'm s....... .... ..... .. . :.. because they took al/ my favourite CDs.
HELEN: They really 6 ... . . .............. . .. your music collection !
ANGELA: Very funny!

B Listen again and check your answers.

Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: What did y.ou do yesterday?
STUDENT 2: 1went to the library / the cinema / th e park.

32 thir ty-two

uni t 4
GRAMMAR

4A

Read t he grammar box.

C Complete the sentences w ith the verbs in brackets.


Use the Past Simple.
1.

1 .... .l.i.~t:;n~d

.....

(listen) to music last night.

2. Ken ......... ... ........... (play) the guitar yesterday.

AFFIRMATIVE :

3. We ...... .... ............. (work) ata pub last summer.


You

4 . Carmen ............. .... ... ... (phone) Angela yesterday.

He

5. Cheng and Alberto ....... ................ (study) far the

She

test last week.

worked yesterday.

lt

6. You ....... ................ (stop) your car at the red light.

We

You

5A

They
SPELLING RULES:

Read the grammar box.


-

PAS_T,:_~~E!=l!!_~~G~LAR~VERBS--

regular:

work - worked

but:

phone - phoned

eat

ate

stop - stopped

drink

drank

study - studied

g ive

gave

play - played

go

went

have

had

know

knew

meet

met

read

read

see

saw

teach

taught

think

thought

write

wrote

ASE FORM

B Complete the chart.


PAST SIMPLE - REGULAR VERBS

Base Form

1. walk

Past Simple

wa lked

2. dance

PAST SIMPLE

3. play
4. stop
5. visit
6.

try

7. plan
8. listen

B Complete t he sentences w ith verbs below.


Use the Past Simple.

write

eat

give

see

jJ

think

1. You ....... w.~n~ ........ to Cambridge a few years ago.


2.

1 ................... . ...

all t he pizza yesterday !

3. Angela ................ .. ..... an e-mail last night.


9. exercise

4 . The students ................. .. .... about the teacher's

1O. study

question.
5.

1 . . ... ..... . . ........ .. .

a fil m last week.

6. Helen .... ....... .......... .. Carmen a book far her


birthday.

thirty-three

33

WORDS HOLIDAY ACTIVITIES

A Listen, read and repeat.

tour the city

go to the theatre

go camping

visit the zoo

go to the park

visit markets

visit art galleries

go to the beach

B What did you do on your last holiday? Tell the class your answers.
1 went camping and 1 went to the beach.

What did you see?


7 Listen, read and repeat.
Did you have a
nice weekend with
. your farnily, Cheng?
1

We saw a baby elephant. What a


big baby! And we visited the snake
house. My daughter didn't like the
snakes, but rny son loved thern.

34 thirty-four

On Saturday, we went to Madame Tussauds


Wax Museurn. On Sunday, we went to
London Zoo. It was fantastic!

unit4

8A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


CARMEN:
HELEN:
CARMEN:

1 1 ... ... h~0

........ a fantastic w eekend!

What did you do?


On Saturday morn ing, Angela and 1 2 ... .. .... .... .. .. .. ... ... .
Portobello Road Ma rket.

HELEN:
CARMEN:

Did you 3 ....... . .. ..... . .. . .. .... . anything int eresting?


No, we just looked around . We

4 . ... .. .... . .... . . . .... . ...

buy anything .

HELEN: So w hat did yo u do Ol 5 .... . .. . .. .. . . ... .. ...... ?


CARMEN:
HELEN:
CARMEN:

16 .. .... .......... .. .. .. .. .. to the zoo.


Oh, Cheng was at the zoo, too. He w ent there w ith his family.
1didn't know th ey were t here. 1 did n't see t hem,
but 17 .... .. .... .. . . . .... . .... . . a beaut if ul baby giraffe.

1....................... lots of pictures.

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.

~~

--------------' PAST SIMPLE


NEGATIVE:

You
He I She / lt

did not (didn't) work yesterday.

We
You

They

B Correct the sentences, using the words in brackets. Use the Past Simple affirmative and negative.
1. Carmen went to a museum yesterday. (art gallery)

Carmen didn't. go t.o a museum yest.erday. She went. t.o a n art. ga llery.

................. ..... ....... ..... ... ....... ...... ..... .... ..... ..... ..... ...... .............. ........ ...... .. .... ............... ... ...........
2. Angela studied Chinese last week. (Japanese)

3.

1 worked

in a shop many years ago. (office)

4. We lived in England last summer. (ltaly)

5. Carmen gave Angela a pen. (dictionary)

thirty-five

35

10 A

Read the grammar box.


B Put the words in the correct order to make questions.
1. study / Eng lish I you / year / did /a / ago
QUESTIONS:

..t?i.~..:!.~.~- -~~~0.~ -~~0.l_i_s.~. 0.~~~r..~<?? .................


2. last / your parents I did / Paris /tour/ summer

you
he
Did

she
it

work yesterday?

3. Ken / television / last / watch / nig ht / did

we
they
SHORT A

4. Helen / dinner / cook / did / yesterday

SWERS:

5. work I Alberto and A ngela / d id / week / last

Yes, 1 did. I No, 1 didn't.

C What did you do yesterday? Tick(/) the column


that is true for you.
Did you ...

Yes, 1did.

O Write about things you did last week.

No, 1didn't.

1. watch a fi lm?
2. listen to music?
3. study Eng lish?
4. visit a friend?

5. cook dinner?

6. clea n the house?

WORDS ANIMALS

11

A Listen, read and repeat.

cow

snake

lion

t iger

bear

zebra

pig

monkey

fox

elephant

giraffe

horse

B Describe an animal. Can your partner guess what animal it is?


It's grey. It's very big and it has got a long nose.

36 thirty-six

Is it an elephant?

Yes, it is.

unit4
READINCi

12

A Read about Cambridge and its university.

CAMBRIDGE
and its

The city of Cambridge is about 80 kilometres from London. It's the


home of Cambridge University, one of the best universities in the world.
Cambridge is a very old university. It started in 1209.
Many famous people studied at Cambridge. Sir Isaac Newton, the
famous physicist and mathematician, graduated from Cambridge
University hundreds of years ago. Another famous physicist, Stephen
Hawking, studied at Cambridge and taught there, too.
Cambridge University hadan important role in football history. At one
time, every school played football using different rules. In 1848, people
from many schools got together at Cambridge and made the Cambridge
Rules. They are very close to the rules we use to play football today.

B Tick (/') the sentences T (true) or F (false).


T

1. Cambridge University is about 80 kilometres from London.


2. Cambridge University started 200 years ago.
3. Sir Isaac Newton was a student at Cambridge.
4. Stephen Hawking taught at Cambridge.
5. Students at Cambridge did not play football befare 1848.
6. Modern football rules are very different from Cambridge Rules.

PRONUNCIATION

13

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the different pronunciation of the verb endings
in each group.
1. played

listened

lived

2. w alked

tal ked

watched

3. started

visited

graduated
LANGUAGE PRACTICE

page~7879 ~

thirty-seven 37

WORD LIST
bear

giraffe

ho rse

snake

visit the zoo

cow

go camping

lion

t iger

welcome back

elephant

go t o the beach

look around

tour the city

zebra

fox

go to t he park

monkey

visit art galleries

funny

go t o the theatre

pig

v isit markets

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

1 Look at the word list above and do the

2 Complete the sentences with the verbs below.

following.

Use the Past Simple.

1. List three things you can do in the city.

write

.~.'?. :t?.~~.~. :~~~~.~~................................. .

go

not buy

1. Paul ......... !~vt;0

not work

......... in a flat last year.

2. 1 ........................ . to the zoo yesterday.


3 . We ....................... .. any food.

2. Write the correct word for each picture.

4. Lisa ......................... in a pub three years ago.


5 . You ....... .................. a beautiful story.

3 Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.


1.

1 took

photos at the zoo.

p~~ Y?.~ -~~~e..P.~.~.~.'?.~. -~.~ t~~ ~??~ ........_.. ___ _


bear

2. Deborah and Terry had lunch together.

3. Mark went to the beach yesterday.

4 . Jennifer phoned her cousin.

LISTENING

4A

Listen and choose the correct answer.

1 . a. lt's a cow.

b. Yes, 1 did.

2. a. No, 1 didn't.

b. No, we weren't.

3. a. They watch TV.

b. They watched TV

4. a. No, 1 didn 't.

b. No, 1 wasn't.

5. a.

b.

1 didn't

like it.

1 saw

B Listen and check your answers.

38 thirty-eight

a baby tiger.

unit4

1
1 Listen and read the dialogue.
OLIVIA: Hi, Sue.
SUE: Welcome back, Olivia . Did you like Paris?
OLIVIA: Yes, 1did. 1 had a very nice t ime.
SUE: What did you do there?
OLIVIA: 1walked around the city.
SUE: Did you go to Notre Dame Cathedral ?
OLIVIA: No, 1didn't. But 1visited many museums .

What did you do last week?


SUE: 1went to the theatre w ith friends.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour.


Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


What's your name?

What did you do this week?

1.
2.

3.

DID YOU KNOW?

Everyone knows London has got beautiful parks, but


it has also got city farms. Freightliner's City Farm is in
the middle of London. They grow vegetables and sell
t hem in the farm shop. There are cows, goats and
sheep at Freightliner's. Visitors can watch the farmers
milk cows and learn to make cheese and ice cream.
Many Londoners come to Freightliner's City Farm to
enjoy t he country feeling and the quiet.

Did you have a good week?

lt'll be sunny.
1 Listen, read and repeat.

1 don 't know.


Let's look at the weather forecast ...
Friday will be cold and windy. Oh, no!

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

HELEN: Let 's have lunch in the 1.......P..~.r~.......

tomorrow.
ANGELA: That wi ll be fun, but 2 ................... .

the weather be nice?


HELEN: Let's look at the

Intern et weather
fo recast.
ANGELA: Oh, dear. Saturday

wil l be 3 .................... .
HELEN: lt 'll be cold and 4 .......... .... ...... , too.
ANGELA: 1 guess we s.................... go to the

But Saturday and Sunday will be hot and


sunny. There'll be beautiful summer weatherl

park on 6 ...... ........ ...... .


HELEN: 1thin k 1won't get out of bed at all !

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: Will the weather be nice?
STUDENT 2: lt w ill be cold / windy I rainy / hot I

sunny. / lt won 't rain .

unit 5
WORDS SEASONS ANO THE WEATHER

4A

Listen, read and repeat.

summer

rainy

winter

autumn

snowy

cloudy

sunny

hot

spring

cold

windy

warm

B Look at the weather report and describe


the weather.

1.

T.1?:.~.~-~.1?:.~9'~-~~0.~!'!?1-VY... .................... .

2 ..... .............. ......................... ................... .

3 ............................................ ................... .
4 ............................................... ................ .

5 . ......... .... ........... ..................... ...... ........... .

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.


FUTURE: WILL

AFFIRMATIVE:

1.

1 .................... .....

t ravel to another country

in the summer.

You
He I She I lt

B Complete the sentences with will or won't.


Make the sentences true for you.:

will go tomorrow.

We

2. My family ... ...................... live in England next year.


3. M y friend ..... .................... be a milliona ire.

They

4. 1 ......................... buy a car one day.


NEGATIVE:

5. lt ......................... snow here tomorrow.


6. My friends ........ ..... ........ .... visit me this week.

You
He I She I lt

will not (won't) go tomorrow.

We
They

forty-one 41

6A

Read the grammar box.


FUTURE: WILL

B Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.


1. lt will be hot today.

.W.i.1 !.!~te..~.C?:t'.-. ~~0.!'lY?. ................... .. .


QUESTIONS:

2. You w ill get a good mark in the test.

you

3. lt will rain at the weekend.

he

Will

she

go tomorrow?

it
we

4. Your family will visit you soon.

they
SHORT ANSWERS:

5. Your holiday will be great.

Yes, we will. /No, we won't.

We're going to Brighton!


7 Listen, read and repeat.
Alberto and I are

Are you going


on a boat ride?

unit 5

8A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


l'm

ALBERTO:

1... ~.~-e~i~~

my fri ends at the beach at 11.00.

W hat are you 2 ... ... .. . . ...... .... t o do in Bri ghton ?


l'm t aking a 3 . ........ . ... . ... . . . tour, remember?

CARMEN:

Then

4 .. . ..... ... ...... ...

going shopping.

Do you w ant to have dinner with us? s.. ... ... ........... .

ALBERTO:

going to a very good Greek restaurant.


CARMEN:

Oh, yes. Great idea!

ALBERTO:

Good! We're going to 6 ......... . ... . .... .. at the restaurant


at half past

7.... .. .. .. ..... ......

lt's near t he train station .

B Listen again and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.


-

---

..

-- ---- FUTURE: BE GOINCi TO ---

AFFIRMATIVE:

NEGATVE:

am ('m) going to see.

am ('m) not going to see.


He

He
She

is ('s) going to see.

She

lt

lt

You

You

We

are ('re) going to see.

We

is not (isn't) going to see.

are not (aren't) going to see.

They

They

B Read the sentences. Explain what the people are going to do. Use be going to and the words below.
go to sleep

play football

study

go~h

clean t

1. Cheng li kes sw imming ...H.e. . i. ~ .0. 0.i.~.0. :t:-~. fW~~ -~~-~--~-~~.l?h: ... ...... ............. ........ ................................ .... .
2. My flat is di rty. ........................ ..................... ..... .......................... .... .... .......................... .... ...... ........... .
3. Helen is ti red . ... ...................... .. ... ................. ..... .............................. ..... ... ........................ ........... ..... .. .
4. The students have got a test tomorrow ........................ ....................... ......... ................. .. .. ....... ..........
5. We are bored . ... ..................... ... ........................... ..... .................. ....... .... ........ ................ ......... ......... .. .

C Write the sentences you wrote in B in the negative.

1. .. ~-~--~~'.~ .0.C?..~.0 . ~~-g~-~~ -~~-~- -~-~~~0: ......................... ........... ......... .

2 .. ..... ...... ... .. ............. .. .. .. ... ..... ....... .... ..... ... ... .. .. ............. .. ... .. .... .... ... ... .. .. ... ........... ... .
3 . .. ....... .... ... ............. ... .... ....... ......... .......... .. .. .. ......... ........ ............. ..... .................. .. .. .
4 . ....... .... ... ..................... ... ... .. ... ................ .. .. ... .................. ........... .... .. ... .................. .
5 ................... ...... .. ........................................ .. .. ..................... ........ ...... ... .. ............... .
forty-three 43

10

A Read the grammar box.


-

-- -

-~

------

-~

--- FUTURE: BE' GOING - TO

:)l;"IESTIONS

- -

1i tORT Ar SWERS:

Am 1going to see ... ?


Is he I she I it going to see ... ?
Are you I we I they going to see ... ?

Yes, 1 am. / No, l'm not.


Yes, he is. I No, he isn't.
Yes, we are. I No, we aren't.

B Put the words in the correct arder to make questions.


4.

the city / she / is / going /tour/ to

2. cook / is I to/ Ken / dinner / tonight / going

5.

they I to I are/ going / at the pub/ meet

3. to/ going /are/ work / they / tomorrow

6.

going / this afternoon /are/ study /to/ we

1. visit / you /to / are / the museum / going

.i'.\:.i:.Y.~~. g~~~-0..t.C?.-~!~~t. -~-~-~- .t11.~~~~ ~?. ............ .

11

A Read the grammar box.


MONDAY
10.00 A-M m.ed- Mr s~
TUESDAY
6.00 PM

She is meeting her brother next week.

Yi::aYt extrc-e CIM

WEDNESDAY

B Read Cheng's diary. What is he doing this week?


Write sentences using the Present Continuous.
1.

T HURSDAY
FRIDAY

9_~--~~~-d-~_Y_~~Y?:~?..1!1:.~~e-~-~- !~ .1!1.~~~-~~--~-~-::?i~-~-<?~~-..

2..... ........ ..... ... .... ..... ................. .............................. .... .... ..

SATURDAY

3 ................. ................................ ............... ... ............. ... .. ..

9twiy jor Eftjdt tMt

4.. ... ........ ................................................................ ... ... ... .

SUNDAY
8.00 PM

5..... ....................... .. ................... .. ............ ............. ......... .

kaue ~ wit Km

WORDS TRANSPORT

12

A Listen, read and repeat.

B Answer the questions about the


types of transport in A.
1. Wh ich types of transport can only
transport one o r two people?

car

aeroplane

lorry

train

-~.<?Y.0!~.'.......................... ................ .

underground

2.

Wh ich types of transport can


transport more than 1O people?

taxi

44 forty- four

motorcycle

bicycle

boat

bus

3.

Which types of transport do you


use on a street? .... ......... ............... .

unit5
READING

13

B Read the questions and choose the correct


answer.

A Read Carmen's e-mail.

To:

angela@mymail.com

From :

carmen_o@messenger.com

Subject:

Hi from Brighton

1. Is Carmen staying in Brighton for another day?


@Yes, she is.

b. No, she isn't.

2. Will it be cold tomorrow in Brighton?


a. Yes, it will.

b. No, it won't.

3. Is Alberto having tea at the Badger's Tea

Hi Angela,
l'm having a great time in Brighton. In
fact, l' m going to stay here w ith Alberto
for another day. According to the w eather
forecast, it'll be sunny tomorrow, too .
We're going to the beach in the morning.
Then , we're going to have tea at the
Badger's Tea House. After that, l' m going
to take a taxi to the Brighton Museum
and Art Gallery. Alberto is going to stay at
the beach. In the afternoon , he's going to
meet me at Hove Lagoon because we're
taking another boat ride! Then we're
going to take the evening train back to
London.

House?
a. Yes, he is.

b. No, he isn't.

4. Is Carmen taking a train to the


Brighton Museum?
a. Yes, she is.

b . No, she isn't.

5. Are Alberto and Carmen taking a boat in the


evening?
a. Yes, they are.

b. No, they aren't.

6. Are Alberto and Carmen returning to


London tomorrow?
a. Yes, they are.

b. No, they aren't.

How about meeting us tomorrow evening


at Jack's Pub?
Love,
Carmen

C Write about your plans for tomorrow.

PRONUNCIATION

14

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the verbs in colour.
1. lt' ll rain.

2.

won't go.

3. lt won't snow.

4. We' ll come.
LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages

BO:~.

.J

forty-five

45

WORD LIST
aeroplane

bus

lorry

stay

underground

autumn

car

motorcycle

sumrner

warrn

beach

cloudy

rain y

sunny

weather forecast

bicycle

cold

snowy

taxi

windy

boat

hot

spring

train

winter

VOCABULARY

1 Look at the word list above and do the


following exercises.

3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use be going to.
1. Ken .. .i.s_n_':t_ g~! ~g..~Q..~9.".'.~ ... (not work) at
the pub on Friday night.

1. List the four seasons.


winter

2. Helen ... ................................ . (cook) dinner.

3 .... .. .. .... .... .......... you ....... .................. (drive)


to work tomorrow?

2. List four words that describe the weather.


cold

4. 1.............. ........... ... (not go) to school today.

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs below.


3. List three types of transport that can
carry 100 people.

.... .:t;min ........ .........

Use the Present Continuous.


read
1.
2.

have

1..~.1!1..C?.1~~~! ~0. ....

watch

the flat tomorrow.

. .. .. .. ... ................ you .......................... the


football match tonight?

CiRAMMAR

3. Cheng ........ ......... .... .... my book at the


weekend.

2 Put the words in the correct order.


1. visit / Helen / ltaly / this summer / won't /.

. -~ ~1.~.~ ..~<?.~.':t:Yi.~.i.~..1~~ ly -~-~_i_s_ .s.~.tl'.1.tl'.1 .~:... ....


2. rain/ won't / tomorrow / it / .

3.

4 . We .. .................. ...... pizza later tonight.

LISTENINCi

5 AListen and choose the correct answer.


1. a. No, they haven't.

b. No, it won't.

2. a. Yes, it is.

b. Yes, it w ill.

3. a. l'm going to

b. l've gota

/a millionaire /be/ w ill / .


read a book.

4. London / t hey / in / will / be/ tomorrow / ?

dog.

4. a. No, we didn't.

b. No, l'm not.

5. a. Yes, he is.

b. Yes, he does.

B Listen and check your answers.

46 forty-six

unit 5

( IT'S ~OUR TURN J


1 Listen and read the dialogue.
HILLARY: l'm going to take a train to Brighton

tomorrow.
JASON: Oh. What are you going to do there?
HILLARY: l'm going on a boat ride.
JASON: Are you taking a tour, too?
HILLARY: Yes, 1am. l'm taking a walking tour

of the city.
JASON: Are you going to travel with Brian ?
HILLARY: Yes,

1 am .

JASON: Will the weather be nice tomorrow?


HILLARY: Yes, it'll be warm .
JASON: l'm sure you'll have a great trip!

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your


new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


What's your name?

What are you going to do tomorrow?

Will the weather be nice?

............................................................ " ...............................................................................................................................................................


1.

2.

________......_______

3.

...__.

DID YOU KNOW?

London is famous for its underground


train system. lts real name is the London
Undergro und, but Londoners call it
"The Tu be". lt was the first underground
in the world. lt opened in 1863.
The London Underground isn't only old,
it is also very long. lt is more t han 400
kilometres long and it has got 275 stations .

~--------- ---------- -

----~ ---------- --------- - ---- - -----

nit
What should 1 order?
1 Listen, read and repeat.
When did your family
fly back to Hong Kong?

I don't knowmaybe the

I'm just having a sandwich.


I can't stay long because I'm meeting
a businessman from Hong Kong at 2.00.

1 can't decide.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

CARMEN: 1just love this 1....~~?.~.~-~-~~~-~-- ....

ANGELA: Yes, it's one of 2 . .. ... .... . .... ....... .... . favou rites. We 3 ..... . .......... . .......... come here more often.
CARMEN: Hmmm ... The big salad with 4 ........................... looks delicious.
ANGELA: l'm going to order it, too, but 1don 't want s.................. ...... ... onions in it.
CARMEN: Where's our wa iter? 1 6 ............. . ... . .... . ... . see him.
ANGELA: Oh, dear. 1 haven't got much time. 1 ? .... . . . ... . ...... .. ... .. ... be at home by 2.00 .
CARMEN: Oh, there he is. Excuse me. s ..... ..... .... .. ........... we order, please?

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1:

What should 1order?

STUDENT 2: The fish / onion soup ! chicken with tomatoes is very good.

48 forty-eight

unit 6
WORDS

4A

FOOD ANO DRINK

Listen, read and repeat.

soup

fish

salad

sandwich

bread

meat

-.,.J
"...
fruit

chicken

tomato

onion

orange juice

milk

B Choose the word that doesn't belong.


1.

salad onion

2.

meat salad chicke n

3. orange juice milk fish

GRAMMAR

5A

Read the grammar box.


MODALS

SHOULD

CAN

We should eat here. The food is good.

1can cook.

We shouldn't eat here. The food isn't good .

1can't cook.

Should we eat here? Is the food good?

You can have a salad.


Can 1 order now ?

MUST

1must go now. l've got a meeting.

B Choose the correct answer.


1. lt's rainy. We can l@run in the park.
2. The test is early in the morning. 1 should / shouldn't go to sleep soon.
3. Oh, no! There isn't any milk. 1 can/ must go to the supermarket
right now to get sorne milk for the cat.
4. Angela has got something to tell Helen. She should I can't call her.
5. The museum is open. We must /can go in.
6. Cathy wants to do well in the English test. She can I should study.
forty-nine 49

We mustn't miss the train.


6 Listen, read and repeat.
Dave's gota boat and we
can use it. He's also gota
fantastic sound system.

Alberto and I are going to Cornwall for


five days. We're renting a house from my
friend Dave. You can come with us.

THE NEXT DAY

Should I take my camera?


Did you take yours?

Ken, we're only going for five days.


You shouldn't take all your CDs.

7A

Ken, hurry up! Let 's go.


We mustn't miss the train.

Listen and complete the dialogue.


CHENG:

We're meeting Dave by his boat at 12.00. We mustn't be

1 .....l~:f'.-~ .... .. ...

Where are the sandwiches, Ken?


KEN: They're in the fridge.

put 2 ........ .. . ......... on the top shelf.

Alberto, your sandwich is here.


ALBERTO:
KEN:
ALBERTO:
CHENG:

Ken, are you taking 3 .................... camera?


Yes,

am.

want to take sorne

You shouldn't take it. s.. ... ............... get wet on the boat.
6 ..... ... .. .. ........ bus leaves in ten minutes. Let's run.

B Listen again and check your answers.

50 fifty

4 .................... .

unit 6
GRAMMAR

8A

Read the grammar box.


MODALS

MUSTN'T

We mustn't be late for the meeting .

B Complete the sentences w ith


1.

,
1 ve

must or mustn't.

.
. at 4 .00 . 1 ......................
mustn't ... be 1at e.
gota business
meeting

2. The students have gota test tomorrow. They ....... .. ................ study tonight.
3. That snake is very dangerous. You ........ .............. ... go near it.
4. That f ish smells bad . You .. ..................... .. eat it.

C Choose the correct answer.


1.

can't go to t he party.

191shouldn't study tonight.

2. You are ill. You can I should go to the doctor.


3. Do you like this cake? 1 can/ mustn't get you another piece.
4. The train leaves at 6.00. We should / mustn't miss the train.
5.

1 must

/ can't talk t o you now. l'm very busy.

6. You can / shouldn't worry about t he test. lt wi ll be fine.

9A

Read the grammar box.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

my

mine

yo u

your

yours

he

his

his

she

her

hers

it

its

its

we

our

ours

yo u

your

yours

they

their

theirs

1 have got a dog. This is my dog. The dog is mine.

B Choose the correct answer.


1. The book on the table is my

1S

2. W here is our / ours pizza?


3. This cat is t heir / theirs.
4. Is this dictionary yo ur / yours?
5. What is her I h ers name?
fifty-one

51

10

WORDS

A Read the grammar box.


.. -

----- -- ----

---- - OBJET PRONOUNS


...

12

TECHNOLOGY

A Listen, read and repeat.

OBJECT PRONOUNS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

me
yo u

yo u

he

him

she

her

it

it

we

us

they

them

She is nice. 1 like her.

mobile phone

camera

sound system

fridge

air conditioner

They are students. 1 study with them.

B Complete the sentences with object pronouns.


1. lt's A ngela's birthday. We shou ld buy

.........h ~r ..........

a ca ke.

2. Ken wants t his book. Can you give it to


. . .... ......... . ... .... . . .7

kettle

alarm dock

fJ

laptop

3. Helen 's parents are excited. She is going to


visit ...... .... .. ............. in the summer.

4. Al berto can 1 meet ........................ .

washing machine

microwave oven

tomorrow? l've gota test today.

5. 1can't do the homework. Please help

B Complete the sentences with the words


in A.
1. Is there any milk in the ....

6. Cheng and

are going to a concert tonight.

Can you come w ith ...... ............ ....... ?

7. 1heard a good CD at A lberto's.


1

J'..i0W::.......... ?

2. The CD player on my .... ........... ......... .


isn 't working.

3. 1am putting my dirty clothes into the

boug ht ...... ........... ........ today.

4 . Let's take sorne photos w ith our new

PRONUNCIATION
5. Do you want a cup of tea? l'm putting

11

Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the


pronunciation of the modals.
1. You can't leave.
2 . You shouldn't leave.

3. You mustn't leave .

water in the .............. .... ....... .

6. lt's so hot! Put on the .................... ..... .


7. Please set the ............... .. ..... .... 1must
wake up at 7.00.

8. The soup is cold. l'm going to warm it in


the ........ .. ............... .

9. 1can't w rite an e-mail today. My


.............. ........ ... isn't w orking. 1'11 send
an SMS on my ... .. .. ......... ......... .

52

fifty- two

unit 6

READING

13

A Re ad about a British chef, Jamie Oliver.

Jamie Oliver is a famous British chef. He had very


popular cooking programmes on TV. The first one was
The Naked Chef. According to Jamie, good food should
be easy to make. On his programmes, he showed people
how to make delicious meals using fresh meat, fish,
vegetables and fruit.
On his cooking programme, Jamie's School Dinners,
he worked hard to make a change in the type of food
students eat at school cafeteras. He wanted to stop the
junk food culture, so he showed schools how they can
serve healthy, as well as delicious, meals for children.
Jamie gave schools tips on what they must do to make
their dinners a success.
A restaurant called Fifteen is another project of Jamie's.
Jamie took fifteen young people without jobs or money
to work in his restaurant. He taught them how to cook.
Now many of them have got jobs in good restaurants.
As you can see, Jamie is not only a chef. He's a very
special person.

B Tick (/) the sentences T (true) or F (false).

1. Jamie's f irst cooking programme was The Naked Chef.


2. Jam ie often shows people how to cook difficult meals.
3. Jamie likes using fresh food in his cooking.
4. According to Jamie, students shou ld eat more chocolate and cakes.
5. Jamie doesn't think it's important for chi ldren to li ke their school dinners.
6. Jamie has got a restaurant.
7. Jamie helped f ifteen young people become chefs.
C Write 5 things you shou/d or shouldn't do to keep yourself healthy.


........................... .......... .................................................. ................................. ... ........... .. ..........................
LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 82-83

fifty-three 53

WORD LIST
air conditioner

excellent

hurry up

onion

to mato

alarm dock

favourite

kettle

orange juice

washing machine

bread

fish

laptop

rent

wet

camera

fly

meat

salad

chicken

for long

microwave oven

sandwich

decide

fridge

milk

sound system

delicious

fruit

mobile phone

soup

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

1 Look at the word list above and do the following.

2 Choose the correct answer.

1. List three things you only use in the kitchen.

1.

1 don't

like going to the beach because

l@ I shouldn't swim.

kettle

2. You shou ld / shou ldn't drink water.


3. Someone took my money!

1 can/

must

phone the police.


2. Complete the puzzle according to the pictures.

4. You must / mustn't eat that old sandwich '

3 Choose the correct answer.


2
3

s o u p

1. Where is~/ mine camera?


2. When is her/ hers birthday?
3. This car isn't my /mine. lt's their / theirs.

4 Complete the sentences with object pronouns.


1. Lucy is sad. Talk to ........... ~.~r .........
6

2. Dan is here. Do you know .............. .. .. ....... ?


3. l've gota new car. 1 love ....................... .. !
4. l'm talking. Listen to ....................... .. .

LISTENING

ACROSS'

DOWN....

5A

Listen and choose the correct answer.

1. a. My dictionary.

b. A salad .

2. a. Yes, you can .

b. No, you mustn't.

3. a.

b.

1 can't

decide.

shouldn't decide.

4. a. We mustn't miss it.

b. We must miss it.

5. a. Here, use yours.

b. Here, use mine.

B Listen and check your answers.

54 fifty-four

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


JOY: 1like this restaurant.
OWEN: Yes, it's very nice. So, w hat should

1o rd er?
JOY: The fish and the chicken are delicious.

1can't stay for long so 1'11 just have


tomato soup.
OWEN: And 1'11 order the sa lad .
JOY: Just the salad?
OWEN: Yes, l'm meeting Sam at 2.30.

1mustn't be late.
JOY: OK, let's order. Can you see our waiter?

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your new dialogue.
3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.
1 What's your name?

What do you often have for lunch?

What can you cook?

~:

2.
3.

DIO YOU KNOW?

Ready Steady Cook is a famous cooking programme


on t he BBC. Two contestants get f 5 to go shopping
fo r food. They bring the food to the programme, and
then each contestant cooks the food with t he help of a
famous chef. They have only got 20 minutes to prepare
a w hole meal ! The best meal w ins.

fifty- five

55

nit
l've bought ...
1 Listen, read and repeat.
D

Hi, Ken! Good to hear

No, 1 haven't, but


Cheng has already been
horse-riding twice.

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

ANGELA: Hi, Alberto. Are you having a good time in Cornwall?

ALBERTO: Yes.1 lt's 1 .....


...been
...... ...... f ant ast.1c so f ar.
1

ANGELA: 2 ....... ............. you been to the sea ?


ALBERTO: Yes,
ANGELA: Oh,

1 have.
1 love

We 3 .................... sailing yesterday.

sailing .

ALBERTO: And Ken, Cheng and

1 have

walked all over Cornwal l.

ANGELA: 4 ................... else have you done?


ALBERTO: We've done so many things. s ... ................ tell you everything

when 1 get back to 6 ... ... .. ... ... ... .. . .

B Listen again and check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: Have you b~en to the sea?
STUDENT 2: Yes,

56 fifty-six

have . /No, 1 haven't.

unit 7
CiRAMMAR

4A

Read the grammar box.


.

---~

--

B Complete the sentences with

-----------~-~--

,_,,_ PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE-

1. The students ..... . -~~~~ --- ..... finished their homework .

2.
AFFIRMATIVE:

have or has.

1 ..... .. ........... . ......

already eaten the pizza.

3. Carmen ............. .. .......... worked at the clothes shop


for seven months.

yo u

have I 've done

we

4. Alberto ....... .................. been in London since

{have + past participle)

they

September.
5. Helen and Angel a .. ........ .......... ..... just bought a

he

has/ 's done

she

table.

(has + past participle)

it

6. You .. ....................... studied English for two years.

1have done my homework.


Ken has done his homework.

Complete the chart.


Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

1.

live

/ived

lived

2.

go

went

gane

3.

be

was I were

4.

eat

5.
6.

played
come

7. take
8.

9.

w rote
see

10.

11 .
12.

done
me et
bought

'--D Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present Perfect Simple.
lived
fl at f ora year.
1. He1en an d A nge 1a ......have
...........
........ (l.1ve ) in th e1r
2. Cheng ........................ ......... ... .. (see) that film befare.
3. Carmen ......... .................. .. ........ . (go) to work.
4 . Angela ....... .. .................. ........... (write) an e-mail.
5. Alberto and Carmen .... .... .............. ................ (visit) the British Museum twice.
6. Helen ................ ............. ......... (do) sorne homework.

fifty-seven 57

WORDS SPORT

5A

Listen, read and repeat.

Rave you ever ... ?


6 Listen, read and repeat.
)

D
rugby

rollerblading

boxing

Well, I haven't. There are so many


things I want to do in England,
but I haven't had time so far.
basketball

horse-rid i ng

skiing

cycling

skateboarding

B With a partner, talk about


the sports you like and
don't like.

58 fifty-eight

!o

Actually, I've never


been outside Europe.
What's Japan like?

OK, but first I want


to go to South Arnerica.
Carmen has promised
to go with me to the
Amazon Jungle!

unit7
7A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


HELEN:
KEN:

So what about you, Ken? W here 1 . ..... h~Y'.~....... you travel led?
l've 2 ...... .. ...... .... .. . . ..... all over Europe.
Have you 3 ...................... .. .. . to lta ly?

HELEN:

KEN: Yes, 1 have. 1was there last year. What about you, Helen?
HELEN:

4 .... .. ...... ...... .. .... .. .

w ant to go to Lake Como . Ken, have you

s .... .. .... ....... .... .. .... to Greece?

ever
KEN:

been to ltaly yet.

No,

haven't, but 1 really want to see Athens.

HELEN: Well, when you go to Greece, you


6 ....... . .. .. ........ ....... stay with my fami ly.

KEN:

Thanks, that's a great idea .


Maybe 1 7 ........ : .... .. ............ .

B Listen and check your answers.

PRONUNCIATION

8 Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the different vowel sounds.


1. w eek

3. tea

5. be

7. cycl ing

2. it

4. th is

6. boxing

8.

skiing

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.

B Write sentences with the words below. Use the Present


Perfect Simple.
1. Cheng I not clean I the fridge

NEGATIVE:

Cheng hasn't cleaned the fridge.

2. You / not write / an e-ma il to Ken


yo u

have not

we

(haven't) done

they
he
she

3. Angela and Helen I not meet I Cheng's chi ld ren


has not
(hasn't) gone

it

4. Alberto I not buy I bread

1 haven't done my homework.


Ken hasn't done his homework.

5. Carmen and 1/ not finis h / our work

6 . Helen and Alberto I not go I skateboarding

fifty-nine

59

10

A Read the grammar box.


B Put t he words in the correct order to make questions.
1. Cheng /basketball I with Alberto/ today / played /has
QUESTIONS:

.~~.6..~~.~.~.~.P..1~x~~ . ~~~~~.~.~~.1!.~.i~~.'.".1.b~~.~-~?0~X~ .....


2. you I have I a boxing match I been /to

you
Ha ve

done ... ?

we
they

3. Alberto/ has I exercised / this morning

he
Has

she

done ... ?

4. this summer / visited / have / your fami ly / you

it

5. Ken I to Cambridge I t he t rain / taken / has

SHORT ANSWERS:

Yes, 1have. / No, 1 haven't.


Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't.

WORDS GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

11

A Listen, read and repeat.


B Writ e t he geographical feature next
to each name.

beach

1.

Sahara

... ... desert


............. ..... .

2.

Niagara

. ... .... .. .......... .....

3.

Nile

.......... ... ............

4.

Everest

. ....... .................

5.

Mediterranean

6. Como
waterfall

sea

valley

lake

desert

60

sixty

mountain

river

jungle

unit7
READING

12

A Read about the Lake District.


B Choose the TWO correct answers.
1. The Lake District is .. ...
@specia l
b. ugly

(0 popular
2. The Lake District is about .... .
a. 50 kilometres wide
b. 50 kilometres long

c. 3,000 kilometres long

Geography
The Lake District has been one of the most popular
areas in Great Britain for many years. lt is an area about
50 kilometres long and 50 kilometres wide in Cumbria, in
Northwest Britain. It has got hills, valleys, rivers, villages,
towns and beaches, and of course lakes - 16 large ones
and many small ones.

Scenery
Sorne famous artists have painted the beautiful scenery
of the Lake District and many writers and poets have
written about it. The famous poet William Wordsworth
wrote a book about the district in 1810. Tourists often
use Wordsworth's book when they visit this beautiful area.

Touring
There are many ways to see the lakes. You can walk
or ride a bicycle along the 3,000 kilometres of paths.
Sailing and fishing on the rivers and lakes has always been
popular, too. Whichever way you choose to tour the Lake
District, you shouldn't miss this special part of England!

3. The Lake District is in .....


a. Cumbria
b. Northwest Britain

c. London
4. There are .... lakes in the
Lake District.
a. many
b. 16 small

c. 16 large
5. . ... wrote about the Lake District.
a. The king
b. Many writers

c. W illiam Wordsworth
6. People often .... to see the lakes.
a. ride bicycles
b. fly aeroplanes

c. sail boats

C Describe a special place you have visited.

LANGUAGE PRACTICE pages 84-85

sixty-one

61

WORD LIST
basketball

guess what

mountain

sea

valley

beach

hill

promise

skateboarding

waterfall

boxing

horse-riding

river

skiing

cycling

jungle

rollerblading

so far

desert

lake

rugby

twice

VOCABULARY

1 Look at the word list above and do the followi ng.


1. Write the correct words under t he pictures.

3 Write questions with t he words below. Use the


Present Perfect Simple.
1. you / call / Angela

.!!~"..~)'~~. ~~!1.~.0_ ~-~0~~~?. ............................ .


2 . your friends I go / skiing

.......... 0.Y<?.l)~g .........

3. Ken I b uy I a boat

4. Carmen / meet / your parents

LISTENINCi
2. List 4 geographical features wit h water.

4A

List en and choose t he correct answer.

1 . a. No, 1 haven 't.

lake

b. l've bought a skateboa rd .

2. a. l've met friends.


b. l'm meeting friends.

CiRAMMAR

3. a. Yes, she has.

2 Complete the sentences with t he verbs in

b. Yes, she is.

bracket s. Use the Present Perfect Simple.


1. M el ..h~:3.Y~y~1_1~0 .. (travel) to Japan.
2. The students ... ...................... (finish) their
homework.

4. a. No, he wasn't.
b . No, he hasn't.

5. a. Yes, 1 have.

b. No, 1 didn't.

3. Sam .. .. ..................... (not come) yet.


4.

1 ........... .. ............

(see) t he fi lm tw ice.

5. You ......... ................ (be) to Greece.


6. We ......................... (not w rite) a letter yet.

62 sixty-two

B Listen and check your answers.

unit 7

(
1 Listen and read the dialogue.
SUSAN:
PAT:
SUSAN:
PAT:

SUSAN:

PAT:

Where have you travelled, Pat?


l've been to ltaly and the United States.
Have you been to New York?
Yes, 1 have. 1was there last year.
What about you?
1haven't been to New York yet.
1really want to go to the theatre there.
Where do you want to t ravel, Pat?
1want to go to France.
l've never been t here.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour.


Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


What's your name?

Where have you travelled?

1.

2.
3.

DID YOU KNOW?

On 31 st December, 1999, Tony Blair opened the Millenn iu m Wheel.


People usually call it "The London Eye". lt is the world's largest
observat ion wheel and it stands 135 met res high. lt is exciting to go
on the wheel at night and to see London after dark. The London Eye
has got 32 capsules. For a special day, you can order a London Eye
capsule for only you and your friends, and drink cham pagne while it
goes around.

Where do you want to travel?

lt's cheaper than


1 Listen, read and repeat.
D

2A

Listen and complete the dialogue.

CARMEN:

1 need to get new trousers. Let's see what


clothes
th ey' ve got 1n t h"1s 1 ....................
shop.

ANGELA: This shop is 2 ........ .... . ..... ...... than the one

near my flat. Look, Carmen. These black


trousers are very 3 ....................... . .
Let's see. It's more
expensive than the
black one.

CARMEN: Oh, but look at these blue ones! They're

prettier than those black ones.


ANGELA: Yes, but they' re also more expensive than

the
But it's also more elegant
than the black one.

4 ... . ....................

ones !

CARMEN: Oh, dear. Look at the s....................... .

l'm late for 6 ........ ... .. . .. ... . ..... .

B Listen again and


check your answers.

3 Practise with another student.


STUDENT 1: How about this brown jacket?
STUDENT 2: lt's prettier / more expensive /

more elegant than the black one.

64 six ty-four

unit 8
WORDS FASHION

4A

B Look at the people and label their clothes.

Listen, read and repeat.

trousers

dress

suit

Robert

coat

Brad

Laura

Sharon

1. .. ...... ....................

5.......... .. ....... ....... .. .

2. ........ ................. ...

6 ............ ............... ..

3. ... ...... ............ ..... ..

7 ............ ... .. ........... .

4. .............. ............. .

8. ... ...... ......... ...... ... .

jea ns

jacket

C Answer these questions about the pictures


in B.

shirt

hat

shorts

1. Who is wearing elegant clothes?

...... ~P.~~~............

and ....... ...... ..... ...... ... ..

2. Who is wearing casua l clothes?


............. .. .. .... ..... ... and ....... ............ ..... .... .
3. Which tem is expensive?

sweater

skirt

shoes

4 . Wh ich item is cheap?

5. Who do you th ink is wearing pretty clothes?

PRONUNCIATION
pretty

ugly

elegant

5 Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the


pronunciation of the letters in colour.

cheap

expensive

~
~

casual

1 . dress

6. expen sive

2. jea ns

7. shorts

3. shirt

8. sweater

4 . suit

9. fash ion

S. shoes
sixty-five

65

GRAMMAR

6A

Read the grammar box.


--

--

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

The red shirt is cheaper than the green shirt. (short adjective)
The green shirt is more expensive than the red shirt. (long adjective)
SPELLING:

nice - nicer

EXCEPTIONS:

pretty - prettier

thin - thinner

good - better
bad - worse

B Complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in brackets.
1. The black shoes are .. !'!!~r.~..~~P.~.".1.!?.iX~ .t.~.~.".1..... .... (expensive) the brown shoes.
2. The jacket is .. ..................................... .. ............ (cheap) the coat.
3. Helen's dress is ......................................... .... ........ (pretty) Carmen's dress.
4. The shirt and the t rousers are .... ..... .... ... ......... ....... ........... ....... ... (casual) t he suit.
5. Carmen's sweater is .......... ........................................... (nice) Angela's sweater.

The best weekend


7 Listen, read and repeat.

1 also loved the National Gallery.


It's the rnost interesting rnuseurn
in London. Buckingharn Palace
was also beautiful.

The surnrner has ended so quickly.


But 1 shouldn't cornplain, because
it's been a great surnrner.

Carmen, you alrnost forgot


to rneet us for lunch,
because you took photos of
everything you saw!

easiest year for me, because


I've rnissed rny farnily. But
we've learned so rnuch - we
speak English very well now!

66 sixty-six

unit 8

8A

Listen and complete the dialogue.


KEN:

What are you going to do

1.. .... .1'.1.~~t:

... ... year, Alberto?

ALBERTO:

l'm going to take a 2 ... ... ... .. ... .... ... .. .... course.

KEN:

But you already cook very 3 .. . ..... .. .. .. ..... ... .. ... .

ALBERTO:

KEN:
ALBERTO:
KEN:
ALBERTO:
KEN:

Thanks, but 1want to be the


chef in London !

4 . . . .... .... ......... .. . . .. .

l'm sure you will be. You learn very s........ ... .... .. ... ....... .
W hat are you going to do next year, Ken?
l'm going to 6 .... .. ... . . .... . . . ......... for my father's business.
In Tokyo?
No, in London, of course - so 1can go to your restaurant.
1want to eat the 7 . . . .. . . . ...... . ........... . food in London .

B Listen aga in and check your answers.

GRAMMAR

9A

Read the grammar box.


SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES - --

The red shirt is the cheapest shirt in the shop. (short adjective)
The green shirt is the most expensive shirt in the shop. (long adjective)
SPELLING:

nice - nicest

EXCEPTIONS:

pretty-prettiest

thin - thin nest

good - best
bad - worst

B Complete the sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives in brackets.

1. 1think Catherine Zeta-Jones is ... .... Jh.~.. '!1P.~.~--~-~~.L!~!f~! .... ...... (beautiful) actress in Hollywood?
2.

Is the Mona Lisa .... .. .. ...... ........... ......... .............. . (famous) painting in the w orld?

3.

Elephants are ............. ............ .. ............ ..... .. .. . (big) animals on land.

4.

Dolph ins are .............. .. .. .. ... .............. ..... ...... . (i ntelligent) sea animals.

5.

The Nile is .... ......... .. .... ........ .... ......... ..... ... (long) river in the world .

C Choose the correct answer.


1. Cheng thinks football is more exci ting than

1@ie most exciti~sport.

2. My new job is better than / the best my old job.


3. That was worse than / the worst meal 1have ever had !
4. The skirt is prettier than / the prettiest the dress.
5. W hat is longer than / the longest day of the year?

sixty-seven

67

WORDS VERBS

D Compare the types of clothes you and your friends like.


Use the comparative and superlative form of adjectives.
You can use the adjectives below.

casual

elegant

cheap

expensive

pretty

11

A Listen, read and repeat.

ugly

love

hate

10

forget

A Read the grammar box.


-

slow
quick

ADVERBS

EXCEPTION:

slowly
-

good - well

quickly

remember

The old woman is walking slowly.


The dog is running quickly.
1dance well.
begin

B Complete the sentences with the adverbs below .

quickly
1.

1 can't

clearly

slowly ~

well

hear you. You are speaking too ...... q.~!~~V

....... .

2. We must f inish the project by 6.00. Let's work

end

................................ !
3. You play the guitar very .................... .. .......... .
You're the best musician in our band !
4.

1 must

buy a new computer because my old computer

works very ................................ .


5.

complain

can't read t his. Can you please w rite it

.
aga1n
... .... ......................... 7.

miss

68 sixty-e ight

unit 8
B Complete the sentences with the verbs in A.
1. We haven't seen you for two months. We ...... ..rr:i.i~~..... ... .. you very much.
2. My soup is cold. l'm going to .... ..................... to the waiter.
3. Please go shopping, and don't .. ....................... to buy bread.
4. Lucy and Brian ...... ................... each other. They will soon be husband and wife.
5.

never wear dresses because

6.

1 always

1 .........................

them.

......... ...... .... .. .... my day with a cup of coffee.

7. Do you ......... ......... ...... . me? We were in the same class ... 20 years ago!
8. W hen does this film ......................... ? 1 must go to the toilet soon.

READING

12

A Read about Stella McCartney, a British fashion designer.

B Which sentence in the text gives the following information? Copy the sentence.
1. Stella was very successfu l ata young age .

..f'.-~. 00~. ??.~-~~e. .~l~. 0!'..~00:Y. ~~e.. ~e.~.0. .0e.~~0.~.~-~.l~ -~~1()( ..... .... ...... ................... .................. ..... ..
2. Stella is famous for more than one rea son .

3. Stella doesn't use material from animals in her designs.

4. Stella's clothes aren't usually cheap.

5. Stella designs clothes for different types of shops.

WORD LIST
begin

elegant

jacket

casual

end

cheap
coat

expensive
forget

complain

hat
hate

dress

remember

sweater

jea ns

shirt

love

trousers
ugly

miss

shoes
shorts

oh dear

skirt

pretty

suit

VOCABULARY

3 Complete the sentences w ith the correct

1 Look at the word list above and do t he following.


1. List three types of clothes you wear in
cold weather.

adverb.

yer{

quickly

clearly

quietly

slowly

1. She's the best dancer in the class. She


dances very ......... w~!I. ..........

1. ............. ~O.~.t.............. .

2. Please walk .......................... We're late !

2 ... .. .... ............ .. .. ......... ..

3. Please drive ................ .......... Children

3 ......... .. ...... ... ........ ..... ...

are playing on the st reet.


2. Write the opposite of these words.

1. love

hate

2. remernber

4.

1 didn 't

understand hirn. He didn't speak

5. Please speak ............... .... ....... The

3. end

children are sleeping.

4. expensive
5. casual

GRAMMAR

LISTENING

4A

Listen and choose the correct answer.

1. a. lt's nicer than the blue one.

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. This restaurant is(m ore expensive tharJ)I
the rnost expensive the Mexican restaurant.
2. Th is is more elegant than / the most elegant
dress in rny cupboard.
3. Ernily is better than / the best student in our
class.
4. The red shoes are cheaper than I the cheapest
the black shoes.
5. This is prettier than I the prettiest hat in the
shop.

b. Let's look at sorne trousers .

2. a. Th is shop is nice.
b. lt's pretty.

3. a.

1 need

a new coat.

b. Let's look at sorne shorts.

4. a. You forgot to rneet us.


b. lt's been a great surnmer.

5. a. We speak Eng lish very slow ly.


b. We speak English very well.

B Listen and check your answers.

70 seventy

unit 8

( IT'S YOUR TURN J

1 Listen and read the dialogue.


CATHY: 1 need to get a new dress.
HEATHER: Let's see what they've got in this shop.

Look at this red dress.


CATHY:

lt's prettier than my old red dress,


but how about this pink one?

HEATHER: lt's more elegant than the red dress, but

it's also more expensive than the red one.


CATHY: Oh dear, 1thi nk it's the most expensive dress

in the shop ! Let's go to another shop.


HEATHER: OK, but let's look quickly. l'm late far work.

2 In pairs, change the words in colour. Act out your new dialogue.

3 Ask three students these questions and write their answers.


f

What's your name?

What clothes do you

What is the most beautiful

J...............................................................................~~-~-~--~~-~~-~..~~'.~..~~~~.~~.:. ................~.~-~~-- ~~-~-~~~-~-~~~-~~~. :~~-~~~-~ .....

1 ::
1

3.
_,,..,..._,,....,.~------.~--------..............,.,.--.~--__,..,,n__.,......_.~....~---- ....~----------~---~-

1..__,.._ _ _ _ _ _.....,.......,_,_

DID YOU KNOW?

Many English words far clothes are different

British English: Mackintosh


American English: Raincoat

in British English and American English.


British English

American English

trousers

pants

vest

undershirt

waistcoat

vest

jumper

sweater

tights

pantyhose

mackintosh

raincoat

trainers

sports shoes

British English: Waistcoat


American English: Vest

British English: Vest


American English: Undershirt

British English: Tights


American English: Pantyhose

seventy-one 71

UNIT 1 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Find eight jobs in the puzzle and list them.

3 Look at the pictu res and complete the sentences


with the correct prepositions below.

(h

r)

on in behind opposite
above under in fron t o

IJ

hairdresser........ ........ .
1. ............ ...................

2 . ..... .................................. ..... .. ..

3 . .............. .... ......................... ... ..


4 . ...... ....... ........... .............. ... ..... ..

5 . ...... ........ ...... ... .............. ..... ..... .

6 . ... .. ......... .. .. ....... ............... .. .. ... .

1. The girl is ......... ~.~.~F. .... ...... the boy.

7 .. .... ............. ......................... ... ..

2. The cat is ... .......... .. .. ..... ..... the bed .

8 . .......... ................ .... ..... ....... ... .. .

3. The bird is .................... ... .. .. the tree .

2 Com plete the sentences with the words below.


meeting tea
London dogs

watching c~g
writing listening

1. The chef likes .....c.o.o.~!ri.g ..... ltalian food.

4. The phone is .... .. .... ... .. .... ........ t he bag.


5. The gi rl is ............... ........ .. .. the curtain.
6. The dictionary is .............. ....... .. .. .. the table.
7. The dog is .... ............... .... .... t he TV.
8. The man is .................. .... ..... the woman.

2. Cindy likes ............ ...... ..... . lt's her favourit e

4 Complete the sentences with a, an or sorne.

drink.
3.

like .... ...... ..... ....... my fri ends at the pub in

the even ing.


4. We like ........................ lt's a beautiful city.
5.

li ke ............ .... ..... . TV in the evening.

6. Do you like .... ............... ... to classical music?


7.

1 don 't

like ........... ...... ..... , but 1 like cats.

8. Robert likes ...................... stories.

1. l've got .... !?.9.t:J:'l.~.... homework.


2.

haven't got ........ .... .... apple.

3. They've got ................ white chairs .


4. This is .... ... .. ... .. .. nice pub.
5. We've got ...... ... ... .... rabbit !
6. l've got .............. .. aunt in Greece.
7. Here's .. .. .. .... ... ... cup of tea.
8. l've got ............... . water.

72 seventy-two

UNIT 1 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

5 Complete the sentences with sorne or any.


.
1. Have you got .. .. .any
.......... . brot hers or s1sters

8 Translate the sentences.


1.

Good morning. Nice to meet you.

2.

Do you like pizza?

3.

There aren't any books on the table .

4.

The tour guide likes working in London.

in England?
2. There aren't ........... ....... dictionaries in the
classroom.
3.

We've got .................. tea in the kitchen.

4. Sorry, w e haven't got .................. cake.


5. Have you got .................. children?
6. There are .................. pictures on the
bookshelf.
7.

1 haven't

got ........ .......... sugar.

6 Complete the sentences with There is,


There are, There isn't, There aren't, Is there
or Are there.
aren't .... any ch'ld
1. .There
......................
1 ren 1n th e par k .
2.

5. Is there a barman here?

9 Complete the puzzle. Use the clues.


2

m a

a g

.. ......................... an artist in the museum.


Let's talk to her.
5

3. .. ......................... any students in the


7

classroom?
4.

.. ......... ............... . sorne cats in the garden.

5.

.. ......................... an apple on the table?

6.

.. ............. ... .. ....... a dining-room in my flat,

8
9

so we have dinner in the kitchen.

7 Choose the correct answer.


1. Helio. l'm your tour guide.
a. She's in the museum.

@
2.

Nice to meet you.

2. A .....r:!~!'!~0.t:r. ... tells the other workers what to do.


3. You put your things ...................... your bag.
7. A .... ......... .... ..... makes people's hair beautiful.

Where are you from?


a. l'm from ltaly.
b. My name is Samantha.

3.

. ACROSS~

Peter works in a restaurant.

8. An ...................... paints pictures.


9. You put books ................ .. .... a shelf.
l.P OWN

....

a. He is a vet.
b . He is a chef.
4.

Do the children like playing football?


a. Yes, they have.

5.

1 . My house is ...................... that big supermarket,


so you can't see it from here.
4. A ........... ........... cooks food at a restaurant.

b. Yes, they do.

5. A ... ................ ... makes drinks at a pub.

Are there any books under my bag?

6. A .... .... ............. . is a doctor of animals.

a. Yes, there are.


b. Yes, there is.
seventy-three 73

UNIT 2 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Match the words and phrases to the correct


pictures.

4 Write the sentences in the negative.


1. They work in a hospital.

1. go swimming

5. play footba ll

2. travel

6. listen to music

3. play the gu itar

7. chat

4. take photos

8. dance

!~e.Y..0.?.~.'~. ~~.~~. _i.~. ~..h.~.~P.i~~I: ......... ..... ..... .


2. He drives a car.

3.

go to sleep late.

4. We like coffee.

5 . She listens to jazz music.

5 Write Yes I No questions.


1.

1 take

good photos.

P.o. Y.~~. :t'.~ke..g.<?.<?.0.php't;-q~t .. ..................... .


2 . The Simpsons have breakfast at 7 o'clock.

3. Sam works at the cinema.

2 Complete the parts of the body with a, e, i, o

4. You go swimming every day.

or u.
5. Kim plays the guitar.

1. h a i r

6.

2. _y_ s

7. h

3. n -

8. f _ng_ r

s-

4. m

5.

t h
rs

rm
nd

10. f

3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Simple.
1.

1often .......1:-F~Y.~.1 ...... (travel) to Greece.

2.

Robert never ................ ...... (play) the guitar.

3. My friends ...................... (work) in London.


4.

Ka te ... .. .......... .. ... .. (go) to the pub at the


weekend.

5. You always ...................... (take) photos of


everyone !
6.

My dad .. .................... (exercise) every day.

7. Tim and

74 seventy-four

1 .............. : .......

6 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Continuous.

9 . 1 _g

(like) singing.

1. .. ..~!'.f?.. ... you ..... !~~'..~ !~~L .. (learn) Engl ish


now?
2. Julie ......................... ... (not chat) on the
phone right now.
3. 1 ................ .. .... .. .... (clean) my kitchen.
4. The cat ...... .. .................... (sleep).
5. We ............................ (not do) our homework
at the moment.
6. .. .... .. ...... . they ............................ (talk) to me?
7. .. .. .. .. ....... Richard .......... ........ .. .. .. .... (dance)
with Mary?

UNIT 2 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

7 Complete the sentences with the verbs below.

9 Translate the sentences.

Use the Present Simple or Present Continuous.


chal
wait
travel
like

take
l isten

ry

1. Do they often go out?

teach

1. He ... J~~0.!?....... one or two books every


w eek.

2. 1 ..... .. ... ................... to Scotland every

2. 1don't exercise every day.

3. 1am taking a photo right now.

December.
3.

Mandy can't come right now. She


.. ......... .. .... .......... .. on the phone w ith
her sister.

4.

Jonathan ...... .. ........ ..... ........ chocolate !

5.

Amy always .................. ........... photos on


holiday.

6. Paul isn't watching TV. He ............................ .

4. Andy is chatting with his girlfriend at the


moment.

5. Turn left.

6. The bank is on the right.

to music.

7. Where are you? 1 ........ .. ................... for you

7. Go straight and then turn right.

at the pub!

8.

George is a teacher. He .... ................ ........ .


8. My flat is on the left.

mathematics.

8 Match the directions below to the pictures.


1. on the left

5. go down

2 . go straight

6. go up

3. cross the street

7. on the right

4. turn rig ht

8. turn left

10

Choose the correct answer.


1. Does he live in England all year?
a. No, he isn't.

~ No, he doesn't.
2. Does my hair look OK?
a. Yes, it does.
b. Yes, it is.
3. Are you watching TV?

a. Yes, 1 am.
b. Yes, 1do .
4. Does he dance?
a. No, he isn't.
b . No, he doesn't.
5. What is she doing?
a. She swims.
b. She's doing her homework.
6. How do 1 get to the restaurant?
a. Turn left on Gold Street.
b. We're w aiting for you.

seventy-five 75

U NIT 3 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Find eight emotions in the puzzle and list them.


w o
k s a

s
w a

('
u
'./

z b

1.........~P~~~

5.

2. ..............................

6.

3. ..............................

7.

4. ..............................

8 ................ .. .. ... ...... ..

2 Complete the sentences with the correct past


form of to be.
1. My friends ..... .~~.~~~.~ .. ..... (not) at home.
They ........~~~~ ......... in the park.
2.

1 ........................

at Ron's party.

lt ............. ........... fun.


3. Kate ........................ (not) at school
yesterday beca use she ...... ....... .. ........ . ill.
4. We ....................... . at the cinema yesterday.
The film ..................... ... great!
5. Dan ........... ... ...... .... worried about the
English test. He ...................... .. (not)

3 Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.


1. You were disappointed with your new flat.

~~:~.Y.?.~.9.~~~PP?.i.~-~.~0 ..~i:t?.~.~~~'...~.~~.~~~~?
2. Lucy was a teacher.

3. They were in London last summer.

4. Ken and Jill were at a restaurant last


Saturday.

5. He was in the pub last night.

6. You were a good student.

7. We were very late for the meeti ng.

8. Brian was excited about the news.

4 Complete the sentences with There was,


There wasn't, There were, There weren't,
Was there or Were there.
1. ... ... I.~~r.~..~~~~ ...... sorne green apples at the
supermarket.
2 ....... ................. ........ . any tea in the kitchen?
3 ................................. any boys in my class.
Ali the students were girls.
4. .. .............................. sorne ju ice in the
kitchen. Where is it now?
5 ............. ...... .. ............ any tour guides at the
museum?
6............................ .... . a student from Greece

relaxed.

at the pub last night?


6.

1 .... .... . . ..............

late, but my friends

.......... .............. (not) angry with me.


7. You ..................... ... upset last night.
We ........................ worried about you .

76 seventy-six

7. ............. .... .. .. .... ... .... any popcorn at the


cinema.
8 . ..... ................ .... .. .. ... sorne beautiful posters
at the shop.

UNIT 3 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

5 Write questions about the picture. Use


Was there or Were there and the words below.
Then answer the questions.

7 Translate these sentences.


1. Our trip was great!

2. My friends w ere excited about the trip.

3. We were on a nice tour last week.

4. They were at the park yesterday.

5. The children were surprised.

6.

wasn't upset.

7. There wasn't any money in the flat.

8. Was the window open?

1. blue sofa
Was there a blue sofa?
Yes, there was.

8 Choose the correct answer.

2. an open window

1 . How was your trip to London?


a. lt was at 5.00.

lt was very exciting.

2. Were you at Buckingham Palace?

3. five cats

a. Yes, 1 was.
b. Yes, 1 do.
3. Were there any new students?
4. books

a. No, there weren't.


b. No, there aren't.
4. Were you scared?
a. No, l'm not.

5. an old TV

b. No, 1 wasn't.
5. Were the CDs in the living-room?
a. Yes, it was.

6 Match the adjectives to their opposites.

b. Yes, they were.


6. Was the tour interesting?

1. open

a. new

2. interesting

b. dirty

a. Yes, it was.

3. old

c. closed

b. No, it didn't.

4. clean

d. easy

5. difficult

e. boring

seventy-seven 77

UNIT 4 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the sentences below with the verbs


in brackets. Use the Past Simple.
1.

1 .. .

-~-~(-'.~_C?!~~0 ..... (exercise) at the gym last

night.
2. Linda and 1 . ............. ..... ..... (travel) to ltaly

4 Write the phrases under the correct pictures.


tour the city go to the theatre
go camping visit the zoo visit markets
go to the park visit art galleries

goto~beach

last June.
3. The children ..... ............. .... .. (clean) their
room s.
4. We ............ .. .... ...... (tour) the museum.
5. You .................... .. .. (play) the guita r last night.
6. He ........ .. ........ .. .... (study) for the test.

2 Complete the sentences with the irregular


verbs below. Use the Past Simple.

meet ~

teach

go

.. ..~.'?. .~.~- ~~~. ~~~~~ ...


3

e l

"

--~~
-~.,,., '...~
,-8; _
---~

~i~ ~
-----..........

'

read

1. 1 ......... h?!0......... a dog when 1 was a child .


2. She ........................ to the supermarket to
buy milk.
3. Jonathan and 1 .. .. ... ....... ... . ..... . at the
restaurant at 2 o' clock.
4. Mr Simpson .................. .... .. me how to
use a computer.
5. We ........................ that book many years ago.

3 Write the sentences in the negative.


1. Tom worked at the pub two years ago.

To.1!1..0.i.0.t:i.'~.~C?r~..~.~..~h~.P.!-!P.~~P .Y~~r:~.~-gp: ...


2.

1 had

a pet snake when

1 was

ten.

3. He studied history last night.

5 Write the sentences as Yes / No questions.


1. You lived in Cambridge last year.

P!~.X~~-~i-~~-i.~..~~~~'..~~-~-!~~~.Y.~.".lT~ ......... .
2. Dave worked at the pub yesterday.

4. She cleaned the living-room yesterday.

3. They went to a concert.

5.

4. Ken chatted with Wendy at the party.

1 went

to the market in the city.

5. You met at the beach two years ago.

6. We played football at the weekend.

78 seventy-eight

UNIT 4 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

6 Complete the puzzle. Use the clues.

8 Translate the sentences.


1. We visited an art gal lery.

n
2. They went to the beach .

3
5

3. Did you go to the park?


6

10

11

ACROSS'

4. Did you have a nice weekend?

5. She saw the monkey at the zoo.

6. They toured the city with a tour guide.

7.

,-~

c'1
,

didn't see any cows .

8. What did you do on Saturday?


9

9 Choose the correct answer.

. '?._~_VII!!_*-

1. Did you go to the art gallery?


3

No, 1 didn't.

b. Yes, 1 was.
2. Did you finish your homework?
a. Yes,
6

11

did.

b. Yes, 1 can .
3. Did you like Cambridge?
a. No, 1 don't.
b. Yes, 1 did.

7 Complete the sentences with the words and


phrases below.

go to the beach
go to_yn{theatre

4. What did you do?


a. We were very excited.
b. We went to the theatre.

zebras
snakes

visit markets

1. We like seeing operas, so we often

.0.?. .~.C?. ~~~ .~~.~.~.~.~~ .. .

5. What did you see at the zoo?


a. We saw many zebras and giraffes.
b. No, we didn't.
6. We didn't go to the beach.

2 .. ..... .... ............ .. haven't got any arms or legs.

a. We went swimming.

3 ....... .... ... ....... .... are black and white. They live

b. We went to an art gallery.

in Africa.
4.

like swimm ing. Let's ....... ............. .. .. today.

5. They .. .... ... ........ ... .... every weekend and they
buy food.
seventy-nine 79

UN IT 5 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Complete the seasons with a, e, i, o or u.


1.

s_J_mm ~ r

2.

3.

5 Find ten types of transport in the puzzle and


list them.

mn

nt

4. s p r _ n g

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. lt's@sunny. We can't play football.
2 . lt's very beautiful I windy. Let 's close t he

(t

i)

w indow.
3 . lt's cold / hot today.

w ant to go to the

beach.
4 . lt's cloudy / snowy. 1 think it'll rain .

5. lt's warm I rainy this morning . Let's sit


outside.

1............. ~~~i....... ..... .

6..... ............... .......... ..

2. .... .... .......................

7............................... .

3. ................... .... ........

8 ........ ... ................. ... .

and the verbs in brackets.

4 . ......................... .... ..

9 ..................... ..... ..... .

1. lt ....... w.i)!.P.~ ...... (be) fun at the party!

5. ..... .......... ........ .. .. ....

10 ... ........... .. ............... .

6. lt's so cold I hot. l' m not getting out of


my warm bed.

3 Complete the sentences using will or won't


2. lt ....................... (not rain) tomorrow.

3 . She ........ ............... (have) a good holiday.


4. They ....................... (buy) a new flat soon.
5. Monday ....................... (not be) snowy.
6.

1 .......................

6 Complete the sentences with the verbs below.


Use

not have
walk
meet send

(live) in London one day.


1.

4 Put the words in the correct order to make


questions.
1. motorcycle / you /a/ buy / will

~i.1.1. ~~~ . ~~Y..~. ~?.~?.~~Y.~.1~~ .................... .


2. cold / will / evening / it /be/ in/ the

be going to.
not tour

1.:".l.f!.1..~.C?!~~.~?..0~.i~~... my car to Manchester


this weekend.

2. We ................................ sandwiches for lunch.


3. Liz ........ ........ ................ her dog in the park
th is afternoon.
4. Brian ........... ....... .. .. .......... us at the cinema
at 7 o' clock.

3. tomorrow /be/ hot / it / will

5. They ............................. ... mean e-mail this week.


6 . You ................................ the city next month .

4. will / get / good mark / 1 /a

5. snow / will I th is year / it

80 eighty

UNIT 5 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

7 Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.

9 Translate the sentences.


1. Will t he weather be nice?

1. He is going to go to w ork later.

..'.!?..~.~. 0~!~~ .~~.a~ .~<?..~~'..~. !~~~.r?. ............... .


2. They are going to have a party next w eek.

2.

3. Carol is going to take the bus to London.

3. Friday will be cold and w indy.

4.

4. He's going to take t he trai n t o Cambridg e.

1 am

going to clean the flat this afternoon.

am taking a boat ride tomorrow.

5. lt'll be a great w eekend!

5. Mr and Mrs Benson are going to visit a


museum.

6. Let's have lunch in the park.


6. We are going to take a taxi to tow n.
7. lt won't rain today.
7. You are going to do your homework in the
library.

10

8 Write sentences with the verbs in brackets.


Use the Present Continuous with future
meaning.
1. We ....... ~'..~. ~~~~~~ (cook) dinner
t onight.

(write) e-ma ils after lunch?


1 . ... . ... .......... . ...... .. .. .. .. ....

1. Will it snow t omorrow?


a. Yes, it is.

CE)

Yes, it w ill.

2. Are you taking a taxi to the theat re?


a. No, l'm not.
b. No, 1 don't.

2 . ....................... you ..................... ... ............ .

3.

Choose the correct answer.

(go) to the doctor

tomorrow.
4. Ben ............... ...................... (visit) his
friends on Tuesday.
5. Sandra ................. .. .... .......... .... (not
exercise) with us this w eek.
6. My friends ........................ ............. (have) a
party at the w eekend.
7 .... .................... you .. ... ........................ ........
(come) to work tomorrow?
8. .. .. ................... Laura

3. W il l the weather be nice ?


a.

w on't.

b. lt'll be sunny.
4. Let's go to the zoo.
a. Where are you?
b. That's a good idea!
5. Are you going on a bus t ou r?
a. Yes, we are.
b. Yes, w e do.
6. Is Tom t ravelling w ith friends next week?
a. No, he doesn 't.
b. No, he isn't.
7. What are you going to do at the weekend?

........... .. .. .. ...... ........... ... (drive) to school

a. l'm going to go shopping .

next week?

b. l'm tired.

eighty-one

81

UNIT 6 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Choose the correct answer.

3 What food or drink is it?

1. We@/ must go to th is film. lt's at 9 o'clock.

1. puso = 2__Q_Jd.._J2_

2 . Oh, no ! Someone is in our flat. We can/ must

2. i m 1k =

phone the police.

3. t f i r u =

3 . Perry exercises every day. He can / shou ld


run 8 kilometres in one hour!

4.

k n ce h i c =

4. The light is red. You should / m ust stop t he car!

5.

b r ad e=

5. This fil m is boring. We can't I sh ould go home.

6.

ni o no =

2 Choose the correct answer.


1. lt's snowing . You ... open the w indow.
a. can
b. must

mustn't
2. The flat is dirty. 1 ... clean it.

7. a o t m to=
8.

shf i=

9. sic n w h da= _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
1O. ad s a 1=
11. aetm =
12.

rngo ea ucije

a. should
b. mustn't

c. shouldn't
3. Evan has gota test early tomorrow morning.
He ... go dancing tonight.
a. should

4 Write the correct word for each picture.


kettle

washing machine

sound system

era
mobile phone
laptop
alarm clock fridge
air conditioner

b . shouldn 't

c. must
4. The test will be difficu lt. We . .. study.
a. must
b . can 't

c. mustn't
5. Our sota is old. 1 .. . buy a new one.
a. shou ld
b. sho uldn't

c. must
6 . lt's raining. You .. . go swimming. You ' ll be ill.
a. can
b. must

c. mustn't
7. Do you want sorne help? 1 ... help you.

1......... .q~_rn~ r~ .... .... .

6 . ..................... ... .... .

b . should

2. .............................

7 ......................... .. .. .

c. m ustn't

3. ... .... .. .... ....... ..... ....

8 ...... ...... ......... ..... ... .

4. ........ .. ... .. .... ..... .....

9 ... .. .. ....... .. ............. .

a. can

5 ... ..... ........ ..... ....... ..

82 eighty-two

UNIT 6 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

5 Choose the correct answer.

7 Translate the sentences.

1. This sandw ich is yours and that one is

1. We should buy a microw ave oven.

my/8

2. The blue mobile phone is her/ hers.

2. Should 1 order orange j uice?

3. Where is my / mine laptop?


4. This flat is John's. The one opposite it is

3. We mustn't be late.

our I ours.
5. You should drink your I yours tea . lt 's
getting cold.

4.

You must cook the meat.

5.

This laptop is mine.

6.

6. The big black dog is their / theirs.

6 Match the personal pronouns in A to the


object pronouns in B. Then complete the
sentences with object pronouns.
A

can 't find my mobile phone.

1. she

. ..... a. it

2. it

... ... b. me

3. you

...... c. him

4. they

.. .. .. d. them

5.

...1. .. e. her

6. w e

.. .. .. f . you

7. he

.. .... g. us

1. Laura is my friend . 1 speak to .. .....~.~r.

7. The salad with chicken and tomatoes


is good.

8 Choose the correct answer.


1. W hat are you ordering ?

l'm going to have the fish.


......

every day.

b. l'm going to go to a restaurant.


2. What should 1 order?
a.

2. That's a great book. 1 read ................. .

1 don't

see our w aiter.

b. The chicken is very good.

last week.
3. How about the chicken salad?
3. A ngela, can 1 help ............ ...... carry that?

a.

4 . Carmen and 1 are going shopping today.

b. lt 's excellent.

Do you w ant to come w ith .................. ?


5. There are beautiful fish in this pet shop.
Let's look at .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
6.

think Alberto is in the park now.

Can you see .................. ?

must go in half an hour.

4. Can 1 have a cup of tea?


a. Yes, it is.
b. Yes, you can .
5. Should 1 take my ala rm dock on the trip?
a. Yes, you should.
b. Really? Great. Thanks.

7.

1 bought

Sally a birthday present, but she

didn 't buy ............... ... a present for my


birthday.

6. You shou ld go to the docto r.


a. Can you drive me there?
b. l'm bored.
7. My bag is too small.
a. Here! Use mine.
b. Ta ke your camera.
eighty-three

83

U NIT 7 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Find seven sports in the puzzle and list them.

3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the Present Perfect Simple.

1$'

3. Mel ................................ (f inish) her work.

4. They ...... ................... ....... (go) to the pub.

5. You ................................ (work) very hard

1. The students ...~.~~.t?.~~.~~!! ... (take) t he test.


2. We ............................. ... (visit) Buckingham
Palace many times.

t his mont h.
6. He ................................ (travel) ali over
England.

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs below.


Use the negative form of the Present Perfect
Simple.

play have
1.

1 .....

meet

be

buy

h~x~n'.1'..wr:i:~t~.t'.1 .... any e-mails today.

1. .. ......... ... ..~~~.~~.~?~.~~'' ~'~ ''' '"''''''"" '''

2. We ................................... rugby.

2 .......................................................... .

3. The boy ................................... a skateboard.

3 ..... .... ......... ....................................... ..

4. She ................................... lunch yet.

4 . ........... ........ .................. ... .... .. ............

5. My mother and father ................................. ..

5.......................................... ................ .
6 ..................................... ....... .............. .

7 ............ ...... ......................... ........... .... .

2 Complete the chart with the verb forms below.


se en
meet
went

~
1.

did ~ met write saw


done written met go
come come see
gone wrote carne do

yM

Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

eat

ate

eaten

2.

to Cambridge.
6. You ................................... my boyfriend yet.

5 Write the sentences as Yes I No questions.


1. They have travelled to Japan.

,f~"..~. ~~~1. .~.~~"..~!!~0. .~'?. .~.~P.~~~ ............ ...... .


2. She has been to the museum this summer.

3.

1 have

visited my aunt in Greece.

4. He has seen a photo of the lake.

3.

4.
5.
6.
7.

84 eighty-four

5. The children have gone to the beach.

UNIT 7 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

6 Complete the geographical features with

8 Translate these sentences.

a, e, i, o or u.
1. He's been in Cornwall since September.

1.

m _Q_~ nt_..!__l_n

2. h

11

2 . l've already seen three basket ball games.

3.

4.

5.

6.

v_ l l _y

eh
3. They haven't been horse-riding yet.
_V _

7.

8.

d _ s_ rt

9.

10.

4. She has lived near the beach since 1990.

rf

5.

1 have

never been to t he desert.

11

j _ n g I_

6. Has he ever played rugby?

7 Complete the puzzle. Use the clues.

9 Choose the correct answer.


1. Have you ever been to London?

No, 1 haven't.

b. No, 1 didn't.
3
4

2. Are you having a good t ime?


a. Yes, he was.
b. Yes, we are.

3. Have you been skateboarding?

a. Yes, 1 did.
b. Yes,
9

1 have.

4. W here have you travelled?


a. l'm in London.
b. l've been to London.
5.

1 haven't

been to ltaly yet.

a. That's a great idea!


b.

1 want

to go to Lake Como.

6. Guess what?
a. l've just bought a skateboard .
b. l've studied English for a year.
J DOWN ~

eighty-five

85

UNIT 8 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

1 Find ten fashion items in the puzzle and write


them under the corred pictures.

and superlative forms.

'h'

3 Complete the chart with the correct comparative


Comparative

Superlative

1. elegant

more elegant than

the most elegant

2. pretty

prettier than

the prettiest

3. cheap

4. expensive

5.good

6. bad

7. big

8. interesting

9. beautiful
1O. nice

4 Complete the sentences with the comparative

11

Adjective

form of the adjectives in brackets.


1. The dress is m9r:((. _((J.~g0.t:iJ..r.~.0.t1. (elegant)
the skirt.

2. The red hat is ............................... (cheap)


the blue one.
3. The sweater is ................ ................ (casual)

the shirt.
4. Carmen is ................................ (pretty) me.
5. These jeans are ................................ (good)
the other ones.

--

D ,

11

lm

5 Complete the sentences with the superlative


form of the adjectives in brackets.

1. The brown sofa is ..~.~-~..l'.':lP!?.t:.~~P..~.~-~.Y~ ...


(expensive) sofa in the shop.

hat

2. Paul has got ...................................... (big)


car in our street.

2 Complete the adjectives with a, e, i, o or u.


1.

3. The football match on Tuesday was

.......................... ............ (good) match of

pr~tty

the year.

2. ch _ _ p
4. These shoes are ......................................
3. _l_g_n t
4. _
5.

p_ n

c_s _ _

6. _g 1y

86 eighty-six

S _V _

(ugly) shoes in my cupboard.


5. Terry is ............ .......................... (bad) dancer
in our family.

UNIT 8 LANGUAGE PRACTICE

6 Complete the sentences with the comparative or

9 Translate these sentences.

superlative form of the adjectives in brackets.


1. The trousers are .Y.~.~.ii'!P.~r.t.~.0.1'.1. ... (cheap)

1. This sweater is prettier than the blue one.

the jeans.
2. These are .............................. (elegant) shoes

2. 1complained to the shop manager.

in my cupboard.
3 . This is .............................. (good) suit in the shop.

3. How about the pink jacket?

4 . What is ............... .. .... ......... (b ig) la ke in the world?


S. The pink dress is ..... ......................... (pretty)

4. This is the most elegant dress in my


cupboard.

the blue dress.

7 Complete the sentences with the adverbs below.


slowly
1.

well

c~y

quietly

5. She is the best student in the class.

quickly

can't hear you .....C?.l~~rlY. ......... on my mobi le

6. You are speaking very quietly.

phone.
2. The old man walks very .................. ...... .

7. Don't forget to call Steven.

beca use he's 100 years old !

3. You did very ................ .. ....... in the test.


4 . They drove very ......................... to the hospital.
5. Please chat .......................... l'm doing my

10 Choose the correct answer.


1. How about this black coat?

homework.

one.

8 Complete the sentences with the words below.


hate co~in misses remember
forget begins ends Joves

b. lt's starting to get cold.


2. What do you think about th is su it?
a. lt's elegant.
b. lt's blue.

1. The chicken isn't hot. You should .....~.<?.t:J:l.P.l.~i.~ .....


to the waiter.

3. 1need to get new shoes.

a. They're cheaper than jeans.

2. What's his name? 1can't ...... ....... ............ it.


3. Mary ..................... .... chocolate. Let's buy her a
chocolate cake!

b. Let's see what they've got in this shop.

4. The summer has ended so quickly.


a. lt's so long!

4 . Let's meet at the theatre. Don't .........................

b. lt's been great!

the tickets !
5.
5. The film ......... ................ at 7.00 and

......................... at 8.30.
6.

1 don't

want to go on a boat ride. 1 ...................... .

the sea!
7. She really ..... .................... her boyfriend .
When is he coming to London?

lt's more expensive than the brown

Did you li ke the National Gallery?


a. Yes, it's the most interesting museum
in London.
b. Yes, it's casual.

6. Does Rache! speak English well?


a. Yes, she's very pretty.
b. Yes, she's an English teacher.

eighty-seven 87

i!APNDICE GRAMATICAL
~-----

..

NDICE
El presente del verbo to be

89

El verbo have got

89

El verbo like + sustantivo

90

El verbo like + verbo + ing

90

A I An

90

Some / Any

90

There is I There are

90

El Present Simple

91

El Present Continuous

92

Contraste Present Simple / Present Continuous

92

Los verbos "estticos"

93

El pasado del verbo to be

93

There was / There were

94

El Past Simple

94

El futuro con will

95

El futuro con be going to

95

El Present Continuous con valor de futuro

96

Can, Should, Must

96

Los adjetivos posesivos

97

Los pronombres posesivos

97

Los pronombres personales objeto

98

El Present Perfect Simple

98

El comparativo

99

El superlativo

99

Los adverbios de modo

88 eighty-eight

PGINA

100

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

EL PRESENTE DEL VERBO TO BE


AFIRMATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

lam

l'm

you are

you're

he

he's

she

is

Las respuestas breves son las que damos con un simple


s o no, pero en ingls se forman con yes o no + un
pronombre personal + el verbo to be sin contraer en
afirmativa y contrado en negativa .

Is your father a barman? Yes, he is. / No, he isn 't.


(Tu padre es camarero? S. I No.)
EJERCICIO

she's

it

it's

Traduce.

we

we're

1. 1 am ltalian .

you're

2. Are you Chinese?

they're

3. She isn 't a teacher.

yo u

are

they

Significa ser o estar, pero cuando expresamos la edad y


estados como hungry o thirsty se traduce por tener y
cuando nos referimos al t iempo at mosfrico por hacer.
Tambin se usa para indicar el precio de las cosas. En la
conversacin se usan ms las formas cont radas.

lts late. (Es t arde.)


My parents are at home. (Mis padres est n en casa.)
Al decir la profesin de una persona ponemos el artculo
a / an, pero si hablamos en plural, no.

4. We are students.

5. Is Dan at school?
Preguntas con partcu las interrogativas
Est as preg untas no se pueden contestar con un s o
un no, req uieren una resp uesta ms completa. Las
principales son: What? (Qu?/ Cul/es?), How?
(Cmo?), How often? (Con qu frecuencia?),
Where? (Dnde?) y Who? (Quin/es?).

Who is he? He's the vet. (Quin es? Es el veterinario.)

f am a tour guide. (Soy gua turstico.)


My parents are doctors. (M is padres son mdicos.)
NEGATIVA

EL VERBO HAVE GOT

FORMA CONTRADA

1am not

l'm not

you are not

you aren't / you're not

AFIRMATIVA

l've got
yo u

he
she

have got

you've got

he isn't / he's not


is not

she isn't / she's not


it isn't / it's not

it
we
you

FORMA CONTRAiDA

he
she

he's got
has got

she's got

it

it's got

we

we've got

we aren't / we're not


are not

they

you aren't / you're not


they aren't / they're not

yo u

have got

they
En negativa se le aade det rs la partcula not o n't.
RESPUESTAS BREVES
INTERROGATIVA

AFIRMATIVA / NEGATIVA

Am 1 ... ?

Yes, 1 am. I No, l'm not.

Are you ... ?

Yes, you are. I No, you aren't.

Is he ... ?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

Is she ... ?
Is it ... ?
Are we ... ?
Are you ... ?
Are they ... ?

She has (She 's) got a friend. (Ella t iene un amigo.)


We've got two cats. (Tenemos dos gatos.)
NEGATIVA

you

Yes, it is. I No, it isn't.

he

Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.

she

Yes, you are. /No, you aren't.

it

have not got

they

FORMA CONTRADA

yo u

haven't got

he
has not got

she

hasn't got

it

we
yo u

En la interrogativa ponemos el verbo to be delante del


sujeto. Recuerda que en ingls, el signo de interrogacin
slo se pone al fi nal de la pregunta . .

they've got

Sig nifica tener y sirve para expresar lo q ue poseemos


o las caractersticas de algu ien o algo cuando lo
describimos.

Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

Yes, they are. I No, they aren't.

you've got

we
have not got

yo u

haven't got

they

e ighty-nine

89

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
En negativa se pone not o n't entre have / has y got.

I have not (haven't) gota pen. (No tengo boli.)


RESPUESTAS BREVES
INTERROGATIVA

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

AJAN
El artculo indefinido a / an va delante de un nombre
contable en singular y significa un/una; an slo se
usa cuando la siguiente palabra empieza por vocal
oh muda.

Have 1got ... ?

Yes, 1have. I No, 1haven't.

/'ve got a cake. (Tengo una tarta.)

Have you got ... ?

Yes, you have. / No, you haven't.

lt's an interesting book. (Es un libro interesante.)

Has he got ... ?

Yes, he has. I No, he hasn't.

He is an honest boy. (l es un chico honesto.)

Has she got ... ?

Yes, she has. I No, she hasn't.

Has it got ... ?

Yes, it has. / No, it hasn't.

Have we got ... ?

Yes, we have. /No, we haven't.

Have you got ... ?

Yes, you have. / No, you haven't.

Have they got .. . ?

Yes, they have. / No, they haven't.

En interrogativa, el sujeto va detrs de have / has y


en las respuestas breves slo usamos el pronombre
persona l sujeto+ have /has o haven 't / hasn 't.

Ha ve you got any plans for today? Yes, I ha ve. /No,


/ haven't. (Tienes algn plan para hoy? S. / No.)
EJERCICIO

SOME IANY
So me

con contables en plural y no contables


unos/as, algunos/as

en frases

/'ve got some friends in lreland.

afirmativas

un poco de, algo de o no se traduce


She 's got some milk in the fridge.

Any

con contables en plural y no contables


ningn/a, nada de o no se traduce

en frases
negativas

I ha ven 't got any cats.


I haven 't got any water.

Traduce.

algn/a, algunos/as, algo de o no se

1. Tom has got a book.

traduce

2. Kate hasn't gota pen.

eri frases
interrogativas

Have you got any brothers?


Have you got any sugar in your tea?

3. Have you got a dictionary?


4 . We haven't got a cat.
5. 1 have got a long name.

EJERCICIO

Rodea las respuestas correctas.

EL VERBO LIKE +SUSTANTIVO


Para expresar nuestros gustos usamos el verbo like
(gustar) seguido de un nombre.

1 like this picture. (Me gusta este cuadro.)


En negativa utiliza don't / doesn't, y en interrogativa
recuerda poner do/ does delante del sujeto.

We don't like football. (No nos gusta el ftbol.)


Does he like coffee? (Le gusta el caf?)

1. Dan is a I an elect ricia n .


2. 1 am a/ an vet.
3. Have you got sorne I any money here?
4 . 1 have got sorne I any pens.
5. We haven't got sorne I any homework.

THERE IS I THERE ARE


AFIRMATIVA

EL VERBO LIKE + VERBO + ING


Para indicar lo que nos gusta o no hacer utilizamos el
verbo li ke seguido de un verbo terminado en ing .

He doesn't like cleaning. (No le gusta limpiar.)


EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. 1 like tea.
2. 1 like listening to music.
3. She likes cats.
4. He likes playing footba ll.
5. Do you like studying?

90 nine ty

There is

FORMA CONTRADA

There's

There are
There is significa que hay una cosa, y por eso va
seguido de un nombre contable en singular o de uno
no contable. There are significa que hay dos cosas o
ms y slo puede ir con nombres contables en plural.
There is a hospital.
(Hay un hospital.)

There 's some water in the g/ass.


(Hay [un poco de] agua en el vaso.)
There are some people in the theatre.
(Hay algunas personas en el teatro.)

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

There is not

There isn't

There are not

There aren't

La negativa se forma aadiendo detrs noto n 't.


There isn 't any sugar in the cupboard.
(No hay [nada de] azcar en el armario.)

Sin embargo, los siguientes verbos aaden es:


- Los acabados en consonante + y, que adems
cambian la y por i: study - studies.
- Los terminados en ch, s, sh y x: watch - watches,
miss - misses, wash - washes, mix - mixes.
- Los que terminan en o: do - does.
No olvides nunca poner el sujeto en ingls, aunque sea
un pronombre personal y rara vez se traduzca.
I work ata bank. (Trabajo en un banco.)

EJERCICIO

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

Traduce.

1. There is a cat on the bed .

1. She dances every day.

2. There are two dogs in the house.

2. You play the guitar.

3. There aren't any pictures in the room .

3. 1 exercise at t he weekend.

4 . There isn't any homework today.

4. Robert travels every week.

5. There is sorne coffee on the table .

5. We play football in the evenings.

INTERROGATIVA

RESPUESTAS BREVES

Is there ... ?

Yes, there is. I No, there isn't.

Are t here ... ?

Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRAiDA

do not swim

you

you

he

Las preguntas empiezan con is/ are, y en las respuestas


breves volvemos al orden normal, usando las formas
contradas en las negativas.
Are there any potatoes on the table? Yes, there are. /
No, there aren't. (Hay patatas en la mesa? S./ No.)

he

she

does not swim

she

it
we

we

you

do not swim

they

Completa las preguntas con Is there / Are there.


Despus completa las respuestas breves.
1 . ........... . any tea? Yes, ... .. ... .. ..
2 .... ......... any children here? Yes, ........ ... .

3 .... ....... .. any apples in the bag? No, .. .... ..... .


4 . .... ........ a cinema on your street? Yes, ..... .... .. .
5 ... ...... .... any water in th e glass? No, .. .... ..... .

doesn't swim

it

you

EJERCICIO

don'tswim

don't swim

they

En negativa necesita do/ does + not o don't / doesn't.


They do not (don't) swim on Sunday mornings.
(Ellos no nadan los domingos por la maana.)
EJERCICIO

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


1.

like your hair.

2. Mark and 1 study Japanese.

3. Sharon lives in London .

EL PRESENT SIMPLE

4 . Paul teaches English .


AFIRMATIVA

you

run

runs

it

they

RESPUESTAS BREVES

corres

ella corre

INTERROGATIVA

Do
yo u

corre

we
yo u

5. You chat on the Internet.

corro

l corre

he
she

TRADUCCIN

he

corremos

run

corris

Does

she

yo u

they

Yes, you do. / No, you don't.


Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.
Yes, it does. / No, it doesn't.

we
Do

Yes, 1do. / No, 1 don't.

Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.


work?

it

corren

Se usa para expresar hechos habituales, situaciones y


estados. La 3 persona del singular aade una s al final.
Carmen runs on Mondays. (Carmen corre los lunes.)

work?

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

Yes, we do./ No, we don't.


work?

Yes, you do. / No, you don't.


Yes, they do. / No, they don't.
nine ty -one

91

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
En la interrogativa se pone el auxiliar do / does delante
del sujeto y en las respuestas breves se repite detrs de l.

En negativa se pone not detrs del verbo to be, pero


en la conversacin suele contraerse con l.

Does he go out in the afternoons? No, he doesn't.


(l sale por las tardes? No.)

We are not (aren 't) eating. (No estamos comiendo.)


RESPUESTAS BREVES

EJERCICIO

INTERROGATIVA

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.

Am

1. You live in Paris.

Are you
he

2. Patrick works in a pub.


Is

3. Your friends like London.


4. Ellen exercises every day.
5. You play football in the afternoons.

she

Para hacer preguntas con las partculas who, where,


what, when, how, etc., ponemos la partcula + do /
does + el sujeto + el verbo en la forma base.

Where do es she work? She works in a hotel.


(Dnde trabaja? Ella trabaja en un hotel.)
Recuerda que to be y have got no necesitan do / does
en interrogativa, as que tampoco en estas preguntas.

What have you got there? (Qu tienes ah?)

EL PRESENT CONTINUOUS
AFIRMATIVA

sleeping

FORMA CONTRADA

l'm sleeping

you are sleeping

you're sleeping

he

he

she

is sleeping

she

it

it

we

we

yo u

are sleeping

they

you

's sleeping

're sleeping

they

Yes, 1am. / No, l'm not.


Yes, you are. / No, you aren't.
Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

taking?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

it

Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.

we

Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.

Are you
Preguntas con partcu las interrogativas

1 am

taking?

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

taking?

they

Yes, you are. / No, you aren't.


Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

En interrogativa se intercala el sujeto entre el verbo


to be y el terminado en ing . En las respuestas breves
se usa el pronombre sujeto y to be sin contraer en
las afirmativas y contrado en las negativas.

Is he taking any photos? No, he isn 't.


(Est haciendo fotos? No.)
Antes de aadir la terminacin ing a la forma base
del verbo hay que seguir estas regl as ortogrficas:
- Si acaba en e muda, pierde esa vocal:
come - coming
write - writing
- Si tiene una 1 slaba y acaba en 1 vocal +
1 consonante, dobla esa consonante:
sit - sitting
swim - swimming
Con el Present Continuous se utilizan las siguientes
expresiones temporales: now (ahora), right now
Gusto ahora I ahora mismo), at the moment (en este
momento), today (hoy), this morning (esta maana),
etc. Todas pueden ir al principio o al f inal de la frase,
pero se suelen poner ms al final.

We are studying now. (Ahora estamos estudiando.)


EJERCICIO

Expresa acciones que estn ocurriendo en el momento


mismo de hablar o en el periodo de tiempo presente.
La afirmativa se forma con el presente del verbo to be
como auxiliar + el verbo principal terminado en ing .

They are (They're) sleeping. (Estn durmiendo.)

Traduce.
1 . Sam is writing an e-mail at t he moment.

2. We aren't dancing right now.

3. Are you talking to me?


4. 1 am watching TV now.

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

1 am not eating

l'm not eating

you are not eating

you aren't eating

he

he

she

is not eating

it

El Present Simple expresa hbitos o actividades


cotidianas y el Continuous se usa para decir lo que
est ocurriendo ahora y que rom pe con la rut ina .

we
are not eating

they

92 n inety-two

you
they

CONTRASTE PRESENT SIMPLE /


PRESENT CONTINUOUS

isn't eating

it

we
you

she

5. What are you doing?

aren't eating

Tom usual/y plays tennis but today he is


playing football. (Tom normalmente juega al
tenis pero hoy est jugando al ftbol.)

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

LOS VERBOS

11

ESTTICOS "

love (amar}, like (gustar), hate (odiar}, w ant (querer)


think (pensar), remember (recordar), know (saber,
conocer), understand (comprender, entender),
believe (creer), feel (sentir), hope (esperar)
own (poseer)
see (ver}, hear (or)
Estos verbos se llaman as porque expresan gust os,
sentimient os y deseos, actividades de la mente,
posesin y percepcin, es decir, "est ados" en lugar
de acciones que implican movimiento. Por eso no se
suelen emplear en la forma continua.

We know the answer. (Sabemos la respuesta.)

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

1was not

1wasn't

you were not

you weren't

he

he
was not

she

she

it

it

we

we
were not

you

you

they

wasn 't

weren't

they

Para formar la negativa ponemos not detrs de w as /


were, y como siempre, las formas contradas son ms
frecuentes en la conversacin.

/ was not (wasn 't) ill. (No estuve enfermo.)

EJERCICIO

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.

1. Robert likes football.

1. We were relaxed.

2. We understand Eng lish .

2. You were upset.

3. Do you exercise every day?

3. 1was scared.

4. 1am listenin g to you.

4 . Lilly was su rprised .

5. 1 want sorne coffee rig ht now.

5. My friends were angry.


RESPUESTAS BREVES

EL PASADO DEL VERBO TO BE


AFIRMATIVA

lwas

INTERROGATIVA

she

Yes, 1 was. I No, 1wasn't.

Were you ... ?

Yes, you were. / No, you weren't.

Was
was

it
Were

we
yo u

were

r.1~GAT1ve.

Was 1 .. ?

you were
he

AFIRWIATIVA I

he ... ?

Yes, he was. / No, he wasn't.

she ... ?

Yes, she was. I No, she wasn't.

it ... ?

Yes, it was. / No, it wasn't.

we ... ?

Yes, we were. / No, we weren't.

you ... ?

Yes, you were. / No, you weren't.

they ... ?

Yes, they were. / No, they weren't.

they
En afirmativa es was en la 1 y 3 persona del singular y
were en las dems. En castellano puede traducirse por
pretrito perfecto simple o po r pretrito imperfecto.

The children were very hungry.


(Los nios tenan mucha hambre.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. You were late.

2.

was in t he park.

3 . We were at school.

4 . Janet was at home.


5. The children were excited .

En interrogativa se cambia el orden del sujeto y el


verbo, y en las respuestas breves se usa el pronombre
sujeto y wa s / were o w asn 't / w eren 't.

Was your father angry? No, he wasn 't.


(Estaba tu padre enfadado? No.)
Las oraciones en pasado suelen llevar alguna expresin
temporal que indica en qu momento ocu rri la accin.
Las ms frecuentes son: yesterday (ayer), at + una
hora, last night (anoche), o n + un da de la semana,
in + un ao, last week / m o nth / year (la semana
pasada I el mes pasado / el ao pasado) y las que llevan
ago (hace), que siempre se pone al final de la frase.

In 1990, my brother was 21 years o/d.


(En 1990 mi hermano tena 21 aos.)
This was a hospital many years ago.
(Esto fue un hospital hace muchos aos.)
ninety-thre e

93

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
EJERCICIO

son: drink (beber) - drank, go (ir) - went, see (ver) saw y write (escribir) - wrote.

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.


1. The tour was good.

EJERCICIO

2. You were worried .

Traduce.

3. lt was a nice trip .

1.

4. They were at the cinema yesterday.

5. Fred was in Cambridge last week.

1 visited

London last year.

2 . Carmen played football yesterday.


3 . We went to the cinema.

4. Tom read a good book .

THERE WAS I THERE WERE

5. My friends ate the pizza.

Son las formas de pasado de there is y there are y


por lo tanto significan "haba" o "hubo" .
There was some milk.
(Haba [algo de] leche.)
There weren't any difficult questions in the exam.
(No hubo ninguna pregunta difcil en el examen.)
Was there any bread? Yes, there was.
(Haba [algo de] pan? S.)

yo u

you

he

he

EJERCICIO

we

we

yo u

yo u

they

they

NEGATIVA

she

she
did not see

it

Traduce.

FORMA CONTRADA

it

didn't see

1. There were two dogs in the house.


2. There was sorne water on t he table.

3. There wasn 't any coffee.


4. Were there any modern paintings?

5. There weren't any tour guides at the museum.

En la negativa, los verbos regulares y los irregulares llevan


did not I didn 't seguido del verbo en la forma base.
We did not (didn 't) see any snakes in the zoo.
(No vimos ninguna serpiente en el zoo .)
EJERCICIO

EL PAST SIMPLE
AFIRMATIVA

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


TRADUCCIN

trabaj / trabajaba
yo u

trabajaste / trabajabas

he

trabaj / trabajaba

she
it

worked

trabaj / trabajaba

1.

1 walked

to school.

2 . We went to the pub last night.

3. You w orked yesterday.


4. Brenda taught English last year.
5. Sharon met Alan in the park.

trabaj / trabajaba
RESPUESTAS BREVES

we

trabajamos / trabajbamos

you

trabajasteis / trabajabais

they

trabajaron / trabajaban

INTERROGATIVA

Yes, 1 did. I No, 1 didn't .

Se usa pa ra expresar hechos pasados y acciones


ocurridas en un momento concreto del pasado.
Con los verbos regulares se aade a la forna base la
terminacin ed, y es igual en todas las personas. Antes
de aad irla hay que segu ir estas reglas ortogrficas:
- Si acaba en e muda, slo se aade la d: five - lived.
- Si tiene una 1 slaba y acaba en vocal + consonante,
se dobla la consonante: stop - stopped.
- Si acaba en consonante+ y, se cambia la y por i:
study - studied
Los irregulares no siguen ni nguna regla, por eso hay que
aprenderlos de memoria. Algunos de los ms comunes

94 ninety-four

AFIRMATIVA / NEGATIVA

Did

you

Yes, you did . /No, you didn't.

he

Yes, he did. / No, he didn't.

she
it

go?

Yes, she did. / No, she didn't.


Yes, it did. /No, it didn't.

we

Yes, we did. I No, we didn't .

you

Yes, you did. I No, you didn't.

they

Yes, they did. I No, they didn't .

En interrogativa se pone did delante del sujeto, y en


las respuestas breves el pronombre personal sujeto +
did I didn't, sin repetir el verbo en la forma base.
Did she go to the beach? Yes, she did.
( Fue a la playa? S.)

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
Se emplean las mismas expresiones temporales que con
to be en pasado, adems de in the past (en el pasado) .

In the past, we went to discos.


(En el pasado bamos a las discotecas.)

EJERCICIO

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


1.

wi ll travel to Japan one day.

2. You will be a barman .


EJERCICIO

3. lt wil l rain today.

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.

4 . We' ll have fun at the party.

1. You drank tea .

5. They'll buy a red car.

2. 1 saw a fi lm last week .

RESPUESTAS BREVES

3 . They listened to the CD.

INTERROGATIVA

4. Eric planned a trip to ltaly.

Yes, 1will. /No, 1won't.

5. Susan wrote a book two years ago.

EL FUTURO CON WILL


Will
AFIRMATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

you

you

he

he

she

she
will buy

it

it

we

we

you

yo u

they

they

'11 buy

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

yo u

Yes, you will. I No, you wont.

he

Yes, he will. /No, he won't.

she
it

be ... ?

Yes, she will. / No, she wont.


Yes, it will. / No, it won't.

we

Yes, we will. /No, we wont.

yo u

Yes, you will. / No, you won't.

they

Yes. they will. J No, they wont.

En interrogativa usamos will + el sujeto + el verbo


en la forma base, y en las respuestas breves slo el
pronombre sujeto y will o won't.

Wi/11 be an actor? No, you won't. (Ser actor? No.)

Se usa para hacer predicciones sobre lo que creemos que


ocurrir. En afirmativa, se forma con will + la forma
base de un verbo. En la conversacin, will se contrae
con el sujet o ('11) y se pronuncia como una sola "I".

Con will se pueden usar las expresiones temporales


que indican un futuro lejano o cercano: one day (algn
da), in the future (en el futuro), in + una estacin del
ao I un ao, next week I month / year (la semana /
el mes/ el ao que viene), soon (pronto), tomorrow
(maana), today (hoy), tonight (esta noche), etc.

lt will be hot tomorrow. (Maana har calor.)

lt wll (lt'll) snow tomorrow. (Nevar maana.)


EJERCICIO

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.

1. They wil l visit us soon.

1. Kate will take photos.

2. You wi ll have a good day.

2. Alberto will be a chef.

3. My friend w ill be a vet.

3. You wi ll live in London in the future.

4. 1will live in ltaly one day.

4. lt'll be windy tomorrow.

5 . lt will be cold tomorrow.

5. Your parents will travel to Mexico one day.

NEGATIVA

FORMA CONTRADA

you

you

he

he

she

she
will not have

it

it

we

we

you

yo u

they

they

EL FUTURO CON BE GO/NG TO


AFIRMATIVA

wont have

En negativa usamos w ill + noto la contraccin won't.

They will not (won 't) have tea. (Ellos no t omarn t.)

FORMA CONTRADA

1am going to visit

l'm going to visit

you are going to visit

you're going to visit

he

he

she

is going
to visit

it

they

's going
to visit

it

we
yo u

she

we
are going
to visit

you

're going
to visit

they
ninety-five

95

APNDICE GRAMATICAL
Se usa para hablar de planes o intenciones. Se forma
con to be en presente+ going to + un verbo en la
forma base y significa " ir a" + infinitivo.
They are (Theyre) going to take the evening train.
(Van a coger el tren de la tarde.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. We're going to play foot ba ll to day.
2 . Cheng is going to p lay t he guitar at t he pa rty.

Is he going to work in England nex t year?


Yes, he is.
(l va a trabajar en Inglaterra el ao que viene? S.)

Con be going to suelen usarse expresiones temporales


que indiquen un futuro cercano: fater (ms tarde), soon
(pronto), tomorrow (maana), today (hoy), tonight
(esta noche), next week / month / year / summer
(la semana /el mes /el ao/ el verano que viene),
on + un da de la semana, at + una hora, etc.
Are you going to watch the film tonight? Yes, I am.
(Vas a ver la pelcula esta noche? S)

3 . l'm goi ng to visit you this even ing .


4 . Helen is going to w ork tomo rrow.

EJERCICIO

5 . They are going to meet at 9 o 'clock .

Completa las respuestas breves.

NECiA

FORMA CONTRAiDA

1 am not going to do

rm not going to do

2. Is Dan going to work in London? No, ...... ....

you are not going to do

you aren't going to do

3. Are your friends going to have a party? Yes, .... ..... .

he

he

4 . Are we going to study tonight? Yes, ......... .

she

is not going
to do

it

she

isn't going
to do

5. Is Linda going to travel this weekend? No, ......... .

aren't going
to do

EL PRESENT CONTINUOUS CON VALOR


DE FUTURO

it

we
yo u

are not going


to do

they

we
yo u
they

En negativa se aade not o n 't al verbo to be.


She is not (isn 't) going to do her homework.
(Ella no va a hacer los deberes.)
EJERCICIO

Pon en negativa las siguientes frases.


1. Carmen is going to have dinner at 8 o'clock.
2 . We are going to study ton ight.
3. Ken is going to clean his room today.
4 . You are going to read a book at the weekend.
5.

1. Are you going to meet us here? Yes, ... ...... .

am going to buy a dictionary.


RESPUESTAS BREVES

INTERROGATIVA

Am 1 going to work?

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

Yes, 1am. / No, l'm not.

Are you going to work? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't .
he
Is she

Are you
they

My friends are staying in Brighton tonight. (Mis


amigos se quedan I se quedarn en Brighton esta
noche.) [es un hecho seguro, no una intencin]
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. l'm working this evening.
2. My friends and 1 are studying later.
3. Helen is travelling to Brighton at the weekend.

Yes, he is. / No. he isn't.

4 . Angela and Tony are having lunch at 2 o'clock.

work?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

5. We're staying in London tonight.

Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.


going to
work?

Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.

CAN

Yes, you are. I No, you aren't.

Se utiliza para expresar habilidad (saber), posibilidad


(poder) y, en preguntas, pa ra pedir permiso o favores.
Es un verbo modal y por tanto especial, ya que no
aade s en la 3 persona del singular y siempre va
seguido de otro verbo en la forma base.

Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

En interrogat iva intercalamos el sujeto entre to be y


going to. En las respuestas breves usamos el pronombre
sujeto y to be, sin contraer en afirmativa y contrado
en negativa .

96 ninety-six

Adems, se usa con "valor de futuro" para anunciar


planes personales que ocurrirn en el futuro cercano
con seguridad porque ya se han fijado. Al hacerlo, hay
que indicar cundo exactamente va a ocurrir la accin, si
no parecer un Present Continuous normal. Usamos las
mismas expresiones temporales que con be going to.

going to

it
we

Ya viste que el Present Continuous se usa para expresar


lo que est ocurriendo en el momento de hablar y que
se forma con to be+ un verbo terminado en ing .

Pam can drive. (Pam sabe conducir.)


Cathy can come today. (Cathy puede venir hoy.)

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

En negativa slo se le aade not, sin separacin


(cannot), o se usa la forma contrada can 't.

/ cannot I can 't dance. (No s bailar.)

EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. W e m ust lea ve now.

En las preguntas hay que poner can delante del sujeto.


En las respuestas breves se vuelve al orden normal,
usando el pronombre sujet o y can o can't.

Can I order? Yes, you can. (Puedo pedir? S.)

2 . Rick mustn't be late.


3 . The students must study today.
4 . You must n't eat th is fish .
5. W e m ust b uy sorne food now .

EJERCICIO

Traduce.

LOS ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS

1. Sylvia can cook sou p .


2 . W e can't come to t he party.
3. Can
4.

ask you a quest ion, please?

1 can 't

play footba ll.

5 . Can you dance?

SHOULD
Should es el verbo modal con el que damos consejos o
decimos lo que creemos que se debera hacer.

You shou/d go to the doctor. (Deberas ir al mdico.)

my

mi, mis

your

tu, tus; su, sus (de usted)

his

su, sus (de l)

her

su, sus (de ella)

its

su, sus (de cosa o animal}

our

nuestro/a, nuestros/as

your

vuestro/a, vuestros/as; su, sus (de ustedes)

their

su, sus (de ellos/as)

Siempre van delante del nombre que indica la cosa


poseda, sin importar que sea una o ms de una :
my name, my books (mi nombre, mis libros).

En negativa le aadimos not o la contraccin n't.

He shouldn't phone her. (t i no debera llamarla.)


En interrogativa se pone should delante del sujeto,
pero en las respuestas breves, el pronombre sujeto +
should o shouldn't.

Should I buy a new fridge? Yes, you should.


(Debera comprar un frigorfico nuevo? S.)
EJERCICIO

En la 3 persona del singular hay tres formas muy


diferenciadas para indicar si el poseedor es de gnero
masculino (his), femenino (her) o neutro (its).

LOS PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS


mine

mo/a, mos/as

yours

tuyo/a, tuyos/as; suyo/a, suyos/as (de usted)

his

suyo/a, suyos/as (de l)

Traduce.

hers

suyo/a, suyos/as (de ella)

1. You should buy a camera .

ours

nuestro/a, nuestros/as

2. We should have dinner soo n.

yours

vuestro/a, vuestros/as; suyo/a, suyos/as


(de ustedes)

3 . You shouldn't go now .


4 . Should

have a salad?

5 . She shouldn 't phone him .

MUST
Must es otro verbo modal. Expresa la obligacin o la
necesidad fuerte de hacer algo, pues significa deber.
Siempre va seguido de otro verbo en la forma base.

Alberto must study today (Alberto debe estudiar hoy.)


En negativa le aadimos not, pero usamos ms su forma
contrada, mustn't. En este caso tiene un significado
distinto: expresa prohibicin, lo que no est permitido
y no se debe hacer porque no es conveniente o correcto
hacerlo.

You mustn't smoke in the office.


(No debes fumar en la oficina.) [est prohibido)

theirs

suyo/a, suyos/as (de ellos/as)

Se usan para no repet ir el nombre que indica la cosa


poseda, pero no concuerdan con l en gnero ni en
nmero, sino que concuerdan con el poseedor.
A veces, al traducir estos pronombres los puedes
acompaar con el artculo determinado.

Those coats aren't yours. They are ours. (Esos abrigos


no son [los] vuestros. Son [los] nuestros.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. What is your name?
2 . Thi s is my book.
3 . These apples are yo urs.
4 . Wh ere are o u r CDs?
5. These cats are hers.

ninety-seven

97

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

LOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES OBJETO


me

me (a m)

you

te (a t), lo, la; le, se (a usted)

him

lo, le, se (a l)

her

la, le, se (a ella)

it

lo, la (a una cosa o un animal)

us

nos (a nosotros/as)

you

os (a vosotros/as); los, las, les (a ustedes)

them

los, las; les, se (a ellos/as)

Son los que hacen de complemento directo,


indirecto o circunstancial.

Ken phoned me at half past six.


(Ken me llam a las seis y media.)
We shou/d buy her a jacket.
(Deberamos comprarle una chaqueta .)

Lo utilizamos para expresar:


- Acciones pasadas sin especificar cundo ocurrieron.

We have seen that film befare.


(Nosotros hemos visto esa pelcula antes .)
- Acciones empezadas en el pasado que an continan .
En ingls se suelen usar expresiones temporales con
foro since para indicar cunto tiempo lleva
ocurriendo la accin, pero en castellano lo que
hacemos es traducir el Present Perfect en presente.

/ ha ve known Peter for two years.


(Conozco a Peter desde hace dos aos.)
Cheng has been in Cornwall since Tuesday.
(Cheng est en Cornwall desde el martes.)
- Acciones pasadas que acaban de ocurrir. En este caso
se pone just entre have I has y el participio y se
traduce por "acabar de" + infinitivo.

Tom has just arrived. (Tom acaba de llegar.)


En negativa se aade not o n't a have / has.

Eric hasn't come. (Eric no ha venido.)

My parents will chat with him.


(Mis padres hablarn con l.)

EJERCICIO

Si la frase lleva complemento directo e indirecto,


colocamos primero el complemento d irecto, seguido
de una p reposicin y del complemento indirecto.

I need that book. Can you give it to me?


(Necesito ese libro. Me lo puedes dar?)

Traduce.
1. You haven't cooked dinner.

2. l've bought a dictionary.


3. You've been to Lon don .

EJERCICIO

4. Amanda has seen th e film.

Traduce.

5. Tony hasn't worked at a pub.

1. He likes me.

RESPUESTAS BREVES

2. 1often visit them.


3. Come with us.

INTERROGATIVA

Have

4 . 1 talked to him .

5. Did you help her?


Has

EL PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


AFIRMATIVA

yo u

have played

he
she

has played

she

hasn't played

it

we
they

yo u

haven't played

he

it

yo u

NEGATIVA

you

Yes, 1 have. / No, 1haven't.


yo u

Yes, you have. /No, you havent.

he

Yes, he has. I No, he hasn't.

she

cleaned?

Yes, she has. I No, she hasn't.

it

Yes, it has./ No, it hasn't.

we

Yes, we have. /No, we haven't.

you

Yes, you have. I No, you haven't.

they

Yes, they have. I No, they haven't.

En interrogativa el sujeto va detrs de have / has y en


las respuestas breves slo se usan los pronombres sujeto
y el auxiliar, nunca el participio.

Have you cleaned your bedroom? Yes, I have.


(Has limpiado tu habitacin? S.)

we
have played

Have

AFIRMATIVA I NEGATIVA

haven't played

EJERCICIO

they

Pon en interrogativa las siguientes frases.


Est e tiempo (Pretrito Perfecto Compuesto) se forma
con el auxiliar have (haber) + el participio del verbo
principal, que termina en ed si el verbo es reg ular.

They have (They've) played football.


(Ellos han jugado al ftbol.)

98 n ine ty-eig ht

1. l 've written an e-mail.


2 . Dan has lived in Greece.
3 . Carmen has gone to a rest aurant.
4. You 've had dinner.
5. W e have met.

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

Las expresiones temporales que usamos con el Present


Perfect Simple son :

e ver

frases interr.

Have you ever travelled


to London?

alguna vez

frases neg.
nunca, jams

never

frases afirm .
nunca

already frases afirm.


frases afirm .

just
yet

frases neg.

1. The jacket is cheaper than the shirt.


2. The bl ue dress is prettier than t he red dress.

3 . The tomate soup is better than the onion soup.

Carmen has never sent


an e-mail.

5. The hat is more expensive than the dress.

Angela has just bought


the pink skirt.

acabar de

Traduce.

Alberto hasn't ever


cooked Chinese food.

They have already


finished their homework.

ya

EJERCICIO

todava, an

The match hasn 't started


yet.

frases interr. ya

Have you eaten yet?

for

durante

Cheng has lived there for


ayear.

sin ce

desde

Ken has been in Cornwall


since Monday

Todas menos yet, for y since se ponen entre el auxiliar


have y el participio del verbo principal.

4. The trousers are more elegant than the jeans.

EL SUPERLATIVO
Se usa para comparar ms de dos cosas o personas
y decir que una destaca sobre las dems. Siempre se
pone el artculo the delante del adjetivo.
Igual que en el comparativo, debemos tener en cuenta
su longitud:
- Si es corto, le aadimos la terminacin est segn las
mismas reglas que usamos para formar el comparativo
con er.
lt was t he easiest exercise in the test.

(Fue el ejercicio ms fcil del examen.)


- Si es largo, le ponemos delante the most.
Spring is the most beautiful season of the year. (La

primavera es la estacin ms bonita del ao.)

EL COMPARATIVO
Lo utilizamos para comparar dos cosas o personas.
Si son distintas porque una supera a la otra en algn
aspecto, usamos el comparativo de superioridad (ms
... que). Para formarlo correctamente debemos tener
en cuenta la longitud del adjetivo que empleamos:
- Si tiene 1 slaba, o 2 y termina en y, el adjetivo se
considera corto y le aadimos la terminacin er.
Luego se pone la partcula than.

El superlativo puede ir seguido de las preposiciones


on, of e in. Esta ltima slo se utiliza delante de un
nombre en singular que se refiera a un lugar o grupo.
These are the cheapest shoes in our shop.

(Estos son los zapatos ms baratos de nuestra tienda.)


Monday is the hardest day of al!.

(El lunes es el da ms duro de todos.)


Unos cuantos adjetivos muy comunes son irregulares y
hay que aprenderlos de memoria:

My brother is taller than me.

(Mi hermano es ms alto que yo.)


- Si tiene 2 slabas o ms, el adjetivo es largo, le
anteponemos more y tambin aadimos than.
The blue jacket is more expensive than the black one.

(La chaqueta azul es ms cara que la negra.)


Muchos adjetivos cortos cambian algunas letras al
aadirles la terminacin er; por eso hay que saber
aplicar las siguientes reglas.
- Los acabados en e muda slo aaden la r.
wide - wider

nice - nicer

- Los de 1 slaba acabados en 1 voca 1 + 1


consonante doblan esa consonante.
thin - thinner

big - bigger

- Los de 2 slabas acabados en consonante +y


cambian la y por una i.
happy - happier

ADJETIVO

COMPARATIVO

SUPERLATIVO

good (bueno/a)

better than

the best

bad (malo/a)

worse than

the worst

little (poco/a)

less than

the least

EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1. These are the cheapest shoes in the shop.
2. Th is is the most difficult question in the test.
3. lt is the w orst restaurant in the city.
4. You are the thinnest person in your fam ily.
5. W ho is the prettiest girl in your class?

easy - easier

ninety-nine

99

APNDICE GRAMATICAL

LOS ADVERBIOS DE MODO


ADJETIVO

ADVERBIO DE MODO

quick (rpido/a)

quickly (deprisa /rpidamente)

slow (!entola)

slowly (despacio)

loud (a/to/a)

loudly (en voz alta; con el


volumen alto)

careful (cuidadoso/a)

carefully (con cuidado)

quiet (callado/a)

quietly (en silencio, sin hacer


ruido; en voz baja)

neat (ordenado/a)

neatly (ordenadamente)

messy (desordenado/a)

messily (desordenadamente)

bad (malo/a)

badly (mal)

good (bueno/a)

well (bien)

hard (duro/a I difcil)

hard (duramente/ mucho)

fast (rpido/a)

fast (deprisa /rpidamente)

Modifican a los verbos porque describen la forma en


que se realiza la accin. Con ellos se responde a las
preguntas que empiezan con How ... ? (Cmo ... ?).
La mayora son regulares y se forman aadiendo la
terminacin ly al adjetivo correspond iente, menos los
tres ltimos de la tabla, que son irregulares.
I can 't hear him because he is speaking quietly.
(No puedo orle porq ue est hablando en voz baja.)
Sue drove fast.
(Sue condujo deprisa.)
EJERCICIO

Traduce.
1.

1 walk

slowly.

2. We are speaki ng quietly.


3 . You da nce well .
4. Please write clearly.
5. Let's work quickly.

100 one hundred

PRONUNCIATION KEY
a:

start, arm

near

d id

re

act, hat

lot

f it

'

cry, five

d(,)

note, coa t

g ood

w in

3:

more, saw

how

zoo

a1;i fire, t yre


au ou t, down
au;i flour, t ower

t ea
v oice

:)J

boy, coin

y ellow

could, stood

king, cat

shop, action

l eg

ring

man

tf

ch eap

measure, vision

met. lend

u:

you ,choose

e1

say, mai n, w eight

U;)

su re

m
11

no

e
o

th anks

pen
r un

d3

Ju ne

soon

e;i
i:

fa ir, care, w ear

3:

t urn, third, w ord

fit

but, must

f eed, bea t

forgotten, ago

p
r

happy

bed

the

Todos los significados dados en este glosario corresponden estrictamente al contexto en el que aparecen las palabras
en el libro. Este glosario no debe nunca sustituir a un diccionario.

boss / bos/ jefe/a

above / ;i'bAv/ por encima (de), sobre

boxing / 'boks1u/ boxeo

actually / 'rektIJdli/ realmente, en realidad

bread / bred/ pan

aeroplane / 'e;ir;iplem/ avin

bus / bAs/ autobs

air conditioner / 'e;i k;indrfon;i/ aire acondicionado

busy /'b1zi/ ocupado/a

alarm dock / ;i'la:m klok/ despertador (set the -: poner

el despertador)

cake / keik/ pastel, tarta

all over /:xi 'dUv;i/ por todo/a

camera / 'ka:m;ir;,>/ cmara

all right /:>:! 'rait/ de acuerdo

car / ka:/ coche

also /'3:lsdU/ tambin

care / ke;i/ cuidar

amazing /;'memu/ asombroso/a

casual / 'kre3u;il/ informa l

angry / 'reugri/ enfadado/a

chat / tfret/ charlar, "chatear", conversar

arm / a:m/ brazo

cheap / tfi:p/ barato/a

artist / 'a:ust/ artista

chef / fef/ chef, jefe/a de cocina

autumn / ':>:t;m/ otoo

chicken / 'tf rkm/ pollo

choose l tf u:z/ elegir

ballroom dancing / b:>:lru:m 'da:nsq/ baile de saln

church / thtf / iglesia

barman /'ba:m;in/ camarero (de barra)

clean (adj) / kli:n/ limpio/a

basketball / 'ba:sk1tb3:1/ baloncesto

clean (v) / kli:n/ limpiar

be missing / bi: 'mlSl!J/ faltar

close / kldUz/ parecido/a, similar

beach / bi:tf/ playa

closed / kldUzd / cerrado/a

bear / be;i/ oso

cloudy /' klaudi/ nublado/a, con nubes

become / bi:'kAm/ converti rse en

coat / kdUt/ abrigo

begin / b1'gm/ empezar

cold / kdUld/ fro/a (ft's - : Hace fro; get -: refrescar)

behind / b1'hamd/ detrs de

come over / kAm 'dUv;i/ irse a I pasarse por casa

bicycle / 'bais1bl/ bicicleta

(de una persona)

bird / bJ:d/ pjaro

competition / komp;i'ufon/ concurso

boat / bdUt/ barco

complain / k;im'plem/ quejarse

body / 'bodi/ cuerpo

contestant / bn'test;int/ concursante

bookshelf / 'bukfelf/ estantera

cow / kau/ vaca

boring / 'b:wu/ aburrido/a, que aburre

cross the street / kros o;i 'stri:t/ cruzar la calle

one hundred and one 101

GLOSARIO

crown / kraun/ corona

cycling / 'sarklI!J/ montar en bicicleta, ciclismo

get in / get 'm/ entrar en

get out of / get 'aut ov/ salir de

dance / da:ns/ bailar

get up / get 'Ap/ levantarse

dangerous / 'dernd3;;>r;;>s/ peligroso/a

giraffe /d3r'ra:f/ jirafa

decide / d1'sard/ decidir

give / gIV/ dar

delicious / d1'Irfos/ delicioso/a

go around / g;;,u ;;,'raund/ dar vueltas

desert / 'dez;;>t/ desierto

go camping / g;;,u 'k;empr!J/ ir de acampada

difficult /'drf1k;;>lt/ difcil

go down / g;;,u 'daun/ bajar

dirty / 'd3:ti/ sucio/a

go out / g;;,u 'aut/ salir

disappointed / drs;;>'p:>mtrd/ decepcionado/a


do shopping / du: 'fop1u/ hacer la compra

go straight / g;;,u 'strert/ ir recto/ derecho


go swimming / g;;>u 'swrmr9/ ir a nadar I a baarse

dress / dres/ vestido

go to the beach / g;;,u tu: fa 'bi:tf/ ir a la playa

drink to / 'dnuk tu:/ brindar por

go to the park / g;;>u tu: O;;> 'pa:k/ ir al parque

go to the theatre / g;;,u tu: o;;, '0i;;>t;;>/ ir al teatro

ears / 1;;>z/ orejas

go up/ g;;>u 'Ap/ subir

easy / 'i:zi/ fcil

goat / gdt/ cabra

eat / i:t/ comer

good to / 'gud tu:/ qu bueno

elegant / 'elrg;;>nt/ elegante

guess / ges/ adivinar, imaginar

elephant / 'ehfant/ elefante

guess what? / ges 'wot/ Sabes qu?, Adivina!

end / end/ terminar(se)

enjoy / m'd3:>1/ disfrutar de, pasarlo bien

hair / he;;>/ pelo

even / 'i:v;;>n/ incluso, hasta

hairdresser / 'he;;>dres;;,/ peluquero/a

everything / 'evri0i!J/ todo

hairdryer / 'he;;>dra1;;>/ secador de pelo

excellent / 'eks;;,l;:mt/ excelente

hand / h;end/ mano

excited (about) / 1k'samd/ emocionado/a (con)

hat / h<et/ sombrero

exciting / 1k'sartru/ emocionante

hate / hen/ odiar

exercise / 'eks;;>sa1z/ hacer ejercicio fsico

head / hed/ cabeza

expensive / 1k'spens1v/ caro/a

head / hed/ director/a, jefe/a

eyes / aiz/ ojos

healthy / 'hel0i/ saludable, sano/a

heat / hi:t/ calentar

farm / fo:m/ granja

help / help/ ayudar

fashion designer / 'f;efon d1zam;;>/ diseador/a de moda

hill / h11/ colina, cerro

favourite / 'feIV;;>nt/ favorito/a

horse / h:>:s/ caballo

fingers / 'fiug;;,z/ dedos de la mano

horse-riding / 'h:>:srardi!J/ montar a caballo, equitacin

fish (n) / f1f/ pescado

hot / hot/ caluroso/a (Jt's-: Hace calor)

fish (v) / fif/ pescar

how about ... ? / hau ;;>'baut/ Qu tal. .. ?, Qu te

fishing / 'frfru/ pescar, la pesca


fly / flar/ volar; pilotar

parece ... ?
hurry (up) / 'hAri (Ap) / darse prisa

foot / ft/ pie

for long / fa 'lou/ (por) mucho tiempo

in / m/ en, dentro de

forget / fa'get/ olvidar

in fact / rn 'f;ekt/ de hecho, en realidad

fox / foks/ zorro

in front of / rn 'frAnt ov/ delante de

fresh / fref/ fresco/a

interesting / 'rntr;;,suu/ interesante

fridge / fnd3/ frigorfico, nevera

item / 'aJt;;,m/ prenda

fruit / fru:t/ fruta

fun (adj) / f,m / divertido/a (have -: divertirse)

jacket / 'd3;ek1t/ chaqueta, cazadora

fun (n) / fAn/ diversin

jeans / d3i:nz/ pantalones vaqueros

funny / 'fAni/ gracioso/a

jewel / 'd3u:;;1J/ joya

fur / fa:/ piel (de los animales con pelo)

jumper / 'd3Amp;;>/ jersey


jungle / 'd3A!)g;;,J/ selva

102 one hundred ad two

GLOSARIO

junk food / 'd3Al)k fu:d/ comida basura

painting / 'pernuu/ cuadro, pintura

kettle / 'ket::>I/ tetera, recipiente donde calentar agua

path / pa:8/ camino

pig / prg/ cerdo

lake / le1k/ lago

plan / plren / plan

land / la':nd/ tierra

play football / pler 'futb::>:I/ jugar al ftbol

laptop /'lreptop/ ordenador porttil

play the guitar / ple1 O;} g1'ta:/ tocar la guitarra

large / la:d3/ grande

pool / pu:I/ piscina

late / len/ tarde (be-for: llegar tarde a)

popcorn / 'popb:n / palomitas de maz

lawyer /'b:j::>/ abogado/a

pretty / 'pnti/ bonito/a

leather / 'leo::>/ (de) cuero I piel

promise /'prom1s/ prometer

leg / le g/ pierna

lion /'lar::> n / len

queen / kwi:n/ reina

listen to music / hs::>n tu: 'mju:z1k/ escuchar msica

quiet / 'kwa1;-Jt/ tranquilidad

look around / luk ::>'raund/ mirar, echar un vistazo

lorry / 'lori/ camin

rainy /'remi/ lluvioso/a

love / Lw/ encantar

relaxed / n 'Irekst/ relajado/a

remember / n'm;Jmb;J/ recordar

mackintosh / 'mrekrntof/ impermeable, chubasquero

rent / rent/ alquilar

manager / 'mremd3::>/ gerente, director/a

ride (n) / raid/ vuelta, paseo (en un medio de

meat / mi: t/ carne

transporte, no a pie)

meet / mi:t/ conocer a, reunirse con


1

microwave oven / markr::>werv Av::>n/ horno de


microondas
milk (n) / mdk/ leche

ride (v) /raid/ montar en/ a


river / 'nv::>/ ro
road / r::>ud/ carretera
rollerblading /'r::>ul::>ble1d1u/ patinar, patinaje con

milk (v) / mrlk/ ordear


miss / mrs/ perder (el tren ... ); perderse (algo bueno);
echar de menos

patines en lnea
rugby / 'rAgbi/ rugby
rules / ru:lz/ reglas

mobile phone / m::>uba1l 'faun/ telfono mvil

monkey / 'mAIJki/ mono

sail / sed/ navegar, navegacin a vela

motorcycle /'m::>ut::>sark::>l/ moto

salad /'srel::>d/ ensalada

mountain / 'maunt::>n / montaa

sandw ich / 'srenw1d3/ snd w ich, bocadillo

mouth / mau8/ boca

scared /ske::>d/ asustado/a

musician / mju:'z1fon/ msico/a

scenery /'si:n;Jri/ paisaje

sea /si:/ mar

near / m ::>/ cerca de

season /'si:z;Jn/ estacin (del ao); temporada

new / nju:/ nuevo/a

see /si:/ ver

next to / 'nekst tu:/ al lado de

sell out / sel 'aut/ venderse; agotarse

nose / n::>uz/ nariz

send /send/ enviar

several /'sev;Jr;JI/ varios/as

Oh, dear /::>u 'd1::>/ Oh, Dios mo!

sheep / fi: p/ oveja/s

old / ::>uld/ viejo/a, antiguo/a

shirt / ht/ camisa, camiseta

old-fashioned / ::>uld'fre::>nd/ pasado/a de moda

shoes / fu:z / zapatos

on / on/ sobre, encima de

shop / fop/ tienda

on the left / on o::> 'left/ a la izquierda

shop assistant /'fop ;Js1st;Jnt/ dependiente/a

on the right / on o::> 'ra1t/ a la derecha

de una tienda

onion / 'Am::>n/ cebolla

shorts / ht3/ pantalones cortos

open / '::>up::>n/ abierto/a

skateboard /'skertb::>:d/ monopatn

opposite /'op::>zn/ enfrente de

skateboarding / 'ske1tb::>:dru/ montar en monopatn

orange ju ice / 'orrnd3 d3u:s/ zumo de naranja

skiing /'ski:ru/ esquiar, esqu

order / '::>:d::>/ pedir

skirt / sb:t/ falda

oven /'Av;Jn/ horno

snake /sne1k/ serpiente

one hundred and three

103

GLOSARIO

snowy / sn;,u/ con nieve, nevado/a

so far /s:iu 'fo:/ hasta ahora

waistcoat / 'we1stk~t/ chaleco

somebody / 'sAmbodi/ alguien

w arm (adj) / w-:x m/ clido/a, templado/a

sound system / 'saund s1st:im/ equipo de sonido

warm (v) / w-:xm/ calentar

soup / su:p/ sopa

washing machi ne /'wof1u m';}fi:n/ lavadora

spring / spnu/ primavera

waterfall / 'w:>:t:ifa:l/ cascada, catarata

stand / sGEnd/ ponerse, colocarse; estar de pie

wax / wreks/ (de) cera

stay / ste1/ quedarse

wear / we:i/ llevar puesto, ponerse (ropa)

success / s;)k'ses/ xito

w eather forecast / 'weh fa: ka:st/ pronstico del tiempo

successful /s:ik'sesfal/ de xito (be-: tener xito)

welcome back /we!k';}m 'ba:k/ me alegro de que hayas

suit / su:t/ traje

vuelto

summer / 'sAm';}/ verano

wet / wet/ mojado/a (get -: mojarse)

sunny / 'sAni/ soleado/a (ft's -: Hace sol)

What else? / wot 'els/ Qu ms?

surprised / s';}'praizd / sorprendido/a

What is ... 1ike? / wot 1z ... 'la1k/ Cmo es ... ?

sweater / 'swe td/ jersey

What's new? / wotz 'nju:/ Qu hay de nuevo?

w heel / wi:l/ rueda

take / te1k/ llevar, coger, llevarse (-a wa/k: dar un

w hichever / wuf'eva/ sea cual sea


whole / h';}ul/ entero/a

paseo)
take photos / terk 'f;,ut:iuz/ hacer I sacar fotografas

wide / ward/ (de) ancho

taxi / 't:eksi/ taxi

w indow / 'wmd;,u/ ventana; parabrisas

think / 01uk/ pensar, creer

w indy / 'wmdi/ con viento (Jts -: Hace viento)

through / 0ru:/ por

winter / 'wm td/ invierno

tiger / 'ta1g:i/ tigre

worried / 'wAri:d/ preocupado/a

tights / ta1tz/ medias, leotardos

write / rart/ escribir

tip / o p/ consejo

toes / t;,uz/ dedos de los pies

zebra / 'zebr';}/ cebra

toilet / 't:>Jl-;)t/ retrete


tomato

/ t;)'ma: t~/

tomate

too / tu:/ demasiado/a


tour guide / 'tJ: ga1d/ gua turstico/a (persona)
tour the city / o : o';} 's1ti/ hacer una visita guiada a la
ciudad
train / trem/ t ren
t rainers /'trem';)z/ zapatillas de deporte
trip / tr1p/ vi aje, excursin
trousers / 'trauzn/ pantalones
turn left / t:>:n 'left/ girar a la izquierda
turn right / o:n 'ra1t/ girar a la derecha
twice / twars/ dos veces

u
ugly / 'Agli/ feo/a
under / 'And:i/ debajo de
underground / 'And;)graund/ metro
upset / Ap's';}t/ disgustado/a

V
valley / 'va:li/ valle
vest / ve st/ camiseta interior
vet / vet/ veterinario/a
visit art galleries / vIZit 'a:tgrel;m z/ visitar (las) galeras
de arte
visit markets / vmt 'ma:krtz/ visitar / ir a (los) mercados
visit the zoo / v1z1t O;) 'zu:/ visitar el zoo

104 one hundred and four

-_ Palabras y expresiones tiles


-

GREETINGS

SALUDOS

ADJECTIVES

ADJETIVOS

Hi

Hola

boring

aburrido/a, que aburre

Helio

Hola

cheap

barato/a

Good morning

Buenos das

clean

limpio/a

Good afternoon

Buenas tardes

closed

cerrado/a

difficult

difcil

Good evening

Buenas tardes

dirty

sucio/a

My name is .. .

Me llamo ...

easy

fcil

This is ...

Este/Esta/Esto es ...

expensive

caro/a

Nice to meet you

Encantado/a de conocerte/
conocerle.

interesting

interesante

new

nuevo/a

Welcome back

Me alegro de que hayas vuelto

old

viejo/a, antiguo/a

What's new?

Qu hay de nuevo?

open

abierto/a

pretty

bonito/a

GIVING
DIRECTIONS

DAR
INDICACIONES

ugly

feo/a

go straight

ir recto/ derecho

VERBS

VERBOS

turn left

girar a la izquierda

begin

empezar

turn right

girar a la derecha

buy

comprar

on the left

a la izquierda

chat

charlar, "chatear", conversar

on the right

a la derecha

come

venir

go up

subir

dance

bailar

go down

bajar

drink

beber

eat

comer

cross the street

cruzar la calle

end

terminar

PREPOSITIONS
OF PLACE

PREPOSICIONES
DE LUGAR

exercise

hacer ejercicio fsico

forget

olvidar

in

en, dentro de

give

dar

on

sobre, encima de

go out

salir

under

debajo de

ha te

odiar

know

saber, conocer

above

por encima (de), sobre

listen

escuchar

near

cerca de

live

vivir

behind

detrs de

love

encantar

in front of

delante de

meet

conocer a, reunirse con

opposite

enfrente de

play

jugar; tocar (un instrumento)

read

leer

remember

recordar

see

ver

tea ch

ensear

think

pensar

travel

viajar

visit

visitar

write

escribir
one hundred and five

105

-:

Lista de Verbos Irregulares

4 ..

BASE FORM (V1)

PAST SIMPLE (V2)

PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

be / bi:/
was/were / woz/w3:/
been / ..bi:n/
,.._______ -- .
--------------...--- ....
beat / bi:t/
beat / bi:t/ ..
beaten
/'bi:tn/
- ----------------- - - --- ------- ---
become / b1'kAm/ ..
became / b1'ke1m/
become / b1'kAm/
..
-- - ---- ----- - - - -... -- ---------~~g_i_r.1.[~r.'_gr_fl:/._ --- ___ .. __l>eg~n j_~(9~n/_______
____begu_n / b1'9An!______ _____________ .
-

--

___

~~-- -- - ----------------

- --- -~----- -- - - -----

--~----

--- --- -----~

bend /b~d/ -------- ~ent / bent/ --------------~~r:!l.?~nt/


------------
bet / bet/
bet / bet/
bet / bet/
.. --bit / bit/
bitten / 'b1tn/
bite / bait/ --- --- - ..
....----- -
-------- --- - - ---- ---
..---------------- ... ---bleed / bli:d/ -- bled / bled/
bled / bled/
-
. -------------------
-
- --- . blow
/ bfau/
- ____ b!e_~_~~.:{.....------ ____ __ .. -----~-~n bl;:,u~/. - -- - - - . _--
... --- ' - .. --------------------- ...
break
/
brei:k/
broke / br;;>uk/
broken /' br;;>ukn /
...
.. --- ------- - .... ------------- --------
--~-- -- ~-.. -

------- -- --- -----~ ------

---- --~---~- ---

---~ -- -~-----

-----~-'" --

------~-

------- -~--~--

,._

------~--------------

~------------~------------

-- ...... ________brought / br::>:t/ ------ -----~!:.l11.h.!!'br:>:t/


built / bdt/ built -/ brlt/
--
. ----------- .,...
burnt/burned
/ b3:nt/ b3:nd/
burnt/burned / b3:nt/ bJ:nd/
.... --... --------- ---- - - - -..-----
--- ___ __ _!?_?_~-9~~./.~?:~L. ___________________ . ___ -- .. ---~o u_g_~_t / b?~_t(__ --------- - . -

bring / bnlJ/ _
build / bild/
burn
/ b3:n/
.,. ...... ----
buy / ba1/

----------------~-~--~

~ -

~---~---

--~--~-~--- -- - --. -

-- -~

c~td1/~_~t[2_--- -:-_:_- - - - ~a~ght jk:>:~f.-------------- - ----~~-~~~t_ / k:>:t/

--~

- ---- - --- ---- ---------

choos~ /t~?~L ___ - ------ ... ch ose / tJ;;>uz/ ------------------~~o~en j 'tJ;:,uzn /

come / kAm/
cost / kost/
cut
/ kAt/
.........

carne / ke1m/ - - - - -----


cost / kost/
------------- . .. . --------cut
/ kAt/
....-------

. .........-.-------....

come / kAm/
cost
/ kost/
- ------- ....... --
cut
/
kAt/.. ----
----

.. ----------

~_igj~x_g/_ ____________ - .... ---- ~-U..91~~.9!. ---- -- ---- --------~.U~.~9/ - ------- --------~o/~_:il_ _ __ --------- . - _ji9 ~ d1_~ / ....... ....--------- -------- _d~~-1:/~A_n/
--------------------~

--~---~- -------------

----~---~---

draw / dr:>/ --------- --- ____d rew / druj .. ____ - -- - ----------~~?':'.Y!lj~r.:xn/ -- --------- --- __ .._
d ream / dri:m/
dreamt/dreamed / dremt/ dri:md/
dreamt/dreamed / dremt/dri:md/
-- -. - - -
..
- ------------ ... ~fri~_k / d~ru_k/ ..
-------~~_?-~kj d~~JJ.~L ____
__dru_~!..6frA~~L _______ ___ .
9-_r_iv~J~!'~rv/ ______
--~~~~~..l~!~~v.'...
------ - ~rive~ / 'd~xy~{.... --------eat
/
i:t/
ate
/
ea
/
eaten
/ i:tn/
. ... .. ------------------- -- .... ----- - - -----,.

------- -~~-

--------- -~-- ~--

~--

----- -------------~-- - - - --- - -- - --------~-

fal 1/ fal/ ---- --- . .. ----- ... --~~-/fe!/


_ ----------------- - ....!.?!~~i_'fJfan /
. .-------------- .
feed --/ -fi:d/
fed
/
fed/
fed
/
fed/
----- -......-..
.. - --- -----------
...,..
feel
/ fi:I/
felt / telt/
.. .
- -
----------------- -- --. felt / felt/ .,... __
fi~~t /f.'.1_1~- .. _
_ _________!_o~g-~t (.~~(._______
_ fough_! ~~!. ..... -------_ __
fi ndj~~1~_9/ ----
_____f~.~r:_d__f~-~~~l----- ---- -found /fal?n~ -- ------- ----- -
f_IY../!l~!L...- - ---------~~e~_!_f!~J.. ...-----~------flo':'.Yn/fl;;>un/ -----------------forge_! (!_;:i'getl____ ___________- _ -f~_rgot /fa'90~-- --------------!<?.~?..!!~~ / fa '9otn/_ ____.....- ..-..- .. ----forgi:'e / fa'.9xy(_ _________________________________ fo_rg_ave /fa'9~LvL_.__________ -------~~~9J:'~-~- ~~91vn/
---freeze /- fri:z/
froze
/
fr;:,uz/
frozen
/
'fr;;>uzn/
---- -
........,,,.,,.,___.__ ...
-


-- - - -- - - -
-- --.........,~-

--- --~ -

---- - >Y~~ -~

~------

_, . ,_,,~-~--<~-

$!.~ ~/ 9~.t/
g_ivej 9'.'.'.(___

9?.j g~L ._._______ ... -

~- -- - - ~- --"

-~-~----- -

.w~--- -- - - ----

.,.."

- - ~-- -

---~----- --- ---

------J!~!l_~~~z.._.... -------.- got_f9-~~L....-.... --- ---- ----~:'~j_g_<:~.Y/ __ -----------


given / 91".~f.- ....... _-- - ------
_____we~!_f.we~-~----------------90n_e / 900/ ... ------- ------. _

...... -------_2rown / 9r;;>Un/ - - - ---------


grow__gr;;>U/ ---------- __ ___gre_~j gru:/ __
hang / hrep(_ _ ------ ----- . ~ung/hanged /hAD_l~c:eJJ..?.! _--------~ u~_g(.~_n.ged /h~!J/ ha::I,J~! . - - - -
have.. /-hrev
/
had
had / hred/
.
.....
- / hred/
--- - . .. . -..,... .
h.~ar / h1;:,/ .
. --..-----~~~~d /~3,:~/ ------
_~e9.!:9..L.!:i.~!1-/.
hid~ / h_a_1d/
. -----~~~ _(h1df. ------------ --- hidden _ l'_~.!_dl1/.... -- - ---- __
h._i_! /.~_rt/__________ _
___!1i!!E~.t . .
------hit / hn/
. - ----- ...... _ --h~ld / h_<:!df. _.. ___
_ he!~__l~eld/ -- --- __ -- -- -
hold /~~Id_{ ____ --
hurt / hJ:tl______ ---- _
hurt / hJ:t/
_ h_L~!!/h3:t/
_____ --keep / ki:p/
--------------- kept / kept/
---- ------- ... kep!.f'~~_l?.t/
know / n;;>u/
---- ------~~~~ /nju:/ .. ---------~~~n /!1.~n /
1,:y / l_t:_i/________
laid / le1d/
la id / lerd/
lead / ti:d/
----leci/i~<l/ ------- l ed / t ~ d / --------

-~

learn ;_1;~~z:~---=----~--

- -~ - ~

-.

106 one hundred and six

----- - -~~~~-~ -

----- - -~

--leamt1ea.tlci~f!~:i0E~~;

-~--- ~-----

-----~J~artii~a.~necf;;:~!!Ji.~<lT::. :==---=:=

BASE FORM (V1)

PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

PAST SIMPLE (V2)

leave / li:v/
left / left/
left / left/
~~~J~Ed/ ____
lent / lent/
le~_!l!~E-~------------
let / Jet/
let / Jet/
let / let/
----------------------------------..--------
!~~-l_~ar/ __
_____ ____J_~!~r/ ____________
lain / lem/
----------lie /lay_~egular verb)
---~~ / lard/_____________
lied / lard/
---------~g_ht / lart/
lit / htl
lit / ht/
------------lose / lu:z/
lost / lost/
lost ~~~ __________________________ _
~~~[merkL_______
made / merdL __________________ ~-~9_~_!'.'. mc;:~?_I.'._____ .__________ ------------mean / mi:n/ .
meant / ment/
meant / ment/
meet / mi:t/
met / met/
met / met/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
p~rf__per/
~lj__Eerd/
pai~erd/ - - - - - ------put / put/
put /put/
put /_Eut(___________________
read / ri:d/
read / red/
read / red/
_r:!_de / rard_l__________rode / r:ud/ ________ ______!~~_sie~_'.~-~?._nl_______________________________
---------------------~~--------------------

~----------n-_.,.._,. ....,.-.y,_w-~- ---~------------~--- ----;.---...----'"'---

---------- --~------'''"'--~~-r

r n.~L~DL----------------------ra n_~ / rre:v.l___________________________________ ___ru~9..1-E.::D/ --------------- -----


rise / rarz/
rose / r"duz/
risen /'nzn/
run / rnn/
ran / rren/
run / rAn/
- ------------------
~1. / ser/ ---------~id / se?_
! ______.
sad / si:9L _________________________ _____
see / si:/
saw / s:J:j
seen / si:n/
-----------sell / se!(.________________
sold / s~ul<:f.1-_______________ _________ so~-!.'.~~~~i.______________________ -----------
send /send/
sent / sent/
sent / sent/
~r"'~- r-~---------~-~---~-Y~--Y~--~-Y---~-~--~---~-----~--- -----------~-- -~-~~-~-------

-~-----------r-------Y~-

---~---- -------- ----~----------~~--- - ~--- ~-~~-----~~ --.-~

---~~---------~-------- ---.-- -~----------~-------- --------~--~-----~-------------~--~~-- --~-----~ --~

~ /~ti

~ / ~ti

~ /~ti

sh~k-~/I~~k"; ---------------------~ho.~k'/)~k/____

shine-;1;:;;;- ---- -------5hoe / fon/

sha ken-T fe1kn/ - -----------------


shone }~~--------------------
-----------------~--~~-~--~~---~------~~---

shoot / fu:t/
Show ; fou/ _______

shot / ot/
shot / ot/
showed /["dud/------------5-h;;;;-7 [;un7 ---------------- --sh u t
/J~t
/--------------------Shu t / fu/
--------- ------------------shut/T~~T--------- ------ -------------- ----------------------- --------------------------~-~----~-~~---- -------

?ng_f sruL_____________s_an2J sreu/


sung ( sAD/
--------sink / s1uk/
sank /sreuk(.
sun~.1-~~Dk/ -------------------sit / s1t/
sat / sret/
_________2~~~L--------------------
~leeE__{sli:p_l__________________slept l slee!l_______________
_ _______~-~P!.f_~~p_!(_______________________ --------smel I / smel/
smelt/smelled
/
smelt/
smeld/
smelt/smelled / smelt/smeld/
....
....
?P~~~.!~~y______________~E>~~~!~,P~::'.~i________________s_e9_~~~_0~_uk"dni___________________
~-ell / sp_el/ _ _ _ _ _
spelt/spel~~~sp_~!/speld/ ____?Eelt/sp~l ed ~p~ltlspel~---------~pe nd / spend'._____
________ s~n t/
-------~E.~.'2!.~-~nt(_____
____________________________ _
~tan~ s~n_<!L_________________?~ood_J stu_~______________________ sto~~.f-~Y::.~/ ----------- -- -------
steal / sti:l/
stole / st"dul/
stolen / 'st;iuln/
....
stick / strk/
stuck / stAk/
stuck / stAk/
~~eep / ~i:p/___________s_wi:E.!! s~~L.
swep!.l~~~p_tL. __________
_ __________________
swim / sw1m/
swam / swrem/
swum /swAm/
take / terk/
took / tuk/
_______E~~-.1-'.!e1kn/_________________..____......-!~-~-~~:.2f.______________
ta ught / o:t/_____________________________!9Y~!2.!.i.!.?:Y.'.'.___~-------------- ------------tea
r
/
te;i/
tore / t:>:/
torn / b:n/
,..,..
. . - ..
tell / te!/
-----~~ / t"duld/
told / t"du!d/
-----------
think / eruk/
thought ;e::i:t/
thought / 9::i:t/
-----------
throw / 9r"du/
threw / 9ru:/
th~ov::i~l!~_"dun(_____________________....._.__
_
understand / Ande'strend/
understood / Ande'stud/
understood
/
Ande'stud/
___
-------~--

-------~~-~~-------~------~---------;;.------

~------~-------~~-~-~~---~----~---- ----~-----~---------

------..------~~--~------~ ------------

--~---~--

----------~~--------------~-------------~-------

---------~-- ----~---~-----

----- ---~~-----------------

--- ----~~~--~-~~

--------~~----~-- .u~.-~--..

~----------------------~------------~----~-----~-- --------

~-~~------------~-~~---------------~- ------ - - -w,___

~~~~~---~--~~-~-~--~ - - -~-~~~~--

one hundred and seven 107

Curso de Acceso a la Universidad: English for Adults Student Book Parts 1 and 2

by Lauren Rose

Burlington Books
P.O. Box 54411
3721 Limassol
Cyprus
Burlington Books is an imprint of Danos Books Ltd.
The publisher gratefully acknowledges the following for providing photographs:
Part 1:
AP: page 13 (Berna!, Banderas); ASAP/Alamy: pages 60 (5), 63 (oven); ASAP/Rex: page 31 (Royal Family); Brand X
Pictures: pages 7 (hamburger), 53 (fish and chips, tea cup), 85 (popcorn); Corbis: pages 57 (sing, watch), 60 (cinema),
77; Digital Vision: page 52 (have tea); Dynamic Graphics Inc.: page 28 (family); Getty Images / PhotoDisc: cover
(teacher), pages 7 (bus, telephone, taxi, passport), 12 (pencil, blackboard, desk, open book), 13 (teacher), 15 (people), 16
(electrician), 19 (open book, desk), 25 (Edward, Emily, Jill, Kate), 35 (cat, dog, hamster, kitten, puppy), 38 (cat, hamster,
kitten, rabbit), 39 (couple), 53 (break:fast), 57 (drive, write), 60 (hospital, library, shop), 65 (meet), 68 (bored), 69 (cricket), 71
(on the phone), 73 (blackboard, desk, dictionary, pen, pencil), 75 (students), 85 (bank, hospital, pub); Image 100: pages 66
(football), 71 (rugby); Image Bank / Getty Images: pages 13 (basketball player, ice skater, J.K. Rowling), 37 (1, 2, 3, 5);
Imagestate: pages 35 (fi sh), 38 (fish), 65 (help), 68 (quiet); Image Source Ltd.: page 65 (play); Ingram Publishing:
pages 9 (pen), 12 (notebook, pen), 16 (pen), 28 (woman), 38 (snake), 53 (man), 73 (notebook); Photos.com / Jupiter
Images: pages 9 (2-woman), 12 (chair), 16 (waiter,jeweller, hairdresser, businessman, policewoman, doctor, receptionist), 19
(chair), 23, 25 (Andrew, Lisa, Mark, Tim), 29 (clown, eyes, hair), 35 (rabbit, snake), 43, 45, 47, 49, 52 (have breakfas t, have
dinner, have lunch), 57 (cook), 60 (pub), 61, 63 (mobile phone), 65 (clean, go out, run, sleep, wait), 68 (fat, happy, interesting,
noisy, sad), 69 (cricket), 71 (man with mobile phone), 73 (chair), 77, 85, (bakery, clothes shop); RubberBall Productions:
cover (two people with glasses), pages 46, 47, 55, 57 (dance); Shutterstock.com: pages 7 (ambulance, hotel), 39 (cats), 55,
60 (bank, cake), 75 (books); Wenn: pages 13 (Pavarotti), 37 (4).
Part 2:
ASAP/Alamy: pages 34 (art gallery), 55 (cooking on TV); ASAP/Rex: page 69; BananaStock Ltd.: page 68 (hate); Brand
X Pictures: pages 9 (lawyer), 11 (book), 54 (chicken, sandwich); Bulldog Skates: page 58; Corbis: pages 17 (guitar), 34
(theatre), 36 (elephant); Corel: pages 15 (Buckingham palace), 17 (swim), 20 (ali except on the right, on the left), 22, 36
(fox), 38 (snake, fox), 60 (river), 68 (begin, end), 74 (swim); Digital Vision: pages 17 (take photos), 34 (park), 78 (park);
Getty Images / PhotoDisc: pages 7, 9 (barman, chef, hairdresser, manager, vet), 11 (barman, coffee, map, vet ), 13 (Big
Ben), 15 (couple), 17 (chat), 21 (play violin), 23 (barman), 25 (worried), 28 (closed, dirty), 34 (beach, park), 36 (bear,
elephant, horse, !ion, monkey, pig, tiger), 38 (cow, elephant, fox, horse, lion, monkey), 41, 44 (aeroplane, boat, bus, lorry,
taxi), 49 (bread, chicken, meat, milk, onion, orange juice, salad, soup), 54 (bread, chicken, meat, milk, sandwich), 58
(basketball, horse-riding, rollerblading, rugby, skng), 60 (beach, desert, waterfall), 62 (cycling, skiing), 78 (camping, go
to the beach, visit the markets), 79 (ali except fox and giraffe), 85 (basketball, boxing, lake, rugby, skiing); Image 100:
pages 17 (football), 58 (basketball), 60 (mountain); Imagestate: page 49 (tomato); Image Source Ltd.: page 17 (exercise);
Ingram Publishing: pages 21 (football), 31 (pub), 34 (market, camping), 36 (fox, snake, zebra), 38 (elephant, monkey,
snake, zebra), 44 (bicycle), 54 (soup, tomato), 79 (fox); Laramie Plains Museum WY: page 29; Nova: pages 44 (train), 49
(fish, fruit), 85 Uungle); Photos.com / Jupiter Images: cover (guy smiling, men talking, women talking), pages 11 (chef,
hairdryer, map), 17 (listen to music, travel, go out), 21 (dance), 23 (woman on the phone), 25 (ali except worried), 28 (boring,
difficult, easy, interesting, new, open), 39 (women), 44, (car, underground), 46, 49 (chicken, fruit, onion, soup, tomato),
52 (laptop), 54 (couple, fish, onion), 55 (couple), 58 (cycling), 62 (women) 63 (women), 65 (casual, coat, dress, elegant,
jacket, shirt, shoes, suit, trousers, ugly), 68 (complain, forget, love, miss, remember), 70, 71 (vest, waistcoat, woman), 74
(chat, listen to music, play football, play the guitar, take photos, travel), 82 (laptop), 86 (coat, dress, jacket, shirt, shoes, suit,
trousers); RubberBall Productions: cover (couple on the beach, friends), page 74 (dance); Shutterstock.com: cover (guy
on the phone), pages: 9 (artist), 13 (guide), 17 (dance), 34 (tour the city, visit the zoo), 37, 44 (motorcycle), 49 (meat), 52 (ali
except laptop and sound system), 58 (rugby), 60 (hill, lake, sea), 61 , 62 (basketball),63 (London Eye), 65 (cheap, hat, pretty,
sweater), 71 (Mackintosh, lights), 78 (museum), 79 (giraffe), 82 (ali except laptop and sound system), 85 (beach, bicycle,
mountain, river); Stockbyte: pages 9 (hairdresser); USFWS: page 38 (tiger); US Govt: page 38 (bear).
Ali rights reserved by the publisher. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or
transmitted in any form or by any means - electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise - without permission in
writing from the publisher.

IH-009-774
Copyright 2012 Burlington Books

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Editorial

IH-009-774

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