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ACID BUFFER WITH HCl

Volume HClpH
0 4.42
2 4.4
4 4.38
6 4.35
8 4.31
10 4.28
12 4.25
14 4.22
16 4.18
18 4.15
20 4.11
22 4.07
24 4.03
26 3.99
28 3.94
30 3.9
32 3.85
34 3.79
36 3.72
38 3.65
40 3.56
42 3.45
44 3.32
46 3.14
48 2.98

Acid Buffer With HCl


Volume HCl V. pH
5
4
3 Series1
pH

2
1

10 20 30 40 50 60
Volume HCl
BASE BUFFER

Volume HClpH
0 9.95
2 9.81
4 9.66
6 9.48
8 9.27
10 9
12 8.12

Base Buffer
Volume HCl V. pH
12
10
8
Series1
6
pH

4
2

2 4 6 8 10 12 14
Volume HCl
ACETIC ACID SOLUTION WITH HCl

Volume HCl pH
0 2.85
2 2.35
4 2.09
6 1.93
8 1.83
10 1.77
12 1.7
14 1.68
16 1.61
18 1.58
20 1.55
24 1.53
26 1.49
28 1.48
30 1.47
32 1.45
34 1.44
36 1.43
38 1.41
40 1.4
42 1.38
44 1.37
46 1.36
48 1.35

Acetic Acid with HCl

3
3
2 Series1
2
pH

10 20 30 40 50 60
HCl
Acidic Acid 2

V pH Acid Acid Graph 2


0 4.42
2.01 4.39
Volume HCl V. pH
4 4.36 5
6.04 4.32 4
8 4.29 3
10.04 4.25 pH
pH
2
12.06 4.21
1
14.1 4.18
16.1 4.13 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
18 4.09
Volume HCl (mL)
20.02 4.05
22.1 4
24.06 3.95
26.1 3.9
28.02 3.85
30.02 3.78
32 3.72
34.06 3.64
36 3.56
38.02 3.46
40.1 3.33
42.02 3.18
44.08 2.94
h2
pH

pH

40 45 50
Acidic Buffer with NaOH
Voluem NaOH pH
0 4.41
2 4.43
4 4.46
6 4.48
8 4.52
10 4.54
12 4.56
14 4.59
16 4.61
18 4.64
20 4.66
22 4.69
24 4.72
26 4.77
28 4.8
30 4.82
32 4.85
34 4.87
36 4.9
38 4.93
40 4.95
42 4.98
44 5.01
46 5.05
48 5.08
50 5.11
52 5.15
54 5.18
56 5.22
58 5.26
60 5.29
62 5.34
64 5.39
68 5.45
70 5.52
72 5.56
74 5.64
76 5.72
78 5.81
80 5.93
NaOH with Acidic Buffer Trial 2
Volume NaOH pH
0 4.41
2 4.43
4 4.46
6 4.48
8 4.51
10 4.53
12 4.56
14 4.59
16 4.61
18 4.64
20 4.66
22 4.69
24 4.71
26 4.74
28 4.77
30 4.79
32 4.83
34 4.85
36 4.87
38 4.9
40 4.93
42 4.96
44 4.99
46 5.02
48 5.05
50 5.08
52 5.12
54 5.16
56 5.19
58 5.23
60 5.27
62 5.31
64 5.36
66 5.42
68 5.47
70 5.53
72 5.6
74 5.64
76 5.67
78 5.76
80 5.87
82 5.99
Acidic Buffer with NaOH
Volume NaOH V. pH
8
6
4 Series1
pH

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Volume NaOH (mL)
Acidic Buffer with NaOH Trial 2
Volume NaOH V. pH
8
6
4 pH
pH

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Volume NaOH (mL)
Step 6 Trial 1
Volume NaOH added PH
0 2.72 Trial #2
2 3.26 Volume NaOH added PH
3 3.44 0 2.7
4 3.57 2 3.27
5 3.68 4 3.58
6 3.77 6 3.77
7 3.85 8 3.91
8 3.91 10 4.04
9 3.98 12 4.13
10 4.03 13 4.17
11 4.09 13.5 4.19
12 4.14 14.1 4.22
13 4.18
13.5 4.21
13.8 4.22

Step 7 Trial #1
Volume NaoH added PH
0 2.31 Volume NAOh added PH
2 2.63 0 2.28
4 2.91 2 2.56
6 3.14 4 2.88
8 3.36 6 3.12
10 3.43 8 3.33
12 3.51 10 3.41
14 3.59 12 3.49
16 3.68 14 3.57
18 3.74 16 3.66
20 3.8 18 3.72
22 3.85 20 3.78
24 3.9 22 3.83
26 3.94 24 3.88
28 3.99 26 3.92
30 4.03 28 3.97
32 4.07 30 4.02
34 4.09 32 4.06
36 4.14 34 4.08
38 4.18 36 4.12
40 4.21 38 4.16
42 4.25 40 4.19
44 4.28 42 4.22
46 4.32 44 4.26
48 4.35 46 4.3
50 4.38 48 4.33
52 4.42 50 4.37
54 4.44 52 4.41
56 4.48 54 4.43
58 4.52 56 4.47
60 4.54 58 4.51
62 4.57 60 4.53
64 4.6 62 4.55
66 4.63 64 4.58
68 4.66 66 4.61
70 4.69 68 4.64
72 4.72 70 4.67
74 4.75 72 4.7
76 4.79 74 4.73
78 4.81 76 4.76
80 4.85 78 4.78
82 4.88 80 4.81
84 4.91 82 4.85
86 4.94 84 4.88
88 4.97 86 4.91
90 5 88 4.94
92 5.03 90 4.96
94 5.08 92 4.98
96 5.14 94 5.03
98 5.18 96 5.11
100 5.25 98 5.15
102 5.32 100 5.19
102 5.26
103 5.3
103.5 5.32
Trial 1

5
4
Series1
3
pH

2
1

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Volume NaOH added (mL)

Trial #2

4
Series1
3
pH

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Volume NaOH added (mL)
Trial #1 Step 7

4
Series1
3
pH

20 40 60 80 100 120
Volume of NaOH added (mL)

Trial #2 Step 7

6
5
4 Series1
3
pH

2
1

20 40 60 80 100 120
Volume of NaOH added (mL)