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The following calculators are provided to help you determine the size of generator required for

your specific application. Other calculators on this page are for unit conversions and other power

related calculations.

Uints

Power Calculator

Kilo Volt Amperes kVA

Converting kVA to kW

KiloWatts (1000

kW

Converting kW to kVA watts = 1 kW)

Amperes or I

Amperes when kVA is Current)

known

Volts E

kVA Required to run

motors Power Factor PE

Horse Power HP

Volts

Ampere

Require Power Power

Phase

d

s

Factor = kW

I

V

.8

1

1.

3

0

kW = kVA kVA = kW

needed to start a 3 phase

kW = HP electric motor Direct on

Line (DOL) start

Generator

HP of

Motor = kVA

Required

kVA)

e or Require

= Ampere

I

1,2,3 kVA d

Consumption Calculations

DIRECT

TO DETERMINE: SINGLE-PHASE THREE-PHASE

CURRENT

IxE I x E x 1.73

KVA --------

1000 1000

I x E x PF I x E x 1.73 x PF IxE

Kilowatts 1000 1000 1000

I x E x %EFF x PF I x E x 1.732 x %EFF x PF I x E x %EFF

Horsepower

746 746 746

HP x 746 HP x 746 HP x 746

Amperes (when HP is known)

E x %EFF x PF 1.73 x E x %EFF x PF E x %EFF

KW x 1000 KW x 1000 KW x 1000

Amperes (when kW is known)

E x PF 1.73 x E x PF E

KVA x 1000 KVA x 1000

Amperes (when KVA is known)

E 1.73 x E

This web page can be used to calculate the total power (kva) of a single phase or three phase load. Use Table

one for three phase calculations, and use Table two for single phase calculations. The three phase load

calculations assume the load is balanced.

Input line current (amps)

Calculated Total Power (kva)

Compute

Input Three Phase Power (kW)

Input Three Phase Reactive Power (kvar)

Calculated Total Power (kva)

Compute

Input Line Current (amps)

Calculated Total power (kva)

Compute

The relationship between

wattage P

Charge

The nominal impedance Z = 4, 8, and 16 ohms (loudspeakers) is often assumed as resistance R.

Ohm's law equation (formula): V = I × R and the power law equation (formula): P = I × V.

P = power, I or J = Latin: influare, international ampere, or intensity and R = resistance.

V = voltage, electric potential difference or E = electro motive force (EMF = voltage).

Enter any two of the following values and click the calculation button.

The missing values will be calculated. Enter only two values.

The used Browser unfortunately supports no Javascript.

The program is indicated, but the actual function is missing.

Amperage or current I = amperes, amps A

Resistivity or resistance R = ohms Ω

Wattage or power P = watts W

Formula wheel ▼ Important formulas

Electrical engineering laws Electronic engineering laws

V comes from "voltage" and E from "electromotive force". E means also energy,

so V is chosen.

Electrical and mechanical power calculation

Formula 1 − Electrical (electric) power equation: Power P = I × V =

R × I2 = V2 ∕ R

where power P is in watts, voltage V is in volts and current I is in

amperes (DC).

If there is AC, look also at the power factor PF = cos φ and φ = power

factor angle

(phase angle) between voltage and amperage.

Formula 2 − Mechanical (mechanic) power equation: Power P = E ∕ t

=W∕t

where power P is in watts, Energy E is in joules, and time t is in

seconds. 1 W = 1 J/s.

Power = force times displacement divided by time P = F · s / t or:

Power = force times speed (velocity) P = F · v.

Electric (electrical) Energy is E = P × t − measured in watthours, or

also in kWh.

mind your ears!

The eardrums are really only moved by the waves of the sound

pressure. That does not

do neither the intensity, nor the power or the energy. If you are in the

audio recording

business, it is therefore wise not to care much about the energy,

power and intensity.

Very loud sounding speakers should have much power, but look

closer at the very

important efficiency of loudspeakers. This includes the typical

question:

How many decibels (dB) are actually twice or three times as

loud?

There is really no RMS power. The words "RMS power" show not

correct, that there is a

calculation of a power which is the multiplication of a voltage RMS

and an amperage RMS.

RMS watts is meaningless. In fact, we use that term as an extreme

shorthand for power in

watts calculated from measuring the RMS voltage. Please, read here:

Why there is no such thing as 'RMS watts' or 'watts RMS' and

never has been.

Power is the amount of energy that is converted in a unit of time.

Expect to pay more when

demanding higher power.

Tip: The electrical power triangle (power formula)

The magic triangle can be used to calculate all formulas of the "electric power

law". You hide with

a finger the value to be calculated. The other two values show then how to do the

calculation.

Please enter two values, the third value will be calculated.

Voltage V: volts

Amperage I: amps

reset

magic triangle

Vl = line voltage (volts), Vp = phase voltage (volts), Il = line current (amps), Ip = phase current (amps)

Z = impedance (ohms), P = power (watts), φ = power factor angle, VAR = volt-amperes (reactive)

Power (single phase): P = Vp×Ip×cos φ Power (3 phases): P = √3 Vl×Il×cos φ or P = √3 Vp×Ip×cos φ

Power factor PF = cos φ = R/(R2 + X2) , φ = power factor angle. For the purely resistive circuit, PF = 1

1/2

(perfect).

3 Phase Circuit Calculations

Star Connection

Figure 1 Figure 2

Figure 1 shows three loads connected in the star formation to a three phase four wire supply system.

Figure 2 shows the phasor diagram, the red to neutral voltage URN is taken as reference and the phase

sequence is red, yellow, blue so that the other line to neutral voltages or phase voltages lie as shown.

If URN = UYN = UBN and they are equally spaced the system of voltage is balanced.

Let UL be the voltage between any pair of lines (the line voltage) and UP = URN = UYN = UBN (the phase

voltage)

Then UL = 3UP

and IL = IP

where IL is the current in any line and IP is the current in any load or phase. The power per phase is P

= UPIPcosØ and the total power is the sum of the amount of power in each phase

If the currents are equal and the phase angles are the same as in figure 3 the load on the system is

balanced, the current in the neutral is zero and the total power is

P= 3UL IL cosØ

Figure 3

Delta Connections

Figure 4 Figure 5

Figure 4 shows three loads connected in the delta or mesh formation to a three phase supply system.

Figure 5 shows the phasor diagram of the line voltages with the red to yellow voltage taken as

reference.

The voltage applied to any load is the line voltage UL and the line current is the phasor difference

between the currents in the two loads connected to that line. If the load currents are all equal and make

equal phase angles with their respective voltages the system is balanced and

IL = 3IP

The total power under these conditions is

P= 3UL IL cosØ

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