Fluid Mechanics 1 Mark Objective Questions

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Fluid Mechanics 1 Mark Objective Questions

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(a) Correct

(b)Incorrect

Answer: a

Q2. Water is __________ liquid.

(a) a compressible

(b) an incompressible

Answer: b

Q3. The weight per unit volume of a liquid at a standard temperature and

pressure is called

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

specific weight

mass density

specific gravity

none of these

Answer: a

Q4. The volume per unit mass of a liquid is called specific volume.

(a) Yes

(b) No

Answer: a

Q5. The mass of 2.5 m3 of a certain liquid is 2 tonnes. Its mass density

is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

200

400

600

800

kg/m3

kg/m3

kg/m3

kg/m3

Answer: d

Q6. One litre of water occupies a volume of

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

100 cm3

250 cm3

500 cm3

1000 cm3

Answer: d

Q7. The specific weight of water in S.I. units is taken as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

9.81

9.81

9.81

All

kN/m3

x 103 N/m3

x 10-6 N/mm3

of these

Answer: d

Q8. The specific weight of sea water is __________ that of pure water.

(a) same as

(b) less than

(c) more than

Answer: c

Q9. The specific gravity has no units.

(a) Agree

(b) Disagree

Answer: a

Q10. The shear stress-strain graph for a Newtonian fluid is a

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

straight line

parabolic curve

hyperbolic curve

Elliptical

Answer: a

Q11. A fluid having no viscosity is known as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

real fluid

ideal fluid

Newtonian fluid

non-Newtonian fluid

Answer: b

Q12. The shear stress-strain graph for a non-Newtonian fluid is a curve.

(a) Correct

(b) Incorrect

Answer: a

Q13. The unit of dynamic viscosity in S.I. units is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

N-m/s2

N-s/m2

Poise

stoke

Answer: b

Q14. The viscosity of a liquid is due to cohesion of its particles.

(a) Correct

(b) Incorrect

Answer: a

Q15. According to Newton's law of viscosity, the shear stress on a layer

of a fluid is __________ to the rate of shear strain.

(a) equal to

(b) directly proportional

(c) inversely proportional

Answer: b

Q16. Viscous force is the __________ of shear stress due to viscosity

and cross-sectionar area of flow.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Sum

Different

Product

Ratio

Answer: c

Q17. The kinematic viscosity is the

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

ratio of density of the liquid to the absolute viscosity

product of absolute viscosity and density of the liquid

product of absolute viscosity and mass of the liquid

Answer: a

Q18. Stoke is the unit of

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

kinematic viscosity in M. K. S. units

dynamic viscosity in M. K. S. units

dynamic viscosity in S. I. units

Answer: a

Q19. One poise is equal to

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

0.1 N-s/m2

1 N-s/m2

10 N-s/m2

100 N-s/m2

Answer: a

Q20. The unit of kinematic viscosity in S. I. units is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

N-m/s

N-s/m2

m2/s

N-m

Answer: c

Q21. The viscosity of water at 20C is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

one

one

one

one

stoke

centi-stroke

poise

centi-poise

Answer: d

Q22. The dynamic viscosity of the liquid __________ with rise in

temperature.

(a) remain unaffected

(b) Increases

(c) Decreases

Answer: c

Q23. The dynamic viscosity of gases __________ with rise in temperature.

(a) remain unaffected

(b) increases

(c) decreases

Answer: b

Q24. The kinematic viscosity of an oil (in stokes) whose specific gravity

is 0.95 and viscosity0.011 poise, is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

0.0116 stoke

0.116 stoke

0.0611 stoke

0.611 stoke

Answer: a

Q25. A fluid whose viscosity does not change with the rate of deformation

or shear strain is known as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

real fluid

ideal fluid

Newtonian fluid

non-Newtonian fluid

Answer: c

Q26. The coefficient of viscosity may be determined by

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

orifice type viscometer

rotating cylinder method

all of these

Answer: d

(a) Higher

(b) Lower

Answer: a

Q28. The variation in the volume of a liquid with the variation of

pressure is called its

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

surface tension

compressibility

capillarity

Viscosity

Answer: b

Q29. Bulk modulus of a fluid __________ as the pressure increases.

(a) remains same

(b) decreases

(c) increases

Answer: b

Q30. The value of bulk modulus of a fluid is required to determine

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Reynold's number

Froude's number

Mach number

Euler's number

Answer: c

Q31. The force per unit length is the unit of

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

surface tension

compressibility

capillarity

viscosity

Answer: a

Q32. When a tube of smaller diameter is dipped in water, the water rises

in the tube due to viscosity of water.

(a) True

(b) False

Answer: a

Q33. The surface tension of mercury at normal temperature is __________

that of water.

(a) same as

(c) higher than

Answer: c

Q34. The property of a liquid which enables it to resist tensile stress

is called its surface tension.

(a) Agree

(b) Disagree

Answer: a

Q35. Falling drops of water become spheres due to the property of

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

compressibility of water

capillarity of water

viscosity of water

Answer: a

Q36. The mercury does not wet the glass. This is due to the property of

the liquid known as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Cohesion

Adhesion

Viscosity

surface tension

Answer: d

Q37. With an increase in size of tube, the rise or depression of liquid

in the tube due to tension will

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Decrease

Increase

remain unchanged

depend upon the characteristics of liquid

Answer: a

Q38. A glass tube of smaller diameter is used while performing an

experiment for the capillary rise of water because

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

glass tube is cheaper than a metallic tube

it is not possible to conduct this experiment with any other tube

all of the above

Answer: a

Q39. An incompressible fluid (kinematic viscosity= 7.4x10-7 m2/s,

specific gravity=0.88) is held between two parallel plates. If the top

plate is moved with a velocity of 0.5 m/s while the bottom one is held

stationary, the fluid attains a linear velocity profile in the gap of

0.5 mm between these plates; the shear stress in Pascals on the surfaces

of top plate is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

0.651 x 10-3

0.651

6.51

0.651 x 103

Answer: b

Q40. The intensity of pressure on an immersed surface __________ with

the increase in depth.

(a) does not change

(b) Increases

(c) Decreases

Answer: b

Q41. According to Pascal's law, the intensity of pressure at any point

in a fluid at rest is the same in all directions.

(a) Agree

(b) Disagree

Answer: a

Q42. The intensity of pressure at any point, in a liquid, is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

directly proportional to the depth of liquid from the surface

directly proportional to the length of the vessel containing liquid

inversely proportional to the depth of liquid from the surface

Answer: b

Q43. A vertical wall is subjected to a pressure due to one kind of liquid,

on one of its sides. The total pressure on the wall per unit length is

(where w = Specific weight of liquid, and H = Height of liquid)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

wH

wH/2

wH2/2

wH2/3

Answer: c

Q44. The total pressure on an immersed surface inclined at an angle

with the liquid surface is

(a) wA

(b) wx

(c)

(d)

Answer: c

Q45. When a plate is immersed in a liquid parallel to the flow, it will

be subjected to a pressure__________ that if the same plate is immersed

perpendicular to the flow.

(a) less than

(b) more than

Answer: a

Q46. The centre of gravity of the volume of the liquid displaced is called

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

Metacentre

none of these

Answer: b

Q47. The point at which the resultant pressure on an immersed surface

acts, is known as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

centre

centre

centre

centre

of

of

of

of

gravity

depth

pressure

immersed surface

Answer: c

Q48. A vertical wall is subjected to a pressure due to one kind of liquid,

on one of its sides. Which of the following statement is correct?

(a) The pressure on the wall at the liquid level is minimum.

(b) The pressure on the bottom of the wall is maximum.

(c) The pressure on the wall at the liquid level is zero, and on the bottom

of the wall is maximum

(d) The pressure on the bottom of the wall is zero.

Answer: c

Q49. The pressure intensity in kN/m2 (or kPa) at any point in a liquid

is (where w = Specific weight of liquid, and h = Depth of liquid from

the surface)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

W

Wh

w/h

h/w

Answer: b

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

gravitational force is less than the upthrust of the liquid

gravitational force is more than the upthrust of the liquid

none of the above

Answer: c

Q51. The centre of buoyancy is the centre of area of the immersed body.

(a) Correct

(b) Incorrect

Answer: a

Q52. The total pressure on a horizontally immersed surface is (where w

= Specific weight of the liquid, A = Area of the immersed surface, and

x = Depth of the centre of gravity of the immersed surface from the liquid

surface)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

w.A

wx

wAx

wA/x

Answer: c

Q53. The tendency of a liquid to uplift a submerged body, because of the

upward thrust of the liquid, is known as buoyancy.

(a) Agree

(b) Disagree

Answer: a

Q54. The buoyancy depends upon the

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

pressure with which the liquid is displaced

viscosity of the liquid

compressibility of the liquid

Answer: a

Q55. The line of action of the force of buoyancy acts through the centre

of gravity of the volume of the liquid displaced.

(a) True

(b) False

Answer: a

Q56. When a body is placed over a liquid, it will sink down if

(a) gravitational force is equal to the upthrust of the liquid

(c) gravitational force is more than the upthrust of the liquid

(d) none of the above

Answer: c

Q57. A water tank contains 1.3 m deep water. The pressure exerted by the

water per metre length of the tank is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2.89

8.29

9.28

28.9

kN

kN

kN

kN

Answer: b

Q58. The body will sink down if the force of buoyancy is __________ the

weight of the liquid displaced.

(a) equal to

(b) less than

(c) more than

Answer: b

Q59. A uniform body 3 m long, 2 m wide and 1 m deep floats in water. If

the depth of immersion is 0.6 m, then the weight of the body is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

3.53

33.3

35.3

none

kN

kN

kN

of these

Answer: c

Q60. The metacentric height is the distance between the

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

centre of gravity of the floating body and the metacentre

metacentre and centre of buoyancy

original centre of buoyancy and new centre of buoyancy

Answer: b

Q61. When a body, floating in a liquid, is given a small angular

displacement, it starts oscillating about a point known as

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

centre of pressure

centre of gravity

centre of buoyancy

metacentre

Answer:

Q62. If a body floating in a liquid returns back to its original position,

when given a small angular displacement, the body is said to be in

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

neutral equilibrium

stable equilibrium

unstable equilibrium

none of these

Answer: d

Q63. A submerged body is said to be in a stable equilibrium, if its centre

of gravity __________ the centre of buoyancy.

(a) coincides with

(b) lies below

(c) lies above

Answer: b

Q64. A body floating in a liquid is said to be in a stable equilibrium,

if its metacentre coincides with its centre of gravity.

(a) True

(b) False

Answer: b

Q65. If a body floating in a liquid occupies a new position and remains

at rest in this new position, when given a small angular displacement,

the body is said to be in __________ equilibrium.

(a) Neutral

(b) Stable

(c) unstable

Answer: a

Q66. If a body floating in a liquid does not return back to its original

position, and heels farther away when given a small angular displacement,

the body is said to be in neutral equilibrium.

(a) Yes

(b) No

Answer: b

Q67. The discharge through a channel of trapezoidal section is maximum

when

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

depth of channel is equal

the sloping side is equal

the sloping side is equal

is

to

to

to

the width at the bottom

half the width at the top

the width at the bottom

Answer: c

Q68. The metacentric heights of two floating bodies A and B are 1 m and

1.5 m respectively. Select the correct statement.

(b) The body A is more stable than body B

(c) The body B is more stable than body A

Answer: c

Q69. A fluid is defined as a substance which

a)

b)

c)

d)

takes the shape & volume of the container into which it is poured

has practically negligible viscosity

is highly compressible

deforms continuously under the action of a shear stress

Answer:

Q70. An ideal fluid is one which

a)

b)

c)

d)

is compressible

has negligible surface tension

is incompressible

is non-viscous & incompressible

Answer:

Q71. Fluid continum is a concept in which

a)

b)

c)

d)

fluid

fluid

fluid

fluid

is non- homogeneous

density

particles are very closed spaced

particles are widely scattered in space

Answer: c

Q72. Viscous deformation in fluid flow are

a)

b)

c)

d)

inversely proportional to the dynamic viscosity

directly proportional to the dynamic viscosity

independent of shear stress & kinematic viscosity

Answer: a & b

Q73. The Newton's law of viscosity is a relationship between

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity & temperature of fluid

shear stress & velosity gradient

pressure & viscosity

Answer: c

Q74. A Newtonian fluid is one which

a) has a pressure of 1 newton/m

b) has a specific weight of newton/m

c) has a linear relationship between the shear stress & the resulting

rate of deformation

d) is non-viscous & incompressible

Answer: c

Q75. Viscosity of liquids

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases with increase in fluid temperature

does not change with fluid temperature

is dependent on pressure

Answer: b

Q76. Viscosity of gases

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases with increase in fluid temperature

does not change with fluid temperature

is dependent on pressure

Answer: a

Q77. In case of solid mechanics, the law similar to Newton's law of

viscosity is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Hooke's law

Newton's second law of motion

Archemede's principle

Newton's first law

Answer: a

Q78. MKS unit of 1 kg force is equal to how many newton

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.981

98.1

9.81

981

Answer: a

Q79. To convert the MKS unit of

equivelent (N s/m) multiply by

a)

b)

c)

d)

98.1

981

9.81

0.981

Answer: c

Q80. To convert the MKS unit of

the multiplying factor is

a)

b)

c)

d)

89.1

981

98.1

9.81

Answer: c

Q81. One poise is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

1 dyne s/cm

98.1 dyne s/cm

1 dyne s/m

1 kg s/m

Answer: a

Q82. One stroke is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

1 cm/s

1m/s

1 ft/s

1 mm/s

Answer: a

Q83. The FPS unit of kinematic viscosity, ft/s, is equal to how many

strokes

a)

b)

c)

d)

93

930

9.30

9300

Answer: a

Q84. Surface tension is a phenomenon due to

a)

b)

c)

d)

cohesion only

viscous force

adhesion between liquid & solid molecules

difference in magnitude between the forces due to adhesion & cohesion

Answer: d

Q85. Weight of liquid that rises in a capillary tube is supported by

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

atmospheric pressure

vertical component of force due to surface tension

curvature of the miniscus

Answer: c

Q86. The capillary depression in mercury is on account of

a) adhesion being greater than cohesion

c) cohesion being greater than the adhesion

d) vapour pressure being small

Answer: c

Q87. The capillary rise or depression in a small diameter tube is

a)

b)

c)

d)

inversely proportional to the surface tension

directly proportional to the surface tension

inversely proportional to the diameter

Answer: c & d

Q88. The pressure within a soap bubble is

a)

b)

c)

d)

greater than the external pressure

less than the external pressure

equal to the vapour pressure

Answer: b

Q89. An incompressible flow is one in which

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

density does not change with pressure

fluid is non-viscous

fluid compressibility is non- zero

Answer: b

Q90. A measure of the effect of compressibility in fluid flow is the

magnitude of a diamensionless parameter known asa)

b)

c)

d)

Reynolds number

mach number

weber number

Froude number

Answer: b

Q91. A perfect gas is the onea)

b)

c)

d)

which

which

which

which

obeys the equations of state

follows the Newton's law of gravity

exists in isothermal flows only.

Answer: b

Q92. Mercury is used in barometers on account of

a) its high density

b) negligible capillarity effect

d) its low compressibility

Answer: a & c

Q93. Spherical shape of droplets of mercury is due to

a)

b)

c)

d)

high density

high surface tension

high adhesion

low vapour pressure

Answer: b

Q94. Vapour pressure of a liquid is due do

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

pressure of flow

molecules of liquid which hang over the free-surface

pressure of air above the free surface

existence of free surface

Answer: b

Q95. The unit of dynamic viscosity of a fluid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

m/s

N.s/m

Pa.s/m

kg.s/m

Answer: b

Q96. The problems of fluid statics are influenced by the following

forces:

a)

b)

c)

d)

gravity

gravity

viscous

gravity

&viscous forces

& pressure forces

& surface tension forces

& surface tension forces

Answer: b

Q97. The preesure gradient in the horizontal direction in a static fluid

is represented by,Here z- direction is vertically upwards, & x is a along

horizontal.

a)

b)

c)

d)

Answer: c

Q98. Indicate the variation of hydrostatic pressure with depth below the

free surface :

a)

b)

c)

d)

there is no change with the depth

it increases with the increase in depth

after a certain depth there is no change in the pressure.

Answer: c

Q99. The hydrostatic law of pressure variation is expressed by :

a)

b)

c)

d)

Answer: b & c

Q100. Just as the Newton's law of gravitation is said to have been

inspired by the fall of an apple from a tree,the principle of floation

& buoyancy was similarly discoverex by (pick up the name from the

following )---- as a result of his absent-minded entry into a bath-tub

full water.

a)

b)

c)

d)

Galileo

archimedes

Newton

pascal

Answer: b

Q101. The buoyant force on a completely submerged body

a)

b)

c)

d)

decreases with increase in depth of submersion

remains constant with increase in depth of submersion

increases with decrease in depth of submersion

Answer: c

Q102. Absolute pressure in a flow-system :

a)

b)

c)

d)

is a vacuum pressure

may be above,below or equal to the atmospheric pressure

is also called negative pressure

Answer: c

Q103. Vacuum or negative pressure at a flow -section is

a) a pressure measured always below the local atmospheric pressure

b) A pressure measured by a Bourdon gauge

c) A pressure indicated by a vacuum gauge

d) always the pressure indicated by a differential manometer

Answer: a & c

Q104. Local atmospheric pressure is measured by :

a)

b)

c)

d)

a

A

A

A

mercury barometer

Bourdon gauge

vacuum gauge

manometer

Answer: a

Q105. Absolute pressure is measured by :

a)

b)

c)

d)

a Bourdon gauge

An Aneroid barometer

a differential manometer

a hook gauge

Answer: b

Q106. Gauge pressure in flow systems are measured by :

a)

b)

c)

d)

manometers

An Aneroid barometer

vacuum gauge

Bourdon gauge

Answer: d

Q107. standard atmospheric pressure in terms on water column is :

a)

b)

c)

d)

9.81 m

10.33 m

8.75 m

12.35 m

Answer: b

Q108. The point at which the resultant pressure on an immersed surface

acts, is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre

centre

centre

centre

of

of

of

of

gravity

depth

pressure

immersed surface

Answer: c

Q109. The point through, which the resultant hydrostatic force acts is

called :

a)

b)

c)

d)

metacentre

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

centre of gravity

Answer: b

Q110. location of centre of pressure is such that it is almost always

:

a)

b)

c)

d)

above the centroid of the plane surface

at the centre of buoyancy

below the metacentre

Answer: a

Q111. The centre of pressure of a liquid on a plane surface immersed

vertically in a static body of liquid ,always lies below the centroid

of the surface area,because

a)

b)

c)

d)

there is no shear stress in liqiuds at rest

the liquid pressure is constant over depth

the liquid pressure increases linearly with depth

Answer: d

Q112. Mercury

a)

b)

c)

d)

large pressure only

all pressure except the smaller ones

very low pressures

Answer: c

a) due to gravity & acts downwards

b) due to volume of liquid displaced by the body & acts vertically upwards

c) equal to the submerged weight of the body & acts vertically downwards

d) which acts horizontally on the vertically downwards

Answer: b

Q114. A floating body displaces a volume of liquid eual to :

a)

b)

c)

d)

its own weight

its submerged weight

none of the above

Answer: b

Q115. Centre of buoyancy is :

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

point through which the buoyant force acts

point through which the resultant hydrostatic force acts

centre of gravity of the liquid displaced by the body

Answer: b & d

Q116. The criterion for stability of a floating body depenes on :

a) the relative position of centre of buoyancy & the cdntre of gravity

b) The relative position of the metacentre & the centre of buoyancy

c) the relative position of the metacentre & the centre of gravity

d) none of the above

Answer: c

Q117. The metacentric height of a floating body depends :

a)

b)

c)

d)

on the volume of liquid displaced by the body.

second moment of water line area

on the distance between the metacentre & the centre of gravity.

Answer: a & b

Q118. One of the following statements is true with regards to bodids that

float or are submerged in liquids :

a) For a body wholly submerged in a liquid the stability is ensured if

the centre of buoyancy is below the centre of gravity of the body.

of buoyancy is below the centre of gravity of the body.

c) For a body floating in a liquid the stability is ensured if the

metacentre is above both centre of buoyancy & gravity.

d) For a body floating in a liquid the stability is ensured if the centre

of buoyancy is below the centre of gravity & the metacentre is above both

the centres of gravity & buoyancy .

Answer: d

Q119. A floating body will remain in stable equilibrium so long as :

b) the metacentre M lids above the centre of gravity G

c) the metacentreM & the centre of gravity remains at the same position.

d) none of the above

Answer: b

Q120. Merchant ships especially liners, are edsigned to kave a relatively

small metacentric hdight which lies within the range:

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.1-0.3 m

0.3-0.6 m

0.6-09m

0.9-1.2m

Answer: b

Q121. In case of warskips,sea-kindlines is sacrified so that they have

a larger reserve of stability,The metacentric height,therefore falls

within the range:

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.2-0.6m

0.1-0.3m

0.6-2.0m

2.0-3.0 m

Answer: c

Q122. Fluid masses subjected to uniform acceleration are analysed using

:

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

Newton's second law of motion

Bernoulli's equation

momentum equation

Answer: b

Q123. An oil tanker is partially filled & is then moved in translation

at uniform acceleration .The free-surface of oil then :

a)

b)

c)

d)

remains horizontal

is inclined to horizontal with smaller depth at the rear end.

is inclined such that a larger depth occurs at the rear end.

none of the above

Answer: c

Q124. The centre of gravity of the volume of the liquid displaced is

called

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

metacentre

none of these

Answer: b

Q125. The buoyancy depends upon the

a)

b)

c)

d)

weight of the liquid displaced

viscosity of the liquid

compressibility of the liquid

Answer: b

Q126. A circular plate 1 m in diameter is submerged vertically in water

such that its upper edge is 8 m below the free surface of water.The total

hydrostatic pressure force on one side of the plate is :

a)

b)

c)

d)

6.7 kN

65.4kN

45.0kN

77.0kN

Answer: b

Q127. Very slow motion of viscous fluid is known as the 'creep flow "

the fundamental equations of motion for which are greatly simplified on

account of :

a) the internal force being very large

b) the viscous force being of negligible magnitude

c) the intertialo force being extremely small as compared to the viscous

force

d) the equations no longer remaining non-linear

Answer: d

Q128. In comparison to the kinematic viscosity the kinematic mskes a much

greater contribution to the total shear stress in a turbulent flow.The

kinematic eddy vicosity is :

a) a direct measure of transporting capacity of the mixing process

b) directly proportional

d) the ratio of eddy viscosity to mass density.

Answer: d

Q129. A fluid is a substance that :

a)

b)

c)

d)

cannot be subjected to shear forces

cannot remain at rest under the action of any shear force

obey's the Newton's law of viscosity

Answer: c

Q130. When subjected to shear forces,a fluid

a) deforms continuously only for large shear forces

b) deforms continuously only for large shear stresses

c) deforms continuously no matter how small the shear stress may be

d) undergoes static deformation

Answer: c

Q131. An ideal fluid

a)

b)

c)

d)

has no viscosity

statisfies the relation pv=RT

obey's the Newton's law of viscosity

is both incompressible & non-viscous

Answer: d

Q132. A fluid which obeys the relation = (du/dy) is called the

a)

b)

c)

d)

real fluid

perfect fluid

Newtonian fluid

pseudo plastic

Answer: c

Q133. The general relation between shear stress t & velocity graident

du/dy for a fluid can be written as

a)

b)

c)

d)

for

for

for

for

ideal fluids : A = B = 0

Newtonian fluids : n = 1 & B = 0

dilatant fluids : n < 1 & B = 0

ideal plastic or Bingham fluid ; n = 1 & B = 0

Answer: c

Q134. If the relationship between the shear stress t & the rate of shear

strain du / dy is given by t =K (du/dy )n the fluid with the exponent

n <1 is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

Bingham fluid

dilatant fluid

pseudoplastic fluid

Newtonian plastic

Answer: c

Q135. If shear stress t & shear rate du/ dy relationship of a material

is plotted with t on the y -axis & du/dy on the x-axis the behaviour of

an ideal fluid is exhibited by

a)

b)

c)

d)

the positive x-axis

the positive y-axis

a curved line passing through the orgin

Answer: b

Q136. These fluids exhibit a certain shear stress at zero shear strain

rate followed by a straight line relationship between shear stress &

shear strain rate

a)

b)

c)

d)

Newtonian fluids

Ideal plastic

pseudoplastic fluid

Dilatant fluids

Answer: b

Q137. Paper pulb can be regrded as

a)

b)

c)

d)

Newtonian fluids

dilatant fluid

pseudoplastic fluid

Bingham plastic

Answer: c

Q138. Typical example of a non -Newtonian fluid of pseudoplastic variety

is

a)

b)

c)

d)

air

blood

water

printing ink

Answer: b

Q139. Choose the correct statement about the viscosity of a liquid

a)

b)

c)

d)

remains practically constant with temperature rise or fall

decreases with increase in temperature

fairly large as compared to viscosity for gases.

Answer: c

Q140. Newton's law of viscosity relates

a)

b)

c)

d)

pressure,velocity & viscosity of a gas

shear stress & rate of angular defromation in a fluid

yield stress,viscosity & rate of angular defromation

Answer: c

Q141. The coefficient of viscosity is a property of

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

fluid

boundary condition

body over which flow occurs

flow velocity

Answer: a

Q142. The dimensions of a dynamic viscosity are

a)

b)

c)

d)

MLT

ML-T-2

ML-1 T-1

ML-1 T-1

Answer: c

Q143. Poise is the unit of :

a)

b)

c)

d)

density

velocity gradient

kinematic viscosity

dynamic viscosity

Answer: d

Q144. correct units for kinematic viscosity are :

a)

b)

c)

d)

m/s

Ns/m

m/kg s

kg/m s

Answer: a

Q145. The viscosity of water with respect to air is about :

a) 50

b) 55

c) 60

d) 65 times

Answer: b

Q146. Viscosity expressed in Ns/m is converted into poise unit of

viscosity by multiplying with

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.981

9.81

98.1

981

Answer: c

Q147. SI unit of

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity is

equal to poise

9.8 times of poise

10 times of poise

98.1 times of poise

Answer: c

Q148. The multiplying factor for converting one stoke into m /s is

a)

b)

c)

d)

10

104

10-2

10-4

Answer: d

Q149. At a certain point in oil, the shear stress is 0.022 kgf/m & the

velocity gradient 0.22 per second.The dynamic viscosity of castor oil

in poises in numerically equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.1 g

1 g

10 g

100 g

Answer: b

Q150. For a liquid having specific gravity 0.93 & dynamic viscosity 0.012

poise, the kinematic viscosity in contistokes will be about

a)

b)

c)

d)

1.26

0.126

12.6

0.0126

Answer: c

Q151. The density of a fluid is sensitive to changes & pressure.The fluid

will be known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

Newtonian fluids

perfect fluid

real fluid

compressible fluid

Answer: d

Q152. Choose the correct statement in the context of bulk modulus &

coefficient of compressibility

a)

of

b)

c)

compressibility

most of the liqiuds have a low value of bulk modulus

the bulk modulus is not infuenced by changes in pressure & temperature

coefficient of compressibility

Answer: d

Q153. Measure of the effect of compressibility in fluid flow is the

magnitude of a dimensionless parameter known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

Mach number

Newton's number

Weber number

Euler number

Answer: a

Q154. The bulk modulus of water with respect to air is about

a)

b)

c)

d)

500

1000

10,000

20,000 times

Answer: d

Q155. Select the correct statement :

a)

b)

c)

d)

for an adiabatic process, the bulk modulus equals the pressure

the bulk modulus is independent of both pressure & temperature

the bulk modulus of a liquid is less than that of a solid

Answer: a

Q156. All liquid surfaces tend to stretch.This phenomenon is called

a) cohension

b) adhesion

c) surface tension

d) cavitation

Answer: c

Q157. Surface tension is a phenomenon due to

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscous froces

cohesion between liquid molecules

adhesion between liquid & solid molecules

adhesion & cohesion both

Answer: b

Q158. Falling drops of water become spherical due to

a)

b)

c)

d)

adhesion

cohesion

viscosity

surface tension

Answer: d

Q159. Soap helps in cleaning clothes because

a)

b)

c)

d)

dirt is absorbed

there occurs a change in the chemical constituents of soap

surface tension of the solution is decreased

solution becomes more viscous

Answer: c

Q160. Oil spreads on the surface of water because

a)

b)

c)

d)

oil

oil

oil

oil

is immiscible with water

has less surface tension than water

has low vapour pressure

Answer: c

Q161. Which of the following statements is wrong in the context of surface

tnesion?

a) surface tension represents the tendency of a liquid surface to

contract to form minimum surface energy

b) it acts in the plane of the interface normal to any line in the surface

c) has maximum value at the critical temperature of a liquid

d) the addition of organic solutes like soap or detergent considerably

reduces the surface tension of water

Answer: c

Q162. Which of the following phenomenon is not attribute to the fluid

charateristic property of surface tension ?

a)

b)

c)

d)

spherical shape of a droplet of liquid

formation of bubbles & discontinuity in flow systems

dust particles collecting on water surface

Answer: c

Q163. Capillary action is due to

a)

b)

c)

d)

cohesion of liquid particles

cohesion & adhesion

surface tension

Answer: c

Q164. The weight of liquid that rises in a tube due to capillary action

is supported by the

a)

b)

c)

d)

atmospheric pressure

vertical component of surface tension

adhesion between liquid & soild surface

Answer: c

Q165. Capillary rise & depression

a) depend solely upon the surface tension of the liquid

b) are influenced by viscosity of the liquid

c) depend upon the pressure difference between the liquid & the

environmental

d) depend upon surface tension of the liquid as well as the material of

the tube

Answer: a

Q166. The height of liquid in a capillary tube

a) increases with

b) increases with

the liquid

c) decreases with

d) is independent

an increases with an increase in specific weight of

an increase in surface tension

of the orientation of tube

Answer: a

Q167. Water rises to a height of 15 mm in a capillary tube of 10 mm

radius.The corresponding rise in a capillary of 5 mm radius would be

a)

b)

c)

d)

3.87 mm

7.5 mm

15 mm

30 mm

Answer: d

Q168. To avoid a correction for the effect of capillary in manometers,the

minimum diameter of tube should be

a)

b)

c)

d)

2.5 mm

6 mm

10 mm

15 mm

Answer: b

Q169. The rise of oil in the wick of an oil lamp may be attributed to

a)

b)

c)

d)

adhesion between the oil & the wick material

capillary action

pressure difference between the liquid & environment

Answer: c

Q170. Ball pen works on the principle of

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity

surface tension

gravitational force

Boyle's law

Answer: b

Q171. At a liquid air solid interface the contact angle ? measured in

the liquid is less than 90.this indicates that the liquid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

ideal

wetting

not-wetting

does not form a stable bubble

Answer: b

Q172. The pressure inside a soap bubble of 50mm diameter is 25 N/m above

the outside atmospheric pressure.The surface tension in soap film would

be

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.156 N/m

0.312 N/m

0.624N/m

0.078 N/m

Answer: a

Q173. When two gas bubbles of radii r & 2r are in equilibrium with the

surrounding liquid the pressure inside the large bubbles is

a) half the pressure inside the smaller bubble

c) twice the pressure inside the smaller bubble

d) four times the pressure inside the smaller bubble.

Answer: a

Q174. The vapour pressure is the characteristic fluid property involved

in the phenomenon of

a)

b)

c)

d)

cavitation

spherical shape of rain water drops

certain insects can walk on water surface

Answer: b

Q175. In the phenomenon of cavitation the characcteristic fluid property

involved is

a)

b)

c)

d)

surface tension

viscosity

vapour pressure

bulk modulus of elasticity

Answer: c

Q176. Identify the wrong statement :

a) viscosity of a gas increase with temperature

b) surface tension of a liquid decreases with temperature

c) liquid rises in a capillary tube when angle of contact is acute

d) meiscus of liquid in a capillary tube is convex in shape when the

adhesive force between the liquid & gas is greater than the cohesive force

between the liquid molecule

Answer: d

Q177. All of the following statements are correct,except

a) there is one-to-one correspondence between Hook's law of elasticity

& Newton's law of viscosity

b) for an ideal fluid =0 ,?= constant 7 k= 8

c) in a capillary tube,the meniscus of water is concave upwards while

the meniscus of mercury is convex upwards.

d) for a perfect gas,k=p for an isothermal compression process & k= ?p

for an isentropic process.

Answer: a

Q178. Which of the following is a wrong statements :

a) the clouds float in air due to viscosity of air

b) the presence of grease reduces the surface tension of water.

c) when a number of capillary tubes of the same bore but of different

materials are dipped in the same liquid the rise of liquid in all the

d) when a number of small mercury drops combine to form a single drop,

there occurs a decrease in the temperature of the drop

Answer: d

Q179. The pressure intensity at a point in a fluid is the same in all

directions,only when

a)

b)

c)

d)

the fluid is frictionless & incompressible

the fluid has zero viscosity & is at rest

there is no motion of one fluid layer relative to an adjacent layer

Answer: c

Q180. One atmospheric pressure equals

a)

b)

c)

d)

1.0132kgf/cm

760 mm of mercury

1.0135 N/m

any of the above

Answer: d

Q181. One torr pressure is equivalent to

a)

b)

c)

d)

1 mm of mercury

1 atmosphere

1 pascal

10 m of water

Answer: a

Q182. The differential equation for pressure variation in a static fluid

may be written as (write y measured vertically downwards)

a)

b)

c)

d)

dp= w dy

dp=p dy

dp/dy = constant

dp= y dp

Answer: a

Q183. The pressure at the bottom of water lake is 1.5 times that at half

the depth.If the water barometer reads 10 m,the depth of lake is

a)

b)

c)

d)

10

15

20

25

m

m

m

m

Answer: c

Q184. The height of water column corresponding to a pressure equivalent

of 75 cm of mercury column is

a)

b)

c)

d)

1000

1020

1040

1060

Answer: b

Q185. An open tank contains 60 cm of water covered with 30 cm of oil of

specific gravity 0.8.The pressure intensity at the bottom of tank is

a)

b)

c)

d)

240 kgf/m

360 kgf/m

600 kgf/m

840 kgf/m

Answer: d

Q186. Mark the correct statement :

a) local atmospheric pressure depends only upon the height of locality

above mean sea level

b) local atmospheric pressure is always below the standard atmospheric

pressure

c) standard atmospheric pressure is the mean local atmospheric pressure

at sea level

d) a barometer reads the difference between local & standard atmospheric

pressure

Answer: a

Q187. For a submerged plane in a liquid the resultant hydrostatic force

F on one side of a plane is related to area A ,centroidal depth yc depth

of centre of pressure yp & the depth of bottom edge yb as

a)

b)

c)

d)

F =w A yc

F =w A yp

F= w A yb

F=w A(yc +yp)

Answer: a

Q188. A square plate 3m 3m is just held submerged below water in a

vertical position.The total pressure on one face is approximately

a)

b)

c)

d)

33 kN

65 kN

132 kN

265 kN

Answer: c

Q189. Centre of pressure of a plane submerged surface :

a) is a point on the submerged area at which the resultant hydrostatic

b) should always coincide with the centre of submerged area

c) should be at the centre of gravity of the plane surface

d) is always below the centroid of area

Answer: d

Q190. An open tank contains 1 m deep water with 50 cm depth of oil of

specific gravity 0.8 above it. The intensity of pressure at the bottom

of tank will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

4 kN/m2

10 kN/m2

12 kN/m2

14 kN/m2

Answer: d

Q191. The position of center of pressure

a)

b)

c)

d)

always above the centroid of the area

always below the centroid of the area

none of the above

Answer: c

Q192. If a vessel containing liquid moves downward with a constant

acceleration equal to 'g' then

a) the pressure throughout the liquid mass is atmospheric

b) there will be vacuum in the liquid

c) the pressure in the liquid mass is greater than hydrostatic pressure

d) none of the above

Answer: a

Q193. When a liquid rotates at a constant angular velocity about a

vertical axis as a rigid body, the pressure intensity varies

a)

b)

c)

d)

as the square of the radial distance

inversely as the square of the radial distance

inversely as the radial distance

Answer: b

Q194. An open cubical tank of 2 m side is filled with water. If the tank

is rotated with an acceleration such that half of the water spills out,

then the acceleration is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

g/3

g/2

2g/3

g

Answer: d

Q195. A right circular cylinder open at the top is filled with liquid

and rotated about its vertical axis at such a speed that half the liquid

spills out, then the pressure intensity at the center of bottom is

a)

b)

c)

d)

zero

one-fourth its value when cylinder was full

one-half its value when cylinder was full

cannot be predicted from the given data

Answer: a

Q196. A closed tank containing water is moving in a horizontal direction

along a straight line at a constant speed. The tank also contains a steel

ball and a bubble of air. If the tank is decelerated horizontally, then

i)

the ball will move to the front

ii)

the bubble will move to the front

iii) the ball will move to the rear

iv) the bubble will move to the rear

Find out which of the above statements are correct ?

a)

b)

c)

d)

(i)and(iv)

(ii) and (iii)

(iii) and (iv)

Answer: b

Q197. For a sphere of radius 15 cm moving with a uniform velocity of 2

m/sec through a liquid of specific gravity 0.9 and dynamic viscosity 0.8

poise, the Reynolds number will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

300

337.5

600

675

Answer: d

Q198. The velocity distribution for laminar flow through a circular tube

a)

b)

c)

d)

varies linearly from zero at walls to maximum at centre

varies parabolically with maximum at the centre

none of the above

Answer: c

Q199. A fluid of kinematic viscosity 0.4 cm2/sec flows through a 8 cm

diameter pipe. The maximum velocity for laminar flow will be

a) less than 1 m/sec

b) 1 m/sec

c) 1.5 m/sec

d) 2 m/sec

Answer: b

Q200. The predominant force involved in the motion of a boat is

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscous force

gravity

surface tension

compressibility force

Answer: a

Q201. A floating body is stable only when (M,G,B are metacentre, centre

of gravity & centre of buoyancy respectively)

a)

b)

c)

d)

M

B

M

M

coincides with G

is above G

is below G

is above G

Answer: d

Q202. Circulation is defined as

a)

b)

c)

d)

integral of tangential component of velocity about a path

line integral of velocity about a closed path

line integral of tangential component of velocity about a closed path

Answer: d

Q203. The dimensions of surface tension is

a)

b)

c)

d)

N/m

J/m

J/m

W/m

Answer: c

Q204. For stable equilibrium of floating bodies, the centre of gravity

has to

a)

b)

c)

d)

be

be

be

be

above the centre of buoyancy

above the metacentre

between the centre of buoyancy & metacentre

Answer: d

Q205. For a floating body, if the metacentre lies below the centre of

gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: b

Q206. For a floating body, if the metacentre coincides with the centre

of gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: d

Q207. Poise is the unit of

a)

b)

c)

d)

mass density

kinematic viscosity

viscosity

velocity gradient

Answer: c

Q208. The increase of temperature

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases

decreases

decreases

increases

the

the

the

the

viscosity

viscosity

viscosity

viscosity

of

of

of

of

liquid

a liquid

a gas

a gas

Answer: d

Q209. Centre of pressure of a plane surface immersed in a liquid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

at the centre of gravity of the plane surface

below the centre of gravity of the plane surface

none of the above

Answer: c

Q210. Flow of a fluid in a pipe takes place from

a)

b)

c)

d)

higher pressure to lower pressure

higher energy to lower energy

none of the above

Answer: c

Q211. A submerged body will be in stable equilibrium if

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

centre

centre

centre

centre

of

of

of

of

buoyancy

buoyancy

buoyancy

buoyancy

B

B

B

B

coincides with G

is above the metacentre M

is above G

Answer: d

Q212. When the fluid is at rest, the shear stress is

a)

b)

c)

d)

maximum

zero

unpredictable

none of the above

Answer: b

Q213. The value of bulk modulus of a fluid is required to determine

a)

b)

c)

d)

Reynold's number

Froude's number

Mach number

Euler's number

Answer: c

Q214. The kinematic viscosity is the

a)

b)

c)

d)

ratio of density of the liquid to the absolute viscosity

product of absolute viscosity and density of the liquid

product of absolute viscosity and mass of the liquid

Answer: a

Q215. Pascal-second is the unit of

a)

b)

c)

d)

pressure

kinematic viscosity

dynamic viscosity

surface tension

Answer: c

Q216. An ideal fluid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

frictionless and incompressible

very viscous

frictionless and compressible

Answer: b

Q217. The unit of kinematic viscosity is

a) gm/cm-sec2

b) dyne-sec/cm2

c) gm/cm2-sec

d) cm2/sec

Answer: d

Q218. If the dynamic viscosity of a fluid is 0.5 poise and specific

gravity is 0.5, then the kinematic viscosity of that fluid in stokes is

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.25

0.50

1.0

none of the above

Answer: c

Q219. The viscosity of a gas

a)

b)

c)

d)

decreases with

increases with

is independent

is independent

increase in temperature

increase in temperature

of temperature

of pressure for very high pressure intensities

Answer: b

Q220. Newton's law of viscosity relates

a)

b)

c)

d)

shear stress and rate of angular deformation

shear stress, viscosity and temperature

viscosity and rate of angular deformation

Answer: b

Q221. The position of center of pressure

a)

b)

c)

d)

always above the centroid of the area

always below the centroid of the area

none of the above

Answer: c

Q222. A vertical rectangular plane surface is submerged in water such

that its top and bottom surfaces are 1.5 m and 6.0 m res-pectively below

the free surface. The position of center of pressure below the free

surface will be at a distance of

a)

b)

c)

d)

3.75 m

4.0 m

4.2m

4.5m

Answer: c

a)

b)

c)

d)

coincides with the centroid of the volume of fluid displaced

remains above the centre of gravity

remains below the centre of gravity

Answer: b

Q224. If the weight of a body immersed in a fluid exceeds the buoyant

force, then the body will

a) rise until its weight equals the buoyant force

b) tend to move downward and it may finally sink

c) float

d) none of the above

Answer: b

Q225. Metacentric height for small values of angle of heel is the distance

between the

a) centre of gravity and centre of buoy-ancy

c) centre of buoyancy and metacentre

d) free surface and centre of buoyancy

Answer: b

Q226. A floating body is said to be in a state of stable equilibrium

a)

b)

c)

d)

when

when

when

only

the metacentre is above the centre of gravity

the metacentre is below the centre of gravity

when its centre of gravity is below its centre of buoyancy

Answer: b

Q227. "The increase in meta centric height

i)

increases stability

ii)

decreases stability

iii) increases comfort for passengers

iv) decreases comfort for passengers

The correct answer is

a) (i) and (iii)

b) (i)and(iv)

c) (ii) and (iii)

d) (ii) and (iv)

Answer: b

the depth of immersion being 0.5 m. If water weighs 10 kN/m3, then the

weight of the block is

a)

b)

c)

d)

5kN

1OkN

15 kN

20 kN

Answer: b

Q229. The point in the immersed body through which the resultant pressure

of the liquid may be taken to act is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

center of gravity

center of buoyancy

center of pressure

metacentre

Answer: c

Q230. If a sphere of diameter 1 cm falls in castor oil of kinematic

viscosity 10 stokes, with a terminal velocity of 1.5 cm/sec, the

coefficient of drag on the sphere is

a)

b)

c)

d)

less than 1

between 1 and 100

160

200

Answer: c

Q231. When an ideal fluid flows past a sphere,

a) highest intensity of pressure occurs around the circumference at right

angles to flow

b) lowest pressure intensity occurs at front stagnation point

c) lowest pressure intensity occurs at rear stagnation point

d) total drag is zero

Answer: d

Q232. The speed of a pressure wave through a pipe depends upon

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

length of pipe

viscosity of fluid

bulk modulus for the fluid

original head

Answer: c

Q233. The horizontal component of force on a curved surface is equal to

the

a) product of pressure intensity at its centroid and area

b) force on a vertical projection of the curved surface

d) force on the horizontal projection of the curved surface

Answer: b

Q234. The eddy viscosity for turbulent flow is

a)

b)

c)

d)

a physical property of the fluid.

dependent on the flow

independent of the flow

Answer: c

Q235. In Red wood viscometer

a) Absolute value of viscosity is detemiined

b) Part of the head of fluid is utilized in

Overcoming friction

c) Fluid discharges through orifice with

negligible velocity

d) Comparison of viscosity is done.

Answer: d

Q236. Centre of buoyancy is

a) The point of intersection of buoyant force and

centre line of the body

b) Centre of gravity of the body

c) Centric of displaced volume fluid

d) Midpoint between C.G. and metacentric.

Answer: c

Q237. Apparent shear forces

a) Can never occur in frictionless fluid

regardless of its motion

b) Can never occur when the fluid is at rest

c) Depend upon cohesive forces

d) All of the above

Answer: d

Q238. A small plastic boat loaded with pieces of steel

rods is floating in a bath tub. If the cargo is dumped

into the water allowing the both to float empty, the

water level in the tub will

"

a) Rise

b) Fall

c) Remains same

d) Rise and then fall

Answer: b

Q239. Buoyant force is

a) Resultant of up thrust and gravity forces acting

on the body

b) Resultant force on the body due to the fluid

surrounding it

c) Resultant of static weight of body and

dynamic thrust of fluid

d) Equal to the volume of liquid displaced by

the body

Answer: d

Q240. Cavitations is caused by

a)

b)

c)

d)

High velocity

Low barometric pressure

High pressure

Low pressure

Answer: d

Q241. In equilibrium condition, fluids are not able to sustain

a)

b)

c)

d)

Shear force

Resistance to viscosity

Surface tension

Geometric similitude

Answer: c

Q242. "Total pressure on 1 m x 1 m gate immersed vertically at a depth

of 2 m below the free water

surface will be

"

a)

b)

c)

d)

1000

2000

4000

8000

kg

kg

kg

kg

Answer: a

Q242. A fluid is a substance that

a) Always expands until it fills any container

b) Has the same shear stress at a point

c) Cannot remain at rest under action of any

shear force

d) Cannot be subjected to shear forces

Answer: b

Q243. Fluid is a substance that

a)

b)

c)

d)

always expands until it fills any con-tainer

has the same shear stress.at a point regardless of its motion

cannot remain at rest under action of any shear force

Answer: d

Q244. Fluid is a substance which offers no resistance to change of

a)

b)

c)

d)

pressure

flow

shape

volume

Answer: c

Q245. Practical fluids

a)

b)

c)

d)

are viscous

possess surface tension

are compressible

possess all the above properties

Answer: d

Q246. In a static fluid

a)

b)

c)

d)

fluid pressure is zero

linear deformation is small

only normal stresses can exist

Answer: d

Q247. A fluid is said to be ideal, if it is

a) incompressible

b) inviscous

c) viscous and incompressible

e)inviscous and incompressible

Answer: d

Q248. An ideal flow of any fluid must fulfill the following

a)

b)

c)

d)

Newton's law of viscosity

Pascal' law

Continuity equation

Answer: d

Q249. If no resistance is encountered by displacement, such a substance

is known as

a) fluid

b) water

c) gas

d)ideal fluid.

Answer: d

Q250.

as

a)

b)

c)

d)

volumetric strain

volumetric index

compressibility

adhesion

Answer: c

Q251. Liquids

a)

b)

c)

e)

cannot be compressed

occupy definite volume

are not affected by change in pressure and temperature

none of the above.

Answer: d

Q252. Density of water is maximum at

a)

b)

c)

d)

0C

0K

4C

100C

Answer: c

Q253. The value of mass density is maximum at

a)

b)

c)

d)

0C

100C

1000C

4C

Answer: d

Q254. Property of a fluid by which its own molecules are attracted is

called

a) adhesion

b) cohesion

c) viscosity

d) compressibility

Answer: b

Q255. Mercury does not wet glass. This is due to property of liquid known

as

a)

b)

c)

d)

adhesion

cohesion

surface tension

viscosity

Answer: c

Q256. The property of a fluid which enables it to resist tensile stress

is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

cohesion

surface tension

compressibility

adhesion

Answer: a

Q257. Property of a fluid by which molecules of different kinds of fluids

are attracted to each other is called

a) adhesion

b) cohesion

c) viscosity

d)compressibility

Answer: a

Q258. The specific weight of water is 9810 kg/m3

a)

b)

c)

d)

at 4C temperature

at mean sea level

all the above

Answer: d

Q259. Specific weight of water in S.I. units is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

1000 N/m3

10000 N/m3

9.81 xlO3 N/m3

9.81 xlO6N/m3

Answer: c

at a point only if

a)

b)

c)

e)

it

it

it

it

is incompressible

has uniform viscosity

has zero viscosity

is at rest.

Answer: d

Q261. The pressure at a point in a fluid will not be same in all the

directions when the fluid is

a)

b)

c)

e)

moving

viscous

viscous and static

viscous and moving.

Answer: d

Q262. The tendency of a liquid surface to contract is due to the following

property

a)

b)

c)

d)

cohesion

adhesion

viscosity

surface tension

Answer: d

Q263. The surface tension of mercury at normal temperature compared to

that of water is

a) more

b) less

c) same

d)more or less depending on size of glass tube

Answer: a

Q264. A perfect gas

a)

b)

c)

e)

has zero viscosity

is incompressible

none of the above.

Answer: d

Q265. For very great pressures, viscosity of moss gases and liquids

a) remains same

b) increases

c) decreases

Answer: d

Q266. A fluid in equilibrium can't sustain

a)

b)

c)

d)

tensile stress

compressive stress

shear stress

bending stress

Answer: c

Q267. Viscosity of water in comparison to mercury is

a)

b)

c)

d)

higher

lower

same

higher/lower depending on temperature

Answer: a

Q268. The bulk modulus of elasticity with increase in pressure

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases

decreases

remains constant

increases first upto certain limit and then decreases

Answer: a

Q269. The bulk modulus of elasticity

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases with pressure

is large when fluid is more compressible

is independent of pressure and viscosity

Answer: b

Q270. A balloon lifting in air follows the following principle

a)

b)

c)

d)

law of gravitation

Archimedes principle

principle of buoyancy

all of the above

Answer: d

Q271. If 6 m3 of oil has weight 50 kN, the specific gravity of oil is

a) 0.45

b) 0.65

c) 0.85

d)0.95

Answer: c

Q272. The increase of temperature results in

a)

b)

c)

d)

increase

increase

decrease

decrease

in

in

in

in

viscosity

viscosity

viscosity

viscosity

of

of

of

of

gas

liquid

gas

liquid

Answer: d

Q273. Surface tension has the units of

a)

b)

c)

d)

newton x m

newton/m2

newton/m

newton

Answer: c

Q274. Surface tension

a) acts in the plane of the interface normal to any line in the surface

b) is also known as capillarity

c) is a function of the curvature of the interface

d) decreases with fall in temperature

Answer: a

Q275. The stress-strain relation of the newtonian fluid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

linear

parabolic

hyperbolic

inverse type

Answer: a

Q276. The hydrostatic pressure

a) increases with increase in depth of the fluid

b) decreases with increase in depth of the fluid

c) remains constant with the depth of the fluid

d) increases with decrease in depth of the fluid

Answer: a

a)

b)

c)

d)

pressure

distance

level

density.

Answer: d

a)

b)

c)

d)

energy/unit area

distance

both of the above

it has no units

Answer: c

Q279. Which of the following meters is not associated with viscosity

a)

b)

c)

d)

Red wood

Say bolt

Engler

Orsat

Answer: d

Q280. Choose the correct relationship

a)

b)

c)

d)

specific gravity =

dynamicviscosity =

gravity = specific

kinematicviscosity

gravity x density

kinematicviscosity x density

gravity x density

= dynamicviscosity x density

Answer: b

Q281. Dimensions of surface tension are

a)

b)

c)

d)

MlLT-2

MlLT1

Ml L T2

MlL2T2

Answer: a

Q282. For manometer, a better liquid combination is one having

a)

b)

c)

d)

lower surface tension

surface tension is no criterion

high density and viscosity

Answer: a

Q283. Choose the wrong statement.

a)

b)

c)

d)

it provides suitable meniscus for the in-clined tube

its density is less

it provides longer length for a given pressure difference

Answer: a

shear is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

surface tension

adhesion

cohesion

viscosity

Answer: d

Q285. Choose the wrong statement

a)

b)

c)

d)

fluids conform to the shape of the con-taining vessels

when in equilibrium, fluids cannot sus-tain tangential forces

when in equilibrium, fluids can sustain shear forces

Answer: d

Q286. The density of water is 1000 kg/m3 at

a) 0C

b) 0K

c) 4C

d)20C

Answer: c

Q287. If w is the specific weight of liquid and k the depth of any point

from the surface, then pressure intensity at that point will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

h

wh

w/h

h/w

Answer: b

Q289. Choose the wrong statement

a) Viscosity of a fluid is that property which determines the amount of

its resistance to a shearing force

b) Viscosity is due primarily to interaction between fluid molecules

c) Viscosity of liquids decreases with in-crease in temperature

d) Viscosity of liquids is appreciably af-fected by change in pressure

Answer: d

Q.290. The units of kinematic viscosity are

a)

b)

c)

d)

kg sec/metre

newton-sec per metre

newton-sec per metre

Answer: a

Q291. The ratio of absolute viscosity to mass den-sity is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

specific viscosity

viscosity index

kinematic viscosity

coefficient of viscosity

Answer: c

Q292. Kinematic viscosity is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

dynamic viscosity/density

dynamicviscosity x density

density/dynamic viscosity

1/dynamicviscosity x density

Answer: a

Q293. Which of the following is the unit of kinematic viscosity

a)

b)

c)

d)

pascal

poise

stoke

faraday

Answer: c

Q294. Specific weight of sea water is more that of pure water because

it contains

a)

b)

c)

d)

dissolved air

dissolved salt

suspended matter

all of the above

Answer: d

Q295. If 850 kg liquid occupies volume of one cubic meter, men 0.85

represents its

a)

b)

c)

d)

specific

specific

specific

specific

weight

mass

gravity

density

Answer: c

Q296. Free surface of a liquid tends to contract to the smallest possible

area due to force of

a) surface tension

b) viscosity

c) friction

d) cohesion

Answer: a

Q297. A bucket of water is hanging from a spring balance. An iron piece

is suspended into water without touching sides of bucket from another

support. The spring balance reading will

a)

b)

c)

d)

increase

decrease

remain same

increase/decrease depending on depth of immersion

Answer: c

Q298. Falling drops of water become spheres due to the property of

a)

b)

c)

d)

adhesion

cohesion

surface tension

viscosity

Answer: c

Q299. A liquid would wet the solid, if adhesion forces as compared to

cohesion forces are

a)

b)

c)

d)

less

more

equal

less at low temperature and more at high temperature

Answer: b

Q300. If cohesion between molecules of a fluid is greater than adhesion

between fluid and glass, then the free level of fluid in a dipped glass

tube will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

the same as the surface of liquid

lower than the surface of liquid

unpredictable

Answer: c

Q301. The point in the immersed body through which the resultant pressure

of the liquid may be taken to act is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

meta centre

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

centre of gravity

Answer: b

x 1 m with its top 2 m surface being 0.5 m below the water level will

be

a)

b)

c)

d)

500 kg

1000 kg

1500 kg

2000 kg

Answer: d

Q303. The resultant upward pressure of a fluid on a floating body is equal

to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. This definition is

according to

a)

b)

c)

d)

Buoyancy

Equilibrium of a floating body

Archimedes' principle

Bernoulli's theorem

Answer: c

Q304. The resultant upward pressure of the fluid on an immersed body is

called

a)

b)

c)

d)

upthrust

buoyancy

centre of pressure

all the above are correct

Answer: b

Q305. The conditions for the stable equilibrium of a floating body

a) the meta-centre should lie above the centre of gravity

b) the centre of buoyancy and the centre of gravity must lie on the same

vertical line

c) a righting couple should be formed

d)all the above are correct

Answer: d

Q306. Poise is the unit of

a)

b)

c)

d)

surface tension

capillarity

viscosity

shear stress in fluids

Answer: c

Q307. Metacentric height is given as the distance between

a) the centre of gravity of the body andthe meta centre

b) the centre of gravity of the body and the centre of buoyancy

c) the centre of gravity of the body and the centre of pressure

Answer: a

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity of the liquid

pressure of the liquid displaced

depth of immersion

Answer: a

Q309. The centre of gravity of the volume of the liquid displaced by an

immersed body is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

meta-centre

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

centre of gravity

Answer: c

Q310. A piece of metal of specific gravity 13.6 is placed in mercury of

specific gravity 13.6, what fraction of it volume is under mercury?

a)

b)

c)

at

d)

the metal piece will be immersed in mercury by half

whole of the metal piece will be immersed with its top surface just

mercury level

metal piece will sink to the bottom

Answer: c

Q311. The angle of contact in case of a liquid depends upon

a)

b)

c)

d)

the material which exists above the free surface of the liquid

both of die above

any one of the above

Answer: c

Q312. Free surface of a liquid behaves like a sheet and tends to contract

to smallest possible area due to the

a)

b)

c)

d)

force

force

force

force

of

of

of

of

adhesion

cohesion

friction

diffusion

Answer:

Q313. Rain drops are spherical because of

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity

air resistance

surface tension forces

atmospheric pressure

Answer: b

Q314. Surface energy per unit area of a surface is numerically equal

to

..

a)

b)

c)

d)

atmospheric pressure

surface tension

force of adhesion

force of cohesion

Answer: c

Q315. The capillary rise at 20C in a clean glass tube of 1 mm bore

containing water is approximately

a) 1 mm

b) 5 mm

c) 10 mm

d)30 mm

Answer: b

Q316. The difference of pressure between the inside and outside of a

liquid drop is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Answer: d

Q317. If the surface of liquid is convex, men

a)

b)

c)

d)

cohesion

cohesion

cohesion

there is

pressure is

pressure is

pressure is

no cohesion

negligible

decreased

increased

pressure

Answer: d

Q318. The vapour pressure over the concave surface is

a)

b)

c)

d)

equal to the vapour pressure over the plane surface

greater than the vapour pressure over the plane surface

zero

Answer: a

Q319. The peoperty by virtue of which a liquid opposes relative motion

between its different layers is called

a) surface tension

b) co-efficient of viscosity

c) viscosity

d)osmosis

Answer: c

Q320. The process of diffusion of one liquid into the other through a

semi-permeable membrane is called

a) viscosity

b) osmosis

c) surface tension

d) cohesion

Answer: b

Q321. The units of dynamic or absolute viscosity are

a)

b)

c)

d)

kg sec/metre

newton-sec per metre

newton-sec2 per metre

Answer: c

Q322. The rise or depression of liquid in a tube due to surface tension

wim increase in size of tube will

a) increase

b) remain unaffected

c) may increase or decrease depending on the characteristics of liquid

d) decrease

Answer: d

according to

a)

b)

c)

d)

Boyle's law

Archimedes principle

Pascal's law

Newton's formula

Answer: c

Q324. Capillary action is due to the

a) surface tension

b) cohesion of the liquid

c) adhesion of the liquid molecules and the molecules on the surface of

a solid

d) all of the above

Answer: d

Q325. Newton's law of viscosity is a relationship between

a)

b)

c)

d)

shear stress and viscosity

shear stress, velocity and viscosity

pressure, velocity and viscosity

Answer: a

Q326. The speed of sound in a ideal gas varies directly as its

a)

b)

c)

d)

pressure

temperature

density

absolute temperature

Answer: d

Q327. Dynamic viscosity of most of the liquids with rise in temperature

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases

decreases

remains unaffected

unpredictable

Answer: b

Q328. Dynamic viscosity of most of the gases with rise in temperature

a)

b)

c)

d)

increases

decreases

remains unaffected

unpredictable

Answer: a

Q329. A metal with specific gravity of o floating in a fluid of same

specific gravity a will

a)

b)

c)

d)

sink to bottom

float over fluid

partly immersed

be fully immersed with top surface at fluid surface

Answer: d

Q330. Working principle of dead weight pressure gauge tester is based

on

a)

b)

c)

d)

Pascal's law

Dalton's law of partial pressure

Newton's law of viscosity

Avogadro's hypothesis

Answer: a

Q331. The resultant of all normal pressures acts

a)

b)

c)

d)

at e.g. of body

at centre of pressure

vertically upwards

at metacentre

Answer: c

Q332. Centre of pressure compared to e.g. is

a)

b)

c)

d)

above it

below it.

at same point

above or below depending on area of body

Answer: b

Q333. Metacentric height is the distance between the metacentre and

a)

b)

c)

d)

water surface

centre of pressure

centre of gravity

centre of buoyancy

Answer: c

Q334. The resultant upward pressure of the fluid on an immersed body due

to its tendency to uplift the sub-merged body is called

a) upthrust

b) reaction

c) buoyancy

d) metacentre

Answer: c

Q335. The centre of pressure of a surface subjected to fluid pressure

is the point

a)

b)

c)

d)

on the surface at which gravitational force acis

at which all hydraulic forces meet

similar to metacentre

Answer: a

Q336. Buoyant force is

a)

b)

c)

d)

the resultant force on a body due to the fluid surrounding it

equal to the volume of liquid dis-placed

the force necessary to maintain equi-librium of a submerged body

Answer: b

Q337. The horizontal component of buoyant force is

a)

b)

c)

d)

negligible

same as buoyant force

zero

none

Answer: c

Q338. The line of action of the buoyant force acts through the

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of the volume of floating body

centre of gravity of any submerged body

centriod of the displaced volume of fluid

Answer: d

Q339. Centre of buoyancy is the

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of pressure of displaced volume

e.g. of floating 'body

does not exist

Answer: a

Q340. A body floats in stable equilibrium

a)

b)

c)

d)

when the metancentre is above e.g.

when its e.g. is below it's centre of buoyancy

metacentre has nothing to do with position of e.g. for determining

stability

Answer: b

Q341. The total pressure force on a plane area is equal to the area

multiplied by the intensity of pressure at the centriod, if

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

all

area is horizontal

area is vertical

area is inclined

of the above

Answer: d

Q342. Metacentre is the point of intersection of

a) vertical upward force through e.g. of body and centre line of body

b) buoyant force and the centre line of body

c) mid point between e.g. and centre of buoyancy

d) all of the above

Answer: b

Q343. Choose the wrong statement

a) The horizontal component of the hydro-static force on any surface is

equal to the normal force on the vertical projection of the surface

b) The horizontal component acts through the centre of pressure for the

vertical projection

c) The vertical component of the hydros-tatic force on any surface is

equal to the weight of the volume of the liquid above the area

d) he vertical component passes through the centre of pressure of the

volume

Answer: d

Q344. For a body floating in a liquid the normal pressure exerted by the

liquid acts at

a)

b)

c)

d)

e.g. of the body

metacentre

all points on the surface of the body

Answer: d

Q345. Choose the wrong statement

a) any weight, floating or immersed in a liquid, is acted upon by a buoyant

force

b) Buoyant force is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced

c) The point through which buoyant force acts, is called the centre of

buoyancy

d) Centre of buoyancy is located above the centre of gravity of the

displaced liquid

Answer: d

Q346. According to the principle of buoyancy a body totally or partially

immersed in a fluid will be lifted up by a force equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

the weight of

more than the

less than the

weight of the

the body

weight of the body

weight of the body

fluid displaced by the body

Answer: d

Q347. When a body floating in a liquid, is displaced slightly, it

oscillates about

a)

b)

c)

d)

e.g. of body

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

metacentre

Answer: d

Q348. Buoyant force is

a)

b)

c)

d)

equal to the volume of liquid displaced

force necessary to keep a body in equilibrium

the resultant force on a body due to the fluid surrounding it

Answer: d

Q349. For a floating body to be in stable equilibrium, its metacentre

should be

a)

b)

c)

d)

below

below

above

above

the

the

the

the

centre

centre

centre

centre

of

of

of

of

gravity

buoyancy

buoyancy

gravity

Answer: d

Q350. For a floating body to be in equilibrium

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of buoyancy and e.g. must lie on same vertical plane

a righting couple should be formed

all of the above

Answer: d

Q351. The two important forces for a floating body are

a) buoyancy, gravity

b) buoyancy, pressure

c) buoyancy, inertial

d) inertial, gravity

Answer: a

Q352. Choose the wrong statement

a) The centre of buoyancy is located at the centre of gravity of the

displaced liquid

b) For stability of a submerged body, the centre of gravity of body must

lie directly below the centre of buoyancy

c) If e.g. and centre of buoyancy coincide, the submerged body must lie

at neutral equilibrium for all positions

d) All floating bodies are stable

Answer: d

Q353. Centre of pressure on an inclined plane is

a)

b)

c)

d)

at the centroid

above the centroid

below the centroid

at metacentre

Answer: c

Q354. The line of action of the buoyant force acts through the centroid

of the

a)

b)

c)

d)

submerged

volume of

volume of

displaced

body

the floating body

the fluid vertically above the body

volume of the fluid

Answer: d

Q355. Resultant pressure of the liquid in the case of an immersed body

acts through

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of gravity

centre of pressure

metacentre

centre of buoyancy

Answer: b

Q356. The centre of gravity of the volume of the liquid displaced by an

immersed body is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of gravity

centre of pressure

metacentre

centre of buoyancy

Answer: d

Q357. The pressure in the air space above an oil (sp. gr. 0.8) surface

in a tank is 0.1 kg/cm".

a)

b)

c)

d)

3 metres of water column

3.5 metres of water column

4 m of water column

Answer: b

Q358. The time oscillation of a floating body with increase in

metacentric height will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

same

higher

lower

lower/higher depending on weight of body

Answer: c

Q359. In an immersed body, centre of pressure is

a)

b)

c)

d)

above the centre of gravity

below be centre of gravity

could be above or below e.g. depending on density of body and liquid

Answer: c

Q360. A piece of metal of specific gravity 7 floats in mercury of specific

gravity 13.6. What fraction of its volume is under mercury ?

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.5

0.4

0.515

0.5

Answer: c

Q361. A piece of wood having weight 5 kg floats in water with 60% of its

volume under the liquid. The specific gravity of wood is

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.83

0.6

0.4

0.3

Answer: b

Q362. Hydrometer is used to determine

a)

b)

c)

d)

specific

specific

specific

relative

gravity of liquids

gravity of solids

gravity of gases

humidity

Answer: a

Q363. The pressure in Pascals at a depth of 1 m below the free surface

of a body of water will be equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

1 Pa

98.1Pa

981 Pa

9810 Pa

Answer: d

Q364. Cavitation is caused by

a)

b)

c)

d)

high velocity

high pressure

weak material

low pressure

Answer: d

Q365. Cavitation will begin when

a) the pressure at any location reaches an absolute pressure equal to

the saturated vapour pressure of the liquid

b) pressure becomes more than critical pressure

c) flow is increased

d) pressure is increased

Answer: a

Q366. An ideal fluid is defined as the fluid which

a)

b)

c)

d)

is compressible

is incompressible

is incompressible & non-viscous

has negligible surface tension

Answer: c

Q367. Newton's law of viscosity states that

a)

b)

c)

d)

shear

shear

shear

shear

stress

stress

stress

stress

is

is

is

is

directly

directly

directly

directly

proportional

proportional

proportional

proportional

to

to

to

to

the velocity

velocity gradient

shear strain

the viscocity

Answer: b

Q368. A Newtonian fluid is defined as the fluid which

a)

b)

c)

d)

obeys Newton's law of viscosity

is highly viscous

is compressible & non-viscous

Answer: b

Q369. Kinematic viscosity is defined as equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

dynamic viscosity / density

dynamic viscosity X pressure

pressure X density

Answer: b

Q370. Dynamic viscosity () has the dimensions as

a)

b)

c)

d)

MLT-2

ML -1 T-1

ML-1 T-2

M-1 L-1 T-1

Answer: b

Q371. Stoke is the unit of

a)

b)

c)

d)

Surface tension

viscosity

kinematic viscosity

none of the above

Answer: c

Q372. The dividing factor for converting one poise into MKS unit of

dynamic viscosity is

a)

b)

c)

d)

9.81

98.1

981

0.981

Answer: b

Q373. Surface tension has the units of

a)

b)

c)

d)

force per unit langth

force per unit volume

None of the above

Answer: b

Q374. The gases are considered incompressible when Mach number

a)

b)

c)

d)

is

is

is

is

equal to 1.0

equal to 0.50

more than 0.3

less than 0.2

Answer: d

directions

a)

b)

c)

d)

in

in

in

in

a

a

a

a

liquid at rest

fluid at rest

laminar flow

turbulent flow

Answer: b

Q376. The hydrostatic law states that rate of increase of pressure in

a vertical direction is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

specific weight of the fluid

weight of the fluid

none of the above

Answer: b

Q378. Fluid statics deals with

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscous

viscous

gravity

surface

& gravity forces

& pressure forces

tension & gravity forces

Answer: c

Q379. Gauge pressure at a point is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure

vaccum pressure plus absolute pressure

none of the above

Answer: b

Q380. Centre of pressue of a plane surface immersed in a liquid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

at the centre of gravity of the plane surface

below the centre of gravity of the plane surface

none of the above

Answer: c

Q381. The resultant hydrostatic force acts through a point known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of gravity

centre of buoyancy

centre of pressure

none of the above

Answer: c

Q382. For a submerged curved surface, the vertical component of the

hydrostatic force is

a) mass of the liquid supported by the curved surface

b) weight of the liquid supported by the curved surface

c) the force on the projected area of the curved surface on vertical plane

d) none of the above

Answer: b

Q383. For a floating body, the buoyant force passes through the

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of gravity of the submerged part of the body

metacentre of the body

centroid of the liquid displaced by the body

Answer: d

Q384. The condition of stable equilibrium for a floating body is

a)

b)

c)

d)

the

the

the

the

metacentre M is below centre of gravity G

metacentre M is above centre of gravity G

centre of buoyancy B is above centre of gravity G

Answer: c

Q385. The metacentric height of a floating body is

a) the distance between metacentre & centre of buoyancy

b) the distance between the centre of buoyancy & centre of gravity

c) the distance between metacentre & centre of gravity

d) none of the above

Answer: c

Q386. The centre of pressure for a plane vertical surface lies at a depth

of

a)

b)

c)

d)

one-third the height of the immersed surface

two-third the height of the immersed surface

none of the above

Answer: c

Q387. The point, through which the buoyant force is acting, is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of pressure

centre of gravity

center of buoyancy

none of the above

Answer: c

Q388. The point, through which the weight is acting, is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of pressure

centre of gravity

centre of buoyancy

none of the above

Answer: b

Q389. The point, about which a floating body starts oscilating when the

body is tilted, is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of pressure

centre of buoyancy

centre of gravity

metacentre

Answer: d

Q390. For a floating body, if the metacentre is above the centre of

gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: a

Q391. For a floating body, if the metacentre coincides with the centre

of gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: c

Q392. For a floating body, if centre of buoyancy is above the centre of

gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

None of the above

Answer: d

Q393. For a submerged body, if the centre of buoyancy is above the centre

of gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: a

Q394. For a submerged body, if the centre of buoyancy is below the centre

of gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: b

Q395. For a submerged body, if the centre of buoyancy coincides with the

centre of gravity, the equlibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: c

Q396. For a submerged body, if the metacentre is below the centre of

gravity, the equilibrium is called

a)

b)

c)

d)

stable

unstable

neutral

none of the above

Answer: d

Q397. For a sub-merged curved surface, the horizontal component of force

due to static liquid is equal to

a) weight of liquid supported by the curved surface

b) force on a projection of the curved surface on a vertical plane

c) area of curved surface?pressure at the centroid of the submerged area

d) None of the above

Answer: b

Q398. For a sub-merged curved surface, the vertical component of force

due to static liquid is equal to

b) force on a projection of the curved surface on a vertical plane

c) area of curved surface?pressure at the centroid of the submerged area

d) None of the above

Answer: a

Q399. Rotameter is used for measuring

a)

b)

c)

d)

velocity of fluids in pipes

discharge of fluids

viscosity of fluids

Answer: c

Q400. A current meter is a device used for measuring

a)

b)

c)

d)

velocity

viscosity

current

pressure

Answer: a

Q401. A hot wire anemometer is a device used for measuring

a)

b)

c)

d)

viscosity

velocity of gases

pressure of gases

none of the above

Answer: b

Q402. Kinematic viscosity (v) is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d) none of the above

Answer: b

Q403. Construction of submarines is based on

a)

b)

c)

d)

Archimedes principle

Pascals law

Bernoullis theorem

Newtons laws

Answer: a

Q404. A body is just floating on the surface of a liquid. The density

of the body is same as that of the liquid. The body is slightly pushed

down. What will happen to the body

a)

b)

c)

d)

It

It

It

It

will

will

will

will

sink

remain submerged, where it is left

come out violently

Answer: c

Q405. A metallic block of density 5 gm / cm and having dimensions 5 cm

5 cm 5 cm is weighed in water. Its apparent weight will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

5

5

4

4

5

4

4

5

5

4

4

5

5

4

4

5

gf

gf

gf

gf

Answer: d

Q406. A concrete sphere of radius R has a cavity of radius r which is

packed with sawdust. The specific gravities of concrete and sawdust are

respectively 2.4 and 0.3 for this sphere to float with its entire volume

submerged under water. Ratio of mass of concrete to mass of sawdust will

be

a)

b)

c)

d)

8

3

4

Zero

Answer: c

Q407. Two pieces of metal when immersed in a liquid have equal upthrust

on them; then

a)

b)

c)

d)

Both

Both

Both

Both

pieces must have equal volumes

pieces must have equal densities

are floating to the same depth

Answer: b

Q408. Why the dam of water reservoir is thick at the bottom

a) Quantity of water increases with depth

b) Pressure of water increases with depth

c) Density of water increases with depth

Answer: b

Q409. Air is blown through a hole on a closed pipe containing liquid.

Then the pressure will

a)

b)

c)

d)

Increase on sides

Increase in all directions

Increase downwards

Never increases

Answer: b

Q410. A wooden cylinder floats vertically in water with half of its length

immersed. The density of wood is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Double the density of water

Half the density of water

The question is incomplete

Answer: c

Q411. An ice berg of density 900 Kg/m is floating in water of density

1000 Kg/m. The percentage of volume of ice-cube outside the water is

a)

b)

c)

d)

20%

10%

35%

25%

Answer: b

Q412. A hollow sphere of volume V is floating on water surface with half

immersed in it. What should be the minimum volume of water poured inside

the sphere so that the sphere now sinks into the water

a)

b)

c)

d)

V / 2

V / 4

V / 3

V

Answer: a

Q413. The value of g at a place decreases by 2%. The barometric height

of mercury

a) Increases by 2%

b) Remains unchanged

c) Decreases by 2%

d)Sometimes increases and sometimes decreases

Answer: a

Q414. The pressure at the bottom of a tank containing a liquid does not

depend on

a)

b)

c)

d)

Area of the bottom surface

Height of the liquid column

Nature of the liquid

Answer: b

Q415. If pressure at half the depth of a lake is equal to 2/3 pressure

at the bottom of the lake then what is the depth of the lake

a)

b)

c)

d)

10

60

20

30

m

m

m

m

Answer: c

Q416. A solid sphere of density ? ( > 1) times lighter than water is

suspended in a water tank by a string tied to its base. If the mass of

the sphere is m then the tension in the string is given by

a)

b)

c)

d)

((?-1)/?)mg

mg/(?-1)

?mg

(?-1)mg

Answer: d

Q417. A rectangular block is 5 cm 5 cm 10cm in size. The block is

floating in water with 5 cm side vertical. If it floats with 10 cm side

vertical, what change will occur in the level of water?

a)

b)

c)

d)

No

It

It

It

change

will fall

will rise

may rise or fall depending on the density of block

Answer: a

Q418. A large ship can float but a steel needle sinks because of

a)

b)

c)

d)

Viscosity

Density

Surface tension

None of these

Answer: d

Q419. The height of a mercury barometer is 75 cm at sea level and 50 cm

at the top of a hill. Ratio of density of mercury to that of air is 104.

The height of the hill is

a) 250 m

b) 1.25 km

c) 2.5 km

d) 750 m

Answer: c

Q420. A piece of wood having weight 5 kg floats in water with 60% of its

volume under the liquid. The specific gravity of wood is

a)

b)

c)

d)

0.83

0.6

0.4

None of the above

Answer: b

Q421. Total pressure on 1 m x 1 m gate immersed vertically at a depth

of 2 m below the free water surface will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

1000

2000

4000

8000

kg

kg

kg

kg

Answer: a

Q422. Buoyant force is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Resultant force on the body due to the fluid surrounding it

Resultant of static weight of body and dynamic thrust of fluid

Equal to the volume of liquid displaced by the body

Answer: d

a) The point of intersection of buoyant force and centre line of the body

b) Centre of gravity of the body

c) Centric of displaced volume fluid

d) Midpoint between C.G. and metacentric.

Answer: c

Q424. A boat full of scrap iron is floating on water in a lake. If all

the iron is dropped into water, the level of water will

a)

b)

c)

d)

go up

remain the same

rise very high

go down

Answer: d

Q425. In order that a floating object be in a stable equilibrium, its

a)

b)

c)

d)

vertically below its centre of gravity

horizontally in line with its centre of gravity

may be anywhere

Answer: d

Q426. A body floats in a liquid contained in a beaker. The whole system

is falling under gravity. The upthrust on the body due to liquid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

zero

equal to weight of liquid displace

equal to weight of the body in air

equal to the weight of the immersed body

Answer: b

Q427. An open tank contains 1 m deep water with 50 cm depth of oil of

specific gravity 0.8 above it. The intensity of pressure at the bottom

of tank will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

4 kPa

10 kPa

12 kPa

14 kPa

Answer: d

Q428. The position of center of pressure on a plane surface immersed

vertically in a static mass of fluid is

a)

b)

c)

d)

always above the centroid of the area

always below the centroid of the area

none of the above

Answer: c

Q429. The total pressure on a plane surface inclined at an angle 9 with

the horizontal is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

PA

pA sin 9

pA cos 9

pA tan 9

surface.

Answer: a

Q430. A vertical rectangular plane surface is submerged in water such

that its top and bottom surfaces are 1.5 m and 6.0 m res-pectively below

the free surface. The position of center of pressure below the free

a)

b)

c)

d)

3.75 m

4.0 m

4.2m

4.5m

Answer: c

Q431. Centre of buoyancy always

a)

b)

c)

d)

coincides with the centroid of the volume of fluid displaced

remains above the centre of gravity

remains below the centre of gravity

Answer: b

Q432. If the weight of a body immersed in a fluid exceeds the buoyant

force, then the body will

a)

b)

c)

d)

tend to move downward and it may finally sink

float

none of the above

Answer: b

Q433. Metacentric height for small values of angle of heel is the distance

between the

a)

b)

c)

d)

centre of gravity and metacentre

centre of buoyancy and metacentre

free surface and centre of buoyanc

Answer: b

Q434. A floating body is said to be in a state of stable equilibrium

a)

b)

c)

d)

when

when

when

only

the metacentre is above the centre of gravity

the metacentre is below the centre of gravity

when its centre of gravity is below its centre of buoyancy

Answer: b

Q435. The increase in meta centric height

i) increases stability

ii) decreases stability

iii) increases comfort for passengers

iv) decreases comfort for passengers

The correct answer is

a) (i) and (iii)

b) (i)and(iv)

d) (ii) and (iv)

Answer: b

Q436. A rectangular block 2 m long, 1 m wide and 1 m deep floats in water,

the depth of immersion being 0.5 m. If water weighs 10 kN/m3, then the

weight of the block is

a)

b)

c)

d)

5kN

l0kN

15 kN

20 kN

Answer: b

Q437. The point in the immersed body through which the resultant

pressure of the liquid may be taken to act is known as

a)

b)

c)

d)

center of gravity

center of buoyancy

center of pressure

metacentre

Answer: c

Q438. If a vessel containing liquid moves downward with a constant

acceleration equal to 'g' then

a)

b)

c)

d)

there will be vacuum in the liquid

the pressure in the liquid mass is greater than hydrostatic pressure

none of the above

Answer: a

Q439. When a liquid rotates at a constant angular velocity about a

vertical axis as a rigid body, the pressure intensity varies

a)

b)

c)

d)

as the square of the radial distance

inversely as the square of the radial distance

inversely as the radial distance

Answer: b

Q440. The horizontal component of force on a curved surface is equal to

the

a)

b)

c)

d)

force on a vertical projection of the curved surface

weight of liquid vertically above the curved surface

force on the horizontal projection of the curved surface

Answer: b

a) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary fluid is equal in

all directions

b) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary fluid is zero

c) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary fluid is unequal in

all directions

d) none of the above

Answer: a

Q445. Which is correct statement

a) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary liquid fluid increases

linearly with the depth

b) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary liquid fluid decreases

linearly with the depth

c) intensity of pressure at a point in a stationary liquid fluid remains

constant with the depth

d) none of the above

Answer: a

Q446. For a completely submeged regular shaped body with uniform

properties, the Center of buoyancy

a) lies above the CG of the body

b) lies below the CG of the body

c) always coincide with the CG of the body

d) none of the above

Answer: c

Q447. A submerged body is in neutral equilibrium when

a)

b)

c)

d)

the center of buoyancy lies above the CG of the body

the center of buoyancy coincide with the CG of the body

none of the above

Answer: c

Q448. A submerged body is in stable equilibrium when

a)

b)

c)

d)

the center of buoyancy lies above the CG of the body

the center of buoyancy coincide with the CG of the body

none of the above

Answer: b

Q449. A floating body is in neutral equilibrium when

a) the center of buoyancy lies below the CG of the body

b) the center of buoyancy lies above the CG of the body

c) the center of buoyancy coincide with the CG of the body

Answer: d

Q450. A floating body is in stable equilibrium when

a)

b)

c)

d)

the center of buoyancy lies above the CG of the body

the center of buoyancy coincide with the CG of the body

none of the above

Answer: d

Q451. Metacenter is the

a) point of intersection of the line of action of buoyant force and the

normal axis of the floating body

b) point of intersection of the line of action of the weight and the normal

axis of the floating body

c) the center of gravity of the floating body

d) the center of buoyancy of the floating body

Answer: a

Q452. The center of buoyancy is

a) the centroid of the volume of fluid displaced by a floating body

b) the centroid of a floating body

c) point of intersection of the line of action of the weight and the normal

axis of a floating body

d) the center of gravity of a floating body

Answer: a

Q453. Center of pressure is

a) the centroid of the volume of fluid displaced by a floating body

b) the centroid of a floating body

c) point of intersection of the line of action of the weight and the normal

axis of a floating body

d) the point of application of the resultant hydrostatic pressure force

Answer: d

Q454. The hydrostatic pressure

a)

b)

c)

d)

decreases with increase in depth of the fluid

remains constant with the depth of the fluid

increases with decrease in depth of the fluid

Answer: a

Q455. The buoyant force on a completely submerged body

a) increases with increase in depth of submersion

c) remains constant with increase in depth of submersion

d) increases with decrease in depth of submersion

Answer: c

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