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Volume 50 - Issue 6

October 19, 2016
theeyeopener.com
@theeyeopener
Since 1967

WHO TEACHES YOU?
RYERSON CHAMPIONS DIVERSITY. THE NUMBERS DISAGREE.

PHOTO ILLUSTRATION: IZABELLA BALCERZAK

EDITORIAL

2

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

On spoonfed corporate bullshit:
By
Keith
Capstick
I’m not here to talk to you about
Drake.
I want to talk about the people we
elected—the people who brought
him to Ryerson Students’ Union
(RSU) concerts twice and who
won’t stop talking about it.
In recent weeks, The Eyeopener
published multiple stories and
conducted interviews where elected student officials have attempted
to deflect their financial contributions toward Ryerson’s new annual carnival—6 Fest. To do this,
they’ve repeatedly used the phrase
“corporate sponsorship” to reroute
students’ (and reporters’) questions. They’re insinuating that by
going out and accumulating external funds for these events, as
opposed to using student levies,
they’ve eliminated the negative
impact they might have on students and their money.
To be clear: if you’re elected by
students—in your faculty or within
your students’ union—everything
you do should be with their best
interests in mind (whether they
hand you a cheque or you go solicit
it from Coca-Cola). This is particularly true of students’ unions.
The RSU’s 6 Fest operated on
a $1.5 million budget, $600,000
of which was fundraised through
“corporate sponsorship.” RSU executives and their full-time staff
are paid by students’ money, and of
those full-time staff members I’m
told by a source inside the RSU that
at least five had their entire jobs put
on hold for the event. In this year’s
operating budget, each executive
was slated to make $35,000 during

Editor-in-Chief

Nicole “A$AP” Schmidt
News

Keith “Still straight edge” Capstick
Alanna “Stats queen” Rizza
Sarah “Rory Gilmore” Krichel
Photo

Chris “The flash” Blanchette
Devin “Fuck everything” Jones
Izabella “Casual marathon” Balcerzak
Online

their one year term—a $5,000 raise
from years past—so let’s not pretend
all of those hours spent bringing in
money for these events doesn’t cost
students.
I don’t mean to take away from
what looked to be an awesome
show. The collective Drake-notshowing-up woes from students
seems a little excessive to me, as
Ryerson has clearly had some of
the best student concerts I’ve ever
heard of over the last two years.
All I’m asking is that Ryerson’s student leaders make their stance clear.
Say to me, “we think using student
money for these events is what students want.”
All that said, there’s a larger, more
mind-numbing trend to critique.
With all these concerts and festivities and “6’s” everywhere and Drizzy
on our agendas, Ryerson is certainly
becoming more visible. But is it for
the better?
Since Transform—the first opposing slate to compete in an RSU
election in almost a decade—won
the 2013-2014 RSU election and
Impact winning the following
year, Ryerson student leaders just
can’t stop branding themselves. It’s

A Birthday reflection
FROM THE ARCHIVES
September 18, 1998

By Kenny Yum
Some anniversaries are more important than others. When one
turns 50, for example, there’s the
usual celebration of time gone by,
achievements are reflected on, a joyous occasion is marked. The festivi-

ties that have been thrown by a little
college that kept on growing—on its
50th birthday—are well deserved.
But at times like this, one may
dwell on the past for only so long.
So as you munch on the free food
and bask in the fanfare, also consider the following:

Igor “Large asshole” Magun
Sierra “Sk8er boi” Bein
Lee “Office dab” Richardson
Features

Jacob “Should sleep” Dubé
Arts and Life

Annie “Goldschlager” Arnone
Sports

Daniel “Has a tan” Rocchi
The RSU’s 6 Fest went down on Oct. 9 and 10.

PHOTOS: SIERRA BEIN

trickled down through the RSU
and into the students’ societies,
which are also funded by student
levies. There seems to be this overarching idea that it’s okay to spend
money on whatever you want as
long as it’s furthering the name of
your student organization, even if
it doesn’t align with the average
student and what they want out of
their student experience.
The Ted Rogers Student Society
(TRSS), for example, contributed
$50,000 to 6 Fest and the Ryerson
Engineering Student Society (RESS)
threw in another $5,000. Both told
The Eyeopener that students’ money
didn’t go towards these contributions because the money was raised

through “corporate sponsorship.” In
recent weeks, that phrase has been a
bigger buzzword than “innovation,”
which is really a strong sentiment
around Ryerson.
Brands are good. It’s rad that the
RSU wants to make a name for itself
downtown. It’s cool that people recognize us as the school with the concerts and the university Norm Kelly
tweets about. But let’s just remember the students that put us in our
nice comfy offices. Let’s remember
that person who doesn’t care about
Drake, or your brand, or your logo,
or your conference and just wants
some coupons that help them get
lunch.
I just want a cheaper burger okay?

Average tuition in 1948 was $25
for the 250 students, compared with
$4,000 for the 15,000 students this
year. In a few years, education may
be totally inaccessible to those with
limited financial means. Not many
students graduated in the ‘50s with
a debt, inflation considered, of more
than $20,000.
Campus spirit has also changed.
Nowadays you can’t walk around
campus without having corporations
or business interests pitching products
or building brand loyalty among what
should be a liberally-educated and
critical-minded mass. Since when did
it take grab bags of corporate goodies
to peak students’ interest?
A university education has become a commercial venture — our
degrees are shopping carts full of
courses that offer little beyond
their outward packaging. Postsecondary schools are no longer in
the business of educating— they’re

educating for business.
Ryerson Polytechnic University,
its boosters would say, is the prime
example of that ideological shift in
education. Career first, personal
development last. Yes, universities
have changed. But don’t let that divert the purpose of higher education.
So take a course on the grounds
that it would do nothing for your
career but a lot for future philosophical discussions. Join a club,
group or campus society because
you have nothing better to do when
you aren’t working your two parttime jobs. Or come out to watch one
of our varsity teams because you can
get a better view of sportsmanship
than the SkyDome tickets.
Because, when some corporate
dignitary helps blow out the candles
on the anniversary cake, at least
you’ll remember what a university—
rather, a university experience—
should be.

Biz and Tech

Justin “Escalators” Chandler
Communities

Sidney “Protest pro” Drmay
Fun

Skyler “Sweater font” Ash
Media

Thomas “SanFran” Skrlj
Carl “RTA heartthrob” Solis
Circulation Manager

Farnia “This means war” Fekri
General Manager

Liane “Is my hero” McLarty
Advertising Manager

Chris “More coffee” Roberts
Design Director

J.D. “Let them eat cake” Mowat
Contributors

Zahraa “Triple Threat” Hmood
Nicole “Literal Hero” Brumley
Christina “Stories” Tommasone
Syed Appasaurous” Razvi
Nikhil “Research Jedi” Sharma
Laura “3” Howells
Malachi “Red Love” Rowswell
Alexandru “I like helium” Titu
Hung “I only shoot RAW” Le
Joshua “Brampton boi” Desouza
Sarah “Danger” McNeil
Karoun “5,000” Chahinian
Asma “lifesaver” Farooq
Laura “Drunk on you” Woodward
Ben “Majestic unicorn” Waldman
The Eyeopener is Ryerson’s largest and
only independent student newspaper.
It is owned and operated by Rye Eye
Publishing Inc., a non-profit corporation
owned by the students of Ryerson.

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

NEWS

3

Ryerson profs not so diverse
A recent report reveals there aren’t enough female, Aboriginal or racially diverse professors

Pro-life group case
dismissed

By Alanna Rizza
A diversity report released earlier this month by Ryerson’s office
of equity, diversity and inclusion
(EDI) revealed that the diversity of
university professors does not align
with that of the student population.
The data was collected from
the 2013-2014 school year using a
questionnaire that was completed
by 4,400 employees. Diversity is
ranked in percentages using five
equity groups: women, racialized or
visible minorities, persons with disabilities, Aboriginal and LGBTQ.
According to the EDI website,
Ryerson’s aim is to have its employee diversity match the student
population. However, this is not the
case when the numbers are broken
down by employee positions.
While half of Ryerson employees
identify as women, only 26 per cent
of the full-time professors identify as
women (compared to 54 per cent of
Ryerson students).
Ryerson Students’ Union vice
president equity Tamara Jones said
that being taught consistently by
professors who do not represent equity groups, “devalues the way that
other people think, the way that
other people learn, the things that
other people think are important.”
“Especially at a school like Ryerson where we are such a diverse
population and we all come from
so many different places, it’s important to have yourself represented
in front of the classroom and have
your views being taught.”
At least two per cent of Ryerson
full time students are Aboriginal,
but according to the report, there
are no Aboriginal professors or senior leaders. The data on the Aboriginal student population came
from Ryerson’s 2014 National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE),

News
Bites

Ryerson’s professors do not represent the diversity of the students.

however, it is limiting because it
only includes students in first and
fourth year in full-time programs.
In September, Ryerson president
Mohamed Lachemi said in his installment speech that he would make
it a priority to reach out to the Aboriginal community to provide easier
access to education.

“Especially at a school
like Ryerson ... it’s important to have yourself
represented in front of
the classroom”
Cyndy Baskin, associate professor
of the school of social work, academic coordinator, and chair of the Aboriginal education council, said that
Ryerson can bring in more Aboriginal faculty by making the curriculum
more diverse. She added that the university needs to offer more mentorship to Aboriginal instructors who
want to become professors.
“It needs to be written very clearly
why Ryerson is asking Aboriginal
people to self-identify, what’s in it for
us to identify, what happens with the
information,” Baskin said in an email.
Ryerson’s founder, the notorious

Egerton Ryerson, was known for his
involvement in residential schools—a
government-sponsored initiative to
assimilate Aboriginal youth into Canadian culture. Baskin added that Ryerson could become a more welcoming place for equity groups by adding
a plaque to his statue detailing his controversial history.
Fifty-five per cent of students in
full-time programs identified as racialized or of visible minorities in
the report, but, similar to the imbalances amongst male and female
professors, racialized professors are
poorly represented at 28 per cent.
LGBTQ representation is more
balanced comparatively (seven per
cent of students identify as LGBTQ
versus six per cent of professors).
Also in the report, Eight per cent
of Ryerson students have a disability,
compared to six per cent of professors.
But this lack of representation is
not only an issue at Ryerson.
According to York’s 2014 statistical
employment equity report, one per
cent of the university’s employees are
Aboriginal, 25 per cent are of a visible
minorities, four per cent are persons
with disabilities and 57 per cent of
employees are women. (York does
not have any statistics on the diversity

PHOTO: IZABELLA BALCERZAK

of its student population in its report.)
Ryerson plans to use the data to
set equity, diversity and inclusion
goals, develop action plans and create strategies for improving work
experience. “This report will add
value to discussions on recruitment,
representation and retention of faculty and staff from equity groups
and help us identify the areas within
our community that need improvement,” said Denise O’Neil Green assistant vice-president and vice-provost equity, diversity and inclusion.
Lachemi added that the report is
only the first step. “We have the most
diverse campus in Canada and I think
it’s very important for faculty and staff
to represent or to reflect the student
population that we have,” he said.
Still, some students are skeptical.
“I hope that in making the report
means that Ryerson is working towards addressing these issues and
not just releasing the report to seem
productive,” said Susanne Nyaga, a
fourth-year social work student and
co-organizer of the Ryerson Feminist Collective.
“I hope the university actually
wants to do the work to ensure that
in the future when another report is
released, we can see a difference.”

Students share their thoughts on diversity among profs
Following Ryerson’s report on employee diversity, The Eyeopener asked students why diversity is important to them

The pro-life group, Students for Life
at Ryerson (SFLR), took the Ryerson
Students’ Union (RSU) to court in December 2015 after their application to
become an official group was denied.
SLFR applied for club status at
the beginning of the 2014 school
year. They claimed that the rejection
violated Ryerson’s policy to protect freedom of speech on campus.
However, the case was dismissed
earlier this month on the basis that
the RSU is a private corporation
and according to the case court file,
“[The Canadian Charter of Rights
and Freedoms] does not apply to a
private corporation’s internal decisions affecting its members.”

There’s a new
institute at Rye
Ryerson distinguished visiting professor Olivia Chow anounced on
Oct. 18 the Launch of the Institue
for Change Leaders at Ryerson.
The purpose of the institute is to,
“build strategic partnerships, mobilize volunteers and create leadership
teams,” among other things.
“The insitute will bring leaders
together and learn effective and
practical organizing skills,” Chow
said in a press release.

New condo causes
student protest
Plans to build an 80-storey condo on
Elm Street have some students concerned about how the building will
affect Ryerson’s campus.
Eli Aaron, an urban planning student, presented a petition, which had
over 340 signitures, to the Toronto
and East York Community council
on Oct. 13. “I feel that it is my duty
to defend the campus and surrounding area from poor planning,” said
Aaron to the council.
The council voted against the
proposal for the building, however
Toronto City Council will make the
final decision on Nov. 8.

Ryerson lecturer
alleges assault

Samantha Lee, 1st year politics
and governance
“I find that we get a wider range
of how people teach and what they
know [when there’s diversity].”

Vincent Zacharko, 4th year English

Karen Cook, 3rd year business

“There’s a good ratio of men and
women, but I’ve only had one nonwhite professor and that I think
could be improved.”

“I have a very diverse group of
professors, but I don’t look at
that. I don’t think diversity is very
important.”

Hameet Benipal, 1st year
engineering
“I don’t think it matters, as long as
professors are teaching you well and
care about the students.”

A Ryerson graphic communications
management lecturer alleged he
was attacked in the early morning
of Oct. 8 while he was going home
from a Thanksgiving dinner.
Trung Nguyen made a Facebook
post detailing the incident. He wrote
that he was assaulted in the area of
High Park and that he had a seizure
as a result of his injuries.

NEWS

4

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

Trump allegations are a reality for many female journalists
Journalists who identify as women face verbal, physical and sexual assault more often than people think
By Sarah Krichel
In light of recent allegations against
Republican presidential candidate
Donald Trump for sexually attacking
a Ryerson graduate, a broader conversation is unfolding about what it’s
like to be a journalist who identifies
as a woman.
On Oct. 12, former Ryerson journalism student Natasha Stoynoff,
now a writer at People magazine,
posted her story on People Politics,
making international headlines.
Stoynoff had been covering Trump
for years on The Apprentice and she
attended his wedding. But Stoynoff
said right before a 2005 interview
about his first wedding anniversary,
Trump sexually attacked her.
According to the post, Trump
brought Stoynoff into a room,
slammed the door shut and attacked
her. “Within seconds, he was pushing me against the wall and forcing his tongue down my throat,”
Stoynoff wrote.
After the alleged incident, Trump
said to Stoynoff “You know we’re
going to have an affair, right?”
Earlier this month, Trump denied
the Canadian journalist’s allegations
at a rally in Florida. He also made
remarks implying that her physical
appearance should indicate that he
would not have sexually assaulted
her at the time.
“You take a look. Look at her.
Look at her words,” Trump said to
his supporters at the rally. “You tell
me what you think—I don’t think so.
I don’t think so.”

Stay away from this guy.

The alleged event took place not
long after the leaked 2005 “locker room” conversation in which
Trump bragged to Billy Bush about
groping women. “I just start kissing
them. It’s like a magnet … I don’t
even wait. And when you’re a star,
they let you do it. You can do anything,” he said in the video.

“Within seconds, he
was pushing me against
the wall and forcing his
tongue down my throat”
Stoynoff never pursued charges
against Trump because of the typical difficulties that surround sexual
assault trials.
“Like many women, I was
ashamed and blamed myself for his
transgression. I minimized it (“It’s
not like he raped me…”); I doubted

PHOTO: GAGE SKIDMORE VIA FLICKR

my recollection and my reaction. I
was afraid that a famous, powerful,
wealthy man could and would discredit and destroy me,” she wrote.
In Ryerson’s journalism program,
75 per cent of the students accepted
in 2015 identified as female, according to Janice Neil, chair of the
journalism school. This has been
fairly consistent for the past 10 years,
meaning that many young professionals entering the industry are just
as prone to encounter similar threats.
Lisa Taylor, a journalism professor and CBC freelance workshop
leader and training consultant, said
that young journalists are taught to
be tough, but this is sending mixed
messages.
“We tell our students to be safe,
to not put themselves in danger, to
trust their gut,” Taylor said. “But we
also tell our students to be stoic and
to suck it up. To roll your eyes and
move on if you try to stop someone

for a streeter and they’re a jerk to
you.”
According to Femifesto, a guide
for journalists who report on sexual
violence, 62 per cent of women-identified journalists report having experienced verbal sexual harassment in
2015, and 22 per cent report having
experienced physical sexual harassment.
“While harassment is a concern
for all journalists, journalists who
are women in particular are more
likely to be targets,” the guide says.
Taylor said that while neither she
nor her colleagues are suggesting
that their students tolerate sexual
assault, it’s easy to see how an ambitious and keen student can take that
message a few steps further.
Taylor, who has been a faculty
member since 2013 but started
teaching in 2008, said that no student has ever disclosed an assault
with her—but she doesn’t believe it
has never happened.
The idea that misconduct should
be tolerated, mixed with the extremely common hesitation that many
women already have when it comes
to reporting sexual assault, can be
very dangerous for women journalists, Taylor said.
She added that women, nonbinary and trans women in these
situations face the dilemma of telling the story they were assigned,
or telling their own story. She said
that reporters at Trump rallies are
beginning to hide their credentials
because they believe it may compromise their safety.

“On one side, if I explain that the
picketers [for example] started sexually harassing me, then I’ve created a
distraction in my story and my story
becomes complicated,” said Taylor.
“Is my story about the picket line or
is my story about the fact that I was
sexually harassed? We don’t tell our
own stories as news reporters.”
But Farrah Khan, coordinator of
Ryerson’s Office of Sexual Violence
Support and Education, said that having any type of job should not come
at the cost of having to face sexual,
physical or emotional violence.
“It starts in journalism school,
when we not only talk to women that
are journalists, but talk to all genders
and say ‘hey, this kind of work environment isn’t okay, and when you
see it you need to call it in.”

“We tell our students to
be safe ... but we also tell
our students to be stoic
and to suck it up”
She added that during another
interview, someone had yelled the
“Fuck Her Right In The Pussy”
phrase and the woman interviewing
her said it wasn’t the first time she
heard that today.
The phrase made international headlines when it was said to
CityNews’ Shauna Hunt, because of
its rape culture promotion.
“I think that speaks to the fact that
women that are journalists have become a meme,” Khan added.

Ryerson experts say lectures are too long
By Laura Howells
Bored of long lectures? Ryerson is
too. Experts at the university are
encouraging professors to break
away from traditional lecture formats and experiment with new
ways of teaching.
“Everybody’s on board with the
fact that we need to teach students
differently,” said Curtis Maloley,
educational developer at Ryerson’s Learning and Teaching Office
(LTO).
“Technology has impacted us in
ways we maybe didn’t anticipate before, and older methods of teaching
Students are falling asleep in class.
are a bit outdated.”
He’s part of a team of people at
the LTO organizing workshops and
“Technology has imresources to help profs break away
pacted us in ways we
from the old “sage on the stage”
maybe didn’t anticipate” model.
Instead, the office is pushing alternatives like the “flipped classMaloley says most people have an room,” where students watch short
attention span of less than 15 min- lecture videos at home, then spend
utes, so lecturing for even half an class time having discussions or dohour is often too long.
ing activities.

PHOTO: IZABELLA BALCERZAK

This makes students more engaged, Maloley says, and more likely
to actually soak up material.
They’re also pushing for more experiential learning, where students
get out of the classroom and learn
through real world interactions,
such as internships or field trips.
A 2013 study conducted by the
National Academy of Sciences of
the United States of America says

that students learning in traditional
lecture settings are 1.5 times more
likely to fail than students using “active learning methods.” The study
also says this is even more prominently true in science, engineering
and mathematics.
The study cites a range of examples of active learning from
clicker quizzes, simply calling on
students to participate randomly
or breaking lectures into much
smaller groups so students can
clarify their understanding with
each other.
Space and time constraints mean
Ryerson can’t do much about long,
three hour classes, but they’re encouraging professors to break that
time into chunks and switch up
their teaching methods.
The LTO organizes around 20
teaching workshops for faculty every semester, and Maloley said usually 30 to 50 people show up.
But as students know, long lectures are often the norm--especially
in lower level classes.
Teaching workshops aren’t

mandatory at Ryerson, and profsessors who don’t want to change
don’t have to. Maloley, however,
is hoping universities can train future professors to be better teachers from the start.
The LTO runs a professional development program for grad students that trains them in how to
teach--something profs don’t necessarily have to know.
“Hopefully you’re creating a culture where people are being trained
at the ground level,” he said.
Maloley said the program has
been popular for the last few years,
with roughly 70 new grad students
enroled this semester.
Psychologists have said that there
are inconsistencies surrounding
just how long the average student’s
attention span is. But an article in
the 2010 Journal of Chemical Education said that students begin to
have short attention lapses as early
as six minutes into a lecture. These
lapses last about a minute, and recur at a higher frequency as the lecture gets longer.

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

NEWS

THE PRICE OF

LIGHTER BACKPACKS
Textbook publishers are shifting their products from print to digital,
a transformation that make students’ backpacks and wallets lighter.
Laura Woodward investigates how the shift could kill the used
textbook market

I

f you’re a student who buys your textbooks
used, soon you won’t have that choice.
As textbook publishers shift their products from print to digital the resale market is
slowly dying, as students can only buy digital
products new.
Digital products are sold via access codes, a
set of digits used to unlock an electronic text-

cess codes, they found it.”
The textbook industry functions like the
pharmaceutical industry. Pharmaceutical
companies charm doctors into buying their
drugs to prescribe to patients. Similarly, textbook publishers convince professors to assign
their newest-edition-textbook, or access code
with fancy features (like practice quizzes), to

book. But those access codes can only be used
once, as they expire at the end of the course.
Ethan Senack, lead author of Access Denied, a research study on access codes, says the
reason textbook publishers are going digital is
to eliminate the used textbook market.
“No matter how bad prices got, students al-

students.
Since 2006, the cost of a college textbook
increased by 73 per cent and since 1977, the
cost increased 1041 per cent, according to the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
In 2014, 45 per cent of McGraw-Hill’s sales
were digital products.
Publishing companies are free to price their
products however they choose, without any
fear of market repercussions, since the student consumer has no purchase choice.
Dan Garcia, a second-year business student
says, “it’s convenient not to carry heavy textbooks around campus, and access codes are
cheaper, but I always think of the money I can
save by selling my textbook later.”
Garcia sells and buys used textbooks through
Facebook groups, Kijiji and the Ryerson used
bookstore. There are currently 14,151 members in the Used Ryerson Textbook Facebook
group.
“At the end of the day, I can’t make back any
money back from digital books. So it might be
cheaper up front, but not long term,” Garcia
says.
At Ryerson’s bookstore, access codes range

[Textbook publishers] had to find
a business model that puts a stop
to competition. Through access
codes, they found it.
ways had the ability to cut costs if they needed
to, whether it’s sharing with a friend, borrowing from the library, buying used or even
just opting out of buying a textbook entirely,”
Senack says.
“But unfortunately we’ve gotten to a place
where these alternatives have made the print
textbook market unsustainable for publishers.
They’ve had to find a business model that puts
a stop to all of that competition. Through ac-

from $31 to $140. If a student desires a hard
copy, there is the option to add a loose-leaf
printout for an additional price.
Some publishing companies have chosen to
bundle their digital and hard copy products
together, forcing students to buy both.
But universities are cracking down on the
bundling scheme and have created guidelines
for textbook stores to sell learning products
separately.
David Swail is the executive director at
Canadian Publishers’ Council, an association
that represents the major textbook publishers.
Swail is also the former CEO of leading
publisher McGraw-Hill Ryerson. He admits
that publishing companies do try and eliminate the used textbook market, as seen with
new editions.
“Everyone questions what’s so different
about a 13th edition textbook, versus the 12th
edition, ‘Aren’t you just trying to squeeze used
textbooks out of the market and force us to
pay more?’ The honest truth is that there’s
some truth to that. As a publisher, you want
to have a new product sold,” Swail says.
And the new products are digital.
“Digital is more engaging and interesting...
That’s hard to [achieve] with a used textbook. When we say digitial, we’re not talking
e-books or a PDF replication of a textbook.
We’re talking online resources that are responsive and adaptive to a student’s needs,”
Swail says, referring to features like quizzes
embedded in the text, ensuring students don’t
move onto the next chapter until they’re ready.
Because of the quiz component of these
digital products, the option to opt-out of buying an access code and just use a textbook also
comes at a cost—failing the course.
McGraw-Hill uses access codes for its digital platform, Connect. Connect is not just a
digital textbook, but also used for assessments.
Salewa Olawoye, a Ryerson economics professor, uses Connect’s online quizzes for her
macroeconomics course. The weekly quizzes,
that can only be accessed through Connect,
account for 20 per cent of students’ grades.
Essentially, students are paying tuition, as
well as extra fees to take quizzes.
Since it’s the university’s job, not a textbook
publisher’s, to assess and grade students, the
Ontario government has restricted how much
third-parties can interfere.
ccording to the Ministry of Training,
Colleges and Universities, “Where a
course relies on assessments that are
included with a learning resource, such as an

A

5
online textbook, the ministry expects colleges
to have a policy with respect to their students’
interests.”
At the University of Waterloo, instructors
are encouraged to only use access codes if the
cost of resource is no more than $50 and the assessment counts as 20 per cent or less. If either
cost and grade value are not met, the instructor
must provide students with a free alternative,
like writing the online quiz on paper.
At Ryerson, assessments through thirdparty vendors must not account for more than
25 per cent. But there is no cost restriction, or
free alternative that must be provided. Professors can charge students any amount for an
online resource that can impact their grade, as
long as it does not exceed that 25 per cent.
“What is difficult is that when a fee occurs,
it is up to student associations or individual
students to alert the province and push them
to hold the institutions accountable,” Gayle
McFadden, National Executive Representative of the Canadian Federation of Students
says.
“This gets difficult when the province has
little to no regulatory body to enforce, which
is where lobbying efforts and a strong united
student movement is critical to fight for student rights.”
ut the shift into digital doesn’t have to
be expensive—it can be free.
Amanda Coolidge is the Senior
Manager of Open Education B.C., a source
that provides free textbooks for educators and
students to access online.
The textbooks on Open Education have an
open license that allows anyone, including
teachers, to obtain and distribute textbooks.
“The textbook industry has risen three
times the rate of inflation in the last ten
years,” Coolidge says. “Faculty is realizing that
it’s costing their students hundreds and thousands of dollars just to use textbooks.”
Coolidge says that some authors have
taken a stance on defending access to education by choosing to offer the textbooks that
they’ve written with an open license The major publishing companies that dominate the
market—McGraw-Hill, Pearson, Wiley and
Cengage—say open textbooks do not threaten
their commercial business.
“Their response is that you’re getting a
much higher quality resource with Pearson
or McGraw Hill which is false because it’s the
same authors just choosing a different platform to deliver the material,” Coolidge says.

B

FEATURES

6

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

The Kingpin

PHOTO: CHRIS BLANCHETTE

Ryerson’s Lake Devo may just be a soggy shortcut for most students, but for skateboarders
around the city it’s one of the best, and last, remaining spots where they can skate freely. In
the world of Toronto skating, pond is king

By Karoun Chahinian

R

olling over the cement, Jim Lahey
lifts his feet in the air and flips his
skateboard underneath. A perfect
kick flip. With a smile, he readjusts his snapback and rolls toward a friend on the other
side of Lake Devo.
“Yo, you made it!” says the first-year medical physics student, while high-fiving his
friend.
It’s a crisp fall evening. The water from
the lake is drained and it’s too early for the
outdoor ice rink, which means it’s skateboarding season at Ryerson. Skateboarders
start rolling into Lake Devo from all directions. Some are coming from class, some
from work, some from other skateparks.
The smell of weed lingers and the scratching

flips and jumps over traffic cones.
Ryerson University is known for its
hands-on programs. What’s left out of the
recruiting brochures is that Lake Devo, more
commonly known as “pond” in the Toronto
skateboarding scene, is one of the only skate
spots left in the city. Boarders from different
parts of Toronto have created a community
here; it’s where many of them have formed
close relationships and learned more about
their craft. But more importantly, it’s a microcosm of skateboarding’s personal nature.
Skateboarding surfaced in California during the 1950s, when surfers came up with the
idea to attach rollerblade wheels onto wooden boards. (At the time, they often referred it
as “sidewalk surfing.”)
Skateboarding became associated with
anti-establishment
and many subcultures, and as the number of participants
grew, it branched
into Europe, Asia and
Canada. In Toronto,
skateboarding began
dominating the public
sphere through large,
city-wide competitions and events, such as the Toronto Board
Meeting, where skaters go down Yonge
Street in dress clothes.
But skaters have always struggled to find
space.
For inner-city skaters, finding good pub-

I believe that
skateboarding should
be fair. Everyone should
have an opportunity”
sound of skateboard wheels gliding against
the concrete pond harmonizes with the surrounding bustle of the city.
It’s a familiar sight on campus. Students
walking along Victoria Street avoid being
run into by the skateboarders practicing

lic skate spots is difficult because of the strict
municipal bylaws. Most designated parks are
tucked far away from central locations.
Skaters needed a home. And at Lake Devo,
Ryerson carved one out for them.
At Ryerson, skateboarding’s history dates
back to 1977, when the school proposed the
creation of the $3 million urban park that
would sprawl across campus and the downtown core. This proposal included plans to
close down Victoria Street between Gerrard
and Gould and to transform what was formerly a parking lot into the outdoor area most
of us are now familiar with.
A $1.4 million donation from the Devonian
Group of Charitable Foundations of Calgary
made it possible for Devonian Square, commonly known as Lake Devo, to officially open
on Oct. 13, 1978. Its surrounding ledges—
which are perfect for flip tricks—large rocks
and closed-off street come together to make
it the ideal location for boarders. Better yet, it
has no restrictions against skaters.
Pond is also appreciated for providing a
perfect amount of shade for the skaters—
other skateparks around the city, such as
Dunbat at Dundas St. W and Bathurst St.,
blind boarders with a bright glare. Dunbat
is still popular because of boarders’ limited
options, but what makes pond superior to
other skate spots is that skateboarders never
get kicked out.
Over the winter about two years ago,
third-year Ryerson media production student
Graeme Leung and six of his friends went to
the First Canadian Place downtown to skate

and film in the basement of the plaza. During the winter, it’s popular for skateboarders
to find spacious spots indoors. In the middle
of their session, a group of security guards
sprinted towards them from all directions.
Instinctively, Leung and his friends picked
up their boards and dispersed as fast as they
could. Leung got out first because he was carrying all of the camera gear and the others
followed behind. When the rest of the group
also ran towards the revolving doors to run
outside, a security guard locked the door to
stop them from leaving.
Not willing to give up, one of Leung’s
friends pushed all his weight into the glass and
snapped the door open, but a few others fell
behind and their names were taken down and
they were banned from the plaza.
“They must have planned it before coming down because they came from almost
every exit,” said Leung. “Usually when we
go to PATH, there’s more of us so we can
block security guards out while people get
last tries in.”
ccording to the City of Toronto, it’s
prohibited to skateboard or rollerblade in city parks, along with “inconveniencing or endangering other users of
the park while operating or utilizing roller
blades, skateboards or similar conveyances.”
Sometimes, simply existing on a skateboard
is an inconvenience for others and being
kicked out of a public property has become
a norm.
Standing on his skateboard, Lahey talks
about his early days at pond. He was 14 when

A

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016
he started coming to Ryerson to skate—long
before he decided to enrol. “I actually decided on Ryerson because I knew this spot was
here. Ryerson’s not even a science school,” he
said. “If I really wanted a notable institution,
I would’ve gone to U of T or McGill, but I
just liked the scene here for skating.”
While holding his laptop unsteadily in his
hands, Lahey rolls from one side of the pond
to the other, avoiding other skateboarders
while clicking his trackpad.
He yells over to his friends that he needs to
finish a quiz before class, but shakes his head
and shoves his laptop into his backpack.
Lahey skates at Ryerson almost every day.
He says the first time he came with friends,
he was intimidated by the number of wellknown professional skateboarders. But he
quickly learned that everyone is equal when
at pond.
hoever comes to skateboard on
campus knows not to take it too
seriously.
For that reason, members from Ryerson’s
skate community were upset about the recent
decision to make skateboarding an official
Olympic sport at the 2020 Summer Olympic
Games in Tokyo. Many fear that the sport is
becoming overly-commercialized, and that
the competitions will become robotic and catered to the judges.
Noah “Tee” Tynes, 30, is among the group
of well-known boarders that skate at pond almost everyday. Currently sponsored by Converse Cons, Hélas Caps and Kadence Distribution, he also participates in local competitions
and events, such as the All City Showdown on
Sept. 11, which took place at several downtown Toronto locations, including Ryerson’s
pond.
Tee eyes a striped orange and black traffic
cone lying in the middle of Victoria Street,
adjusts his baggy Chicago Cubs baseball jersey and hops onto his chipped board. Tynes
kicks against the ground with his worn-out
black sneaker and begins gliding through the
street towards the cone. In one swift motion,
he slides his foot up the board, kicks the other

W

FEATURES

7

PHOTO: ANNIE ARNONE

foot up and flies straight over it. He lands with
no hesitation and makes his way back.
A friend waves him over.
“It’s Rob!” the other skater says while handing him a phone.
“Yo what’s up?” Tynes yells into the phone.
“Just reach pond. We’re going to skate at pond
for another hour or so, fucking with the cone.
We’ll get lines over the thing. So I’ll see you in
a bit. Peace.”
He hands over the cellphone, goes back to
the cone and resumes fucking with it.
Tynes has been skateboarding for over 20
years and thinks it’s too subjective to be rated
by a panel of judges.
“I’m not fucking with the Olympics. It’s an
unbeatable game, it’s so subjective. I can’t be
like, ‘Yo, I’m better than you at skateboarding!’
to that dude, cause he might have a different
take on it … Nothing can be categorized,” says
Tynes. “It’s basically not a sport. You can win
the NBA championships and know you can’t
go any further on this earth in basketball, but
skateboarding never ends.”
But not all skateboarders are completely
against the recent Olympic updates.
Keith Simmons, 27, who is a current manager at the country-wide skateboarding gear
and clothing store Zumiez, believes it’s a positive thing that the sport is gaining recognition
on an international stage.
“I think the more people skateboarding the

better,” says Simmons. “It’s always been on
some level of a sport, but becoming a part of
the Olympics brings it to a whole new level,
which is great.”
While he admires the strides skateboarding is taking in the world of athletics, he says
he hopes it does not become overly-commercialized and get
stripped of its
meaning. At pond,
this isn’t the case.
No one is here
to train for the
Olympics.
im McFerran, President
of
the World Skateboarding Federation and one of
the main individuals involved in
the request for skateboarding to be voted in,
was motivated to bring skateboarding onto
the Olympic stage to support skateboarders,
and didn’t expect a negative reaction from
the community.
Due to the lack of government funding
for skateboarders in the U.S. and Canada,
McFerran has been working towards gaining government recognition of skateboarding and to support more competitive skate-

T

boarders.
The International Olympic Committee
(IOC) has also been pressured by the National
Broadcasting Company to gain a younger audience due to “the Olympics growing older,”
which is where the program of allowing
countries to nominate additional sports popu-

It’s basically not a sport.
You can win the NBA
championships and know
you can’t go any further on
this earth in basketball, but
skateboarding never ends”
lar in their country for the next Olympics was
inspired from. Tokyo nominated five sports
for their games; skateboarding, baseball/softball, surfing, karate and sport climbing. All
were later approved.
Because skating is a sport that is mostly selftaught, McFerran says that it has the power to
motivate kids to get themselves out of their
situation through competing and pushing
themselves to learn the craft more and more.
He hopes this idea will be put on a global platform through the games.
“They don’t have many opportunities, but
I think skateboarding gives them a great
one,” he says. “Plus, it’s a great source for
transportation and teaches many life skills
such as perseverance, entrepreneurship, to
take risks and I believe those are all lessons
that are very important for the youth of today.”
immons grinds his board against the
ledge of the pond and flips back onto
the smooth cement and rolls towards
the orange cone that found its way into the
middle of Lake Devo. Like he’s done hundreds of times before, he slides his foot onto
the top of his dusty skateboard, lifts his back
foot with a swift kick and jumps straight over
the cone, landing perfectly near his friends on
the other side.
He eyes another skateboarder successfully
landing a flip trick and whistles in his direction, a unique form of applause.
Back in the zone, he drops his board in front
of him and hops back on. With one foot kicking behind him and the other planted firmly
on his skateboard, he makes his way back to
the cone, but this time, jumps too early and
trips onto the cold concrete.
Seconds pass, Simmons breathes out a
chuckle, dusts off his T-shirt, picks up his
board and rides again.

S

PHOTOS: CHRIS BLANCHETTE AND ANNIE ARNONE

ARTS & LIFE

8

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

What’s all the hype?
Skateboarders repping iconic street brands are pissed about the sudden overexposure. We talked to some of Ryerson’s
most fashionable students about how streetwear has blown up on campus, and where its roots really came from
By Annie Arnone
Quincy Williams steps onto Ryerson campus
in a pair of Nike Free Mercurial Superfly’s.
His go-to shoe is equipped with a Flyknit,
mesh outer layer, and high arch soles—making it Williams’ perfect fit: comfortable during the day and stylish enough to flaunt. His
pants are black Nike cargos and his sweater is
Canadian-made fleece.
The fourth-year retail management
student is no stranger to the world of
streetwear. His hobbies as a teenager were
skateboarding and listening to hip-hop
music, as well as religiously reading Hypebeast—a streetwear blog originating in
Vancouver, appealing to the modern “trend
seeker.”

masses, it just sucks.”
For fans of brands like Supreme, Thrasher and retro Jordans, streetwear is about
more than what’s exclusive, how much
things cost or who’s wearing it on television. These brands have fostered com-

“It sucks when you’re
a part of a subculture
and then you see it
get entrained to a
dominant culture to the
point where it becomes
oversaturated”
In an article recently published in Paper
Magazine, an arts and fashion publication,
the Editor-in-Chief of Thrasher — a skatewear and skate-related news publication
— said the brand “wants fucking clowns like
Justin Bieber and Rihanna to stop wearing
their clothes.”
“The pavement is where the real shit is,
blood and scabs, it doesn’t get realer than
that,” he said.
A similar opinion is echoed amongst the
skateboarding community, which Williams,
for several years, was a part of. He said that
niche trends, like Thrasher T-shirts, are
tailored towards a certain group of people.
When dominant figures (most recently,
ASAP Rocky and Rihanna) start adopting
this style, it influences other people outside
the target audience.
Streetwear clothing is rooted in skate culture, and developed through subcultures such
as hip hop and sports. Known labels like Nike
adopted their streetwear branding through
products such as Air Jordans — the shoe
worn by notorious basketball star Michael
Jordan, and Thrasher eventually adopted a
clothing line for skaters.
Streetwear is a common trend on campus,
but Williams believes its origins and purpose
have become convoluted.
“I think it sucks when you’re a part of a
subculture and then you see it get entrained to a dominant culture to the point
where it becomes oversaturated,” Williams said. “The uniqueness is gone. When
you see your eclectic-ness drained by the

all and brand names shouldn’t be the centre
of focus.
Beca learned to appreciate individuality during middle school. While driving to
school with her dad, she’d close her eyes in
the passenger seat, dreading the moment
people would see what she was wearing.
“I imagined what I was wearing was brand
named, and that I looked like the other girls
in my class,” she said. Now, the majority of
her wardrobe is thrifted, while still maintaining a streetwear-inspired look.
Within the “Street Style” section of her
blog, Beca features sports apparel such as
band T-shirts, baseball caps and joggers—all
within the realm of streetwear but without
brand names such as Nike or Adidas.
Bianca Scarlato, a fourth-year RTA media
production student and Instagram style
personality, has similar a similar opinion.
Scarlato explained that drawing inspiration
from celebrities such as Rihanna or people on
Instagram is exactly what people should be
doing when styling themselves.
“If I find something cool, I wear it.
Anything I see online that I think is cool, I
make my own—you should be building off of
styles,” she said.

“Skate shops don’t want
to carry brands that are
overhyped anymore, they
want to stay niche, but
the cycle of exposure
and demand never really
ends”

PHOTO: BRYAN CHONG

munity and ways for followers to cultivate
their identity by expressing themselves and
collecting pieces of clothing they relate to
and identify with.
Shayan Jaffer, a fourth-year Ryerson
student has been closely following streetwear
since he was in high school. “In high school
having the new Jordans was the thing, now
everyone has them,” he said, adding that
many people who mimic popular trends are
unaware of their origins and significance.
Jaffer’s attentiveness to streetwear and its

Brands like Adidas and Nike are on the
top of Scarlato’s preferred style list, however they’re not always affordable. Instead,
she builds off of clothes that are reasonably
priced as well as comfortable, while maintaining streetwear brands that she loves.
Used Air Jordans can sell from between
$200 to $600 on websites such as Flight
Club, a consignment distributer known for
carrying Nike products. Scarlato says she’s
not willing to pay hundreds of dollars for
street shoes. A pair of Air Jordan 7 Retro J2K
PHOTO: TAGWA MOYO Filbert’s (a khaki coloured, ribbed shoe with
blue lining) has a price tag of $1,100 on the
history is what’s made him a notable Instasame website.
gram style personality.
The fear among people like Williams, who
Like Williams, Jaffer believes that the
appreciate brands due to their function, is
appeal of these niche styles diminishes with
that with a higher demand for the product,
their saturation in streetwear.
their clothes will be less accessible over time.
“Those who have always appreciated [these
“Skate shops don’t want to carry brands
brands] it for what they are, lose interest in
that are overhyped anymore, they want to
them with all this hype.”
stay niche. But the cycle of exposure and
The exclusivity of these brands, however, demand never really ends,” he said. “Once
has offended fashion lovers such as Daniella a big box corporate store starts carryBeca, a fourth-year English student and style ing these things, boutiques stop—which
blogger. Beca believes that streetwear—and upsets skaters, and people who are into
fashion in general—should be accessible to
streetwear.”

SPORTS

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

9

A changing of the Gardens
The Toronto Gay Hockey Association is helping marginalized athletes break barriers in an historic setting
By Ben Waldman
Bob Thompson remembers Maple
Leaf Gardens well, but not fondly.
In 1962, the year Thompson
was born, the Leafs won their first
of three consecutive Stanley Cup
championships. The team’s roster
was loaded with legends like Frank
Mahovlich, Johnny Bower and Red
Kelly. For kids like Thompson, it was
a special time to start loving hockey.
Thompson spent long days on the
ice at the local arena in his hometown
of Thornhill, Ont., practising his
shooting and deking. His brother
and sister played too, and their dad
coached them. The Thompson
family spent countless hours at the
rink each week, and wouldn’t have
it any other way; they were a hockey
family.
Over the years, a maintenance
man who worked at the rink became
a trusted friend of Thompson’s
parents, and started taking
Thompson and his older brother to
watch the Leafs play at the Gardens.

“Either I figure it
out or I commit
suicide”

The TGHA hosted the Eastern Canada Cup at the MAC.

basketball leagues, softball leagues
and swimming groups, but no
hockey.
In the late 1980s, Thompson and
a handful of other gay men started a
tiny hockey game on an outdoor rink
at Toronto’s Upper Canada College,
a kindergarten to grade 12 private
boys’ school in Toronto. It was the
modest beginning of the Toronto
Gay Hockey Association, or the
TGHA.
A few years later, the league
invited Montreal’s gay hockey
association for a “friendship game.”
That first game has grown to become
the Eastern Canada Cup, boasting
players from Vancouver, Calgary,
Boston, Los Angeles and elsewhere.
The league’s home base eventually
moved from Upper Canada College
to York University. A few years ago,
led by Thompson, the TGHA made
the move to the Mattamy Athletic
Centre at old Maple Leaf Gardens.
Decades after he was assaulted
there, Bob Thompson walked back
into the Gardens with his head held
high.
“I came full circle. I was the one
who brought the league to Maple
Leaf Gardens,” Thompson says with
pride. “Facing your fears is kind of …
it’s therapeutic.”
Almost 30 years after Thompson
and a few gay men played shinny on
a small outdoor rink in Ontario, over
200 LGBTQ men, women and allies
from across North America walked
into one of the most hallowed arenas
ever built to play in the 2016 Eastern
Canada Cup on Thanksgiving
weekend, likely the biggest gay
hockey tournament ever.

It was here that the man sexually
assaulted Bob. He was 11.
“For years, I couldn’t go back.
There were too many horrible
memories for me,” Thompson says
over the phone.
Today he is openly gay, but it was
a difficult journey, especially after
the assault. “That’s why I think I
had such a hard time understanding
my sexuality. It was associated with
something terrible from my past that
nobody talked about at that time.”
Thompson continued to play
hockey competitively through his
adolescence, but as he got older he
felt increasingly uncomfortable with
the talk and rhetoric that went on in
the locker room.
At the University of Guelph, he
played in a house league, struggling
to figure out who he really was.
After graduation, Thompson was
depressed, so he offered himself an
ultimatum: “Either I figure it out or
I commit suicide.”
He chose the former, and took an
impromptu trip to California.
“I rented a car and drove around,
and I ended up in my first gay bar,” “Facing your fears
Thompson laughs. He socialized with
is kind of ... it’s
the locals and when he mentioned
therapeutic”
he was from Toronto, they were
ecstatic. They told him that there
were some great sports leagues in
Toronto for gay men.
Maple Leaf Gardens, now home
When Thompson returned home, to Ryerson University’s athletics
the first thing he did was join a programs, sits within Toronto’s
gay volleyball league. There were Church-Wellesley village, a storied

PHOTO: BEN WALDMAN

monument with a complex history
of glory and disdain.
Stanley Cups were won here, the
Beatles played here and Muhammad
Ali put up his dukes here. Every inch
of the building, now repurposed and
remodelled, is a reminder of the past,
for better or for worse.
Portraits of sports legends like
Conn Smythe, the Leafs owner
who built the Gardens, and famed
broadcaster Foster Hewitt adorn
the walls. But so does one of former
Leafs owner Harold Ballard, whose
spirit looms large.
Ballard became a minority owner
of the Leafs in 1961, taking full
control of the club in 1972 after a
brief stint in prison for fraud.
He was famously sexist—“Women
will be allowed to go in the locker
room if they undress first,” Ballard
once said of female sportswriters.
In his memoir, former NHL
goalie Grant Fuhr’s wrote that
under Ballard, for the Leafs,
“drafting players of colour was not
considered.”
After Toronto Star sports reporter
Frank Orr wrote a somewhat critical
column about him, Orr alleged
Ballard started a rumour that he was
gay, which at that point was less an
observation than a blatant attempt to
demean a man and kill his career.
Attitudes like these were common
then. Coaches called players sissies
and bitches. Slurs like faggot were
thrown around at will. Being gay was
a boundary for athletes who dreamed
of playing in Ballard’s Garden, and in
many ways it still is.
The TGHA and the Eastern
Canada Cup are slowly but surely
knocking that barrier down.
Fifteen minutes before his team
takes the ice, Tom Leeson stretches
next to the rink, sprawled out in
his goalie equipment with his legs
jutting out to the side.
I ask him if he has 10 minutes to
talk.
“I’ll give you seven,” Leeson
replies. He takes this league and
the tournament seriously.
Leeson, a 29-year-old software

developer, didn’t play hockey
growing up. The TGHA was his
first major exposure to competitive
hockey, and he now plays in several
leagues around Toronto.
“It’s a privilege to play here,”
Leeson says with appreciation.
Bearded and towering, Leeson has
heard derogatory terms used many
times before. It discourages people,
he says, and often pushes gay people
away from sports.
“You shouldn’t be stuck on
the sidelines as a member of the
[LGBTQ] community.”
Leeson’s team takes the ice. They
lose, but one speedy skater on his
team stands out.
It’s Jeffrey Buttle, the former world
champion in men’s figure skating.
Buttle joined the TGHA five years
ago after he retired from competitive
skating, and he had never played
hockey before.
“Obviously I knew how to skate
though,” Buttle chuckled.

“This league
has been my
salvation”
Team sports frightened Buttle
growing up. He knew there was
a chance he’d feel alienated in the
crowd, so he stuck to figure skating.
“Until I knew there was a gay
hockey league I had no idea that I
could feel that comfortable about
who I am, learn a new sport and
meet people,” he said. “So when I had
that opportunity I jumped for it.”
“It’s been encouraging.”
As Buttle and Leeson’s team leaves
the ice, Terry Finucan, 58, waits for
his chance to play. He’s been in the
TGHA for 17 seasons.
“This league has been my
salvation,” Finucan says. Given his
past career, he’s heard the word a lot.
For 33 years, Finucan taught for
the Catholic School Board. At any
point during that tenure, Finucan’s
reputation could have been tarnished
for being a practicing homosexual.
“If I were ever called in and asked
if I was a ‘practicing homosexual,’
I would have said ‘I don’t need to
practice, I got this perfect,’” Finucan
jokes, snapping his fingers.
The happiness that the Eastern
Canada Cup injects into the arena
is contagious. It seems that every
single person there feels privileged
like Tom Leeson, encouraged like
Jeffrey Buttle or saved like Terry
Finucan.
As Thompson says, it’s a form of
therapy.
The league and its tournament
have given much to many. And to
do it in Maple Leaf Gardens is like
having the last laugh.

Men’s Soccer

Oct. 8 - Rams: 2
Oct. 9 - Rams: 6
Oct. 12 - Rams: 1
Oct. 15 - Rams: 3

Queen’s: 0
RMC: 0
Toronto: 2
Nipissing: 1

Women’s Soccer

Oct. 8 - Rams: 0 Queen’s: 3
Oct. 9 - Rams: 3 RMC: 0
Oct. 12 - Rams: 0 Toronto: 2

Men’s Baseball

Oct. 8 - Rams: 5 Brock: 7
Oct. 8 - Rams: 1 Brock: 11

woMen’s Fastpitch

Oct. 8 - Rams: 4 Brock: 5
Oct. 8 - Rams: 2 Brock: 6

Men’s Hockey

Oct. 8 - Rams: 4 Windsor: 2
Oct. 12 - Rams: 8 Brock: 6

woMen’s Hockey

Oct. 13 - Rams: 2 Brock: 3
(2 OT)

Men’s Basketball

Oct. 8 - Rams: 54 Dalhousie: 58
(exhibition)
Oct. 16 - Rams: 98 Ashland: 76
(exhibition)

woMen’s Basketball

Oct. 8 - Rams: 73 Fraser Valley: 51
(exhibition)
Oct. 15 - Rams: 59 Concordia: 69
(exhibition)
Oct. 16 - Rams: 72 Mount Royal: 51
(exhibition)

woMen’s volleyball

Oct. 8 - Rams: 3 Waterloo: 1
(exhibition)
Oct. 14 - Rams: 3 MacEwan: 0
(exhibition)
Oct. 14 - Rams: 1 UBC: 3
(exhibition)
Oct. 15 - Rams: 0 Mount Royal: 3
(exhibition)
Oct. 15 - Rams: 1 Western: 3
(exhibition)
Oct. 16 - Rams: 1 Thompson Rivers: 3
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BIZ & TECH

10

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

RyeSci to Government: We want more money

She blinded me with science then ran off with my wallet.

By Justin Chandler
Ryerson has asked the federal government to better fund scientific
research at smaller research institutions such as itself.
By Sept. 30, over 1,250 individuals and groups submitted proposals
to Canada’s Fundamental Science
Review panel for funding. The
panel’s review will conclude in
December.

PHOTO: CHRIS BLANCHETTE

In the report, Ryerson asked the
Liberals to fund non-traditional,
applied and multidisciplinary
research at “innovative, emerging
institutions.”
The panel was launched by federal science minister Kirsty Duncan
in June. The review is to assess
the current federal framework for
supporting Canadian science. It’s
being led by an independent panel,
headed by former University of

Charging Rye?

A Tesla electric car plugged into a charging station.

By Nikhil Sharma
A Toronto city councilor hopes
electric vehicle charging stations
could be installed near Ryerson
next year.
There are currently 5,800 electric
vehicles being driven on Ontario
roads, but there are no on-street
charging locations in Toronto. Officials believe a lack of charging stations in Canada deters people from
driving electric vehicles. But at
the end of last year, the provincial
government announced a $20-million investment from Ontario’s
Green Investment Fund to build
500 charging stations at over 250
locations by March.
“There is an appetite for
sustainable transit and electric
vehicles,” Coun. Mary-Margaret
McMahon (Ward 32, BeachesEast York) said.

PHOTO: ZOBEID ZUMA/FLICKR

She said charging stations could be
installed near parks and universities.
The stations could be available on
existing parking lanes.
In September, McMahon sent a
letter to the city’s public works and
infrastructure committee requesting
an update regarding on-street charging stations, a pilot project that was
supposed begin in 2012. The report
was not submitted, despite being
supported by council.
Staff are expected to report back
in the second quarter of 2017 on
practices used in other cities to
expand electric vehicle charging
stations, opportunities to support
the Toronto Parking Authority’s
expansion of charging stations,
and strategies to install stations
that would be convenient for
residents without driveways and
garages.
An average plug-in hybrid

Toronto president David Naylor.
Some researchers say the government tends to fund large research
projects at the expense of small ones.
Imogen Coe, dean of Ryerson’s
faculty of science, said “big vanity
projects” can direct funds away from
smaller projects. Ideally, she added,
the federal government will fund
research at institutions of all sizes.
The U15, a lobby group of 15
universities including U of T and
the University of Waterloo, is one
such group that Coe said holds more
influence than Ryerson on how
research is funded. She said institutions not in the U15 can get government funding, but it’s a challenge.
Coe said it’s important for public
science funding to be at a “basic and
consistent level.”
Ryerson’s report recommends
the federal government share resources and infrastructure among a
wider group of researchers.
Ryerson is also urging the
panel to recognize “research is a
spectrum that extends from purediscovery research to highly applied, industry-problem solution-

focused research.”
Pure-discovery research, also
called fundamental or basic science,
refers to science done for the sake of
discovering. Applied research takes
existing information and uses it to
solve existing problems.
The report says more opportunities for researchers will be created if
the government stops distinguishing between the two. The report
says doing so constrains researchers
with pre-determined expectations.
As well, Ryerson asked the
government to organize workshops, panels and a review of other
jurisdiction’s practices to improve
access to funding for inter and multidisciplinary research. According
to the report, there are “significant
barriers” to obtaining such funding.
Equity, diversity and inclusion in
Canadian science are also covered
in the report.
“Science has a diversity problem,
and in the quest for new ideas and
innovation, we cannot afford to
exclude any bright minds, ” it says.
The report says that there is an
underrepresentation of women,

Aboriginal people and visible
minorities in science, technology,
engineering and mathematics.
“The value to Canada is clear:
great ideas can happen anywhere,
from remote Northern reserves
to disadvantaged urban neighborhoods,” the report says.
Ryerson recommended the federal government support universities
whose research practices increase
equity and diversity in science.
Ryerson President Mohamed
Lachemi said Ryerson is pleased
the current federal government
understands that science and
research are important. He said
research and science were not
prioritized by the Harper government.
In the past year, Ryerson researchers have sent fungi to space,
tested small-scale wind turbines,
designed computer programs and
built parts for hyperloops.
Last month, the federal and
provincial governments invested
$36.63 million for Ryerson to
fund additional research and research spaces.

electric vehicle costs about $700
annually, or $1.92 a day for fuel,
which includes gasoline and electricity. A standard battery electric
vehicle costs less than $300 to fuel
per year. Comparatively, gaspowered cars can cost anywhere
between $1,000 and $2,500 per
year to fuel.
New electric vehicles can travel at
least 100 km on a single charge while
others can travel up to about 500 km.
A lower-end electric car costs
around $35,000.
Charging stations on campus
could be used in a ride-sharing program, where shared electric vehicles
would be charged so everyone could
use them, McMahon said.
Brian Miller, communications
advisor at Plug’n Drive, a nonprofit organization which supports
electric vehicles, said the security of
knowing that charging stations are
available can go a long way when
encouraging people to purchase
electric cars.
“People are under the impression
that when a car plugs in, the lights
are going to flicker and it’s going to
use hundreds of dollars a month of
electricity,” Miller said. “That’s not
the case at all.”
Plug’n Drive met with representatives from Ryerson two years ago
to discuss the possibility of installing
charging stations on campus. Miller
said his coworker suggested the residence across from the engineering
building as a place charging stations
could be installed.
Despite the interest in installing
the stations, Miller said there could
be logistical problems.
“Many parking lots and build-

ings weren’t designed with electric
vehicles in mind ... the cost for
installation can be quite expensive,” he said.
Charging station hardware,
electrical materials, labour and
permits are among what’s needed
to install a single-port public or

parking garage station, which can
cost up to $6,000.
An exact dollar amount for
Toronto installations has not yet
been determined, but McMahon is
hopeful that the idea will receive
more interest once the report
comes back.

App of the
Week
By Syed Razvi
IFTTT (If This Then That) is an
app that uses “recipes” to make your
phone more productive. It bridges
apps on your phone and can connect to internet-enabled devices in
your home. There are recipes for
networking, tracking productivity,
the news, staying fit and shopping.
The app (free on iOS and Android) works by pairing different
programs so that one action solicits
another.
IFTTT can detect your location to
turn on the heater. The app can even
help brew coffee as a user wakes up.
With triggers tailored to your time
zone, the app can connect to a WeMo
Insight Switch. This switch attaches
itself to a regular socket where the
coffee machine is plugged in.
The app can also connect to your
home’s security system with the use
of location services connecting it to
security systems like Scout.
Other recipes synchronize social

media accounts. The app can connect Twitter with Instagram, which
allows you to tweet what you post
on Instagram automatically as a full
picture and not just a link.
A phone’s location services can
be linked with messaging apps to
let friends know where you are over
the weekend or to notify people
when you leave work.
IFTTT can pair with Slack to
make team communication easier.
It organizes and stores important
emails and creates spreadsheets that
log you in and out of work to show
how much time you spent there.
It also works with products designed by Fitbit that help to track
health and fitness. That means when
the app notices you didn’t get enough
sleep, Google Calendar will suggest
times for a good night’s sleep. The
use of Google Docs helps to maintain
a spreadsheet to track gym visits and
daily activity.
The app can also update you with
news through email and notifications.

FUNNY THINGS

E Ask Yustin E

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

Every week, foreign indie
film sensation Yustin
Yandler will use his wealth
of knowledge and experience
to answer your questions
about everything

11

AUTUMN WORD SEARCH

Dear Yustin,
The other day my friend and I
were debating the existence of a higher power while on an escalator in
TRSM. My friend is a believer but I
don’t understand how a benevolent creator could break up Brangelina.
You played Assistant #2 in What a
Sunset, Mr. President. What’s your take
on creationism?
Sincerely,
Confused

[]

Dear Confused,

I hope there is a higher power and I
hope it blasts every single person who

ILLUSTRATION: ALANNA RIZZA

blocks the way on escalators, including you and your friend!
Grandad Yandler taught me a
lot of things: never drink more
than eight beers, California is too
far to go to get laid, half-and-half
cream is good and escalators are for
WALKING.
They’re not talkscalators, Confused. They were designed to keep
people moving. You should be walking when you’re on an escalator or you
should be standing as close to the right
as possible to make room for the people
behind you who actually value getting to

places on time.
I met my agent at TRSM and
I was almost late because I got
stuck behind a monster like
you. I know there are stairs, but
they only go up to the second level and taking stairs is hard (not for
me, but for some people).
Next time I see someone blocking an
escalator, I’m grabbing their ankles and
dragging them down to the bottom. I’ll walk slowly and the torment
will never end.

-Yustin

Squash
SweaterWeather
PumpkinSpiceLatte

Pie
Thanksgiving
Chilly

AppleCider

Cozy

Leaves

Cornucopia

Scarves

ApplePicking

Complete the autumn-themed word search for your chance to win a $25
David’s Tea gift card! Please drop off your completed puzzle with your
name, contact info and favourite fall dessert to the Eyeopener office (SCC
207). Enjoy this distinctly not Fall weather we’ve been having! It’s the worst.

Real Things That Happened.
For Real.
Cable and Kristoff after the winner of the Cardi-Get-It-On contest was announced.

PHOTO: CHRIS BLANCHETTE

CARDIGAN CONTROVERSY
By Skyler Ash
The second-runner-up in a Ryerson
cardigan wearing contest, CardiGet-It-On, is “outraged” after the
winner revealed he, “wasn’t really a
cardigan kind of guy.”
George Cable, who won the
contest, said in a post-victory lap
interview with The Eyeopener that
he doesn’t really like cardigans
that much. “I’m only here for the
ladies,” said Cable. “You can’t buy
this kind of fame; you have to earn
it.” Cable reportedly went home
alone that night.
Cable’s big win leaves the contest’s second-runner-up, Kris Kristoff, in a blind rage that he said he
hasn’t been able to shake since the
contest winner was announced on
Oct. 15. “This kind of thing really

ruins it for the whole cardigan community,” said Kristoff.
Kristoff is the president of Ryerson’s cardigan lovers club, Don’t
Sweat It (DSI), who label themselves as the school’s “tightest knit
community.” Cable isn’t a member of this club. “Right off the bat,
you know this guy’s a fraud,” said
Kristoff.
Anna Zinger, a Ryerson fashion
student and a judge for the contest, said that she and the other
judges weren’t aware of Cable’s
feelings about cardigans. “If we
had known, he definitely would
have been banned from participating.” All candidates are vetted through a “rigorous interview
process,” but Zinger said that
Cable “must have slipped through
like a dropped stitch.”

Drake caught getting pizza at Ringtails

Remember that guy who was supposed to come to 6 Fest but didn’t because
he “hurt his ankle”? Well, that little sneak was seen at campus restaurant,
Ringtails, getting pizza and his mom’s favourites: an apricot log and some
Other contestants don’t feel the buns. Guess he wasn’t too sick to leave the house, after all.
way that Kristoff and Zinger do.
“That George guy looked damn
good in that deep coral, cross stitch,
Weird rain-blizzard storm is gross
knee length cardigan,” said Oliver
Rafferty. “The best man won, I have
no qualms about that.”
Students are overwhelmingly pissed about that weird fucking rain that
“Unfortunately, nothing can be came down from all angles on Monday. What the hell was that all about?
done,” said Zinger. “We will, how- Umbrellas couldn’t save you from that hell storm, and neither did a jacket.
ever, be launching a formal investi- If the weather could just get its shit together, that would be great.
gation into George, by way of private investigator.”
The investigator, who wishes to
go simply by “Gum Shoe” in order
Students hearing strange sounds in Quad
to protect his identity, said that all
he knows about Cable so far is that Ryerson students have reported strange, late night sounds coming from
he’s an English major who drinks a the Quad over the past week. “It was sort of like a ZOOOOM! or maybe a
lot of lattes and spends a lot of time WHOOSH! but perhaps a KRAAAAAAHHH!” said third-year innovation
hitting on girls in the SLC. “That and incubation student Trish Inger. “I was just practicing my interpretive
guy gets a lot of rejections. Not dance in the moonlight on Thursday when I heard the sounds.” Inger said
quite sure why he keeps trying, but that she “got the hell out of there,” and reported the incident to Ryerson
he does.”
security, who pretended to look interested.

12

Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2016

Brandon Devlin
(aka Dev)
Business Management

Volunteer with the Eyeopener to get the
answer to this and many other pressing
questions facing the Ryerson Community.

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