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2012 - 2013

Table of Contents
Section 1: Introduction............................................. 5

About the technical catalogue.....
5

Applications of the system...
5

Advantages of the system...
7
Environmental Friendliness....
8

Characteristics of PPr.......................
9

Pressure and Heat Resistance..
9
Hygienic Properties..
12
UV Resistance
12
Sound Insulation
12
Fire Resistance..
13
Chemical Resistance..
13
Installation..
14

Service & Support
14
Warranty
14
Features.
15
Quality Assurance...
17

Standards and Regulations..
18
Section 2: Product Range. .......................... 19

SDR 11 (PN10) solid PPr pipe
19

SDR 7.4 (PN16) solid PPr pipe..
19

SDR 6 (PN16) solid PPr pipe.
20

SDR 6 (PN20) solid PPr pipe.
20

SDR 5 (PN20) solid PPr pipe.
21

SDR 5 (PN25) solid PPr pipe.
21

SDR 7.4 (PN20) Fibro-composite PPr pipe
22

SDR 6 (PN25) Fibro-composite PPr pipe...
22

Fittings & Accessories....
23
Section 3: Welding............ 33
Introduction.....
33

Using Welding Device and Tools.......
33

Preperation For Welding.................
36
Welding Procedure.........................
37
Weld-In Saddles.................
38

Installation of Weld-In Saddles................
38

Welding Safety Precautions and Guidelines.................
39
Section 4: Installation....................... 40
Introduction......
40

General Installation Guidelines......
40

Sliding & Fixed Point Fastening Methods.....
41

Fixed Points....
42

Sliding Points......
43
Concealed Installations....
43

Installations in Service Ducts....
44
Exposed Installations.....
45
Expansion Provisions...
45
Linear Expansions....
45

Linear Expansion Calculation Example....
47
Bends (Knees)......
50

Knee Calculation Example.......
50

Pre-stressing of Bending Knee......
51

Knee Pre-stressing Calculation Example...
52
Expansion Loop....
53

Expansion Loop Calculation Example...........
54

Pre-stressing Of Expansion Loop..........................................
55

Expansion Loop Pre-stressing Calculation Example...
56
Effective Spans....
57
Pipe Bending........
58

Pipe Clamping.....
58

Insulation of Pipes....
59

Insulation for Cold Water Applications.......
59

Insulation for Hot Water Applications..........
60
Pressure Test...
60

Flushing of the Network..
61

Electrical Grounding of the Network.....
62

Transport & Storage.....
62

Water Point Connections............................................................
62
Section 5: Planning and Design ......... 63

Principles of Calculating Piping Size...
63

Peak Flow Rate (Tables 5.2-15.2-2):........
64

Pipe Friction Gradient Flow Rate (Tables 5.3-15.3-25):..
66

Chemical Resistance of Polypropylene (Table 5.4):.....
91


Coefficient of loss -Value for Fittings (Table 5.5-15.5-2):........ 92

Introduction

about

Technical Catalogue:

This catalogue is intended for civil


designers, engineers, and plumbing
installers of sanitary systems for water
supply. The catalogue is divided into 5
sections as follows:
Section 1:

Introduction.

Section 2:

Product Range.

Section 3:

Welding.

Section 4:

Installation.

Section 5:

Planning & Design.

Applications of the

System

Cold and warm potable water pipe delivery networks in virtually all buildings
including villas, residential & office buildings, tower buildings & functional buildings
such as schools, hospitals, hotels and stadiums.
Water distribution within buildings, including infrastructure, mains, risers & manifolds.
Hot pipe networks such as boilers, heat generator mains & radiator connections.
Compressed air circuits for factories & buildings.
Swimming pool networks.
Networks for the delivery of aggressive fluids.

Introduction

Boiler Installations

Kitchen Installations

Distribution Cabinet

Piping Network

Radiator Installations

Household Network

Introduction

Advantages of the

system

offers a comprehensive PP-R system designed for the delivery of pressurized hot and
cold water in residential, commercial and industrial applications, with the following
advantages:

Wide range of temperature application.

Wide variety of components to cover all your fluid supply needs.

Mechanical strength and durability.

No corrosion within the piping network.

Prevention of corrosion within other interacting systems.

Excellent flow performance properties.

High resistance to most chemicals.

Hygienically sound with no adverse affects on potable water.

Easy and reliable installation technique.

Long and trouble free service life.

Excellent price/ benefit ratio.

Introduction

Environmental friendliness
Thermoconcept materials are recyclable & can be used again for many various
applications of lesser technical demands, There are no polluting substances with PP-R
either in its processing or in its disposal. This defines the Thermoconcept system as
environmentally friendly (consistent with our aims and those outlined by DVGW (W270).
Moreover, in the case of disposal in landfills, polypropylene is neutral if in contact with
surrounding natural resources such as water. Moreover, no toxic residues arise when
burnt in refuse incineration plants.
To ensure environmental compatibility, PPr, as well as all colorant additives, comply
with the highest ecological standards of health.

Characteristics of PPr.
The technical suitability of PPr for water delivery systems has been proven for decades. Environmentally
friendly and hygienically enhanced potable water pipe system made from PPr is physiologically and
microbiologically harmless.
The Thermoconcept pipe system is designed for continuous temperatures of 0 C to 70 C, short-term
peak temperatures of up to 100 C and a service life of min. 50 years.
Polypropylene random copolymer (PPr), which is the principal material used in Thermoconcept
water supply systems, was especially developed for engineering applications where certain stringent
characteristics are required. PPr is characterized by excellent all round physical properties, manifested in
excellent compressive and tensile strength, elasticity, corrosion, heat and chemical resistance. In addition,
PPr excerpts excellent joining (welding) characteristics. These properties make PPr the ideal material for
the delivery of potable water. (see tables 1.1 & 1.2)
Moreover, Thermoconcept PPr shows unique temperature resistance at elevated temperatures and for
long service periods and offers a reliable piping system even in the wide application ranges of 20C, to
beyond 100C.

Table 1.1: Physical Properties of PP-r Material


Properties
Test Method
Density
Melt Index
Tensile Strength
Elongation
Youngs Flexural
Modulus

230 C, 2.16 Kg
190 C, 5.0 Kg

ASTM C1238

g/10min

0.91

.25
.45

MPa

27.0

@ break Point

MPa
%

23.0
>400

MPa

850

ISO 527/1A, 50mm/min

ISO 180/1A

KJ/m2

ISO 306 (A), 50K/h


HS Method
HS Method
Dilatometer

C
C

K-1

30
8
3
130
141
>1013
1.5 x 10-4

The figures above are relative and represent empirical values obtained in various tests

Table 1.2: Resistance to Internal Hydrostatic Pressure


Condition
Required
Typical Value

Data

g/cm3

@ yield Point

23 C (2.75J)
Izod Impact
0 C (1.0J)
Strength (Notched)
-20 C (1.0J)
Vicat Softening Point
Melting Temperature
Surface Resistance
Mean Coefficient of Linear Expansion (0- 110 C)

Unit

DIN 53479

20 C

16 MPa

1 Hr

>10 Hrs

95 C

3.5 MPa

1,000 Hrs

>5,000 Hrs

110 C

1.9 MPa

8,760 Hrs

>10,000 Hrs

Test Method
ISO 1167

The figures above are relative and represent empirical values obtained in various tests

Pressure and Heat Resistance

The expected service life of the pipes supersedes 50 years depending on the installed system pressure and
pressure changes. Although a permanent temperature of 70 C to 90 C will reduce the operational life of the
system. however, a temperature rise up to 100 C in a short timeframe does not pose a problem. Tables 1.3 &
1.4 illustrate permissible working pressure.
All pipes and fittings and other components in the system have been subjected to a multitude of tests at
different pressures & temperatures (tables 1.3 & 1.4). Thermoconcept pipes & fittings are designed to
withstand constant temperatures up to 70 C. In reality, temporary increase in temperature for defined
periods should be planned for.

Table 1.3: Permissible Working Pressure (For Potable Water)


Years of
Service

Solid Pipe SDR 11


Nominal (PN10)

Solid Pipe SDR 6


SDR 7.4
Stabi Pipe SDR 7.4
Nominal (PN16)
Nominal (PN20)
Solid Pipe

Combi-fiber
Pipe SDR 7.4

Nominal (PN20)

Application

Temperature

Permissible Working Pressure (bars) / (1. 25 Safety Factor)

20 C

30 C

50 C

60 C

80 C

90 C

10

41.8
40.0
38.5
37.2
36.3
35.5
35.8
33.6
32.7
31.7
30.5
29.0
30.5
28.4
27.6
26.7
26.0
25.7
25.8
24.1
23.5
22.7
22.0
21.6
22.0
20.3
19.6
19.1
18.4
17.7
18.6
17.1
16.8
16.0
15.5
14.2
13.9
12.0
13.1
11.5
9.5
9.1
6.0
5.0

40.0
37.2
36.7
35.1
34.6
33.5
34.2
32.0
31.0
29.9
29.0
28.0
28.8
27.5
26.4
25.5
24.6
24.0
24.7
22.9
22.3
21.5
20.9
20.3
21.2
19.3
18.8
18.3
17.6
17.1
17.7
16.3
15.7
14.8
14.7
13.8
13.2
11.4
12.3
10.8
9.0
8.7
5.9
4.7

Hot Water Applications

70 C

33.4
31.5
30.7
29.4
28.9
28.0
28.5
26.6
26.0
25.0
24.2
23.4
24.0
22.9
22.0
21.3
20.6
20.0
20.6
19.1
18.6
17.9
17.4
17.0
17.7
16.1
15.7
15.3
14.7
14.3
14.8
13.6
13.1
12.4
12.4
11.5
11.0
9.5
10.3
9.0
7.5
7.3
4.9
3.9

Mixed Cold and Warm Water Applications

40 C

21.2
20.1
19.2
18.6
18.1
17.7
18
16.8
16.5
16.0
15.4
14.9
15.2
14.4
14.0
13,5
13.0
12.7
13.1
12.0
11.9
11.1
10.9
10.6
11.1
10.4
9.8
9.5
9.3
8.8
9.2
8.8
8.5
8.1
7.8
7.1
6.8
6.0
6.4
5.6
4.8
4.5
3.0
2.6

Cold Water Applications

10 C

1
5
10
25
50
100
1
5
10
25
50
100
1
5
10
25
50
100
1
5
10
25
50
100
1
5
10
25
50
100
1
5
10
25
1
5
10
25
1
5
10
1
5
10

Table 1.4: Permissible Working Pressure (For Potable Water)

Service
Conditions

Temperature

75 C

Fixed Continuous
70 C Working
Temperature, with
30 days/annum
working at

80 C

85 C

90 C

75 C

Fixed Continuous
70 C Working
Temperature, with
60 days/annum
working at

80 C

85 C

90 C

75 C

Fixed Continuous
70 C Working
Temperature, with
90 days/annum
working at

80 C

85 C

90 C

Years of
Service

5
10
25
45
5
10
25
42.5
5
10
25
37.5
5
10
25
37.5
5
10
25
45
5
10
25
40
5
10
25
35
5
10
25
30
5
10
25
45
5
10
25
37.5
5
10
25
32.5
5
10
25

Solid Pipe SDR 7.4


Nominal (PN16)

Solid Pipe SDR 6


Stabi Pipe SDR 7.4
Nominal (PN20)

Permissible Working Pressure (bars) @1.25 Safety


Factor
11.3
10.9
9.3
8.1
10.7
10.2
8.8
7.7
9.8
9.4
8.0
7.3
9.0
8.7
7.0
6.5
11.2
10.8
9.2
8.0
10.4
10.0
8.4
7.5
9.5
9.0
7.3
6.7
8.8
7.8
6.2
5.9
11.1
10.6
9.0
7.8
10.2
9.8
8.0
7.2
9.3
8.5
6.8
6.4
8.4
7.1
5.7

14.3
13.8
11.7
10.2
13.5
12.8
11.1
9.8
12.3
11.8
10.1
9.1
11.3
10.9
8.8
8.1
14.1
13.5
11.6
10.0
13.1
12.5
10.6
9.4
12.0
11.5
9.2
8.5
11.0
9.7
7.8
7.5
14.0
13.4
11.3
9.8
12.9
12.35
10.0
9.1
11.8
10.7
8.6
8.0
10.6
9.0
7.1

11

Hygienic Properties
Introduction

For the healthy and safe delivery of potable water,


the network system used must be free from any
interactions or reactions or influence on the delivered
fluid. This includes all materials and processes used
that will be in contact with the water, and therefore
influence the quality.
Another influencing factor in systems for water delivery
is the materials used in transition between the piping
network & connections within the piping system. The
materials of choice for the Thermoconcept system
are Dezincification Resistant Brass (DZR) or a special
food grade coating, in cases where direct contact
with the potable water is required. DZR is the approved
material which is unique in composition & treatment,
and is closely controlled in our labs to maintain its high
quality & reliability & conformity to required standards.
In other fittings that are not in contact with the water,
a unique corrosion resistant coating is applied, to
maximize service life & to keep the Thermoconcept
system safer & trouble free for decades after
installation.
The hygienic suitability of the material used for the
Thermoconcept system in resisting bacterial and
fungal growth, this is independently verified through
tests from International Hygiene Institutions.
Finally, the joining method is made through direct
welding of system components without the use of any
filler welding materials or catalyst, thus eliminating
any unhealthy contamination.

UV Resistance
In most applications, Thermoconcept piping system is not normally installed where
subjected to UV-radiation. In the cases where exposure to direct sunlight is required,
however, the use of Thermoconcept Stabi-x and Fibro-x pipes are recommended.
These pipes are accommodated for external use, and thus offer an external UV
protective layer.
Solid Thermoconcept pipes should not be installed without protection where subject to
UV radiation, unless shielding from direct UV rays is also installed. Thermoconcept pipes
and fittings are, however, UV protected with the external packaging upon delivery to
allow time for storage, transport and installation for a period of up to 6 months in exposed
areas. The protective package should not be removed until installation is commenced.

Sound Insulation:
Because of the nature of polypropylene, Thermoconcept PP-R system provides
significant sound insulation within building structures and therefore results in much lower
sound transmission when compared to metallic pipes.. (Refer to DIN 4109).

12

Fire Resistance:
Introduction

Thermoconcept pipes and fittings do


not omit toxic gases in the case of fire,
thus minimizing risk of developing dioxin
or other lethal or harmful gases such as
hydrogen chloride.
Fire protection guidelines are set in
accordance to national regulations.
materials
fulfill
Thermoconcept
requirements of fire class DIN 4102B2 (normally inflammable materials).
During construction, & when installing
piping systems in walls & ceilings &
other building structures, changes may
occur which will lower the fire resistance
such as holes & mountings, & therefore,
measures should be taken to restore
the structure to its original fire resistance
class by installing fireproof shields such
as rock wool.

Chemical Resistance:
Due to the nature of polypropylene,
Thermoconcept pipes and fittings are
highly chemical resistant at a wide range
of temperatures and pressures (Please
refer to Chemical Resistance Table in
section 5).
Thermoconcept transition elements with
nickel and chrome plated brass inserts are
usually adequate for all household and
less aggressive chemicals, however, may
not be suitable for the more aggressive
media, and therefore Thermoconcept
systems are designed to minimize contact
with the transported fluid.
For industrial application, however, where
chemical materials should pass through
the pipe system, it is advisable to use face
flanges for connections between the
pipes. If this is not possible or will hinder
the application, then please contact any
of our Service Department engineers to
obtain advice on the best solution for your
application.

13

Introduction

Installation:
Thermoconcept system components are
joined by simple fusion-welding techniques.
The components used in Thermoconcept
ensure reliable and repeatable welding
with short connection times, the system can
be pressure tested and put into operation
directly.

Service & Support:


Our service and support center is available
around the clock to answer your technical
queries, provide you with the expertise
needed in the design and installation of
your network.

Warranty:
As a statement to Thermoconcept quality
standards the Thermoconcept pipe system
carries a 10 year warranty for possible
material faults in all pipes, fittings and
accessories.**
**Warranty does not cover improper installation as per the
recommendations outlined in this catalogue. In the case
of a complaint of damage, it is our responsibility and right
to make an inspection of the fault at the site of installation
through our authorized personnel, within one week from the
date of reported written complaint sent to our main office
address.

14

Features of the thermoCONcept System:


Introduction

Whether for drinking water installations, or for heating installations, Thermoconcept


has the right system for your application. The completeness of the system & their
adaptability to integrate with other fittings or pipe systems of other materials, make
your choice ideal.
Following is a brief description of the systems available from Thermoconcept :

Solid pipes:
Available in PN10, PN16, and PN20, and size
ranges up to 160mm, this pipe has a wide
range of applications from cold applications
of air conditioning to mixed cold to hot
potable water, to radiator networks. In cold to
hot water networks, the Thermoconcept pipe
system is suitable for most applications.

Fibro pipe:
Available in PN20 & PN25, normal and UV
resistant, and size ranges up to 160mm, offers
the following advantages:
Significantly Lower longitudinal expansion
compared to conventional pipes.
Significantly higher flow rate for the same
pressure rating.
Higher pipe stiffness and impact strength.
Simple welding without any tedious peeling
processrequires shortest processing and
cooling times resulting in fast installation.
Piping spans can be increased thus saving
support intervals.
Being impermeable to light prevents the
appearance of algae.
Offers optimum cost-performance ratio.
First choice in high rise buildings and limited
space networks requiring high flow rate.

15

Fittings:

Introduction

Available in sizes of 20mm to 160mm, and made


to the pressure rating of PN25, Thermoconcept
fittings are designed to be used for all the piping
solutions available. Designed with efficiency in
mind, the smooth flow of the water coupled with
the elimination of edges and drastic turns in the
pipe fittings, Thermoconcept fittings minimize the
pressure drops due to these factors by almost 60%.
Transitional elements are made with corrosion
resistant nickel plating, which is never in contact
with the fluids for hygienic reasons. In the cases
where contact is unavoidable, dezincification
resistant brass (DZR), or a special foodgrade TIN
coating is applied.Connection components
include the following:
Socket welding fittings.
Brass transitional fittings.
Flanged joints
Weld-in saddles.

Complementing Components:
Made to corrosion resistant coatings, complementing
components offer a comprehensive solution to the
piping system inclusive of all requirements to complete
the task at hand. Complementing components include
the following:
Water point connections & accessories.
Manifolds.
shut-off devices.

Installation tools:
Installation tools and components are available
to ensure that your job can be executed in a
very efficient and effective manner resulting in
a perfectly joined and long lasting piping system
and high in performance. These include the
following:
Welding devices and machines: A large
variety of welding machines are available to
suit your application.
Cutting and peeling tools.
Installation supports & fastenings components.

16

Quality Assurance Our Mandate


Introduction

Thermoconcept was established with the mission of providing the highest levels
of quality products to its clients. Thermoconcept pipes and fittings are produced
according to numerous standards and regulations.
Our mandate is to exceed requirements stated by national and international authorities
& institutions and for that to be achieved, our comprehensive quality control system
starts at the very beginning from the time our required specifications are laid out,
to the continuous control of received raw materials, the processing of the product
which is checked regularly, packing, storage, shipping to the customer, & ends with
the servicing & support system provided to our customers.
Thermoconcept prides itself on its thorough manufacturing process that is supported
with state of the art machinery, well trained skilled professionals & continuous research
& development. Deviations on quality are avoided through a stringent process of inprocess data recording on the production lines that identify real-time changes in the
process.
To guarantee quality, Thermoconcept s state-of-art quality control labs are utilized
to perform different dimensional, physical and chemical property tests. Our engineers
undertake many tests to simulate the aging piping systems under working conditions.
These tests include the accelerated hydrostatic tests, impact tests, dimensional tests,
and many other tests according to DVGW, and other certification bodies requirements
and beyond.

C er t i f i cat i on s
I S O 9 00 1: 2 00 8 Qualit y M ana gem en t S y s t e m

Conformit y Cert ific at ion by SKZ - Germ an y

Tec hnic al and S c ient ific Asso ci ati o n f o r Gas


and Wat er DV GW - German y

Wat er Tec hnology Cent er TZW - Germ an

17

Standards & Regulations:


Introduction

Thermoconcept products are made under strict control using the following standards
& regulations:
DIN 8077
DIN 8078

Polypropylene (PP) Pipe Dimensions.


Polypropylene (PP) pipes; general quality
requirements testing & chemical resistance of
pipes & fittings.
DIN 1988
DVGW Code of Practice. (Drinking water supply
systems; materials, components, appliances,
design & installation)
DIN 8076
Standard for testing metal threaded joints.
DIN 2999
Standards for fittings with threaded metallic
inserts.
DIN 16928
Installation, Pipes and fittings connection.
DIN 4109
Noise control in Buildings.
DIN 4140
Insulation of service installations.
DVS 2207
Welding of thermoplastic pipes and fittings.
DVS 2208
Welding machines & devices for thermoplastic
pipes and fittings.
OHSAS 18001 British standard for Health and safety
management system.
BS 6920
Suitability of non-metallic products for use
in contact with water intended for human
consumption with regard to their effect on the
quality of the water.

18

Thermoconcept

..Solid Pipe SDR 11 (PN10)

Pipe Series:
SDR 11.
Pressure Rating: PN10.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Potable cold water supply indoor installations; air conditioning & rainwater drainage. Life expectancy
depends upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code

Description

RP20-4-PN10/GN
RP25-4-PN10/GN
RP32-4-PN10/GN
RP40-4-PN10/GN
RP50-4-PN10/GN
RP63-4-PN10/GN
RP75-4-PN10/GN
RP90-4-PN10/GN
RP110-4-PN10/GN

Thermoconcept

Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (20x1.9mm)


Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (25x2.3mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (32x2.9mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (40x3.7mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (50x4.6mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (63x5.8mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (75x6.8mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (90x8.2mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 10) Size (110x10mm)
Length (4m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

..Solid Pipe SDR 7.4 (PN16)

Pipe Series:
SDR 7.4
Pressure Rating: PN16.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Cold & warm water supply indoor installations. Life expectancy depends upon permissible working
pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code
RP20-4-PN16/GN
RP25-4-PN16/GN
RP32-4-PN16/GN
RP40-4-PN16/GN
RP50-4-PN16/GN
RP63-4-PN16/GN
RP75-4-PN16/GN
RP90-4-PN16/GN
RP110-4-PN16/GN

Description
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (20x2.8mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (25x3.5mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (32x4.4mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (40x5.5mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (50x6.9mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (63x8.6mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (75x10.3mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (90x12.3mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (110x15.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

19

Thermoconcept

..Solid Pipe SDR 6 (PN16)

Pipe Series:
SDR 6.
Pressure Rating: PN16.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Potable cold & hot water supply indoor installations & central heating systems. Life expectancy depends
upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code

Description

RP20-5.8-PN16/GN
RP25-5.8-PN16/GN
RP32-5.8-PN16/GN
RP40-5.8-PN16/GN
RP50-5.8-PN16/GN
RP63-5.8-PN16/GN
RP75-5.8-PN16/GN
RP90-5.8-PN16/GN
RP110-5.8-PN16/GN

Thermoconcept

Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (20x2.8mm)


Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (25x3.5mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (32x4.4mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (40x5.5mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (50x6.9mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (63x8.6mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (75x10.3mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (90x12.3mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 16) Size (110x15.1mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

..Solid Pipe SDR 6 (PN20)

Pipe Series:
SDR 6.
Pressure Rating: PN20.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Potable cold & hot water supply indoor installations & central heating systems. Life expectancy depends
upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code
RP20-4-PN20/GN
RP25-4-PN20/GN
RP32-4-PN20/GN
RP40-4-PN20/GN
RP50-4-PN20/GN
RP63-4-PN20/GN
RP75-4-PN20/GN
RP90-4-PN20/GN
RP110-4-PN20/GN

20

Description
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (20x3.4mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (25x4.2mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (32x5.4mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (40x6.7mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (50x8.3mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (63x10.5mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (75x12.5mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (90x15mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (110x18.3mm)
Length (4m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Thermoconcept

..Solid Pipe SDR 5 (PN20)

Pipe Series:
SDR 5.
Pressure Rating: PN20.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Potable cold & hot water supply indoor installations & central heating systems. Life expectancy depends
upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code

Description

RP20-5.8-PN20/GN
RP25-5.8-PN20/GN
RP32-5.8-PN20/GN
RP40-5.8-PN20/GN
RP50-5.8-PN20/GN
RP63-5.8-PN20/GN
RP75-5.8-PN20/GN
RP90-5.8-PN20/GN
RP110-5.8-PN20/GN

Thermoconcept

Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (20x3.4mm)


Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (25x4.2mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (32x5.4mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (40x6.7mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (50x8.3mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (63x10.5mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (75x12.5mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (90x15mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size (110x18.3mm)
Length (5.8m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

..Solid Pipe SDR 5 (PN25)

Pipe Series:
SDR 5.
Pressure Rating: PN25.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Material: PP-R 80.


Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Potable cold & hot water supply indoor installations & central heating systems. Life expectancy depends
upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code
RP20-4-PN25/GN
RP25-4-PN25/GN
RP32-4-PN25/GN
RP40-4-PN25/GN
RP50-4-PN25/GN
RP63-4-PN25/GN
RP75-4-PN25/GN
RP90-4-PN25/GN
RP110-4-PN25/GN

Description
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (20x4.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (25x5.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (32x6.5mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (40x8.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (50x10.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (63x12.7mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (75x15.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (90x18.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color
Solid Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size (110x22.1mm)
Length (4m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

21

Thermoconcept ..Fibro
Pipe Series:
SDR 7.4.
Pressure Rating: PN20.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Composite Pipe SDR 7.4 (PN20)


Material: PP-R 80, with mechanically stabilizing middle glass fiber layer.
Color: Green (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Mechanically stabilized pipe with mid fiber layer for indoor & outdoor potable cold & hot water supply installations
and central heating systems. Life expectancy depends upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code
RPF20-4-PN20/GN
RPF25-4-PN20/GN
RPF32-4-PN20/GN
RPF40-4-PN20/GN
RPF50-4-PN20/GN
RPF63-4-PN20/GN
RPF75-4-PN20/GN
RPF90-4-PN20/GN
RPF110-4-PN20/GN

Description
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(20x2.8mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(25x3.5mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(32x4.4mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(40x5.5mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(50x6.9mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(63x8.6mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(75x10.3mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(90x12.3mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 20) Size
(110x15.1mm) Length (4m) Green Color

Thermoconcept ..Fibro
Pipe Series:
SDR 6.
Pressure Rating: PN25.
Standard:
DIN 8077/78.

Applications:

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Composite Pipe SDR 6.0 (PN25)


Material: PP-R 80, with mechanically stabilizing middle glass fiber layer.
Color: Green. (For Other Colors Please Enquire).
Delivery: Standard 4m Lengths, (6m Lengths & coils available upon request).

Mechanically stabilized pipe with mid fiber layer for indoor & outdoor potable cold & hot water supply installations
and central heating systems. Life expectancy depends upon permissible working pressure, See Table 1.3 & 1.4.
Order Code
RPF20-4-PN25/GN
RPF25-4-PN25/GN
RPF32-4-PN25/GN
RPF40-4-PN25/GN
RPF50-4-PN25/GN
RPF63-4-PN25/GN
RPF75-4-PN25/GN
RPF90-4-PN25/GN
RPF110-4-PN25/GN

22

Description
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(20x3.4mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(25x4.2mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(32x5.4mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(40x6.7mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(50x8.3mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(63x10.5mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(75x12.5mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(90x15mm) Length (4m) Green Color
Fibro Composite Pipe (PP-R Pipe PN 25) Size
(110x18.3mm) Length (4m) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

N/A

25

N/A

10

N/A

10

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Thermoconcept

PRODUCT
RANGE

..Fittings & Accessories

Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

Order Code

Description

R20-S/GN
R25-S/GN
R32-S/GN
R40-S/GN
R50-S/GN
R63-S/GN
R75-S/GN
R90-S/GN
R110-S/GN

Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color


Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90mm) Green Color
Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110mm) Green Color

Std
Pack
10
10
10
5
5
4
1
1
1

Units/
Carton
250
200
120
60
35
20
12
9
5

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

R25-RS20/GN
R32-RS20/GN
R32-RS25/GN
R40-RS20/GN
R40-RS25/GN
R40-RS32/GN
R50-RS20/GN
R50-RS25/GN
R50-RS32/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x20mm) Green Color

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x32mm) Green Color

Std
Pack
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
5
10

R50-RS40/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x40mm) Green Color

50

R63-RS20/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x20mm) Green Color

40

R63-RS25/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x25mm) Green Color

45

R63-RS32/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x32mm) Green Color

40

R63-RS40/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x40mm) Green Color

25

R63-RS50/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x50mm) Green Color

25

R75-RS40/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75x40mm) Green Color

20

R75-RS50/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75x50mm) Green Color

20

R75-RS63/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75x63mm) Green Color

15

R90-RS50/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90x50mm) Green Color

20

R90-RS63/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90x63mm) Green Color

16

R90-RS75/GN

Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90x75mm) Green Color

16

R110-RS63/GN Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110x63mm) Green Color

10

R110-RS75/GN Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110x75mm) Green Color

10

R110-RS90/GN Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110x90mm) Green Color

Order Code

Description
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x20mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x25mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x20mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x25mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x32mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x20mm) Green Color
Reducer Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x25mm) Green Color

Units/
Carton
300
150
150
100
120
100
80
75
50

23

Thermoconcept

PRODUCT
RANGE

..Fittings & Accessories

End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

R20-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

20

400

R25-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

20

300

R32-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

15

150

R40-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color

10

80

R50-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green Color

45

R63-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green Color

30

R75-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75mm) Green Color

20

R90-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90mm) Green Color

16

R110-EC/GN End Cap (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110mm) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

Order Code


Order Code

Description

Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

R20-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

15

150

R25-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

10

100

R32-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

10

50

R40-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color

25

R50-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green Color

15

R63-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green Color

R75-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75mm) Green Color

R90-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90mm) Green Color

R110-T/GN

Tee (Equal) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110mm) Green Color

24


PRODUCT
RANGE

Order Code

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

Std
Units/
Pack Carton
10
90

R25-RT2020/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x20x20mm) Green Color

R20-RT2520/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x25x20mm) Green Color

10

90

R20-RT2525/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x25x25mm) Green Color

10

90

R32-RT2525/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x25x25mm) Green Color

45

R25-RT3225/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x32x25mm) Green Color

50

R20-RT3232/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x32x32mm) Green Color

60

R25-RT3232/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x32x32mm) Green Color

45

R32-RT3225/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x32x25mm) Green Color

45

R20-RT4040/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x40x40mm) Green Color

35

R25-RT4040/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x40x40mm) Green Color

35

R32-RT4040/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x40x40mm) Green Color

30

R20-RT5050/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x50x50mm) Green Color

15

R25-RT5050/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x50x50mm) Green Color

15

R32-RT5050/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x50x50mm) Green Color

15

R40-RT5050/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x50x50mm) Green Color

15

R20-RT6363/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20x63x63mm) Green Color

12

R25-RT6363/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25x63x63mm) Green Color

12

R32-RT6363/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x63x63mm) Green Color

12

R40-RT6363/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x63x63mm) Green Color

12

R50-RT6363/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x63x63mm) Green Color

R32-RT7575/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32x75x75mm) Green Color

R40-RT7575/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x75x75mm) Green Color

R50-RT7575/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x75x75mm) Green Color

R63-RT7575/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x75x75mm) Green Color

R40-RT9090/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40x90x90mm) Green Color

R50-RT9090/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x90x90mm) Green Color

R63-RT9090/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x90x90mm) Green Color

R75-RT9090/GN

Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75x90x90mm) Green Color

R50-RT110110/GN Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50x110x110mm) Green Color

R63-RT110110/GN Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63x110x110mm) Green Color

R75-RT110110/GN Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75x110x110mm) Green Color

R90-RT110110/GN Reducing Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90x110x110mm) Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton


Order Code

Cross (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

R20-CR/GN

Cross (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

10

120

R25-CR/GN

Cross (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

75

R32-CR/GN

Cross (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

40

25


PRODUCT
RANGE

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

R20-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

Std
Pack
10

Units/
Carton
150

R25-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

10

120

R32-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

60

R40-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color

40

R50-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green Color

20

R63-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green Color

10

R75-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75mm) Green Color

R90-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90mm) Green Color

R110-E90/GN Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (110mm) Green Color

Order Code


Order Code

Description

Elbow 90 Female/Male (Spigot Type)(PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

R20-E90FM/GN

Elbow 90 (F/M) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

10

100

R25-E90FM/GN

Elbow 90 (F/M) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

10

80

R32-E90FM/GN

Elbow 90 (F/M) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

50

R40-E90FM/GN

Elbow 90 (F/M) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color

30

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton


Order Code

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

R20-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color

10

200

R25-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color

10

150

R32-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color

10

90

R40-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green Color

45

R50-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green Color

20

R63-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green Color

16

R75-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (75mm) Green Color

10

R90-E45/GN

Elbow 45 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (90mm) Green Color


Order Code
R20-E45FM/GN
R25-E45FM/GN
R32-E45FM/GN
R40-E45FM/GN

26

Elbow 45 Female/Male (Spigot Type)(PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description
Elbow 45 (Female/Male) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm)
Green Color
Elbow 45 (Female/Male) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm)
Green Color
Elbow 45 (Female/Male) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm)
Green Color
Elbow 45 (Female/Male) (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm)
Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

20

200

15

150

10

60

10

40


PRODUCT
RANGE

Order Code

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Over Bridge Bow (PP-R Fitting PN20)


Description

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

R20-OBB/GN

Over Bridge Bow (PP-R Fitting PN 20) Size (20mm) Green Color

10

50

R25-OBB/GN

Over Bridge Bow (PP-R Fitting PN 20) Size (25mm) Green Color

10

40

R32-OBB/GN

Over Bridge Bow (PP-R Fitting PN 20) Size (32mm) Green Color

20

Pressure Test Plug (PP-R Fitting PN25)

Order Code

Description

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

R1/2-EP/GN

Pressure Test Plug (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (1/2") Green Color

20

400

R3/4-EP/GN

Pressure Test Plug (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (3/4") Green Color

20

300

Pressure Test Plug (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (1") Green Color

15

150

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

R1-EP/GN


Order Code

Plastic Clamp (PP-R Fitting)


Description

R20-BRK/GN

Plastic Clamp (PP-R Fitting) Size (20mm) Green Color

50

650

R25-BRK/GN

Plastic Clamp (PP-R Fitting) Size (25mm) Green Color

50

500

R32-BRK/GN

Plastic Clamp (PP-R Fitting) Size (32mm) Green Color

50

350

R40-BRK/GN

Plastic Clamp (PP-R Fitting) Size (40mm) Green Color

40

200


Order Code
R20-EF-1/2/GN
R20-EF-3/4/GN
R25-EF-1/2/GN
R25-EF-3/4/GN
R32-EF-3/4/GN
R32-EF-1/GN

Female Transition Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Fem Trans Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

120

10

120

10

90

10

80

60

35

27


PRODUCT
RANGE

Order Code
R20-EM-1/2/GN
R20-EM-3/4/GN
R25-EM-1/2/GN
R25-EM-3/4/GN
R32-EM-3/4/GN
R32-EM-1/GN


Order Code
R20-TF-1/2/GN
R20-TF-3/4/GN
R25-TF-1/2/GN
R25-TF-3/4/GN
R32-TF-1/2/GN
R32-TF-3/4/GN
R32-TF-1/GN


Order Code

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transitional Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass

28

Units/
Carton

10

90

10

70

10

70

10

70

60

40

Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

90

10

70

10

70

10

60

10

40

10

50

25

Male Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

Male Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size


(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-TM-1/2/GN
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-TM-3/4/GN
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Tee (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-TM-1/GN
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass
R20-TM-1/2/GN

Std
Pack

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

80

10

60

10

50

20

Thermoconcept

PRODUCT

RANGE

Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

Order Code

..Fittings & Accessories

Description

Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size


(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R20-SF-3/4/GN
(20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-SF-1/2/GN
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-SF-3/4/GN
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-SF-3/4/GN
(32mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-SF-1X/GN
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R40-SF-1X/GN
(40mmx1") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R40-SF-11/4X/GN
(40mmx1 1/4") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R50-SF-11/2X/GN
(50mmx1 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R63-SF-2X/GN
(63mmx2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R75-SF-21/2X/GN
(75mmx2 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Female Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R90-SF-3X/GN
(90mmx3") Green, Y Brass
R20-SF-1/2/GN


Order Code

Units/
Carton

10

150

10

120

10

150

10

120

10

90

50

45

25

16

16

10

Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size


(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R20-SM-3/4/GN
(20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-SM-1/2/GN
(25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-SM-3/4/GN
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-SM-3/4/GN
(32mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-SM-1X/GN
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R40-SM-1X/GN
(40mmx1") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R40-SM-11/4X/GN
(40mmx1 1/4") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R50-SM-11/2X/GN
(50mmx1 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R63-SM-2X/GN
(63mmx2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R75-SM-21/2X/GN
(75mmx2 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Male Transition Socket (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R90-SM-3X/GN
(90mmx3") Green, Y Brass
R20-SM-1/2/GN

Std
Pack

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

100

10

120

10

120

10

120

10

90

50

45

30

16

16

29


PRODUCT
RANGE

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16)

R50-FLG/GN

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16) Size (50mm) Green Color

Std
Pack
1

R63-FLG/GN

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16) Size (63mm) Green Color

R75-FLG/GN

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16) Size (75mm) Green Color

R90-FLG/GN

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16) Size (90mm) Green Color

R110-FLG/GN

Flange Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 16) Size (110mm) Green Color

Units/
Carton
60

Order Code

Description

Units/
Carton
10

Valve Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

R20-VB-3/4/GN

Valve Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass

Std
Pack
5

R25-VB-3/4/GN

Valve Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass

60

1
1

25
15

Order Code

Description

Valve Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mmx1") Green, Y Brass


R32-VB-1/GN
R40-VB-11/4/GN Valve Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mmx1 1/4") Green, Y Brass


Order Code
R20-CVA1/GN
R25-CVA1/GN
R32-CVA1/GN


Order Code
R20-CVA2/GN
R25-CVA2/GN
R32-CVA2/GN


Order Code
R20-GVA/GN
R25-GVA/GN
R32-GVA/GN
R40-GVA/GN

30

Concealed Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Std. Model


Description
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R
Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color. Std. Model
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R
Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color Std. Model
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R
Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color Std. Model

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

20

15

Concealed Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Ellipse Model


Description
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R Fitting
PN 25) Size (20mm) Green Color. ellipse model
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R Fitting
PN 25) Size (25mm) Green Color ellipse model
Concealed Valve Assembly w/ Valve Body (PP-R Fitting
PN 25) Size (32mm) Green Color ellipse model

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

25

20

15

Stop Globe Valve with Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description
Stop Globe Valve with Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(20mm) Green, Y Brass
Stop Globe Valve with Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(25mm) Green, Y Brass
Stop Globe Valve with Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(32mm) Green, Y Brass
Stop Globe Valve with Body (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
(40mm) Green, Y Brass

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

20

25

20

10

Thermoconcept

PRODUCT

RANGE

Ball valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

Order Code
R20-BV/GN
R25-BV/GN
R32-BV/GN
R40-BV/GN
R50-BV/GN
R63-BV/GN


Order Code

..Fittings & Accessories

Description
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm) Green
Hot/Cold
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm) Green
Hot/Cold
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm) Green
Hot/Cold
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (40mm) Green
Hot/Cold
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (50mm) Green
Hot/Cold
Ball Valve (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (63mm) Green
Hot/Cold

Description

Wall Mount Female Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Size (20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Wall Mount Female Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)
R25-WEF-1/2/GN
Size (25mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass

Order Code
R20-PFU/GN
R25-PFU/GN
R32-PFU/GN


Order Code

45

30

25

15

10

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

70

10

70

Male Union + Female Union Nut Assembled


Description
PP-R Plastic Union (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (20mm)
Green Color
PP-R Plastic Union (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (25mm)
Green Color
PP-R Plastic Union (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size (32mm)
Green Color

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

45

45

35

Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25)


Description

Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size


(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-BFU-3/4/GN
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-BFU-1/GN
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass
Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R40-BFU-11/4/GN
(40mmx1 1/4") Green, Y Brass
Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R50-BFU-11/2/GN
(50mmx1 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Union Female Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R63-BFU-2/GN
(63mmx2") Green, Y Brass
R20-BFU-1/2/GN

Units/
Carton

Wall Mount Female Elbow 90 (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

R20-WEF-1/2/GN

Std
Pack

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

200

10

100

60

45

25

12

31


PRODUCT


RANGE

Thermoconcept

..Fittings & Accessories

Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25)

Order Code

Description

Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size


(20mmx1/2") Green, Y Brass
Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R25-BMU-3/4/GN
(25mmx3/4") Green, Y Brass
Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R32-BMU-1/GN
(32mmx1") Green, Y Brass
R40-BMU-11/4/ Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
GN
(40mmx1 1/4") Green, Y Brass
R50-BMU-11/2/ Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
GN
(50mmx1 1/2") Green, Y Brass
Union Male Adaptor (PP-R Fitting PN 25) Size
R63-BMU-2/GN
(63mmx2") Green, Y Brass
R20-BMU-1/2/GN

Std
Pack

Units/
Carton

10

150

90

60

40

20

12

Wall Mounting Screw For Clamp

A8-SCR50

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M8x50mm)

Std
Pack
1000

A8-SCR60

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M8x60mm)

1000

BOX

A8-SCR100

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M8X100mm)

1000

BOX

A10-SCR80

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M10x80mm)

1000

BOX

Order Code

Description

Unit
BOX

A10-SCR100

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M10x100mm)

1000

BOX

A10-SCR140

Wall mounting screw for Clamp (M10x140mm)

1000

BOX

Rubber Clamp

Order Code

Description

Std
Pack
100

BOX

Unit

A810-RC2025

Rubber Clamp for Pipe (20-25mm) (1/2" - 3/4")

A810-RC3236

Rubber Clamp for Pipe (32-36mm) (1")

75

BOX

Rubber Clamp for Pipe (38-43mm) (1 1/4")


Rubber Clamp for Pipe (47-51mm) (1 1/2")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (53-58mm)
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (60-65mm) (2")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (75-80mm) (2 1/2")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (80-86mm)
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (87-92mm) (3")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (107-112mm) (4")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (125-130mm) (5")
Rubber Clamp for Pipe (159-166mm) (6")

50
50
50
40
40
40
40
25
25
25

BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX
BOX

Std
Pack
12

Units/
Carton
BOX

A810-RC3843
A810-RC4751
A810-RC5358
A810-RC6065
A810-RC7580
A810-RC8086
A810-RC8792
A810-RC107112
A810-RC125130
A810-RC159166


Order Code
A040-PC

Pipe Cutter
Description
Pipe Cutter (0-40mm)

A2063-PC

Pipe Cutter (20-63mm)

n/a

BOX

A75110-PC

Pipe Cutter (75-110mm)

n/a

BOX

Std
Pack
1

Units/
Carton
BOX

BOX

BOX

Welding Device

Order Code

Description

A2063-WK1

Welding Machine Set (20-63mm)


Welding Machine Set (20-63mm) w/ Level, Ruler &
Cutter
Welding Machine Set (75-110mm)

A2063-WK
A75110-WK

32

Welding

Introduction.
Installation of the Thermoconcept system is accomplished through a range of welding
machines with variable size tools (welding sockets) to suite network dimensions. Welding
sockets are mounted on the welding device and a simultaneous process of preparation
of the pipe and its respective fittings socket by heating both ends to the right fusion
temperature. Both heated ends are then pressed together, and a homogeneous melt
between the two parts is formed. The parts are held in place till sufficient cooling down
takes effect. As the temperature decreases to near ambient conditions, the process
results in a uniform and strong joint. This is repeated throughout the network of pipes
and fittings.
In order to establish a uniform and consistent joint, it is necessary to follow all
Thermoconcept welding fusion procedures and instructions, in order to avoid
contamination and disturbance that weaken the joint. Moreover, it is necessary to
only use Thermoconcept certified welding devices. (Ask for a list of approved brands
from your local Thermoconcept supplier).

Using Welding Device & Tools.


1. Only use Thermoconcept
devices and tools.

welding

2.

Make sure the device power input conforms


to the local electricity specifications .

3.

Remove welding device and required


socket tools, Allen Keys , and cutters from
the portable storage box.

4.

Maintain the device clean at all times,


especially in the locations where the socket
tools are to be mounted. Cleaning should
be done with a paper or non fibrous cloth
and alcohol. Improper contact between
the socket tools and device hot plate will
result in an efficient heating of the tool
and failure in welding.

33

5.

Fix and tighten the welding socket tools


firmly by hand. This must be done before
heating up welding device.

6.

Always install smaller welding socket tools


in the outer positions on the device. Never
install a socket tool beyond the edge of the
device! Full contact between the base of
the socket tool and the welding device is
essential, which will result in uniform heat
conduction around the socket tool.

Welding

34

7.

Make sure the device is plugged in


and switch welding device on. Both
thermostat and control lamps should light
up (for temperature adjustable models
onely). Adjust the thermostat to the fusion
temperature of 260 C. The thermostat
lamp will go out when the temperature
reaches set temperature.

8.

Depending on the ambient temperature,


the heating up process should take
between 7 to 20 minutes. Allow more time
in colder temperatures.

9.

Before starting the welding process or


whenever a new tool is to be changed,
DVS-Welding Instructions state that
verification of the temperature of the
welding device at its application area. It
is recommended that this is done through
the use of qualified surface thermometers.
This can be done with the thermopen with
accuracy of 3 C.

10.

As the temperature comes to the set point


the thermostat lamp will turn off. At this
point, put the Thermoconcept thermopen
tip on the heated welding tool, after a few
seconds, the color of the chalk line should
change. If the welding tool temperature
is more than 260C the temp-pen line
color should change immediately and if it
is below than 260C, the color will change
after a few more seconds. (Note: If the
color does not change within 5 seconds,
another heating tool temperature test has
to be carried out).

11.

Use the correct Allen Key size to tighten


up the socket tools. Using any other tools
such as pliers may scratch or damage the
stick-free coating on the device, and must
never be done.

12.

Switch off the device after finishing the


welding process and allow for complete
cooling down before storing away.

Correct

Wrong

Welding

13.

Do not use water to bring the device temperature down, even after it has been
unplugged. This will damage the thermostat and device electric parts.

14.

Never use a welding device exposed to water or other fluids or in rain to avoid risk
of shock hazard. The device may be only used when completely dry.

15.

Never clean the device with water or handle the device with wet hands.

16.

Durable and proper joining with the device can only be guaranteed when the
tools and the tongue are assured of perfectly good condition. It is recommended
to replace any defective device or tool.

17.

Always store the welding device in a dry, clean location.

18.

Defective devices should always be left for thermoCONcept qualified service


engineers to assess and if possible make the necessary repairs and re-qualify
device.

Table 3.1: Welding Parameters


Pipe Outside Diameter
(mm)

Welding Depth
(mm)

Heating Time
(sec)

Welding Time
(sec)

Cool-Down
Time (min)

16

13.0

20

14.0

25

15.0

32

16.5

40

18.0

12

50

20.0

18

63

24.0

24

75

26.0

30

90

29.0

40

110

32.5

50

10

125

40.0

60

10

**When outdoor temperature is below 5 C, the heating time according to DVS 2207 part 11 should be increased by 50%.

35

Preparation For Welding.


Welding

The following must be followed before start of


the welding process:

Figure 3.1: Stabi Peeling

Finished square pipe ends are required.


No chamfered or broken edges should
be present.
This ensures that the
central cold zones come in full contact
with the welding tools and proper
heat conduction will accordingly be
achieved.

Stabi composite pipes must be


prepared by peeling off the aluminum
polypropylene layer completely (see
figure 3.1-1/2/3).

Pipe surfaces to be joined must


be properly cleaned to remove
contaminants and foreign material and
burrs. Otherwise, any contamination on
the pipe surface is retained at the joint
interface, which can significantly reduce
the strength of the joint (see figure 3.1-4).

The pipe and fitting should be clamped


during welding to eliminate relative
movement. This ensures that the molten
polymer is allowed to fuse fully at the
fusion interface, developing a strong
joint.

Table 3.1 depicts the general guidelines for


heating of pipes and fittings for the purpose of
welding according to DVS 2207 part 11.

36

Welding Procedure
Welding

1.

The welding machine is heated up to 260


C (described in "Using Thermoconcept
Welding Device & Tools").

2.

Cut the pipe to the right length using


Thermoconcept pipe cutter. Make
sure that a clean square pipe end
results. This is to ensure that the welding
of the edges take affect around the full
circumference of the pipe edge.

3.

With a pencil and measurement plate


provided with the Thermoconcept
welding kit, mark the welding depth.

4.

Without twisting throughout the process,


insert the end of the pipe into the
welding tool up to the marked depth
and simultaneously, push the fitting onto
the heating tool, observing the general
guidelines for heating up times outlined
in table 3.1.

5.

Heating time starts only after the pipe


and fitting reaches to the marked
welding depth. When heating time
is complete, the pipe and fitting are
removed from the heating tool, and
pressed together to the marked welding
depth for a few seconds without twisting.
A homogeneous structure of the same
material is thereupon formed.

6.

Main alignment of the weld is done as


the pipe and fitting are inserted. To align
the pipe in its final posture, fusion time
is utilized before assembled parts have
cooled to near ambient temperature.
The timing of the fine alignment must
be observed, as the assembled parts
must not be forced after a certain
cooling time has passed. The resulting
cross-section Thermoconcept welded
joint will show a smooth fused transition
between the pipe and fitting.

37

Weld-in Saddles
Welding

Weld-in saddles, if properly installed, are welded with the pipe outer surface and the
pipe inner wall, resulting in a reliable and strong joint. Thermoconcept weld-in saddles
are available for pipe outer diameter of 40, 50, 63, 75, 90,110, 125 and 160mm, & have
the following applications:

Branch connections in existing installations.

Tight areas such as branches in risers, and other


installations.

Alternatives to T and Y branches their reducers.

Installation of pressure gauges, or other

1.

Installation of weld-in Saddles

38

1.

Before starting the welding process, make the necessary


performance checks on the Thermoconcept welding
device and tools.

2.

Ensure that the welding surfaces are clean, dry, and free
from any contaminations and burrs.

3.

Choose the right saddle for the application (Main


diameter size and branch diameter.

4.

Prepare the required tools; boring drill, in addition to the


correct size of circumferential drill bit and chamfering
tool (for Stabi only).

5.

Switch on the welding device.

6.

Drill through the pipe wall at the designated location


with Thermoconcept tool at a right angle to the pipe.
Use the appropriate drill bit for the application.

7.

For stabi composite pipes, remove any remaining


aluminum particles at the drilled hole with the
Thermoconcept chamfering tool.

8.

Remove any remaining particles and burrs before


starting the welding process.

9.

Check that the saddle welding tool temperature has


reached 260 C using the thermopen.

10.

Insert concave side of the weld-in saddle tool into the


hole until it presses on the outer pipe wall to create the
heating surface. Al the same time, insert the saddle into
the heating sleeve and press against the convex side of
the welding tool.

11.

Remove weld in saddle from the convex tool, and the


concave tool from the pipe surface and immediately
insert the saddle into the prepared hole and hold for a
minimum of 18 seconds.

12.

Allow the joint to cool for 15 minutes before the saddle


is ready to be joined to any standard pipe or fitting
connection.

2.

3.

4.

Safety Precautions and Guidelines:


Welding

A risk of injury is always present in any welding process. Precaution is therefore


necessary, and guidelines and instructions should be closely adhered to. In addition, a
complete concentration and common sense is imperative.
To ensure safe and accident free operation of Thermoconcept welding equipment,
the following must be strictly adhered to:

Only qualified trained persons should use this device.

Take extra care in handling any device part while in operation. Some parts on
the heating element will have temperatures above 260 C.

Keep inflammable materials at a safe distance away.

Keep welding area at a safe distance away from any by passers or passage
ways.

Always operate in a full state of consciousness.

Check that the welding device is switched


off before connecting to the mains.

Always pull out the plug before carrying


repairs.

Replace damaged or brittle connection


cables and pull reliefs immediately.

Protect cables from heat and sharp edges.

Never pull plugs out of the socket by pulling


on the cable, or carry it by the cable.

Never attempt to disassemble the welding


device for maintenance. This should strictly
be done by qualified Thermoconcept
personnel.

Replace damaged parts immediately. Use


only original Thermoconcept spare parts.

Loose-fit clothes and suspending jewelry


articles are dangerous in the welding process.
Only wear tight-fit clothes.

Do not oil or grease any other part of the


device.

Inflammable materials must be kept at a safe


distance during welding.

Keep device in clean and dry storage area.


Do not store exposed to direct sunlight or
dust.

Never use in wet or high humidity places.


Keep welding device away from rain and
water.

Never store welding devices close to the


reach of children. Always store in secured
areas immune to unauthorized tampering.

39

Introduction
Installation

Service lines, which are connections from water mains to the plumbing network inside
buildings, consist of all pipes, valves, and fittings between the main water cabinet
through the meter, and ending at the individual outlets or endpoints. These service
lines are specified in DIN 1988 Parts 1 & 3, and apply to drinking water supply systems
inside buildings and their networks. It specifies requirements for design, installation,
operation and maintenance of such systems in addition to alterations to these systems.
It also gives particular attention to materials, components and appliances installed to
supply a building with potable water.
Designers and installers should make sure that only such required equipment and appliances
are installed ensuring that proper economic and technically qualified functioning of the
system is maintained.
All components of the Thermoconcept pipe system can be installed using different
methods, depending on the installation area and its conditions. The designing engineers
and installing specialists should prepare and plan how best to execute the installation.

Before installation, the following must be readily available:



Engineering site plans for each floor with simplified pipe work diagram and
sectional drawings;

Detailed pipe network diagrams showing pipe nominal sizes, bore diameters,
lengths of pipe runs, material, draw-off points (type, number and sizes or bore
diameter), minimum flow pressure required, and the fitting group as defined in
the of DIN 4109 series of standards, where necessary;

Pipe sizing and reduction branch calculations and schematics, in accordance
with DIN 1988 part 3.
Such decisions to be made by the designers can be, for example, deciding on how
best to execute a piping system for internal vertical service ducts. Should the pipe be
embedded inside the walls or exposed on the surface. Also, how to best deal with
possible thermal linear expansion, meeting insulation requirements etc.
In the following sections, optimal ways of carrying out installations are discussed and
how to deal with the various challenges and best design the network system. A
multitude of tables and figures are presented in this chapter to aid the designer and
installer to decide on the optimal mounting techniques, insulation, final testing of the
system, and other guidelines.

General Installation Guidelines






40

A service duct should be installed in every building. Use of a common duct to


provide water service to more than one building should never be done.
The main branch of each building level should branch off not less than 300 mm
above the maximum possible water level on the level to avoid backflow.
To minimize the risk of condensation, exposed cold water pipes should be on the
lowest level in situations where pipes are installed above one another.
Pipes should not be fixed or supported by other pipes.
The pipes should be installed with the identification marks in a legible orientation
where possible.

Fixed & Sliding Point Fastening Methods


Installation

It is important to differentiate between fixed point mountings and loose or sliding point
mountings when addressing pipe work mounting techniques. By definition, fixed point
or fixed clamp holds the pipe in a fixed manner whereas a sliding point will permit the
pipe to move in the axial direction of the pipe. A combination of these two methods
can result in an ideal installation of the piping system.

41

Fixed Points

Installation

Fixed points (fixed point mountings) divide a pipe network into sections. The free
lengths from a fixed point must be measured and the possible linear expansion that
can take place in this free length calculated.
Fixed point mountings with a long distance between the part of the clamp holding
the pipe and the ceiling or wall to which the clamp is mounted should be avoided,
since in these cases the clamps can act in a self-aligning manner and will not provide
a fixed point. Sliding point clamps positioned on either side of fittings will act as fixed
points! Vertical distribution lines (shaft mounting) and pipe work laid beneath plaster
or in concrete or floor topping can also be laid in a rigid manner. Branch points, where
the pipe branching off passes through a wall, must be mounted in a fixed manner
since otherwise the pipe branching off could be cut off.
Fixed points in pipeline installations are those points that restrict the pipe in its undesired
axial movement. The free lengths from the fixed points are measured so as to calculate
the possible linear expansion, as well as absorbing possible additional loads (Figure
4.1-1).
In the execution of fixed points in the pipeline installation, the following should be noted:

42

Fixed points should only be installed using Thermoconcept supports.

Branches passing through a wall should be mounted in a fixed point rigid manner
to prevent the branching pipe being cut or damaged due to expansion or
uncontrolled movement.

Sufficient support of the pipes must be done with a sufficient amount of properly
installed and positioned Thermoconcept fixed point clamps in order to achieve
good stability in the network, proper and to counter any linear expansions of the
pipes. The distance between the pipe and the wall or ceiling it is fixed to, should
not be too large, otherwise the fixing point will fail to serve its purpose.

Drop from the ceiling should be as short as possible while using threaded rods or
threaded screws.

Sliding Points

Installation

Sliding Points are used to allow movement of a pipe in the axial direction, either in a
bidirectional way (Figure 4.1-2), or in a unidirectional way (Figure 4.1-3). While locating
a sliding clamp, free movement of pipe is to be ensured. This requires avoiding fittings
or armatures installed in those areas. Ensure that fittings are at a sufficient distance
from the sliding point clamps else these will then act as fixed points.

Figure 4.1-2:

Slide Clamping Points

Figure 4.1-3: Unidirectional Slide


Clamping Point

Concealed Installations
Concealed installations are those that are concealed behind walls or floors and are
not visible. Linear expansion does not necessarily have to be taken into account even
with concealed installations. Stresses arising from the expansion force of part the
network against a wall or tiles, will be absorbed by the piping material when clamped
appropriately. Therefore, there is usually no need to account for this expansion.
If a system has to be insulated in accordance with the relevant regulations, the
insulation will further absorb the linear expansion arising without any problem. In other
words, the laying space only needs to be executed in accordance with the thickness
of insulation. Problems resulting from linear expansion generally do not arise. Lines,
which do not have to be insulated, can be laid in floor topping or concrete or buried
beneath plaster when clamped appropriately without measures having to be taken
to compensate for linear expansion. In this way linear expansion arising from heat will
not be critical since it will be absorbed by the material, and minor deformation will be
concealed.

43

Installations in Service (Utility) Ducts


Installation

A number of branch points are common


in service ducts supplying individual
floors, and lines to other installations
such as storage tanks on the roof of
a building. Utilizing this feature where
appropriate, linear expansion need not
be taken into account if proper clamping
is done. However, lengths of free and
uninterrupted pipes between clamps
should not exceed 3 m.
Moreover,
sufficiently large allowance holes in walls
should be taken into account to give the
pipe adequate freedom of movement.
Linear expansion has to be taken into
account while installing branch off points
in utility ducts only for standard pipes. In
case of composite pipes, fixing should
be done just before branch-off points
and at maximum distances of 3 meters.
In this case, linear expansion can be
neglected.

In utility ducts, enough length of pipe


should be provided to give a certain
degree of flexure in case of expansion of
the riser In case of using standard pipes.
The following figures show three cases
whereby the first illustrates proper fixing
and enough length to provide flexure in
the branching pipe.(Figure 4.2-1)

Welding of Pipes &


Fittings

Figure 4.2-1: Fixed Clamping

Figure 4.2-2: Expansion Provision Clamping

The second illustrates a riser too close to


the branch-out wall, whereby a clear
sleeve is kept around the branching pipe
in case of any linear expansion in the
riser.(Figure 4.2-2)
The third case, illustrates a riser too close
to the branch-out wall, whereby a sleeve
is not possible, but a springy flexure is
executed by creating an elbow branchout corner(Figure 4.2-3).
Figure 4.2-3: Expansion Provision
(Spring Knee)

44

Exposed Installations
Installation

In general, high aesthetics requirements are placed on the Thermoconcept pipe


network in exposed installations. As a result of its high dimensional stability and
reduced longitudinal expansion, Thermoconcept , Stabi or Fibro-pipe are specially
suitable for such conditions and both are recommended, due to the low coefficient of
linear expansion. In either choice, linear expansion compensation measures are not
necessary except with very long, free lengths of pipe. Standard pipe, however, has
a higher coefficient of linear expansion and, for exposed installations, is not generally
recommended, except in cold-water applications. Permissible effective spans should
be maintained in this case to obtain aesthetically acceptable pipe work.

Expansion Provisions
Thermoconcept piping networks have to be installed properly to avoid or minimize the
effect of linear expansion. Compatible material of pipe brackets or clips must be used.
Expansion joints for corrugated pipes for metal material are unsuitable for Thermoconcept
pipes, and should not be used. Toggle lever-bellow or axial expansion joints may be used but
manufacturer's instructions must be strictly followed.
While planning for linear expansion in open installations, the pipe route should be planned
and installed in such a way facilitating the free movement of pipe within the determined
expansion. Some examples and counter
measures to compensate for linear expansion
are given below:

Linear Expansion
Depending on the material combination of
the system being used, Thermoconcept
pipes will expand in length when subjected
to higher temperature. Expansion must be
designed into the system, depending on the
pipe system being used. While the linear
expansion of standard pipes are significant
and need to always be accounted for, that
of Stabi and Fibro pipes is considerably less
and in many cases no additional measures
for linear expansion are required.

Figure 4.3-1 Vertical


Piping at installation
temperature

From the following tables, the linear


expansion to be expected for a particular
free length of pipe can be anticipated
and built into the system.
It is important to account for the linear
expansion due to the difference between
the temperature at which the pipe is to
be installed, and the maximum operating
temperature anticipated (see figure 4.3-1
& 4.3-2), and accordingly, the appropriate
measures can be taken at the design
stage. (See tables 4.1-1, 4.1-2, & 4.1-3).

Figure 4.3-2: Vertical


Piping with linear
expansion at elevated
temperature

45

The following formula depicts the theoretical linear expansion calculation method.

Installation

l = x L x t
Where
L = linear expansion (mm).
=

linear expansion factor.

L =

Length of pipe in meters.

t = Difference between installation temperature & maximum possible operating


temperatures.
Linear expansion factors for the Thermoconcept pipes are as follows (See Figure
4.4):

Standard-Pipe:

= 0.150 mm/m K.

Stabi-Pipe:

= 0.030 mm/m K/.

Fibro-Pipe:

= 0.035 mm/m K

Figure 4.4: Linear Expansion of Fibro, Stabi and Standard Pipe

46

Linear Expansion Calculation Example:

Installation

To calculate the expansion (L) of a


standard Thermoconcept pipe segment (L)
of 2.0 meters, with the following information
available:
1.

The system will be used at a maximum


working temperature of 75C.

2.

Thermoconcept standard pipe has


a coefficient of linear expansion of (
=0.15).

3.

The installation was executed at the


typical ambient temperature of 25C.

Therefore.
L = L T
or
* (75C - 25C) = 15.0 mm

L = 0.15 * 2

Result:
Expected
linear
expansion
is
15.0 mm for this segment of pipe, at the
maximum extreme high operating scenario
of 75C, and accordingly, the system should
be designed.
Alternatively, you can quickly obtain the
result from the following table for different
types of pipe:

Figure 4.5: Linear Expansion

47

Table 4.1-1: Standard Pipe Linear Expansion Chart (meters)

Length of segment (meters)

T (C)**
10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

0.1

0.15

0.23

0.30

0.38

0.45

0.53

0.60

0.68

0.75

0.83

0.90

0.98

1.05

1.13

1.20

0.2

0.30

0.45

0.60

0.75

0.90

1.05

1.20

1.35

1.50

1.65

1.80

1.95

2.10

2.25

2.40

0.3

0.45

0.68

0.90

1.13

1.35

1.58

1.80

2.03

2.25

2.48

2.70

2.93

3.15

3.38

3.60

0.4

0.60

0.90

1.20

1.50

1.80

2.10

2.40

2.70

3.00

3.30

3.60

3.90

4.20

4.50

4.80

0.5

0.75

1.13

1.50

1.88

2.25

2.63

3.00

3.38

3.75

4.13

4.50

4.88

5.25

5.63

6.00

0.6

0.90

1.35

1.80

2.25

2.70

3.15

3.60

4.05

4.50

4.95

5.40

5.85

6.30

6.75

7.20

0.7

1.05

1.58

2.10

2.63

3.15

3.68

4.20

4.73

5.25

5.78

6.30

6.83

7.35

7.88

8.40

0.8

1.20

1.80

2.40

3.00

3.60

4.20

4.80

5.40

6.00

6.60

7.20

7.80

8.40

9.00

9.60

0.9

1.35

2.03

2.70

3.38

4.05

4.73

5.40

6.08

6.75

7.43

8.10

8.78

9.45

10.13

10.80

1.0

1.50

2.25

3.00

3.75

4.50

5.25

6.00

6.75

7.50

8.25

9.00

9.75

10.50

11.25

12.00

2.0

3.00

4.50

6.00

7.50

9.00

10.50

12.00

13.50

15.00

16.50

18.00

19.50

21.00

22.50

24.00

3.0

4.50

6.75

9.00

11.25

13.50

15.75

18.00

20.25

22.50

24.75

27.00

29.25

31.50

33.75

36.00

4.0

6.00

9.00

12.00

15.00

18.00

21.00

24.00

27.00

30.00

33.00

36.00

39.00

42.00

45.00

48.00

5.0

7.50

11.25

15.00

18.75

22.50

26.25

30.00

33.75

37.50

41.25

45.00

48.75

52.50

56.25

60.00

6.0

9.00

13.50

18.00

22.50

27.00

31.50

36.00

40.50

45.00

49.50

54.00

58.50

63.00

67.50

72.00

7.0

10.50

15.75

21.00

26.25

31.50

36.75

42.00

47.25

52.50

57.75

63.00

68.25

73.50

78.75

84.00

8.0

12.00

18.00

24.00

30.00

36.00

42.00

48.00

54.00

60.00

66.00

72.00

78.00

84.00

90.00

96.00

9.0

13.50

20.25

27.00

33.75

40.50

47.25

54.00

60.75

67.50

74.25

81.00

87.75

94.50

101.3

108.0

10.0

15.00

22.50

30.00

37.50

45.00

52.50

60.00

67.50

75.00

82.50

90.00

97.50

105.0

112.5

120.0

**Difference between installation and working temperature (C)

Table 4.1-2: Stabi Composite Pipe Linear Expansion Chart (meters)

Length of segment (meters)

T (C)**
10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

0.1

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.12

0.14

0.15

0.17

0.18

0.20

0.21

0.23

0.24

0.2

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.15

0.18

0.21

0.24

0.27

0.30

0.33

0.36

0.39

0.42

0.45

0.48

0.3

0.09

0.14

0.18

0.23

0.27

0.32

0.36

0.41

0.45

0.50

0.54

0.59

0.63

0.68

0.72

0.4
0.5
0.6

0.12

0.18

0.24

0.30

0.36

0.42

0.48

0.54

0.60

0.66

0.72

0.78

0.84

0.90

0.96

0.15

0.23

0.30

0.38

0.45

0.53

0.60

0.68

0.75

0.83

0.90

0.98

1.05

1.13

1.20

0.18

0.27

0.36

0.45

0.54

0.63

0.72

0.81

0.90

0.99

1.08

1.17

1.26

1.35

1.44

0.7

0.21

0.32

0.42

0.53

0.63

0.74

0.84

0.95

1.05

1.16

1.26

1.37

1.47

1.58

1.68

0.8

0.24

0.36

0.48

0.60

0.72

0.84

0.96

1.08

1.20

1.32

1.44

1.56

1.68

1.80

1.92

0.9

0.27

0.41

0.54

0.68

0.81

0.95

1.08

1.22

1.35

1.49

1.62

1.76

1.89

2.03

2.16

1.0

0.30

0.45

0.60

0.75

0.90

1.05

1.20

1.35

1.50

1.65

1.80

1.95

2.10

2.25

2.40

2.0

0.60

0.90

1.20

1.50

1.80

2.10

2.40

2.70

3.00

3.30

3.60

3.90

4.20

4.50

4.80

3.0

0.90

1.35

1.80

2.25

2.70

3.15

3.60

4.05

4.50

4.95

5.40

5.85

6.30

6.75

7.20

4.0

1.20

1.80

2.40

3.00

3.60

4.20

4.80

5.40

6.00

6.60

7.20

7.80

8.40

9.00

9.60

5.0

1.50

2.25

3.00

3.75

4.50

5.25

6.00

6.75

7.50

8.25

9.00

9.75

10.50

11.25

12.00

6.0

1.80

2.70

3.60

4.50

5.40

6.30

7.20

8.10

9.00

9.90

10.80

11.70

12.60

13.50

14.40

7.0

2.10

3.15

4.20

5.25

6.30

7.35

8.40

9.45

10.50

11.55

12.60

13.65

14.70

15.75

16.80

8.0

2.40

3.60

4.80

6.00

7.20

8.40

9.60

10.80

12.00

13.20

14.40

15.60

16.80

18.00

19.20

9.0

2.70

4.05

5.40

6.75

8.10

9.45

10.80

12.15

13.50

14.85

16.20

17.55

18.90

20.25

21.60

10.0

3.00

4.50

6.00

7.50

9.00

10.50

12.00

13.50

15.00

16.50

18.00

19.50

21.00

22.50

24.00

**Difference between installation and working temperature (C)

48

Installation

Table 4.1-3: Fibro Composite Pipe Linear Expansion Chart (meters).

T (C)**
10

Length of segment (meters)

0.1

0.035

15
0.053

20
0.070

25
0.094

30
0.105

35
0.129

40

45

0.140

0.164

50
0.176

55
0.199

60
0.211

65
0.234

70
0.246

75
0.269

80
0.281

0.2

0.070

0.105

0.14

0.176

0.211

0.246

0.281

0.316

0.351

0.386

0.421

0.456

0.491

0.527

0.562

0.3

0.105

0.164

0.211

0.269

0.316

0.374

0.421

0.48

0.527

0.585

0.632

0.690

0.737

0.796

0.842

0.4

0.14

0.211

0.281

0.35

0.421

0.491

0.562

0.632

0.700

0.772

0.842

0.913

0.983

1.05

1.123

0.5

0.176

0.269

0.351

0.445

0.527

0.620

0.702

0.796

0.878

0.971

1.05

1.15

1.235

1.322

1.404

0.6

0.211

0.316

0.421

0.527

0.632

0.737

0.842

0.948

1.053

1.158

1.264

1.369

1.474

1.580

1.685

0.7

0.246

0.374

0.491

0.620

0.737

0.866

0.983

1.111

1.229

1.357

1.474

1.603

1.720

1.849

1.966

0.8

0.281

0.421

0.562

0.702

0.842

0.983

1.123

1.264

1.404

1.544

1.685

1.825

1.966

2.106

2.246

0.9

0.316

0.480

0.632

0.796

0.948

1.111

1.264

1.427

1.580

1.743

1.895

2.059

2.211

2.375

2.530

1.0

0.351

0.527

0.702

0.878

1.05

1.290

1.400

1.640

1.760

1.990

2.110

2.340

2.457

2.632

2.808

2.0

0.700

1.050

1.400

1.760

2.110

2.460

2.810 3.160

3.510

3.860

4.210

4.560

4.910

5.270

5.620

3.0

1.050

1.640

2.110

2.690

3.160

3.740 4.210

4.800

5.270

5.850

6.320

6.900

7.370

7.960

8.420

4.0

1.400

2.110

2.810

3.500

4.210

4.910

6.320

7.000

7.720

8.420

9.130

9.830

10.50

11.23

5.620

5.0

1.760

2.690

3.510

4.450

5.270

6.200

7.020

7.960

8.780 9.7100 10.50

11.50

12.35

13.22

14.04

6.0

2.111

3.160

4.210

5.270

6.320

7.370

8.420

9.480

10.53

13.69

14.74

15.80

16.85

11.58

12.64

7.0

2.460

3.740

4.910

6.200

7.370

8.660

9.830

11.11

12.29

13.57

14.74

16.03

17.20

18.49

19.66

8.0

2.810

4.210

5.620

7.020

8.420

9.830

11.23

12.64

14.04

15.44

16.85

18.25

19.66

21.06

22.46

9.0

3.160

4.800

6.320

7.960

9.480

11.11

12.64

14.27

15.80

17.43

18.95

20.59

22.11

23.75

25.30

10.0

3.510

5.270

7.020

8.780

10.5

12.90

14.00

16.40

17.60

19.90

21.10

23.40

24.57

26.32

28.08

**Difference between installation and working temperature (C)

49

Bends (Knees)
Installation

In certain required cases, direction changes can be used to compensate for linear
expansion in pipes. The knee length Lk is calculated according to following formula:
Lk = c L
Where
Lk
c


L
FC
SC

Length (mm) of the bend knee.


Material specific constant (equal to 15 for
Thermoconcept pipes).
Outside Diameter (mm)
Linear expansion.
Fixed Clamping.
Slide Clamping.

Figure 4.6: Bend (Knee).

Bend Knee Calculation Example:


To calculate the length of a bend for a Thermoconcept pipe corner of a standard
Thermoconcept pipe segment (L) of 2.5 meters of a diameter of 20 mm, with the
following information available:
1.

The system will be used at a maximum working temperature of 75C.

2.

Thermoconcept standard pipe has a coefficient of linear expansion of 0.15.

3.

The installation was executed at the typical ambient temperature of 25C.

Calculate the amount of linear expansion in the main pipe length.


Therefore.
L = L t

or

L = 0.15 * 2.5 * (75C - 25C) = 18.75 mm

Result: Expected linear expansion is 18.75 mm for this segment of pipe, at the

50

maximum extreme high operating scenario of 75C, and accordingly

Installation

Next, calculate the knee bend side length required:


Lk = 15 X 20.0 mm X 18.75 mm = 290.5mm
Result: Minimum required bending side Lk is 290.5 mm. A 5% safety factor increase
of this length is suggested.

Pre-Stressing of Knee
It is possible to pre-stress the knee in tight areas with no space for full knees saving
about 30% of the length. The pre-stressing is done by spring loading the knee in the
opposite direction of the expected linear expansion, minimizing knee deformations
(See Figure 4.7).

Figure 4.7: Pre-stressing of Bending knee

The knee length Lkp is calculated according to following formula:


Lkp = c x L/2
Where
Lkp

Length of knee (mm).

Material specific constant (equal to 15 for thermoCONcept pipes).

Outside Diameter (mm).

Linear expansion.

51

Knee Pre-stressing Calculation Example:

Installation

As per the previous example of knee calculation, we can calculate the pre-stress
bending side Lkp required:
Lkp = 15 X 20.0 mm X 18.75 mm/2
Lkp = 205 mm (compared to 290.5 mm with no pre-stressing,)
Therefore, the calculated minimum required pre-stressed knee Lkp comes up to 205 mm.
Calculation of bending knees under normal conditions and under pre-stressed
conditions can be directly obtained using tables 4.2-1, and 4.2-2 respectively.

Table 4.2-1: Length of Bend knee for Thermoconcept Pipes


Linear Expansion (mm)
Diameter of Pipe

10

20

30

40

50
60
70
Length of Bend(m)

80

90

100

110

20

0.21

0.30

0.37

0.42

0.47

0.52

0.56

0.60

0.64

0.67

0.70

25

0.24

0.34

0.41

0.47

0.53

32

0.27

0.38

0.46

0.54

0.60

0.58

0.63

0.76

0.71

0.75

0.79

0.66

0.71

0.76

0.80

0.85

0.89

40

0.30

0.42

0.52

0.60

50

0.34

0.47

0.58

0.67

0.67

0.73

0.79

0.85

0.90

0.95

0.99

0.75

0.82

0.89

0.95

1.01

1.06

63

0.38

0.53

0.65

1.11

0.75

0.84

0.92

1.00

1.06

1.13

1.19

1.25

75

0.41

0.58

90

0.45

0.64

0.71

0.82

0.92

1.01

1.09

1.16

1.23

1.3

1.36

0.78

0.90

1.01

1.10

1.19

1.27

1.35

1.42

110

0.50

1.49

0.70

0.86

0.99

1.11

1.22

1.32

1.41

1.49

1.57

1.65

125
160

0.53

0.75

0.92

1.06

1.19

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.59

1.68

1.76

0.60

0.85

1.04

1.20

1.34

1.47

1.59

1.70

1.80

1.90

1.99

80

90

100

110

Table 4.2-2: Length of Bend knee with pre-stress for Thermoconcept Pipes
Linear Expansion (mm)
Diameter of Pipe

10

20

30

40

20
25

0.15
0.17

0.21
0.24

0.26
0.29

0.30
0.34

0.34
0.38

0.37
0.41

0.40
0.44

0.42
0.47

0.45
0.50

0.47
0.53

0.50
0.56

32

0.19

0.27

0.33

0.38

0.42

0.46

0.50

0.54

0.57

0.60

0.63

40

0.21

0.30

0.37

0.42

0.47

0.52

0.56

0.60

0.64

0.67

0.70

50

0.24

0.34

0.41

0.47

0.53

0.58

0.63

0.67

0.71

0.75

0.79

63

0.27

0.38

0.46

0.53

0.60

0.65

0.70

0.75

0.80

0.84

0.88

75

0.29

0.41

0.51

0.58

0.65

0.71

0.77

0.82

0.87

0.92

0.96

52

50
60
70
Length of Bend (m)

90

0.32

0.45

0.55

0.64

0.71

0.78

0.84

0.90

0.95

1.01

1.06

110

0.35

0.5

0.61

0.70

0.79

0.86

0.93

0.99

1.06

1.11

1.17

125

0.38

0.53

0.65

0.75

0.84

0.92

0.99

1.06

1.13

1.19

1.24

160

0.42

0.6

0.73

0.85

0.95

1.04

1.12

1.2

1.27

1.34

1.41

Expansion loop
Installation

Cases will arise where change in direction is not possible, a U-shaped


expansion loop can be used to compensate for linear expansion.
The width of the expansion loop minimum distance (Wmin), and the
lengths of the two expansion legs (Lex) can be calculated using the
following formula:
Wmin = 2 x L + SG
and
Lex = c x L

Where:
SG

Safety gap in expansion loop, (recommended 100mm).

Linear expansion.

Wmin

Minimum (Fixed) Width of expansion loop.

Lex:

Length of expansion loop side.

Figure 4.8:

Expansion Loop

53

Expansion Loop Calculation Example:

Installation

Assuming you need to calculate the expansion Loop width of length for
a Thermoconcept pipe corner, assuming the following:
L

Linear expansion

60.0 mm

SG

Safety distance

100mm.

Outside Diameter (mm).

20mm.

Then,
Wmin = 2 x 60.0 mm + 100 mm
The width of the expansion Wmin should be at least 220 mm.
And
Lex = c x L
Lex = 15 x 20 60

54

520mm

Pre-Stressing of Expansion Loop

Installation

It is possible to pre-stress the expansion loop to minimize the width (Wmin).


The pre-stressing is done by spring loading the main line in the opposite
direction of the expected linear expansion, minimizing width deformations
(See Figure 4.9).

Figure 4.9: Pre-stressing of Expansion Loop

The knee length Lexp is calculated according to following formula:


Wpmin = L + SG
and
Lexp = c x L/2
Where:
SG

Safety gap in expansion loop, (recommended 100mm).

Linear expansion.

Wpmin

Minimum (Fixed) Width of expansion loop.

Lexp:

Length of expansion loop side (with pre-stress.

55

Expansion Loop Pre-stressing Calculation Example:

Installation

As per the previous example of knee calculation, we can calculate the


pre-stress bending side Lexp required, assuming the following:
L

Linear expansion

60.0 mm

SG

Safety distance

100mm.

Outside Diameter (mm).

20mm.

Then,
Wpmin = 60.0 mm + 100 mm
The width of the expansion Wpmin should be at least 160 mm.
And
Lexp = c x L/2
Lexp= 15 x 20 60/2 = 367mm

56

Effective Spans
Installation

Support intervals for Thermoconcept standard pipes in conjunction


with temperature and outside diameter should be maintained
between different clamps. These spans should not be exceeded for a
given temperature rating of the line. Table 4.3-1; 4.3-2; and 4.3-3 outline
the allowable spans for Thermoconcept pipes.

Table 4.3-1: Effective Spans for Thermoconcept Standard Pipes(PN 20)


Pipe Diameter (mm)
Temperature Differences
t (K)

20

25

40

50

63

75

90

110

125

160

250
180
180
170
170
160
140

270
210
210
190
190
180
160

Support Spans in cm between pipe clamps


0
20
30
40
50
60
70

85
60
60
60
60
55
50

105
75
75
70
70
65
60

125
90
90
80
80
75
75

140
100
100
90
90
85
80

165
120
120
110
110
100
95

190
140
140
130
130
115
105

205
150
150
140
140
125
115

220
160
160
150
150
140
125

Effective spans may be increased by 20% more than tabulated data for pipes installed vertically.

Table 4.3-2 Effective Spans for Thermoconcept Stabi Composite Pipes (PN20/25)
Pipe Diameter (mm)
Temperature Differences
t (K)

20

25

32

40

50

63

75

90

110

300
230
230
220
220
210
200

325
250
240
230
240
200
200

Support Spans in cm between pipe clamps


0
20
30
40
50
60
70

155
120
120
110
110
100
90

170
130
130
120
120
110
100

195
150
150
140
140
130
120

220
170
170
160
160
150
140

245
190
190
180
180
170
160

270
210
210
200
200
190
180

285
220
220
210
210
200
190

Effective spans may be increased by 20% more than tabulated data for pipes installed vertically.

57

Table 4.3-3 Effective Spans for Thermoconcept Fibro Composite Pipes (PN20 & 25)
Pipe Diameter (mm)
Temperature Differences
t (K)

20

25

32

40

50

63

75

90

110

125

160

260
195
195
185
185
175
165

290
215
210
200
190
180
170

320
240
225
215
195
185
175

340
270
245
235
205
195
185

Support Spans in cm between pipe clamps


0
20
30
40
50
60
70

120
90
90
85
85
80
70

140
105
105
95
95
90
80

160
120
120
110
110
105
95

180
135
135
125
125
120
110

205
155
155
145
145
135
130

230
175
175
165
165
155
145

245
185
185
175
175
165
155

Effective spans may be increased by 20% more than tabulated data for pipes installed vertically.

Pipe Bending
When bending of PPr is necessary, direct hot air blowing should be applied and never by a direct flame for
heating the pipes. The suitable temperature for bending of PPr pipes without damage is 135 - 145C, where
the material becomes ductile, but still not molten. Furthermore, minimum bending radiuses are given below
in table 4.4. Smaller radiuses will damage the pipes and should never be executed.

Table 4.4: Recommended Bending Radiuses


Pipe Outside Diameter
Min. Bending Radius (In mm)
20 mm
160
25 mm
200
32 mm
260
40 mm
325
50 mm
400
63 mm
500
75 mm
600
90 mm
700
110 mm
800
125 mm
900
160 mm
1,000

Pipe Clamping
Rubber clamp inserts for plastic pipe prevent the pipe surface from being damaged at the clamp and
ensure the desired guiding and holding of the pipe. A full range of clamps are available at Thermoconcept ,
providing the adequate support for the pipes in the installation of the network. Thermoconcept clamps
are manufactured with a safety rubber coating especially made to ensure that pipe surfaces are not
damaged during installation. The rubber coating also provides the desired guiding and holding in the
installations. The appropriate clamp should be chosen according to the installed pipe diameter.

58

Insulation of Pipes.
Installation

A major advantage of the use of polypropylene pipes is its low coefficient of thermal
conductivity. In comparison to steel piping systems, PP-R systems offer superior insulating
properties, and require much less insulation, if further heat loss is to be prevented.
Insulating material should ensure that the water is maintained at the designed
operating temperature. Legal and other obligations (in building regulations) should
also be complied with.
The insulating effect is mainly a function of the thickness of insulation and its thermal
conductivity. It increases in direct proportion to the temperature. Moisture can
impair the performance of insulating material. Hence open cell and fibrous insulating
materials should be supplemented with a vapor barrier attached to the outer surface
of the insulation.
Condensation can form on any insulating material if the pipe carrying cold water is
inadequately lagged. Furthermore, it can lead towards moisture penetrating to the
pipe in case of using unsuitable materials. Obviously, closed cell material with a high
moisture resistance should be used to insulate cold water pipes. All butt joints, cuts,
and ends should be properly sealed.
Considering the areas where frost damage is common, even insulation would prove
insufficient in preventing the freezing if the system is out of service. Pipes should hence
be drained or protected.

Insulation of Thermoconcept Pipes for Cold Water Applications.


In general, the requirements of DIN 1988 part 2, insulation of pipes should be designed
to adequately protect against condensation and moisture for cold water applications.
Local regulation and environmental requirements of specific countries have to be
taken into consideration. Environmental care and awareness are also factors to
consider in this regard.
While installing cold water pipes, contact or proximity to heat sources such as hot
pipes, chimneys and boilers should be avoided. Moreover, pipes should be insulated
sufficiently to maintain water temperature. For residential applications, the minimum
insulation thickness specified in table 4.5 should be used. Moreover, adequate
protection against condensation on the outer surface of the insulation should be
addressed.
In general, and because of the specifications of PN 20 pipe, cold water systems do
not usually have to be insulated against condensation water.

Table 4.5 Thermoconcept Recommended Insulation Thickness for Cold Water Pipes.
Installation condition

Minimum Insulation Thickness (mm)


= 0,040 W/(mK)*

Exposed pipes, in unheated room (e.g. cellar)

Exposed pipes, in heated room.

Ducted pipes (cold water only)

Ducted pipes (cold and hot water)

13

Pipes in wall recess, next to hot pipes

13

Pipes on concrete floor

*For other values of the thickness is to be obtained by conversion, on the basis of a pipe diameter of 20mm

59

Insulation of Pipes for Hot Water Applications.

Installation

The minimum requirements specified should be complied with (Heating System


Regulation) for restricting the heat loss of hot water pipes.
Thermoconcept pipes and fittings have to be protected by insulation to prevent
heat loss. Pipes and fittings made of PP-R have a heat conductivity constant of 0.15
W/ mK. In terms of heat transfer, this indicates a significantly higher degree of natural
self-insulation properties compared with metal pipes.

Pressure Test
Commissioning drinking water networks requires testing for water tightness. This
should be done while the system is still largely exposed to be able to accommodate
for changes and final adjustment before expensive measures are required in later
construction stages.
PPr, as is the case for all plastics, expands under heat and pressure. It is necessary
therefore to ensure that the test medium, which is normally water, has no influence on
the test in temperature difference with the pipe network for the test to be conducted
correctly. Attention should therefore be paid to the fact that the test medium has a
temperature that is as constant as possible.
The testing procedure is divided into three parts, namely the initial, the main and the
final test. Make sure that the pressure measuring device used has an accuracy of 0.1
bar or finer.

a.

Preliminary Test

The pressure during this test should be conducted at 50% more than the maximum
operating pressure. This test pressure must be restored twice at intervals of 10
minutes within a period of 30 minutes. After the pressure has been restored again
a second time, the test pressure may not fall by more than 0.6 bar within the next
30 minutes. In addition no leakage may occur throughout the network.

b.

Main Test

Second test commences immediately after the completion of the initial test
and lasts two hours, again at 50% more than the maximum operating pressure.
During this period the pressure may not fall by more than 0.2 bar relative to the
pressure at the end of the initial test.

c.

Final Test

Test pressures of 10 bar and 1 bar are applied alternately at intervals of at


least 5 minutes. After each application of pressure, the pipe network is to be
depressurized. Leakage may not occur at any point in the network being tested.

Documentation of the test should be done and signed by the client and contractor.

60

Flushing the Network


Installation

For hygienic reasons, drinking water pipes should be thoroughly flushed


with pressurized filtered water after installation after pressure testing,
and before putting the network to use. Cold and hot water pipes for
non drinking applications should be flushed under pressure, using an
intermittent water/air mixture flushing with a minimum flow rate (see table
4.6). This requires a certain number of taps to be open. This also requires
compressed air to be available with the air pressure equal at least to the
static pressure of the water. The quality of the air should be oil free, and
harmless to the health.

Moreover, the following should be observed:


Flushing should be executed always from bottom to top, including


building levels or sections done one by one, and risers and from the
closest to the furthest away.

All taps should be opened one after the other, starting with the
most remote to the main.

The flushing period is a function of the length of pipe run. No


section exceeding 100m of pipe run should be flushed at one time.
The system should be flushed in sections depending on its size and
layout.

After flushing with the last tap opened, the taps should be closed
in opposite order.

The flushing effect should be reinforced by periodic opening and


closing of the air and water supply at regular intervals. A pressure
surge produced by rapid opening and closing of valves is effective.

For manual operation of the taps, an open interval of about


five seconds and a closed interval of less than two seconds are
recommended.

Table 4.6 Minimum Flow Rate and Minimum Number of Draw-off Points to Be Opened for Flushing
(with a minimum flow rate of 0.5 m/s)
Maximum nominal size (DN)
Minimum flow rate with the pipe
work section completely filled, in l/
min
Minimum number of DN 15 taps to
be opened

25

32

40

50

65

80

100

15

25

38

59

100

151

236

14

Valves, water heaters and other appliances should only be installed after flushing the network to prevent
damage with residual debris.

61

Electrical Grounding of the Network


Installation

According to DIN VDE 0100, part 701, electrically conductive components


such as metal taps and metal pipe systems are required to be ground
properly (earthed) to protect from shock. This is normally done at a
central point, e.g. power circuit distributor, or at the earth wire bus bar
on the main potentials balance. This includes rooms containing shower
baths or basins. In case of connecting batteries and metallic outlets in
the Thermoconcept piping system, no certain requirement for grounding
exists.
Note: It is essential to consult a qualified electrician or engineer to confirm
proper grounding.

Transport and Storage of PPr Pipes


Thermoconcept pipe system components can be stored at all
temperatures However, the storage method should observe the following
conditions:
1.

Always support the pipes along their full length to prevent


deformations.

2.

Always keep the pipes in a clean and dry area, away from sunlight
UV radiation.

3.

Keep the material safe from any impact in handling and storage,
especially at lower temperatures.

Water Point Connections

62

Principle of Calculation of Piping Network


Planning
& Design

Selection of pipe diameter in potable water networks involves the determination of the
pressure loss in the pipes which depends on the length of the pipe, the pipe material
and the flow rate. This is given in Part 3 of the DIN 1988 (Technical Rules for Potable
Water Installations), and should be used as a basis for these calculations.
Determining the maximum flow rate should be calculated on the desired flow rate of
each water point. In order to select pipe diameter, the following data has to be taken
into account:

Minimum supply pressure including boost pressure.

Height (head) variations within the network.

Pressure loss due to friction of pipe, fittings and connections, water-meter,

filters, apparatus and softening installations.


Pressure and flow requirements at water points (refer to table 5.1 for guidelines).

TABLE 5.1: Calculated Flow Pressure of Common Water Points


Minimum
Flow
Pressure
(Bar)

*


* *

Calculated Flow
Water point

Mi xe r ( Ba t h sh ow e r )

Mixed Water *

DN15

Unmixed Water

VR Cold (l/s)

VR Warm
(l/s)

VR

0.15

0.15

Mi xe r ( Ba t h t ub s)

DN15

0.15

0.15

M i xe r ( Ki t c h e n si nk)

DN15

0.07

0.07

Mi xe r ( Wa sh b a si n)

DN15

0.07

0.07

Bi d e t s

DN15

0.07

0.07

Mi xi n g Ba t t e r y)

DN20

0.3

0.3

Wa t e r H e a t e r ( f ul l y o p e n )

DN15

0.1

0. 5

F l ush Box

DN15

0 . 13

1. 2

F l ush Va l v e s

DN15

0.7

1. 2

F l ush Va l v e s

DN20

1.0

0. 4

F l ush Va l v e s

DN25

1.0

Ur i n a l F l ush Va l v e s

DN15

0 .3

Sh ow e r H e a d s

DN15

0.1

0.1

0 .2

0. 5

T a p s w /o A i r I n l e t

DN15

0 .3

0. 5

T a p s w /o A i r I n l e t

DN20

0 .5

0. 5

T a p s w /o A i r I n l e t

DN25

1 .0

Taps w/ Air Inlet

DN10

0 . 15

Taps w/ Air Inlet

DN15

0.15

Wa sh i n g Ma c h i n e

DN15

0 . 25

D i sh Wa sh e r s

DN15

0.15

Th e mi ni m um p r e ssur e of f l ow w i l l i n c r e a s e by 1 . 0 t o 1 . 5 b a r if t a ps a r e wit h o u t a ir in le t
and the l oss of p r e ssur e i n t h e h ose p ipe o f u p t o 1 0 m le n g t h wh ile c o n n e c t e d a p pa r a t u s
i s taken ov e r t h e m i n i m um p r e ssur e o f f lo w.
Assumi n g 1 5 C f or c ol d p ot a b l e w at e r & 6 0 C f o r wa r m wa t e r .

63

Table 5.2-1: Peak Flow Rate **

Determination of maximum flow rate VS from the flow VR for buildings acc. to DIN 1988 part 3

VR

0.03

VS

0.00

VR

1.02

VS

0.55

VR

2.02

VS

0.80

VS = 0,682 x (VR)0.45 - 0.14 (l/s)


VR

3.02

VS

0.98

VR

4.02

VS

1.14

VR

5.10

VS

1.28

VR

10.10

VS

1.79

VR

15.10

VS

2.17

0.04

0.02

1.04

0.55

2.04

0.80

3.04

0.98

4.04

1.14

5.20

1.29

10.20

1.80

15.20

2.18

0.06

0.05

1.06

0.56

2.06

0.80

3.06

0.99

4.06

1.14

5.30

1.30

10.30

1.81

15.30

2.19

0.07

0.07

1.08

0.57

2.08

0.81

3.08

0.99

4.08

1.14

5.40

1.32

10.40

1.82

15.40

2.19

0.08

0.08

1.10

0.57

2.10

0.81

3.10

0.99

4.10

1.15

5.50

1.33

10.50

1.82

15.50

2.20

0.09

0.09

1.12

0.58

2.12

0.82

3.12

1.00

4.12

1.15

5.60

1.34

10.60

1.83

15.60

2.21

0.10

0.10

1.14

0.58

2.14

0.82

3.14

1.00

4.14

1.15

5.70

1.35

10.70

1.84

15.70

2.21

0.13

0.13

1.16

0.59

2.16

0.82

3.16

1.00

4.16

1.16

5.80

1.36

10.80

1.85

15.80

2.22

0.15

0.15

1.18

0.59

2.18

0.83

3.18

1.01

4.18

1.16

5.90

1.38

10.90

1.86

15.90

2.23

0.20

0.19

1.20

0.60

2.20

0.83

3.20

1.01

4.20

1.16

6.00

1.39

11.00

1.87

16.00

2.23

0. 22

0. 21

1 .2 2

0 .6 1

2 .2 2

0 .8 4

3 .2 2

1.01

4.22

1.16

6.10

1.40

11.10

1.87

16.10

2.24

0. 24

0. 22

1 .2 4

0 .6 1

2 .2 4

0 .8 4

3 .2 4

1.02

4.24

1.17

6.20

1.41

11.20

1.88

16.20

2.25

0. 26

0. 23

1 .2 6

0 .6 2

2 .2 6

0 .8 4

3 .2 6

1.02

4.26

1.17

6.30

1.42

11.30

1.89

16.30

2.25

0. 28

0. 24

1 .2 8

0 .6 2

2 .2 8

0 .8 5

3 .2 8

1.02

4.28

1.17

6.40

1.43

11.40

1.90

16.40

2.26

0. 30

0. 26

1 .3 0

0 .6 3

2 .3 0

0 .8 5

3 .3 0

1.03

4.30

1.17

6.50

1.44

11.50

1.91

16.50

2.27

0. 32

0. 27

1 .3 2

0 .6 3

2 .3 2

0 .8 6

3 .3 2

1.03

4.32

1.18

6.60

1.45

11.60

1.91

16.60

2.27

0. 34

0. 28

1 .3 4

0 .6 4

2 .3 4

0 .8 6

3 .3 4

1.03

4.34

1.18

6.70

1.47

11.70

1.92

16.70

2.28

0. 36

0. 29

1 .3 6

0 .6 4

2 .3 6

0 .8 6

3 .3 6

1.04

4.36

1.18

6.80

1.48

11.80

1.93

16.80

2.29

0. 38

0. 30

1 .3 8

0 .6 5

2 .3 8

0 .8 7

3 .3 8

1.04

4.38

1.19

6.90

1.49

11.90

1.94

16.90

2.29

0. 40

0. 31

1 .4 0

0 .6 5

2 .4 0

0 .8 7

3 .4 0

1.04

4.40

1.19

7.00

1.50

12.00

1.95

17.00

2.30

0. 42

0. 32

1 .4 2

0 .6 6

2 .4 2

0 .8 8

3 .4 2

1.05

4.42

1.19

7.10

1.51

12.10

1.95

17.10

2.31
2.31

0. 44

0. 33

1 .4 4

0 .6 6

2 .4 4

0 .8 8

3 .4 4

1.05

4.44

1.19

7.20

1.52

12.20

1.96

17.20

0. 46

0. 34

1 .4 6

0 .6 7

2 .4 6

0 .8 8

3 .4 6

1.05

4.46

1.20

7.30

1.53

12.30

1.97

17.30

2.32

0. 48

0. 35

1 .4 8

0 .6 7

2 .4 8

0 .8 9

3 .4 8

1.06

4.48

1.20

7.40

1.54

12.40

1.98

17.40

2.33

0. 50

0. 36

1 .5 0

0 .6 8

2 .5 0

0 .8 9

3 .5 0

1.06

4.50

1.20

7.50

1.55

12.50

1.99

17.50

2.33

0. 52

0. 37

1 .5 2

0 .6 8

2 .5 2

0 .8 9

3 .5 2

1.06

4.52

1.20

7.60

1.56

12.60

1.99

17.60

2.34

0. 54

0. 38

1 .5 4

0 .6 9

2 .5 4

0 .9 0

3 .5 4

1.06

4.54

1.21

7.70

1.57

12.70

2.00

17.70

2.35

0. 56

0. 39

1 .5 6

0 .6 9

2 .5 6

0 .9 0

3 .5 6

1.07

4.56

1.21

7.80

1.58

12.80

2.01

17.80

2.35

0. 58

0. 39

1 .5 8

0 .7 0

2 .5 8

0 .9 0

3 .5 8

1.07

4.58

1.21

7.90

1.59

12.90

2.02

17.90

2.36

0. 60

0. 40

1 .6 0

0 .7 0

2 .6 0

0 .9 1

3 .6 0

1.07

4.60

1.22

8.00

1.60

13.00

2.02

18.00

2.36

0. 62

0. 41

1 .6 2

0 .7 1

2 .6 2

0 .9 1

3 .6 2

1.08

4.62

1.22

8.10

1.61

13.10

2.03

18.10

2.37

0. 64

0. 42

1 .6 4

0 .7 1

2 .6 4

0 .9 2

3 .6 4

1.08

4.64

1.22

8.20

1.62

13.20

2.04

18.20

2.38

0. 66

0. 43

1 .6 6

0 .7 2

2 .6 6

0 .9 2

3 .6 6

1.08

4.66

1.22

8.30

1.63

13.30

2.05

18.30

2.38

0. 68

0. 43

1 .6 8

0 .7 2

2 .6 8

0 .9 2

3 .6 8

1.09

4.68

1.23

8.40

1.64

13.40

2.05

18.40

2.39

0. 70

0. 44

1 .7 0

0 .7 3

2 .7 0

0 .9 3

3 .7 0

1.09

4.70

1.23

8.50

1.65

13.50

2.06

18.50

2.40

0. 72

0. 45

1 .7 2

0 .7 3

2 .7 2

0 .9 3

3 .7 2

1.09

4.72

1.23

8.60

1.66

13.60

2.07

18.60

2.40

0. 74

0. 46

1 .7 4

0 .7 4

2 .7 4

0 .9 3

3 .7 4

1.09

4.74

1.23

8.70

1.67

13.70

2.07

18.70

2.41

0. 76

0. 46

1 .7 6

0 .7 4

2 .7 6

0 .9 4

3 .7 6

1.10

4.76

1.24

8.80

1.67

13.80

2.08

18.80

2.41

0. 78

0. 47

1 .7 8

0 .7 4

2 .7 8

0 .9 4

3 .7 8

1.10

4.78

1.24

8.90

1.68

13.90

2.09

18.90

2.42

0. 80

0. 48

1 .8 0

0 .7 5

2 .8 0

0 .9 4

3 .8 0

1.10

4.80

1.24

9.00

1.69

14.00

2.10

19.00

2.43

0. 82

0. 48

1 .8 2

0 .7 5

2 .8 2

0 .9 5

3 .8 2

1.11

4.82

1.24

9.10

1.70

14.10

2.10

19.10

2.43

0. 84

0. 49

1 .8 4

0 .7 6

2 .8 4

0 .9 5

3 .8 4

1.11

4.84

1.25

9.20

1.71

14.20

2.11

19.20

2.44

0. 86

0. 50

1 .8 6

0 .7 6

2 .8 6

0 .9 5

3 .8 6

1.11

4.86

1.25

9.30

1.72

14.30

2.12

19.30

2.44

0. 88

0. 50

1 .8 8

0 .7 7

2 .8 8

0 .9 6

3 .8 8

1.12

4.88

1.25

9.40

1.73

14.40

2.12

19.40

2.45

0. 90

0. 51

1 .9 0

0 .7 7

2 .9 0

0 .9 6

3 .9 0

1.12

4.90

1.25

9.50

1.74

14.50

2.13

19.50

2.46

0. 92

0. 52

1 .9 2

0 .7 7

2 .9 2

0 .9 6

3 .9 2

1.12

4.92

1.26

9.60

1.75

14.60

2.14

19.60

2.46

0. 94

0. 52

1 .9 4

0 .7 8

2 .9 4

0 .9 7

3 .9 4

1.12

4.94

1.26

9.70

1.76

14.70

2.15

19.70

2.47

0. 96

0. 53

1 .9 6

0 .7 8

2 .9 6

0 .9 7

3 .9 6

1.13

4.96

1.26

9.80

1.76

14.80

2.15

19.80

2.47

0. 98

0. 54

1 .9 8

0 .7 9

2 .9 8

0 .9 7

3 .9 8

1.13

4.98

1.26

9.90

1.77

14.90

2.16

19.90

2.48

1. 00

0. 54

2 .0 0

0 .7 9

3 .0 0

0 .9 8

4 .0 0

1.13

5.00

1.27

10.00

1.78

15.00

2.17

20.00

2.49

** This table is valid, if the calculated flow VR of the respective water points is less than 0.5 l/s.

64

Table 5.2-2: Peak Flow Rate **

Determination of maximum flow rate VS from the flow VR for buildings acc. to DIN 1988 part 3
VS = 1.7 x (VR)0.21 - 0.7 (l/s)

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

VR

VS

1.00
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.25
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.45
1.50
1.55
1.60
1.65
1.70
1.75
1.80
1.85
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90
3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40
3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90
4.00
4.10
4.20
4.30
4.40
4.50
4.60
4.70
4.80
4.90
5.00

1.00
1.02
1.03
1.05
1.07
1.08
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.25
1.27
1.29
1.31
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.38
1.39
1.41
1.43
1.44
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.50
1.51
1.52
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.62
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.67
1.68

5.10
5.20
5.30
5.40
5.50
5.60
5.70
5.80
5.90
6.00
6.10
6.20
6.30
6.40
6.50
6.60
6.70
6.80
6.90
7.00
7.10
7.20
7.30
7.40
7.50
7.60
7.70
7.80
7.90
8.00
8.10
8.20
8.30
8.40
8.50
8.60
8.70
8.80
8.90
9.00
9.10
9.20
9.30
9.40
9.50
9.60
9.70
9.80
9.90
10.00

1.69
1.70
1.71
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.75
1.76
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.82
1.83
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.90
1.90
1.91
1.92
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.94
1.95
1.96
1.96
1.97
1.98
1.98
1.99
2.00
2.00
2.01
2.02
2.02
2.03
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.05
2.06

10.10
10.20
10.30
10.40
10.50
10.60
10.70
10.80
10.90
11.00
11.10
11.20
11.30
11.40
11.50
11.60
11.70
11.80
11.90
12.00
12.10
12.20
12.30
12.40
12.50
12.60
12.70
12.80
12.90
13.00
13.10
13.20
13.30
13.40
13.50
13.60
13.70
13.80
13.90
14.00
14.10
14.20
14.30
14.40
14.50
14.60
14.70
14.80
14.90
15.00

2.06
2.07
2.07
2.08
2.09
2.09
2.10
2.10
2.11
2.11
2.12
2.12
2.13
2.13
2.14
2.14
2.15
2.15
2.16
2.16
2.17
2.17
2.18
2.18
2.19
2.19
2.20
2.20
2.21
2.21
2.22
2.22
2.23
2.23
2.24
2.24
2.25
2.25
2.25
2.26
2.26
2.27
2.27
2.28
2.28
2.29
2.29
2.29
2.30
2.30

15.10
15.20
15.30
15.40
15.50
15.60
15.70
15.80
15.90
16.00
16.10
16.20
16.30
16.40
16.50
16.60
16.70
16.80
16.90
17.00
17.10
17.20
17.30
17.40
17.50
17.60
17.70
17.80
17.90
18.00
18.10
18.20
18.30
18.40
18.50
18.60
18.70
18.80
18.90
19.00
19.10
19.20
19.30
19.40
19.50
19.60
19.70
19.80
19.90
20.00

2.31
2.31
2.31
2.32
2.32
2.33
2.33
2.34
2.34
2.34
2.35
2.35
2.35
2.36
2.36
2.37
2.37
2.37
2.38
2.38
2.39
2.39
2.39
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.41
2.41
2.42
2.42
2.42
2.43
2.43
2.43
2.44
2.44
2.44
2.45
2.45
2.45
2.46
2.46
2.47
2.47
2.47
2.48
2.48
2.48
2.49
2.49

22.40
24.80
27.20
29.60
32.00
34.40
36.80
39.20
41.60
44.00
46.40
48.80
51.20
53.60
56.00
58.40
60.80
63.20
65.60
68.00
70.40
72.80
75.20
77.60
80.00
82.40
84.80
87.20
89.60
92.00
94.40
96.80
99.20
101.60
104.00
106.40
108.80
111.20
113.60
116.00
118.40
120.80
123.20
125.60
128.00
130.40
132.80
135.20
137.60
140.00

2.57
2.64
2.70
2.76
2.82
2.87
2.92
2.97
3.02
3.06
3.11
3.15
3.19
3.22
3.26
3.29
3.33
3.36
3.39
3.42
3.45
3.48
3.51
3.54
3.57
3.59
3.62
3.64
3.67
3.69
3.72
3.74
3.76
3.79
3.81
3.83
3.85
3.87
3.89
3.91
3.93
3.95
3.97
3.99
4.01
4.03
4.05
4.06
4.08
4.10

142.40
144.80
147.20
149.60
152.00
154.40
156.80
159.20
161.60
164.00
166.40
168.80
171.20
173.60
176.00
178.40
180.80
183.20
185.60
188.00
190.40
192.80
195.20
197.60
200.00
202.40
204.80
207.20
209.60
212.00
214.40
216.80
219.20
221.60
224.00
226.40
228.80
231.20
233.60
236.00
238.40
240.80
243.20
245.60
248.00
250.40
252.80
255.20
257.60
260.00

4.12
4.13
4.15
4.17
4.18
4.20
4.21
4.23
4.25
4.26
4.28
4.29
4.31
4.32
4.34
4.35
4.36
4.38
4.39
4.41
4.42
4.43
4.45
4.46
4.47
4.49
4.50
4.51
4.52
4.54
4.55
4.56
4.57
4.58
4.60
4.61
4.62
4.63
4.64
4.66
4.67
4.68
4.69
4.70
4.71
4.72
4.73
4.74
4.75
4.77

262.40
264.80
267.20
269.60
272.00
274.40
276.80
279.20
281.60
284.00
286.40
288.80
291.20
293.60
296.00
298.40
300.80
303.20
305.60
308.00
310.40
312.80
315.20
317.60
320.00
322.40
324.80
327.20
329.60
332.00
334.40
336.80
339.20
341.60
344.00
346.40
348.80
351.20
353.60
356.00
358.40
360.80
363.20
365.00
368.00
370.40
372.80
375.20
377.60
380.00

4.78
4.79
4.80
4.81
4.82
4.83
4.84
4.85
4.86
4.87
4.88
4.89
4.90
4.91
4.92
4.93
4.93
4.94
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.04
5.05
5.06
5.07
5.08
5.09
5.10
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.15
5.16
5.17
5.18
5.19
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22

382.40
384.80
387.20
389.60
392.00
394.40
396.80
399.20
401.60
404.00
406.40
408.80
411.20
413.60
416.00
418.40
420.80
423.20
425.60
428.00
430.40
432.80
435.20
437.60
440.00
442.40
444.80
447.20
452.00
454.40
456.80
459.20
461.60
464.00
466.40
468.80
471.20
473.60
476.00
478.40
480.80
483.20
485.60
488.00
490.40
492.40
492.80
495.20
497.60
500.00

5.23
5.23
5.24
5.25
5.26
5.26
5.27
5.28
5.29
5.29
5.30
5.31
5.32
5.32
5.33
5.34
5.35
5.35
5.36
5.37
5.38
5.38
5.39
5.40
5.40
5.41
5.42
5.42
5.43
5.44
5.44
5.45
5.46
5.47
5.47
5.48
5.49
5.49
5.50
5.51
5.51
5.52
5.52
5.53
5.54
5.54
5.55
5.56
5.56
5.57

** This table is valid, if the calculated flow VR of the respective water points is more than 0.5 l/s.

65

Table 5.3-1: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 11


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
3

-6

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m Viscosity: 1.004 x 10 m /s


V

20.0
mm

Dimension

0.01
l/s

0.60
l/min

0.02
l/s

1.20
l/min

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.16

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.10

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.31

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.03
l/s

1.80
l/min

0.04
l/s

2.40
l/min

0.05
l/s

3.00
l/min

0.74

0.25

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.24

0.15

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.06
l/s

3.60
l/min

1.01

0.34

0.10

0.04

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.15

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.50

0.17

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.19

0.12

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.29

0.18

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

1.31

0.44

0.14

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.34

0.21

0.13

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.07
l/s

4.20
l/min

0.08
l/s

4.80
l/min

1.65

0.55

0.17

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.39

0.24

0.15

0.10

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.09
l/s

5.40
l/min

2.03

0.68

0.21

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.44

0.28

0.17

0.11

0.07

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.10
l/s

6.00
l/min

2.43

0.81

0.25

0.09

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.49

0.31

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

3.35

1.12

0.34

0.12

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.58

0.37

0.22

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.12
l/s

7.20
l/min

0.16
l/s

9.60
l/min

5.54

1.84

0.56

0.20

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.78

0.49

0.30

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.18
l/s

10.8
l/min

6.82

2.27

0.69

0.24

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.87

0.55

0.33

0.22

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

8.22

2.73

0.83

0.29

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.20
l/s

12.0
l/min

0.30
l/s

18.0
l/min

0.40
l/s

24.0
l/min

0.50
l/s

30.0
l/min

0.60
l/s

36.0
l/min

0.70
l/s

42.0
l/min

0.80
l/s

48.0 l/
min

0.97

0.61

0.37

0.24

0.15

0.10

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

16.90

5.57

1.68

0.59

0.20

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.46

0.92

0.56

0.36

0.23

0.14

0.10

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.02

28.31

9.30

2.80

0.98

0.34

0.11

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

1.94

1.22

0.74

0.48

0.31

0.19

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.05

0.03

42.36

13.86

4.15

1.46

0.50

0.17

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

2.43

1.53

0.93

0.60

0.38

0.24

0.17

0.12

0.08

0.06

0.04

58.99

19.24

5.75

2.01

0.69

0.23

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

2.91

1.84

1.11

0.72

0.46

0.29

0.20

0.14

0.09

0.07

0.04

78.16

25.41

7.57

2.65

0.90

0.30

0.13

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

3.40

2.14

1.30

0.84

0.54

0.34

0.24

0.16

0.11

0.09

0.05

99.83

32.37

9.62

3.36

1.14

0.38

0.16

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.00

3.88

2.45

1.48

0.96

0.61

0.39

0.27

0.19

0.13

0.10

0.06

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

66

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v = flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-2: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 11


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
3
-6 2
Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m Viscosity: 1.004 x 10 m /s

Dimension

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

0.90
l/s

54.0
l/min

123.97

40.10

11.90

4.14

1.41

0.47

0.20

0.08

0.03

0.02

0.01

4.37

2.75

1.67

1.08

0.69

0.43

0.30

0.21

0.14

0.11

0.07

1.00
l/s

60.0
l/min

150.58

48.60

14.39

5.00

1.70

0.56

0.24

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

4.85

3.06

1.85

1.20

0.76

0.48

0.34

0.24

0.16

0.12

0.07

211.10

67.87

20.02

6.94

2.35

0.78

0.33

0.14

0.05

0.03

0.01

1.20
l/s

72.0
l/min

5.82

3.67

2.23

1.44

0.92

0.58

0.41

0.28

0.19

0.15

0.09

281.32

90.12

26.49

9.17

3.10

1.02

0.44

0.18

0.07

0.04

0.01

1.40
l/s

84.0
l/min

6.79

4.28

2.60

1.68

1.07

0.67

0.47

0.33

0.22

0.17

0.10

1.60
l/s

96.0 l/
min

361.15

115.34

33.81

11.67

3.94

1.30

0.55

0.23

0.09

0.05

0.01

7.76

4.90

2.97

1.92

1.22

0.77

0.54

0.38

0.25

0.20

0.12

450.55

143.49

41.95

14.45

4.87

1.60

0.68

0.29

0.11

0.06

0.02

1.80
l/s

108
l/min

2.00
l/s

120 l/
min

2.20
l/s

132
l/min

8.73

5.51

3.34

2.16

1.38

0.87

0.61

0.42

0.28

0.22

0.13

549.50

174.56

50.90

17.51

5.89

1.93

0.82

0.34

0.13

0.07

0.02

9.70

6.12

3.71

2.40

1.53

0.96

0.68

0.47

0.31

0.24

0.15

657.95

208.53

60.67

20.83

7.00

2.29

0.98

0.41

0.16

0.08

0.03

10.67

6.73

4.08

2.64

1.68

1.06

0.74

0.52

0.35

0.27

0.16

775.89

245.39

71.25

24.42

8.20

2.68

1.14

0.48

0.18

0.10

0.03

2.40
l/s

144
l/min

2.60
l/s

156
l/min

2.80
l/s

168
l/min

11.64

7.34

4.45

2.88

1.84

1.16

0.81

0.56

0.38

0.29

0.18

903.30

285.14

82.62

28.28

9.48

3.10

1.32

0.55

0.21

0.11

0.04

12.61

7.95

4.82

3.11

1.99

1.25

0.88

0.61

0.41

0.32

0.19

94.79

32.40

10.85

3.54

1.50

0.63

0.24

0.13

0.04

5.19

3.35

2.14

1.35

0.95

0.66

0.44

0.34

0.21

107.76

36.78

12.30

4.01

1.70

0.71

0.27

0.15

0.05
0.22

R
R

3.00
l/s

180
l/min

3.20
l/s

192
l/min

3.40
l/s

204
l/min

V
R
R
R

3.60
l/s

216
l/min

3.80
l/s

228
l/min

4.00
l/s

240
l/min

V
R
R
R

4.20
l/s

252
l/min

4.40
l/s

264
l/min

4.60
l/s

276 l/
min

V
R
R

1040.16 327.76
13.58

8.57

1186.48 373.24
14.55

9.18

1342.23 421.59
15.52

9.79

1507.41 472.79
16.50

10.40

1682.01 526.85
17.47

11.01

1866.03 583.75
18.44

11.63

2059.46 643.50
19.41

12.24

2262.30 706.09
20.38

12.85

2474.55 771.52
21.35

13.46

2696.19 839.79
22.32

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

14.07

5.56

3.59

2.29

1.45

1.01

0.71

0.47

0.37

121.52

41.42

13.84

4.51

1.91

0.80

0.30

0.17

0.05

5.94

3.83

2.45

1.54

1.08

0.75

0.50

0.39

0.24

136.07

46.33

15.46

5.03

2.13

0.89

0.34

0.18

0.06

6.31

4.07

2.60

1.64

1.15

0.80

0.53

0.41

0.25

151.41

51.49

17.16

5.58

2.36

0.99

0.37

0.20

0.06

6.68

4.31

2.75

1.73

1.22

0.85

0.57

0.44

0.27

167.53

56.91

18.95

6.16

2.60

1.09

0.41

0.22

0.07

7.05

4.55

2.91

1.83

1.28

0.89

0.60

0.46

0.28

184.44

62.58

20.82

6.76

2.86

1.19

0.45

0.25

0.08

7.42

4.79

3.06

1.93

1.35

0.94

0.63

0.49

0.30

202.12

68.51

22.77

7.39

3.12

1.30

0.49

0.27

0.08

7.79

5.03

3.21

2.02

1.42

0.99

0.66

0.51

0.31

220.59

74.70

24.81

8.04

3.40

1.41

0.54

0.29

0.09

8.16

5.27

3.37

2.12

1.49

1.03

0.69

0.54

0.33

239.84

81.14

26.92

8.72

3.68

1.53

0.58

0.32

0.10

8.53

5.51

3.52

2.22

1.55

1.08

0.72

0.56

0.34

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v = flow rate
(m/s)

67

Table 5.3-3: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 11


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension
R

4.80
l/s

288
l/min

5.00
l/s

300
l/min

5.20
l/s

312
l/min

5.40
l/s

324
l/min

5.60
l/s

336
l/min

5.80 l/s 348 l/min

V
R
R
R
V
R
V
R
V
R

6.00
l/s

360
l/min

6.20
l/s

372
l/min

6.40
l/s

384
l/min

6.60
l/s

396
l/min

6.80
l/s

408
l/min

7.00
l/s

420
l/min

7.50
l/s

450
l/min

8.00
l/s

480
l/min

9.00
l/s

540 l/min

10.0
l/s

600
l/min

12.0
l/s

720
l/min

14.0
l/s

840
l/min

16.0
l/s

960
l/min

18.0
l/s

1080 l/
min

V
R
R
R
V
R
R
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
R

20.0
25.0
mm
mm
2927.24 910.89
23.29

14.69

3167.68 984.83
24.26

15.30

25.23

15.91
16.52
17.13
17.75
18.36
18.97
19.58
20.19

1.62

1.13

0.75

0.59

0.36

4.28

1.78

0.68

0.37

0.11

9.27

5.99

3.82

2.41

1.69

1.18

0.79

0.61

0.37

101.99

33.76

10.91

4.60

1.91

0.72

0.39

0.12

6.23

3.98

2.51

1.76

1.22

0.82

0.63

0.39

109.44

36.20

11.69

4.93

2.05

0.78

0.42

0.13

9.65
10.02
10.39
10.76
11.13
11.50
11.87
12.24

5754.19 1777.62 502.75


32.99

20.80

12.61

6088.51 1879.84 531.29


33.96

21.42

12.98

6965.36 2147.74 606.00


36.39

22.95

13.91

7900.83 2433.28 685.53


38.81

24.48

14.84

99.47.63 3057.26 859.00


43.66

27.54

16.69

6.47

4.13

2.60

1.82

1.27

0.85

0.66

0.40

117.15

38.72

12.50

5.26

2.19

0.83

0.45

0.14

6.71

4.28

2.70

1.89

1.32

0.88

0.68

0.42

125.10

41.32

13.33

5.61

2.33

0.88

0.48

0.15

6.95

4.44

2.80

1.96

1.36

0.91

0.71

0.43

133.31

44.00

14.19

5.97

2.48

0.94

0.51

0.16

7.19

4.59

2.89

2.03

1.41

0.94

0.73

0.45

141.77

46.76

15.07

6.34

2.63

0.99

0.54

0.16

7.43

4.74

2.99

2.09

1.46

0.97

0.76

0.46

150.48

49.60

15.97

6.71

2.79

1.05

0.57

0.17

7.67

4.90

3.08

2.16

1.50

1.01

0.78

0.48

159.44

52.52

16.90

7.10

2.95

1.11

0.60

0.18

7.91

5.05

3.18

2.23

1.55

1.04

0.80

0.49

168.65

55.52

17.86

7.50

3.11

1.18

0.64

0.19

8.15

5.20

3.28

2.30

1.60

1.07

0.83

0.51

178.11

58.59

18.84

7.91

3.28

1.24

0.67

0.20

8.39

5.35

3.37

2.36

1.65

1.10

0.85

0.52

202.86

66.63

21.39

8.97

3.72

1.40

0.76

0.23
0.56

8.99

5.74

3.61

2.53

1.76

1.18

0.91

229.16

75.17

24.10

10.10

4.18

1.58

0.85

0.26

9.58

6.12

3.86

2.70

1.88

1.26

0.98

0.60

286.42

93.71

29.98

12.54

5.18

1.95

1.06

0.32

10.78

6.88

4.34

3.04

2.12

1.41

1.10

0.67

114.21

36.45

15.23

6.29

2.37

1.28

0.39

3751.74 1051.68 349.88


30.59

18.55

11.98

5352.08 1494.56 495.34


36.71

22.26

14.38

7234.15 2014.06 665.47


42.83

R
V
R
V

160.0
mm
0.10

2.31

5429.26 1678.23 474.98


32.02

125.0
mm
0.34

10.16

5113.71 1581.66 447.99


31.05

110.0
mm
0.63

3.67

4807.54 1487.91 421.76


30.08

90.0
mm
1.65

31.40

4510.76 1396.99 396.31


29.11

75.0
mm
3.98

5.75

4223.36 1308.90 371.63


28.14

63.0
mm
9.43

94.79

3945.36 1223.64 347.73


27.17

50.0
mm
29.12

8.90

3676.74 1141.21 324.60


26.20

40.0
mm
87.84

280.67

3417.51 1061.60 302.25

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

68

32.0
mm
259.86

7.65

4.82

3.38

2.35

1.57

1.22

0.74

161.05

51.20

21.34

8.79

3.30

1.78

0.54

9.18

5.78

4.05

2.82

1.89

1.46

0.89

215.64

68.33

28.40

11.67

4.37

2.36

0.71

16.77

10.71

6.75

4.73

3.29

2.20

1.71

1.04

2610.11 860.21

277.95

87.81

36.43

14.94

5.59

3.01

0.91

25.97
29.68

19.17

12.24

3282.66 1079.54 347.96


33.39

21.56

13.77

7.71

5.40

3.76

2.52

1.95

1.19

109.65

45.40

18.59

6.94

3.73

1.13

8.67

6.08

4.23

2.83

2.19

1.34

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v = flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-4: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 11


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension

20.0
mm

20.0
l/s

1200
l/min

22.0
l/s

1320
l/min

24.0
l/s

1440
l/min

R
R
V
R

26.0
l/s

1560
l/min

28.0
l/s

1680
l/min

30.0
l/s

1800
l/min

R
R
V
R

32.0
l/s

1920
l/min

34.0
l/s

2040
l/min

36.0
l/s

2160
l/min

R
R
V
R

38.0
l/s

2280
l/min

40.0
l/s

2400
l/min

42.0
l/s

2520
l/min

R
R
V
R

44.0
l/s

2640
l/min

46.0 l/s

2760
l/min

48.0
l/s

2880
l/min

R
R
V
R

50.0 l/s

3000
l/min

52.0
l/s

3120
l/min

54.0
l/s

3240
l/min

R
R
V
R

56.0
l/s

3360
l/min

58.0
l/s

3480
l/min

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

4031.69 1323.42 425.65


37.10

23.96

15.30

4857.17 1591.85 511.01

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

133.82

55.31

22.61

8.43

4.53

1.37

9.64

6.75

4.70

3.14

2.44

1.49

160.32

66.16

27.00

10.05

5.40

1.62

16.83

10.60

7.43

5.17

3.46

2.68

1.64

5759.09 1884.80 604.03

189.14

77.94

31.77

11.81

6.34

1.90

40.81
44.52

26.36

18.36

11.57

8.11

5.64

3.77

2.93

1.79

2202.27 704.71

28.75

220.29

90.66

36.90

13.70

7.35

2.21

19.89

12.53

8.78

6.11

4.09

3.17

1.93

2544.25 813.03

31.15

253.75

104.30

42.40

15.72

8.42

2.53

21.42

13.49

9.46

6.58

4.40

3.41

2.08

2910.74 928.99

289.53

118.87

48.27

17.87

9.57

2.87

33.55

14.46

10.13

7.05

4.72

3.66

2.23

3301.73 1052.60 327.62

35.94

134.36

54.50

20.16

10.79

3.23

15.42

10.81

7.52

5.03

3.90

2.38

3717.22 1183.84 368.01

38.34

22.95
24.48

150.78

61.10

22.58

12.08

3.61

16.39

11.48

7.99

5.34

4.14

2.53

4157.20 1322.72 410.72

168.12

68.06

25.12

13.43

4.01

40.73
43.13

26.01

17.35

12.16

8.46

5.66

4.39

2.68

1469.23 455.73

27.54

186.38

75.38

27.80

14.85

4.43

18.31

12.83

8.93

5.97

4.63

2.83

1623.37 503.04

29.07

205.56

83.07

30.61

16.35

4.87

19.28

13.51

9.40

6.29

4.88

2.98

1785.14 552.66

225.65

91.12

33.54

17.90

5.33

30.59

20.24

14.18

9.87

6.60

5.12

3.13

1954.54 604.58

32.12

246.67

99.52

36.61

19.53

5.81

21.20

14.86

10.34

6.92

5.36

3.27

2131.56 658.80

33.65

268.61

108.29

39.80

21.22

6.31

22.17

15.54

10.81

7.23

5.61

3.42

2316.21 715.32

291.46

117.42

43.12

22.99

6.83

35.18

23.13

16.21

11.28

7.55

5.85

3.57

2508.48 774.14

36.71

315.22

126.91

46.58

24.81

7.37

24.10

16.89

11.75

7.86

6.10

3.72

2708.38 835.27

339.91

136.76

50.15

26.71

7.92

17.56

12.22

8.17

6.34

3.87

365.51

146.97

53.86

28.67

8.50

38.24
39.77

25.06

2915.90 898.68
26.02

18.24

12.69

8.49

6.58

4.02

3131.04 964.40

41.30

392.02

157.54

57.70

30.70

9.09

18.91

13.16

8.80

6.83

4.17

3353.80 1032.42 419.45

168.47

61.66

32.80

9.71

13.63

9.12

7.07

4.32

42.83
44.36

26.99
27.95

19.59

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v = flow rate
(m/s)

69

Table 5.3-5: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 11


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V
60.0
l/s

Dimension
3600
l/min

62.0
l/s

3720
l/min

64.0
l/s

3840
l/min

66.0
l/s

3960
l/min

68.0
l/s

4080
l/min

70.0
l/s

4200
l/min

20.0
mm

R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R

72.0
l/s

4320
l/min

74.0
l/s

4440
l/min

76.0
l/s

4560
l/min

78.0
l/s

4680
l/min

80.0
l/s

4800
l/min

85.0
l/s

5100
l/min

90.0
l/s

5400
l/min

95.0
l/s

5700
l/min

100.0
l/s

6000
l/min

105.0
l/s

6300
l/min

V
R
V
R
V
R

R
V
R
V
R

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

1102.73 447.80
28.92

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

179.76

65.75

34.96

10.34

20.26

14.10

9.43

7.31

4.47

1175.34 477.06

191.40

69.97

37.19

10.99

20.94

14.57

9.75

7.56

4.61

1250.25 507.23

203.41

74.31

39.48

11.66

21.61

15.04

10.06

7.80

4.76

1327.46 538.32

215.77

78.78

41.84

12.35

22.29

15.51

10.37

8.05

4.91

1406.96 570.32

228.49

83.38

44.27

13.06

22.97

15.98

10.69

8.29

5.06

1488.75 603.24

241.56

88.11

46.77

13.79

29.88

30.84

31.81

32.77

23.64

16.45

11.00

8.53

5.21

1572.85 637.07

33.74

255.00

92.96

49.33

14.54

24.32

16.92

11.32

8.78

5.36

1659.23 671.81

268.79

97.94

51.95

15.30

24.99

17.39

11.63

9.02

5.51

1747.92 707.46

282.94

103.05

54.64

16.09

25.67

17.86

11.95

9.26

5.66

1838.90 744.03

297.45

108.28

57.40

16.89

26.34

18.33

12.26

9.51

5.80

1932.17 781.51

34.70

35.66

36.63

37.59

312.31

113.64

60.23

17.71

27.02

18.80

12.58

9.75

5.95

2175.40 879.21

351.04

127.59

67.58

19.85

28.71

19.98

13.36

10.36

6.83

2432.97 982.60

392.00

142.34

75.33

22.10

21.15

14.15

10.97

6.70

1091.70 435.18

157.87

83.50

24.47

38.55

40.96

43.37

30.40

32.08

22.33

14.93

11.58

7.07

1206.50

480.6

174.19

92.08

26.95

33.77

23.50

15.72

12.19

7.44

1327.00 528.24

191.30

101.07

29.55

16.50

12.80

7.81

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

70

25.0
mm

35.46

24.68

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v = flow rate
(m/s)

Table 5.3-6: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension

16.0
mm

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

0.01
l/s

0.60
l/min

0.36

0.13

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.02
l/s

1.20
l/min

1.14

0.41

0.14

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.23

0.15

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

2.28

0.81

0.28

0.09

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.03
l/s

1.80
l/min

0.04
l/s

2.40
l/min

0.05
l/s

3.00
l/min

0.34

0.22

0.14

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

3.73

1.32

0.45

0.14

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

5.49

1.94

0.66

0.21

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.57

0.37

0.23

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

7.54

2.66

0.90

0.28

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.06
l/s

3.60
l/min

0.07
l/s

4.20
l/min

0.08
l/s

4.80
l/min

0.68

0.44

0.28

0.17

0.11

0.07

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

9.87

3.47

1.17

0.37

0.13

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.79

0.51

0.32

0.20

0.13

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.02

0.02

12.47

4.38

1.47

0.46

0.16

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.91

0.58

0.37

0.23

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

15.34

5.37

1.81

0.57

0.19

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.09
l/s

5.40
l/min

0.10
l/s

6.00
l/min

0.12
l/s

7.20
l/min

1.02

0.66

0.42

0.25

0.16

0.10

0.06

0.05

0.03

0.02

18.47

6.46

2.17

0.68

0.23

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

1.13

0.73

0.46

0.28

0.18

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.02

25.51

8.90

2.98

0.93

0.32

0.11

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

1.36

0.88

0.55

0.34

0.22

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

42.60

14.79

4.93

1.54

0.52

0.18

0.06

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.16
l/s

9.60
l/min

0.18
l/s

10.8
l/min

0.20
l/s

12.0
l/min

1.81

1.17

0.74

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.12

0.08

0.06

0.04

52.61

18.24

6.07

1.89

0.64

0.22

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.01

2.04

1.32

0.83

0.51

0.32

0.21

0.13

0.09

0.06

0.04

63.59

22.00

7.31

2.27

0.77

0.26

0.09

0.04

0.02

0.01

2.27

1.46

0.92

0.57

0.36

0.23

0.14

0.10

0.07

0.05

132.57

45.52

15.02

4.63

1.57

0.53

0.18

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.30
l/s

18.0
l/min

0.40
l/s

24.0
l/min

0.50
l/s

30.0
l/min

0.60
l/s

36.0
l/min

0.70
l/s

42.0
l/min

0.80
l/s

48.0
l/min

3.40

2.19

1.39

0.85

0.54

0.34

0.22

0.15

0.11

0.07

224.51

76.63

25.16

7.73

2.60

0.88

0.29

0.13

0.05

0.02

4.53

2.92

1.85

1.13

0.72

0.46

0.29

0.20

0.14

0.09

338.95

115.12

37.63

11.51

3.86

1.30

0.43

0.19

0.08

0.03

5.67

3.65

2.31

1.42

0.90

0.57

0.36

0.25

0.18

0.12

475.62

160.87

52.38

15.97

5.34

1.79

0.60

0.26

0.11

0.04

6.80

4.38

2.77

1.70

1.08

0.60

0.43

0.31

0.21

0.14

634.34

213.78

69.37

21.09

7.04

2.35

0.79

0.34

0.14

0.05

7.93

5.12

3.23

1.98

1.26

0.80

0.51

0.36

0.25

0.17

814.99

273.78

88.57

26.85

8.94

2.99

1.00

0.43

0.18

0.07

9.07

5.85

3.70

2.27

1.44

0.91

0.58

0.41

0.28

0.19

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

71

Table 5.3-7: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension 16.0 mm 20.0 mm 25.0 mm 32.0 mm 40.0 mm 50.0 mm 63.0 mm 75.0 mm 90.0 mm 110.0 mm
R

0.90
l/s

54.0
l/min

1.00
l/s

60.0
l/min

1.20
l/s

72.0
l/min

1.40
l/s

84.0
l/min

1.60
l/s

96.0
l/min

1.80
l/s

108
l/min

2.00
l/s

120
l/min

2.20
l/s

132
l/min

2.40
l/s

144
l/min

2.60
l/s

156
l/min

2.80
l/s

168
l/min

3.00
l/s

180
l/min

3.20
l/s

192
l/min

3.40
l/s

204
l/min

3.60
l/s

216
l/min

3.80
l/s

228
l/min

4.00
l/s

240
l/min

4.20
l/s

252
l/min

4.40
l/s

264
l/min

4.60
l/s

276
l/min

1017.48

109.97

33.25

11.05

3.69

1.23

0.53

0.22

0.09

10.20

6.58

4.16

2.55

1.62

1.03

0.65

0.46

0.32

0.21

1241.75

414.91

133.53

40.28

13.37

4.45

1.48

0.64

0.27

0.10

11.33

7.31

4.62

2.83

1.80

1.14

0.72

0.51

0.35

0.24

1755.44

584.00

187.12

56.21

18.60

6.17

2.05

0.89

0.37

0.14

13.60

8.77

5.54

3.40

2.16

1.37

0.87

0.61

0.42

0.28

2355.79

780.86

249.26

74.61

24.61

8.15

2.70

1.17

0.49

0.19

15.86

10.23

V
R
R
R

3042.63 1005.40
18.13
20.40

R
R

22.66

R
R

24.93
27.20
29.46
31.73
34.00

3.97

2.52

1.60

1.01

0.71

0.50

0.33

95.44

31.40

10.38

3.43

1.48

0.62

0.24

7.39

4.53

2.88

1.83

1.15

0.81

0.57

0.38

398.96

118.68

38.95

12.85

4.24

1.83

0.76

0.29

8.32

5.10

3.24

2.05

1.30

0.92

0.64

0.43

486.44

144.32

47.26

15.56

5.12

2.21

0.92

0.35

9.24

5.67

3.60

2.28

1.44

1.02

0.71

0.47

582.30

172.34

56.32

18.51

6.09

2.62

1.09

0.41

10.17

6.23

3.96

2.51

1.59

1.12

0.78

0.52

686.53

202.74

66.13

21.70

7.12

3.07

1.27

0.48

11.09

6.80

4.32

2.74

1.73

1.22

0.85

0.57

799.10

235.50

76.68

25.12

8.24

3.54

1.47

0.56

12.01

7.37

4.68

2.97

1.88

1.32

0.92

0.61

920.01

270.62

87.97

28.78

9.42

4.05

1.68

0.64

12.94

7.93

5.04

3.20

2.02

1.43

0.99

0.66

21.92

308.09

100.00

32.66

10.68

4.59

1.90

0.72

8.50

5.40

3.42

2.17

1.53

1.06

0.71

347.91

112.75

36.78

12.02

5.15

2.13

0.81

13.86

11641.93 3791.84 1186.78


36.26

23.38

14.79

13104.41 4263.53 1332.63


38.53

24.85

15.71

14652.97 4762.59 1486.78


40.79

26.31

16.63

16287.59 5289.02 1649.23


43.06

27.77

17.56

18008.27 5842.81 1819.97


45.33

29.23

18.48

19814.99 6423.96 1998.99


47.59

30.69

19.41

21707.77 7032.46 2186.30

V
R

20.46

6.47
319.89

10265.53 3347.53 1049.24

19.00

8975.22 2930.62

17.54

7771.02 2541.12

16.08

6652.96 2179.03

V
R

14.61

5621.05 1844.39

V
R

13.15

4675.33 1537.22

V
R

11.69

3815.83 1257.54

49.86

32.15

20.33

23686.58 7668.31 2381.89

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

72

380.84

52.13

33.61

21.25

9.07

5.76

3.65

2.31

1.63

1.13

0.76

390.07

126.24

41.13

13.42

5.75

2.38

0.90

9.63

6.12

3.88

2.45

1.73

1.20

0.80

434.56

140.46

45.71

14.90

6.38

2.64

1.00

10.20

6.48

4.11

2.60

1.83

1.27

0.85

481.40

155.40

50.51

16.45

7.04

2.91

1.10

10.77

6.84

4.34

2.74

1.94

1.34

0.90

530.56

171.07

55.54

18.07

7.73

3.19

1.21

11.33

7.20

4.57

2.89

2.04

1.41

0.95

582.05

187.46

60.80

19.77

8.45

3.49

1.32

11.90

7.56

4.79

3.03

2.14

1.49

0.99

635.88

204.57

66.28

21.53

9.20

3.80

1.43

12.46

7.92

5.02

3.18

2.24

1.56

1.04

692.02

222.41

71.99

23.36

9.98

4.12

1.55

13.03

8.28

5.25

3.32

2.34

1.63

1.09

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-8: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

16.0
mm

Dimension

4.80

288

l/s
5.00

l/min
300

l/s
5.20

l/min
312

l/s
5.40

l/min
324

l/s
5.60

l/min
336

l/s
5.80

l/min
348

l/s
6.00

l/min
360

l/s
6.20

l/min
372

l/s
6.40

l/min
384

l/s
6.60

l/min
396

l/s
6.80

l/min
408

l/s
7.00

l/min
420

l/s
7.50

l/min
450

l/s
8.00

l/min
480

l/s
9.00

l/min
540

l/s
10.0

l/min
600

l/s
12.0

l/min
720

l/s
14.0

l/min
840

l/s
16.0

l/min
960

l/s
18.0

l/min
1080

l/s

l/min

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

25751.44 8331.50 2585.76

R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

54.39

35.08

22.18

9022.03 2797.90
36.54

23.10

9739.91 3018.31
38.00

24.03

10485.12 3247.00
39.46

24.95

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

750.49

240.96

77.92

25.27

10.78

4.45

1.68

13.60

8.64

5.48

3.46

2.44

1.70

1.13

811.28

260.24

84.08

27.24

11.62

4.79

1.81

14.16

9.00

5.71

3.61

2.55

1.77

1.18

874.39

280.23

90.46

29.28

12.49

5.14

1.94

25.88

14.73

9.36

5.94

3.75

2.65

1.84

1.23

300.94

97.06

31.40

13.38

5.51

2.07

15.30

9.72

6.16

3.90

2.75

1.91

1.28

322.36

103.89

33.58

14.30

5.89

2.22

10.08

6.39

4.04

2.85

1.98

1.32

344.50

110.94

35.83

15.25

6.28

2.36

15.86

12057.54 3729.18 1077.64


42.38

26.80

16.43

12884.75 3982.67 1150.02


43.84

27.72

17.00

13739.29 4244.43 1224.72


45.31

28.65

17.56

14621.17 4514.45 1301.73


46.77

29.57

18.13

15530.37 4792.74 1381.05


48.23

30.50

18.70

16466.89 5079.29 1462.69


49.69

31.42

19.26

17430.75 5374.10 1546.64


51.15

32.34

19.83

19959.93 6147.28 1766.63


54.81

34.65

21.25

22659.89 6972.08 2001.06


58.46

36.96

22.66

28572.11 8776.52 2513.23


65.77

41.59

25.50

10787.40 3083.09
46.21

28.33

10.44

6.62

4.19

2.95

2.05

1.37

367.36

118.21

38.15

16.23

6.68

2.51

10.80

6.85

4.33

3.06

2.12

1.42

390.93

125.70

40.54

17.24

7.09

2.66

11.16

7.08

4.48

3.16

2.19

1.47

415.22

133.41

43.00

18.28

7.51

2.82

11.52

7.30

4.62

3.26

2.26

1.51

440.22

141.35

45.53

19.35

7.95

2.99

11.88

7.53

4.76

3.36

2.33

1.56

465.93

149.50

48.12

20.44

8.39

3.15

12.24

7.76

4.91

3.46

2.41

1.61

492.36

157.88

50.79

21.56

8.85

3.32

12.60

7.99

5.05

3.57

2.48

1.65

561.54

179.78

57.75

24.49

10.04

3.77

13.50

8.56

5.41

3.82

2.65

1.77

635.17

203.05

65.13

27.60

11.31

4.24

14.40

9.13

5.77

4.07

2.83

1.89

795.77

253.72

81.18

34.33

14.04

5.25
2.13

16.20

10.27

6.50

4.58

3.18

974.11

309.86

98.90

41.76

17.05

6.37

17.99

11.41

7.22

5.09

3.54

2.36

438.49

139.40

58.69

23.89

8.90

15428.32 4395.84 1383.98


55.45

34.00

21.59

20894.66 5939.17 1864.66


64.69

110.0
mm

939.82

11257.66 3483.96 1007.57


40.92

90.0
mm

39.66

6.11

4.24

2.84

78.35

31.82

11.83

15.98

10.11

7.13

4.95

3.31

760.99

240.38

100.73

40.82

15.14

18.26

11.55

8.15

5.66

3.78

954.77

300.83

125.81

50.88

18.84

20.54

12.99

9.17

6.37

4.25

28.79

9717.25 3038.24
50.99

8.66
186.56

25.19

7712.99 2416.10
45.33

13.70
588.89

32.39

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

73

Table 5.3-9: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V
20.0
l/s

Dimension 16.0 mm 20.0 mm 25.0 mm 32.0 mm 40.0 mm 50.0 mm 63.0 mm 75.0 mm 90.0 mm
1200
l/min

R
V
R

22.0
l/s

1320
l/min

24.0
l/s

1440
l/min

26.0
l/s

1560
l/min

V
R
R
R

28.0
l/s

1680
l/min

30.0
l/s

1800
l/min

32.0
l/s

1920
l/min

V
R
R
R

34.0
l/s

2040
l/min

36.0
l/s

2160
l/min

38.0
l/s

2280
l/min

R
R
R

2400
l/min

42.0
l/s

2520
l/min

2640
l/min

R
R
R

2760
l/min

48.0
l/s

2880
l/min

3000
l/min

R
R
R

3120
l/min

54.0
l/s

3240
l/min

3360
l/min

58.0
l/s

3480
l/min

R
R

14416.97 4494.54 1407.28


62.32

39.59

25.11

17112.39 5328.65 1665.98


67.99

43.19

27.39

6233.40 1946.30
46.79

29.68

7208.77 2248.23
50.39

31.96

8254.76 2571.76
53.98

34.24

9371.36 2916.89
57.58

36.52

367.89

153.59

14.44

10.19

7.07

4.73

441.56

184.05

74.19

27.37

61.18

38.81

15.88

11.20

7.78

5.20

217.19

87.41

32.19

17.32

12.22

8.49

5.67

608.66

253.01

101.69

37.40

18.77

13.24

9.20

6.14

702.08

291.50

117.01

42.97

20.21

14.26

9.90

6.62

802.08

332.65

133.38

48.92

21.65

15.28

10.61

7.09

908.66

376.48

150.78

55.24

23.10

16.30

11.32

7.56

422.96

169.23

61.93

17.32

12.03

8.04

472.11

188.71

68.99

18.33

12.73

8.51

523.92

209.23

76.41

24.54

11816.37 3671.94 1141.52


64.78

41.09

25.98

4081.85 1267.80
43.37

27.43

4513.35 1400.65
45.65

28.87

4966.44 1540.06
47.94

30.32

5441.11 1686.03
50.22

31.76

5937.36 1838.56
52.50

33.20

6455.20 1997.65
54.78

34.65

6994.62 2163.29
57.07

36.09

7555.63 2335.50
59.35

37.53

19.35

13.44

8.98

578.39

230.79

84.20

20.37

14.15

9.45

635.51

253.38

92.36

21.39

14.85

9.93

695.29

277.00

100.89

22.41

15.56

10.40

757.73

301.66

109.78

23.43

16.27

10.87

822.82

327.35

119.03

24.45

16.98

11.34

890.56

354.08

128.65

25.46

17.68

11.82

960.96

381.84

138.64

26.48

18.39

12.29

410.63

148.99

8138.21 2514.27 1034.01


61.63

38.98

27.50

8742.37 2699.59 1109.71


63.92

40.42

28.52

9368.11 2891.46 1188.06

66.20
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

62.01

521.81

10558.56 3283.62 1021.81

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

74

22.83

52.0
l/s

56.0
l/s

35.99

46.0
l/s

50.0
l/s

56.66

40.0
l/s

44.0
l/s

11951.91 3731.06 1170.21

110.0
mm
22.91

41.86

29.54

19.10

12.76

440.45

159.71

19.81

13.23

471.30

170.79

20.51

13.71

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-10: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Standard Solid Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension

60.0
l/s

3600
l/min

62.0
l/s

3720
l/min

64.0
l/s

3840
l/min

66.0
l/s

3960
l/min

68.0
l/s

4080
l/min

70.0
l/s

4200
l/min

72.0
l/s

4320
l/min

74.0
l/s

4440
l/min

76.0
l/s

4560
l/min

78.0
l/s

4680
l/min

16.0
mm

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

3089.90 1269.07

43.31

30.56

3294.89 1352.72

44.75

31.58

3506.43 1439.03

46.19

32.59

3724.53 1527.99

47.64

33.61

3949.18 1619.59

49.08

34.63

4180.39 1713.85

50.53.

35.65

4418.16 1810.76

51.97

36.67

4662.47 1910.31

53.41

37.69

4913.34 2012.52

54.86

38.71

5170.76 2117.38

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

50.0
mm

56.30
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

39.73

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

503.18

182.23

21.22

14.18

536.09

194.04

21.93

14.65

570.04

206.21

22.64

15.13

605.01

218.74

23.34

15.60

641.01

231.64

24.05

16.07

678.05

244.89

24.76

16.54

716.11

258.52

25.46

17.02

755.20

272.50

26.17

17.49

795.32

286.85

26.88

17.96

836.47

301.56

27.59

18.43

v=flow rate (m/s)

75

Table 5.3-11: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V
0.01
l/s
0.02
l/s
0.03
l/s
0.04
l/s
0.05
l/s
0.06
l/s

16.0
mm
0.24

20.0
mm
0.09

25.0
mm
0.03

32.0
mm
0.01

40.0
mm
0.00

50.0
mm
0.00

63.0
mm
0.00

75.0
mm
0.00

90.0
mm
0.00

110.0
mm
0.00

125.0
mm
0.00

160.0
mm
0.00

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.75

0.27

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.49

0.54

0.19

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.28

0.18

0.12

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

2.43

0.88

0.31

0.09

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.38

0.25

0.16

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

3.58

1.28

0.45

0.14

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.47

0.31

0.20

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

4.91

1.76

0.61

0.18

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.57

0.37

0.24

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

6.42

2.29

0.80

0.24

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Dimension
0.60
l/min
1.20
l/min
1.80
l/min
2.40
l/min
3.00
l/min
3.60
l/min

0.07
l/s

4.20
l/min

0.66

0.43

0.28

0.17

0.11

0.07

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.08
l/s

4.80
l/min

8.10

2.89

1.00

0.30

0.11

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.76

0.49

0.31

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.09
l/s

5.40
l/min

9.96

3.55

1.23

0.37

0.13

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.85

0.55

0.35

0.21

0.14

0.09

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.10
l/s

6.00
l/min

11.99

4.27

1.48

0.44

0.15

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.95

0.61

0.39

0.24

0.15

0.10

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.12
l/s

7.20
l/min

16.54

5.87

2.03

0.61

0.21

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.14

0.74

0.47

0.28

0.18

0.12

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.16
l/s

9.60
l/min

27.56

9.74

3.35

1.00

0.35

0.12

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.51

0.98

0.63

0.38

0.24

0.16

0.10

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.18
l/s

10.8
l/min

34.01

12.00

4.12

1.23

0.43

0.15

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.20
l/s
0.30
l/s
0.40
l/s
0.50
l/s

12.0
l/min
18.0
l/min
24.0
l/min
30.0
l/min

1.70

1.11

0.71

0.43

0.27

0.17

0.11

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

41.07

14.47

4.96

1.48

0.51

0.18

0.06

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.89

1.23

0.79

0.47

0.30

0.19

0.12

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

85.35

29.85

10.17

3.01

1.04

0.36

0.12

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

2.84

1.84

1.18

0.71

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.13

0.09

0.06

0.05

0.03

144.17

50.15

17.00

5.01

1.72

0.60

0.19

0.09

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

3.78

2.46

1.57

0.95

0.61

0.39

0.24

0.17

0.12

0.08

0.06

0.04

217.21

75.21

25.40

7.45

2.55

0.88

0.29

0.13

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

4.73

3.07

V
R

0.60
l/s

36.0
l/min

0.70
l/s

42.0
l/min

304.25 104.94
5.68

405.16 139.27
6.62

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

76

3.68
4.30

1.96

1.18

0.76

0.49

0.30

0.22

0.15

0.10

0.08

0.05

35.31

10.33

3.53

1.22

0.40

0.17

0.07

0.03

0.02

0.00

2.36

1.42

0.91

0.58

0.36

0.26

0.18

0.12

0.09

0.06

46.72

13.62

4.64

1.60

0.52

0.23

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

2.75

1.66

1.06

0.68

0.42

0.30

0.21

0.14

0.11

0.07

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-12: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V
0.80
l/s
0.90
l/s
1.00
l/s
1.20
l/s

48.0
l/min
54.0
l/min
60.0
l/min
72.0
l/min

Dimension

16.0
mm

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

519.85

178.15

59.60

17.33

5.90

2.03

0.66

0.29

0.12

0.05

0.03

0.01

7.57

4.91

3.14

1.89

1.21

0.78

0.49

0.34

0.24

0.16

0.12

0.08

648.25

221.55

73.92

21.45

7.28

2.50

0.81

0.36

0.15

0.06

0.03

0.01

8.52

5.53

3.54

2.13

1.36

0.87

0.55

0.39

0.27

0.18

0.14

0.08

790.30

269.43

89.69

25.97

8.80

3.02

0.98

0.43

0.18

0.07

0.04

0.01

9.46

6.14

3.93

V
R
V
R

1.40
l/s

84.0
l/min

1.60
l/s

96.0
l/min

1.80
l/s

108
l/min

2.00
l/s

120
l/min

2.20
l/s

132
l/min

2.40
l/s

144
l/min

2.60
l/s

156
l/min

2.80
l/s
3.00
l/s
3.20
l/s
3.40
l/s
3.60
l/s

168
l/min
180
l/min
192
l/min
204
l/min
216
l/min

R
R
R
R
R
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R

3.80
l/s

228
l/min

4.00
l/s

240
l/min

4.20
l/s

252
l/min

R
R

1115.23 378.58 125.51


11.35

7.37

4.72

1494.40 505.47 166.98


13.25

8.60

5.50

1927.68 650.00 214.05


15.14

9.82

6.29

2414.97 812.11 266.69


17.03

11.05

7.07

2956.18 991.77 324.88


18.92

12.28

7.86

2.37

1.51

0.97

0.61

0.43

0.30

0.20

0.15

0.09

36.19

12.23

4.19

1.35

0.59

0.25

0.09

0.05

0.02

2.84

1.82

1.17

0.73

0.52

0.36

0.24

0.19

0.11

47.97

16.17

5.52

1.78

0.78

0.32

0.12

0.07

0.02

3.31

2.12

1.36

0.85

0.60

0.42

0.28

0.22

0.13

61.29

20.61

7.03

2.26

0.99

0.41

0.16

0.09

0.03

3.78

2.42

1.55

0.97

0.69

0.48

0.32

0.25

0.15

76.14

25.55

8.69

2.79

1.22

0.50

0.19

0.10

0.03

4.26

2.73

1.75

1.09

0.77

0.54

0.36

0.28

0.17

92.51

30.97

10.52

3.37

1.47

0.61

0.23

0.13

0.04

4.73

3.03

1.94

1.21

0.86

0.60

0.40

0.31

0.19

36.89

12.51

4.00

1.75

0.72

0.28

0.15

0.05

3.33

2.14

1.34

0.95

0.65

0.44

0.34

0.21

43.28

14.66

4.68

2.04

0.84

0.32

0.17

0.05

3.63

2.33

1.46

1.03

0.71

0.48

0.37

0.23

50.15

16.96

5.41

2.36

0.97

0.37

0.20

0.06

3551.28 1188.92 388.58 110.38


20.82

13.51

8.65

5.20

4200.22 1403.55 457.79 129.75


22.71

14.74

9.43

5.68

4902.97 1635.62 532.49 150.61


24.60

15.96

10.22

6.15

5659.51 1885.14 612.68 172.95


26.49

17.19

11.00

6.62

6469.83 2152.07 698.33 196.77


28.39

.18.42

11.79

7.10

7333.90 2436.42 789.45 222.07


30.28

19.65

12.58

7.57

8251.71 2738.16 886.03 248.84


32.17

20.88

13.36

8.04

9223.26 3057.30 988.06 277.08


34.06

22.10

14.15

8.52

3.94

2.53

1.58

1.12

0.77

0.52

0.40

0.25

57.51

19.42

6.19

2.69

1.11

0.43

0.23

0.07

4.24

2.72

1.70

1.20

0.83

0.56

0.43

0.26

65.33

22.04

7.02

3.05

1.25

0.48

0.26

0.08

4.54

2.91

1.82

1.29

0.89

0.60

0.46

0.28

73.63

24.81

7.89

3.43

1.41

0.54

0.29

0.09

4.84

3.11

1.94

1.38

0.95

0.64

0.49

0.30

82.39

27.73

8.81

3.82

1.57

0.6

0.32

0.1

5.15

3.30

2.06

1.46

1.01

0.68

0.53

0.32

91.63

30.80

9.78

4.24

1.74

0.67

0.36

0.11

5.45

10248.54 3393.82 1095.53 306.79 101.33


35.96

23.33

14.93

8.99

5.75

11327.55 3747.73 1208.45 337.96 111.50


37.85

24.56

15.72

9.46

6.06

12460.26 4119.01 1326.81 370.59 122.13


39.74

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

25.79

16.50

9.94

6.36

3.50

2.19

1.55

1.07

0.72

0.56

0.34

34.02

10.79

4.68

1.92

0.74

0.40

0.12

3.69

2.31

1.63

1.13

0.76

0.59

0.36

37.40

11.85

5.13

2.11

0.81

0.43

0.13

3.89

2.43

1.72

1.19

0.80

0.62

0.38

40.93

12.95

5.61

2.30

0.88

0.47

0.14

4.08

2.55

1.81

1.25

0.84

0.65

0.40

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

77

Table 5.3-13: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4

Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s


V

Dimension
R

4.40
l/s

264
l/min

4.60
l/s

276
l/min

4.80
l/s

288
l/min

5.00
l/s

300
l/min

5.20
l/s

312
l/min

V
R
R

5.80
l/s

348
l/min

6.00
l/s

360
l/min

7.00
l/s

420
l/min

7.50
l/s

450
l/min

1.98

1.37

0.92

0.71

0.43

16180.66 5337.07 1714.51 477.24 156.81 52.40


45.42

R
R
V
R

540
l/min

10.00
l/s

600
l/min

12.00
l/s

720
l/min

14.00
l/s

840
l/min

V
R
R
R

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

78

0.16

2.79

9.00
l/s

0.51

4.47

480
l/min

0.96

0.41

8.00
l/s

2.50

0.17

408
l/min

6.11

0.68

6.80
l/s

14.10

0.56

160.0
mm

0.88

396
l/min

125.0
mm

1.04

10.88

6.66

110.0
mm

1.31

18.08

10.41

90.0
mm

2.71

28.25

17.29

75.0
mm
1.89

43.53

27.02

63.0
mm

6.62

6.60
l/s

50.0
mm

2.67

384
l/min

40.0
mm

15.30

6.40
l/s

32.0
mm

4.28

336
l/min

372
l/min

41.63

5.60
l/s

25.0
mm

14886.82 4913.68 1579.84 440.23 144.79 48.43

324
l/min

20.0
mm

13646.69 4507.66 1450.61 404.68 133.23 44.60

5.40
l/s

6.20
l/s

16.0
mm

6.96

16.54

7.15

2.93

1.12

0.60

0.18

4.66

2.91

2.07

1.43

0.96

0.74

0.45

5777.81 1854.60 515.71 169.29 56.53

0.20

29.47

18.86

11.35

7.27

17.83

7.71

3.15

1.21

0.65

4.86

3.03

2.15

1.49

1.00

0.77

0.47

6235.92 2000.12 555.63 182.23 60.80

19.16

8.28

3.39

1.29

0.69

0.21

30.70
31.93

19.65

5.05

3.16

2.24

1.55

1.04

0.80

0.49

20.54

8.87

3.63

1.39

0.74

0.23

5.25

3.28

2.32

1.61

1.08

0.83

0.51

21.96

9.48

3.87

1.48

0.79

0.24

5.44

3.40

2.41

1.67

1.12

0.86

0.53

7714.39 2469.24 684.11 223.82 74.50

22.01

12.77

7.87

7204.21 2307.44 639.83 209.50 69.78


34.39

21.22

12.30

7.57

6711.39 2151.07 597.00 195.64 65.22


33.16

20.43

11.83

13.25

8.18
8.48

23.43

10.11

4.13

1.58

0.85

0.26

5.64

3.52

2.50

1.73

1.16

0.90

0.55

8241.92 2636.46 729.84 238.60 79.36

0.27

35.61

22.79

13.72

8.78

24.94

10.76

4.39

1.68

0.90

5.83

3.64

2.58

1.79

1.20

0.93

0.57

8760.08 2809.10 777.02 253.84 84.37

26.50

11.42

4.66

1.78

0.95

0.29

36.84
38.07

23.58

6.02

3.76

2.67

1.85

1.24

0.96

0.58

28.10

12.11

4.94

1.88

1.01

0.31

6.22

3.88

2.75

1.91

1.28

0.99

0.60

29.74

12.81

5.23

1.99

1.07

0.33

4.01

2.84

1.96

1.32

1.02

0.62

10525.55 3359.54 927.25 302.29 100.27 31.43

25.94

15.14

9.39

9928.62 3170.64 875.73 285.68 94.82


40.53

25.15

14.67

9.08

9349.04 2987.16 825.65 269.53 89.52


39.30

24.36

14.19

15.61

9.69
9.99

6.41

13.53

5.52

2.10

1.13

0.34

4.13

2.93

2.02

1.36

1.05

0.64

11139.83 3553.86 980.23 319.36 105.86 33.16

0.36

41.75

2672.72 16.09

10.29

6.61

14.27

5.82

2.22

1.19

4.25

3.01

2.08

1.40

1.08

0.66

12751.43 4063.35 1119.00 364.01 120.49 37.69

16.21

6.60

2.51

1.34

0.41

42.98
46.05

27.51

3.23

2.23

1.50

1.16

0.71

18.25

7.43

2.82

1.51

0.46

4.86

3.44

2.38

1.60

1.24

0.75

22.69

9.22

3.50

1.87

0.57

5.46

3.87

2.68

1.80

1.39

0.85

7118.43 1948.35 629.93 207.19 64.40

35.37

21.29

12.11

7.29

18236.63 5794.90 1589.53 515.05 169.80 52.90


55.26

18.92

11.35

6.80

4.55

31.44

17.74

10.60

14471.43 4606.69 1266.81 411.52 136.02 42.49


49.12

29.47

16.56

13.63

7.77
8.74

27.58

11.19

4.24

2.27

0.69

6.07

4.30

2.98

2.00

1.54

0.94

10171.36 2774.23 893.66 292.78 90.64

38.70

15.66

5.92

3.16

0.96

5.16

3.57

2.40

1.85

1.13

13765.32 3744.31 1202.62 392.73 121.15 51.60

20.83

7.86

4.19

1.27

4.17

2.80

2.16

1.32

39.30
47.16
55.02

23.66
28.39
33.12

15.14
18.17
21.20

9.72
11.66
13.60

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

7.28
8.50

6.02

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-14: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s
V
16.0
l/s

Dimension
960
l/min

R
V
R

18.0
l/s

1080
l/min

20.0
l/s

1200
l/min

22.0
l/s

1320
l/min

24.0
l/s
26.0
l/s

1440
l/min
1560
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

28.0
l/s

1680
l/min

30.0
l/s

1800
l/min

32.0
l/s

1920
l/min

34.0
l/s
36.0
l/s

2040
l/min
2160
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

38.0
l/s

2280
l/min

40.0
l/s

2400
l/min

42.0
l/s

2520
l/min

44.0
l/s

2640
l/min

46.0
l/s

2760
l/min

16.0
mm

R
R
R
R
V
R

48.0
l/s

2880
l/min

50.0
l/s

3000
l/min

52.0
l/s

3120
l/min

54.0
l/s

3240
l/min

V
R
R

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

4858.51 1556.75 506.99 155.92


37.85

24.22

15.55

9.71

6116.78 1956.00 635.54 194.94


42.58

27.25

17.49

10.93

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

66.27

26.69

10.05

5.35

1.61

6.88

4.76

3.20

2.37

1.51

82.70

33.24

12.50

6.65

2.00

7.74

5.36

3.60

2.78

1.70

40.48

15.19

8.07

2.43

5.95

4.00

3.09

1.89

48.39

18.13

9.62

2.89

6.55

4.40

3.40

2.07

56.98

21.32

11.31

3.39

7519.10 2400.35 778.35 238.19 100.87


47.31

30.28

19.43

12.14

8.60

9065.44 2889.78 935.41 285.66 120.79


52.04

33.31

21.38

13.35

9.47

10755.78 3424.28 1106.72 337.35 142.44


56.77

10.33

7.14

4.80

3.71

2.26

4003.83 1292.25 393.24 165.83

36.34

66.25

24.75

13.11

3.92

39.36

23.32

11.19

7.74

5.20

4.02

2.45

4628.43 1492.01 453.33 190.94

76.18

28.43

15.05

4.50

12.05

8.34

5.60

4.32

2.64

5298.07 1705.99 517.63 217.78

42.39

25.26

14.57

27.21

15.78
17.00

86.79

32.35

17.11

5.11

12.91

8.93

6.00

4.63

2.83

6012.75 1934.18 586.12 246.35

98.06

36.51

19.30

5.75

9.53

6.40

4.94

3.02

40.91

21.61

6.44

45.42
48.45

29.15
31.09

18.21
19.42

13.77

6772.46 2176.59 658.81 276.64 110.00


10.12

6.80

5.25

3.21

7577.20 2433.21 735.69 308.65 122.61

51.47

45.55

24.05

7.15

54.50

33.03
34.98

20.64

10.72

7.20

5.56

3.39

2704.03 816.76 342.38 135.89

50.43

26.61

7.91

11.31

7.60

5.87

3.58

2989.06 902.01 377.83 149.83

36.92

21.85

14.63

23.07

15.49
16.35

55.55

29.30

8.70

11.91

8.00

6.18

3.77

3288.29 991.46 414.99 164.43

38.86

24.28

17.21

60.91

32.11

9.52

12.50

8.40

6.49

3.96

3601.72 1085.09 453.87 179.69

10.38

40.81

25.49

18.07

66.51

35.04

13.10

8.80

6.80

4.15

3929.35 1182.90 494.47 195.62

72.35

38.09

11.28

42.75
44.69

26.71

13.69

9.20

7.10

4.34

4271.18 1284.90 536.78 212.21

78.43

41.27

12.21

46.64

27.92

18.93

14.29

9.60

7.41

4.53

4627.22 1391.08 580.81 229.47

84.74

44.57

13.17

14.88

10.00

7.72

4.71

4997.44 1501.45 626.55 247.38

91.29

48.00

14.18

10.40

8.03

4.90

98.08

51.54

15.21

10.80

8.34

5.09

48.58
50.52

29.14

19.79

30.35
31.56

20.65
21.51
22.37

15.48

5381.87 1616.00 674.00 265.95


52.47
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

32.78

23.23

16.07

v=flow rate (m/s)

79

Table 5.3-15: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

20 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4

Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V


Temperature: 20 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 1.004 x 10-6m2/s
V

Dimension

56.0
l/s

3360
l/min

58.0
l/s

3480
l/min

60.0
l/s

3600
l/min

62.0
l/s

3720
l/min

64.0
l/s

3840
l/min

66.0
l/s

3960
l/min

68.0
l/s

4080
l/min

70.0
l/s

4200
l/min

72.0
l/s

4320
l/min

74.0
l/s

4440
l/min

76.0
l/s

4560
l/min

78.0
l/s

4680
l/min

80.0
l/s

4800
l/min

85.0
l/s

5100
l/min

90.0
l/s

5400
l/min

95.0
l/s

5700
l/min

100.0
l/s

6000
l/min

105.0
l/s

6300
l/min

16.0
mm

R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V
R
V

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

80

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm
5780.49
54.41
6193.31
56.35

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

63.0
75.0
mm
mm
1734.73 723.17
33.90 24.09
1857.64 774.05
35.21 24.95
1984.73 826.64
36.42 25.81
2116.00 880.94
37.63 26.67
2251.45 936.96
38.85 27.54
2391.08 994.68
40.06 28.40
2534.89 1054.12
41.28 29.26
2682.88 1115.27
42.49 30.12
2835.05 1178.12
43.70 30.98
2991.40 1242.69
44.92 31.84
3151.92 1308.97
46.13 32.70
3316.63 1376.96
47.35 33.56
3485.51 1446.66
48.56 34.42
3925.99 1628.38
51.59 36.57
4392.59 1820.79
54.63 38.72
2023.89
40.87
2237.66
43.02
2462.12
45.18

90.0
mm
285.19
16.67
305.08
17.27
325.64
17.86
346.85
18.46
368.73
19.05
391.26
19.65
414.46
20.24
438.31
20.84
462.82
21.43
487.99
22.03
513.82
22.62
540.31
23.22
567.45
23.81
638.19
25.30
713.05
26.79
792.01
28.28
875.09
29.77
962.27
31.26

110.0
mm
105.10
11.20
112.36
11.60
119.86
12.00
127.59
12.40
135.56
12.80
143.77
13.20
152.21
13.60
160.89
14.00
169.80
14.40
178.95
14.80
188.34
15.20
197.96
15.60
207.81
16.00
233.48
17.00
260.62
17.99
289.22
18.99
319.29
19.99
350.83
20.99

125.0
mm
55.21
8.65
59.00
8.96
62.91
9.27
66.95
9.57
71.10
9.88
75.38
10.19
79.78
10.50
84.30
10.81
88.94
11.12
93.70
11.43
98.59
11.74
103.59
12.05
108.72
12.35
122.06
13.13
136.16
13.90
151.01
14.67
166.62
15.44
182.97
16.22

v=flow rate (m/s)

160.0
mm
16.28
5.28
17.39
5.47
18.53
5.66
19.70
5.85
20.91
6.04
22.15
6.22
23.43
6.41
24.74
6.60
26.09
6.79
27.47
6.98
28.88
7.17
30.33
7.36
31.81
7.54
35.67
8.02
39.74
8.49
44.03
8.96
48.52
9.43
53.23
9.90

Table 5.3-16: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V
0.01
l/s

Dimension
0.60
l/min

16.0
mm
0.28

20.0
mm
0.10

25.0
mm
0.03

32.0
mm
0.01

40.0
mm
0.00

50.0
mm
0.00

63.0
mm
0.00

75.0
mm
0.00

90.0
mm
0.00

110.0
mm
0.00

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.90

0.32

0.11

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.23

0.15

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.02
l/s

1.20
l/min

0.03
l/s

1.80
l/min

1.83

0.64

0.22

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.34

0.22

0.14

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.01

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.04
l/s

2.40
l/min

3.03

1.06

0.36

0.11

0.04

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.05
l/s

3.00
l/min

4.49

1.57

0.53

0.16

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.06
l/s

3.60
l/min

0.57

0.37

0.23

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

6.20

2.16

0.72

0.23

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.68

0.44

0.28

0.17

0.11

0.07

..04

0.03

0.02

0.01

8.16

2.84

0.95

0.30

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.51

0.32

0.20

0.13

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.07
l/s

4.20
l/min

0.79

0.08
l/s

4.80
l/min

10.36

3.60

1.20

0.37

0.13

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.91

0.58

0.37

0.23

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.09
l/s

5.40
l/min

12.81

4.43

1.47

0.46

0.16

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

1.02

0.66

0.42

0.25

0.16

0.10

0.06

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.10
l/s

6.00
l/min

15.48

5.35

1.78

0.55

0.19

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

1.13

0.73

0.46

0.28

0.18

0.11

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.02

0.12
l/s

7.20
l/min

21.53

7.42

2.45

0.76

0.26

0.09

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

1.36

0.88

0.55

0.34

0.22

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

36.36

12.46

4.10

1.26

0.43

0.14

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.16
l/s

9.60
l/min

0.18
l/s

10.8
l/min

0.20
l/s

12.0
l/min

0.30
l/s

18.0
l/min

0.40
l/s

24.0
l/min

0.50
l/s

30.0
l/min

0.60
l/s

36.0
l/min

0.70
l/s

42.0
l/min

0.80
l/s

48.0
l/min

1.81

1.17

0.74

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.12

0.08

0.06

0.04

45.13

15.42

5.07

1.56

0.52

0.18

0.06

0.03

0.01

0.00

2.04

1.32

0.83

0.51

0.32

0.21

0.13

0.09

0.06

0.04

54.78

18.68

6.12

1.88

0.63

0.21

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.01

2.27

1.46

0.92

0.57

0.36

0.23

0.14

0.10

0.07

0.05

116.22

39.26

12.77

3.89

1.30

0.44

0.15

0.06

0.03

0.01

3.40

2.19

1.39

0.85

0.54

0.34

0.22

0.15

0.11

0.07

199.34

66.87

21.61

6.54

2.18

0.73

0.24

0.11

0.04

0.02

4.53

2.92

1.85

1.13

0.72

0.46

0.29

0.20

0.14

0.09

303.94

101.42

32.59

9.82

3.26

1.08

0.36

0.16

0.07

0.02

5.67

3.65

2.31

1.42

0.90

0.57

0.36

0.25

0.18

0.12

429.93

142.83

45.70

13.71

4.53

1.50

0.50

0.22

0.09

0.03

6.80

4.38

2.77

1.70

1.08

0.68

0.43

0.31

0.21

0.14

577.24

191.08

60.91

18.21

6.00

1.99

0.66

0.28

0.12

0.05

7.93

5.12

3.23

1.98

1.26

0.80

0.51

0.36

0.25

0.17

745.84

246.13

78.20

23.30

7.66

2.53

0.83

0.36

0.15

0.06

9.07

5.85

3.70

2.27

1.44

0.91

0.58

0.41

0.28

0.19

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

81

Table 5.3-17: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V

0.90
l/s

Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s


20.0
25.0
32.0
40.0
50.0
63.0
75.0
V
Dimension 16.0 mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
R
935.69 307.97
97.57
28.98
9.50
3.13
1.03
0.44
54.0
l/min
V
10.20
6.58
4.16
2.55
1.62
1.03
0.65
0.46

1.00
l/s

60.0
l/min

1.20
l/s

72.0
l/min

1.40
l/s

84.0
l/min

1.60
l/s

96.0
l/min

1.80
l/s

108
l/min

2.00
l/s

120
l/min

2.20
l/s

132
l/min

0.21

3.79

1.25

0.54

0.22

0.08

7.31

4.62

2.83

1.80

1.14

0.72

0.51

0.35

0.24

534.11

168.05

49.55

16.14

5.29

1.74

0.75

0.31

0.12

13.60

8.77

5.54

3.40

2.16

1.37

0.87

0.61

0.42

0.28

2203.34

718.65

225.31

66.18

21.48

7.02

2.30

0.99

0.41

0.15

15.86

10.23

6.47

3.97

2.52

1.60

1.01

0.71

0.50

0.33

2858.84

930.18

290.76

85.11

27.55

8.98

2.93

1.26

0.52

0.20

18.13

11.69

V
R

3599.12 1168.67

V
R

20.40

22.66

2.80
l/s

168
l/min

3.00
l/s

180
l/min

3.20
l/s

192
l/min

3.40
l/s

204
l/min

3.60
l/s

216
l/min

3.80
l/s

228
l/min

4.00
l/s

240
l/min

4.20
l/s

252
l/min

R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R

24.93

16.08

6328.52 2045.80
27.20

17.54

7407.80 2392.04
29.46

19.00

8571.82 2765.20
31.73

20.46

9820.57 3165.29
34.00

21.92

7.39

4.53

2.88

1.83

1.15

0.81

0.57

0.38

364.39

106.35

34.33

11.16

3.63

1.56

0.64

0.24

8.32

5.10

3.24

2.05

1.30

0.92

0.64

0.43

446.18

129.89

41.82

13.56

4.41

1.88

0.78

0.29

9.24

5.67

3.60

2.28

1.44

1.02

0.71

0.47

536.14

155.72

50.03

16.19

5.25

2.24

0.93

0.35

10.17

6.23

3.96

2.51

1.59

1.12

0.78

0.52

634.24

183.83

58.95

19.04

6.17

2.63

1.08

0.41

11.09

6.80

4.32

2.74

1.73

1.22

0.85

0.57

740.50

214.24

68.57

22.11

7.15

3.05

1.25

0.47

12.01

7.37

4.68

2.97

1.88

1.32

0.92

0.61

854.90

246.92

78.90

25.39

8.20

3.49

1.43

0.54

12.94

7.93

5.04

3.20

2.02

1.43

0.99

0.66

977.44

281.88

89.93

28.90

9.32

3.96

1.63

0.61

13.86

8.50

5.40

3.42

2.17

1.53

1.06

0.71

319.13

101.66

32.62

10.50

4.46

1.83

0.69

9.07

5.76

3.65

2.31

1.63

1.13

0.76

358.65

114.10

36.56

11.76

4.99

2.05

0.77

9.63

6.12

3.88

2.45

1.73

1.20

0.80

400.45

127.24

40.72

13.08

5.54

2.27

0.85

10.20

6.48

4.11

2.60

1.83

1.27

0.85

444.52

141.08

45.10

14.46

6.13

2.51

0.94

10.77

6.84

4.34

2.74

1.94

1.34

0.90

490.87

155.62

49.69

15.92

6.74

2.76

1.03

11.33

7.20

4.57

2.89

2.04

1.41

0.95

539.49

170.86

54.49

17.44

7.38

3.02

1.13

11.90

7.56

4.79

3.03

2.14

1.49

0.99

590.39

186.80

59.51

19.03

8.04

3.29

1.23

11154.05 3592.29 1108.12


36.26

23.38

14.79

12572.26 4046.21 1246.94


38.53

24.85

15.71

14075.19 4527.04 1393.89


40.79

26.31

16.63

15662.85 5034.79 1548.98


43.06

27.77

17.56

17335.23 5569.45 1712.21


45.33

29.23

18.48

19092.33 6131.02 1883.57


47.59

30.69

19.41

20934.15 6719.50 2063.06

V
R

14.61

5333.97 1726.49

V
R

13.15

4424.17 1434.11

156
l/min

49.86

32.15

20.33

22860.70 7334.89 2250.69

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

82

0.32

11.53

11.33

2.60
l/s

276
l/min

35.25

1632.64

4.60
l/s

119.00

144
l/min

264
l/min

376.59

110.0
mm
0.07

2.40
l/s

4.40
l/s

1146.78

90.0
mm
0.19

52.13

33.61

21.25

12.46

7.92

5.02

3.18

2.24

1.56

1.04

643.56

203.44

64.75

20.68

8.74

357.00

1.33

13.03

8.28

5.25

3.32

2.34

1.63

1.09

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-18: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V

4.80
l/s

288
l/min

5.00
l/s

300
l/min

5.20
l/s

312
l/min

5.40
l/s

324
l/min

R
R
V
R

336
l/min

5.80
l/s

348
l/min

6.00
l/s

360
l/min

6.20
l/s

372
l/min

6.40
l/s

384
l/min
396
l/min

V
R
R
R
R
V
R
V
R

6.80
l/s

408
l/min

7.00
l/s

420
l/min

7.50
l/s

450
l/min

8.00
l/s

480
l/min

9.00
l/s

540
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

10.0
l/s

600
l/min

12.0
l/s

720
l/min

14.0
l/s

840
l/min

16.0
l/s
18.0
l/s

960
l/min
1080
l/min

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

24871.96 7977.19 2446.45

5.60
l/s

6.60
l/s

16.0
mm

Dimension

R
R
R
V
R
V

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

54.39

35.08

22.18

8646.40 1650.34
36.54

23.10

9342.51 2862.36
38.00

24.03

10065.54 3082.51
39.46

24.95

10815.47 3310.79
40.92

25.88

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

699.00

220.78

70.20

22.40

9.46

3.86

1.44

13.60

8.64

5.48

3.46

2.44

1.70

1.13

756.72

238.81

75.87

24.19

10.20

4.16

1.55

14.16

9.00

5.71

3.61

2.55

1.77

1.18

816.70

257.55

81.75

26.04

10.98

4.48

1.67

14.73

9.36

5.94

3.75

2.65

1.84

1.23

878.96

276.98

87.85

27.96

11.78

4.80

1.79

26.80
27.72

9.72

6.16

3.90

2.75

1.91

1.28

297.11

94.16

29.94

12.61

5.13

1.91

15.86
16.43
17.00

13226.72 4044.42 1150.70


45.31

28.65

17.56

14084.28 4305.22 1224.32


46.77

29.57

18.13

14968.75 4574.15 1300.20


48.23

30.50

18.70

15880.12 4851.21 1378.35


49.69

31.42

19.26

16818.40 5136.40 1458.78


51.15

32.34

19.83

19281.82 5884.94 1669.77


54.81

34.65

21.25

21913.41 6684.29 1894.94


58.46

36.96

22.66

27681.07 8435.39 2387.85


65.77

41.59

25.50

10389.70 2937.49
46.21

28.33

10.08

6.39

4.04

2.85

1.98

1.32

317.94

100.68

31.99

13.46

5.48

2.04

10.44

6.62

4.19

2.95

2.05

1.37

339.46

107.42

34.11

14.35

5.84

2.17

10.80

6.85

4.33

3.06

2.12

1.42

361.69

114.38

36.29

15.26

6.20

2.31

11.16

7.08

4.48

3.16

2.19

1.47

384.61

121.54

38.53

16.19

6.58

2.45

11.52

7.30

4.62

3.26

2.26

1.51

408.22

128.93

40.85

17.15

6.97

2.59

11.88

7.53

4.76

3.36

2.33

1.56

432.54

136.52

43.22

18.14

7.37

2.74

12.24

7.76

4.91

3.46

2.41

1.61

457.54

144.33

45.67

19.16

7.77

2.89

12.60

7.99

5.05

3.57

2.48

1.65

523.12

164.79

52.06

21.82

8.84

3.28

13.50

8.56

5.41

3.82

2.65

1.77

593.04

186.58

58.86

24.64

9.98

3.70

14.40

9.13

5.77

4.07

2.83

1.89

745.95

234.16

73.69

30.79

12.44

4.60
2.13

16.20

10.27

6.50

4.58

3.18

916.25

287.08

90.15

37.60

15.16

5.60

17.99

11.41

7.22

5.09

3.54

2.36

408.88

127.92

53.20

21.39

7.87

13.70

8.66

6.11

4.24

2.84

551.98

172.19

71.43

28.64

10.51

15.98

10.11

7.13

4.95

3.31

716.35

222.93

92.28

36.92

13.51

14907.94 4206.95 1309.05


55.45

34.00

21.59

20238.98 5703.31 1771.41


64.69

110.0
mm

15.30

12396.06 3791.75 1079.36


43.84

90.0
mm

943.49

11592.31 3547.20 1010.29


42.38

75.0
mm

39.66

25.19

7426.54 2303.33
45.33

28.79

9376.64 2904.78
50.99

18.26

11.55

8.15

5.66

3.78

901.98

280.14

115.76

46.23

16.88

20.54

12.99

9.17

6.37

4.25

32.39

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

83

Table 5.3-19: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V

Dimension
R

20.0
l/s

1200
l/min

22.0
l/s

1320
l/min

24.0
l/s

1440
l/min

26.0
l/s

1560
l/min

28.0
l/s

1680
l/min

V
R
R
R
R
V
R

30.0
l/s

1800
l/min

32.0
l/s

1920
l/min

34.0
l/s

2040
l/min

36.0
l/s

2160
l/min

38.0
l/s

2280
l/min

V
R
R
R
R
R

2400
l/min

42.0
l/s

2520
l/min

44.0
l/s

2640
l/min

46.0
l/s

2760
l/min

50.0
l/s

2880
l/min
3000
l/min

R
R
R
R
R

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

11553.60 3575.78 1108.89


56.66

35.99

22.83

13957.43 4316.31 1337.05


62.32

39.59

25.11

16588.12 5126.37 1586.47


67.99

43.19

27.39

6005.96 1857.15
46.79

29.68

6955.08 2149.08
50.39

31.96

7973.73 2462.27
53.98

34.24

9061.90 2796.71
57.58

36.52

10219.61 3152.41
61.18

38.81

54.0
l/s

3240
l/min

56.0
l/s

3360
l/min

R
R
R

64.78

41.09

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

343.81

141.86

56.55

20.61

14.44

10.19

7.07

4.73

413.95

170.57

67.89

24.70

15.88

11.20

7.78

5.20

490.55

201.90

80.25

29.15

17.32

12.22

8.49

5.67

573.60

235.84

93.63

33.96

18.77

13.24

9.20

6.14

663.12

272.39

108.02

39.13

20.21

14.26

9.90

6.62

759.09

311.56

123.43

44.65

21.65

15.28

10.61

7.09

861.52

353.33

139.85

50.54

23.10

16.30

11.32

7.56

970.41

397.72

157.29

56.78

24.54

17.32

12.03

8.04

444.71

175.73

63.38

18.33

12.73

8.51

494.31

195.20

70.34

25.98

3927.55 1207.54
43.37

27.43

4347.01 1335.79
45.65

28.87

4787.71 1470.50
47.94

30.32

5249.66 1611.66
50.22

31.76

5732.87 1759.27
52.50

33.20

6237.33 1913.34
54.78

34.65

6763.03 2073.86
57.07

36.09

7309.99 2240.83
59.35

37.53

7878.20 2414.26
61.63

38.98

19.35

13.44

8.98

546.53

214.67

77.65

20.37

14.15

9.45

601.35

237.16

85.32

21.39

14.85

9.93

658.78

259.66

93.34

22.41

15.56

10.40

718.82

283.18

101.73

23.43

16.27

10.87

781.47

307.70

110.46

24.45

16.98

11.34

846.72

333.24

119.56

25.46

17.68

11.82

914.58

359.79

129.01

26.48

18.39

12.29

985.06

387.36

138.82

27.50

19.10

12.76

415.93

148.98

8467.66 2594.14 1058.13


63.92

40.42

28.52

9078.37 2780.48 1133.82

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

63.0
mm

11446.84 3529.35 1085.75

V
V

84

32.0
mm

3120
l/min

3480
l/min

25.0
mm

52.0
l/s

58.0
l/s

20.0
mm

40.0
l/s

48.0
l/s

16.0
mm

66.20
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

41.86

29.54

19.81

13.23

445.52

159.50

20.51

13.71

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-20: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Pipe - SDR 6


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V

Dimension

60.0
l/s

3600
l/min

62.0
l/s

3720
l/min

64.0
l/s

3840
l/min

66.0
l/s

3960
l/min

68.0
l/s

4080
l/min

70.0
l/s

4200
l/min

72.0
l/s

4320
l/min

74.0
l/s

4440
l/min

76.0
l/s

4560
l/min

78.0
l/s

4680
l/min

16.0
mm

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

2973.26 1212.12

43.31

30.56

3172.51 1293.02

44.75

31.58

3378.20 1376.53

46.19

32.59

3590.35 1462.64

47.64

33.61

3808.95 1551.37

49.08

34.63

4034.00 1642.70

50.53

35.65

4265.51 1736.64

51.97

36.67

4503.47 1833.19

53.41

37.69

4747.88 1932.34

54.86

38.71

4998.74 2034.10

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

50.0
mm

56.30
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

39.73

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

476.12

170.37

21.22

14.18

507.73

181.60

21.93

14.65

540.35

193.19

22.64

15.13

573.99

205.13

23.34

15.60

608.63

217.42

24.05

16.07

644.29

230.08

24.76

16.54

680.96

243.09

25.46

17.02

718.64

256.45

26.17

17.49

757.33

270.17

26.88

17.96

797.04

284.24

27.59

18.43

v=flow rate (m/s)

85

Table 5.3-21: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V
0.01
l/s

0.60
l/min

0.02
l/s

1.20
l/min

Dimension

16.0
mm

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

0.18

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.59

0.21

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.19

0.43

0.15

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.03
l/s

1.80
l/min

0.28

0.18

0.12

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.04
l/s

2.40
l/min

1.97

0.70

0.24

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.38

0.25

0.16

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.05
l/s

3.00
l/min

2.91

1.04

0.36

0.11

0.04

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.47

0.31

0.20

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

4.02

1.43

0.49

0.15

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.06
l/s

3.60
l/min

0.57

0.37

0.24

0.14

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.07
l/s

4.20
l/min

5.28

1.87

0.64

0.19

0.07

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.66

0.43

0.28

0.17

0.11

0.07

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.08
l/s

4.80
l/min

6.70

2.37

0.81

0.24

0.08

0.03

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.76

0.49

0.31

0.19

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.09
l/s

5.40
l/min

8.27

2.92

1.00

0.30

0.10

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.85

0.55

0.35

0.21

0.14

0.09

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.10
l/s

6.00
l/min

10.00

3.52

1.20

0.36

0.12

0.04

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.95

0.61

0.39

0.24

0.15

0.10

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

13.88

4.87

1.66

0.49

0.17

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.12
l/s

7.20
l/min

1.14

0.74

0.47

0.28

0.18

0.12

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.16
l/s

9.60
l/min

23.39

8.16

2.77

0.82

0.28

0.10

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.51

0.98

0.63

0.38

0.24

0.16

0.10

0.07

0.05

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.18
l/s

10.8
l/min

28.99 10.10 3.43

1.01

0.35

0.12

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.70

0.71

0.43

0.27

0.17

0.11

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

35.16 12.22 4.14

1.22

0.42

0.14

0.05

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.11

0.20
l/s

12.0
l/min

1.89

0.79

0.47

0.30

0.19

0.12

0.09

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.30
l/s

18.0
l/min

74.30 25.60 8.60

2.51

0.86

0.30

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

0.00

2.84

1.18

0.71

0.45

0.29

0.18

0.13

0.09

0.06

0.05

0.03

0.40
l/s

24.0
l/min

127.07 43.49 14.53

4.22

1.43

0.49

0.16

0.07

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.00

1.57

0.95

0.61

0.39

0.24

0.17

0.12

0.08

0.06

0.04

193.33 65.82 21.88

6.33

2.14

0.73

0.24

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.00

1.96

1.18

0.76

0.49

0.30

0.22

0.15

0.10

0.08

0.05

272.98 92.54 30.64

8.82

2.98

1.02

0.33

0.14

0.06

0.02

0.01

0.00

1.42

0.91

0.58

0.36

0.26

0.18

0.12

0.09

0.06

0.50
l/s

30.0
l/min

0.60
l/s

36.0
l/min

R
V
R
V
R
V

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

86

3.78
4.73
5.68

1.23
1.84
2.46
3.07
3.68

2.36

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-22: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V
0.70
l/s
0.80
l/s
0.90
l/s

42.00
l/min
48.00
l/min
54.00
l/min

Dimension

16.0
mm

365.98

6.62

472.28

84.00
l/min

1.60
l/s
1.80
l/s

96.00
l/min
108.00
l/min

R
R
V
R
V
R

2.00
l/s

120.00
l/min

2.20
l/s

132.00
l/min

2.40
l/s

144.00
l/min

2.60
l/s
2.80
l/s

156.00
l/min
168.0
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

3.00
l/s

180.0
l/min

3.20
l/s

192.0
l/min

3.40
l/s

204.0
l/min

3.60
l/s
3.80
l/s

216.0
l/min
228.0
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

4.00
l/s

240.0
l/min

4.20
l/s

252.0
l/min

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

0.19

0.08

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.42

0.30

0.21

0.14

0.11

0.07

159.04 52.30

14.96

5.02

1.71

0.55

0.24

0.10

0.04

0.02

0.01

3.14

1.89

1.21

0.78

0.49

0.34

0.24

0.16

0.12

0.08

198.78 65.19

18.59

6.23

2.12

0.68

0.30

0.12

0.05

0.03

0.01

3.54

2.13

1.36

0.87

0.55

0.39

0.27

0.18

0.14

0.08

242.84 79.44

22.59

7.55

2.56

0.82

0.36

0.15

0.06

0.03

0.01

2.37

1.51

0.97

0.61

0.43

0.30

0.20

0.15

0.09

1030.26 343.86 112.00 31.70

9.46

1.40
l/s

110.0
mm

0.43

8.52

90.0
mm

0.68

724.75

75.0
mm

1.34

72.00
l/min

63.0
mm

1.06

1.20
l/s

50.0
mm

3.94

7.57

40.0
mm

1.66

591.88

123.62 40.78

32.0
mm
11.70

60.00
l/min

25.0
mm
2.75

1.00
l/s

20.0
mm
4.30
4.91
5.53
6.14

3.93

10.56

3.57

1.14

0.50

0.20

0.08

0.04

0.01

2.84

1.82

1.17

0.73

0.52

0.36

0.24

0.19

0.11

1388.77 462.05 149.97 42.27

11.35

7.37

4.72

14.04

4.74

1.51

0.66

0.27

0.10

0.06

0.02

3.31

2.12

1.36

0.85

0.60

0.42

0.28

0.22

0.13

1800.22 597.40 193.32 54.30

17.98

6.05

1.92

0.83

0.34

0.13

0.07

0.02

3.78

2.42

1.55

0.97

0.69

0.48

0.32

0.25

0.15

2264.61 749.88 242.05 67.78

22.38

7.52

2.38

1.03

0.42

0.16

0.09

0.03

4.26

2.73

1.75

1.09

0.77

0.54

0.36

0.28

0.17

2781.91 919.48 296.13 82.69

27.25

9.13

2.89

1.25

0.51

0.20

0.11

0.03

4.73

3.03

1.94

1.21

0.86

0.60

0.40

0.31

0.19

3352.11 1106.20 355.57 99.05

32.57

10.89

3.44

1.49

0.61

0.23

0.13

0.04

3.33

2.14

1.34

0.95

0.65

0.44

0.34

0.21

3975.21 1310.01 420.36 116.84 38.34

13.25
15.14
17.03
18.92
20.82

8.60
9.82
11.05
12.28
13.51

5.50
6.29
7.07
7.86
8.65

5.20

12.80

4.04

1.74

0.71

0.27

0.15

0.04

3.63

2.33

1.46

1.03

0.71

0.48

0.37

0.23

4651.20 1530.92 490.49 136.06 44.57

14.85

4.68

2.02

0.83

0.32

0.17

0.05

22.71
24.60

14.74

3.94

2.53

1.58

1.12

0.77

0.52

0.40

0.25

17.05

5.36

2.31

0.94

0.36

0.19

0.06

4.24

2.72

1.70

1.20

0.83

0.56

0.43

0.26

6161.83 2024.03 646.79 178.80 58.38

19.39

6.09

2.62

1.07

0.41

0.22

0.07

4.54

2.91

1.82

1.29

0.89

0.60

0.46

0.28

6996.46 1196.22 732.95 202.31 65.96

28.39

17.19
18.42

10.22

5.68

5380.07 1768.93 565.97 156.72 51.25


26.49

15.96

9.43

11.00
11.79

6.15
6.62
7.10

21.88

6.86

2.95

1.2

0.46

0.25

0.07

4.84

3.11

1.94

1.38

0.95

0.64

0.49

0.30

7883.98 2585.49 824.44 227.25 73.99

30.28

19.65

12.58

7.57

24.51

7.67

3.30

1.35

0.51

0.27

0.08

5.15

3.30

2.06

1.46

1.01

0.68

0.53

0.32

8824.36 2891.85 921.27 253.61 82.47

27.29

8.53

3.67

1.49

0.57

0.30

0.09

5.45

3.50

2.19

1.55

1.07

0.72

0.56

0.34

9817.63 3215.30 1023.43 281.40 91.40

30.21

9.43

4.05

1.65

0.63

0.34

0.10

3.69

2.31

1.63

1.13

0.76

0.59

0.36

10863.77 3555.83 1130.93 310.61 100.78 33.27

10.38

4.45

1.81

0.69

0.37

0.11

3.89

2.43

1.72

1.19

0.80

0.62

0.38

11962.78 3913.44 1243.75 341.24 110.60 36.47

11.37

4.88

1.98

0.75

0.40

0.12

2.55

1.81

1.25

0.84

0.65

0.40

32.17
34.06
35.96
37.85
39.74

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

20.88
22.10
23.33
24.56
25.79

13.36
14.15
14.93
15.72
16.50

8.04
8.52
8.99
9.46
9.94

5.75
6.06
6.36

4.08

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

v=flow rate (m/s)

87

Table 5.3-23: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V
4.40
l/s

Dimension
264
l/min

R
V
R

4.60
l/s

276
l/min

4.80
l/s

288
l/min

5.00
l/s

300
l/min

V
R

16.0
mm
41.63

5.40
l/s

324
l/min

5.60
l/s

336
l/min

43.53
45.42

R
R
R

348
l/min

6.00
l/s

360
l/min

6.20
l/s

372
l/min

V
R
R
R

6.40
l/s

384
l/min

6.60
l/s

396
l/min

6.80
l/s

408
l/min

7.00
l/s

420
l/min

7.50
l/s

450
l/min

8.00
l/s

480
l/min

V
R
R
R
V
R
R
R

9.0
l/s

540
l/min

10.0
l/s

600
l/min

12.0
l/s

720
l/min

14.0
l/s

840
l/min

V
R
R

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

88

40.0
mm

27.02

17.29

10.41

6.66

28.25

18.08

10.88

6.96

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

39.82

12.40

5.31

2.16

0.82

0.44

0.13

4.28

2.67

1.89

1.31

0.88

0.68

0.41

43.31

13.47

5.77

2.34

0.89

0.47

0.14

4.47

2.79

1.98

1.37

0.92

0.71

0.43

46.94

14.58

6.24

2.53

0.96

0.51

0.16

11.35 7027.00

4.66

2.91

2.07

1.43

0.96

0.74

0.45

5514.70 1748.38 478.00 154.36

50.71

15.74

6.73

2.73

1.03

0.55

0.17

4.86

3.03

2.15

1.49

1.00

0.77

0.47

54.62

16.94

7.24

2.93

1.11

0.59

0.18

15577.04 5088.77 1614.23 441.68 142.75

5.80
l/s

32.0
mm

14319.42 4679.91 1485.40 406.78 131.59

312
l/min

25.0
mm

13114.66 4288.14 1361.91 373.30 120.87

5.20
l/s

20.0
mm

29.47
30.70

18.86
19.65

11.83

7.57

5957.72 1887.86 515.74 166.42


31.93

20.43

12.30

7.87

6417.82 2032.67 554.90 178.92


33.16

21.22

12.77

8.18

6894.99 2182.82 595.49 191.87


34.39

22.01

13.25

8.48

7389.25 2338.29 637.49 205.26


35.61

22.79

13.72

8.78

7900.58 2499.08 680.92 219.10


36.84

23.58

14.19

9.08

8428.99 2665.21 725.76 233.38


38.07

24.36

14.67

9.39

8974.48 2836.67 772.03 248.11


39.30

25.15

15.14

9.69

9537.05 3013.45 819.71 263.29


40.53

25.94

15.61

9.99

10116.69 3195.57 868.81 278.91

5.05

3.16

2.24

1.55

1.04

0.80

0.49

58.68

18.18

7.77

3.15

1.19

0.64

0.19

5.25

3.28

2.32

1.61

1.08

0.83

0.51

62.88

19.47

8.31

3.36

1.27

0.68

0.21

5.44

3.40

2.41

1.67

1.12

0.86

0.53

67.21

20.80

8.88

3.59

1.36

0.72

0.22

5.64

3.52

2.50

1.73

1.16

0.90

0.55

71.69

22.17

9.46

3.82

1.44

0.77

0.23

5.83

3.64

2.58

1.79

1.20

0.93

0.57

76.32

23.58

10.05

4.06

1.53

0.82

0.25

6.02

3.76

2.67

1.85

1.24

0.96

0.58

81.08

25.03

10.67

4.31

1.63

0.87

0.26

6.22

3.88

2.75

1.91

1.28

0.99

0.60

85.98

26.52

11.30

4.56

1.72

0.92

0.28

6.41

4.01

2.84

1.96

1.32

1.02

0.62

91.03

28.06

11.95

4.82

1.82

0.97

0.29

10.29

6.61

4.13

2.93

2.02

1.36

1.05

0.64

10713.42 3383.01 919.34 294.97

96.21

29.64

12.61

5.09

1.92

1.02

0.31

41.75
42.98

26.72
27.51

16.09
16.56

10.60

6.80

12279.94 3874.92 1051.85 337.07 109.79


46.05

29.47

17.74

11.35

7.29

13953.20 4400.13 1193.24 381.96 124.25


49.12

31.44

18.92

12.11

7.77

17619.93 5550.43 1502.62 480.05 155.80


55.26

35.37

21.29

13.63

8.74

6833.92 1847.46 589.25 190.87


39.30

23.66

15.14

9.72

9800.41 2643.53 840.94 271.52


47.16

28.39

18.17

11.66

4.25

3.01

2.08

1.40

1.08

0.66

33.77

14.36

5.78

2.18

1.16

0.35

4.55

3.23

2.23

1.50

1.16

0.71

38.16

16.21

6.52

2.45

1.31

0.39

4.86

3.44

2.38

1.60

1.24

0.75

47.73

20.23

8.12

3.05

1.62

0.49
0.85

5.46

3.87

2.68

1.80

1.39

58.34

24.68

9.89

3.71

1.97

0.59

6.07

4.30

2.98

2.00

1.54

0.94

82.66

34.87

13.94

5.21

2.76

0.83

7.28

5.16

3.57

2.40

1.85

1.13

46.77

18.64

6.95

3.68

1.10

6.02

4.17

2.80

2.16

1.32

13299.58 3581.42 1137.00 366.18 111.13


55.02

33.12

21.20

13.60

R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

8.50

v=flow rate (m/s)

Table 5.3-24: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
Dimension

16.0
l/s

960
l/min

18.0
l/s

1080
l/min

20.0
l/s

1200
l/min

22.0
l/s

1320
l/min

R
R
R
V
R

24.0
l/s

1440
l/min

26.0
l/s

1560
l/min

28.0
l/s

1680
l/min

30.0
l/s

1800
l/min

32.0
l/s
34.0
l/s

1920
l/min
2040
l/min

V
R
R
R
R
V
R
V
R

36.0
l/s

2160
l/min

38.0
l/s

2280
l/min

40.0
l/s

2400
l/min

42.0
l/s
44.0
l/s

2520
l/min
2640
l/min

R
R
R
V
R
V
R

46.0
l/s

2760
l/min

48.0
l/s

2880
l/min

50.0
l/s

3000
l/min

52.0
l/s
54.0
l/s

3120
l/min

16.0
mm

R
R
R
V

3240
l/min

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

20.0
mm

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

63.0
mm

4661.12 1477.42 474.85 143.74


37.85

24.22

15.55

9.71

5882.62 1862.20 597.51 180.47

75.0
mm

90.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

60.36

24.00

6.88

4.76

8.93

4.72

1.40

3.20

2..47

1.51

75.65

30.02

11.14

5.88

1.75

10.93

7.74

5.36

3.60

2.78

1.70

7245.92 2291.32 734.16 221.33

92.63

36.70

13.59

7.16

2.12

8.60

5.95

4.00

3.09

1.89

44.02

16.28

8.57

2.54

42.58
47.31

27.25
30.28

17.49
19.43

12.14

8751.01 2764.79 884.80 266.31 111.30


52.04

33.31

21.38

13.35

9.47

10397.90 3282.60 1049.43 315.41 131.66


56.77

36.34

3.40

2.07

10.10

2.98

10.33

7.14

4.80

3.71

2.26

60.63

22.35

11.74

3.46

11.19

7.74

5.20

4.02

2.45

4451.23 1420.64 425.97 177.44

25.26

14.57

4.40
19.20

3844.75 1228.04 368.63 153.71


39.36

23.32

6.55
52.00

15.78

69.91

25.74

13.51

3.98

12.05

8.34

5.60

4.32

2.64

5102.06 1627.21 487.43 202.86

42.39

27.21

17.00

79.84

29.36

15.40

4.53

12.91

8.93

6.00

4.63

2.83

5797.23 1847.77 553.00 229.97

90.42

33.21

17.41

5.11

6.40

4.94

3.02

37.30

19.53

5.73

45.42
48.45

29.15
31.09

18.21
19.42

13.77

9.53

6536.73 2082.31 622.69 258.76 101.65


10.12

6.80

5.25

3.21

7320.56 2330.83 696.50 289.24 113.53

51.47

41.61

21.78

6.38

54.50

33.03
34.98

20.64

14.63

21.85

15.49

10.72

7.20

5.56

3.39

2593.33 774.42

321.4

126.06

46.16

24.15

7.07

16.35

11.31

7.60

5.87

3.58

2869.81 856.46 355.25 139.23

36.92

23.07

50.94

26.63

7.78

11.91

8.00

6.18

3.77

3160.26 942.61 390.77 153.06

55.95

29.24

8.54

38.86
40.81

24.28

12.50

8.40

6.49

3.96

3464.70 1032.88 427.99 167.53

61.20

31.96

9.32

42.75

25.49

17.21

13.10

8.80

6.80

4.15

3783.12 1127.26 466.88 182.65

66.67

34.80

10.14

13.69

9.20

7.10

4.34

4115.51 1225.76 507.46 198.41

44.69

26.71

18.07

27.92

18.93
19.79

72.38

37.76

10.99

14.29

9.60

7.41

4.53

4461.88 1328.37 549.73 214.83

11.88

46.64

29.14

20.65

78.31

40.84

14.88

10.00

7.72

4.71

4822.23 1435.09 593.67 231.89

84.48

44.04

12.80

48.58
50.52

30.35

22.37

15.48

10.40

8.03

4.90

5196.56 1545.93 639.3

249.60

90.88

47.35

13.75

16.07

10.80

8.34

5.09

52.47
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

31.56

21.51

32.78

23.23

v=flow rate (m/s)

89

Table 5.3-25: Pipe Friction Gradient / Flow Rate

60 C

Thermoconcept Stabi and Fibro Pipe - SDR 7.4


Pipe friction gradient R and calculated flow speed in dependence of circulation V
Temperature: 60 C Roughness: 0.0070 mm Density: 998.2 kg/m3 Viscosity: 0.47 x 10-6m2/s
V

Dimension

16.0
mm

56.0
l/s

3360
l/min

58.0
l/s

3480
l/min

60.0
l/s

3600
l/min

25.0
mm

32.0
mm

40.0
mm

50.0
mm

110.0
mm

125.0
mm

160.0
mm

97.51

50.79

14.74

11.20

8.65

5.28

5987.15 1779.95 735.60 286.95 104.37

54.41
56.35

V
V

64.0
l/s

3840
l/min

66.0
l/s

3960
l/min

70.0
l/s

4200
l/min

72.0
l/s

4320
l/min

74.0
l/s

4440
l/min

76.0
l/s

4560
l/min

80.0
l/s

4800
l/min

85.0
l/s

5100
l/min

5400
l/min

95.0
l/s

5700
l/min

100.0
l/s

6000
l/min

105.0
l/s

6300
l/min

5.66
17.89

12.40

9.57

5.85

2161.83 892.68 347.85 126.34

26.67

19.01

9.88

6.04

2297.35 948.41 369.44 134.12

69.73

20.16

13.20

10.19

6.22

2436.99 1005.82 391.67 142.13

28.40

73.88

21.35

13.60

10.50

6.41

2580.74 1064.91 414.56 150.38

29.26

20.24

78.14

22.56

10.81

6.60

2728.60 1125.68 438.09 158.85

82.52

23.82

14.40

11.12

6.79

2880.58 1188.13 462.27 167.56

30.98

20.84
21.43

87.02

25.10

14.80

11.43

6.98

3036.66 1252.27 487.10 176.50

91.64

26.42

31.84
32.70

22.03

15.20

11.74

7.17

3196.87 1318.09 512.57 185.66

96.37

27.77

12.05

7.36

3361.18 1385.59 538.69 195.06 101.23

29.15

33.56
34.42

22.62
23.22

7.54

3789.97 1561.70 606.81 219.56 113.88

32.75

36.57

23.81

15.60

12.35
13.13

8.02
36.56

38.72

25.30

16.00

4244.46 1748.33 678.98 245.50 127.26


26.79

17.00

13.90

8.49

1945.47 755.19 272.88 141.39

40.58

28.28

17.99

14.67

8.96

2153.13 835.44 301.70 156.25

44.80

29.77

18.99

15.44

9.43

2371.30 919.73 331.96 171.85

49.22

45.18
R = pressure gradient (mbar/m)

19.65

14.00

30.12

43.02

18.46

65.71

27.54

40.87

17.86

19.05 1280.00

54.63

V = Volumetric Current (l/s)

9.27
61.80

51.59

25.81

17.27

12.00

48.56

24.95

2030.42 838.64 326.90 118.78

47.35

90.0
l/s

16.81

46.13

R
V

58.01

44.92

4680
l/min

1903.13 786.28 306.60 111.46

43.70

78.0
l/s

5.47

42.49

16.67

15.75

41.28

24.09

8.96

40.06

R
V

90.0
mm

54.34

38.85

4080
l/min

75.0
mm

11.60

35.21

37.63

68.0
l/s

33.99

36.42

3720
l/min

63.0
mm

5584.87 1660.88 686.61 267.95

62.0
l/s

90

20.0
mm

31.26

19.99
20.99

v=flow rate (m/s)

16.22

9.90

Table 5.4: Chemical Resistance of Polypropylene to various fluids at 20, 60 and 100C
(not subjected to mechanical Stress)
Chemical or
ProductConcentration

Temp (C)
20

60

100

Acetic Acid
Up to 40%
R
Acetic acid, glacial
> 96%
R
Acetone
> 96%
R
Aceptophenone
> 96%
R
Acrylonitrite
> 96%
R
Air
R
Almond Oil
R
Alum
Water Soln.
R
Ammonia, aqueous
Up to 30%
R
Ammonia Dry Gas
100%
R
Ammonia , Liquid
100%
R
Ammonium Acetate
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Chloride
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Flouride
Water Soln.
R
Ammon. Hydro. Carbonate
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Hydroxide
Sat. Soln.
R
Amm Metaphosphate
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Phosphate
Sat. Soln.
R
Ammonium Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
R
Amyl Acetate
100%
CR
Amyl Alcohol
100%
R
Aniline
100%
R
Apple Juice
R
Aqua Regia
HCI/HNO3 =3/1 NS
Barium Carbonate
Sat. Soln.
R
Barium Chloride
Sat. Soln.
R
Barium Hydroxide
Sat. Soln.
R
Barium Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
R
Benzene
100%
CR
Benzoic Acid
Sat. Soln.
R
Bemzyl alcohol
100%
R
Borax
Soln. (>10%)
R
Boric Acid
Sat. Soln.
R
Bromine,gas
CR
Bromine,liquid
100%
NR
Butane
100%
R
Butanol
100%
R
Butyl Acetate
100%
R
Butyl Glycol
100%
R
Butyl Phenol
Sat. Soln.
R
Buthyl phthalate
100%
R
Calcium Carbonate
Sat. Soln.
R
Calcium Chloride
Sat. Soln.
R
Calcium Hydroxide
Sat. Soln.
R
Calcium hypochlorite
Soln. (>10%)
R
Calcium Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
R
Camphor Oil
NR
Carbon Dioxide, dry gas
100%
R
Carbon Dioxide, wet
R
Carbon Disulphide
100%
R
Carbon tetrachloride
100%
NR
Castor Oil
100%
R
Caustic Soda
Up to 50%
R
Chlorine Aqueous
Sat. Soln.
R
Chlorine, dry gas
100%
NR
Chlorine,liquid
100%
NR
Cloroacetic acid
Soln. (>10%)
R
Chloroethanol
100%
R
Chloroform
100%
CR
Chlorosulphonic acid
100%
NR
Chrome alum
Soln. (>10%)
R
Chromic Acid
Up to 40%
R
Citric Acid
10%
R
Coconut Oil
R
Corn Oil
R
Cottonseed Oil
R
Cresol
> 90%
R
Copper (II) Chloride
Sat. Soln.
R
Copper (II) nitrate
30%
R
Copper (II) Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
R
Cyclohexane
100%
R
Cyclohexanol
100%
R
Cyclohexanone
100%
CR
Dekalin
100%
NR
Dextrin
Soln. (>10%)
R
Dextrose
Soln. (>10%)
R
Dibutyl phthalate
100%
R
Dichloroacetic acid
100%
CR
Dichloroethylene
100%
CR
Diethanolamine
100%
R

R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
NS
R
R
R
R
NR
L
R
NR
NR
CR
CR
CR
R
R
R
R
NR
R
R
NR
NR
R
L
L
NR
NR
NR
NR
R
CR
R
CR
R
R
R
R
CR
NR
NR
R
R
CR
-

NS
R
R
R
R
NS
R
R
R
R
NR
NR
NR
CR
CR
CR
R
R
NR
NR
NR
L
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
R
R
NR
NR
NR
-

As per DIN 8078 Annex

Chemical or Product
Concentration

Diethyl ether
100%
Diethylone glycol
100%
Diglycolic acid
Soln. (>10%)
Disooctyl phthalate
100%
Dimethyl amine
100%
Dimethyl formamide
100%
Dioctylphthalate
100%
Dioxane
100%
Distilled Water
100%
Ethanolamine
100%
Ethyl Acetate
100%
Ethyl Alcohol
Up to 95%
Ethyl Chloride
100%
Ethylene Chloride
Ethylene glycol
100%
Formaldehyde
40%
Formic Acid
10%
Formic Acid
85%
Formic Acid, anhydrous
100%
Fructose
Soln. (>10%)
Fruit Juice
Gasoline, petrol
Gelatine
Glucose
20%
Glycerine
100%
Glycolic Acid
30%
Heptane
100%
Hexane
100%
Hydrobromic Acid
Up to 48%
Hydrochloric Acid
2 to 7 %
Hydrochloric Acid
10 to 20%
Hydrochloric Acid
30%
Hydrochloric Acid
35 to 36 %
Hydrofluoric Acid
Soln. (>10%)
Hydrofluoric Acid
40%
Hydrogen
100%
Hydrogen Chloride, dry
100%
Hydrogen peroxide
Up to 10%'
Hydrogen peroxide
Up to 30%
Hyrogen Sulphide , dry
100%
Iodune in alcohol
Isopropyl alcohol
100%
Isopropyl ether
100%
Isoctane
100%
Lactic Acid
Up to 90%
Lanoline
LiNReed oil
Magnecium carbonate
Sat. Soln. (>10%)
Magnecium chloride
Sat. Soln.
Magnecium sulphate
Sat. Soln.
Malic Acid
Sol
Mercury (II) chloride
Sat. Soln.
Mercury (II) cyanide
Sat. Soln.
Mercury (I) nitrate
Sol
Mercury
100%
Methyl Acetate
100%
Methyl Alcohol
5%
Methyl Amine
Up to 32%
Methyl bromide
100%
Methyl ether ketone
100%
Methylene chloride
100%
Milk
Monochloroacetic acid
> 85%
Naphtha
Nickel Chloride
Sat. Soln.
Nickel Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
Nickel Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
Nitric Acid
10%
Nitric Acid
30%
Nitric Acid
40 to 50%
Nitrobenzene
100%
Oleic Acid
100%
Oleum (sulphuric acid w 60% SO1)
Olive Oil
Oxalic Acid
Sat. Soln.
Oxygen
100%
Paraffiun Oil (FL 65)
Peanut Oil
Peppermint Oil
Perchloric acid
2N
Petroleum Ether(ligroine)
As per DIN 8078 Annex

Temp (C)
20

60

100

R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
CR
R
R
CR
R
NR
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
NR
R
R
R
R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
NR
R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
R
R
NR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR

CR
R
CR
R
CR
CR
R
NR
R
NR
CR
R
R
NR
CR
R
R
NR
R
R
R
NR
CR
R
R
CR
R
CR
R
R
NR
R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
NR
NR
R
R
NR
R
R
R
NR
NR
CR
CR
NR
R
CR
CR
R
CR

R
NR
R
NR
R
CR
NR
CR
R
R
NR
R
R
NR
NR
R
CR
R
NR
R
R
CR
NR
NR
R
NR
NR
NR
NR
CR
NR
NR
-

Chemical or Product
Concentration

Temp (C)

Phenol
5%
Phenol
90%
Phosphoric Acid
25%
Phosphoric Acid
25 to 85%
Phosphoric oxychloride
100%
Picric Acid
Sat. Soln.
Potassium bicarbonate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium borate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium bromate
Up to 10%
Potassium bromide
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Carbonate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Chlorate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Chloride
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Chromate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium syanide
Soln. (>10%)
Potassium fluoride
Sat. Soln.
Potassium hydroxide
Up to 50%
Potassium iodide
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium perchlorate
10%
Potassium Permanganate
2N
Potassium Persulphate
Sat. Soln.
Potassium Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
Propane
100%
Proplonic acid
> 50%
Pyridine
100%
Sea water
Silicone Oil
Silver Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Acetate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Benzoate
35%
Sodium Carbonate
Up to 50%
Sodium Chlorate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Chloride
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Chlorite
2%
Sodium Chlorite
20%
Sodium dichromate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Hydrogen carbonate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Hydrogen sulphate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Hydrogen sulphite
Soln. (>10%)
Sodium Hydroxide
1%
Sodium Hydroxide
10 to 60%
Sodium Hypochlorite
5%
Sodium Hypochlorite
10%
Sodium Hypochlorite
20%
Sodium Metaphosphate
Soln. (>10%)
Sodium Nitrate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Perborate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Phosphate (neutral)
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Silicate
Soln. (>10%)
Sodium Sulphate
Sat. Soln.
Sodium Sulphite
40%
Sodium thiosulphate
Sat. Soln.
Soybean oil
Succinic acid
Sat. Soln.
Sulphur Acid
Up to 10%
Sulphur dioxide
100%
Sulphur Acid
10 to 30%
Sulphuric Acid
50%
Sulphuric Acid
98%
Sulphurous Acid
Soln. (>10%)
Tartaric Acid
10%
Tetrahydrofuran
100%
Tetralin
100%
Thiophene
100%
Tin (IV) chloride
Sat. Soln.
Tin (II) chloride
Sat. Soln.
Toluene
100%
Trichloroacetic acid
Up to 50%
Trichloroethylene
100%
Triethanolamine
Soln. (>10%)
Turpentine
Urea
Sat. Soln.
Vinegar
Water (mineral, potable)
Whiskey
Wines
Xylene
100%
Yeast
Soln. (>10%)
Zinc chloride
Sat. Soln.
Zinc sulphate
Sat. Soln.
As per DIN 8078 Annex

91

20

60

100

R
R
R
R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
R
R
CR
NR
R
R
R
CR
R
NR
R
NR
R
R
R
R
R
NR
R
R
R

R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
CR
CR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R

R
R
R
-

CR
R
R
R
R
CR
NR
R
NR
NR
CR
R
R
NR
R
NR
NR
R
R
NR
R
R
R

R
R
CR
R
CR
R
NR
NR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
R
NR
R
-

Table 5.5-1: Coefficient of loss -Value for Fittings


Comment

-Value

Socket

0.25

Reducer

Reduction by:
1 Steps
2 Steps
3 Steps
4 Steps
5 Steps
6 Steps

0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90

Elbow 90

1.20

Elbow 45

0.50

Passage in case of
separation of flow

0.25

Separation of flow

1.20

Conjunction of flow

0.80

Counter current in case


of separation of flow

1.80

Counter current in case


of conjunction of flow

3.00

Fitting

Picture

Tee

Reducing
Tee

Symbol

The -Value results from the addition of Tee & Reducer.

Separation of flow

2.10

Conjunction of flow

3.70

0.50

Cross

Female
Adaptor
92

Table 5.5-2: Coefficient of loss -Value for Fittings (continued)


Comment

-Value

Male Adaptor

0.70

Female Elbow

1.40

Male Elbow

1.60

Separation of flow

Fitting

Picture

Symbol

16 x 1/2" x 16
1.40
20 x 3/4 x 20

20 x 1/2" x 20

Female Tee

25 x 3/4" x 25

1.60

32 x 1" x 32

25 x 1/2" x 25
1.80
32 x 3/4" x 32

Male Tee

1.80

Stop Valve

Ball Valve

93

NOTES

94

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