Question bank - Cryogenic Engg

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Question bank - Cryogenic Engg

© All Rights Reserved

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(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Subject: 022001 APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR CRYOGENIC ENGINEERS

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME : 3hours

PART A

(10X2=10 MARKS)

2. Define one dimensional heat equation.

x

F ( x, y , y , y

1

11

stationary value.

dx to take on a

x

F ( x, y, z, y , z )dx

1

to take

on a stationary value.

5. If f(x) = kx2; 0<x<3 is a pdf of X, find the value of k.

6. If X and Y are independent random variables with variance 2 and 3 . find

the variance of 3X + 4Y .

7. Customers arrive at the first class ticket counter of a theatre at a rate of 12

per hour. There is one clerk servicing the customers at the rate of 30 per

hour, what is the probability that there is no customer at the counter.

8. Define Poisson process.

9. Write Bender Schmidt Formula.

10.

State Diagonal five point formula.

PART B

11.

(a )

(5X16=80 MARKS)

conditions

(i)

u = 0 when x = 0 , t > 0,

(ii)

u = 1 ; 0<x<1

(b)

0 ; x 1 when t = 0,

(iii)

u(x, t) is bounded.

(16)

(OR)

If the initial temperature of an infinite bar is given by (x) = 0 for |

x| <a, 0 for |x|>a Determine the temperature at any instant x and

at any instant t.

(16)

x

(16 y

12.

y 11 x 2 )dx

.

(8)

(ii) Find the path on which a particle in the absence of friction will slide

from one point to another in the shortest time under the action of

gravity.

(8)

(OR)

(b)(i) Show that the straight line is the shortest distance between two points

in a plane.

(8)

(ii) A curve C joining the points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is revolved about the x

axis. Find the shape of the curve so that the surface thus generated

is a minimum.

(8)

6 dice are thrown 729 times. How many times do you expect at least

three dice to show a five or six ?

(8)

(ii) The density function of a random variable X is given by f(x)= K x (2-x),

0x2

(b) (i)

(8)

(OR)

The probability distribution function of a random variable X is

2 x

f(x)=

,0 x 1

,1 x 2

,x 2

.

(8)

(ii)

,0 x 1

2x

, otherwise

find (i)

P X

2

1

1

x

2

4

(ii ) P

3

1

(iii ) P X / X

4

2

(8)

14. (a) (i) A one man barber shop has a total of 10 seats. Inter arrival times are

exponentially distributed and an average of 20 prospective customers

arrive each hour at the shop, those customers who find the shop full

do not enter. The barber takes an average of 12 minutes to cut each

customers hair. Haircut times are exponentially distributed. (i) On

the average, how much time will be spent in the shop by a customer

who enters?

(8)

(ii) On the average, how many haircuts per hour will the barber

complete?

(8)

(OR)

(b)

outside at server 1 , and an average of 17 customers per hour arrive

from outside at server 2. Interarrival times are exponential. Server 1

can serve at an exponential rate of 20 customers per hour, and server

2 can serve at an exponential rate of 30 customers per hour. After

completing service at server 1 , half of the customers leave the

system , and half go to server 2. After completing service at server 2,

of the customers complete service and return to server 1.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Find the expected number of customers at each server.

Find the average time a customer spends in the system.

(16)

Solve the poisson equation Uxx + Uyy = -10( x2+y2+10 ) over the square

15. (a)

x = 0, y = 0, x = 3, y = 3 and u = 0

on the

(16)

(OR)

u u

t x 2

2

u( 0, t ) = u(5, t ) = 0 and

u(x,0) = x 2(25 x2). taking h = 1, k =

(8)

u 1 u

t 16 x 2

2

(ii)

u( 0, t ) = u(1, t ) = 0. Compute u for one time step, take h= .

(8)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022001 APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR CRYOGENIC ENGINEERS

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

PART A

2. Define Laplace wquation.

(10X2=10 MARKS)

F ( x, y , y , y

1

11

stationary value.

dx to take on a

x

F ( x, y, z, y , z )dx

1

on a stationary value.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

to take

State Bayes theorem

What is meant by Queue discipline ? Name Some Queue discipline .

What are the characteristics of Kendalls Notation for a Queue system?

Write Crank Nicholson Formula.

10.

PART B

11.

(a )

(5X16=80 MARKS)

conditions

(i)

u = 0 when x = 0 , t > 0,

(ii)

u=1 ;0<x<1

0 ; x 1

when t = 0, (iii) u(x, t) is bounded.

(16)

(OR)

(b)

12.

x|

<a,

0 for |x|>a Determine the temperature at any instant x and at any

instant t. (16)

(ii) Find the path on which a particle in the absence of friction will slide

from one point to another in the shortest time under the action of

gravity.

(16)

(OR)

(b) (i) Show that straight line is the shortest distance between two points in

a plane.

(8)

13. (a) (i) Sate and prove memoryless property of Geometric distribution.

(ii)

(8)

(8)

Probability that the machine will function for a month.

(8)

(OR)

(b) (i) The density function of a random variable X is given by f(x)=

k x (2 x) 2 for 0 x 2

Otherwise

Find (i) K (ii) Mean and variance of the distribution.

14. (a)

(8)

(8)

average time of 9minutes between one arrival and the next. The

length of a phone call is assumed to be distributed exponentially with

mean 3 minutes.

(i) What is the probability that a person arriving at the booth will

have to wait?

(ii) What is the average length of the queue that forms from time to

time?

convinced that an arrival would expect to have to wait at least three

minutes for the phone. By how much must the flow of arrivals be

increased in order to justify second booth?

(iv) What is probability that an arrival will have to wait for more than

10 minutes before the phone is free?

(v) what is the probability that an arrival will have to wait for more

than 10 mins before the phone is available and the call is also

completed?

(16)

(OR)

(b)

A one man barber shop has a total of 10 seats. Inter arrival times are

exponentially distributed and an average of 20 prospective customers

arrive each hour at the shop, those customers who find the shop full

do not enter. The barber takes an average of 12 minutes to cut each

customers hair. Haircut times are exponentially distributed. (i) On

the average, how much time will be spent in the shop by a customer

who enters?

15. (a)

Solve

tPoisson

(16)

equation

2u 2u

81xy,0 x 1,0 y 1

x 2 y 2

and

length h = 1/3.

(b)

(16)

(OR)

Solve the laplace equation 2u = 0 inside the square region bounded

by the lines x = 0, x = 4, y = 0, y = 4 given that u = x 2y2 on the

boundary.

(16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Subject: 022002 ELEMENTS OF CRYOGENIC ENGINEERING

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Define Cryogenics.

State the applications of Helium 4.

What is seebeck effect?

Write down the difference between pure metal and non metal sensor?

What is the need for insulation?

List down the types of insulation?

Write a note about physical hazard.

Write a note about Oxygen hazard.

State the space application of Cryogenics.

State the uses of Cryosurgery.

PART B

(16X5= 80 MARKS)

(10X2=10 MARKS)

(8)

Liquid Oxygen

Liquid Argon

(4+4)

(OR)

(b)

12.

(a)

(16)

techniques:

(i)

(ii)

McLeod Gauge

Diaphragm Gauge

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

13. (a)

techniques:

(i)

Electric resistance gauge

(ii)

Capacitance liquid gauge

(8+8)

What is multilayer

application?

insulation?

Write

down

their

types

and

(16)

(OR)

14.

(b)

(16)

(a)

(16)

(OR)

(b)

15.

(a)

Write short notes on the following:

(i)

Space applications

(ii)

Mechanical applications

(16)

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

(i)

Gas industry applications

(ii)

Medical applications

(8+8)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022002 ELEMENTS OF CRYOGENIC ENGINEERING

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

2. List down the properties of Liquid Helium.

3. State the advantages of Hydrostatic gauge?

4. List down the gauges used to measure the liquid level?

5. State the applications of multilayer insulation?

6. Define Accommodation factor.

7. List down the types of Hazards?

8. Write a note about Oxygen hazard.

9. What is meant by Cryogenic recycling?

10.

State the superconductivity application of cryogenics.

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

11. (a) (i) Discuss the various properties of the following cryogenic fluid:

Liquid air

Neon

(4+4)

(ii) Draw and explain the Phase diagram for super fluid Helium.

(8)

(OR)

(b)

12. (a)

measurement techniques:

(i)

Thermal conductivity Gauge

(16)

(ii)

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

13. (a)

measurementtechniques:

(i)

(ii)

(8+8)

Explain in detail Gas filled powder & fibrous insulation? Write down

their advantages and disadvantages?

(16)

(OR)

14.

(b)

(16)

(a)

(16)

(OR)

(b)

15. (a)

hazard.

(16)

Write short notes on the following:

(i)

(ii)

Superconductivity applications

High energy physics applications

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

(i)

(ii)

Space applications

Mechanical applications

(8+8)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Subject: 022003 ADVANCED HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

(USE OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK & STEAM TABLE IS PERMITTED)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

PART A

State Fouriers Law of conduction.

Define Fin effectiveness.

State Newtons law of cooling or convection law.

Define Reynolds number (Re) & Prandtl number (Pr).

Give the applications of boiling and condensation.

What is meant by Film wise and Drop wise condensation?

What is meant by Indirect contact heat exchanger?

What is meant by Recuperater?

State Ficks law of diffusion.

What is free convective mass transfer?

PART B

(10X2=20 MARKS)

(5X16=80 MARKS)

11(a) A wall is constructed of several layers. The first layer consists of masonry

brick 20cm. thick of thermal conductivity 0.66W/mK, the second layer

consists of 3cm thick mortar of thermal conductivity 0.6W/mK, the third

layer consists of 8cm thick lime stone of thermal conductivity 0.58W/mK

and the outer layer consists of 1.2cm thick plaster of thermal conductivity

0.6W/mK. The heat transfer coefficient on the interior and exterior of the

wall are 5.6W/m2K and 11W/m2K respectively. Interior room temperature

is 22C and outside air temperature is -5C. Calculate

(i)

Overall heat transfer coefficient

(ii)

Overall thermal resistance

(iii)

The rate of heat transfer

(iv)

The temperature at the junction between the mortar and the

limestone.

(16)

(OR)

(b) A furnace wall made up of 7.5cm of fire plate and 0.65cm of mild steel

plate. Inside surface exposed to hot gas at 650C and outside air

temperature 27C. The convective heat transfer co-efficient for inner side is

60 W/m2K. The convective heat transfer co-efficient for outer side is

8W/m2K. Calculate the heat lost per square meter area of the furnace wall

and also find outside surface temperature.

(16)

12. (a) Air at 20C at atmospheric pressure flows over a flat plate at a velocity of

3m/s. if the plate is 1m wide and 80C, calculate the following at x

=300mm

(i)

Hydrodynamic boundary layer thickness

(ii)

Thermal boundary layer thickness

(iii)

Local friction coefficient

(iv)

Average friction coefficient

(v)

Local heat transfer coefficient

(vi)

Average heat transfer coefficient

(vii) Heat transfer.

(16)

(OR)

(b) Air at 30C flows over a flat plate at a velocity of 2 m/s. The plate is 2m

long and 1.5m wide. Calculate the following

(i)

Boundary layer thickness at the trailing edge of the plate

(ii)

Total drag force

(iii)

Total mass flow rate through boundary layer between x =40cm and

x=85cm.

(16)

13. (a) A nickel wire carrying electric current of 1.5mm diameter and 50cm long,

is submerged in a water bath which is open to atmospheric pressure.

Calculate the voltage at the burn out point, if at this point the wire carries

a current of 200A.(16)

(OR)

(b) Water is boiling on a horizontal tube whose wall temperature is

maintained ct 15C above the saturation temperature of water. Calculate

the nucleate boiling heat transfer coefficient. Assume the water to be at a

pressure of 20atm. And also find the change in value of heat transfer

coefficient when

(i)

The temperature difference is increased to 30C at a pressure of

10atm

(ii)

(16)

14. (a) (i) Derive an expression for logarithmic mean temperature difference of the

parallel flow heat exchanger.

(ii) Hot oil is used to heat water, flowing at the rate of 0.1kg/s, from 40C

to 80C in a counter flow double-pipe beat exchanger. For an overall heat

transfer coefficient of 300W/m2 OK find the heat transfer area, if the oil

enters at 105C and leaves at 70C.

(16)

(OR)

(b) (i) Define overall heat transfer coefficient? Write down the expression of

overall heat transfer coefficient by including all the resistance involved

in case of heat transfer through the tubes of an exchanger.

(8)

(ii) Derive an expression for log mean temperature difference for a counter

current flow double pipe heat exchanger.

(8)

15. (a) Hydrogen gases at 3bar and 1bar are separated by a plastic membrane

having thickness 0.25mm. the binary diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in

the plastic is 9.110-3m2/s. The solubility of hydrogen in the membrane is

2.110-3 kg-mol/m3-bar. An uniform temperature condition of 20 is

assumed.

(16)

(OR)

(b) An open pan 210mm in diameter and 75mm deep contains water at 25C

and is exposed to dry atmospheric air. Calculate the diffusion coefficient of

water in air. Take the rate of diffusion of water vapor is 8.5210-4kg/h. (16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022003 ADVANCED HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

(USE OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK & STEAM TABLE IS PERMITTED)

PART A

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

(10X2=20 MARKS)

State the applications of fins.

Define Grashof number (Gr) & Stanton number (St).

What is the form of equation used to calculate heat transfer for flow through

cylindrical pipes?

What is meant by pool boiling?

Give the merits of drop wise condensation?

What is meant by Fouling factor?

What is meant by LMTD?

Define Transpiration Cooling?

Define Schmidt Number.

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

11. (a) A wire of 6mm diameter with 2mm thick insulation (K=0.11W/mK). If the

convective heat transfer co-efficient between the insulating surface and air

is 25W/m2L, find the critical thickness of insulation. And also find the

percentage of change in the heat transfer rate if the critical radius is used.

(16)

(OR)

(b) Alloy steel ball of 2mm diameter heated to 800C is quenched in a bath at

100C. The material properties of the ball are K = 205kJ/m-h-K,

=7860kg/m3, C= 0.45 kJ/kgK, h=150 KJ/ h-m2K. Determine

(i) Temperature of ball after 10 second and

(ii) Time for ball to cool to 400C.

(16)

12. (a) Air at 290C flows over a flat plate at a velocity of 6m/s. The plate is 1m

long and 0.5m wide. The pressure of the air is 6kN/m2. If the plate is

maintained at a temperature of 70C, estimate the rate of heat removed

from the plate.

(16)

(OR)

(b) A thin 100cm long and 10cm wide horizontal plate is maintained at a

uniform temperature of 150C in a large tank full of water at 75C.

Estimate the rate of heat to be supplied to the plate to maintain constant

plate temperature as heat is dissipated from either side of plate.

(16)

13. (a) Water is boiled at the rate of 24kg/h in a polished copper pan, 300mm in

diameter, at atmospheric pressure. Assuming nucleate boiling conditions

calculate the temperature of the bottom surface of the pan.

(16)

(OR)

(b) A black body at 3000K emits radiation. Calculate the following

(i)

Monochromatic emissive power at 7m wave length

(ii)

Wave length at which emission is maximum

(iii)

Maximum emissive power

(iv)

Total emissive power

(v)

Calculate the total emissive of the furnace if it is assumed as a real

surface having emissivity equal to 0.85.

(16)

14. (a) (i) Define heat exchanger effectiveness.

(ii) A shell and tube heat exchanger is to be constructed with 2.54 cm LD

tube. The cold fluid is flowing through the tubes at the rate of 18,000

Kg/hr. the inlet temperature is 35c while outlet temperature of cold

water is 65C. The hot water flows outside the tube at the rate of 12,800

kg/hr and entering at 100C. The average velocity of the cold water

through the tube is 0.3 m/s and overall heat transfer coefficient is 1600

w/m2 DC. Specific heat for both the water is 4.18 KJ/Kg oC. Determine

the number of tubes and required length of the tubes for shell and tube

heat exchanger. Given: Density of water at 50C = 988 kg /m 3, Surface

area/unit length = 0.0798 m2/m per tube, Cross sectional area =

0.0003098 m2 per tube.

(16)

(OR)

(b) (i) Draw the temperature distribution curve of the fluids in the single pass

parallel flow heat exchanger and single pass counter flow heat

exchanger.

(8)

(ii) The overall temperature rise of the cold fluid in a cross flow beat

exchanger is 20C and overall temperature drop of hot fluid is 30C. The

effectiveness of heat exchanger is 0.6. The heat exchanger area is1

m2 and overall heat transfer coefficient is 60 W/m 2-0C. Find out the rate

of heat transfer. Assume both fluids are unmixed.

(8)

15. (a) Oxygen at 25C and pressure of 2bar is flowing through a rubber pipe of

inside diameter 25mm and wall thickness 2.5mm. The diffusivity of O 2

through rubber is 0.2110-9 m2/s and the solubility of O2 in rubber is

3.1210-3kg-mol/m3-bar. Find the loss of O2 by diffusion per meter length

of pipe.

(16)

(OR)

(b) Air at 10C with a velocity of 3m/s flows over a flat plate. The plate is 0.3m

long. Calculate the mass transfer coefficient.

(16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Subject: 022004 VACUUM ENGINEERING

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

2. State Boyles law and Charles law.

3. Define Knudson number.

4. Define adsorption.

5. List down the basic requirements of vacuum materials.

6. Give examples for vacuum seals.

7. Classify vacuum pumps.

8. What is getter pump?

9. State the applications of mass spectrometer.

10. What is meant by leak hunting?

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

11. (a) (i) Derive an expression for mean free path from the kinetic theory of

gases.

(8)

(ii) Enlist various equations of state for real gases. Explain all constants

and variables involved in the equations.

(8)

(OR)

(b)(i)Obtain expressions for average velocity, most probable velocity and

root-mean-square velocity from statistical mechanics.

(10)

(10)

(ii) Consider a gas molecules can move only along x-axis, let

be the

v

has

range - <v < .

Calculate the average velocity along x-axis.

(6)

(6)

12. (a) Derive Hagen-Poisseuille equation correlating pressure drop to mass flow

rate. Also, arrive at formulae for conductance of continuum, free

molecular and mixed flow regimes.

(16)

(OR)

(b) Consider a vacuum vessel of 1m 3 with an initial pressure of 1atm at

300K. It is connected to a vacuum pump via a connecting pipe as

shown below (Left side tube of 40mm diameter and right side tube of

30mm diameter. Both tubes are of length 400mm). The ultimate

pressure of the system is 0.1mPa. Determine the system vessel

pumping speed, if required vacuum in the cavity is 1kPa in 1h.

(16)

13.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

rotary vane pump

roots pump

(8+8)

(OR)

14.

(b)

(a)

(OR)

(b)

15.

various applications.

(16)

(a)

Discuss the working principle of the following vacuum pressure

measurement gauges.

(i)

McLeod gauge

(ii)

Thermocouple gauge

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

(16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022004 VACUUM ENGINEERING

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

2. Find RMS speed of hydrogen and oxygen molecules at 27C.

3. Define conductance.

4. Write equation for density assuming gas to be ideal.

5. Classify vacuum pumps based on levels of vacuum.

6. What are called cryogens?

7. What is fire vacuum cylinder?

8. Give example for a typical valve used in vacuum.

9. Distinguish between pressure gauge and vacuum gauge.

10.

List down the gauges used to measure ultra high vacuum.

PART B

11. (a)

(5X16=80 MARKS)

(i) Derive an equation for the pressure of gas from the kinetic theory of

gases.

(8)

(ii) Arrive at an expression for volume occupied by a gas molecule using

the kinetic theory.

(8)

(OR)

(b)

box of volume and the energy of the molecule is

1

2

2

2

H ( p , q )=

p x + p y + pz ) +V(x,y,z)

(

2m

and the fraction of molecules is

dN

=

N

H ( p ,q )

kT

dpdq

H ( p ,q )

kT

dpdq

p q

the range p and p+dp and q and q+dq, show that the partition

function is

3

2

Z=

( 2 mkT )

h3

and the probability of finding the molecule with velocity

canonical ensemble is

m

f ( v )=4 v

2 kT

2

12.

(a)

3

2

)e

m v

2 kT

in

dv

(16)

(16)

(OR)

(b)

13. (a)

the right end of the 40mm tube is 150mPa, while the pressure on

the left end of 30mm pipe is 10mPa. The ambient temperature is

300K. The molecular weight and viscosity of air are 28.95g/mol and

18.47Pa-s.

(16)

pumps.

(i)

diffusion pump

(ii)

turbo molecular pump.

(8+8)

(OR)

(b)

(16)

14. (a)

(16)

(OR)

(b)

15.

(a)

(b)

various systems for space simulation chamber.

(16)

Explain the working principle of the following vacuum pressure

measurement gauges.

(i)

Pirani gauge

(ii)

Ionisation gauge

(8+8)

(OR)

Discuss in details working principle of mass spectrometer.

(16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Subject: 022005 ADVANCED REFRIGERATION

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

2. What is meant by cascade?

3. What are called secondary refrigerants?

4. Define the term azeotrope.

5. Define absorption refrigeration.

6. Write equation of heat balancing in absorption refrigeration.

7. Give examples for thermoelectric materials.

8. Define figure of merit.

9. Define heat pump.

10.

Give distinct uses for solar heater and heat pump.

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

(8)

(ii) Give the comparison of flooded evaporators and dry evaporators. (8)

(OR)

(b)

12. (a)

with neat sketch.

(16)

What are the properties of refrigerants? Explain in detail.

(OR)

(16)

(b)(i) Explain about some typical CFCs (freons) and other hydrocarbons

refrigerants.

(8)

(ii) Explain the properties of refrigeration oils.

(8)

13. (a) (i) Discuss the working of ammonia vapor absorption system.

(8)

(ii) List out various types of compressors used in refrigeration and

explain in detail the working of a reciprocating compressor.

(8)

(OR)

(b) (i) Discuss the working of rotary screw compressor.

(8)

(ii) Compare COP of vapor absorption refrigeration system with vapor

compression system.

(8)

14.

(a)

turbine =90%. Steam jet refrigeration efficiency=90%. Entrainment

efficiency=65%.

Thermo-compressor efficiency=65%. The steam

enters the thermo-compressor at 0.01bar and with dryness fraction

of 0.94, make up water enters the flash chamber at 18C, determine

(using Mollier diagram)

(i)

State of steam at all salient points

(ii)

Quantity of steam leaving the flash chamber

(iii)

Quantity of steam generated in the boiler

(iv)

COP of the steam jet refrigeration system based on the heat

input of the motive steam.

Assume the same condenser for power turbine and steam jet

refrigeration.

(16)

(OR)

(b)

15.

(a) (i) Explain with neat sketch the working of room air conditioner.

(ii) Explain in detail different heat pump circuits with sketches.

(16)

(8)

(8)

(OR)

(b)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022005 ADVANCED REFRIGERATION

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

2. Explain the principle of bootstrap refrigeration.

3. State the purpose of oils in refrigeration.

4. List down a few important eco-friendly refrigerants.

5. State the advantages of ammonia as refrigerant.

6. Give the advantages of lithium bromide over ammonia system.

7. List down the advantages of air cycle refrigeration.

8. Define thermoelectric effect.

9. Define COP of heat pump.

10.

What are called walk-in coolers?

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

11. (a) (i) Sketch and explain the salient points of P-H and T-S charts.

(8)

(ii) Explain with the help of neat sketches, factors affecting the

performance of a simple vapor compression system.

(8)

(OR)

(b)

power compression system. What is its significance?

(16)

(8)

(ii) Discuss carbon-di-oxide as refrigerant. How is solid carbon-di-oxide

produced?

(8)

(OR)

(b)

cryogenic refrigerants. Explain how the cryogenic refrigeration is

done.

(16)

compressor.

(8)

(ii) Sketch and explain the working of centrifugal compressor.

(8)

(OR)

(b) (i)

(ii)

14.

(a)

compression system and what is the distinct advantage of vapor

absorption over compression.

(8)

Explain lithium bromide water system with H-X chart.

(8)

The compressor of an air refrigeration system working on BellColeman cycle sucks air at 5C and 1 bar pressure, the air leaves

from the compressor at 6bar pressure and from the condenser at

22C. Estimate the COP of the system and refrigeration effect for

1kg/s mass flow rate of air by assuming compression and expansion

are iso-entropic.

(16)

(OR)

(b) (i)

(ii)

15.

(a)

system with T-S diagram.

(8)

Describe the working of a simple air cycle cooling system used for

air-crafts.

(8)

A cold storage plant is required to store 25tonnes of fish. The

temperature of fish when supplied=25C. Storage temperature of fish

required=-8C. Specific heat of fish above freezing point=2.9kJ/kgC.

Specific heat of fish below freezing point=1.25kJ/kgC. Freezing

point of fish=-3C. Latent heat of fish=232kJ/kg. If the cooling is

achieved within 9h, find out

(i)

capacity of the refrigeration plant

(ii)

Carnot cycle COP between this temperature range

(iii)

If the actual COP is 1/3 of the Carnot COP, find out the power

required to run the plant.

(16)

(OR)

(b)

and equations.

(16)

PSN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET I

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

Fivefold axis of symmetry cannot exist in the periodic lattice. Justify?

Differentiate covalent and ionic crystals

Write down the factors affecting the mechanical properties of materials.

Differentiate ductile fracture and brittle fracture.

Prove that =1 ; where and are dielectric constant and

6. What is meant by dielectric loss?

7. What is Curie temperature?

8. Define domain theory in ferromagnetic materials?

9. What are liquid crystals?

10.

Distinguish between LED and LCD.

PART B

11.

(a)

(5X16=80 MARKS)

Explain the term packing factor? Prove that the packing fraction of

HCP is 26% void.

(4+12)

(OR)

(b) (i) Copper has fcc structure and its atomic radius is 1.273. Find the

lattice parameter and density of copper.

(10)

(ii) Determine spacing between (100) plane in NaCl crystal having a

lattice constant a=5.64

12.

(a)

(6)

(i) Describe briefly about the Ficks law of diffusion and explain any

two applications of Ficks second law.

(10)

(ii) A sample of glass has a crack of half length 2m. The youngs

modulus of the glass is 70 GN m-2 and the specific surface energy is

(b) (i)

(6)

(OR)

write about various methods to improve the fatigue strength of the

materials

(8)

(ii) Explain Griffith theory. Why is it not suitable for ductile materials.(8)

13. (a)

Explain

the

dielectrics.

different

Briefly

types

explain

of

the

polarization

various

mechanisms.

mechanisms

dielectric

in

breakdown

(8+8)

(OR)

(b) (i) What is called local electric field at an atom and deduce the Lorentz

relation.

(10)

(ii) Prove that the square of the refractive index is equal to the dielectric

constant of a material.

(6)

14. (a) (i) Discuss in detail about the classification of dia, para and ferro

magnetic materials with suitable examples.

(10)

(ii) Give the short notes on magnetic bubble domains and its

applications.

(OR)

(ii) Describe in detail Langevin and weiss theory.

15. (a)

(6)

(8)

(8)

metals.

(16)

(OR)

(b)

of liquid crystal displays.

(16)

(AUTONOMOUS)

MELATHEDIYOOR- 627152

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

MODEL QUESTION SET II

Subject: 022205- STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

Year/ Sem: I / I

Marks: 100

TIME: 3HRS

PART A

(10X2=20 MARKS)

PART B

(5X16=80 MARKS)

2. Explicate are miller indices?

3. Differentiate ductile and brittle fracture.

4. State Ficks law

5. Formulate the relation between the dielectric constant and susceptibility

6. What are ferro electric materials?

7. Define energy product and give its importance?

8. What is called Bohr magneton?

9. Criticize the optical absorption in insulators

10.

Categorize luminescent materials

11.

12.

(a)

with neat diagram.

(16)

(b)

(OR)

Explain the various types of bonding in solids.

(16)

(a)

Discuss briefly about the Ficks law of diffusion and explain any

two applications of Ficks second law.

(OR)

Analyze various parameters while conducting mechanical tests on

(b)

materials.

13.

(16)

(a)

(16)

Appraise about

(i)

(ii )

(b)

14.

(a)

(b)

15.

(a)

Piezoelectric materials

Pyroelectric materials

(8+8)

(OR)

What is meant by local field in a dielectric and also derive an

(16)

(16)

(OR)

Illustrate

(i)

GMR materials

(ii)

Dilute magnetic semiconductor materials

displays.

(b)

(8+8)

(16)

(OR)

Describe about optical absorption in insulators, semiconductors

and metals.

(16)

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