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Module

5: MOSFET Ac1ve
Biasing
Raja Sellappan

MOSFET Current Mirrors


Why Current mirrors?
How to make current mirrors?
Basic, Cascode, Wilson current mirrors

Why current mirror biasing?


Biasing in integrated-circuit design is based on the use of
constant-current sources.
On an IC chip with a number of amplier stages, a constant dc
current (called a reference current) is generated at one
loca1on.
The reference current is then replicated at various other
loca1ons for biasing the various amplier stages through a
process known as current steering.

Basic Current Mirror

Basic Current Mirror

Cascode Current Mirror

Cascode Current Mirror

Wilson Current Mirror


Acts as a nega1ve feedback
Io increases ID1= ID2 will
increase.
But ID2 = Iref is a constant value.
Thus VDS2 should decrease
which decreases VGS3.

Equivalent resistance of a diode


connected MOSFET

Wilson
Current
Mirror