heat exchanger

© All Rights Reserved

1 views

heat exchanger

© All Rights Reserved

- EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A PIPE USING TWISTED TAPES.pdf
- 2015 Experimental Study of Heat Transfer and Friction Factor of Al2O3 Nanofluid in U Tube Heat Exchanger With Helical Tape Inserts
- Ami Modeling Cool System
- Baffle selection.pdf
- Vedapuri Damodaran
- Advances in Passive Heat Transfer Augmentation-A Review
- 214.pdf
- 2010-Forced Convection Heat Transfer Enhancement by Porous Pin Fins in Rectangular Channels.pdf
- Performance Improvement IN REFRIGERATOR
- Thermal Engg R15 Syllabus.pdf
- Heat Transfer Ppt
- Chapter-7 Emparical Relation for Free Convection
- 56_Krueger_F
- Web Videos Nptel
- Gaurav(10600023)_Virendra(10600006)_ethesis_2.pdf
- Performance Evaluation of Green Roof and Shading for Thermal Protection of Buildings
- 04-More on Heat Transfer
- Tech Description
- ME_2007
- Hx design Project

You are on page 1of 8

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/etfs

separately from the tube wall

Halit Bas, Veysel Ozceyhan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Erciyes University, Kayseri 38039, Turkey

a r t i c l e

i n f o

Article history:

Received 20 October 2011

Received in revised form 3 January 2012

Accepted 12 March 2012

Available online 30 March 2012

Keywords:

Twisted tape insert

Heat transfer

Pressure drop

Heat transfer enhancement

a b s t r a c t

Flow friction and heat transfer behavior in a twisted tape swirl generator inserted tube are investigated

experimentally. The twisted tapes are inserted separately from the tube wall. The effects of twist ratios

(y/D = 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4) and clearance ratios (c/D = 0.0178 and 0.0357) are discussed in the range of

Reynolds number from 5132 to 24,989, and the typical one (c/D = 0) is also tested for comparison. Uniform heat ux is applied to the external surface of the tube wall. The air is selected as a working uid. The

obtained experimental results from the plain tube are validated by using well known equations given in

literature. The using of twisted tapes supplies considerable increase on heat transfer and pressure drop

when compared with those from the plain tube. The Nusselt number increases with the decrease of clearance ratio (c/D) and twist ratio (y/D), also increase of Reynolds number. For all investigated cases, heat

transfer enhancement (f) tends to decrease with the increase of Reynolds number and to be nearly uniform for Reynolds number over 15,000 and y/D lower than 3.0. The highest heat transfer enhancement is

achieved as 1.756 for c/D = 0.0178 and y/D = 2 at Reynolds number of 5183. Consequently, the experimental results present that the best operating regime of all investigated twisted tape swirl generator

inserts is detected at low Reynolds number, leading to more compact heat exchanger. The empirical correlations based on the experimental results of the present study are also given for prediction the heat

transfer (Nu), friction factor (f) and heat transfer enhancement (f).

2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

1. Introduction

Heat exchangers are mostly used devices in many areas of the

industries. Hence, the using of high performance heat exchangers

is very important for saving energy. A lot of methods are applied

to increase thermal performance of heat transfer devices such as

treated surfaces, rough surfaces, swirling ow devices, coiled

tubes, and surface tension devices [1].

Twisted tape swirl turbulator is one of the commonly used passive types for heat transfer augmentation due to their advantages

of steady performance, simple congurations and ease of installation [2]. These type inserts generate swirling ow and cause improved uid mixing between central region and the nearly wall

region so, the heat transfer in tubes can be enhanced by uid mixing. Sarma et al. [3] gave generalized correlations to predict friction

factor and convective heat transfer coefcient in a tube tted with

twisted tapes for a wide range of Reynolds number and Prandtl

number. The contribution to thermal performance of the conventional, short-width and center-cleared twisted tapes was studied

numerically [2]. Conguration optimization of regularly spaced

Corresponding author. Tel.: +90 352 437 4901x32108; fax: +90 352 437 5784.

E-mail address: ozceyhan@erciyes.edu.tr (V. Ozceyhan).

0894-1777/$ - see front matter 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermusci.2012.03.008

transfer was carried out by Wang et al. [4] by using computational

uid dynamics (CFDs) modeling. Eiamsa-ard et al. [5] presented

experimental study on convective heat transfer in a circular tube

with short-length twisted tapes inserted under uniform heat ux.

Akhavan-Behabadi et al. [6] conducted some experiments to analyze effects of twisted tapes on heat transfer enhancement and

pressure drop in horizontal evaporators. They selected R-134a as

working uid. Heat transfer and friction factor of CuO/water nanouid and water were experimentally investigated in circular tube

equipped with modied twisted tapes has alternate axis [79].

Eiamsa-ard et al. [10] performed experimental works on heat

transfer and friction factor characteristics in a double pipe heat exchanger tted with twisted tape elements. They made their analysis for both continuously placed twisted tape and twisted tape

placed with various free spaced in circular tube. The heat transfer

augmentation and pressure drop during condensation of HFC-134a

in a horizontal tube tted with twisted tapes were experimentally

analyzed [11]. Jaisankar et al. [12] experimentally examined the

heat transfer, friction factor and thermal performance caused by

twisted tape for solar water heater. Twist ratio, space ratio, tapewidth, rod-diameter and phase angle effects on heat transfer and

pressure drop were analyzed experimentally in a circular tube

tted with regularly spaced twisted tape elements [13]. Naphon

52

Nomenclature

c

Cp,air

D1

D2

f

h0

h

I

k

L

_

m

Nu

Pr

DP

r1

r2

r3

Re

q

Qloss

Qair

T

U

tape insert (m)

specic heat capacity of air (J/kg K)

inner diameter of the tube (m)

outer diameter of the tube (m)

friction factor

heat transfer coefcient of natural convection (W/m2 K)

local heat transfer coefcient (W/m2 K)

current (A)

thermal conductivity (W/mK)

length of the test tube (m)

air mass ow rate (kg/s)

Nusselt number

Prandtl number

pressure drop (Pa)

inner radius of the test tube

outer radius of the test tube (m)

outer radius of the insulation (m)

Reynolds number

heat ux (W/m2)

the heat loss (W)

the heat transfer to the air (W)

temperature (K)

uid velocity (m/s)

[14] also made experiments by using conventional twisted tape inserts in horizontal double pipe. Ferroni et al. [15] conducted some

experiments in circular tube equipped with physically separated,

multiple, short-length twisted tapes. Laminar convective heat

transfer enhancement in twisted tape inserted tube was discussed

experimentally by Sarma et al. [16].

In some studies, researchers focused the thermal effects of

twisted tape inserts in modied tube instead of smooth tube, for

example; Thianpong et al. [17] examined heat transfer enhancement in a dimpled tube with a twisted tape swirl generator inserted. They also presented the empirical correlations based on

the experimental results of their study for prediction the Nusselt

number and friction factor for Reynolds number from 12,000 to

44,000. Bharadwaj et al. [18] conducted experiments by using conventional type of twisted tapes to determine pressure drop and

heat transfer characteristics of water in a 75-start spirally grooved

tube.

Some researchers [19] modied the conventional twisted tape

geometries, for example; Murugesan et al. [20] used V-cut twisted

tapes to analyze heat transfer and pressure drop in a circular tube.

Some experiments were performed to obtain heat transfer

enhancement in a tube using delta-winglet twisted tapes [21].

Thermal characteristics were investigated experimentally in circular tube tted with serrated twisted tapes [22,23], with twisted

tapes consisting center wings and alternate-axes [24], with a

peripherally-cut twisted tape has an alternate axis [25].

Many researchers combined a swirl ow generator element

with one more; Experiments were realized to determine heat

transfer, friction factor and enhancement efciency in a tube with

combined conical-ring and twisted-tape inserts. [26]. Heat transfer

and the friction factor in the horizontal concentric tube placed with

twisted wires brush were investigated experimentally [27]. Eiamsa-ard et al. [28,29] studied heat transfer, friction factor and thermal performance behavior in a tube tted with the combined

between the twisted tape and wire coil. Thermal characteristics

in a tube inserted with dual twisted tape elements in tandem were

analyzed [30]. The effects of twin-counter/co-twisted tapes on heat

V

V_

Wtotal

y

voltage (V)

volumetric ow rate (m3/s)

total electrical power (W)

half of pitch (m)

Greek letters

q

uid density (kg/m3)

t

kinematic viscosity (m2/s)

f

heat transfer enhancement

Subscripts

b

bulk

c

twisted tape inserted tube

f

uid

i

inlet

iw

inner wall of test tube

ins

insulation

m

mean

o

outlet

ow

outer wall of test tube

p

plain tube

pp

pumping power

x

local

1

ambient

experimentally interpreted [31].

The given literature shows that twisted tape inserts are always

attached and contacted with the tube wall to enhance heat transfer. In some other kinds of inner rib inserted works, they used inner

ribs separated from the tube wall [32,33]. They investigated only

heat transfer enhancement because of destruction laminar sublayer, so they eliminated the heat transfer enhancement owing to

increasing the effective heat transfer area. Garcia et al. [34] focused

the disturbing laminar sublayer in terms of heat transfer enhancement caused by wire coil as a turbulence promoter. So, the effects

of laminar sublayer on heat transfer and the necessity of disturbing

existing layer were presented.

In many industrial applications such as heat exchangers, contaminants may get mixed with pure uids as water, and of course

inuences the heat transfer process and hence deteriorates the

effectiveness of such applications [35]. If uid contains some seeds

or impurities, Satta et al. [36] reported that seeding material led to

the contamination of the heat transfer surface. Moreover, it is clear

that attaching the inserts on the tube wall may cause more contamination over time in contacts points of inserts and tube inner

wall when compared to the plain wall, so there will be an additional resistance to heat transfer [32,33,37]. Thus, placing the inserts separated from the tube wall also provides abatement of

contamination.

In this experimental study, differently from literature, the

twisted tapes are placed separately from the tube wall to augment

heat transfer. So, the heat transfer is enhanced and also prevention

of the contamination is supplied. The experiments are carried out

with ve different twist ratios (y/D = 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4) and two

different clearance ratios (c/D = 0.0178 and 0.0357) in the range

of Reynolds number from 5132 to 24,989.

2. Experimental set-up

The schematic diagram of experimental set-up is given in Fig. 1.

The experimental facility includes a blower, a bell-mouth for air

53

entering to the tube uniformly, a ow meter to measure the volumetric ow rate, a calming tube (6000 mm) for developing ow

hydrodynamically and the heat transfer test tube (3100 mm) with

a twisted tape insert. The SS304 seamless steel test and calming

tube has 56 mm inner diameter (D1), 60 mm outer diameter (D2),

and 2 mm thickness (t). The twisted tapes tested in experiments,

which ve different twist ratios (y/D = 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0)

and two different clearance ratios (c/D = 0.0178 and 0.0357) are

considered in this experimental study, are fabricated from steel.

The schematic gure of the test tube with twisted tape insert is given in Fig.2. The teon attachments are manufactured according to

the twisted tape thickness and clearance ratios in order to x the

twisted tapes separated from the tube wall and attached onto

the twisted tapes to prevent contact of inserts with the tube inner

surface. The twisted tapes with teon attachments contained in

the experimental study are shown in Fig. 3.

3 kW blower is used to vacuum air through rstly calming tube

and then, it is directed through the test tube. Uniform heat ux is

applied to external surface of the test tube by means of heating

with electrical, whose output power is conducted by a variac transformer to supply constant heat ux along the entire section of the

test tube. The outer surface of the test tube is well insulated with

glass wool to reduce the convective heat loss to the surroundings.

The external surface temperatures of the test tube wall are measured by 28 K-type thermocouples, which are placed on the outer

wall of the test tube and calibrated within 0.2 C deviation by

thermostat before being used. Also, the inner and outer temperatures of the bulk air are measured by K-type thermocouples at certain points. A differential pressure transmitter is used to measure

pressure drop across the test tube. After the air passes the test

tube, it enters to the ow meter for determining volumetric ow

rate. The volumetric ow rate of air supplied from the blower is

controlled by varying motor speed through an inverter.

terms of Reynolds numbers from 5132 to 24,989 of the bulk air

and electrical power. The test tube is heated from the external surface during the experiments, and the data of temperatures, volumetric ow rate, pressure drop of the bulk air and electrical

output are recorded by a multi-channel data logger with high resolution after the system is approached to the steady state condition. The Nusselt number, Reynolds number, friction factor, heat

transfer enhancement are calculated based on the average outer

wall temperatures and the inlet and outlet air temperatures by a

computer program written in FORTRAN language.

The uncertainties of experimental measurements are determined by using the method given by Kline and McClintock [38].

The maximum uncertainties of the non-dimensional parameters

are obtained 3.1% for Reynolds number, 8.2% for Nusselt number

and 6.1% for friction factor.

3. Data collection and analysis

Fig. 2. Schematic view of the twisted tape inserted tube separated from the tube

inner surface with teon rings.

following procedures:

54

The local outer wall temperatures are measured from 28 different axial points on the outer surface of the test tube during experiments. Therefore, the heat loss is calculated for each part of the

test tube in which the thermocouples exist. The total heat loss is

taken as the sum of these 28 parts. The heat loss Qloss is the heat

transfer from the outer tube wall to the surroundings and can be

calculated as follows:

T ow T 1

Q loss

1

2pr 3 Lho

ln

r3

r2

2pkins L

In Eq. (1), r3 and kins indicate the outer radius and thermal conductivity of the insulation material, respectively, h0 represents the heat

transfer coefcient of the natural convection occurs between the

outer surface of the insulation and the surroundings determined

by iterative computation via FORTRAN computer code, also r2 is

the outer radius of the test tube.

The net electrical power and heat transfer to the air are calculated as;

_ p;air T 0 T i Q air

mc

Consequently, the heat ux applied to the test tube can be expressed as:

10

The energy balance is applied to the heated tube with a length

of Dx in order to calculate the bulk temperature of air (Tb) in any

cross-section. It can be calculated as:

_ p T b x T b x Dx

mc

DVI Q Loss

Dx

L

11

Here, m

and cp is the specic heat capacity of the air.

As a result, the local Nusselt Number can be expressed as;

Nux

hxD1

kf

12

The Reynolds number is dened by

Re

The heat supplied to the air by the electrical cable in the test tube is

about 34% higher than the heat absorbed by the air because of the

convection heat losses (Qloss) from the test section to the surroundings. The radiation heat losses were neglected because of the low

surface temperature and low emissivity of the insulation material.

Thus, only the heat transfer rate absorbed by the air is taken into

consideration for the convective heat transfer coefcient calculation.

The local heat transfer coefcient through the heated test tube

in any axial x direction is dened as;

q

hx

T iw x T b x

Here, Tiw(x) and Tb(x) represent the local inner wall temperature

of the heated test tube and local bulk temperature of the uid,

respectively.

Instead of the inner wall temperatures (Tiw), the outer wall temperatures (Tow) where the thermocouples exist are measured in the

experiments in order not to disturb the ow eld in the test tube.

Inner wall temperatures can be calculate by using the heat conduction equation in radial direction:

1 @

@T

rkt

Q v

r @r

@r

DVI Q Loss

2 2

1

L

p D2 D

4

U m D1

13

DP

q U 2m DL1

2

14

where Um indicates the mean uid velocity in the tube. All of the

thermophysical properties of air are determined at the overall bulk

mean temperature.

According to constant pumping evaluation criteria [39];

V_ DPp V_ DPc

15

and the relationship between the friction factor and Reynolds number can be given as below;

f Re3 p f Re3 c

16

17

an enhanced tube with twisted tape insert to that of a plain tube, hp

at a constant pumping power is introduced by Webb [39]:

1=3

hc

Nuc

Nuc

fp

Nup

fc

18

In existing equations, Nuc, Nup and fc, fp are Nusselt numbers and

friction factor with and without twisted tape in tube, respectively.

@T

0 insulated wall

kt

@r

T T ow

measured

f 1

Qv is the amount of the generated heat in the tube wall per volume

via the electrical power applied to the test tube. D2 and D1 indicate

the outer and inner diameters of the test tube, respectively. The

boundary conditions below are used according to the cross-section

of the test tube for solving the Eq. (5):

For r = r2:

For r = r1

T T iw

"

#

2

2

Q r2

r2

r1

T iw T ow v 2 In

1

4kt

r1

r2

W net

pD2 L

Qv

Consequently, the inner wall temperature of the tube (Tiw) is dened as:

In this study, experimental results of Nusselt number and friction factor for the plain tube are obtained and validated with equations of Dittus Boelter and Petukhov as given below;

19

f 0:790 ln Re 1:642

20

The comparisons of Nusselt number and friction factor for the present plain tube with existing correlations are shown in Figs. 4 and 5,

respectively. These gures shows that validation experiments of

heat transfer in terms of Nusselt number and friction factor for

55

Fig. 6. Variation of Nusselt number with Reynolds number for different y/D ratios

(c/D = 0.0178).

Fig. 7. Variation of Nusselt number with Reynolds number for different y/D ratios

(c/D = 0.0357).

the plain tube are in good agreement with the results obtained from

Dittus-Boelter and Petukhov equations. The results of present plain

tube and previous equations are nearly the same. Thus, this accuracy provides reliable results for heat transfer and friction factor

in a tube with twisted tape inserts in this present study. Also, the

experimental results of Nusselt number and friction factor for the

plain tube are correlated as follows,

21

f 0:3131 Re0:249

22

The variations of Nusselt number with Reynolds number for ve

different twist ratios (y/D = 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4) of the inserts with

c/D = 0.0178 and c/D = 0.0357, respectively, are shown in Figs. 6

and 7. The Nusselt number from the plain tube is also plotted for

comparison. Nusselt number increases with the decrease of twist

highest Nusselt number is achieved for twist ratio (y/D) = 2 and

clearance ratio (c/D) = 0.0178 among the existing clearance ratios

and twist ratios. The results of heat transfer in terms of Nusselt

number for the tube with twisted tapes inserted are found about

95175%, 75157%, 69137%, 46118% and 39112% higher than

the plain tube depending on Reynolds number for y/D = 2, 2.5, 3,

3.5 and 4, respectively, at c/D = 0.0178. These values are also obtained as 87168%, 73138%, 64125%, 41108% and 36100%

for the same twist ratios, respectively, at c/D = 0.0357.

The relationship between pressure loss in terms of friction factor and Reynolds number for the tube with twisted tape inserted

which have given twist ratios and clearance ratios, and also for

the plain tube is presented in Fig. 8 and 9. It is found that using

twisted tape gives higher friction factor values than those from

the plain tube as expected. The friction factor decreases with the

increase of twist ratio and Reynolds number. The highest friction

56

D = 0.0178 and c/D = 0.0357), and also typical twisted (TT) tape

(c/D = 0) has the existing twist ratios is examined for comparing

with the separated types. Fig. 10 shows the effects of the clearance

ratio and the typical one on Nusselt number depending on Reynolds number at the same twist ratio. It is clear from the gure that

Nusselt number increases with the decrease of clearance ratio. For

all examined twist ratios, the highest Nusselt number is obtained

from the typical one (TT) when compared with the separately

placed types at the same twist ratios (y/D = 2, 3, 4).

The variation of friction factor with Reynolds number at the

same twist ratios for c/D = 0.0178, 0.0357 and 0 (TT) is given in

Fig. 11. It shows that friction factor decreases with the increase

of clearance ratio and Reynolds number. The maximum friction

factor is always achieved from the typical type of twisted tape

(c/D = 0) for the same twist ratios (y/D = 2, 3, 4).

Obtained experimental results from the typical one (TT, c/D = 0)

are correlated to predict Nusselt number and friction factor and are

expressed as:

Fig. 8. Variation of friction factor with Reynolds number for different y/D ratios (c/

D = 0.0178).

25

26

Fig. 10. Variation of Nusselt number with Reynolds number for different c/D ratios.

Fig. 9. Variation of friction factor with Reynolds number for different y/D ratios (c/

D = 0.0357).

D = 0.0178 included given clearance ratios and twist ratios. The

highest friction factor values of the tube with twisted tape inserts

are found about 4, 3.5, 3.1, 2.6 and 2.5 times that of the plain tube

for y/D = 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4, respectively, at c/D = 0.0178. They are

also achieved as 3.8, 3.1, 2.8, 2.4 and 2.2 times that of the plain

tube for the same twist ratios, respectively, at c/D = 0.0357.

It is noted that the experimental results of Nusselt number and

friction factor for the tube with twisted tape inserted are correlated

depending on twist ratio (y/D) and clearance ratio (c/D) as follows,

23

24

The present experimental investigation of heat transfer and friction factor is realized with two different clearance ratios (c/

Fig. 11. Variation of friction factor with Reynolds number for different c/D ratios.

57

Fig. 12 and 13 show the variation of heat transfer enhancement

with Reynolds number for ve different twist ratios (y/D = 2, 2.5, 3,

3.5 and 4) of the twisted tapes with c/D = 0.0178 and c/D = 0.0357,

respectively. In general, the heat transfer enhancement decreases

with the increase of Reynolds number and twist ratio. The variation of heat transfer enhancement with twist ratio is nearly the

same at the y/D = 3.5 and 4. It means that heat transfer enhancement decreases with increase of twist ratio up to y/D = 3.5, then

it is nearly uniform. It is also clear from these gures that the heat

transfer enhancement is greater than 1 in the range of Reynolds

number from 5132 to 24,989 for all cases. The maximum heat

transfer enhancements for c/D = 0.0178 and y/D = 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5

and 4 are about 1.75, 1.70, 1.64, 1.60 and 1.58, respectively. These

values are achieved as about 1.74, 1.64, 1.61, 1.57 and 1.57, respectively, for c/D = 0.0357 and the same twist ratios.

Fig. 14. Variation of heat transfer enhancement with Reynolds number for different

c/D ratios.

the same twist ratio are given in Fig. 14. TT is also added to compare. In general, the typical one provides more heat transfer

enhancement than separately placed types at the same twist ratios.

Nevertheless, the heat transfer enhancement is the nearly same for

the different clearance ratios and typical type at the same twist ratios. It means that the more effective parameter is the twist ratio

on heat transfer enhancement than the clearance ratio. In general,

heat transfer enhancement is greater for c/D = 0.0178 than for c/

D = 0.0357 at the same twist ratio.As a result, the heat transfer

enhancement is correlated as well as Nusselt number and friction

factor as;

27

Fig. 12. Variation of heat transfer enhancement with Reynolds number for different

y/D ratios (c/D = 0.0178).

28

5. Conclusion

Fig. 13. Variation of heat transfer enhancement with Reynolds number for different

y/D ratios (c/D = 0.0357).

studied experimentally in this present study. The twisted tapes

are placed separately from the tube wall to obtain only heat transfer increase depending on laminar sublayer destruction near the

tube wall. So, the effect of increased heat transfer surface area is

eliminated. The results are given as follows;

The twist ratio (y/D) has major effect when compared with the

clearance ratio (c/D) on heat transfer in twisted tape inserted tube.

The heat transfer enhancement decreases, while Reynolds number increases and it is nearly constant at Reynolds number is higher than 15,000 and twist ratios are lower than 3.

The highest heat transfer enhancements are obtained as 1.756

for c/D = 0.0178, as 1.744 for c/D = 0.0357 and as 1.789 for the typical twisted tape (c/D = 0) at y/D = 2 of all twist ratios.

Heat transfer enhancement is higher in the tube with twisted

tape inserted which has c/D = 0.0178 than c/D = 0.0357 for all

cases.

Experimental results show that using twisted tape separately

from the tube wall instead of attached type can also supply

enhancement on heat transfer. Also, this provides less contamination when compared with the attached one.

58

References

[1] A.E. Bergles, ExHFT for fourth generation heat transfer technology,

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 26 (2002) 335344.

[2] J. Guo, A. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Liu, A numerical study on heat transfer and friction

factor characteristics of laminar ow in a circular tube tted with centercleared twisted tape, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 50 (2011)

12631270.

[3] P.K. Sarma, P.S. Kishore, V. Dharma Rao, T. Subrahmanyam, A combined

approach to predict friction coefcients and convective heat transfer

characteristics in A tube with twisted tape inserts for a wide range of Re and

Pr, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 44 (2005) 393398.

[4] Y. Wang, M. Hou, X. Deng, L. Li, C. Huang, H. Huang, G. Zhang, C. Chen, W.

Huang, Conguration optimization of regularly spaced short-length twisted

tape in a circular tube to enhance turbulent heat transfer using CFD modeling.

[5] S. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, P. Eiamsa-ard, P. Promvonge, Convective heat

transfer in a circular tube with short-length twisted tape insert, International

Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 36 (2009) 365371.

[6] M.A. Akhavan-Behabadi, R. Kumar, A. Mohammadpour, M. Jamali-Asthiani,

Effect of twisted tape insert on heat transfer and pressure drop in horizontal

evaporators for the ow of R-134a, International Journal of Refrigeration 32

(2009) 922930.

[7] K. Wongcharee, S. Eiamsa-ard, Enhancement of heat transfer using CuO/water

nanouid and twisted tape with alternate axis, International Communications

in Heat and Mass Transfer 38 (2011) 742748.

[8] K. Wongcharee, S. Eiamsa-ard, Friction and heat transfer characteristics of

laminar swirl ow through the round tubes inserted with alternate clockwise

and counter-clockwise twisted-tapes, International Communications in Heat

and Mass Transfer 38 (2011) 348352.

[9] S. Eiamsa-ard, P. Promvonge, Performance assessment in a heat exchanger

tube with alternate clockwise and counter-clockwise twisted-tape inserts,

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53 (2010) 13641372.

[10] S. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, P. Promvonge, Experimental investigation of heat

transfer and ow friction in a circular tube tted with regularly spaced twisted

tape elements, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 33

(2006) 12251233.

[11] V. Hejazi, M.A. Akhavan-Behabadi, A. Afshari, Experimental investigation of

twisted tape inserts performance on condensation heat transfer enhancement

and pressure drop, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer

37 (2010) 13761387.

[12] S. Jaisankar, T.K. Radhakrishnan, K.N. Sheeba, Experimental studies on heat

transfer and friction factor characteristics of forced circulation solar water

heater system tted with helical twisted tapes, Solar Energy 83 (2009) 1943

1952.

[13] S.K. Saha, A. Dutta, S.K. Dhal, Friction and heat transfer characteristics of

laminar swirl ow through a circular tube tted with regularly spaced

twisted-tape elements, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 44

(2011) 42114223.

[14] P. Naphon, Heat transfer and pressure drop in the horizontal double pipes with

and without twisted tape insert, International Communications in Heat and

Mass Transfer 33 (2006) 166175.

[15] P. Ferroni, R.E. Block, N.E. Todreas, A.E. Bergles, Experimental evaluation of

pressure drop in round tubes provided with physically separated, multiple,

short-length twisted tapes, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 35 (2011)

13571369.

[16] P.K. Sarma, T. Subramanyam, P.S. Kishorea, V.D. Raoc, S. Kakac, Laminar

convective heat transfer with twisted tape inserts in a tube, International

Journal of Thermal Sciences 42 (2003) 821828.

[17] C. Thianpong, P. Eiamsa-ard, K. Wongcharee, S. Eiamsa-ard, Compound heat

transfer enhancement of a dimpled tube with a twisted tape swirl generator,

International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 36 (2009) 698704.

[18] P. Bharadwaj, A.D. Khondge, A.W. Date, Heat transfer and pressure drop in a

spirally grooved tube with twisted tape insert, International Journal of Heat

and Mass Transfer 52 (2009) 19381944.

[19] S. Eiamsa-ard, P. Seemawute, K. Wongcharee, Inuences of peripherally-cut

twisted tape insert on heat transfer and thermal performance characteristics

[20]

[21]

[22]

[23]

[24]

[25]

[26]

[27]

[28]

[29]

[30]

[31]

[32]

[33]

[34]

[35]

[36]

[37]

[38]

[39]

in laminar and turbulent tube ows, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science

34 (2010) 711719.

P. Murugesan, K. Mayilsamy, S. Suresh, P.S.S. Srinivasan, Heat transfer and

pressure drop characteristics in a circular tube tted with and without V-cut

twisted tape insert, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer

38 (2011) 329334.

S. Eiamsa-ard, K. Wongcharee, P. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, Heat transfer

enhancement in a tube using delta-winglet twisted tape inserts, Applied

Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 310318.

S. Eiamsa-ard, P. Promvonge, Thermal characteristics in round tube tted with

serrated twisted tape, Applied Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 16731682.

S.W. Chang, Y.J. Jan, J.S. Liou, Turbulent heat transfer and pressure drop in tube

tted with serrated twisted tape, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 46

(2007) 506518.

S. Eiamsa-ard, K. Wongcharee, P. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, Thermohydraulic

investigation of turbulent ow through a round tube equipped with twisted

tapes consisting of centre wings and alternate-axes, Experimental Thermal

and Fluid Science 34 (2010) 11511161.

P. Seemawute, S. Eiamsa-ard, Thermohydraulics of turbulent ow through a

round tube by a peripherally-cut twisted tape with an alternate axis,

International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 37 (2010) 652659.

P. Promvonge, S. Eiamsa-ard, Heat transfer behaviors in a tube with combined

conical-ring and twisted-tape insert, International Communications in Heat

and Mass Transfer 34 (2007) 849859.

P. Naphon, T. Suchana, Heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop of the

horizontal concentric tube with twisted wires brush inserts, International

Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 38 (2011) 236241.

S. Eiamsa-ard, P. Nivesrangsan, S. Chokphoemphun, P. Promvonge, Inuence of

combined non-uniform wire coil and twisted tape inserts on thermal

performance characteristics, International Communications in Heat and

Mass Transfer 37 (2010) 850856.

P. Promvonge, Thermal augmentation in circular tube with twisted tape and

wire coil turbulators, Energy Conversion and Management 49 (2008) 2949

2955.

S. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, P. Eiamsa-ard, P. Promvonge, Thermal

characteristics in a heat exchanger tube tted with dual twisted tape

elements in tandem, International Communications in Heat and Mass

Transfer 37 (2010) 3946.

S. Eiamsa-ard, C. Thianpong, P. Eiamsa-ard, Turbulent heat transfer

enhancement by counter/co-swirling ow in a tube tted with twin twisted

tapes, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 34 (2010) 5362.

S. Gunes, V. Ozceyhan, O. Buyukalaca, The experimental investigation of heat

transfer and pressure drop in a tube with coiled wire inserts placed separately

from the tube wall, Applied Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 17191725.

V. Ozceyhan, S. Gunes, O. Buyukalaca, N. Altuntop, Heat transfer enhancement

in a tube with using circular cross-sectional rings separated from wall, Applied

Energy 85 (2008) 9881001.

A. Garcia, P.G. Vicente, A. Viedma, Experimental study of heat transfer

enhancement with wire coil inserts in laminar-transition-turbulent regimes

at different Prandtl numbers, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

48 (2005) 46404651.

A.B. Helali, Effects of water contamination on sub-cooled ow boiling heat

transfer, Energy Conversion and Management 52 (2011) 22882295.

F. Satta, D. Simoni, G. Tanda, Experimental investigation of ow and heat

transfer in a rectangular channel with 45 angled ribs on one/two walls,

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 37 (2011) 4656.

S. Gunes, V. Ozceyhan, O. Buyukalaca, Heat transfer enhancement in a tube

with equilateral triangle cross sectioned coiled wire inserts, Experimental

Thermal and Fluid Science 34 (2010) 684691.

S.J. Kline, F.A. McClintock, Describing uncertainties in single sample

experiments, Mechanical Engineering 75 (1953) 385387.

R.L. Webb, Performance evaluation criteria for use of enhanced heat transfer

surfaces in heat exchanger design, International Journal of Heat and Mass

Transfer 24 (1981) 715726.

- EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A PIPE USING TWISTED TAPES.pdfUploaded byIAEME Publication
- 2015 Experimental Study of Heat Transfer and Friction Factor of Al2O3 Nanofluid in U Tube Heat Exchanger With Helical Tape InsertsUploaded byAnonymous 7BQxlt8c
- Ami Modeling Cool SystemUploaded byMoisés Vázquez Toledo
- Baffle selection.pdfUploaded bymaruthigabbita
- Vedapuri DamodaranUploaded byleninbtech
- 214.pdfUploaded bygetsweet
- 2010-Forced Convection Heat Transfer Enhancement by Porous Pin Fins in Rectangular Channels.pdfUploaded bypokachon
- Advances in Passive Heat Transfer Augmentation-A ReviewUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Performance Improvement IN REFRIGERATORUploaded byPoke-it Gupta
- Thermal Engg R15 Syllabus.pdfUploaded bySudha Sudhakar
- Heat Transfer PptUploaded byRodriguez Arthurs
- Chapter-7 Emparical Relation for Free ConvectionUploaded byJohnny
- 56_Krueger_FUploaded byImtinan Mohsin
- Web Videos NptelUploaded byprasanthi
- Gaurav(10600023)_Virendra(10600006)_ethesis_2.pdfUploaded byRohan Prajapati
- Performance Evaluation of Green Roof and Shading for Thermal Protection of BuildingsUploaded byMihaela20073
- 04-More on Heat TransferUploaded bydwi sutikno
- Tech DescriptionUploaded byanp5043
- ME_2007Uploaded byالعلم نور
- Hx design ProjectUploaded byKashan Aslam
- TutorialUploaded byJayden Chan
- 2018 PKM1 M1a Introduction of HTUploaded byBima Nur Satria
- daniel hovley resumeUploaded byapi-264727868
- Bergles_2006Uploaded byRodolfo Espinosa
- energies-10-01079Uploaded byaisya mutia syafii
- Reynolds Number TheoryUploaded byRonald Tyson
- undular.pdfUploaded byAlirezakh
- Macgregor 1995Uploaded byDanielle Barker
- TitleUploaded byJoel Vaz
- WILLHITE.pdfUploaded byvitaxn

- III IV SEM Mechanical Prodn Indus Prod SyllabusUploaded byAshok Joshi
- steam turbine buy onkarUploaded bySandip Kumar
- 268 General Knowledge Set AUploaded bySwarna Shilpa
- 25ae1 April 2019 CA EnglishUploaded byaravindrt
- IAR2012_16Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Mechanical 2nd YrUploaded bydengercoolkamal
- gate question papers mechanicalUploaded byRohu Paliwal
- GS_Preliminary_2017_Questions_Final.pdfUploaded bylakshman
- IAS Parliament Geo Environment- FullUploaded bypremaanivas
- BpscUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Ese Syllabus PAPERUploaded byAkhileshwar Kashyap
- ME 2017 Paper 2 Solution Watermark.pdf 44Uploaded byPtolemy Thought
- 2Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Production Flow AnalysisUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Dit 4th Yr SyllabusUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- LeanUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Nptel.ac.in Courses 112103174 Module1 Lec2 1Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Ibm Placement PapersUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- 2009-10-3Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- 5 Sem Heat and Mass Transfer 2011- 2012Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- 4 Sem Industrial Engineering 2011Uploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Introduction to PROUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Source Code in C Program for Curve FittingUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Axial Load and Deflection in SpringUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- Circle Generation by Mid Point MethodsUploaded byErPriyeRanjan
- CONV-MECH-IUploaded byErPriyeRanjan

- STHE2Uploaded byEman Abdel Raouf
- Bff3203-Heat Transfer 21314Uploaded byMystery
- SPWLA-1965-FUploaded bysaeed65
- [1] Temperature MeasurementUploaded byJasmine Bianca Castillo
- Lecture 01 Energy Balances No ReactionUploaded byCaseyJaneAguilar
- Cetu Guide Mod Aer f1 en 2012-10-23 BdUploaded byrpirai
- 05. Transient Heat Conduction Lump Capacity MethodUploaded byEn Csak
- TSM OnemarkUploaded byporseena
- Thermodynamics NumericalsUploaded bypraveenhake
- Thermal Power PlantUploaded byMuhammadHumza
- Process Equipment Cost Estimation-Heat-ExchangerUploaded byYang Gul Lee
- A 268 _ A 268M _ 01 ;QTI2OC0WMQ__.pdfUploaded byMan98
- 2 Stage Compressor With IntercoolerUploaded byKatrina Charles
- Salas 2010Uploaded byAma Preda
- F.T. CurriculumUploaded bymunirft
- Physics I Problems (214)Uploaded bybosschellen
- Fuel Superheating PaperUploaded bySDP02
- 9702_s03_qp_4Uploaded byCaterina De Luca
- L.N.04.docUploaded bybino
- week9-3Uploaded byPALAGISUNIL_16035918
- Thermodynamics Lecture Notes 2014 1st PartUploaded byPhuong Le
- Solar OvenUploaded byAnvith Annapureddy
- Evaluation of Thermoacoustic Cycles for Cooling ApplicationsUploaded byIndranil Bhattacharyya
- Polymer SimulationUploaded byGnanasambandan Swaminathan
- Term Odin a MicaUploaded byDamián Mentzel
- Ostapenko O ArticleUploaded bySCASPEE
- INTRODUÇÃO do PCCUploaded byelsonteixeira
- Convection Heat Transfer CoefficientUploaded bynurettin
- Report Heat ExchangerUploaded byridzuwan rahimi
- New Energy Technologies Issue 05Uploaded byblameitontherain9877