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LNG Process Presentation
05 OCTOBER 2006, SENTRA MULIA

Objectives

• To know How is LNG is made • To know the Major Process Flow of How the LNG is processed • To know the function of each Major Equipment that required in process to make LNG

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Contents

• LNG PROCESS DESCRIPTION − Onshore Gas and Condensate receiving (Unit-16) − Condensate Stabilization (Unit-11) − Acid Gas Removal (Unit-21/22) − Dehydration/Mercury removal (Unit-31/32) − Gas Liquefaction/Fractionation (Unit-41/42) − Refrigerant Circuit (Unit-051/52) • LNG PROCESS SCHEMATIC • PROCESS EQUIPMENT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT, FUNCTION AND DESCRIPTION

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LNG PROCESS DESCRIPTION

• Onshore Gas and Condensate receiving (Unit-16) − Onshore Receiving Facility is to receive three-phase feed stocks from upstream production facilities, separate this into Gas, Hydrocarbon Liquid and Water Phases and Accommodate Liquid Slugs produced during non-steady operations.

• Condensate Stabilization (Unit-11) − Condensate Stabilizer is to stabilize hydrocarbon condensate coming from ORF (unit-16), Dehydration and Mercury Removal (unit-31) and Acid Gas Removal (unit-21) to meet the product o specification such as Reid vapor pressure (Max 0.77 kg/cm2A@37.8oC) and also butane content (0.5 5 liquid volume max)

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LNG PROCESS DESCRIPTION (CONT’D-1)

• Acid Gas Removal (Unit-21/22) − Acid Gas Removal is to remove Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur component in Feed Gas prior to Gas entering liquefaction unit. CO2 has no heating value and would freeze at low temperature in Cryogenic Process. Furthermore due to their Acidic/Corrosive Nature, Removal of CO2 and Sulfur enables the use of regular Carbon steel in downstream equipment and piping instead of corrosion resistance alloys. • Dehydration/Mercury (Unit-31/32) − Dry the Sweet Gas from the Acid Gas Removal Unit 021/022 before being sent to Liquefaction unit. − Remove residual Mercaptans and Sulfur Compounds in Sweet Gas to meet the total Sulfur Specification in LNG Product (this is required if the sulfur content in Sweet/ Treated Gas leaving AGRU exceeds the Maximum Design Limit) − Remove residual Mercury from the Sweat

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LNG PROCESS DESCRIPTION (CONT’D-2)

• Gas Liquefaction/Fractionation (Unit-41/42) − Gas Liquefaction/Fractionation Unit is to liquefy a Natural Gas to produce Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Refrigerant Make-up components, and Condensate Product Streams.

• Refrigerant Circuit (Unit-051/52) − Refrigerant Unit is to cool and liquefy the Feed Gas in the 041-E-1001 Main Cryogenic Heat Exchanger (MCHE) by maintaining the temperature approach on the Warm and Colds end to MCHE − Propane refrigeration (four levels) provides chilling about -15oC for Natural Gas Feed and -32oC for the MR system and Fractionation Unit. − Mixed Refrigerant (MR) refrigeration provide Low temperature refrigeration to produce LNG in MCHE. There are two GE Frame 7EA GT driving refrigerant Compressor. One for LP & MP MR and Second for HP MR & Propane Compressor.

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LNG Process Schematic
FEED GAS SWEET GAS

HP C3
016-D-1001/02 Slug Catcher FEED GAS (VORWATA-A/B)

016-D-1006/07 Gas Scubber 031-E-1001

016-D-1009/10 Liquid accmulator 021-T-1001 Acid Gas Adsorber 021-D-1004 Feed Gas K.O. Drum
LEAN AMINE

HP C3

016-D-1004 Cond/Water Separator

031-D-1002A Dehydration Drum

031-D-1002B Dehydration Drum

031-D-1002C Dehydration Drum

031-D-1001 Dehydration Precooler Separator
REGENERATION GAS

011-T-1001A/B Condensate Stabilizer

RICH AMINE BOG

AMINE REGENERATION

MP LNG (-153 OC)

CONDENSATE

HP LNG (-153 OC)

Acid Gas Incinerator
MR VAPOR (-157 OC)

031-D-1004 Mercury Removal
BOG

031-F-1001 Regen Gas Heater

076-TK-1001 Condensate Storage Tank

041-GC-1001
LP C3 JT VALVE MR VAPOR (-153 OC) LNG (-153 OC) MP C3 MP C3 MR LIQUID (-124 OC)

Cold Bundle

HP SWEET GAS (-70 OC)

071-C-1001A/B BOG Compressor 041-D1001 Scrub Column Reflux Drum
LP C3

MR LIQUID (-124 OC) CONDENSATE

SWEET GAS (22 OC)

MP C3

LLP C3 LP C3 MP C3

071-TK-1001 LNG Storage Tank

051-E-1007
HP C3

051-GC-1001 MR liquid Expander 051-E-1008
MR VAPOR (-32 OC)

Middle Bundle
HP SG (-70 OC)

041-T-1001A Scrub Column
MP C3 SWEET GAS (-15 OC)

041-E-1002 MP C3 Chiller

MR VAPOR (41 OC)

Warm Bundle

HP C3 VAPOR

051-E1006 HP MR After Cooler 051-CG-1001 Gas Turbine

051-E-1009

051-D-1010 HP MR Separator 041-E-1001 MCHE
MR VAPOR (-37 OC)

041-E-1003 LP C3 Chiller

MP C3

HP SG (-37 OC)

C3 MAKE-UP

MR LIQUID (-32 OC)

041-T-1002 Deethanizer

041-T-1004 Debutanizer

051-E-1010 051-C-1001 C3 Refrigerant Compressor
SWEET GAS TO 031-D-1001

SWEET GAS F/ 021-T-1001

DISCH

051-C-1004 051-CS-1001 Steam HP MR Comp Turbine

MP LPG REINJECTION (-32 OC)

051-CS-1002 Steam Turbine

041-T-1001B Scrub Column

041-T-1003 Depropanizer

031-E-1001

051-GC-1002 Gas Turbine

051-C-1003 051-C-1002 MP MR Comp LP MR Comp

051-D-1007 LP MR Comp Suct. Drum

BUTANE RECYCLE (45 OC)

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016-D-100 SLUG CATCHER

• Separate into GAS and MIXURE OF HYDROCARBON LIQUID and WATER

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016-D-1006/07 GAS SCRUBBER

• Separate Vapor (Sour Natural Gas) and Condensed Water • A Vessel designed to handle streams with High Gas to Liquid Ratios. The Liquid is generally entrained as mist in the Gas or is free-flowing along the pipe wall. These vessels usually have a small liquid collection section.

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016-D-1009/10 LIQUID ACCUMULATOR

• Temporary Liquid Storage with Slug Volume of 111.3m^3

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016-D-1004 CONDENSATE WATER SEPARATOR

•Separation of Flash Gas, Hydrocarbon Condensate and Water

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011-T-1001 A/B CONDENSATE STABILIZER COLUMN

• To stabilize the Hydrocarbon Condensate from ORF, Dehydration and Mercury Removal and Acid Removal that are combined

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021/022-D-1004 FEED GAS KNOCK-OUT DRUM

• To separate any Heavy Hydrocarbon that might be condensed. By removing Heavy Hydrocarbon upstream the absorber, the foaming tendency of Amine Circulation system can be Minimized.

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021/022-T-1001 ACID GAS ABSORBER

• To remove CO2 from the Feed Gas by chemical reaction between MDEA and water to obtain protonated species and bicarbonate. The absorption is a accelerated by fast reaction between CO2 and piperazine, which together form Carbamate. The Carbamate in turn reacts with the bulk aqueous MDEA and transfers its CO2 to MDEA

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031/032-E-1001 DEHYDRATION PRECOOLER

• The Sweet Gas is cooled down to 22oC by HP Propane Refrigerant. The temperature is above the Hydrate Formation and Maximizes amount of Water Condensed prior entering Molecular Sieve Beds.

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031/032-D-1001 DEHYDRATION PRECOOLER SEPARATOR

• To separate Gas, Water and Small amount of Heavy Hydrocarbon condensed. Liquid Hydrocarbon are sent to Condensate Stabilizer, While water is sent to Skimmer

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031/031-D-1002A~C DEHYDRATION DRUM

• To adsorb Water and Sulfur by using Molecular Sieve Beds to meet Gas Dryness Specification of less than 0.1 ppmv and Total Sulfur Specification of less than 17.5 ppmv

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031/032-D-1004 MECURY REMOVAL

• To remove Residual Mercury from the Gas to very low concentration of 0.01 micrograms/Nm^3, using Nonregenerable Sulfur Impregnated Carbon Bed with the Gas in downflow.

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041/042-E-1002 FEED GAS/MP C3 CHILLER

• The Sweet Gas is cooled down from 22 oC to 1.39 oC by MP Propane Refrigerant.

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041/042-E-1003 FEED GAS/LP C3 CHILLER

• The Sweet Gas is cooled down from 1.39 oC to -14 oC by MP Propane Refrigerant

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O41/O42-T-1001A/B SCRUB COLUMN

Benzene and other Heavy HC are removed from Natural Gas to avoid Freeze-Up in the Final Liquefaction steps and to comply with LNG Specification Sufficient Feed Gas component are provided for further processing in the Fractionation Unit to produce HC components for Refrigerant make-up of the Refrigerant System.
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041/042-D-1001 SCRUB COLUMN REFLUX DRUM

• To separate Vapor Stream of Sweet Gas from Warm Bundle of MCHE prior introduce to Middle and Cold MCHE . Liquid Stream is used for Reflux for Scrub Column O41-T-1001

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041/042-E-1001 MAIN CYROGENIC HEAT EXCHANGER

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051-C-1002/1003 LP/MP MR COMPRESSOR

51-C-1003 51-CS-1002

51-C-1002

51-GC-1002

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051-C-1001/1004 REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR

H P

M P

L P

L L P

51-GC-1001

51-C-1001

51-C-1004 51-CS-1001

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071-TK-1001 LNG STORAGE TANK

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076-TK-1001 CONDENSATE STORAGE TANK

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