Structural Design of Us Divide Wall-II

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Structural Design of Us Divide Wall-II

© All Rights Reserved

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Where,

s

bd

=

=

=

stress in bar at the section considered at design load

design bond stress

Diameter of

bar (mm)

6

8

10

12

16

20

25

28

32

36

40

M 15

408

544

680

816

1088

1359

1699

1903

2175

2447

2719

M 20

340

453

566

680

906

1133

1416

1586

1813

2039

2266

500

M 25

M 30

291

272

388

363

485

453

583

544

777

725

971

906

1214

1133

1359

1269

1554

1450

1748

1631

1942

1813

Developement length of tensile steel bars, L d = s/4bd

Where,

bd

Diameter of

bar (mm)

6

8

10

12

16

20

M 15

326

435

544

653

870

1088

M 20

272

363

453

544

725

906

500

M 25

M 30

233

218

311

290

388

363

466

435

621

580

777

725

25

28

32

36

40

1359

1523

1740

1958

2175

1133

1269

1450

1631

1813

971

1088

1243

1398

1554

906

1015

1160

1305

1450

d at design load

N/mm2

ngth (mm)

M 35

240

320

400

480

640

800

1000

1119

1279

1439

1599

M 40

215

286

358

429

572

715

894

1002

1145

1288

1431

d at design load

N/mm2

ngth (mm)

M 35

192

256

320

384

512

640

M 40

172

229

286

343

458

572

800

896

1024

1151

1279

715

801

916

1030

1145

Stability analysis

Case: C1) Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (+x)

Undersluice

(Extream case)

Weir

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

hw,2

hw,1

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

hs,2

hs,1

Description

h

O

X

b1

b2

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

0.90

1.50

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

1.20

Force description

Force (KN/m)

V

H

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (+x)

Water dynamic pressure on left face of vertical wall

254.40

3.75

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

48.00

0.00

-118.80

231.60

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

x

y

=

=

=

1.10

3.95

(0.65)

2.00

2.00

5.80

5.80

0.00

4.40

32.31

0.00

-27.69

1.44

0.00

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Safe

i.e. resultant force acts at right from center of base slab.

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

14.27

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

55.91

KN/m2

Safe

Case: C2) Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

(Extream case)

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

Allowable factor of safety for seismic case

0.90

1.50

1.20

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Force description

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

Direction of seismic force

Force (KN/m)

V

H

254.40

x

y

3.75

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

2.00

2.00

5.80

9

10

11

12

13

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (-x)

Water dynamic pressure on right face of vertical wall

48.00

0.00

-118.80

231.60

5.80

0.00

4.40

-32.31

-6.67

-98.98

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

=

=

=

1.44

2.20

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

1.10

3.49

(0.19)

Safe

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

29.14

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

41.04

KN/m2

Safe

Extream case)

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

Left side Right side

(1)

(2)

0.00

3.00

0.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

e coefficient

24

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

Varies from 2 m to 4 m

eismic force

Left to right

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

278.40

0.00

-522.72

46.63

0.00

1558.15

-642.72

or of sliding (FSallowable)

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

4.52

Safe

is required.

Extream case)

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

(1)

(2)

0.00

3.00

0.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

Right to left

e coefficient

eismic force

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

24

278.40

0.00

-522.72

1511.52

-46.63

-14.67

-704.02

or of sliding (FSallowable)

is required.

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

1.26

Safe

Stability analysis

Case: C3) No sediment deposit, only water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right s

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Water height above base slab (hw)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

0.90

1.50

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

1.20

Force description

Force (KN/m)

V

H

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (+x)

Water dynamic pressure on left face of vertical wall

254.40

3.75

0.00

45.00

0.00

120.00

0.00

2.00

0.00

2.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

48.00

0.00

-237.60

232.80

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

x

y

=

=

=

1.10

4.29

(0.99)

2.00

2.00

5.80

5.80

0.00

3.30

32.31

6.67

23.98

1.44

2.20

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Safe

i.e. resultant force acts at right from center of base slab.

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

3.52

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

67.02

KN/m2

Safe

Case: C4) Water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

Allowable factor of safety for seismic case

0.90

1.50

1.20

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Force description

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

Direction of seismic force

Force (KN/m)

V

H

254.40

x

y

3.75

0.00

45.00

0.00

120.00

0.00

2.00

0.00

2.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

2.00

2.00

5.80

9

10

11

12

13

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (-x)

Water dynamic pressure on right face of vertical wall

48.00

0.00

-237.60

232.80

5.80

0.00

3.30

-32.31

-6.67

-53.98

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

=

=

=

1.44

2.20

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

1.10

3.76

(0.46)

Safe

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

20.41

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

50.13

KN/m2

Safe

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

Left side Right side

(1)

(2)

0.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

e coefficient

24

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

eismic force

Left to right

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

0.00

90.00

0.00

240.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

278.40

0.00

-784.08

46.63

14.67

1902.82

-904.08

or of sliding (FSallowable)

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

5.24

Safe

is required.

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

(1)

(2)

0.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

Right to left

e coefficient

eismic force

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

0.00

90.00

0.00

240.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

24

278.40

0.00

-784.08

1841.52

-46.63

-14.67

-965.38

or of sliding (FSallowable)

is required.

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

2.33

Safe

Stability analysis

Case: C5) 1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in rig

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Water height above base slab (hw)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

0.90

1.50

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

1.20

Force description

Force (KN/m)

V

H

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (+x)

Water dynamic pressure on left face of vertical wall

254.40

3.75

3.75

45.00

60.00

120.00

1.50

2.00

2.00

2.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

48.00

0.00

-237.60

292.80

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

x

y

=

=

=

1.10

3.84

(0.54)

2.00

2.00

5.80

5.80

0.00

3.30

32.31

6.67

27.73

1.44

2.20

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Safe

i.e. resultant force acts at right from center of base slab.

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

22.58

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

66.14

KN/m2

Safe

Case: C6) 1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in rig

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

Allowable factor of safety for seismic case

0.90

1.50

1.20

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Force description

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

Direction of seismic force

Force (KN/m)

V

H

254.40

x

y

3.75

3.75

45.00

60.00

120.00

1.50

2.00

2.00

2.00

-15.00

-45.00

48.00

2.00

2.00

5.80

9

10

11

12

13

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (-x)

Water dynamic pressure on right face of vertical wall

48.00

0.00

-237.60

292.80

5.80

0.00

3.30

-32.31

-6.67

-50.23

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

=

=

=

1.44

2.20

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

1.10

3.42

(0.12)

Safe

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

39.47

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

49.26

KN/m2

Safe

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

Left side Right side

(1)

(2)

1.50

3.00

3.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

e coefficient

24

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

eismic force

Left to right

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

5.63

90.00

120.00

240.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

278.40

0.00

-784.08

46.63

14.67

2028.45

-904.08

or of sliding (FSallowable)

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

5.70

Safe

is required.

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

(1)

(2)

1.50

3.00

3.00

3.00

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

Right to left

e coefficient

eismic force

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

5.63

90.00

120.00

240.00

-30.00

-90.00

278.40

24

278.40

0.00

-784.08

1967.15

-46.63

-14.67

-965.38

or of sliding (FSallowable)

is required.

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

3.15

Safe

Stability analysis

Case: C7) 1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood water in righ

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Water height above base slab (hw)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

0.90

1.50

0.333

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

1.20

Force description

Force (KN/m)

V

H

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (+x)

Water dynamic pressure on left face of vertical wall

254.40

3.75

3.75

154.40

60.00

234.40

1.50

2.35

2.00

2.00

-15.00

-154.40

48.00

93.76

18.60

-407.48

301.68

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

x

y

=

=

=

1.10

3.93

(0.63)

2.00

2.35

5.80

5.80

4.50

3.30

32.31

24.52

45.58

1.44

2.40

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Safe

i.e. resultant force acts at right from center of base slab.

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

19.48

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

71.93

KN/m2

Safe

Case: C8) 1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood water in righ

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Description

Sediment height above base slab (h s)

Structural material properties

Used material

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

degree

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

KN/m2

200

0.60

Allowable factor of safety for normal case

Allowable factor of safety for seismic case

0.90

1.50

1.20

SN

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Force description

Dead load

Self weight of the body

Primary load case

On left side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

Weight of water on slab

On right side

Wet sediment pressure on vertical wall

Water pressure on vertical wall

Weight of wet sediment on slab

0.333

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

Direction of seismic force

Force (KN/m)

V

H

254.40

x

y

3.75

3.75

154.40

60.00

234.40

1.50

2.35

2.00

2.00

-15.00

-154.40

48.00

2.00

2.35

5.80

9

10

11

12

13

Weight of water above divide wall

Uplift pressure on base slab

Seismic load case

Seismic force on the body (-x)

Water dynamic pressure on right face of vertical wall

93.76

18.60

-407.48

301.68

5.80

4.50

3.30

-32.31

-24.52

-68.08

eallowable=B/6

Allowable ecentricity

Distance of resultant force from point O (x=M/V)

Ecentricity

e=B/2-x

=

=

=

1.44

2.40

Allowable factor of sliding (FSallowable)

1.10

3.23

0.07

Safe

Friction coefficient ()

Factor of sliding

Allowable bearing capacity of the foundation (q a)

200

KN/m2

max=V/B.(1+6e/B)

48.57

KN/m2

min=V/B.(1-6e/B)

42.85

KN/m2

Safe

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

Left side Right side

(1)

(2)

1.50

3.00

5.86

5.86

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

e coefficient

24

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

eismic force

Left to right

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

5.63

363.32

120.00

468.80

-30.00

-363.32

278.40

543.81

83.70

-1344.70

46.63

58.94

2923.95

-1738.02

or of sliding (FSallowable)

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

3.57

Safe

is required.

the structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

base slab (h)

(1)

(2)

1.50

3.00

5.86

5.86

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

Right to left

e coefficient

eismic force

Moment (KN.m/m)

Res. M

Over. M

954.72

5.63

363.32

120.00

468.80

-30.00

-363.32

278.40

24

543.81

83.70

-1344.70

2818.37

-46.63

-58.94

-1843.59

or of sliding (FSallowable)

is required.

FS=KV/H

=

=

=

1.20

0.60

2.39

Safe

Stability analysis

Load combination

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

C7

C8

Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (+x)

Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

No sediment deposit, only water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (+x)

Water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood water in right side, seismic (+

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood water in right side, seismic (-

Load combination

Load combination

C8

Left end

Right end

48.57

42.85

Load combination

1.26

C2

Weight of dry/wet sediment and water above base slab at left side of divide wall

Description

C1

C3

C2

C4

Weight of sediment

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Weight of water

0.00

0.00

120.00

120.00

C5

60.00

120.00

Weight of dry/wet sediment and water above base slab at right side of divide wall

Description

C1

C3

C2

C4

Weight of sediment

48.00

48.00

48.00

48.00

Weight of water

48.00

48.00

48.00

48.00

C5

48.00

48.00

Description

C1

Water height above base slab (hw)

0.00

C2

C3

C4

C5

0.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

0.00

36.00

36.00

36.00

C2

C3

C4

C5

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

36.00

36.00

36.00

36.00

0.00

Description

C1

Water height above base slab (hw)

3.00

Uplift water pressure (KN/m )

2

36.00

Check for

overturning

Ecentricity Remarks

-0.65

Safe

-0.19

Safe

-0.99

Safe

-0.46

Safe

-0.54

Safe

-0.12

Safe

-0.63

Safe

0.07

Safe

evel of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

ood water in right side, seismic (+x)

ood water in right side, seismic (-x)

sure (KN/m2)

C6

60.00

120.00

C7

60.00

234.40

C7

Left end

Right end

19.48

71.93

C8

60.00

234.40

Bearing pressure at

F.S.

Remarks Left end Right end Remarks

4.52

Safe

14.27

55.91

Safe

1.26

Safe

29.14

41.04

Safe

5.24

Safe

3.52

67.02

Safe

2.33

Safe

20.41

50.13

Safe

5.70

Safe

22.58

66.14

Safe

3.15

Safe

39.47

49.26

Safe

3.57

Safe

19.48

71.93

Safe

2.39

Safe

48.57

42.85

Safe

C6

48.00

48.00

C7

48.00

93.76

C8

48.00

93.76

C6

C7

C8

3.00

5.86

36.00

1.00

5.86

Unit weight of water (w)

61.74

61.74

0.90

C6

C7

C8

3.00

5.86

5.86

36.00

61.74

61.74

10

KN/m3

55.91

14.27

41.04

29.14

67.02

3.52

50.13

20.41

66.14

22.58

49.26

39.47

71.93

19.48

42.85

48.57

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

C7

C8

Input data

Geometry of structure

Height of divide wall above base slab (H)

Width of divide wall (b)

Left projection of base slab (b1)

Right projection of base slab (b2)

Total width of base slab (B)

Thickness of base slab (h)

Height of sediment above base slab (h s)

Height of water above base slab (hw)

Sediment properties

Angle of internal friction of sediment ()

Coefficient of sediment pressure (Ka)

30.00

20

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

degree

0.333

Used material

Unit weight of Concrete

Water properties

Unit weight of water (w)

Other properties

Seismic force coefficient (Ks)

Uplift pressure coefficient

Thickness of divide wall is governed by maximum bending moment. It is determined by assuming singly reinforced balanced section.

Take concrete grade C25 & steel grade Fe500.

Characteristic strength of steel (fy)

=

500

N/mm2

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

25

N/mm2

=

=

=

200000

92.39

1.5

N/mm2

KN.m/m

138.58

KN.m/m

0.456

1.00

Assume,

diameter of steel bar ()

Clear cover

=

=

=

204.13

20

75

mm

mm

mm

Provided thickness of divide wall

Result

=

=

=

289.13

mm

1000

mm

Safe thickness

Taking load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu,l)

Taking equation

M u ,l

bd 2

0.36 f ck

Where,

xu , l

d

x u ,l

x

1 0.416 u ,l

d

d

0.0035

0.0055 0.87

B) Main reinforcement

fy

Es

Design of tensile steel bars are calculated by assuming singly under-reinforced section i.e. M u<Mu,l

For singly reinforced balanced section,

Depth of neutral section (xu,l)

Length of divide wall (b)

M u ,l 0.36 f ck bx u ,l ( d 0.416 xu ,l )

=

=

=

417.26

1000.00

2784.30

mm

mm

KN.m/m

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

1000.00

75

20

915.00

92.39

1.5

138.58

mm

mm

mm

mm

KN.m/m

Clear cover

Diameter of tensile steel bar ()

Effective depth at bottom of divide wall (d)

Maximum moment at bottom of divide wall (M)

Load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu)

KN.m/m

Required area of tensile steel bars are calculated by following equation.

Ast

Thus,

Mu

0.87 f y ( d 0.416 xu )

Ast

Trial Ast

Where,

xu

0.87 f y Ast

0.36 f ck b

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast

Remarks

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

< Mu,l

Trial Ast

Ast

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

350.87

Remarks

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

OK

1750.00

1750.00

350.87

Theoritical distance of 1st curtailment from bottom of divide wall

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

Clear cover

Diameter of tensile steel bar ()

Effective depth at 1st curtail point of divide wall (d)

Moment at 1st curtail point (M)

Load factor

Ultimate moment (Mu)

Length of the divide wall (b)

Required area of tensile steel bars are calculated by following equation.

Ast

Thus,

Mu

0.87 f y ( d 0.416 xu )

Ast

Trial Ast

0.00

Where,

xu

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

m

mm

mm

mm

mm

KN.m/m

KN.m/m

mm

0.87 f y Ast

0.36 f ck b

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

0.00

Remarks

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

0.00

0.00

0.00

max of 0 or 12x0

(max of d or 12)

Thus, actual distance of 1st curtailment of bar from bottom of divide wall

Main reinforcement

Segment Curtailmen Bar size

t distance

(mm)

Bottom of

divide wall

20

C/c

spacing

(mm)

170

(mm2/m)

meter

(mm2/m)

1848.00

1848.00

=

=

=

0.00

0.00

0.00

Ast,required

(mm2/m)

Check

1750.00

OK

mm

m

m

Result

1st curtail

C) Distribution bar

Length of divide wall (b)

Required area of distribution bar on one side

Segment

Bottom

1 curtail

st

Gross

Required

thickness bar area

(mm)

(mm2/m)

1000.00

800.00

=

=

1000.00

0.08

Bar size

(mm)

Required

c/c

spacing

(mm)

Provided

c/c

spacing

(mm)

16

251.33

250

mm

% of gross area

Result

Segment

Bottom of

divide wall

Undersluice side

Curtailmen Bar size

C/c

Ast per

t distance

(mm)

spacing

meter

(mm)

(mm2/m)

20

170

1848.00

Bar size

(mm)

Weir side

C/c

spacing

(mm)

20

170

Ast per

meter

(mm2/m)

Ref: SN SINHA

Crack width on tension face (mm

under a

midway

bar

between

bars

1848.00

No crack

No crack

1st curtail

Segment

Bottom of

divide wall

Undersluice side

Curtailmen Bar size

C/c

Ast per

t distance

(mm)

spacing

meter

(mm)

(mm2/m)

20

170

1848.00

Bar size

(mm)

Weir side

C/c

spacing

(mm)

20

170

Ast per

meter

(mm2/m)

1848.00

Crack width on tension face (mm

under a

midway

bar

between

bars

No crack

1st curtail

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

25

N/mm2

1848.00

mm2/m

0.20

No crack

0.33

N/mm2

118.29

KN/m

0.13

N/mm2

< uc

structure

de wall above base slab (H)

4.00

1.00

m

m

4.00

1.60

6.60

1.00

m

m

m

3.00

3.00

base slab (h)

ment above base slab (hs)

material properties

Concrete

water (w)

coefficient (Ks)

e coefficient

24

KN/m3

10

KN/m3

0.127

0.90

balanced section.

Check,

% of tensile steel bar for Mu

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

p 50

1 1

0.04

=

=

p/100*bd

351.03

mm2/m

0.00

=

=

p/100*bd

0.00

mm2/m

Check,

% of tensile steel bar for Mu

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

1 1

p 50

m @ 170 mm c/c

area of steel bars

bars

steel bars (Kg/m3)

(%/m3)

100.00%

14.51

0.18%

distn bars steel bars

bars

2

3

(mm /m)

(Kg/m )

(%/m3)

804.25

6.31

0.08%

bottom at 2/3(d-x)

corner

from N.A.

No crack

No crack

Undersluice side

Weir side

n

Main bars Dist bars Main bars Distn bars

14.51

6.31

14.51

6.31

Total

(Kg/m3)

41.64

% of steel

bars

(%/m3)

0.53%

E 456, 2000

width on tension face (mm)

bottom at 2/3(d-x)

corner

from N.A.

No crack

No crack

Table 19

p (%)

0.15

M

15

20

25

30

35

0.28

0.28

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.25

0.35

0.36

0.36

0.37

0.37

0.50

0.46

0.48

0.49

0.50

0.50

0.75

0.54

0.56

0.57

0.59

0.59

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

2.50

2.75

3.00

& above

0.60

0.64

0.68

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.62

0.67

0.72

0.75

0.79

0.81

0.82

0.82

0.82

0.64

0.70

0.74

0.78

0.82

0.85

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.66

0.71

0.76

0.80

0.84

0.88

0.91

0.94

0.96

0.67

0.73

0.78

0.82

0.86

0.90

0.93

0.96

0.99

0.32

0.32

0.33

0.33

0.33

main reinforcement

distribution bar

10

12

16

mm

mm

mm

4.75

7

8

mm

mm

mm

20

mm

10

mm

25

28

32

36

40

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

12

16

20

mm

mm

mm

Grade of concrete

15

20

25

30

35

40

Force

Force

Water

45.00

1.00

45.00

Wet sediment

Water dynamic

Body seismic

15.00

6.67

12.19

1.00

1.20

2.00

15.00

8.00

24.38

Sum

78.86

Force

Water

Sediment

Water dynamic

Body seismic

Sum

Force

45.00

15.00

6.67

12.19

78.86

4.00

2.00

12.19

KN

92.39

1.00

45.00

1.00

15.00

1.20

8.00

2.00

24.38

92.39

6.67

1.20

4.00

Water height

3.00

3.00

M

40

0.30

& above

0.38

0.51

0.60

0.68

0.74

0.79

0.84

0.88

0.92

0.95

0.98

1.01

0.34

KN

I) LC=

C1

Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (+x)

6.00 KN/m

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

1.00

1.60

55.91

14.27

KN/m

KN/m

Y

Bearing pressure

Tension face

13.62

12.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

Tension face

191.65

127.19

II) LC=

Weight of water above slab (

KN.m/m

KN/m

C2

39.51

45.82

KN/m

KN/m2

6.60

0.00

36.00

KN/m2

KN/m2

21.82

27.27

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN.m/m

KN/m

Uplift pressure

Empty in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (-x)

6.00 KN/m2

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Tension face

4.00

1.00

1.60

262.53

150.62

III) LC=

KN.m/m

KN/m

41.04

Description

Weight of water above slab (

29.14

KN/m

KN/m

Y

Bearing pressure

Compression face

Tension face

2.34

6.02

KN.m/m

KN/m

36.35

38.16

KN/m

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

6.60

0.00

36.00

KN/m2

KN/m2

C3

21.82

27.27

KN/m2

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

No sediment deposit, only water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of

36.00 KN/m

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

1.00

1.60

67.02

3.52

Tension face

130.81

91.06

KN/m2

Y

KN.m/m

KN/m

42.01

51.63

KN/m2

KN/m2

6.60

Bearing pressure

Tension face

29.30

32.52

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

36.00

KN/m

KN/m2

36.00

36.00

KN/m

KN/m2

IV) LC=

KN/m2

36.00

2

C4

Weight of water above slab (

KN.m/m

KN/m

Uplift pressure

Water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir in right side, seismic (

36.00 KN/m2

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

O

20.41

1.00

1.60

50.13

KN/m2

Weight of water above slab (

Weight of slab (KN)

Tension face

211.33

117.67

KN/m2

Y

KN.m/m

KN/m

38.43

42.93

KN/m

KN/m2

6.60

11.18

12.05

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

36.00

36.00

KN/m

KN/m2

36.00

36.00

KN/m

KN/m2

V) LC=

Bearing pressure

Tension face

C5

KN.m/m

KN/m

Uplift pressure

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest leve

51.00 KN/m2

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

1.00

1.60

66.14

22.58

KN/m

KN/m

Y

Tension face

131.07

Weight of water above slab (

KN.m/m

48.98

55.58

Bearing pressure

Tension face

KN/m

KN/m2

30.24

KN.m/m

83.13

KN/m

6.60

34.98

36.00

36.00

KN/m

KN/m2

VI) LC=

C6

36.00

36.00

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m

C.G. of water pressure from d

Uplift pressure

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & water upto crest level of weir in left side, wet sediment upto crest leve

51.00 KN/m

75.00 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

1.00

1.60

49.26

39.47

Tension face

211.58

109.74

KN/m2

Y

KN.m/m

KN/m

36.00

KN/m

Bearing pressure

Tension face

12.12

14.51

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

45.40

46.88

KN/m2

KN/m2

6.60

Weight of water above slab (

36.00

KN.m/m

KN/m

KN/m2

VII) LC=

C7

KN/m2

36.00

36.00

KN/m2

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood

79.60 KN/m

103.60 KN/m2

Compression face

Compression face

Description

4.00

1.00

1.60

71.93

19.48

Tension face

97.75

70.07

KN/m

Bearing pressure

Tension face

33.07

37.95

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

KN/m2

Y

KN.m/m

KN/m

51.27

59.22

KN/m2

KN/m2

6.60

61.74

61.74

KN/m

KN/m2

61.74

61.74

Weight of water above slab (

KN.m/m

KN/m

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

VIII) LC=

C8

KN/m2

1.5 m wet sediment deposit & flood water in left side, wet sediment upto crest level of weir and flood

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

KN/m

Y

2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from d

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Weight of water above slab (

Uplift pressure

Left slab

Moment

Shear

force

Max

LC

191.65

262.53

130.81

211.33

131.07

211.58

97.75

236.41

236.41

C8

127.19

150.62

91.06

117.67

83.13

109.74

70.07

115.90

117.67

Right slab

Moment

Shear

force

13.62

2.34

29.30

11.18

30.24

12.12

33.07

1.86

33.07

C7

12.00

6.02

32.52

12.05

34.98

14.51

37.95

2.69

37.95

LC

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

C7

C8

Extream case

Extream case

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

0.00

0.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

24.00

120.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

0.00

43.64

1.33

36.00

50.62

0.84

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

0.00

0.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

24.00

120.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

0.00

43.64

1.33

36.00

50.62

0.84

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

(1)

(2)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

0.00

120.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

144.00

120.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

36.00

144.00

2.00

36.00

57.60

0.80

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

Weight of slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

0.00

120.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

144.00

120.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

36.00

144.00

2.00

36.00

57.60

0.80

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

60.00

120.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

204.00

120.00

36.00

36.00

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

144.00

2.00

57.60

0.80

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

60.00

120.00

48.00

48.00

24.00

24.00

204.00

120.00

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

36.00

144.00

2.00

36.00

57.60

0.80

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

rest level of weir and flood water in right side, seismic (+x)

KN/m2

Description

Weight of dry/wet sediment above slab (KN)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

(1)

(2)

60.00

234.40

48.00

93.76

24.00

24.00

318.40

165.76

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

61.74

246.96

2.00

61.74

98.78

0.80

KN/m2

Y

KN/m2

KN/m2

KN/m2

rest level of weir and flood water in right side, seismic (-x)

79.60 KN/m2

Compression face

Description

(1)

(2)

4.00

Weight of water above slab (KN)

48.57

KN/m2

Y

Tension face

Uplift water pressure (KN)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

2

236.41

115.90

KN.m/m

KN/m

45.10

KN/m2

6.60

61.74

KN/m2

61.74

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of water above slab (KN)

KN/m

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

Left side

(1)

KN/m2

Description

Weight of water above slab (KN)

KN/m

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Left side

(1)

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Left side

(1)

Weight of water above slab (KN)

KN/m2

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

X

KN/m2

Weight of water above slab (KN)

Weight of slab (KN)

Left side

(1)

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN/m2)

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

X

KN/m

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Weight of water above slab (KN)

Left side

(1)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

X

KN/m

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Weight of water above slab (KN)

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

Left side

(1)

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

KN/m2

KN/m2

Description

Weight of water above slab (KN)

KN/m

Bearing pressure

KN/m2

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

KN/m2

Uplift pressure

Left side

(1)

KN/m2

103.60 KN/m2

Compression face

Description

1.00

1.60

42.85

44.24

KN/m2

24.00

Bearing pressure

Tension face

318.40

1.86

2.69

Uplift water pressure (KN/m)

C.G. of water pressure from divide wall

61.74

246.96

2.00

KN/m2

KN/m2

60.00

234.40

KN/m2

KN.m/m

KN/m

61.74

61.74

Weight of water above slab (KN)

Left side

(1)

Uplift pressure

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

Right side

(2)

48.00

93.76

24.00

165.76

61.74

98.78

0.80

A) Check provided thickness of left projected base slab at its junction with divide wall

Thickness of left projected base slab is governed by maximum bending moment. It is determined by assuming singly reinforced balanced se

Take concrete grade C25 & steel grade Fe500.

Characteristic strength of steel (fy)

=

500

N/mm2

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

=

25

N/mm2

Young's modulus of elasticity of steel (E s)

=

=

=

200000

236.41

1.50

N/mm2

KN.m/m

354.62

KN.m/m

0.456

1.00

Assume,

diameter of steel bar ()

Clear cover

=

=

=

326.55

25

75

mm

mm

mm

Provided thickness of left projected base slab

Result

=

=

=

414.05

mm

1000

mm

Safe thickness

Taking load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu,l)

Taking equation

M u ,l

bd 2

0.36 f ck

Where,

xu , l

d

x u ,l

x

1 0.416 u ,l

d

d

0.0035

0.0055 0.87

fy

Es

B) Main reinforcement

Design of tensile steel bars are calculated by assuming singly under-reinforced section i.e. M u<Mu,l

For singly reinforced balanced section,

Depth of neutral section (xu,l)

Width of left projected base slab (b)

For singly under-reinforced section,

Gross thickness of left projected base slab (D)

Clear cover

Diameter of tensile steel bar ()

Effective depth (d)

Maximum moment at junction of divide wall (M)

Load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu)

=

=

=

416.12

1000.00

2769.11

mm

mm

KN.m/m

=

=

=

=

=

=

1000.00

75

25

912.50

236.41

1.50

mm

mm

mm

mm

KN.m/m

354.62

KN.m/m

Required area of tensile steel bars are calculated by following equation.

Ast

Thus,

Mu

0.87 f y ( d 0.416 xu )

Ast

Trial Ast

Where,

xu

0.87 f y Ast

0.36 f ck b

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast

Remarks

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

< Mu,l

Trial Ast

Ast

Tension

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

OK

1551.25

1551.25

Ast,required

(mm2/m)

Check

Remarks

1551.25

OK

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

911.71

Face

Remarks

Mu

911.71

Bar size

(mm)

C/c

spacing

(mm)

25

250

(mm2/m)

meter

(mm2/m)

1963.50

1963.50

C) Distribution bar

Length of left projected base slab (b)

Required area of distribution bar on one side

Face

Tension

Gross

Required

thickness bar area

(mm)

(mm2/m)

1000.00

800.00

=

=

1000.00

0.08

Bar size

(mm)

Required

c/c

spacing

(mm)

Provided

c/c

spacing

(mm)

16

251.33

250

mm

% of gross area

Remarks

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

25

N/mm2

1963.50

mm2/m

0.22

0.34

N/mm2

117.67

KN/m

0.13

N/mm2

Clear cover to bars

Thickness of the member (D)

Effective depth for tensile bar (d)

Effective depth for compression bar (d')

Length of the member (b)

Diameter of tensile bar (t)

=

=

=

=

=

75.00

1000.00

912.50

85.00

1000.00

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

25

mm

20

mm

1963.50

mm2/m

=

=

0.00

250.00

mm2/m

mm

354.62

25

KN.m/m

N/mm2

2.00E+05

N/mm2

2.50E+04

N/mm2

8.00

Ultimate bending moment (Mu)

m = Es/Ec

Modular ratio

Ec = 5000*fck1/2

p = Ast/bd

0.0021518

Allowable crack width

p' = Asc/bd

=

=

0.0000000

0.20

mm

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

acr

nearest longitudinal bar

75.00

mm

cmin

= Overall depth of the member

=

=

75.00

1000.00

mm

mm

-5.30E-04

D

em

0.7bt D a ' x

1

10 3

Ast D x f s

where,

a'

bt

crack width is being calculated

1000.00

mm

1000.00

mm

1.17E-03

209.75

N/mm2

154.33

mm

f s D x

Es d x

x

Icr

fs m

M

d x

I cr

d'

2

x m 2 p 1.5 p ' 2m p 1.5 p '

d

face

1

m p 1.5 p ' d

= moment of inertia of the cracked section considering equivalent area of tension and compression

reinforcement

I cr b x

2

1.03E+10

II) Surface crack width at a point on the tension face midway between two bars

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

acr

140.08

mm

em

-5.30E-04

cmin

=

=

=

75.00

1000.00

154.33

mm

mm

mm

No crack

mm

acr

111.24

mm

em

-5.30E-04

cmin

=

=

=

75.00

1000.00

154.33

Safe

Where,

D

x

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Where,

D

x

mm

mm

mm

Safe

mm4

Maximum crack width will occur at a distance of 2/3(d-x) from neutral axis

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

acr

nearest longitudinal bar

254.94

mm

cmin

= Overall depth of the member

=

=

75.00

1000.00

mm

mm

-3.17E-04

D

em

1

where,

a'

bt

crack width is being calculated

659.78

mm

1000.00

mm

6.99E-04

209.75

N/mm2

154.33

mm

1.03E+10

mm4

fs

2

d x

E s d x 3

x

Icr

0.7bt D a ' x

10 3

Ast D x f s

fs m

M

d x

I cr

equivalent area of tension and compression reinforcement

equivalent area of tension and compression reinforcement

Check,

% of steel bar for Mu

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

p 50

1 1

0.10

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

1 1

p 50

Top

Bottom

p/100*bd

912.07

mm2/m

Area

(mm2/m)

Area

(mm2/m)

1256.64

1963.50

Weight

(Kg/m3)

9.86

15.41

Weight

(Kg/m3)

804.25

804.25

Table 19

6.31

6.31

Sub-total

weight

(Kg/m3)

16.18

21.73

Total

weight

(Kg/m3)

37.90

% of steel

bars

(%/m3)

0.48%

M

15

20

25

30

35

0.15

0.28

0.28

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.25

0.35

0.36

0.36

0.37

0.37

p (%)

< uc

0.50

0.46

0.48

0.49

0.50

0.50

0.75

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

2.50

2.75

3.00

0.54

0.60

0.64

0.68

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.56

0.62

0.67

0.72

0.75

0.79

0.81

0.82

0.82

0.82

0.57

0.64

0.70

0.74

0.78

0.82

0.85

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.59

0.66

0.71

0.76

0.80

0.84

0.88

0.91

0.94

0.96

0.59

0.67

0.73

0.78

0.82

0.86

0.90

0.93

0.96

0.99

0.33

0.33

0.34

0.34

0.34

& above

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Safe

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

0.08

mm

m 1

bt D x a ' x

3Es Ast d x

3.69E-04

M d x

E c I cr

1.05E-03

d

d x

D x

1.17E-03

b x2

1.5m 1 Asc x d ' m Ast d x

2

Solving,

154.33

154.33

mm

I cr b x

2

1.03E+10

mm4

II) Surface crack width at a point on the tension face midway between two bars

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

0.13

mm

0.11

mm

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Maximum crack width will occur at a distance of 2/3(d-x) from neutral axis

Safe

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

0.31

mm

bt D x a ' x

1

3Es Ast d x

5.70E-04

a'

=

659.78

Strain in concrete at the level of steel

M d x

E c I cr

mm

1.05E-03

d

dx

2

d x

3

1.05E-03

x

=

154.33

mm

I cr b x

2

1.03E+10

mm4

I cr b x

2

main reinforcement

distribution bar

10

mm

4.75

12

mm

16

20

25

mm

mm

mm

8

10

12

28

32

36

40

mm

mm

mm

mm

16

20

M

40

0.30

0.38

& above

0.51

0.60

0.68

0.74

0.79

0.84

0.88

0.92

0.95

0.98

1.01

0.35

distribution bar

Grade of concrete

mm

15

mm

20

mm

mm

mm

25

30

35

mm

mm

40

A) Check provided thickness of right projected base slab at its junction with divide wall

Thickness of right projected base slab is governed by maximum bending moment. It is determined by assuming singly reinforced balanced

Take concrete grade C25 & steel grade Fe500.

Characteristic strength of steel (fy)

=

500

N/mm2

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

25

N/mm2

=

=

=

=

200000

33.07

1.50

49.60

N/mm2

KN.m/m

0.456

1.00

Assume,

diameter of steel bar ()

Clear cover

=

=

=

122.13

25

75

mm

mm

mm

Provided thickness of right projected base slab

Result

=

=

=

209.63

mm

1000

mm

Safe thickness

Taking load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu,l)

Taking equation

M u ,l

bd 2

0.36 f ck

Where,

xu , l

d

KN.m/m

x u ,l

x

1 0.416 u ,l

d

d

0.0035

0.0055 0.87

fy

Es

B) Main reinforcement

Design of tensile steel bars are calculated by assuming singly under-reinforced section i.e. M u<Mu,l

For singly reinforced balanced section,

Depth of neutral section (xu,l)

Width of right projected base slab (b)

For singly under-reinforced section,

Gross thickness of right projected base slab (D)

Clear cover

Diameter of tensile steel bar ()

Effective depth (d)

Maximum moment at junction of divide wall (M)

Load factor

Maximum ultimate moment (Mu)

=

=

=

416.12

1000.00

2769.11

mm

mm

KN.m/m

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

1000.00

75

25

912.50

33.07

1.50

49.60

mm

mm

mm

mm

KN.m/m

KN.m/m

Required area of tensile steel bars are calculated by following equation.

Ast

Thus,

Mu

0.87 f y ( d 0.416 xu )

Ast

Trial Ast

Where,

xu

0.87 f y Ast

0.36 f ck b

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast

Remarks

Mu

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

< Mu,l

Trial Ast

Ast

Tension

Ast,min

(mm2/m)

Ast,req

(mm2/m)

OK

1551.25

1551.25

Ast,required

(mm2/m)

Check

Remarks

1551.25

OK

0.87 f y Ast

0.87 f y d 0.416

0.36 f ck b

125.31

Face

Remarks

Mu

125.31

Bar size

(mm)

C/c

spacing

(mm)

25

150

(mm2/m)

meter

(mm2/m)

3272.49

3272.49

C) Distribution bar

Length of right projected base slab (b)

Required area of distribution bar on one side

Face

Tension

Gross

Required

thickness bar area

(mm)

(mm2/m)

1000.00

800.00

=

=

1000.00

0.08

Bar size

(mm)

Required

c/c

spacing

(mm)

Provided

c/c

spacing

(mm)

16

251.33

250

mm

% of gross area

Remarks

Characteristic strength of concrete (fck)

25

N/mm2

Percentage of provided steel bars (P = 100*Ast,provided/bd)

=

=

3272.49

0.36

mm2/m

%

Ultimate shear force at junction of divide wall (V u)

=

=

0.42

37.95

N/mm2

KN/m

0.04

N/mm2

Clear cover to bars

Thickness of the member (D)

Effective depth for tensile bar (d)

Effective depth for compression bar (d')

Length of the member (b)

Diameter of tensile bar (t)

Diameter of compression bar (c)

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

75.00

1000.00

912.50

85.00

1000.00

25

20

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

3272.49

mm2/m

C/c spacing of tensile bar (S)

Ultimate bending moment (Mu)

=

=

=

0.00

150.00

49.60

25

mm2/m

mm

KN.m/m

N/mm2

=

=

=

=

=

=

2.00E+05 N/mm2

2.50E+04 N/mm2

8.00

0.0035863

0.0000000

0.20

mm

No crack

m = Es/Ec

Modular ratio

Percentage of tensile bars

Percentage of compression bars

Allowable crack width

Ec = 5000*fck1/2

p = Ast/bd

p' = Asc/bd

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

mm

acr

cmin

D

em

nearest longitudinal bar

= minimum cover to the longitudinal bar

= Overall depth of the member

= average strain at the level at which cracking is being considered

0.7bt D a ' x

1

10 3

Ast D x f s

where,

a'

bt

75.00

mm

=

=

75.00

1000.00

mm

mm

-1.19E-02

crack width is being calculated

1000.00

mm

1000.00

mm

1.00E-04

17.88

f s D x

Es d x

x

fs m

M

d x

I cr

N/mm2

1

d' 2

2

2

x m p 1.5 p ' 2m p 1.5 p '

m p 1.5 p ' d

=

193.96

mm

d

= moment of inertia of the cracked section considering equivalent area of tension and compression

reinforcement

Icr

I cr b x

2

II) Surface crack width at a point on the tension face midway between two bars

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

1.59E+10

mm4

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Where,

acr

em

cmin

D

x

No crack

mm

=

=

=

=

=

102.74

-1.19E-02

75.00

1000.00

193.96

mm

No crack

mm

=

=

=

=

=

111.24

-1.19E-02

75.00

1000.00

193.96

mm

Safe

mm

mm

mm

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Where,

acr

em

cmin

D

x

Safe

mm

mm

mm

Maximum crack width will occur at a distance of 2/3(d-x) from neutral axis

Wcr

acr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

nearest longitudinal bar

No crack

mm

242.49

mm

cmin

D

em

nearest longitudinal bar

= minimum cover to the longitudinal bar

= Overall depth of the member

= average strain at the level at which cracking is being considered

0.7bt D a ' x

1

10 3

Ast D x f s

where,

a'

bt

mm

=

=

75.00

1000.00

mm

mm

-7.05E-03

crack width is being calculated

672.99

mm

1000.00

mm

5.96E-05

17.88

N/mm2

193.96

mm

1.59E+10

mm4

fs

2

d x

E s d x 3

Icr

242.49

fs m

M

d x

I cr

= moment of inertia of the cracked section considering

equivalent area of tension and compression reinforcement

Check,

% of steel bar for Mu

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

p 50

1 1

0.01

4.6 M u

.

f ck bd 2

fy

f ck

1 1

p 50

Top

Bottom

=

=

p/100*bd

125.38

Area

(mm2/m)

Area

(mm2/m)

2094.40

3272.49

Weight

(Kg/m3)

16.44

25.69

Weight

(Kg/m3)

804.25

804.25

Table 19

< uc

mm2/m

6.31

6.31

Sub-total

weight

(Kg/m3)

22.75

32.00

Total

weight

(Kg/m3)

54.76

% of steel

bars

(%/m3)

0.70%

M

p (%)

0.15

15

0.28

20

0.28

25

0.29

30

0.29

35

0.29

0.25

0.50

0.35

0.46

0.36

0.48

0.36

0.49

0.37

0.50

0.37

0.50

0.75

0.54

0.56

0.57

0.59

0.59

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

2.50

2.75

3.00

& above

0.60

0.64

0.68

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.71

0.62

0.67

0.72

0.75

0.79

0.81

0.82

0.82

0.82

0.64

0.70

0.74

0.78

0.82

0.85

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.66

0.71

0.76

0.80

0.84

0.88

0.91

0.94

0.96

0.67

0.73

0.78

0.82

0.86

0.90

0.93

0.96

0.99

0.40

0.41

0.42

0.43

0.43

Safe

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

m 1

bt D x a ' x

3Es Ast d x

-3.60E-04

M d x

E c I cr

8.94E-05

d

dx

D x

1.00E-04

b x2

1.5m 1 Asc x d ' m Ast d x

2

Solving,

I cr b x

193.96

2

193.96

mm

1.59E+10

mm4

II) Surface crack width at a point on the tension face midway between two bars

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

No crack

mm

Wcr

3a cr e m

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

Maximum crack width will occur at a distance of 2/3(d-x) from neutral axis

Safe

Wcr

3a cr em

a c min

1 2 cr

Dx

No crack

mm

bt D x a ' x

1

3Es Ast d x

-1.84E-04

a'

=

672.99

Strain in concrete at the level of steel

M d x

E c I cr

mm

8.94E-05

d

dx

2

d x

3

8.94E-05

x

=

193.96

mm

I cr b x

2

1.59E+10

mm4

main reinforcement

10

12

16

20

25

28

32

36

40

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

distribution bar

4.75

7

8

10

12

16

20

M

40

0.30

0.38

0.51

0.60

& above

0.68

0.74

0.79

0.84

0.88

0.92

0.95

0.98

1.01

0.44

distribution bar

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Grade of concrete

15

20

25

30

35

40

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