.'

i

J

X

1925
Atlas of the
and

World

Gazetteer
Containing

NEW MAPS OF THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD AND SEPARATE MAPS OF EACH AMERICAN STATE AND TERRITORY THE CANADIAN PROVINCES, ETC.. ETC.
ACCOMPANIED BY INDIVIDUAL INDEXES OF EACH STATE. PROVINCE. ETC. A DESCRIPTIVE GAZETTEER OF THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD. AND FOURTEEN GEOGRAPHICAL CROSS-WORD PUZZLES

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY
NEW YORK AND LONDON
1925

CONTENTS
MAPS
.byssinia

^den Afghanistan

iuLmV.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.

Uaska

STATISTICAL G AZETTEER OF THE
This alphabetical
list

WORLD

of grand divisions, countries, states, colonial possesThe sions, etc., gives area, population and capital or seat of government. mother country of colonial possessions is indicated by Italic abbreviations enclosed within parentheses.

ABBREVIATIONS
British or British

Empire

Dan._

Domin. Dutch
Ft.

Ger. Gr.
I.

Is.
It.

Jap. L. of N,

^land.

.. . ,

STATISTICAL GAZETTEER OF THE
Country
Belize (Br. Honduras) Bermuda Islands (Br.).
. .

WORLD
Capital
Belize

(Sq.

Area MUes)

Population
45,317 22,000 250,000 3,000,000 2,889,970 208,183 1,625,453 30,635,605 523,369 45,317 47,307,601 25,454 4,861,439 13,205,564 3,426,861 1.634,252 2,541.871 8,769,489 22,858 506,414 131,495
2,781,185 149,793 39,000 13,500,000 5,253 3,089,263 5,634,652 4,504,283 89,614 3,754,723 302,110,000 320,650,000 17,284,207 5,855,077 939,629 15,500.000 1,380,631 476,581 310,400 2,889,004 32,709 310,808 13,595,816 841,705

8,598 19 20,000 79,440 514,155 Bolivia 31,106 Borneo (British) 212,737 Borneo (Dutch) 3,275,510 BrazU 355,855 British Columbia, Canada 8,598 British Honduras (Belize) 121,633 British Isles 4,000 Brunei (Br.) 40,656 Bulgaria 230,839 Burma (Br.) 158,297 California, U.S.A 45.000 Cambodia.Fr.Indo-China 191,300 CameToon(Br.&Fr.Mand.) of (Br.) 3,729,665 Canada, Domin.
..

Bhutan Bokhara

Hamilton Punakha Bokhara La Paz Sandakan
Rio de Janeiro
Victoria

BeUze
Brunei
Sofia

Sacramento

Pnom-Penh
Buea Ottawa
Balboa

CanalZone (t/.<S.A.).... Canary Islands (Sp.) .... Cape Breton Island, N. S. Cape of Good Hope, U. of
So. Africa

502
3,342 3,975

Cape Verde
Caroline
Is.

Is. (Port.)....

276,966 1,480

Cape Town
Porto Praya

(Jap. Mand.)
regiori)..

560
181,173

Caucasia

(i? us.

Cayman

Islands (Br.)... Celebes (Dutch) Central America

89
72,070 212,998 25,481 75 289,829 1,532,420 4,277, 170 84,738 440,846 103,948 909,654
4,965 23,000 3,330 44,215

Georgetown

Menado
Colombo
Santiago

Ceylon (Br.) Channel Islands
Chile

(

U. K.).

China, Chinese Rep Chinese RepubUc Chosen [Korea] (Jap.). Colombia Colorado, U.S.A Congo, Belgian
Connecticut, U.S.A

Peking
Seoul

.

Bogota Denver
LeopoldviUe Hartford San Jose

Costa Rica
Crete, Greece

Cuba
Curacao (Dufc^) Cyprus (Br.)
Czecho-Slovakia

Havana
Willemstad
Nicosia

210
3,584 54,264 42,460

Dahomey
(region)

(Fr.)

Prague Porto Novo

Dalmatia, J u g o-S 1 a v i a
5,090
of

621,503

Danzig,

Free City

(L.ofN.)
Delaware, U.S.A

794
2,370 16,609

Denmark
Dist. of Columbia, U.S.A. Dominica (Br.)

70 305
19,332

Dominican Republic East India Islands East Indies, Dutch

330,252 223,003 3,267,831 437,571 37,059 897,405
49,l'6V,047

Danzig Dover Copenhagen

Roseau Santo Domingo
Batavia Quito Cairo

Ecuador Egypt
England,
Eritrea

U.K

Esthonia

Europe
Europe, Southeastern Falkland Islands (Br.) Faroe Islands (Dan.) Federal Territory, Aus.

683,000 116,000 350,000 58,340 45,800 23,160 3,879,000
.

2,000,000 12,710,000 35,678,530 450,000 1,750,000 400,000,000

London Asmara
Reval

6,500

540 940
27,506

3,240 21,364 2,572 1,037,000

Port Stanley

Thomshawn

tralia (Br.)

FederatedMalaySt.(Br.)

.. . .

STATISTICAL GAZETTEER OF THE
Country
Fiji Islands (Br.)

WORLD

Area
(Sq.

Population

MUes)
7,083 149,586

Finland......

Fiume

(It.)

,

8
58,668 13,944 212,659

Florida, U.S.A

Formosa [Taiwan]

(Jap.).

France Franz Josef Land French Equatorial Africa French Soudan French West Africa Galapagos Is. (jE'cuador)..

982,049 617,600
1,800,566 2,400 4,500 25,760 59,265 183,381

Gambia

(Br.)

Georgia (Rus.Sov. Rep.).
Georgia, U.S.A

Germany
Gibraltar (Br.)

2
80,000 41,933 826,000 133

Gold Coast

(Br.)

Greece Greenland (Dan.)

Grenada (Br.) Guadeloupe (Fr.)

Guam

(

C7.,S.^.)

722 225
48,290 89,500 46,060 32,000 95,218 13,940 10,204 6,449 170,000 15,760 44,275 8,598 391 35,654 39,709 83,888

Guatemala
Guiana, Guiana, Guiana, Guinea, Guinea,
Haiti
British

Dutch
French French Portuguese

Hawaii ( U.S.A.) Hejaz Holland (Netherlands)....

Honduras
Honduras, Br. (BeUze)..

Hong Kong
Hungary

(Br.)

Iceland Idaho, U.S.A
Ifni(<Sp.)
Illinois,

965
56,665
1 ,802,629

U.S.A

India and Dependencies. Indiana, U.S.A Indo-China, French Iowa, U.S.A Irak [Mesopotamia] (Br.

36,354 256,000 56,147
143,250 8,613 23,973

Mand.)
Ireland, Northern, U. Irish Free State (Br.). Isle of Man, U. Italy

K.
.

.

K

227
117,982 121,976 4,207 148,756 48,857 95,628 82,158 13,253 40,598 245,060 24,310 84,738 120,000 24,440

Ivory Coast (Fr.) Jamaica (Br.)

Japan Java (Dutch)
Jugo-Slavia Kansas, U.S.A Karafutu [Sakhalin] (Jap.)

Kentucky, U.S.A

Kenya
lOiiva

(Br.)

Korea [Chosen] (Jap.)...
Labrador (Br.) Latvia

Leeward Islands (Br.) Liberia Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Louisiana, U.S.A.

.

.

715
40,000 65 31,700 48,506

Luxemburgooo.o...

..

.

..

998

.. . .

STATISTICAL GAZETTEER OF THE. WORLD
Country
Area
(Sq. Miles)

Population
74,866 3,512,690 170,000 1,600,000 768,014 224,500 12,740,000 610,118 10,000 16,500 193,000 1,449,661 3,852,356 261,532 140,746
2,849,282 15,501,684 3,668,412

Capital

Macao

{Port.)

Madagascar (Fr.) Madeira Islands (Port.)

4 228,000
.

314
1,700 33,040 118 363,610 251,832

Tananarive Funchal

Madura
Malta
]\

(Dutch)

Maine, U.S.A
(Br.)
I anchuria,

Augusta
Valetta

Chinese Rep.

Mukden
Winnipeg

Manitoba, Canada

Mariana Islands (Jap. Mand.) MarshaU Islands {Jap. Mand.)
Martinique
(Fr.)

250
150 385

Marj'land, U.S.A Massachusetts, U.S.A....

Mauretania

(Fr.)

Memel

-

12,327 8,266 347,400 1,057

Fort de France Annapolis

Boston

Mesopotamia Mand.)

[Irak] {Br.

Mexico. Michigan, U.S.A Midway Island ( U.S.A.) Minnesota, U.S.A

143,250 767,198 57,980

Bagdad
Mexico
Lansing
St."

84,682

2,387,125

Paul'"

Miquelon {Fr.) Mississippi, U.S.A
Missouri, U.S.A Molucca Islands (Dute/i).

83
46,865 69,420 22,781

443
1,790,618 3,404,055

St. Pierre

Jackson
Jefferson City

Monaco
Mongolia, Chinese Rep...

8
1,367,600 146,997

392,784 22,956
1,800,000 548,889 12,120 5.400,000

Monaco
Urga
Helena

Montana, U.S.A
Montserrat (Br.) Morocco, French Zone. Morocco, Spanish Zone Mozambique (Port. E.
. .

32
231,500 8,665
428,132 35,284 77,520 54,000 15,760 110,690
18,200 27,985 7,650 42,734 70,000 121,339 9,341

620,000
3,120,000 1,194,043 1,296,372 5,000,000 6,841,155 77,407

Plymouth Fez Tetuan
LourencoMarques
Lincoln

Africa)

Natal, Union of So. Africa

Nebraska, U.S.A Nepal Netherlands [Holland].... Nevada, U.S.A New Britain Archipelago
{Australia Mand.)
.
.

Khatmandu
Hague
Carson City

New Brunswick, Canada New Caledonia (Fr.) ....
Newfoundland
{Br.)

New Guinea {Br. Mand.) New Guinea {Dutch) .... New Hampshire, U.S.A.. New Hebrides Islands
{Br.

188,000 387,876 50,600 263,683 110,000

Fredericton

Noumea
Johns Port Moresby
St.

Unknown
443,083
60,000 3,155,900 360,350
2,009,763 10,385,227
1,218,913 638,119 16,500,000 1,083,827 145,000,000 2,559,123 646,872 931,500

Concord
Trenton Santa Fe

& Fr.)

New Jersey, U.S.A New Mexico, U.S.A New South Wales, Australia

5,500 8,224 122,634

New York, U.S.A New Zealand, Dominion
of (Br.)

310,700 49,204
104,751 49,200 336,000 347,400 9,323,000 52,426 70,837 291,000

Sydney AJbany
Wellington

Nicaragua
Nigeria (Br.) Niger Territory (Fr.).
.

Managua
Lagos

.

Niamey
Raleigh

North America North Carolina, U.S.A.... North Dakola, U.S.A.. Northern Rhodesia (Br.). Northern Territory, Aus.

Bismarck
Livingstone

tralia

523,620
Territories,

3,870
6,684 2,646,306 523,837 1,200,000

Northwest

Canada Norway

18,481 124.964

Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Nyasaland (Br.) .,,...,.

n .Ht^

Oslo (Christiania) Halifax

39,573

Zomba

... . .. .

STATISTICAL GAZETTEER OF THE
Country
Ohio, U.S.A

WORLD
Capital

Area
(Sq. Miles)

Population
5,759,394 2,028,283

Oklahoma, U.S.A

Oman
Ontario,

Canada

41,010 70,057 82,000 407,202 50,389 96,699 9,000 32,380

Columbus Oklahoma City

500,000
2,933,662

Mask at
Toronto
Bloemfontein

Orange Free State, U. of
So. Africa

Oregon, U.S.A
Palestine (Br.

Mand.)

.

.

Panama
Papua Territory
Guinea] {Br.)

628,360 783,389 761,796 401,428 251,000 630,000 3,200 83,109 8,720,017 9,500,000
4,569,752 10,350,640 27,778,068 1,299,809 5,957,985

Salem
Jerusalem

Panama
Port Moresby Asuncion

[New
90,540 97,722

Paraguay Pelew Islands (Jap. Mand.)

Pemba Island
Persia

(Br.)

560 380
45,126 628,000 709,871 114,400 150,207 3,435 35,490

Pennsylvania, U.S.A

Harrisburg

Teheran

Peru
Philippine Islands( U.S.A.)

Lima
Manila

Poland Porto Rico

Warsaw
San Juan
Lisbon

(

U.S.A.) ....

Portugal Portuguese East Africa (JNIozambique) Prince Edward Island,

428,132
2,184 706,834 670,500
1,218

3,120,000

Lourenfo Marques
Charlottetown

Canada
Quebec, Canada Queensland, Australia.
.

Rhode

440,000 109,200 9,470 Rumania 122,282 Russia 1,488,240 Sakhalin [Karafutu ] (Jap.) 13,253 Salvador 13,183 Samoa ( N.Z.Mand.) 1,250 Samoa. (U.S.A.) 102 San Marino 38 Sarawak (Br.) 42,000 Sarre (L. of iV.) 751 Saskatchewan, Canada. 251,700 Scotland, U. 30,405 Senegal (Fr.) 74,112 Shetland Islands (Br.).. 551 Siam 198,900 Siberia, Russia 4,831,882 Sierra Leone (Br.) 31,000 Sinkiang, Chinese Rep. 550,340 Society Islands (Fr.) 700 Solomon Islands (Australia Mand.) 3,800 Solomon Islands (Br.) 11,000 Somali Coast, French 5,790 Somaliland, British 68,000 Somaliland, Italian 139,430 South America 6,889,000 South Austraha, Australia 330,070 South Carolina, U.S.A. 30,989 South Dakota, U.S.A. 77,615 Southern Rhodesia (Br.) 149,000 South Georgia (Br.) 1,000 Southwest Africa ( U. So. Africa Mand.) 322,400 Spain 194,783 Spitzbergen (Norway) 25,000 St. Croix Island, Virgin Is. (U.S. A.) 84 St. Helena Island (Br.) . 47

Island, U.S.A Rhodesia (Br.) Rio de Ore (Sp.) Rio Muni (Sp.)

88,615 2,361,199 757,634 604,397 1,741,500

Quebec
Brisbane Providence
Villa Cisneros

800
89,130 17,393,149 93,387,923 105,765 1,500,000 37,000 8,056 12,027 600,000 657,870 757,510 4,882,288 1,225,523 25,520 9,121,000 10,377,900 1,400,000 2,000,000 28,000
17,000 150,000 208,000 300,000 650,000 50,000,000 495,336 1,683,724 636,547 810,000 1,000

Santa Isabel Bukharest

Moscow
San Salvador
San Marino Kuching
Regina Edinburgh
St.

K

Louis

Bangkok
Freetown

.

Urumchi
Papeete

.

.

Djibouti

Berbera

Mogdishu
Adelaide

.

Columbia
Pierre Salisbury

.

.

237,237 20,783,844

Windhoek Madrid

.

.

300
14,901 3,747

.

.

STATISTICAL GAZETTEER OF THE
Country
St.

WORLD
Capital

Area
(Sq. Miles)

Population

John Island, Virgin Is. {U.S.A)

St. Lucia (Br.) St. Pierre Island (Fr.)...

32 233 10
1,600

959
51,505 4,209 821,000
10,191 44,447 5,848,872 100,000 5,903,762 3,880,320 3,000,000 3,654,398
Castries

Straits Settlements (Br.) St. Thomas Island, Virgin

Singapore

(U.S.A.) Vincent (Br.) Sumatra ( Dutch) Swaziland (Br.)
Is.

St.

33 150
160,736 6,678 173,035 15,976 60,000 13,944

Kingstown

Embabaan
Stockholm Bern

Sweden
Switzerland Syria (Fr. Mand.) Taiwan [Formosa] (Jap.) Tanganyika Territory (Br.

Taiwan
Dar-es-Salaam

Mand.) Tasmania

(Br.)

Tennessee, U.S. A Texas, U.S. A Tibet, Chinese Rep

365,000 26,215 42,022 265,896 463,000
7,.330

Timor (Porf.) Timor Archipelago (Dwic/i) Tobago (Br.) Togo (Br. & Fr. Mand.). Tongking, French Indo-

17,098 114 33,700

4,000,000 213,877 2,337,885 4,663,228 2,000,000 377,815 1,146,657 12,465 1,032,088 6,119,720
2,085,837 391,279 1,000,000 2,093,939 6,684,400 8,000,000 3,361,000 26,001,802 6,922,813 105,710,620
2,973,951 1,494,953 449,396 2,411,952 352,428 1,531,529 26,051 2,309,187 2,206,712 4,398 1,356,621 147,177 12,283,962

Hobart
Nashville

Austin

Lome

Chma
Transvaal, Union of So. Africa Trinidad (Br.) TripoU(7<.)

46,400

110,450 1,863 406,000 50,000 Tunis (Fr.) Turkestan (Rus. Sov. Rep.) 420,807 174,900 Turkey 109,119 Uganda (Br.) 174,510 Ukraine (Rus. Sov. Rep.) South Africa ( Br.) 473,089 Union of United States of America 3,026,791 Upper Volta, French W. 154,400 Africa 72,153 Uruguay 84,990 Utah,U.S.A 398,594 Venezuela 9,564 Vermont, U.S.A 87,884 Victoria, Australia 132 Virgin Islands (U.S.A) 42,627 Virginia, U.S.A 7,466 Wales, U.K 430 Walfisch Bay (Br.) 69,127 Washington, U.S.A
.

Pretoria

Port of Spain
Tripoli

Tunis

Angora Entebbe
Kief

Cape Town
Washington

Ouaga-dougou Montevideo Salt Lake City
Caracas Montpelier

Melbourne
St.

Thomas Richmond
Olympia

Weihaiwei (Br.) West Africa, French Western Australia, Australia

285
1,800,566

Dakar
Perth
Charleston

West Indies West Virginia, U.S.A. Windward Islands (Br.)
. .

975,920 85,699 24,170
.

332,213 8,132,795
1,463,701 178,000 2,632,067 1,700,000,000 194,402 8,613 4.162

519
56,066 196,872,000 97,914

Wisconsin, U.S.A

Madison

World Wyoming, U.S.A Yap (Zap. Mand.) Yukon, Canada
Zanzibar, (Br.)

Cheyenne

79
207.07b

Dawson
Zanzibar

640

113,624

THE WORLD
GALL'S STEREOGRAPHIC PROJECTION

COLONIAL POSSESSIONS
Ur,Ued Statr.s
British

Empire

France

Port Eliiabeth

E

,4

::^'

"?

de 20

East

40=

from

BO^Greenwieh 80"

lOO"

120°

140"

160°

180°

4
Map
of Africa,

longitude

West

longitude

East i3 from

Greenwich

10"

Pages 58-61;

Asia, 44-43.

12

st^^*;*

15

Map

of E:nglana,

Pages 14-15; Ireland, lS-19;

AA'ales. 14-15.

16

17

Map

of England,

Pages 14-15;

Scotland, 16-17;

Wales, 14-15.
18

19

map

of England.

Pages

14-15;

France, 22-23;

Germany,
20

24-25.

21

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Etang de Carca

FRANCE
SCALE OF MILES
20 Eailroads

BoVgerac y+^Sarlal

.Oahors

—-o~

40

60

80

100

Canals

-=—


120

EUmg

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Submarine Cables Important Tramways CapUalB of Departments

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Size of type indicates re!ative importance of places

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map

of Belgium.

Pages 20-21;

England, 14-15;

Germany,
22

34-2.';

Italy, 36-37

JVctherlands, 20-31;

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and

ESTHONIA, LATVIA

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LITHUANIA
..© Capitals of Countries E1<-vations io English Feet.sooo Canals.— Railroads.—<—

'^lap

of Finland,

Page

29;

Germany. 24-25;

Poland, 31
30

;

Russia, 32.

Map

of Czecho-SIovakia, Page 38; aussia, 32.

Gerniaiiy, 24-25;

Latvia, 30;

Lithuania, 30; Rumania. 41'

31

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KURD: STAN

NEW BALTIC STATES
C.S.HJ

Map
31:

of Asia. Pages 44-45; Esthonia, Rumania, 41.

30;

Finland, 29;

Latvia, 30;

Lithuania, 30; Poland,

32

Map

of Austria,

Pases 34-35;

Czeclio-SIovakia, 38;

JuguNluvia, 42;

Rumania,

41.

33

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35

Map

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Map
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France,

•^2-2',]

39

24°

F

2r.°

G

26°

R««VJ.33'^""''^"^^^^' C^echo.Slo.akia.38; HMn^ary.
41

33;

Jugoslavia. 4.=

Poland, 31

;

Map of Albania. Page 40; 36-37; Rumania, 41.

Austria, 34-.%;

Bulgaria, 43;

Greece, 40;

Hungary,

33;

Italy,

42

^

Principal Railroads -a— Projected Railroads _-o--

Map

of Africa, Pages 58-61;

Europe, 13-13;

Oceania, 56-57.

Cast Ct

45

Map

of Greece.

Page

40;

Persia, 4S-4!).

46

/Bum/ 8i4«k»«A

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/

o

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P

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47

Greenwich

E

Map

ot AfsUanistan,

Pages 48-49;

Baluchistan, 48-49;

China, 54-55.

SO

im^

Map

of China,

Pages 54-55;

Oceania, 56-57.

52

-ntrrDUmen SIra

t

Greenwich

T

53

Capital of Courrtry Capital o/ Province

Jf.

Treats Porta.
Railroads
.

,9

''\^^ CHINA SEA
H.
Loneitudt
120

^yfr^-"^ SOUTH

Buuiuml,!

1 1 TI Oo p Tritj"

Proposed Railroads^ Submarine Cable»_. Kip of CbIii>,J>pui ud Eoru bj C.B. Hammond t Co, M.T.

Ea«t from

I

Greenwich

126

130

K

^„_.

136

L

55

Map

of Asia,

Pages

44-45.

56

57

Has Ufernlf
ABadir-IgfrW:

British

French
Italian

Coloni
Railroads Canals Size of type indicates relative importance of places
i

ascensionC

10° West

D
Pages 60-61; Asia, 44-45; Europe,
58
12-13.

Map

of Africa, Central and Southern Part,

59

p^ LongitiuU

3l>

Ltst

I-i''

fvoii

Map

of AfrU-a. >«i(Iutii I'art, I'ag

60

CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN AFRICA

/

.

BarrmioaL

>1?

>.C'%iW

'

(Cf.)

-EQU*TO

:

-,

rr

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it«^«ii%El=^D)
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ri

CNORTHEKN PART)
SCAi£ Of MU-ES
SO 100 200
300 (00
SO

.

'^'^'''^^^'^'^^

JS^'^y^^^^^^

Bailroads

Submarine Cables
Size of type indicates relative aspea^ance of places

Capyritlit

hj aa.H»wimwnl

* C».

LDE»!tn<teE

'Bfest of

I

63

rl
a
Ci
Is

Map

of South America, Northern Part,

Pages

62-63.

64

65

Map

of Asia,

Pases 44-45;

South America, 62-65.

a?

^

U E

w

/

"

1

.s

Tu';,

,,

""-^it^-Ho

..^'•(

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li

/

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HutchTrtapn

City(

;

"Lubbock

UNITED STATES
501»
G
SCALE

OF MILES
200

Capitals of C^uyitries Capitals of States and Provinces

®

69

Map

of Alaska,

Page

88;

Greenland, 66;

United States, 68-69.
70

71

3Ian of Maine,

Pace

105;

Quebec, T3-75.
72

of ^laiiu-,

Xfw
Oiitari
7K-7>S;

Hriiiis« ick,
\ eriiiont,

7'2;
l.'tl.

\'«>^%fi>iiiifllan«l,

New

Hamsiiliirc, 115;

York.

S;

73

Map

of Maine,

Page

105;

Xew Brunswick,

72;

IVewfoundland, 72;

New

Hamspliire, Hi

.^.

"'^

"^

°^^A. '1-^-3--^—':

^

'"*

11?^/':

^

'^

^

j

Southern Part, 7S;

Quebec, 73-75

n

Map

Pennsylvania, 124; Uuebec.

of Miol.ij.an.

Page

lOS;

New
4.i-t5.

York. 118;
72,

Ohio. 121;

Ontario, Northern Part. 76-

F

92

G

80°

H

88°

J

MANITOBA
ScmlB of

Ml lei

Itailroadt

__^_^_
-fe

Capitui of Province

Size of type indicates relative

Importance of places

'

Lonsilude

D

West

96°

from

E

Green

Map

of Minnesota. PiitSf 109; North Dakota, 120; 7«-78; Saslcatchewan, NO.

Northwest Territories, 70-71;

Ontario,

79

litelc

DumWei

"^
\

J'^

^

"^

fhVDebden ptnega;

}o

V

<

b

fC

Map o. AIl.e.ta. Pa.e 81, Territortes, 70-71.

Ma.Uo.a.

,.;

.Xo.tana. 11.;

Xort. DaUota. 1.0;

Xort.wes.

80

ve

Durlingvllle
I

- Optiv KelJ
SOarmangiij

B
I

11'"

C
80.

116

D

lir

L..g fc.iuJ.

in

"»" r

•"


.1.;

110°

Map
Saskatchewan,

of British tolu.nl.ia.

Pa^e

82;

Montana,

North.ve.t Territories. 70-7..

81

Map

of Alaska. Pa«e 88; 70-71; Washington, 1S3.

Alberta. 81;

Idaho. 98;

Montana. 112;

Northwest Territories.

82

"

l!

Mil!

^^ t\^lM^#%

Map

of Mexico,

Page

83;

South America, 62-65.

84

g

s

I

^.

T^f

/,

y^^i'?'

""

\Vi^t^C^

\ \v^ri^

—^^^^^

w'im

\

f-

^
Map
of Central

S.-^'

i'Fl'
United States, 68-69.

A

Page

84;

South America, Xorthern Part, 62-63;
85

3Ijii»

of

\\

est Indies, I'jige 85.

Map

of Asia,

Pages 44-45;

BritLsh Columbia, 82;

Yukon, 7U

CL,

l^FultOQ

fo Hacklebl!TE*«^

AV"'"""'
I

ATbertvilleH Collintville/

"".^ C^j^lSl^

I

/

''fe^^'

-k"^P-

Houston

„Lce.i,\

/^-'''^.C'^'n

/^^^GS'"''^^/

^>

\ HrLw/ i^'r
\ \

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'A

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>'»"/ //p^fTs'' Btent>njp

1

/o"^/

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Buffalo/ '^Hv^t'' ^i^ "' > Alexander Cy>>v/j^ckjSSs Gap PJ fe,=*JC\/ oRockford T'-X^ LafayettcJr> '/

__,^

/^

1

°*
/

o

.Marvjt

l_^,r-5>j^ ,^*^ '^C>^^^^^^^ SS^ A B

G UL

F

0\f
87"

MEXIC O
West

^,

,...

Longitude

C

from

80°

Greenwich

D

Map

of Florida,

Page

96;

Georgia, 07;

Mississippi, 110;

Tennessee, 128.

90

Map

of raiifornia.
130.

Page

S'.i

Itah,

/4
.Epps

92

Grfepwlcb

D

-LJ
128;

^>xa«!

«-««- i«4;
^^J:'"'""'*'

Mississippi. 110;

MissouH.lll, Oklahoma. 122; Tennessee. 92

A

124

B

v:a

c

PART OF SOUTH EASTEHN
CAI.IFORNIA
"

w/omfng."?^";'

^"^"

'«-'

^e.,ra.ka. 113;

Nev. Mexico. 117;

Oklahoma.

122;

Utah. 130

94

TI5

a N V T^_s_U

J

3 a o

°;S

Map

of Massachusetts,

Page

107;

New

York, 118;

Rhode

Island, 125.

95

3Iap o€ Alabama,

Page

00;

Georgia, 9T.

96

»oL'«^JrS«'

'•««« »«'

Florida. 96;

North Carolina. 119;

South Carolina. 126;

97

Map

Washington,

of British Columbia, Page 82; 133; Wyoming, 136.

Montana, 112;
98

Nevada, 114;

Orei^on, 123;

Utah, 130;

B
Michigan
ot^4

»'

C

80 30

iafce J/ich/oan

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it.

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87°

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Ohio, 121.

C

Ungiiud. 80°3O'

Map

of Illinois,

Page

99;

Kentucky, 103;

Michigan, 108;
100

Map

of Illinois,

Pase

99;

Minne«>ota,

>j

Missouri, 111; Nebraska,
101

13;

Wisconsin, ISj.

South Dakota, 127;

Map

of Colorado, Pag;e 94;

Missouri, 111;

IVeliraska, 113;

Oklahoma,

122

102

Map

of Illinois,

PaKe

Tennessoe, L2»;

»y; Indiana. lOO Missouri. Ill; Ohio, Virginia, 132; West Virginia. 134.

103

Map

of Arkansas,

Page

92;

Mississippi. 110;

Texas, 129.
104

lp^4f 4

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Indiana. lOO;

Ohio.i^i;
108

OntaHoTrG-TS;

Uue„ee. 73-75;

NOKTHKASTEKM PART OF MINNESOTA

Mapof Iowa, Page
Wisconsin, 135.

101;

Manitoba, 79; North Dakota, 120; Ontario, 76-78; Soutli Dakota, 127;
109

"

^^=¥
CoWwater, Potts ci

U^e..

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Scale of Miles

To

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3o

40

Fo

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91°

G U

LF OF MEXICO

Longitude

111

Map of Alberfa, Page 81; British Columbia, 82; Idaho. 98; Satikatche^van, 80; South Dakota, 127; Wyoming, 136.
112

Xorth Dakota, 120;

Map of C oloradr Page Wyoming 136.
,

94;

lo^va, 101;

KanH.-t-s. 102;

Missouri, 111;

South Dakota, 127;

113

NEW HAMPSHIRE

=^!'->:S=:i^^l>'r'|>,li?;„„„,,

SalU^ry 1)^„„, Joe Canterbufe Farming^

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Ungitude

72"

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C

from

Map

o£ Maine,

Page

105;

Ma-ssaohnsettis, 107;

Uueltec, 7^-75;

A'ermont, 131.

115

NEW JERSEY

f
^y
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RiLgi|feg

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Cold^p

M»y

C

Longit.

Map

of Delaware,

Page

106;

New

York, 118;

Pennsylvania.
116

i:J4.

I

I'M

^^^^^:m''Su^J:k^rV^;:Zl!^^'
118

^e.

aer«e^. 1X«;

Ontario. r«.78;

Kor;. ^'*^'^-' ^-^-

7»'

Minnesota. 109;
120

Montana. IT.;

Sa^kat.l, iiewan, SO;

South

..1^.
*<,

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Portamooth.

V^linfa/134!'"'*'

**''^''

^^'

Kentucky, 103;
121

Michigan. lOS;

Pennsylvania,

1:24;

West

Map of Arkansas, Pace 92'"fee •*-. Texas, 129.

rntn^^^r. «. Colorado, 94;

-^

Kansas,
122

103-;

M issoiiri.

111;

Mew

.Mexico, 117;

West

Map

of Dcliuvare. PaRe 10«; Virginia, 134.

Maryland, 10«:

New
124

Jersey, 116;

New

York, 118;

Ohio,

itil;

Slap of Georgia,

Page

97; Xortli Carolina, 119,

126

Nap

W.U^nTTaef^'*''"^'^'

of Iowa, Pajfe 101

Minnesota. 109;

Montana. 11.;
127

Nebraska. 113;

North Dakota. 120

Map

of Alabama, Page 90; Arkansas, 93; Georgia, 97; Missouri, 111; Aorth Carolina, 119; Virginia, 132.

Kentucky, 103;

Mississippi, 110;

128

.4,Fa\u

I
lc»>^JlS""|!-"'.'A''"

'^ "^SV
t-StocktOD
f{-,

o^""'"'\
.

^

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o

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.

Y].^'*'^'*^

Bada/^»*o»>**f^P>

Tbur8lon4*C!

Map

of Arizona,

Page

91

;

Colorado,

Idaho, 98;

]Vevada, 114;

Wyoming,

136.

130

73

LongltuJe

B

Map

of MasHachuHetts,

Page

107;

New HampNhire,
131

115;

New

York, 118;

Quebec, 73-75.

^Mjt
Map
of Kentucky, Vir^^mia, 134.

Page

103;

Maryland, 106;

Xorth Carolina, 119;

Tennessee, 128:

West

132

^

-c-^A^
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APOSTIE
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K^;;rt7ir»J

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Racine Kenosha

Jud.^«^

'.4

•\visco:n^sik

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JS^^^p^)

C. S.

Hammond 4 Co.

N. Y.
=

UD(!lliule

C

ei
DC-

E

Map

of Illinois.

Page

9l>;

Iowa, 101;

Michigan, lOK;

Minnt^^ota,

l(

135

136

.

INDEX OF PRINCIPAL

CITIES

OF WORLD

(Exclusive of United States of America)

WITH POPULATION FIGURES FROM LATEST CENSUS REPORTS AS EXPLAINED ON PAGE 3
The name of the place is followed by the name of the country or state, the population, the index references and the number. The index references indicate the location of the place on the accompanying maps; these references show the point on the map at which lines will converge if drawn to connect the respective marginal letters upon top and bottom and the numerals on either side of map. Places known under ditieient names or by various spellings of the same name in different forms have, to some extent, been inserted in parenthesis. Capitals of countries and states are designated by asterisks*. Populations of cities including suburbs are designated by daggers!. Index of cities and towns of United States of America will be found on pages 142 to 159, inclusive.
plate
.

Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), many, 145,933 Aarhuus. Denmark, 74,256
Aberdeen, Scotland, 158,969 Adana, Turkey, 60,000

Ger-

B 3 F 8 F 2 E4

Aus., *So. 39,562; Adelaide, t25S,218 C3 Agra, India, 185,946 Agram (Zagreb), Jugo-Slavia, 79,038 B 4 Ahmadabad, India,274,202 Ahmednuggar, India, 216,800.. .B 5 F 4 Aintab, Turkey, 74,000 Ajmir (Ajmere), India, 114,196. .B 3 F 4 Aleppo, Syria, 250,000 Alessandria, Italy, 78,159 L 2 Alexandria, Egypt, 444,617 F 1 Algiers, 'AlReria, 206,595 D3 Allahabad, India, 155,970 Altona, Germany, 170,371 2 Amiens, France, 92,780 H6 Amoy, China, 400,000 Amr.tsar, India, 160,409 Amsterdam, Netherlands, 642,F3 162 D3 Ancona, Italy, 68,430 Anderlecht, Belgium, 64,137 C3 France, 86,158 Angers, 5 Antwerp. Belgium, 333,882 Arnhem, Netherlands, 70,714.. .G 4 Astrakhan, Russia, 149,000 J 6 Asuncion, 'Paraguay, 99,836. ... F 3 E6 Athens, 'Greece, 300,701

E7
D2

.

B2

Bhopal, India, 55,054 Bialystok (Bielostok, Byelostok), Poland, 76,971 J 4 Bielefeld, Germany, 79,280 C2 Bilbao, Spain, 112,819 E 1 Bin-Dinh (Binh-Dinh), Fr. IndoH4 China, 74,440 .C 3 Birkenhead, England, 145,592. Birmingham, England, 919,438... E 4 Blackburn, England, 126,630. .. .D 3 Blagoveschensk, Siberia, 62,500. .J 2 B 3 Bochum, Germany. 143,217 C3 Bogota, 'Colombia, 160,000 F 1 Bokhara, Bokhara, 75,000 C2 Bologna, Italy, 189,770 D3 Bolton, England, 1 78,678
.

C4

Chemnitz, Germany, 307,074 E Chengtu (Chingtu), China, 422,-

3

24 54 32 55 45

E4 516 Chcrson(Kherson), Ukr., 65,0()0..F 6 Chinkiang (Chingkiang), China,
477.591 Chita, Siberia, 79,200 H Christiania (Oslo), 'Norway, 258,341 .F Chungking, China, 1,011,597. Cienfuegos, Cuba, 37,241 C Clermont-Ferrand, Fr., 82,577. .E Coblenz (Koblenz),Ger.,56,108...B Cologne (Koln), Ger., 642,899. .B Colombo, 'Cevlon, 211,274 Concepci6n, Chile, 64,074 C Constantine, Algeria, 78,220 Constantinople (Stamboul), Tuikey, 1,000,000 Copenhagen, 'Denmark, 581,344 Cordoba, Argentina, 135,000
. .
.

H4
2 5

G7
2

4
3 3

27 54 86 23 24
24 51 64

.

C7
5
1

Bombay, India, 1,172,953 Bonn, Germany, 91,456

B

5

G

58

C2 D

B2

D6
D

.B 3 Bordeaux, France, 267,409 4 Bournemouth, England, 91,770. .E 6 E 3 Bradford, England, 285,979 Braila, Rumania, 65,911 J 4 D4 Brantfotd, Ontario, 29,440 Bratislava (Pressburg), CzechoF4 slovakia, 73,459 C2 Bremen, Germany, 288,812
Brescia, Italy, 89,622 Breslau, Germany, 531,662 Brest, France, 73,960
. .

B2 G9 D4
C
5

Cordova (Cordoba),Spain,73,710.D4
Cork, Irish Free State, 76,673 Coventry, England, 128,205
. . .

46 27 64 39
19 15 24

E4

C2 G3
A K
2
5

.

Auckland, 'NewZealand,157,757.H7 AuKsburg, Germany, 155,693 .... D 4

Bagdad, Mesopotamia, 250,000. .K 6

K6 Bahia, Brazil, 348,130 Bahia Blanca, Argentina, 37,735 E 5 Baku, Azerbaijan, 237,000 J 7 India, (Bangalur), Bangalore 238,111 Bangkok(Bankok),*Siam,630,000 G 4 B 4 86,000 Banyuwangi, Java, H2 Barcelona, Spain, 710,335

Brest I.itovsk, Poland, 52,000. Brighton, England, 142,427 Brisbane, •Queensland, 42,636, t209,699 Bristol, England, 377,061 Brunn (Brno), Czecho Slovakia, E 221,422 Brunswick (Braunschweig), Germany, 104,143 Brusa (Broussa),Turkey,l 10,000 B .E Brussels, 'Belgium, t684,870.
. .

Crefeld (Krefeld), Ger., 125,351. .B 3 Cronstadt (Kronstadt), Russia, 60,000 Croydon, England, 190,877 F S Czernowitz (Cernauti, Czernovitz), Rumania, 87.128

F3

32 IS
41

G6 F6 D5
3

HI
F

Dacca, India, 117,304

3

50
51

(Port.), India, 57,000.... B 4 Damascus, Syria, 250,000 F 6 Danzig, 'Free City of Danzig (L.

Daman

46
25 50 24 33 50
14 15 23 22 24 25 19 24

D2
2

ofN.),330,252 Darbhangah, India, 62,628 Darmstadt, Germany, 83,1 19. Debreczen, Hungary, 103,288.
Delhi, 'India, 303,149

HI
E
. . .
.

3

.C 4
.

F

2
3

C6
D3
F4
B

6 Budapest(Buda-Pest,Budapesth), ..D2 •Hungary, 1.184,616 'Argentina, Aires, Buenos
1,692.327 Bukharest (Bucharest, Bucuresti) •Rumania, 308,987 Burnley, England, 103,175

C
E

Bareli (Bareillv), India, 131,208.. Bari (Bari del Puglie), Italy, ....

E4 HS D3 M3 E4

Derby, England, 129,836 Devenport, England, 81,678 Dijon, France, 78,578 Domfront, France, 108,500

4

C
F

6
3

C
.

2
3 3

Dortmund, Germany, 296,872 Dresden, Germany, 539,854

.

.

B F

103,670

Barmen. Germany, 158,644

3

G2 Barnaul, Siberia, 61,330 B4 Baroda, India, 94,742 Barrow (Barrow-in-Furness), England, 74,254 Basel (Bale, Basle), Switzerland, Dl 135,976 A4 Batavia, 'Java, 234,697 Beirut (Beirout, Beyrout), Syria, E6 180,000

C2

.

Belfast,

•Northern

Ireland,

393,000 Belgrade

(Beograd, •Jugo-Slavia, 89,876 Benares, India, 199,493 Berdltchef, Ukraine, 62,100 Bergen, Norway, 91,081
Berlin,

E2 Bi6grad), H3 D3
E E
E
6 6
2

'Germany,

1,904,650.

Bern

t3,800,000 (Berne),

•Switzerland,

103,700 Bhagatpur, India, 68,833

D3 £3

C4 Cadiz, Spain, 76,818 B 5 Cagliari, Italv, 61,175 Cairo, •Egypt, 790,939 D1 Calais, France, 73,001 Calcutta, India, 11,263,292 E 7 Calgary, Alberta, 63,305 Calicut, India, 81,995 H2 Campinas, Brazil, 68,000 G6 Canton, China, 1,367,680 Cape Town, 'Cape of Good Hope, 206,558 D1 Caracas, 'Venezuela, 92,212 DS Cardiff, Wales, 200,262 F 4 Cartagena, Spain. 96,891 Cassel (Kassel), Ger.. 162,695.... C 3 E 6 Catania, Italy, 217,389 D3 Cawnpur, India. 213,044 H6 Changchau. China, 303,247 G5 Changsha, China, 271,903 G6 Chaochau, China, 876,450 CharlottenSurg, Ger., 327,433. .E 2 CheUabinsk, Russia, 45,000

C6

Dublin, 'Irish Free State, 309,272 E 3 B 3 Duisburg, Germany, 243,686 Latvia, (Dvinsk), Diinaburg E4 90,000 F 3 Dundee, Scotland, 168,217 Dunedin. New Zealand, 72,255.. .H 8 Durazzo (Drac),'Albania,73,400 A 2 F 6 Durban, Natal, 140,324 B 3 Diisseldorf. Germany, 409,614
.
.

30
17 57 40 60 24

.

Edinburgh. 'Scotland, 420,281

.

.

.E 4

17
81

Edmonton, 'Alberta, 58,821

F 4

C7

(Yekaterinburg), Ekaterinburg L 4 Russia, 51,000 (Yekaterinodar), Ekaterinodar
Russia, 71,000 (Yekaterinoslav), Ekaterinoslaf Ukraine, 157,000 B Elberfeld, Germany, 157,342 (Yelisavetgrad), Elizavetgrad F Ukraine, 61,488 Elizavetpol (Yelisavetpol), Azerbaiian, 63,400 J Erfurt, Germany J130,136

32 32
32 24

H7 G6
3

6
7

32
32 24

.

M5

D3

139

140
Erzerum, Armenia, 80,000
Essen, Germany, 443,3 12

INDEX OF PRINCIPAL CITIES OF THE WORLD
H3
B
3

47 24 54 50 50 36 58 24 36 37 24 25 27

Huddersfield, England, 110,120. .E 3

Liegnitz,

Hukau, China, 618,888

H5
India,

Fachan (Fatshan), China,4S0,000 G 6 Faizabad (Fyzabad), India, 75,D3 035 D3 Farukhabad, India, 59,647
Ferrara, Italy, 102,550 Fez, Morocco, 62,693

Hull (Kingston-upon-Hull), Eng., F 3 287,013

Hyderabad
75,952

(Bombay),

A
India,

3

Hyderabad (Hyderabad),
404,225

C
E

2
2

CS
F 7

Flensburg, Germany, 60,926 C3 Florence, Italy, 232.860 E4 Foggia, Italy, 79,213 Frankfort-on-Main,Ger.,425,221..C 3 Frankfort-on-Oder,Ger.,66,133. .F 2
.

CI

Ibadan, Nigeria, 175,000
Indore, India, 92,993 Ipswich, England, 79,383 Irkutsk, Siberia, 129,700 Ispahan, Persia, 80,000 Ixelles, Belgium, 72,991

Fredericksberg,Denmark,104,815 G 9 *New Brunswick, Fredericton, B3 8,114
Freiburg,

C4 H4 H2 C2 D6

Germany, 88,136.
(Foochow),

Fuchau

.C 4 China,
. .

.

.

72 24 55 24
41 14

1,491,143 Furth, Germany, 67,923

H5 D4
. .

Galatz, Rumania, 73,512 J 4 .E 2 Gateshead, England, 124,514. Gaya, India, 67,759 Geneva, Switzerland, *L. of N. 171,000 B 2 Genoa, Italy, 300,139 (Penang), Straits Georgetown Settlements, 90,000 E6 Germiston, Transvaal, 42,218 Ghent (Gand), Belgium, 165,910. C 5 D1 Gij6n, Spain, 57,573 4 Glasgow, Scotland, 1 ,034,069 .... F 5 Gomel, Russia, 47,000 Gorlitz, Germany, 80,613 F 3 Gottenborg (Goteborg), Sweden, 8 202,366 E 4 Granada, Spain, 103,368 Gratz (Graz), Austria, 157,644.. .G 5 Great Grimsby (Grimsby), Eng., F 3 82.329 Greenock, Scotland, 81.120 Greenwich, England, 95.968 G5 Grenoble, France, 77,409 Grodno, Poland, 64,100 Groningen, Netherlands, 89,895. J 1

E4 B4
A3
D

50 28 36
56 60 21 39 17 32 25

India, (Jubbulpore), 100,651 C Jaipur, India, 120,196 Jassv, Rumania, 76,120 J Jehol (Chengte), China, 260,000. Jerez de laFrontera,Spain,67,076.C E Jerusalem, 'Palestine, 64,000. B Jodhpur, India, 73,480 Johannesburg, Transva.il,284,191 E A Jokjokarta, Java, 79,567 Joppa (Yafa), Palestine, 50,000. .E

Jabalpur

D4
3

H

2 2
3

Germany, 70,365 F 3 Lienkiang, China, 222.008 I 5 Lille (Lisle), France, 200,952 El Lima, 'Peru, 176,467 Limoges, France, 90,187 4 Linden, Germany, 83,045 Linz, Austria, 94,072 F 3 Lisbon, 'Portugal, 489,667 B 3 Liverpool, England, 803,118 D3 Lodz, Poland, 451,813 London, 'England, 4,483,249, 17,476,168 London, Ontario, 60,959 C5 F 4 Lorca, Spain, 74,696 Lubeck, Germay, 1 1 2, 1 70 2 H6 Lublin, Poland, 99,917 Lucca, Italy, 79,110 C3 Lucknow, India, 243,553 D3 Ludw.gshafen, Germany, 92,002 4 Lugansk, Ukraine, 21,000 F 4 Lyon, France, 561,592

B6 D C2

E6 F5
D

2S 55 23 62 22 24 35 39 14
31

IS 78 39 24
31

D G6

36 50 24 32 23
54
51

.

.

.

7
3

Macao, (Port.), China, 78,627.. .G 6 D6 Madras, India, 522,951
.

6
4 6

Madrid, 'Spain, 751.352

E

2

39
51

Kabul

Kagoshima, Japan, 102,396

27 39 35
14 17 15 23
31

D4 G4 Ki

'Afghanistan, (Cabul), F 2 150,000 J 8 H4 Kaifong, China, 972,391 H2 Kalgan, China, 62,979 Kanazawa, Japan, 129,320 Karachi (Currachee), India, 215,781 Karlsruhe, Germany, 137,577. .C 4 Kasan (Kazan), Russia, 195,300.. J 4 F 2 Kashgar, Sinkiang, 60,000 Kerbela, Mesopotamia, 65,000. J 6 D2 Kerman, Persia, 70,000 G6 Kertch, Russia, 55,883 6 Kharkof, Ukraine, 206,000

Madura, India, 138,894 C7 Madgeburg, Germany, 285,711.. .D 2 Mainz (Mayence), Ger., 108,513 D 4 D4 Malaga, Spain, 150,584 H9 Malmo, Sweden, 113,558 Manaos, Brazil, 80,931 F 4
.

Manchester, England, 730,551.

.

.E

3
3

Mandalay, Burma, 147,429
Manila, 'Phil.
Is.,

G

MS A4

.

.

.

.

G

B 2 285,306 Mannheim, Germany, 231,425... Marakesh (Morocco), Morocco, D2 87,800 F 4 Marash, Turkey, 65,000 D6 Marsala, Italy, 37,015 F 5 Marseille, France, 586,341 E 3 Mecca, 'Heiaz, 80,000 E 5 Mechlin, Belgium, 60,1 18 B 2 Medellin, Colombia, 79,146 122,567 C3 Merrut, India,

D4

24 24 39 27 63 14 45 56 24 58

Khatmandu (Katmandu), Nepal
80,000

Melbourne,

'Victoria,

103,269,

D3

20
41 83 62

t784,000

E7
D1

Grusswardein

(Nagy

Rumania, 64.169

Guadalajara, Mexico, Guayaquil, Ecuador, 93.851 Gwalior (Lashkar), India, 80,750
.

D2 119,468.. .. D 4
A C
.

Vdrad),

Kiaochau (Jap.), China 621,135.. I 3 ES Kief 'Ukraine 323,000
Kiel,

Mendoza, Argentina, 65,000
Mferida, Mexico, 62,447 Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, 80,161. Meshed, Persia, 70,000
.

D4 H4
.C S

Germany, 206,361

CI

Kyoto, Japan, 591,305
. .

L 6
.

4
3
3

50 20 24 20 53
14 72

Hague

E Haarlem, Netherlands. 76.853 B Hagen, Germany, 93.310 ('s Gravenhage), 'Nether. .

3

lands, 353.286

D3
.

Hakodate, Japan, 144.740 Halifax, England, 99,129 Hahfax, 'Nova Scotia, 58,372
Halle,

.

.

Germany, 183.768 Hamburg, Germany, 996,645....
729,948

E E E

3 3

4
3

D2

D4 Hamilton, Ontario, 114,151 Hangchau (Hangchow), China
Hankau
(Hankow),
China,

24 24 78 55
55 14

289,804 D3 Hanley, England, 66.255 Hanoi (Kesho), 'French IndoH3 China, 109.500 (Hannover) ,Germany, Hanover, C2 313.837 G4 Hanyang, China, 456.3 12 Harbin, Manchuria, 365.000 J 1 C2 Harburg, Germany, 65.940 G6 Hastings, England, 66.496 B 2 Havana, 'Cuba, 363.506 Havre (Le Havre), Fr., 163.374. .C 2 Heidelberg, Germany, 59,824 .... C 4 Helsingfors, 'Finland, 188,922. .E 5
.

H4 H4

L 2 Kishenef, Rumania, 114,100 .H 4 Kiungchau, China, 586,870.. Klausenburg (Kolozsvar, Cluj), E 3 Rumania, 60,808 L 6 Kobe, Japan, 608,628 G 1 Kokand, Turkestan, 118,854 B 5 Kolhapur, India, 48,122 Konigsberg, Germany, 264,502.. .J 1 Kostroma, Russia, 43,000 C4 Kovno, 'Lithuania, 80,000 Poland, Krakow, (Cracow), F 7 176,463 .G 2 Krasnoyarsk. Siberia. 87,500. Kremenchug, Ukraine. 63,000. .F 6 S Kursk, Ukraine, 75,000 7 Kutais, Georgia, 53,900 L 6 Kyoto, Japan, 591,305

H4

.

.

.

G H

E 5 Messina, Italy, 150,000 G2 Metz, France, 62,3 11 F 4 Mexico, 'Mexico, 1,080,000 Middlesbrough, England, 131,103F 2 B2 Milan, Italy, 663,059 E S Minsk, Russia, 104,000 C2 Modena, Italy, 70,416 Molenbeek (Molenbeek-St. Jean), Belgium, 66.813 Monastir (Bitolia), Jugo-Slavia, 59.856 J 6 F 3 Monterey. Mexico, 75,528 Montevideo, 'Uruguay, 361,950.. F 5 E 5 Montpellier, France, 81,548 E 5 Montreal, Quebec, 618,506

D6

Moscow
1,050,011

(Moskva),

'Russia,

G4

45

H6dmez6
60,854

VAsdrhely,

Hungary,

E
F
16,520,

3

Homs, Syria, 60,000 Hong Kong (Br.), China,

S

t625,166 1- 1 Honolulu, 'Hawaii, 81.900 Howrah, India, 157,594 ....V.V.'.Ei

G6

F 7 Lagos, 'Nigeria, 33400 B 2 Lahore, India 279.558 E 3 24 Lancha China, 368.608 via, 107,252 54 La Paz, 55 La Plat Argentina, 135,000.... F 4 „ 24 Lausanne, Switzerland, 68,533. .C 3 E 3 15 Leeds, England, 458,320 C3 86 Leghorn, Italy, 105,335 F4 22 Leicester, England, 234,190 3 24 Leiden, Netherlands, 65,635 E 3 29 Leipzig, Germany, 608,273 Leith, Scotland, 81.654 D3 FrP.nce, 71,783 33 Le Mans, K8 47 Ler^berK, Poland, 206,113 F 3 Leningrad, Russia. 705,000 ..E4 54 Leon, Mexico. 57,722 Libau (Libava), Latvia, 51,583... B 3 F 6 50 L.6ge. Belsium, 165,117

J 4 Mosul, Mesopotamia, 60,000 Mukden, Manchuria, 250,000.... I 2 G3 Mulhouse, France, 99,226 Germany, Mulheim-on-Ruhr,

D7

Multan, India. 86,251

,

.

B 2 Munich (Munchen),Ger..645,654. D 4 B 3 Munster, Germany, 100,729
Murcia, Spain, 141,175 Mysore, India, 83,932
Nagasaki, Japan, 176,554 Nagoya, Japan, 429,990

127,642

B

3

F4
6

C

D E4

H7 M6

C4 Nagpur, India, 149,522 H5 Nanchang, China, 899,539 G2 Nancv, France, 113,226 China, (Nankin), Nanking
902,441

H4
F 6

I

Nanning, China, 300,000

INDEX OF PRINCIPAL CITIES OP THE WORLD
Nintes, France, 183,704 C3 Naples, Italy, 697,917 E 4 New Arad, 63,166 C3 Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England,
274,955

141

E
'Guatemala,

1

New

Guatemala,

125,000

Newport, England, 92,369

Nice, France, 155,839 Niigata, Japan, 92,130 Nikolaief, Ukraine, 99,000 Nimes, France, 82,774 F Ningpo, China, 2,172,320 1 Nizhni-Novgorod, Russia, 99,800.J Northampton, England, 90,923 F Norwich, England, 120,653 Nottingham, England, 262,658.. .E Novorossisk, Russia, 16.897
.

DS G5 N5 F6
S 5

B

2

4
4

.

H4
4
7

G

Rawalpindi. India. 97,4.Si B 2 Reading, England, 92,274 F 5 Reggio nell'Emilie, Italy, 73,349 C 2 Regma, 'Saskatchewan, 34,432. .G 7 Reims (Rheims), France, 76,645 F 2 Rennes, France, 82,241 C2 Reval (Tallinn), 'Esthonia, 69,000 D2 ; Riga, 'Latvia, 245,000 D3 Rio de Jineiro, 'Brazil, 1,157,873J 8 Rome, 'Italy, 590,960 D4 Rosario, Argentina, 250,000 E 4 Rostock, Germany, 67,120 E 1 Rostof, Russia, 123,000 H6 Rotterdam, Netherlands,510,538.E 4 Roubaix, France, 113,265 E 1 Rouen, France. 123,712
Saarbriicken, 105,089
Sarre,

Tabriz, Persia, 200,000 B 1 Taganrog, Russia, 62,000 6 Taiyuen, Chma, 222,887 G3 lananarivo (Antananarivo),

G

48 32 54
61

D2
B4

Niirnberg (Nuremberg), many, 355,223

Ger-

D4
3

Germany,
.

Oberhausen, Germany, 99,082. Odessa, Ukraine, 500,000 Offenbach, Germany, 76,809 Oldham, England, 145,001

.

.B

F 6

C
E F B L

4
3

Omsk.

Siberia, 135.800

Oporto, Portugal, 203,981 Oran, Algeria, 141,156
Orel, Russia. 82,000 Orenburg, Russia, 74,000 Orleans. France, 76.645 Osaka. Japan. 1,252,972 Oslo, 'Norway 258,341

2 2

El G5
5

D3 G7
L 6

Osnabruck, Germany, 85,705 C2 Ottawa. Ontario, 'Canada, 107,843 J 2 Oxford, England, 57,052 E5
Padang, Sumatra. 47,607 Padua, Italy, 105,135
Paisley. Scotland, 84,837

C2 D4
A
4

A

4

Palembang, Sumatra, 61,000
Palermo, Italy, 345,891 Palma, Spain, 77,418 Panama, 'Panama, 61,369 Faoting, China, 406,886 Para (Belem), Brazil, 250,000.. Paris, 'France, 2,906.472 Patna, India, 120.109 Pavia. Italy. 40.729 Peking. 'China. 1,300,000 Pensa (Penza), Russia, 64,000. Perm. Russia, 47,000

D5 H3 D3 G3
.

.H4 E 2
E
.H
3

B2 G3
.

5

L 4

Pernambuco
216,484

(Recife),

Brazil,

KS

Perth, 'West. Australia, 64,174,

tl55,129 Perugia. Italy. 70,227 Peshawar, India, 93.884 Petrograd, Russia, 705.000 Pforzheim, Germany, 73,839 Piraeus, Greece, 133,482 Pisa, Italy, 67,285 Plauen. Germany, 105,639

B7 D3
B F
2
3

C
E
. .
.

4 F 6
3

C3
.C 6

Plymouth, England, 209.857

Plzen (Pilsen), Czecho-Slovakia, 88,447 B3

Pnom-Penh, French Indo-China,
54,621 Poltava, Ukraine, 59,000 F 6 Poona. (Puna), India, 176.671 B 5 Port-au-Prince. 'Haiti. 120,000. .D3 Porto Alegre. Brazil. 150.343 .G 4 Port Said, Egypt, 91.090 Portsmouth, England, 247,343 .F 6 Pozen (Poznan), Poland, 156,691. B 5 Potsdam. Germany, 59,614 E 2 Prague (Praha), 'Czecho-Slovakia, 676,476 Preston, England, 1 17.426 3 Puebia, Mexico, 120,000 F 4
.

H4

.

.

.

.

M2

.

C2 D

Quebec, 'Quebec, 95,193 Quito, 'Ecuador, 70,000

G4
B 4

Rangoon, Burma, 339,527 Ravenna, Italy, 74,161

G4 D2

Saharanpur, India, 62.850 C3 Saigon, Fr. Indo-China, 64,845.. .H 4 Saint Denis, France, 76,358 E 2 Saint Etienne, F"rance. 167.967.. .F 4 St. John, New Brunswick, 47,166 3 Salem, India, 52,217 Saloniki (Salonica), Gr., 170,195. F 3 Samara, Russia, 95.000 K5 Samarang, Java, 106,852 B 4 Samarkand, Turkestan, 89.697.. .F 1 San Luis Potosi. Mexico. 70,000.. E 3 San Salvador, 'Salvador, 80,756 2 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands (Sp.), 63,649 B 3 Santander, Spain, 72,469 El Santiago, 'Chile, 507,296 4 Santiago de Cuba, Cuba,62,083. .E 4 Santos, Brazil, 70,000 H2 Sao Paulo, Brazil, 504,300 H2 Sapporo, Japan, 102,571 02 Saragossa, (Zaragoza), Spain, 141,350 Saratof, Russia, 198,000 H5 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, 25,739 D 5 Schaerbeek, Belgium, 82,480.... Sendai, Japan, 122.720 O4 Seoul (Keijo). 'Chosen, 302,686.. 5 Sevastopol (Sebastopol), Russia, 68,000 .F 7 Seville, Spain, 205,527 D4 Shanghai, China, 1,538,500 I 4 Shaohing, China, 300,000 Sheffield, England, 490,724 E 3 Shimonoseki, Japan, 58,240 J 6 Sholapur, India, 61,345 C5 Siangtan, China, 300,000 G5 Simferopol, Russia, 62.000 F 7 Singan, China, 1.000,000 F 4 Singapore, Straits Settlements, 193,089 Sivas, Turkey, 65.000 F3 Skutari(Scutari),Turkev,100,000 B 2 Smolensk, Russia, 49,3()0 F 5 Smyrna, Turkey, 375,000 Sofia, 'Bulgaria. 154.431 B 3 Southampton, England. 160.997.. E 6 South Shields. England. 116.667 Spandau. Germany, 96,300 E 2 Spezia, Italy, 38,294 B 2 Srinagar, India, 141,631 B 2 Stettin, Germany. 233,255 F 2 Stockholm, 'Sweden, 419,429, L 7 t475,000 Stockport. England, 123.315 E 3 Strasbourg, France, 166.767 H2 Stuttgart, Germany, 311,250 C4 Subotica (Maria Theresiopel), Jugo-SIavia, 94,610 Suchau, China, 1,027,091 1 4 Sunderland, England, 159,100... E 2 Surabaya, Java. 160,801 B 4 Surakarta.Java, 137,882 A 4 Surat. India. 118,299 B 4 Swansea, Wales, 157,561 B 5 Sydney, 'New South Wales, 104,182, t897,640 F 7 Szegedin, Hungary, 109,896 3

'Madagascar, 63,1 15 14 Taranto, Italy. 50.914 F4 Tashkend. Turkestan, 271,665... F 2 Teheran. 'Persia. 220,000 01 Temesvar ( lemisoara), Rumania, 72,223 4 Tengchau, China, 277,865 1 3 Tientsin, Chma, 838,629 H3 Tiflis, Georgia, 346.766 17 Tokushima, Japan, 68,463 L 7 Tokyo ( Tokio), 'Japan,2,173,162 N 6 Tomsk, Siberia, 116,664 G2 Toronto, 'Ontario, 521,893 E 4 'loulon, France, 106.331 G5 Toulouse, France, 175,434 DS Tourcoing, France, 78.600 El Tours, France, 75,096 D3
Irichinopoli, India, 119,521 Trieste, Italy, 179.599 Tripoli, 'Tripoli (It.), 75,000.

37 44 48
41

C6
E
2

55 55 32 53 53 45 78 23 22 23 22
51

D C6

.

.

.H 2

A

Tsaritsyn, Russia, 65,900 J 6 Tsin, China, 186,036 F 4 Tsinan, China, 621,039 3 Tsmgtau (Chingtao, Tsingtao), China, 308,738 13 Tucuman, Argentina. 100,000 D3 Tula, Russia. 125,000 Tunis, 'Tunis, 170,381 HI Turin, Italy, 427,106 A2 Tver, Russia, 59,300 G4

36 58 32
54 55

H

G5

55 64 32 58 36 32 32 20

D

Ufa. Russia. 58.000 Utrecht, Netherlands, 140,189.

L
.

5

.F 3

F2

E6

G

Valencia, Spain, 243,783 3 Valladolid, Spain, 76,791 2 Valparaiso, Chile, 182,242 C4 Vancouver, Br. Columbia,117,217 J 13 Venice, Italy, 168.039 2 Verona, Italy, 79,213 C2 Victoria, 'Br. Columbia,38,727...J14 Vienna (Wien), 'Austria, 1,841,-

G D

D

39 39 64 82 36 36 82 35
31

326
Vilna, Poland, 168,000 Vitebsk, Russia, 81,000 Vladikavkas, Russia, 76.225

H3
L
3

F 4

H5

Vladivostok. Siberia. 91.464 Voronezh, Russia, 65,000
Walsall, England. 96.964

GS

7 J 2

H

32 32 45 32

E 4 IS
F S
31

Warsaw. 'Poland, 931,176

A3

A3 E2

Wellington, 'New Zealand, 107,488 Wenchau, China, 1.738,994 West Bromwich, Eng., 73,761.. .D West Hartlepool, Eng., 68,689. F Wiesbaden, Germany, 97,786. .C Windsor, Ontario, 38,591 B
. .
.

H8 H5
4
2
3 5 5

57 55 15
14

.

.

Winnipeg, 'Manitoba, 179,087... Wolverhampton, England,
102,373

D

24 78 79
14 54 54 55 24

Wuchang, China, 597,967 Wuchau. China, 348,220

Wuhu, China, 235,550
Wurzburg, Germany, 87,055
Yaroslaf, Russia, 72,000

D4 H4 G6 H4 D4
G
4

32 55 53 14 54 32 28 24

Yenping
196,163

(Yanphing),

China,

G2

HS

Yokohama, Japan, 422,942
York, England, 84,052

N6
F
3

.

Yunnan, China, 275,374
Zhitomir, Ukraine, 80,787
Zurich, Switzerland, 207,161

E6
E E
5

G2
3

D

Zwickau, Germany, 69,189

INDEX OF

CITIES

AND TOWNS OF UNITED STATES
1920
=

CENSUS
Capitals of States are in capital letters.

The following list names in alphabetical order approximately all places in the United States having one thousand or more inhabitants and some of smaller size, locally important. Ihe index references enclosed in parentheses, indicate The numerals at the extreme right of column are the 1920 census location of city or village on the accompanying maps.
figures or recent official estimates of population.

Population of township.

ALABAMA

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
CALIFORNIA,

144

.

.

.

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
ILLINOIS,
.

145

Cont'd

ElTingh:un(D4)..

Belleville (C5).... 24,823 Bellewood (E2) . . 1,881 Belvidere(I)l).... 7.804 1,663 Bement(D4)

Benld(C4) Benton (DS)

3,316
7,101

Berwyn(E2)
Bloornington

14,150

28,725 (D3) Blue Island (E2)..l 1,424 2,128 Bradley (E2) 1,297 Braid wood (D2)
.

Breese (C5) Bridgeport (ES)... . Brookfteld (E2) Brooklyn (B5) Brookport (D6) ..
.

.

2,399 2,229 3,589
1,685 1,098 1,827

Buckner(D6)
Bushnell(B3)

2,716 15,203 Cairo (C6) CambridKe(B2)... 1,335 10,927 Canton (C3) 6,267 Caroondale (C6) 5,212 CarlinviUe (C4) 2,027 Carlyle(CS) 2,667 Carmi (D5) Carpentersville 1,036 (Dl) Carriers Mills 2,343 (D6) (B4) 2,020 Carrollton 3,404 Carterville (D6) 2,129 Carthape (A3; 2,189 Casey (E4) Central City (C5).. 1,248
.

.

.

.

.

Centralia(C5).... 12.491 Champaign (D3) .15.873 6,615 Charleston (D4)
.

Chatsworth(D3).. 1.087

Chenoa(D3)

1,311

1.265 Cherry (C2) 2.904 Chester (C6> Chicago (E2).. 2,701,705 Chicago Heights

19,653 (E2) -' Chillicothe(C3)... 1

Chrisman (E4)..

.

.

1,101

Christopher (C6).. 3,830 44.995 Cicero (E2) 5 Clinton (D3) Coal City (D2).... 1,744 1,387 Colchester (B3) 9,753 CollinsviUe (C5)

Columbia

(B5)..

Crystallake(Dl)

Cuba(B3)
Dallas City (A3) Danville (E3) Decatur (C4)
. .

1,592 2,249 1,484 1,140 33.776 43,81"
7,87

DeKalb(D2)

1,19 DeIavan(C3) 2,525 Depue(C2) DesPlaines(El).. 3,451 Divemon(C4).... 2,382 8,191 Dixon (C2)

2.076 Dorrisville(D6)... 1,740

Dolton (E2)

Downers Grove
(D2)

Dundee (Dl) Duquoin(C5) Dwight (D2)
Earlville (C2)

3,543 4,100 7,285 2,255
1,012

East Alton (B5)... 1,669 East Dubuque
(Bl)

East East East East

Dundee (Dl).
Peoria (C3) Saint Louis
.

1,163 1,303

Moline(B2).. 8,675
.

2,214 66,767

(,B5)

Edwardsville (CS). 5,336

146

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
C<mt'd

. 2,335 1,197 6,711 10.962 Madison (F7) 23,747 Marion (E3) 3,499 Martinsville (D6) . 4,895 (F2) 1,200 Columbus (E6) .. . 8,990 Mecca (B5) 9,901 Michigan City Connersville (F5) 19,457 1,049 (Bl) Converse (E3) 1,785 Middletown(F4).. 1,273 Corydon (D8) Covington (B4) .. . 1,945 Mishawaka(Dl) .15,195 3,025 Mitchell (C7) Crawfordsville 1,357 10,139 Monon(C3) (C4) Crothersville (E7). 1,131 Montezuma (B5).. 1,178 Crown Point (B2) 3,232 Monticello(C3)... 2,536 1,080 Montpelier(F3)... 2,297 Culver (D2) 1,729 Mooresville (DS).. 1,781 Danville (C5) 1,064 4,762 Morocco (B3) Decatur (G3) 2,087 Mt. Vernon (A9) . 5,284 Delphi (C3) 36,524 1,679 Muncie(F2) Dugger(B6) 2,678 2,532 Nappanee (D2) Dunkirk (F4) E. Chicago (Bl)... 35,967 National Military 2,300 Home(E3) 1,214 Eaton (F4) Edinburg(D6).... 2,376 New Albany 22,992 24,277 (E8) Elkhart (El) 10,790 Newburg (B9) . . . 1,295 Elwood(E4) Evansville(AS)...85,264 Newcastle (F5) . . 14,458 1,000 New Harmony Ewing(D7) 1,126 (A8) Fairmount(E4)... 2,155 Farmersburg (A6). 1,141 New Haven (G2).. 1,237 1,441 Noblesville (E4) .. 4,758 Flora (D3) Fort Branch (A8) . 1,339 No. Judson (C2) .. 1,189 1,213 North Manchester Fortville (E5) 2,711 (E2) Fort Wayne (F2) .86,549 3,084 1,442 No. Vernon (E6) Fowler (B3) Frankfort (C4)....l 1,585 Notre Dame (Dl). 1,200 4,909 Oakland City (B8) 2,270 Franklin (D6) 1,408 Frenchlick (C7) .. 1,980 Orleans (C7) 1,093 4,796 Osgood (F6) Garrett (F2) 55,378 Owensville(A8)... 1,239 Gaiy(Bl) 1,520 Gas City (E3) ... , 2,870 Paoli(C7) 1,244 Goodland(B3).... 1,120 Pendleton (E4) .. 12,410 9,525 Peru(D3) Goshen (El) 3,780 Petersburg (B7)... 2,367 Greencastle (C5) . . Greenfield (E5) .. . 4,168 Pierceton(E2).... 1,018 5,345 Plainfield (D5).... 1,373 Greensburg (F6) . 4,338 GreentowQ (E4)... 1,163 Plymouth (D2) 5,958 Greenwood (D5) . 1,907 Portland (04) Hagerstown(F5)... 1,238 Princeton (A8).... 7,132 1,386 Hammond (Bl) ..36,004 Redkey(F4) Harmony (B6).. .. 1,200 Remington (B3) . 1,044 2,912 Hartford Cy. (F4). 6,183 Rensselaer (B3) Hessville(Bl).... 1,480 Richmond (G.5)... 26,765 3,450 Ridgeville (04) . . 1,042 Hobart(Bl) 1,183 Rising Sun (07).., 1,411 Hope(E6) 2,100 Rochester (D2) .. . 3,720 Howell (A9) Huntingburg (B8). 3,261 Rockport(B9).... 2,581 Huntington (E3) .14,000 Rockville(B5).... 1,968 1,599 Rushville(F5).,,. 5,498 Hymera(B6) . 1,400 St. Paul (E6) Indiana Harbor 2,836 9,000 Salem (D7) (Bl) Scottsburg(E7).., 1,609 INDIANAPOLIS 314,194 Seymour (E7) 7,348 (D5) 1,814 Tasonville(B6).... 4,461 Shelbum(B6) 2.539 Shelbyville(ES)... 9,701 Jasper (C8) Sheridan (D4) ... 1,761 Jeilersonville 10,098 Shirley (E5) 1,079 (E8) 1,034 Jonesboro (E4) ... 1,429 Shoals (C7) Kendallville(F2).. 5.273 South Bend (Dl) .70,983 1,283 South Whitley (E2).l, 074 Kentland(B3) 2,066 Knightstown (E5) 1,918 Spencer (C6) 4,489 1,577 Sullivan (B6) Knox(C2) 30,067 Summitville(E4).. 1,001 Kokomo(D3) 1,171 1,010 Syracuse (E2) Ladoga (C5) Tell City (C9) .... 4,086 LaFayette(C4)...22,486 Lagrange (Fl).... 1,610 Terre Haute (B6). 66,083 1,079 Thomtown(C4) .. 1,432 Lapel (E4) 4,507 15,158 Tipton (E4) Laporte(Cl) Tolleston(Bl).... 1,000 Lawrenceburg 3,466 Union City (04) .. 3,406 (G6) 6,257 Universal (A5).... 1,570 Lebanon (C4) 1,301 Liberty (F5)...,,, 1,292 Upland (F3) Ligonier(E2)..... 2,037 Valparaiso (B2).... 6,518 1,580 5,856 Veedersburg (B4) Linton (B6) 1,175 (D3) .21.626 Vevay(F7) Logansport

INDIANA,

Loogootee (C7)
Lowell (B2)

.

.

Clmton(B5) Columbia City

.

2,684 Vincennes(.\7)...17,160 Forest City (Dl).. 2,145 Osceola (D3) 9,872 Fort Dodge (C2).. 19,347 Oskaloosa (E3) ... 9,427 Wabash (E3) 23,003 Ottumwa(E4) Wa!kerton(D2)... 1,033 Fort Madison 1,108 1,520 (F4) 12,066 Parkersburg (E2) Warren (F3) 3,338 Warsaw (E2) 5,478 Garner (Dl) 1,311 Pella(E3) 5,642 Washington (B7).. 8,743 Olenwood (B3) .. 3,862 Perry (03) 1,302 1,375 Pocahontas (C2) Waterloo (02) ... . 1,172 Greene (E2) 5,578 W. Lafayette (C4) 3,830 Greenfield (C3) .. . 1,707 Redoak(B3) . 1,415 5,362 Reinbeck (E2) W. Terre Haute(A6)4,310 Orinnell(E3) 1,144 1,264 Remsen(A2) Whiting (Bl) 10,145 Oriswold(B3) Williamsport (B4). 1,088 Orundy Cen. (E2). 1,749 Rock Rapids (A 1). 2,172 Winamac(C2) 1,684 Guthrie Cen. (C3). 1,727 Rock Valley (Al).. 1,347 (F2) Rockwell City 1,666 Winchester (04) . . 4,021 Outtenberg
. . . . . . . .

.

2,017 (C2) Winslow(B8) 1,140 Hamburg (B4) Worthington (C6). 1,853 Hampton (D3).... 2,992 Rolfe(C2)

2,039
1,031

IOWA
Ackley (D2) Adel(C3)
1,529 1,445 1,324 Akron (A2) Albia(E3) 5,067 .'>ilgona(Cl) 3,724 1,290 .\lta(B2) 6,270 Ames(D2) Anamosa(F2) 2,881 Anita (C3) 1,236 5,329 Atlantic (B3) Audubon (C3) ... . 2,108 Avoca(B3) 1,482 Bedford (C4) 2,073 Belle Plaine (E3) . 3,887 Bellevue(G2)..,.. 1,663 Belraond(D2).... 1,797 Bettendorf (03)... 2,178 Bloomfield (E4)... 2,064 Boone (D2)... ...12,451 Brighton (F3) ... . 1,014 1,619 Britt(Dl) Brooklyn (E3).... 1,533 Burlington (F4)... 24,057
. .

Harlan (B3)
Hartley (Bl)

.

. . . .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Bu.xton(E3)
Carroll (C2)

4,300 4,254

.

1,249 Cascade (021 Cedar Falls (E2).. 6,316 Cedar Rapids

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

,

45,566 (F3^ Centerville(E4)... 8,486 Chariton (D3) .. 5,175 Charles City (El) . 7,350 Cherokee (B2) ... 5,824 Cincinnati (D4)... 1,301 Clarinda(B4;..... 4,511 Clarion (D2) 2,826 2,804 Clear Lake (Dl) Clinton (0.3) .24,151 Colfa.x(D3) 2,504 Coon Rapids (C3) 1,328 Corning fC4) .... 1,840 Correctionville (B2) 1,016 Corydon (D4) ... 1,867 Council Bluffs (B3) 36,162 Cresco(El) 3,195 8,034 Creston(C3) Davenport (03).. .56,727 4,039 Decorah(Fl) Denison(B2) 3,581
. .

.

.

.

,

.

.

DES MOINES
(D3)
126.468
1,849 1,145

DeWitt(03)

Dows(D2) Dubuque (02)
Dunlap(B3)
Dyersville (02)
.

39,141
. .
. .

1,455 1,933

Eaglegrove (D2)

Eldon(E4) Eldora(D2) Elkader(F2)

4,433 2,091 3,189
1,223

.

Emmetsburg (CI) 2,762 Estherville(Cl)... 4.699 Fairfield (F3) .... 5,948 Farminpton (F4)... 1,086 Fayette (F2) 1.085

1,497 1,746 1,106 3,488 Humboldt (C2) .. . Shenandoah (B4).. 5,255 Humeston (D4) Idagrove(B2) 2,020 Sibley (Bl).,..... 1,803 Independence (F2) 3,672 Sidney (B4)...... 1,154 2,210 Indianola(D.?).... 3,628 Sigourney(E3) .. Iowa City (F3)....l 1,2 67 Sioux Center (.Al) 1,387 Iowa Falls (D2) . 3,954 Sioux City (A2).... 7 1,227 4.599 3,416 Spencer (CI) Jefferson (C2) 1,701 1,090 Spirit Lake (Bl) Jewell (D2) 14,423 Storm Lake (B2). 3,658 Keokuk (F4) Knoxville (D3) ... 3,523 Story City (D2)... 1,591 Lake City (C2) ... 2,110 Strawberry Point (F2) 1,101 Lake Mills (Dl)... 1,529 1,716 Lamoni(D4) 1,787 Stuart (C3) 1,511 1,447 Sumner (E2) Lansing (Fl) 1,186 Laporte City (E2). 1,443 Tabor (B4) 2,601 1,090 Tama(E3) Lehigh (C2) 2,142 4,683 Tipton (F3) Lemars(A2) 1,604 Leno.t(C4) 1,197 Toledo (E2) 1,329 2,193 Traer(E2) Leon(D4) 1,637 Vallyjct. (D3).... 3,631, Logan (B3) 2,111 5,000 Villisca(B4) Lyons (03) 3,381 McGregor (F2) .. . 1,289 Vinton (E2) 1,480 1,783 Wapello (F3) Madrid (D3) 4,697 1,195 Washington (F3) Malvern (B4) Manchester (F2) 3,111 Waterloo (E2).... 36,230 2,359 1,476 Waukon(Fl) Manly (Dl) 3,352 1,863 Waverly (E2) Manning (B3) Manilla (B3) 1,142 Webster City (D2) 5,657 Burlington (F4) 1,212 Manson(C2) 1,409 W. Mapleton(B2).... 1,367 West Liberty (F3). 1,834 Maquoketa (02) . 3,626 West Union (F2) . . 1,777 1,091 Whatcheer(E3;... 1,626 Marcus (B2) 2,048 Williamsburg (E3) 1,251 Marengo (E3) 4,138 Wiltonjct. (F3)... 1,178 Marion (F2) Winterset(C3).... 2,906 Marshalltown 1,463 15,731 Woodbine (B3) .. (E2) Mason City (Dl).. 20,065 Melcher(D3) 1,582 4,895 .\bilene(E3) Missouri Valley 789 3,985 Alma(F2) (B3) 1,016 Montezuma (E3).. 1,273 Altoona(G4) 2.740 2,257 Anthony (D4) Monticello (F2) 1,175 1,387 .\rcadia(H4) Moulton(E4) 1,738 Arkansas City Mount Ayr (C4) 11,253 (F4) Mt. Pleasant (F4). 3,987 2,180 1,466 Arma(H4) Mt. Vernon (F3) 1,147 .Muscatine (F3)... 16,068 Ashland (04) 12,630 2,796 Atchison (02) Mystic (E4) 4,219 Nashua (E2). ,, .. 1,317 Augusta (E4) 2,668 Baldwin City (0,3) 1,137 Nevada (D2) 3,608 Baxter Sprs.(H 5) New Hampton 839 2,539 Belle Plaine (E4)... (El) New London (F4) 1,144 Belleville (E2).... 2,254 3,315 New Sharon (E3).. 1,084 Beloit(D2) Blue Rapids (F2).. 1,534 6,627 Newton (D3) Nora Springs (El). 1,055 Bonner Sprs. (02). 1,626 835 Northwood(Dl).. 1,597 Bucklin (04) 1,188 Burlingame (03) . 1,330 Oakland (B3) 1,445 Burlington (03)... 2,236 Odebolt(B2) 2,191 7,455 Caldwell (E4) 0elwein(E2) 3,427 1,451 Caney (F5) 0gden(C2) 2,256 CedarVale(F4)... 1,044 Onawa(A2) 10,286 Orange City (A2).. 1,632 Chanute(G4) 2.878 Cherokee (H4).... 1,091 Osage (El)

Hawarden(Al)...
Holstein(B2)

.

.

2,821 1,306 2,491 1,248 2,232 1,214

Sac City (B2) Sanborn (Bl) Seymour (D4) ... Sheffield (D2) Sheldon (Bl).....
.

2,630

.

.

.

.

.

.

,

.

.

KANSAS

.

,

.

.

.

.

.

. . .

148

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
MAINE,
Cont'd

"3,280 Winterport (B4) .."1,433 "2,152 Winthrop(.A4)... "1,90." Machiasport (D4) "l.in Wiscasset(B5).... "1,192 Madawaska (CI).. "1,933 Yarmouth (A5) .. ."2,216 3,729 Yarmouthville Madison (B4) (A5) 1,600 Mapleton(C2)... "1,128 MareHill(C2)... "1,783 York Village (A5) . 1,100

Winslow(B4)

Machias(D4)

Mechanic Falls
"1,614 "3,242 Mexico (A4) Mi!lbridge(D4)... "1,196 Millinocket(C3).. "4,528 1,000 Milltown(D3).. "2 Milo(B3) Monmouth (B4) "1,372 "1,079 Monson(B3) Monticello(D2)... "1,268 Mt. Desert (C4)... "1,49 New Gloucester "1.384 (A5) Newport (B4) .. "1,709

(A4)

MARYLAND
Aberdeen (F2)
1,067

ANNAPOLIS
(E3) 11,214 Arlington (E2).. .. 1,000 Baltimore (E2) .733,826 Barton (B4) 765 Belair(Fl) 1,091 Berlin (H4) 1,366

.

.

.

.

Boonsboro(Cl)... 1,044 Brunswick (C2).... 3,905 Cambridge (F3)... 7,467
Capitol Heights (E3)
.

Norridgewock
(B4)

"1,532

1,194
.

North Anson (B4). 1,200 Catonsville (E2) No. Berwick (A5) ."1,652 Center\'ille(F2)..
2,208 Norway (A4) Oakland (B4).... "2,473 Old Orchard (A5) "1,164 6,956 OIdtown(C4) "3,133 Orono(C4)

4,500
1,765 2,537 1,500

.

Chestertown (F2)
Cockeysville (E2) Crisfield(G5)

. .

4,116

Cumberland CC4) 29,837
Deal Island (G4)
.

2,000
1,291

Orrin?ton(C4)...."l,174 Delmar (G4) Parsonsfield(A5).. "1,062 Denton (G3)
"1,498 Patten (C3) "1,168 Pembroke (D4) "1,146 Perry (D4) (B4) 2,146 Pittsfield "1,399 Poland (A4) Portland (A5).... 69,272 PresqueIsle(C2).. 3,452 "1,091 Princeton (D3) Randolph (B4).... "1,145 Richmond (B4)... "1,724 Rockland (B4).... 8,109 ."1,774 Rockport (B4) 7,016 Rumford (A4)
.

.

Easton (F3) Eastport(F3) Eckhart Mines
(C4)

1,570 3,442 1,500

.

.

.

.

Elkton(Gl)
Ellicott City (E2)
.

1,700 2,660 1,246

Emmitsburg(Dl).

940

Federalsburg (G3). 1,288 Frederick (D2).. .. 11,066 Frostburg (B4) .. 6,017
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Saco(AS) (Fl) St. Agatha (CI) .."1,669 St. Albans (B4)... "1,207 Hurlock(G3) "1,654 HyattsviUe (E3) St. George (B4) Sanford(A5). ..."10,691 KiUmiller (B4)
.
.

Hagerstown (CI). .28,064 Hamilton (E2).... 1,500 Hancock (Bl) 972 6,817 Havre de Grace
4,377 1,075 2,675 1,044 2,239 2,054

.

.

.

.

.

Northeast (Gl) .. So. Berwick (A5)... 2,955 Oakland (A4) 1,793 Oxford (F3) South Paris (A4) So. Portland (A5).. 9,254 Pikesville(E2).... So. Windham (A5) 1,200 Pocomoke City (G4) Springvale(A5)... 2,300 "1,735 Port Deposit (Fl). Standish(A5) Princess Anne Stockton Springs (G4) 1,175 (C4) Stonington(C4)... "1,353 Reisterstown (E2) "1,132 Relay (E2) Sullivan (C4) Tenants Har.(B5). 1,700 Rockville(D2).... Thomaston (B4) "2,019 St. Michaels (F3).. Topsham(B5)...."2,102 Salisbury (G4).... "1,029 Savage (E2) Tremont(C4) "1,382 Snow Hill (H4) ... Turner (A4) "1,133 Sparrows Point Union (B4) (F2) Vassalboro(B4)... "1,936 Vanburen (CI). ..."4,594 Takoma Park (D3)
.
. .

SaDgerville(B3)..." 1,246 Scarboro(A5).... "1,832 Searsport(C4).... "1,373 "1,131 Shennan (C3) Skowhegan(B4).. "5,981 "1,054 Solon (B4)
.

Laurel (E2)

.

.

Lonaconing (C4) Midland (B4) Mt. Rainier (E3). Mt. Savage (C4)
.
.

910
.
.

2,462 3,600 1,112 1,225

998

UOO
2,444 1,090

968
1,000 1,000 1,145 1,347 7,553 1,000 1,684

Vinalhaven(C4).. "1,965 Texas (E2)
VValdoboro(B4)... "2,426 Thurmont (Dl).. Wallagrass (CI). .."1,144 Towson (E2) "1,500 Union Bridge (Dl) Wan-en (B4) Washburn (C2) .. 1,870 Western Port (B4) Waterville(B4)... 13,351 "1,943 Westminster (El). W'ells(A5)
.

4,800 3,168 1,000
1,074

3,700
1,082 3,971 3,521 1,000 1,615

.

Westbrook(AS)... 9.453 Westport (E2)

.

.

.

Waton(A4)

"2,505 Williamsport (CI)

Medway(E2) "2,956 Melrose (E2) 18,204 Merrick (B2) 1,300 "12,967 Essex (Fl) "1,47 Merrimac(El)...."2,173 .'^dams(Al) ."5,023 Everett (E2) (B2) 40,120 Methuen(El). .."15,189 .'Vgawam ."7,291 MiddIeboro(F3).. "8,453 Amesbury (El).. "10,036 Fairhaven (F3) Amherst (C2).. .. "5,550 Fall River (E3) 120,485 Middleton (El)... "1,195 Andover(El).. .. "8,268 Falmouth (F3)... "3,500 Milford(D2).... "13,471 "5,653 Arlington (E2).. ."18,665 FiskdaIe(C2) 1,200 Millbury (D2) "1,485 Fitchburg(Dl)... 41,029 Millis(E2) Ariington Heights 2,200 Florence (B2) 2,400 Millville (D2) 2,224 (E2) "4,136 Milton (E2) "9,382 Ashbumham (Dl) "2,012 Foxboro(E2) "2,287 Framingham (E2)"17,033 Mittineague (B2) Ashland (E2) 3,000 "6,497 Monson(C2) "4,826 "9,792 Franklin (E2) Athol (CI) Attleboro(E3).... 19,731 Gardner (CI).. ."16,9 Montague (Bl). .."7,675 "3,891 Georgetown (Fl).. "2,004 Nahant(F2) "1,318 Auburn (D2) Aubumdale (E2) 2,500 Gilbertville (C2) 2,250 Nantucket (G4).. "2,797 "2,176 Globe Village (C2). 2,300 Natick (E2) "10,907 Avon(E2) "3,052 Gloucester (Fl).. 22.947 Needham(E2)....^,012 Ayer(Dl) "6 Baldwinsville (CI) 1,700 Grafton (D2) Needham Heights Barnstable (G3)... "4,836 Graniteville (El)... 1,200 (E2) 1,700 "3,357 Great Barrington New Bedford Barre(C2) "1,362 121,217 Bedford (El) 6,315 (E3) (.42) "1,303 Belchertown (B2) "2,058 Greenfield (Bl). ."15,462 Newbury (Fl) "2,185 Newburyport Bellingham(D2).."2,102 Groton(Dl) (Fl) 15,618 Belmont (E2).... "10,749 Groveland(Fl)..."2,650 "2,784 Newton (E2) Beverly (Fl) 46,054 22,561 Hadley (B2) Beverly Farms Hamilton (Fl).. ."1,631 Newton Center "2,575 950 Hanover (F2) (Fl) (E2) 6,000 "1,900 Newton Highlands "3,646 Hanson (F2) Billerica(El) Blackstone(E2)... "4,299 Hardwick(C2).... "3,085 (E2) 3,000 "2,546 Newton Lower Falls Bondsville (C2) 1.750 Harvard (Dl) "1.846 BOSTON (F2)... 748,060 Harwick(G3) (E2) 1,200 "2,530 Hatfield (B2) ... "2,651 Newton Upper Falls Bourne (F3) (E2) 2,500 Braintree(F2)... "10,580 Haverhill (El).. .53,884 Bridgewater(F3).. "8,438 Haydenville(B2).. 1,100 Newtonville(E2).. 6,200 "1,159 Brockton (E2).... 66,254 Hingham(F2)...."5,604 Norfolk (E2) Brookfield(C2)..."2,216 Hinsdale (A2) .. . "1,065 No. Abington (F2) 2,800 Brookline(E2)... "37,748 Holbrook(F2)... "3,161 No. Adams (Al) .22,282 "2,970 Northampton Byfield (Fl) 880 Holden(D2) "2,707 . Cambridge (E2).. 109,694 Holliston (E2) (B2) 21.951 "5,945 Holyoke(B2) 60,203 No. Andover (El) ."6,265 Canton (E2) Chatham (G3).. ."1,737 Hopedale(D2).... "2,777 No. Attleboro (E3)"9,238 Chelmsford (El).. "5 ,682 Hopkinton(E2).. "2,289 Northboro(D2)... "1.753 2,200 Northbridge (D2)"10,174 Chelsea (E2) 43,184 Housatonic (A2) Cherry Valley Hudson (D2) ... . "7,607 North Brookfield "1.771 "2,610 (D2) 1,200 Hull(F2) (C2) Cheshire (A 1).... "1,476 Huntington (B2) "1,425 North Chelmsford "1,302 Hyannis(G3) (El) Chester (B2) 2,000 1,700 Chicopee(B2) 36,214 Indian Orchard No. Cohasset (F2). 1,400 7,500 North Dartmouth Chicopee Falls (C2) "6,201 900 (F3) (B2) 8,500 Ipswich (Fl) 900 No. Dighton (E3) 900 Cliftondale (E2) .3,500 Jefferson (D2) .... "2,505 No. Easton (E2) .. 3,200 Clinton (D2).... "12,979 Kingston (F3) "1,419 Northfield(Cl)..."1.77S Cochituate(E2)... 1,300 Lakeville (F3) "2,639 Lancaster (D2) .."2,461 No. Grafton (D2) 2,000 Cohasset(F2) "1,607 Lanesville (Fl) .. Colerain(Bl) 1,000 North Leominster (Dl) 900 CoUinsville (El).. 1,200 Lawrence (El).... 94,2 70 "4,085 No. Plymouth (F3). 900 "6,461 Lee(.A2) Concord (E2).. 1,100 No. Scituate (F2) 1,100 Concord Jet. (E2) 1,850 Leeds (B2) "3,635 No. Wobum (El) "3,752 Leicester (D2) .. 2,000 Dalton(A2) "2,691 Norton (E3) "2,374 Danvers(Fl).. ."11,108 Lenox (A2) "1.348 19,744 Norwell(F2) Danversport (Fl) 1,000 Leominster (Dl) ."6,350 Norwood (E2)... "12,627 Dartmouth (E3) "6,493 Le.xington (E2) "1,042 Oak Bluffs (F4)... "1,047 Dedham(E2).... "10,792 Lincoln (E2) 1,400 Onset (F3) 1 .600 Deerfield(Bl)... "2,803 Linwood(D2) "5 393"1,536 Littleton (Dl).... "1,277 Orange (CI) Dennis (G3) "3.820 Dighton(E3).... "2,574 Longmeadow(B2). "2,618 0.xford(D2) "9.896 112,759 Palmer (C2) Douglass (D2).... "2,181 Lowell (El) "7,470 Peabody(Fl).... "19,552 "5,280 Ludlow (C2) Dracut(El) "3,701 Luenburg(Dl).. "1,634 Pembroke (F2) ..."1,358 Dudley (D2) "1,533 Lvnn(F2) 99,148 Pepperell(Dl)... "2,468 Duxbury (F2) 49,103 Pittsfield (A2).... 41, 763 E. Braintree (E2).. 1,200 Maiden (E2) "1,365 Manchaug(D2).. 1,600 Plainville (E2) East Bridgewater "3,486 Manchester (Fl).. "2,466 Pl>-mouth(F3).... 13,045 (F2) 3,800 Mansfield (E2)... "6,255 Provincetown (G2)"4,246 E. Dedham (E2) 47,876 E. Douglass (D2).. 1,500 Marblehead (Fl) "7,324 Quincy(E2) "1.288 Randolph (F2).... "4,756 Easthampton(B2)"ll,261 Marion (F3) "1,695 E. Lexington (E2) . 840 Marlboro (D2).... 15,028 Raynham (E3) "7,439 East Milton (E2).. 2,000 Marshfield(F2).... "1,379 Reading (El) 2,400 Matupoisett (F3)."l,277 Rehobotb(E3)...."2,065 E. Pepperell(Dl) E.Saugus(F2).... 960 Maynard(D2)... "7.086 Revere (F2) 28.823
. . .
.
.

900 MASSACHUSETTS E. Taunton (E3) E. Walpole(E2)... 900 "5,787 E.We>Tiiouth(F2). 4,000 Abington (E2) "2,162 Edgartown(F4)... "1,190 Acton (E2) "1,295 Acushnet(F3).... "3.075 Erving(Cl)
.

.

Medfield(E2).... "3,595 Medford(E2) 39,038

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iSb

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
Cont'd

MINNESOTA,

. .

.

INDEX OF
MONTANA,
Cont'd
.

tJNITEt) StATfiS

151

Loup City (E3)

.

Marysville(D3)... 2,000 Miles City (L3) . 7,937 Missoula (B3) 12, Mondak(Ml) 400 Moore (G3) 355 Philipsburg (C3) 1,724 Plains (B2) 452 Plenty wood (Ml) . Poison (B2) 1,132 Poplar (LI) 1,1S2
.

RedLodw(G4)... Roundup (113)
Sandcoulcc (E2)
.

Scobey (LI) Shelby (Dl)
Sheridan (D4) Sidney (M2) Stanford (G2)
Stevcnsville (B3).. Stockett (F2) Terry (L3) Three Forks (E3).. Townsend (E3) ...

4,515 2,434 1,000 1,170

537 538
1,400

300 744
1,100

794
1,071

Troy(Al) Twin Bridges (D4)
Valier(Dl)

897 763 755 613

Virginia City (E4) 342 Walkerville (D3).. .2,391 Whitcflsh(Bl) 2,867 Whitehall (D4) ... 629

White Sulphur
Springs (F3)....

574
61

Wibaux (M3)
Wolfpoint (LI)

2,098

NEBRASKA
Ainsworth (E2) Albion (F3)
Alliance (A2)
.

. .

Alma(E4)
Ashland (H3)

1,508 1,978 4,591 1,058
1,725

Auburn

(J4)

Aurora (F4) Bayard (A3)

Beatrice (H4) Blair (H3) Bloomfield(G2)... 1,431 Bridgeport (A3)... 1,235

2,863 2,962 2,127 9,664 2,702

Brokenbow (E3) Cambridge (D4)

. .

.

.

2,567 1,042

Central City (F3). 2,410 Chadron(B2) 4,412 Collegeview(H4).. 2,249 Columbus (G3) .. . 5,410

Cozad(D4)
Crawford (A2)
Creighton (F2).... Crete (G4) David City (G3) . Dundee (H3)
.

1,293

1,646 1,446 2,445 2,216
1,023 5,454

Fairbury(G4)

Falls City (J4) .... 4,930

Fremont (H3)
Friend (G4)
Fullerton (F3) Geneva (G4) Genoa (G3)

9,605 1,263
1,595 1,768 1,069 2,508

Gering(A3)

Gordon (B2) 1,581 Gothenburg (E4).. 1,754 Grand Island (F4) 13,947
Hartington (G2) Hastings (F4)
. .

1,467

11,647

Havelock(H4).... 3,602 Hebron (G4) 1,513 Holdrege (E4) .... 3,108

Humboldt a4).... Kearney (E4)

1,277 7,702

Kimball (A3) 1,620 Lexington (E4) ... 2,327 LINCOLN (H4).. 54,948

..

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1S2

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
Cont'd Verona (D2)
4,100
1,203 4,125
1,767

NEW JERSEY,
New Durham

3,039 Sandoval (C3) .... Vineland (CS) .... 6,799 San Juan (C4)

Waldwick(Dl)...
.

New

(D2) Providence (D2)
(CI)

Newton

No. Arlington
(D2) North Paterson (D2)

1,296 Wallington (D2) . 5,715 Wanaque(Dl).... 2,916 Washington (C2).. 3,341 Weehawken (D2) .13,488 Westfield(D2).... 9,063 W.Hoboken(D2). 40,074

SanMarcial(B4).. San Rafael (A3)... Santa Cruz (D3)
.

.

SANTA FE(C3)

.

Castleton(G3)... Catskill(F3) Cattaraugus (B3) Cazenovia (E3) Cedarhurst(Bl) 7,236 Center Moriches
.

.

1,595 Gouvemeur (El) 4,728 Gowanda(B3).... 1,347 Granville (G2).... 1,683 Greene (E3) 2,838 Green Island (G3).
.

4,143 2,673 3,024
1,297 4.411

West

New York

(D2) 1,300 W. Orange (D2)... 6,916 W. Paterson (D2) 9,42' Westville (B4) .... Nutley(D2) OceanCity(CS)... 2,512 Westwood (D2) . Wharton (C2) Ocean Grove 3,100 Wildwood (C5) (D3) 33,268 Williamstown (C4) Orange (D2) 2,600 Woodbine (C5) 0.x{ord(C2)

(CI) Santa Rita (B6)... 1,900 Santa Rosa (E4) .. 1,093 Champlain (Gl) (B3).... 3,185 Silver City (A6)... 2,662 Charlotte (C2).... 2,302 Hamburg 1,505 1,256 Chateaugay(Gl).. 1,291 Hamilton (E3).... Socorro (C4) 915 Chatham (G3).... 2,710 Hammondsport 29,926 Springer (E2)
.

Greenport(Cl)... 3,122 1,100 Greenwich (G2)... 2,384 2,235 1,140 Groton(D3)

North

Plainfield

15,573
1,1

Taos(D2)
Texico(F4)
Tierra Amarilla (C2)

1,326 (E4) 1,500 1,628 Harrison (Bl) 1,270 Hastings upon Tome(C4) Hudson (Bl)... 5,526 2,528 Tucumcari(F3)... 2,410 Haverstraw (Al).. 5,226 Tularosa(C5) 6,382 1,000 Hempstead (Bl) Tyrone (A6) 10,453 22,987 Herkimer (F2) 620 Cohoes(G3) Vallecitos(C2).... Woodbridge (D2) Palisades Park 1,433 Hicksville (Bl) ... 3,000 Cold Spring (G4) Vaughn (D4) 2,633 Woodbury (B4)... (D2) 2,000 875 Cooperstown (E3).. 2,725 Highland (F4) ... 1,923 Wagonmound (E3) 2,500 Woodridge (D2) Palmyra (B3) 2,576 Highland Fall: 1,600 Corinth (G2) 1,589 Zuni(A3) 1,481 Woodstown (B4) Park Ridge (El) (Al) 2,588 15,820 Coming (C3) 63,841 Wrightstown (C3) 5,288 Passaic (D2) 1,112 Cornwall (F4) 1,755 Hillbum(Al) Paterson (D2)... 135,875 1,625 Holley(B2) 1,557 Cornwall-on-theAdams (E2) Paulsboro (B4) .. 4,352 2,356 Hudson(Bl)... 2,240 Homer (D3) 1,699 500 Addison (C3) Penns Grove (B4) . 6,060 Abiguiu (C2) 1,960 Cortland (D3) .... 13,294 Honeoye Falls Alamogordo (C6).. 2,363 Akron (B2) Perth Amboy 1,107 Co.xsackie (G3) 2,121 (C3) (G3).. 113,344 41,707 Albuquerque (D3) Hoosick Falls 4,683 Croton-on-Hudson 15,157 Albion (B2) (C3).. Phillipsburg (B2) 16,923 4,896 (G3) (Bl) 2,286 Alexandria Bay 3,385 Anton Chico Pitman (B4) 15,025 1,611 Homell(C3) 1,649 Cuba (B3) (El) 850 (D3) Plainfield (D2).... 27,700 2,078 1,350 Danneraora (Gl) . 2,623 Horseheads (D3) 1,115 Allegany (B3) 5,887 Artesia(E6) PleasantviUe (C5) 11,745 1,200 Dansville(C3).... 4,631 Hudson (G3) 489 Amenia(G4) Aztec (A2) Point Pleasant 1,669 Hudson Falls 1,306 Amityville(Bl)... 3,265 Delhi (F3) 1,575 Belen(C4) Beach (D3) 5,761 5,850 (G2) 770 Amsterdam (F3).. 33,542 Depew(B3) Bernalillo (C3).... Pompton Lakes 1,943 Huntington (Bl).. 5,000 1,132 DeDosit(E3) 620 Andover(C3) 2,008 Bland (C3) (D2) 10,169 1,164 I!ion(E2) 972 De.xter(Dl) 2,205 Angelica (C3) Port Norris (B5) . 1,350 Carlsbad (E6) 2,000 4,401 Inwood(Bl) 1,367 Dobbs Ferrv (Al) 2,157 Angola (A3) Princeton (C3) .... 5,917 Clayton (F2) 1,012 Dolgeville (F2) ... 3,448 Irvington(Bl).... 2,701 4,904 Antwerp (El) Prospect Park (D2) 4.292 Clovis(F4) .... 2,300 1,143 Islip(Bl). 1,609 Dundee (D3) 11,042 Columbus (B7) .. 2,110 Arcade (B3) Rahway(D2) 17,004 19,336 Ithaca (D3; 1,844 Dunkirk (A3) 4,000 Athens (G3) 2,090 Dawson (E2) Ramsey (Dl) 2,015 East Aurora (B3).. 3,703 Jamestown (A3) ...38,917 3,212 Attica (B3) 4,557 Deming(B6) Raritan(C2) Johnson City (F3) 8,587 36,192 East Hampton 750 Auburn (D3) Red Bank (D3) .. . 9,251 Dona Ana (C6) ... 2,100 Johnstown (F2) . 10,908 (CI) Ausable Forks 1,560 East Las Vegas Ridgefield (E2) 1,012 1,500 EastIslip(B2).... 1,300 Jordan (C2) (Gl) 4,304 (E3) Ridgefieid Park 1,500 Katonah(Bl) 1,019 East Rochester Avoca(C3) 8,575 Espanola (C3) (E2) 3,901 Keeseville(Gl)... 1,524 2,585 (C2) Avon(C3) 7,580 Estancia (D4) Ridgewood (D2) 3,160 Kenmore (B3) (Bl) 2,523 East Rockaway Babylon 1,077 Farmington(A2).. Riverside (B3) (F4).... 26,688 2,005 Kingston (B2) Bainbridge(E3)... 1,259 2,341 Fierro (A6) Riverton (B3) Lackawanna (B3). 17,918 3,000 East Syracuse Baldwin (Bl) 2,655 Fort Bayard (A6) Rockaway (D2) 4,106 Lake Placid (Gl).. 2,099 (E2) Baldwinsville (D2) 3 8,049 Fort Sumner (E4) Roosevelt (D2) 2,194 Lancaster (B3).... 6,059 BallstonSpa(G2).. 4,103 Eastwood (D2) Fruitland(A2).... 5,737 Roselle(D2) 1,200 Larchmont (Bl).. 2,468 13,541 Eaton (E3) 3,920 Batavia(B2) Roselle Park (D2) 5,438 Gallup (A3) 3,813 4,795 EUenville (F4) . . . 3,116 La Salle (A2) 970 Bath(G3) 1,658 Gardiner (E2) Rumson(D3) 2,861 45,393 Lawrence (Bl) 600 Bav Shore (Bl)... 3,400 Elmira(D3) Rutherford (D2) . 9,497 Hillsboro (B6) .... 4,203 Leroy(B3) 10,996 Elmira Heights 430 Beacon (Bl) 7,435 Hope (E6) Salem (B4) 2,459 Liberty (F4) (D3) 1,021 4, 1.000 Belmont (C3) 5,000 Tsleta(C4) SayreviUe (D3) . Binghampton (E3) 66,800 Elmsford(Bl).... 1,535 Lindenhurst (Bl) . 1,800 ^.. 525 5,423 Femes (C3) Secaucus (D2) . Falls (F2)... 13,029 9,500 Little 1,401 Endicott(E3) ,000 Blasdell(B3) 6,718 Laguna(B4).. Somerville (C2) 4,626 Little Valley (B3) . 1,253 1,146 Fairport(C2) 3,969 Bolivar (B3) Lascruces (C6) South Amboy -1,831 2,742 Liverpool (D2) . 1914 Falconer (A3) 3 ,902 Boonville (E2) 7,897 Las Vegas (D3) ... (D3) 859 Farmingdale(Bl). 2,091 Livingston Manor 1,100 Brewster (Bl) Lincoln (D5) South Boundbrook 1,000 (G3) Fayetteville (D3) . 1,584 BriarcliS Manor ,325 1,302 Lordsburg (A6) (C2) Lockport(B2)....21,308 1,027 Floral Park (B2) . 2,097 (Bl) Magdalena (B4) . 1,867 South Orange 1,208 Lowville(E2)..... 3,127 Fonda (F2) 650 Bridgehampton 7,274 Manzano (C4) (D2) 3,300 Lynbrook(Bl).... 4,371 1,500 Forks (B3) (CI) 1,900 South River (D3).. 6,596 Mesilla(C6) 4,253 1,000 Fort Edward (G2). 3,871 Lyons (D2) 900 Brighton (C2) Mogollon(A5) Spring Lake Beach 1,032 2,980 Fort Plain (F3) . . 2,747 McGraw (D3) . . 1,400 Brockport (C2) . 1,009 Mora (D3) (E3) 7,556 1,383 Frankfort (E2).... 4,198 Malone(Fl) Stanhope (C2).... 1,031 Mountainair (C4) . 577 Brockton (A3) 3,055 Franklmville (B3) 2,015 Mamaroneck (Bl). 6,571 980 Bron.xville (B2) 10,174 Parkview (C2) ... Summit (D2) 540 Brooklyn (B2) .2,018,356 Fredonia (A3) .... 6,051 Manchester (C2) . 1,418 1,318 Pecos (D3) Sussex (CI) 8,599 Manhasset(B2)... 1,050 506,775 Freeport (Bl) 890 Buffalo (B3) Swedesboro (B4) . 1,838 Penasco(D2) 1,296 1,026 Manlius(D3) 570 Caledonia (C3) ... 1,170 Friendship (B3).. 5,650 Peralta(C4) Tenafly(E2) 5,993 13,043 Massena(Fl) Toms River (D4) . 2,200 Pinos Altos (A6) .. 1,100 Cambridge (G2)... 1,559 Fulton (D2) " 1,941 Garden City (B2) . 2,420 Mattituck (CI) . 1,154 Camden (E2) Portales(F4) 1 Totowa (D2) Canaioharie(F3).. 2,415 Gamerville(Al)... 1,300 Puerto de Luma 2,157 i.lOO Canandaigua (C3). 7,356 Geneseo(C3) (E4) 119,289 (C3) 14,648 3,995 Geneva (D3) . 650 Canastota (E2) 1,106 Questa(D2) Tuckerton(D4).. 1,600 2,201 Glasco(F3) Canisteo(C3) 21,739 Ranches of Taos Union (D2) 8,664 2,631 Glen Cove (Bl).. 400 Canton (El) (D2) Union (D2)....... 1,900 913 Glens Falls (G2) .16,638 5,544 Cape Vincent (Dl) Raton (E2) Upper Montclair 4,320 Gloversville (F2).. 22,075 7,033 Carthage (E2) ... Roswell (E5) 1 (D2) 2.843 564 Castile (B3) ...... 1.013 Cioshen(Al) 2,193 Roy(E3)
.
.

(D2)

.

.

.

.

.

2,380 2,597 2,877 2,790 1,600 1,406 4,500 5,801

1,800 Chester (Al) 381 Clayton (El) Clifton Sorings 990 (C3)..: Clinton (E2) 1,( 3,117 Clyde (D2) 1,096 Cobleskill(F3).... 3,500 Coeymans (G3)....
.

1,049
1

(C3)

1.060

Hampton Bays(C2)l,000
Handcock

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NEW MEXICO

NEW YORK

ALBANY

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TRENTON

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VenUior(CS)

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.. . .

. ..

.

INDEX OP UNITED STATES

153

1,147 1,704 Crosby (Al) 945 Hertford (Fl) YORK, Cont'd Port Jervis(Al)... 10,171 Victor (C3) 5,076 Devils Lake (F2).. 5,140 5,493 Hickory (A2) Walden (F4) Port Washington 3,598 Highpoint(B2).. .14,302 Dickinson (B4)... 4,122 3,200 Walton (E3) (Bl) 1,096 Millbrook (G4) 803 James City (F2)... 1,200 Edgeley (F4) 4,039 Wappingers Falls 1,200 Potsdam (Fl) Milton (F4) 1,334 1,219 Ellendale (F4) 3,235 Kemersville(Bl). (G4) 3,016 Poughkeepsie Mmeola(Bl) Enderlin(G4) 1,919 Kings Mountain 35,000 Warrensburg (G4) Mineville(Gl).... 2,000 706 2,800 Fairmount (H5)... (A2) 2,200 (G2) 1,895 2.919 Pulaski (D2) Mohawk (F3) 21,961 9,771 Fargo (H4) 3,622 Kinston (E2) 1,527 Randolph (B3).... 1,310 Warsaw (B3) .... Monroe (Al) 731 1,399 Fessenden (E3) ... 2,420 Lagrange (E2) . 2,093 Warwick (Al) Monticello (F4) . . 2,330 Ravena (G3) 87S 2,643 GlenuUin (C4) 2,637 Laurinburg (C3) Rensselaer (G3)... 10,823 Waterford (G3) . Montour Falls 2,512 1,606 Grafton (G2) 1,560 Rhinebeck(G4)... 1,397 Waterloo (D3).... 3,809 LeaksviUe (CI) (D3) 3,718 Grand Forks (G3) 14,010 Watertown(D2)..31,28S Lenoir (A2) 1,331 Richfield Springs Moravia (D3) 5,254 Hankinson(G4)... 1,477 1,255 Lexington (B2) 1,388 Waterville (E3) (E3) 1,300 Moriah(Gl) 1,590 16,073 Lincolnton(A2)... 3,390 Harvey (D3) 1,000 Watervliet (G3) Mt. Kisco(Bl) ... 3,944 Ripley (A3) 828 1,010 Hatton(G3) 2,785 Littleton (Dl) 3,312 Riverhead(Cl)... 2,800 Watkins(D3) Mt. Morris (C3) 1,374 5,270 Louisburg(Dl).... 1,954 Hebron (B4) Mt. Vernon (Bl).. 42,726 Rochester (C2) .295.750 Waverly (D3) 1,790 Lumberton (D3) . 2,691 Hillsboro(H3).... 1,183 Wayland (C3) 1,148 Rockville Center Naples (C3) 6,627 1,247 Jamestown (F4).. 1,247 Madison (Bl) Webster (C3) 6,262 (Bl) 6,964 Newark (C2) 1,446 1,784 Kenmare (B2) 26,341 Weedsport(D2)... 1,379 Marion (C4) New Berlin (E3)... 1.070 Rome(E2) 959 Newburgh (F4) . J0^66 Roosevelt (B2).... 1,000 Wellsville(C3).... 4,996 Maxton (C3) .... 1,397 Lakota (F2) ,014 Mayodan (Bl).. 1,886 Lamoure (F4) 1,000 West Carthage Roscoe(F4) New Hartford 1,228 1,146 Langdon (F2). (E2) 1,666 Mocksville(B2).. 2,004 1,621 Roseton(F4) (E2) 4,084 Lariraore (G3) .... 1,089 Westfield (A3) 3,413 Monroe (B3) 2,500 Roslyn(Bl) New Hyde Park 1,065 4,315 Lidgerwood (G4) Mooresville (B2) 1,000 Rouses Point (Gl) 1,700 West Haverstraw (B2) 1,011 2,018 MoreheadCity (F3)2,958 Linton (D4) (Al) 5,308 New Paltz (F4) . 1,056 Rye(Bl) 1,855 1,200 Morganton (A2) .. 2,867 Lisbon (04) 2,993 West Point (A 1) Sag Harbor (CI) . New Rochelle 4,336 Whitehall (G2) ... 5,258 Mountairy (Bl)... 4,752 Mandan(D4) 36,213 St. Johnsville (Bl) 1,318 Mount Olive (D2) 2,297 Marmarth (A4) White Plains 2,469 (F3) New York 1,218 . 21,031 Newbern(E2)....12,198 Mayville (03) (Bl) 5,620,048 St. Regis tails (Bl) 10,476 3,021 Minot(C2) 3,038 Newton (A2) 1,500 Whitesboro (E2) (Fl) New York Mills 723 9,276 Williamsville (B3). 1,753 No.Wilkesboro(Al) 2,363 Mott(B4) 2,600 Salamanca CB3>. (E2) 3,606 NewRockford(E3)2,lll 1,186 Oxford (Dl) 1,083 Wolcott(D2) Salem (G2) Niagara Falls Worcester (F3) .. 1,500 Plymouth (F2).... 1,847 Northwood (G3) 50,760 Saranac Lake (A2) (D2).. 24,418 1,600 (Fl).... 5,174 Yonkers(Al).... 100,176 RALEIGH Norfolk (El) 1,014 Ramseur(C2) Yorktown Heights No. Collins (B3) . 1,158 Saratoga Springs 1,250 Randleman (B2) . 1,967 (Bl) ,13,181 (G2) North Pelham 4,013 Yorkville (E2) . . . 1,512 Red Springs (C3).. 1,018 2,385 Saugerties (F3) . (B2) Reidsville (CI) ... 5,333 3,200 Northport(Bl)... 1,977 Sayville(Bl) Roanoke Rapids Scarsdale (B2) .... 3,506 North Tarrytown 3,369 (El) 5,927 Schenectady (F3). 88,723 (Bl) 2,509 1,625 Albemarle (B2) .. . 2,691 Rockingham (C2) Schuylerville (G2) North Tonawanda 2,559 Rockymount 4,358 Ashboro(C2) 15,482 Scotia (F3) (B2) 12,742 (E2) 28,504 Ashville(B4) 2 Northvme(F2).... 1,190 Sea Cliff (Bl) 1,651 Roxboro(Dl) 1,673 6,389 Ayden(E2) 8,268 Seneca Falls (D3) Norwich (E3) 2,^" Rutherfordton Sherburne (E3) .. 1,104 Beaufort (F3) Norwood (Fl) 1,693 (C4) 1,761 Belhaven (F2) . . . 1,816 1,152 SherrilUE2) Nunda(C3) 2,941 Salisbury (B2).... 13,884 4,444 Shortsville (C3) .. 1,300 Belmont (B2) Nyack(Bl) 2,977 2,670 Bessemer City (A2) 2,176 Sanford (C2) 1,422 Sidney (E3) Oakfield(B2) Scotland Neck Ogdensburg(El).. 14,609 Silvercreek(A3)... 3,260 Burlington (CI)... 5,952 2,061 (El) 2,584 20,506 Silver Springs (B3) 1,155 Canton (B4) 01ean(B3) 1,601 Selma(D2) 1,. . 10,541 Skaneateles (D3).. 1,635 Caroleen (A2) Oneida (E2) 3,609 1,121 Shelby (A2) 1,791 Chadboum (D3) 11,58 Sloan (B3) Oneonta(E3) 1,895 (Al) .. 1,150 ChapelhiU (C2) . . 1,483 Smithfield (D2) . . 1,101 Sloatsburg Oriskany (E3) Southport (D4) . . 1,664 1,329 Charlotte (B2).... 46,338 Oriskany Falls (E3). 1,0 14 Sodus(C2) 2,510 7,352 Cherryville (A2) .. 1,884 Spencer (B2) 10,739 Solvay (D2) Ossining(Bl) 1,250 1,423 Spray (CI) 23,626 Southampton (CI) 2,891 Clayton (D2) Oswego (D2) 1,000 Spring Hope (D2). 1,221 Cliffside(A2) Oswego Falls (D 2). 1,014 South Glens Falls 7,895 2,110 Statesville (B2) 2,158 Clinton (D3) 4,147 (G2) Owego(D3) 4,568 9,903 Tarboro(E2) 1,590 South Nyack (Bl). 1,799 Concord (B2) Oxford (E3) 1,600 Cooleemee(B2).... 2,000 Thomasville (B2). 5,676 Southold(Cl) Oyster Bay (Bl) ..3 1,102 1,397 Troy(C2) Dallas (A2) Painted Post (C3) 2,170 Spring Valley 2,648 1,156 Wadesboro (B3) 2 3,818 Davidson (B2) (Al) Palmyra (C2) 2,805 Wake Forest (D2). 1.425 4,031 Springville (B3) .. 2,331 Dunn(D2) Patchogue(Cl)... 21,719 Washington (F2).. 6,314 947 Durham (C2) 1,032 Stamford (F3) .... Pawling (04) 1,500 Waynesville(B4).. 1,942 1,500 Stillwater (G3).... 1,041 E. Durham (D2) Pearl River (Al) 1,872 Suffem(Al) 3,154 East Spencer (B2). 2,239 Weldon (El) 15,! Peekskill(Bl) 2,777 W. Durham (Dl).. 2,000 1,056 Syracuse (D3)... 17 1,7 17 Edenton (Fl) Pelham (B2). Whiteville(D3).... 1,664 Tarrytown (Bl)... 5,807 Elizabeth City Manor Pelham 8,925 Williamston(E2).. (Fl) 1,754 Ticonderoga (G2) . 2,102 (Bl) 1,648 Wilmington (D3).. 33,372 Enfield (El) PennYan(C3).., 4,51" Tomkms Cove 10,612 1,780 Wilson (D2) 1,200 Farmville(E2)... 4,717 (Al) Perry (C3) 8,877 Winston-Salem 1,200 Tonawanda (B2) .10,068 Fayetteville (D2) Phelps (D3) 48,395 (Bl) 2,312 72,013 Forest City (A2) 1,919 Troy(G3) Philmont(G3) .. .12,871 Gastonia (CI) 1,747 Trumansburg (D3) 1,011 Phoenix (D2).... 1,302 1,600 Tuckahoe(Bl).... 3,509 Gibsonville (CI) . Piermont (Al) 1,009 .11,296 Ashley (E4) 1,600 TupperLake(Fl). 2,508 Goldsboro (D2) Pine Plains (G4) 1,106 2,336 Beach (A4) 1,328 Tuxedo Park (Al) 2,000 Graham (CI) Pittsford (C2) 1,157 Greensboro (CI).. 19,861 BISMARCK (D4) 7,122 10,909 Unadilla(E3) Plattsburg(Gl). 1,172 Greenville (E2) .. 5,772 Bottineau (D2) .. 3,303 Pleasantville(Bl). 3,590 Union (D3) 1,111 3,808 Cando(E2) 91,156 Hamlet (C3) 1,035 Utica(E2) Port Byron (D2) 1,301 Henderson (Dl)... 5,222 Carrington(E3)... 1,420 Port Chester (Bl). 16,573 Valatie(G3) Casselton(G4).... 1,538 Hendersonville 1,600 Valley Stream Port Ewen (F4) 819 3,720 Cavalier (G2) (B4) 2,800 (Bl) PortHenry (Gl).. 2,183 1,856 Cooperstown (F3). 1,112 1,000 Henrietta (A2).. Port Jefferson (Bl) 2,800 Verplanck (Bl)

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NOETH CAROLINA

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NORTH DAKOTA

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154

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
Cnnf^A

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156

INDEX OF UNITED STATES
Cont'd
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2,192 Pitcaim(B3) 5,738 South Greensburg Westmont (B3) .. 1,976 (B3) 2.645 .. . 5,575 Pittsburgh (B3) .588,343 2,188 W. Newton (B3) (F3) 18,497 South Renovo (D2) 1,291 W. Pittston (F2) 6,968 1,370 Pittston(F2) Lock Haven (D2) Mt. Pleasant (B3). 5,862 Plains (F2) 1,175 South Waveriy W.Reading (E3).. 2,921 Locustdale(E3).. 16,500 (El) 2,797 Mt. Union (D3) 4,744 Plymouth (E2) 1,251 West View (A3) Muncy(E2) 2,054 Point Marion (B4) 1,607, Southwest GreensLocust Gap (E3) W. Wyoming (F2) 1,938 burg (B3) Lopez (E2) Munhali(B3) 6,418 Polk(B2) 2,762 2,538 WestYork(E4)... 3,320 Lost Creek (E3)... Myerstown (E3) Wheatland (A2)... 1.742 2,385 Portage (C3) 4,804 South Williamsport Nanticoke(E2)... 22,614 Port Allegany Luzerne (F2) (E2) 4,341 Whitaker(B3).. .. 1,881 2,356 Spangler (C3) Lykens(E3) 2,880 Nanty01o(C3) .. 5,028 (C2) 3,035 White Haven (F2). 1,402 Lyndora(B3) 1,500 Narberth (F4) . 2,882 Spring City (F3) 3,704 Port Carbon (E3) 2,944 White Mills (F2).. 1,450 4,000 Port Keimedy Springdale (B3) McAdoo(F3) 4,674 Natrona (B 3) 2,929 Wickboro(B3).... 2,775 (F3) 1,000 Spring GardenWisconisco(E3)... 2,100 McDonald (A3) .. 2,751 Nazareth (F3) 4,288 . 1,050 McKeesport (B3) 46,781 Nescopeck (E2) 1,050 (A3) 1,638 Port Perry (B3) 1,100 Wilcox (C2) Wilkes-Barre (F2) 73,833 Portvue (B3) 2,538 Spring Grove McKees Rocks Nesquehoning .17,431 16,713 2,000 Pottstown (F3) (E4) 1,115 Wilkinsburg (B3) 24.403 (A3) (F3) Pottsville(E3).. .21,876 Star Junction (B3) 1,500 Williamsburg (C3) 1,872 McSherrytown New Bethlehem State College (D3). 2,405 Williamsport (D2). 36, 198 (D4) 1,800 (B3) 1,662 Prospect Park (F4) 2,536 Steelton(E3) 13,428 WiUiamstown (E3) 2,878 1,200 New Brighton Madera (C3) Stoneboro (A2) 1,405 Wilmerding (B3).. 6.441 Mahanoy City (A3) 9,361 Punxsutawney 3,243 10,311 Stroudsburg(F3).. 5,278 Wilson (B3) (C3) 15,599 Newcastle (A2) ..44,938 (E3) Quakertown (F3) 4,391 Sturgeon (A3) 1,200 Winburne (C3)... 1.250 New Cumberland Mahanoy Plane 9,462 1,093 Sugar Notch (F2). 2,612 Windber(C3) 1,577 Ramey(C3) (E3) 2,000 (D3) 7,582 Rankin (B3) 7,301 Summit Hill (F3).. 5,499 Winton(F2) Maltby(F2) 1,200 New Eagle (B 3).. 1,572 1,000 Sunbury (E3) 15,721 Womelsdorf (E3).. 1,331 Malvern (F3).... 1,286 New Holland (E4) 1,453 Rathmel(C2) 1,000 New Hope (F3) .. . 1,093 Reading (F3).... 107,784 Susquehanna (F2). 3,764 Woodlawn(A3).... 12,495 Mammoth (B3) 1,943 3,198 Swarthmore(F4).. 2,350 Wrightsville (E4) Red Lion (E4) 2,712 New Kensington Manheim (E3).. 5,877 Swissvale (B3) ...10,908 Wyoming (F2).... 3,582 1,077 11,987 Renovo(D2) Manor (B3) (B3) Republic (B4) 1,000 Swoyers(F2) 1,400 Wyomissing(E3).. 2.062 Mansfield (E2)... 1,609 New Philadelphia 1.200 2,537 Reynoldsville (C2) 4,116 Swoyersville (F2) . 6 876 Yatesboro (B3) . Marcus Hook (F3) 47.512 6.037 Sykesville (C2) ... 2,507 York(E4) 1,972 Ridgwav (C2) 5,324 Newport (D3) (F4) 12,363 Youngsville (B2) . 1,611 1,124 Newtown (03).... 1,703 Ridley Park (F4) . 2,313 Tamaqua(F3) Marianna (A3).. 2,275 2,379 Tarentum (B3) 8,925 Youngwood (B3) 2,000 Newville(D3) 1,482 Roaring Spr. (C3) Marienville (B2) 1,000 9,876 Yukon (B3) 1,000 Robesonia (E3) . . 1,203 Taylor (F2) \,735 Noblestown (A3) Marietta (E3) 1,870 6,672 Zelienopls (A3) Norristown (F3) ..32,319 Rochester (A3) ... 6,957 Throop(F2) Marion Heights 1,362 Tidioute(E2) 1,063 1,874 Northampton (F3) 9,349 Rockwood (B4) (E3) ISLAIVD Roscoe(B3) 1,480 Titusville(B2).... 8,432 1,226 Northampton Mars(B3; 700 4,269 AIlenton(C3) 1,877 Heights (F3) ... 3,791 Rosemont(F3) ... 1,000 Towanda(E2) Marysville(D3).. 2,200 Rossiter(C3) 1,500 Tower City (E3) 2,324 Anthony (B2) 1,525 North Belle Vernon Masontown (B4) 1,500 Trafford (B3) 2,895 Apponaug (C2) . . 1,300 1,535 2,705 Roulette (C2) Matamoras (G2) (A3) 4,000 Roya!ton(E3) 1,156 Trainer (F4) 1,367 Arctic (B2) North Braddock Mauch Chunk 2,015 Arlington (C2) ... 2,500 14,928 Royersford(F3)... 3,278 Tremont (E3) 3,666 (B3) (F3) 700 Sagamore (B3).... 2,100 Treveskyn (A3) 2,500 Ashaway (A4) 3,832 North Catasauqua Mayfield (F2) 2.000 6,585 1 revorton (E3) . 1,400 Ashton(Cl) St. Clair (B3) 14,568 2,321 Meadville (A2) (F3) 970 6,495 Troy(E2) St. Clair (E3) 1,419 Auburn (C2) North Charleroi Mechanicsburg Barrington (C2) ."3,897 1,931 St. Marj-s(C2).... 6,967 Tunkhannock 4,688 (B3) (E3) 900 (E2) 1,736 Block Island (B5) 4,109 North East (Bl) .. 3,481 Saltsburg(B3).... 1,01 Media (F4) "11,375 Saxton(C3). 1.165 Turtle Creek (B3) 8,138 Bristol (D2) 1.932 Northumberland Mercer (A2) 8,078 Tyrone (C3) 9,084 Centerdale(Cn... 3,000 4,061 Sayre(E2) (E3) Mercersburg (D4). 1,603 2.041 Scalp Level (C3).. 1,690 Union City (B2).. 3,850 Center\'ille(B2)... 2.500 3,716 North Wales (F3) Meyersdale (C4) Uniontown (B4).. 15,692 Central Falls (CI) .24. 174 2,239 Schuylkill Haven Middletown(E3).. 5,920 North York (E3) 5,437 Upland (F4) (E3) 2,486 Charlestown (B4) . "759 Midland (A3).... 5,452 Norwood Sta. (F4) 2,353 ,183 Chepachet (Al) .. 1,200 1,611 Scottdale (B3) .... 5.768 Vanderbilt (B3). 1,744 0akdale(A3) Mifflinburg (D3) 9,531 Coventry (B 2)... "5,670 4.512 Scranton(F2) ..137,783 Vandergrift (B3) Oakmont(B3) 2,936 Millersburg (E3) 3,938 Cranston (C2).... 29,407 21,274 Selinsgrove (E3) .. 1,937 Verona (B3) 1,350 Oil City (B2) Millersville (E3) 1,800 12,237 Sellersville(F3)... 1,739 Versailles (B3)... 1,936 Crompton (B3) . 1,238 01dforge(F2) Millhall (D2) 2.053 Cumberland.. .."10,077 1,000 Sewickley(A3).... 4,955 Vintondale(C3).. Millsboro(B4).... 1,000 Oliver (B4) 1,600 Wall(B3) 2,426 East Greenwich 8,031 CHyphant(F2).... 10,236 Shaft (E3) Millvale(B3) "3,290 (C3) 1,200 Shamokin (E3). .21,204 Walnutport(F3).. 1,051 1,500 Oneida (E3) Milroy(D3) 21,747 Walston(B3) 1,200 East Providence 8,638 Orwigsburg (E3) . 1,985 Sharon (.\2) Milton (E2) "21,793 Sharon Hill (F4) . 1.780 Wanamie(E2).... 1,500 (C2) Miners Mills (F2) . 4,365 Osceola Mills "1,031 8,921 Warren (B2) 14,272 Exeter (B3) 2,512 Sharpsburg (B3) (C3) Minersville (E3) .. 7,845 900 4,674 Warrior Run (F2) . 1,387 Fiskeville(C2).... 2,093 Sharpsville (A2) 3,000 Oxford (F4) Mkiooka (F2) "905 1,525 Washington (A3).. 2 1,480 Foster (A 1) Sheffield (C2) 1,640 Palmerton (F3) ... 7 Mohnton(E3) 1,000 Georgiaville(Bl). 2,153 3,646 Shenandoah (E3).. 24, 726 Watsontown (E2) 3,838 Palmyra (E3) Monaca(A3) 990 1,000 Wayne (F3) 3.000 Greenville (Bl).. Monessen(B3)....18,179 Palo Alto (E3) ... . 1,667 Sheppton(E3) 800 Shickshinny(E2).. 2.289 Waynesboro (D4) 9,720 Greystone(Bl).. Parkers Landing Monongahela (.\3) 2,200 Shillington(E3)... 2,175 Waynesburg (A4) . 3,332 Harris%allp(Al)., (B2) 1, Montgomery (E2). 1,798 1,200 . 2,356 Hills Grove (C2) Parksburg (F4) . . 2,543 Shinglehouse (C2). 1,169 Weatherly (F3) Montoursville 850 (D3) 4,372 Webster (B3) 1,000 Hope (B2) 1,949 Parnassus (B3) ... 3,816 Shippensburg (E2) 1.450 5,628 Silver Creek (F3).. 2,512 Wellsboro (D2) . . 3.452 Hope Valley (A3). Montrose (F2)..., 1,661 Parsons (F2) 1,800 Wesleyville(Bl).. 1,457 Hopkinton(A4)..."2,316 3,628 Simpson (F2) Moon Run (A3) . 1,000 Patton(C3) 900 Howard (C2) 1.616 West Brownsville 3,975 Siverlv(B2) 1,400 Peckville (F2) Moores(F4) 4,014 1,900 Jamestown (C4) ."1,633 1.387 Slatington (F3) (.\3) 4,364 Peely(F2) Moosic(F2) 650 4,096 Smethport (C2) .. 1,568 W. Chester (F4)... 11,7 17 Lakewood (C2) ... 1,500 PenArgyI(F3). Morgan (A3) Little Compton 3,121 West Conshohocken 2,072 Somerset (B3) Morris Run (E2) . 1,600 Penbrook(E3).. "1,389 (D3) 3,125 (F3) 2,331 1,404 Souderton (F3) . 3,639 Pennsburg (F3) Morrisville (03) 1.019 South Allentown West Easton (F3) 1,408 Lonsdale (CI) .... 4,000 1,212 PennsSta. (B3). Mortan(F4) 700 2,549 W. Fairview (D3) 1,800 L>Tnansville (CI) (F3) 3,150 Perkasie(F3)... Mt. Braddock 4,700 Westfield (D2).... 1,303 Manville (CI) South Brownsville 1,000 Philadelphia (B4) (B4) 4,675 Westgrove (F4)... 1,152 Middletown (D3) "2,094 1,823,779 (F4) Mt. Carmel(E3)..17,469 W. Hazelton (E3) 5,854 Narragansett Pier Philipsburg (C3) . 3,900 South Connellsville Mt. Holly Springs "1,250 (C4) 2,196 W. Homestead (B3) 3,435 (B2) 1,109 Pha'nix\'ille (F3) .10,484 (D3) Mt.Jewett(C2)... 1,494 Pinegrove (E3) ... 1,778 Southfork (C3)... 4,239 W. Middlesex (A2) 1,340 Natidt(C2)...... 2.400

PENNA.,

Mt. Joy (E3) Mt. Oliver (A3)

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1,552 8,557 1,000 1,700 1,250 1,500 5,998

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INDEX OF UNITED STATES
B.
I.,

157
4,210 Canadian (B2) 2,711 Canyon (A2) 1,792 Carthage (E3) 1,215 Center (E4)
2,187 1,618 1 ,366 1,838 1,200 5,003

Cont'd

Newport (C4)

1.050 Laagley(DS) No. Scituate (R2) No. Tiverton (D3). 1,650 Latta(J3) 650 Laurens (C3) Norwood (C2) 3,000 Leesville (D4) PascoaK(Al) Pawtucket(Cl) ..64.248 Liberty (B2) Peace Dale (B4)... 1,550 Lockhart(E2) Phenix (B2) 3,000 McColl(H2) Phmipsdale(Cl).. 700 Manning (G4) 1,900 PonUac(152) Marion (J3) Portsmouth (n3).. "2,590 Mcggett(G6)

Kingstree (H4) ... 2,074 Lennox (H4) Lake City (H4) .. 1,606 Madison (G4) 30.255 Lancaster (F2) . 3,032 Menno(G4)
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1,074

4,144

918
2,215 1,478 8,478 3,517 1,288 1,230 3,209

Moultrieville(H6). 1,011 237.595 Mt. Pleasant (H6).. 1,575 "1.301 Richmond Muliins(J3) 2,379 3,500 Newberry (D3) River Point (C2) .. 5,894 Riverside (C2).... 2,000 New Brookland 990 Saylesville(Cl)... (E4) 1,793
(CI)
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PROVIDENCE

1,400 1,079 4,629 1,216 1,705 1,000 2,129 2,022 3,892 1,000

Milbank(H2)
Miller (E3) Mitchell (F4)

Lenoir City (F4) Lewisburg (D4) Lexington (B4). Livingston (E3). McKenzie (B3)

Mobridge(D2)
Parker (G4) Parkston(G4)

PIERRE

630 Chico(D3) McMinnville (E4). 2^814 Childress (B2) Manchester (E4).. 1,114 lChilllcothe(C2)... 1,351 Martin (B3) 2,837 Cisco (C3) 7,422 Maryville (G4) 3,739 Clarendon (B2) .. 2,456
'

.

.

.

.

(D3)..

Plankinton (F4).
Platte (F4)

Rapid City (A3)
Redfield (F3)
. .

Salem (G4)

803 Milan (B4) 1,242 Monterey (E3).... 5,777 Morristown (G3) . 2,755 Mt. Pleasant (C4). 1,187 Murfreesboro (D4)

Slatersville(Bl)...

1,850

Smithfield(Bl)... "3,199 900 Thornton (C2).... Tiverton (D3).... "3,894 Valley Falls (CI) . 5,000 Wakefield (B4) ... 2,750 "7,841 Warren (D2)
."13,481 Warwick (C2) 660 Washington (B2)..
.

.

W. Barrin?toQ (D2) 900
.."9,952 W. Warwick (C2) "15,461 1,050 Wickford (C3) Woonsocket (CI). .43,496

Westerly (A4)

.

.

.

.

.

.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Abbeville (C3).... 4,57C 4,103 Aiken (D4) Allendale (E5) ... . 1,893 Anderson (B3).... 10,570 1,968 Andrews (J5) Bamberg (E5) ... 2,210 1,903 Barnwell (E5) . 2,848 Batesburg (E4) Beaufort (F7) 2,831 1.78G Belton(B2) Bennettsville (H2) 3,197 Bishopville (G3) . 2,090
.
.

Scotland (G4) 1,234 Sioux Falls (H4).. 25,202 Sisseton(G2) 1,431 Speariish (A3) 1,254 . North Augusta Springfield (F5).... 719 (D5) 1,742 Sturgis(A3) 1,250 Orangeburg (F4) . 7,290 Tripp (G4) 970 Pelzer(C2) 5,500 Tyndall(G4) 1,405 Piedmont (B2).... 4,000, Vermilion (G5)... 2,590 Rockhill (E2) 8,809lWagner (F4) 1,236 Matthews St. |Watertown (G3). . 9,400 (F4) 1,780 Waubay(G2) 979 Seneca (B2) 1,460 Webster (G2) l,f Spartanburg (C2). 22,638 Wessington Summerville (G5) 2,550 Spring (F3) . . 1,618 Sumter (G4) 9,508 Winner (E4) 2,000 Timmonsville (H3) 1.860 Woonsocket Union (D2) 6,141 (F4) 1,368 Walhalla (A2) 2,< Yankton (G5) . 5,024
.

.

.

Walterboro (F6) .. Westminster (A2) Whitmire(D2)..,. Williamston (B2).. Winnsboro(E3)... Woodruff (C2)....

1,853 1,847 1,955 Alcoa (G4)

TENNESSEE
.

York (El)

2,322 Altonpark (E4) . 1,822 Athens (F4) 2,396 Binghamton (A4). 2,731 Bolivar (B4)
Bristol (H3)

3,358 3,020 2,580
1,673 1,031

.

SOUTH DAKOTA
Alexandria (G4).. Arlington (G3)..
.

Brownsville (A4)

.

8,047 3,062

Aberdeen (F2).... 14,537 Chattanooga (E4) 57,895
965 Clarksville(C3)... 1,011 Cleveland (F4).... 1,045 Clinton (G3) 1,616 Coal Creek (F3)... 1,519 Columbia (D4) Cookeville (E3)
8,110
6,522 1,409 1,204

Armour (F4) Blacksburg(Dl).. 1,512 Bellefourche (A3) Blackville (E5) ... 1,421 Beresford(H4)... Branchville (F5) . 1,814 Bowdle(E2) 1,200 Bridgewater (G4) Buffalo (D2) 3,930 Britton(G2) Camden (F3) Charleston (H6)... 67,957 Brookings (H3) ..
.

5,526 2,395
1,102

976 Copper Hill (F4) 1,105 Covington (A4)
.

3,410
1,701

Cheraw(H2)
Chester (E2) Clifton (D2) Clinton (D3) Clover (El)

3,150 5,557 4,500 3,767 1,608

3,924 Dayton (E4) Canton (H4) 2,225 Dickson (C3) Centerville (H4) .. 1,104 Dresden (B3) Chamberlain (E4). 1,303 Dunlap(E4) Clark (G3) 1,392 Dyer (A3)

2,263
1,007 1,465 1,250
. .

COLUMBIA
(F4)

Clearlake(H3)....
Dallas (E4) Dead wood (A3)
.

37,524

.

Converse (Dl)

1,000 Dell Rapids (H4). 1,969 Desmet (G3) .... Conway (J 4) 1,284 Edgemont (A4) Cowpens(D2) Darlington (H3) .. 4,669 Egan (H4) Denmark (E5).... 1,254 Elkpoint (H5) 2,205 Elkton(H3) Dillon (J3) 3,568 Eureka (E2) Easley (B2) Eau Claire (F4) .. 2,566 Flandreau (H3) Edgefield (C4) 1,865 Freeman (G4).. Edisto Island Garretson (H4)
. .
.

835 Dyersburg (A3) 6,444 705 East Chattanooga 2,403 (E4) 4,720 1,677 Elizabethton(H5). 2,749
1,035 1,254

Englewood(F4)... 1,271

Enoree(D2)

3,500 (G6) 2,000 10,968 Florence (H3) Fort Mill (Fl).... 1,946

Fountain Inn
1,100 5,065 4,579 Graniteville(D4).. 2,500 Greenville (C2)... 23,127 Greenwood (C3) .. 8,703 2,292 Greer (C2) HartsviUe (0.3) 3,624 1,900 Honeapath (B3)

(C2)

Gaffney(Dl) Georgetown (J5)

.

.

.

.

.

.

Erwin(H3) 2,965 569 Etowah (F4) 2,516 1,470 Fayetteville (D4) . 3,629 872 Franklin (D4) 3,123 1,200 Gallatin (D3) 2,757 1,929 Greeneville (H3).. 3,775 894 Greenfield (B3) .. 1,474 715 Halls (A4) 1,400 Geddes(F4) 695 Harriman (F4) 4,019 Gettysburg (E2) 951 HartsviUe (D3). .. 1,023 Gregory (E4) 1,067 Henderson (B4).. 1,181 Groton (F2) 1,273 Humboldt (A4) .. 3,913 Hartford (G4) ... 677 Huntingdon (B4).. 1,121 Highmore (E3). 1,022 Jackson (B4) 18,860 Hot Springs (A4) 2,141 Jefferson City (G3) 1,414 Howard (G3) 1,325 Jellico(F3) 1,878 Huron (F3) 8,302 Johnson City (H3) 12,442 Ipswich (E2) 909 Kingsport (H3) 5,692 Kimball (F4) 713 Knoxville(G4).... 77,818 Lake Preston (G3). 1,008 Lafollette(G3).... 3,056 Lead (A3) 5,013 Lawrenceburg (C4) 2,461 Lemmon (B2) 1,126 Lebanon (D3) 4.084
.
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Clarksville (E3) 3,386 2,057 Cleburne (D3) 12,820 1,445 Clifton (D4) 1,327 5,875 Coleman (C4) 2,868 2,093 Colorado (B,3) 1,766 5,367 Columbus (D5) 2,000 NASHVILLE Comanche (C4) 3,524 (D3) 118,342 Commerce (E3) 3,842 Newborn (A3) 1,767 Conroe (E4).. 858 Newport (G4) 2,753 Cooper (E3) 2,563 North Chattanooga Corpus Christ! (E4) (D6) 2,196 10,522 Oakdale(F3) 1,552 Corsicana (D3) ... 1 1 ,356 Obion (A3) 1,376 Cotulla(C5) 1,058 Paris (B3) 4,730 Crockett (E4) 3,061 Pulaski (C4) 2,780 Crowell(C3) 1,175 Ripley (A4) 2,070 Cuero(D5) 3,671 Rockwood (F4) . . 4,652 Dalhart(Al) 2,676 Rogersville(G3)... 1,402 Dallas (D3) 158.976 St. Elmo (E4) 3,890 Dayton (E4) 2,000 Shelbyville (D4) . 2,912 Decatur (D3) 2,205 Soddy(E4) 1,200 DeLeon(C3) 3,302 Somerville (A4) 1,106 Del Rio (B5) 10,589 South Fulton (A3). 1,650 Denison(D3) 17,065 So. Pittsburg (E4) 2,356 Denton (D3) 7,626 Sparta (E4) 1,517 Desdemona (C3) 3,008 Spring City (E4) 1,001 Detroit (E3) 2,000 Springfield (C3).. 3 Donna (C6) 1,579 Sweetwater (F4) 1,972 Dublin (C3) 3,229 Tiptonville (A3).., 1,050 Eagle Lake (D.S) 2,017 Tracy City (E4).. 2,669 Eagle Pass (B5).... 5,765 Trenton (A4) 2,75 Eastland (C3) 9,368 Tullahoma(E4)... 3,479 Edna(D5) 1,700 Union Citv(B3).. 4,412 Edinburg (C6) 1,406 Waverly(C3) 1,054 ElCampo(D5). .. 1,766 Winchester (D 4) . 2,230 Electra(C2) 4,744 Elgin(D4) 1,630 El Paso (A6) 77,560 Abilene (C3) 10,274 Ennis (D3) 7,224 Alba(E3) 1,352 Falfurrias(C6).... 1,600 Albany (C3) 1,469 Farmersville (D3) 2,167 Alice (C6).... Ferris (D3) 1,586 Alvarado(D3) 1,284 Floresville (C3) 1,518 Alvin(ES) 1,519 Forney (D3) 1 ,345 Alvord(D3) 1,376 Ft. Stockton (A4) 1,297 Amarillo(A2) 15,494 Ft. Worth (D3).. 106,482 Angleton(E5) 1,043 Franklin (D4) 1,131 Anson (C3) 1,425 Fredericksburg Aransas Pass (D6). 1,569 (C4) 2,900 Arlington (D3).... 3,031 Freeport(E5) 1,798 Athens (E3) 3,176 Gainesville (D3) 8,648 Atlanta (E3) 1,469 Galveston (E5) .44,255 AUSTIN (D4).... 34,876 Gatesville (D4) 2,499 Baird(C3) 1,902 Georgetown (D4) 2,871 Ballinger (C4) 2,767 Giddings (D4) 1 ,650 Bartlett (D4) 1,731 Gilmer (E3) 2,268 Bastrop (D4) 1,828 Glen Rose (D,3) .. 1,400 Bay City (D5) 3,454 Goldthwaite (C4) 1,214 Beaumont (E4)... 40,422 Goliad (D5) 2,100 Beeville (D5) 3,063 Gonzales (D5) 3,128 Belton(D4) 5,098 Gorman (C3) 3,200 Big Spring (B3) .. 4,273 Graham (C3) 2,544 Bonham(D3) 6,008 Granbury (D3) 1,364 Bowie (C3) 3,179 Grand Saline (E3). 1,528 Brackettville (B5). 1,800 Grand View (D3).. 1,084 Brady (C4) 2,197 Granger (D4) 1,944 Breckenridge(C3). 1,846 Grayburg(E4).... 1,406 Brehara (D4) 5,066 Greenville (E3)... 12,384 Bridgeport (C3)... 1,872 Groesbeck (D4).. 1,522 Brownsville (D7).. 11,791 Groveton (E4).. 1,103 Brown wood (C4).. 8,223 Hallettsville (D5) 1,444 Bryan (D4) 6,307 Hamilton (C4) 2,018 Caldwell (D4) 1,689 Hamlin (B3) 1,633 Calvert (D4) 2,099 Harlingen (D6) . 1,784 Cameron (D4) ... . 4,298 Haskell (C3) 2,300
.

Memphis (A4)... 162 ,351

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

TEXAS

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. . . .

,

158

INDEX OP UNITED STATES
Cont'd
Polytechnec (D3) 4,338 Port Arthur (F5).. 22, 251 American Fork 2,741 Port Lavaca (D5). 1,213 (C3) 3,691 2,600 Quanah(C2) (B5) 16,205 Beaver Ranger (C3)
.

TEXAS,

UTAH

Georgia (B4)
Graniteville (C2)..

"1.075 East Falls Church (E2) 1,076

3, 2,

Hearne (D4) Hempstead (E4) Henderson (E3)... 2,273
.

Hardwick(C2).... 1,550 East Radford (B3)
2,763 Hartford (C.^) 1,827 Highgate(Bl)
.

.

Henrietta (C3).... 2,563 2,700 1,696 Rio Grande (C6) Hereford (A2) ... 2,323 1,635 Rockdale (D4) Hico(D4) HilIsboro(D4).... 6,952 Rockport(D5).... 1,545 2,500 Rockwall (D3).... 1,388 Hondo (C5) 1,256 Honey Grove (E3). 2,642 Rogers (D4) 1,516 Houston (E5).. ..138,276 Rosebud (D4) Houston Hts. (ES) 6,984 Rosenberg (E5) .. 1,279 1,000 Hubbard (D4) ... 2,072 Rotan(B3) 3,000 Royyjaty(D3).. 1,289 Humble (E5) 1,070 4,689 Runge(D5) Huntsville (E4) 2,348 Iowa Park (C3) .. 2,041 Rusk(E4) 1,458 1,350 Sabinal(C5) Italy (D3) 10,050 1,599 San Angelo (B4) Itasca (D3) Jacksboro(C3).... 1,373 San Antonio 161,379 (E4).. 3,723 (C5) Jacksonville 2,549 San Augustine Jefferson (E3) 1,268 (E4) Kaufman(D3).... 2,501 1,500 San Benito (D6).. 5,070 Kemp(E3) 2,015 San Marcos (D4).. 4,527 Kenedy (D5) 2,011 2,353 San Saba (C4) ... Kerrville (C4) 1,407 1,298 Santa Anna (C4) Killeen(D4) 1,300 4,770 Saratoga (E4) KingsviUe (D6) 1,165 Schulenburg Kirbyville (F4) 1,246 1,713 (D5) Ladonia (E3) 1,700 La Grange (D5)... 1,669 Sealy(D5)
..
. . . . .
. . . .

Richmond (E5)

1,273

Bingham Canyon

(B3) 1,732 Bountiful (C3).... 2,063 Lyndonville (Dl).. 1,878 5,282 Middlebury (A2).. 1,993 Brigham(C2) Castlegate(D4)... 1,120 Montgomery (Bl)."l,721 Cedar City (A6)... 2,462 MONTPELIER Ephraim(C4) 2,287 7,125 (C2) 3,608 Morrisville(Bl)... 1,707 Eureka (B4)

Pond 2,676 Ludlow (B4)
Island

"4,739 Emporia (E4) 1, "1,528 Falls Church (E2) 1, (Dl). 1,837 Farmville (D3) ... 2,
F'ortress

Monroe
2, 2,
5,

(F4)

Fairview(C4) Farmington(B3)..
Fillmore (BS)

Fountain Green
(C4) Grantsville (B3)..

1,423 New Haven (A2).." 1,001 1,170 Newport (CI) 4,976 1,490 Northfield (B2) .. 1,916 .

.

North Troy (CI).. 1,169 Norwich (C3),

1,0
,092,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

3,631 1,188 Seguin(D5) 2,121 2,107 Seymour (C3) 15,031 1,190 Sherman (D3) 1,300 22,710 Shiner (D5) Laredo (C6) 1,058 1,382 Sinton(D5) Leonard (D3) 3,204 1,645 Smithville (D5) Llano (C4) 2,179 Lockhart(DS).... 3,731 Snyder (B3) 1,879 5,713 Somerville(D4).. Longview (E3) 3,032 1,093 Sourlake(E4) Lott(D4) 3,704 4,051 Stamford (C3) ... Lubbock (B3) 1,400 4,878 Stanton (B3) Lufkin(E4) 1,502 Stephenville (D3) . 3,891 Luling(D5) 1,194 Stockdale(D5).. .. 1,250 'Lyra(C3) 2,457 5,331 Strawn(C3) McAllen(C6) McGregor (D4) .. 2,081 Sulphur Sprs. (E3) 5,558 McKinney(D3)... 6,677 Sweet Water (B3) 4,307 5,965 1,700 Taylor (D4) Mabank(E3) 3,306 Madisonville (E4). 1,079 Teague(D4) 11,033 Magnolia (E4).... 4,080 Temple (D4) 8,349 3,553 Terrell (D3) Marfa(A6) 4,310 Texarkana(E3).. .11,480 Marlin(D4) Marshall (E3) ... .14,271 Texas City (E5)... 2,509 4,500 3,105 Thurber(C3) Mart (D4) 1,526 1,200 Timpson(E4) Mason (C4) 1,052 Memphis (B2) ... 2,839 Toyah(B6) 1,363 Mercedes (D6).... 3,414 Trinity (E4) 1,258 1,810 Troup (E3) Merkel(B3) 1,189 3.482 Tulia(B2) Mexia(D4) 12,085 1,795 Tyler (E3) Midland (B4) 3,885 2,299 Uvalde (C5) Mineola(E3) 1.' ~ Van Alstyne(D3).. 1,588 Mineral Wells (C3) 1,500 Velasco(E5) 3, Mission (C6) 5,14 Mt. Pleasant (E3). 4,099 Vernon (C2) 5,957 1,212 Victoria (D5) Mt. Vernon (E3) 38,500 Nacogdoches (E4) 3,546 Waco(D4) Navasota(E4).... 5,060 Walnut Sprs. (D3). 1,449 Waxahachie (D3) . 7,958 New Braunfels 5,203 3,590 Weatherford (C3) (C5) 1,452 Wellington (B2)... 1 Newcastle (C3) .. 1,629 1.124 West (D4) NLTOn(D5) 2,346 1,422 Wharton (E5) Nocona(D3) 1,164 Whitesboro (D3).. 1,810 01ney(C3) 9,212 Whitewright Orange (F4) 1,666 (D3) 1,357 Paducah(B2) 1,335 Wichita Falls Palacios(D5) 40,079 (E4)....l 1,039 (C3) Palestine " 15,040 Wills Point (E3)... 1 Paris (E3) 2,161 Winnsboro(E3)... 2,184 Pearsall(C5) 1,509 1,445 Winters (C3) Pecos (B6) Pilot Point (D3) .. 1,499 Wolfe City (E3)... 1,859 6 Pittsburg (E3)...: 2,540 Yoakum (D5) 1,723 Plainview(B2).... 3,989 Yorktown (D5) 2,000 1.715 Ysleta(A6) Piano (D3)

Lamesa(A3) Lampasas (D4)
Lancaster (D3)

.

.

.

..

.

.

.

.

.

1,213 Orleans (CI) 1,358 1,931 Pawlet(A4) "1,413 Helper (D4) 1,606 Poultney (A3) 1,371 Huntington (C4).. 1,285 Pownal(A5) "1,599 1,858 Proctor (A3) Hyrum(C2) 2,692 3,078 Randolph (B3).. .. 1,819 Lehi (C3) 1,645 Richford(Bl) Lewiston (C2) 1,995 9,439 Rochester (B3) .. ."1,397 Logan (C2) 2,412 Royalton (B3) Manti(C4) "1,469 . 2,209 Rutland (B3) Midvale(B3) 14,954 1,308 St. Albans (Al) Milford(B5) 7,588 1,719 St. Johnsbury (D2) 7,164 Monroe (B5) 1,355 Saxtons River Moroni (C4) Mt. Pleasant (B4) 1,000 2,415 Shaftsbury (AS)... "1,534 (C4) 4,584 Shelburne(A2).... "997 Murray (C3) 2,603 Sheldon (Bl) Nephi(C4) "1,473 32,804 So. Royalton (B3) Ogden(C2) 1,100 1,473 Springfield (C4)... Panguitch (B6) 5,283 Park City fC3).... 3,393 Swanton(Al) 1,371 1,640 Vergennes (A2) .. 1,609 Parowan(B6) Payson(C3) 3,031 WartJngford (A4) ."1,581

Heber(C3)

.

.

.

.

Franklin (E4) Fredericksburg (E2) Fries (A4) Front Royal (D2) . Galax (B4) Graham (A3) Hampton (F3).... Harrisonburg (C2) Jlopewell (E3).... Lawrenceville (E4) Leesburg (El) ... Lexington (C3)
(

2,
1,
1,

2,
6, S,
1,

1,
1,

.

.

.

.

2,

.

.

.

Luray(D2) 1, Lynchburg (C3)... 30, Manassas (E2) 1, Marion (C2) 3,
Martinsville (B4).
4,
1,

.

.

Narrows (B3)
National Soldiers

.

.

.

Hoaie (F3) .... Newport News
(F4)

3,

35,

Norfolk (F4)

115
3
... ...
1,

.

Norton (B2) Onancock (G3) Penniman (F3)
Phoebus (F3)
Pinners
(1^4)

2,

.

.

Petersburg (E3)... 30
3
1
. .

.

Pocahontas (A3)

2

.

.

Pleasant Grove (C3) Price (D4) Providence (C2) Prove (C3) Richfield (C5) Richmond (C2) ..
.

Waterbury (B2)... 1,515 Port Norfolk (F4) 1 1,682 W.Rutland (A3).. "3,391 Portsmouth (F4)..54, 2,364 White River Junc5, Pulaski (A3) 1,132 4, 2.500 Radford (B3) tion (C3)
.

.

10,303 Williamstowa 3,262 (B2) 1,396 Windsor (C4)

RICHMOND
(E3)

"1,526
3,061

Roanoke (B3).

.

.

171 .50
1

George (A6).... 2,215 Winooski (Al) 4,932 Rockvmount (C4) Salina(C5) 1,451 Woodstock (B3)... 1,252 Salem (B3)
St.

SALT LAKE CITY (B3).... 118,110
Sandy (C3)
.
.

4
2,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

VntGINIA 1,208 2,421 Abingdon (B2).... 2,532 Smithfield (C2) Spanish Fork (C3). 4,036 Alexandria (E2)... 18,060 3,010 AltaVista (C3) ... Springville(C3).. 1,206 2,072 Appalachia (Bl).. 2,036 Sunnyside (D4) 3,602 Arlington (F2).... 1,000 Tooele (B3) 1,309 Ashland (E3) Vernal (E3> 1,299 Wellsville(C2).... 1,298 Basic (D2) 2,21? Bedford City (C3). 3,24 J Berkley (F4) 5,200 1,138 Arlington (A4).... "1,370 Berry ville (El) "1,685 Bigstone Gap (B2) 3,009 Barnet(C2) 10,008 Blacksburg (B3).. 1.095 Barre(C2) Barton (CI) 1,187 Blackstone (D3) .. 1,497 6,729 Bellows Falls (C4). 4,860 BristoKBI) Bennington (A5) 7,230 Buenavista (C3) .. 3,911 "1,782 Cape Charles (F3) 2,517 Bethel (B3) Brandon (A3) 1,631 Charlottesville 10,688 (D2) Brattleboro (B5) . 7,324 1,251 Chase City (D4) .. 1,646 Bristol (A2) 1,171 Burlington (A2)... 22,779 Chatham (C4) ... Castleton (A3). ..."1,919 Chincoteague Island (G3) 1,418 Charlotte (A2).. .."1,160 "1,087 Christiansburg (B3) 1,64 Chelsea (C3) 2,300 Danville (C2).... "1,494 Clarendon (E2) .. "1,226 Clifton Forge (C3). 6,164 Dorset (A4) Colonial Beach (E2) 1,093 Enosburg Falls 5,623 (Bl) 1,236 Covington (B3) 2,097 Essex Jet. (A2).... 1,410 Crewe (D3) 1,819 "1,244 Culpeper (D2) Fairfax (Bl) "1,532 Damascus (CI)... 1,599 Fairfield (Al) 21,539 Danville (C4) 2,182 Fairhaven (A3) 1,795 Ferrisburg(A2)... "1,338 Dendron(F3)
.
.

Saltville (C2) Schoolfield (C4)

..3,
.

Shenandoah (D2)
Smithfield (F4) ..

1,
1,

.

.

So. Boston (D4)... So. Norfolk (F4) ..

4,
7.

.

.

Staunton (C2)....
Suffolk (F4)

10,
9,
1, 1, 1,

Tazewell (CI)....

Toano(F3)
Victoria (D3)

VERMONT

Vinton (C3)

2,
.

.

.

Warrenton (E2).. Waverly(E3) Waynesboro (C2) West Norfolk (F4).
.

1,

1,
1, 1, 1

Y/estpoint (F3) ...

.

.

.

Williamsburg (F3) Winchester (Dl).. Woodstock (D2) Wytheville(B4)...
.

2, 6,
1,

.

2,

.

WASHINGTON
Aberdeen (B2)....
Anacortes (CI) ... Arlington (Dl)
15,
5,
1,

.

Auburn (C2)
Blaine (CI)

3,

Bellingham(Cl)..25,
2,
.

.

.

.

Bremerton (C2).. Buckley (D2)

8,
1,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Burlington (CI).. Camas (C4) Centralia (C3) Charleston (C2)...
.
.

1, 1,

.

.

.

7,

3,

.

.

flTOEX
WASH.,
Chehalis(C3) Cheney (H2)
Cont'd
4,558
...
.
.

OP UNITED STATES

159

Chewelah(Hl)
Clarkston (H3)

.

CleElum(E2)....

Colfax (H3) 1,71 Colville(Hl) 1.512 Cosmopolis (B3) Davenport (G2)... 1,112 2,695 Dayton (Hi) Ellensburg(E3)... 3,967

1,252 1,288 1,859 2,661 3,027 Eskdale(D4)

2,527 Charlestown (L2) 3,283 Chester (K4) Clarksburg (F2)... 27,867 1,263 Clendenin (D3) . 2,491 Davis (H2) 6,788 Elkins (G3) Elm Grove (K5).. 1,899
.

.

.

1,003
17, 851

Fairmont (F2)....

Follansbee(K5)... 3,135 1,038 Fulton (K5)

Elma(B2) Enumclaw(D2)...

Gassaway (E3) ... 1,518 8,517 Grafton (F2) 1,253 Harrisville(D2)... 1,036 1,378 Hinton(E5) 3;912
HollidaysCove(LS)l,213 Huntington (B3) .50,177 6,0U3 Keyser (J2) Keystone (DO).... 1,839 1,228 Kimball (D6) 1,428

27,644 Everett (CI) Goldendale (E4) .. 1,274 3,942 Hillyard(H2) (A2) .... 10,058 Hoquiam

Kalama(C3)
Kelso (C3)

2,228

Kingwood (Gl)

.

.

.

Kent(C2)

Kennewick(F3)... 1,684 Lewisburg (F5) 2,282 rogan(C5)
.

.

.

.

1,417 1,202

Kirkland (C2) Leavenworth (E2)
.
.

.

.

Lynden(Cl)
Marysville

(CD

..

Medical Lake(H2) Monroe (D2)
.

1,354 1,791 1,244 1,244 2,545 1,675

2,158 Montesano (B2) Mt. Vernon (CI).. 3,341
.

0LYMP1A(B2)..
Palouse(H3) Pasco (F3) Pomeroy (H3)
. .

7,795 1,179 3,362 1,804 Port Angeles (Bl). 5,351 Port Blakeley 1,950 (C2) Port Townsend 2,847 (Bl) 1,697 Prosser(F3)... 2,440 Pullman (H3).. 6,323 Puyallup (C2) 4,260 Raymond (B3), 3,301 Renton(C2)... 1,900 RitzviUe (G2) 2,673 Roslyn(E2) 315,312 Seattle (C2)
. .

2,998 3,356 McMechen (K6) Mabscott(D5).... 1,114 Mannington (Fl). 3,673 1,177 Marlinton (F4) Martinsburg (K2) 12,515 1,023 Milton (B4) Monongah(F2)... 2,031 Montgomery (D4). 2,130 Morgantown (Gl).12,127 Moundsville (K6) 10,669 Mount Hope (D5) 1,989 1,425 Mullens (D5)
.

.

.

.

.

1,798

3,016 5,165

.

New

Cumberlantl (K4)
(Dl)

1,816
2,341 1,705

New Martinsville
PadenCityCEl)..
Parkersburg 20,050 (D2) 2,001 Parsons (G2) 1,654 Pennsboro(D2).. 1,543 Philippi(G2)
.

Piedmont

Sedro Woolley 3,389 (CI) Snohomish (D2).. 2,985 1,948 South Bend (A3) Spokane (H2).... 104,437
. .

2,835 3,059 Princeton (E6).... 6,224 Ravenswood (C3) 1,284
(J 1)....
.

Pt. Pleasant (B3)

.

Richwood(F4).... 4,331
Rivesville(Fl)....

Sumner (C2)
Sunnyside (F3)
. .

Tacoma (C2) Tekoa(H2)
.

1,061 1,028 Ronceverte (F5) .. 2,319 1,499 Rowlesburg (G2) 1,225 1,809 St. Albans (C4) .. . 2,825 . 96,965 St. Marys (D2) .. 1,648 1,520 2,920

Romney(J2)

.

.

3,120 Toppenish (E3) Vancouver (C4).. 12,637 Waitsburg(H3)... 1,174 Walla Walla
. .
.

1,063 1,079

3,238 3,650

(G3) Waterville (E2)

.

.

.

15,503 1,198 18,539

Wenatchee(E2)... 6,324

Yakima

(E3)

WEST VmCINIA

Descriptive Gazetteer
of the

Principal Countries of the
Copyright C.
S.

World

Hammond &

Co.,

N. Y.

ABYSSINIA
native kingdom of East Africa, sepaThe Country. rated from the Red Sea by Italian, French and British coloIt is mainly a nies; area about 350,000 square miles. plateau varying from 4,000 ft. to 8,000 ft. high. Minerals abound, including gold, silver, iron, rock salt and coal. Government. Abyssinia is ruled by an emperor and
political institutions essentially feudal.

A

Towns. The principal towns are Kabul, the capital, 6,396 feet above sea level; Herat, the chief to^-n in the west, an important depot for the carpets of central Asia; Kandahar, the chief city in the south; Ghanzi, Jelalabad and Faizabad.
Principal

ALBANIA
Albania is a mountainous country on the western side of the Balkan peninsula, with an area of about 11,000 square miles. It is independent, but under the In the center, part of the political influence of Italy.

The Country.

Commerce and Industry. Abyssinia is an agricultural and grazing country varying in climate and products. In
indigenous.

the south, cotton does well, while further north, coffee is Sugar is grown in the south and oranges, indigo and bananas are abundant. The forests produce ebony, mahogany and other hard woods, as well as acacia

and bamboo.
cattle.

In the northwest

is

a district famous for

exports mainly consist of coffee, skins and hides, bees-wax, ivory, rubber, butter and herbs. Communications. The main avenue of trade is the

The

French-Ethiopian Railway which runs from the port of Djibouti, in French Somaliland to the Abyssinian capital, Addis Abeba, a distance of 490 miles. In the West and north, goods are exported via Khartum. Principal Towns. The principal towns are Addis Abeba,
the capital; Harar, Adowa, Gondar, Ankober and Gambela.

plateau is cultivable and in the south there is fertile alluvial Saseno Island, off the soil with grazing land on the slopes. Albanian coast, forms the Gibraltar of the Adriatic. Commerce and Industry. Albania has little outside trade. Tobacco, wool and olive oil are the principal products. Forests are scarce but as for minerals, Albania posThere is little agrisesses silver, copper, gold and lead. culture, but in a few districts, fair crops of corn are raised and olives, mulberries and other fruits are grown. Flocks

and herds provide the main subsistence

of the people.

Communications. Northern Albania has one road connecting Durazzo and Tirana with Scutari. Central Albania has no roads but some military roads have been constructed in the south.
Principal Towns. The principal towns are Durazzo, a Scutari, Tirana, the provisional capital; Elbassan, the port Avlona (Valona) and Goritza (Korytsa.)

AFGHANISTAN
The Country.
sian frontier to

port;

The length of Afghanistan from the Perthe Khyber Pass is about 600 miles and

the extreme width north to south about 500 miles, estimated area being 245,000 square miles. It is mainly mountainous, broken by deep ravines and fertile valleys. Government. Afghanistan is an absolute monarchy. The country is divided into provinces, each ruled by a governor responsible to the Ameer. Commerce and Industry. Climate and products are those of temperate regions, varying in altitude, permitting
cultivation in the south of tobacco, cotton and fruits. The spring crop consists of wheat, barley and lentils and the autumn harvest produces rice, millet, sorghum, tobacco and corn. Cotton goods, indigo, tea and sugar are the chief articles of import and the wool and skins of fat-tailed sheep, cattle, horses, timber, fruit, silk and drugs are the

ANDORRA
The Country.

A small republic in the eastern

Pyrenees,

with an area of about 190 square miles. Government. Andorra is under the joint suzerainty of the president of France and the bishop of Urgel and its government is intrusted to a council of twenty-four members, holding office for four years, who elect the first and second syndic to preside. The executive power rests with the first
syndic while the
civil

judge and two magistrates alternately
Agriculture thrives where the and tobacco being

exercise judicial power. Commerce and Industry.
soil is

suited to tillage, rye, barley, vines

There is also some mineral wealth, especially iron and lead. Transport difficulties make_ exploitation
cultivated.

Of manufactured articles, silk and carmost important. Communications. There are no railways in the country. The Khyber and Bolan roads are fit for light-wheeled Mertraffic as far as Kabul and Kandahar, respectively. chandise is still transported on camel or pony back. Telephonic communication exists between Dakka, Jelalabad and Kabul, a distance of 136 miles, and it is being extended to Kandahar.
principal exports.

doubtful.

The

inhabitants pay

much

attention to stock-

pets are the

breeding.

Prindpal Town: Andorra la Vieja.

ARGENTINA
American republic with an area about 1,153,119 square miles. The republic measures about twenty-three hundred miles from north to south. It is mountainous toward the west and the mountains extend to the Western Andes. The remainder of the surface con-

The Country.

A South

of

160

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
drained by the Parana, Plata, Colorado and other rivers flowing into the Atlantic. GoTernment. The constitution of the Argentine Confederation resembles that of the United States, The republic consists of 14 provinces, 10 territories and one federal district. The provinces elect their own governors and legislatures. The territories are under governors appointed by the president. The executive power, which is practically independent of the legislature, is in the hands of a president elected for six years by electors appointed by the provinces. The national congress consists of a senate and a house of
sists of grassy plains, forested hills,

161

eastern plains, and are both navigable and irrigable for hundreds of miles, the western half of the continent is almost

There are 30 senators, two elected by each province and two by the capital; one-third of the senate is renewed every three years. The 120 deputies are elected directly by the people for four years, but half the house reJustice is administered by a federal tires every two years. court of five judges which sits at Buenos Aires, four appeal coiu-ts with three judges each at Buenos Aires, La Plata, Cordoba and Parana, and provincial and a number of minor courts. Each province has formulated its own judideputies.
cial

The soil is generally fertile even in the most heavy rainfall favors a rapid growth of vegetation— but while the eastern shores are washed by a warm ocean current from the north, the western shores are washed by a cold current from the Antarctic Ocean. The eastern half is visited at intervals of every few years by droughts causing heavy loss and suffering. In the northern tropical belt, where several short but torrential rivers run into the sea, growth is again luxuriant; but the whole of this great district, potentially wealthy in minerals as well as in pasture and arable land, awaits development. The eastern plains form one of the great stock-raising diswaterless.

arid districts a

tricts of

the world.

Government.

The Commonwealth

of Australia is di-

system.

Commerce and Industry. Argentina is in the forefront among the countries in exporting food and iraw materials
such as wheat, corn, linseed, oats, alfalfa, wool, chilled or frozen meal and hides. Tobacco-growing is not inconsidThe northern erable and cotton-growing is increasing. forests supply bard quebracho, excellent for building but also exported for use in tanning. Textiles, food-stuffs, iron, glassware and oil are the chief articles of import. The metric system of weights and measures is compulsory. Communications. There are about 25,000 miles of railways in operation, about one-third of which are owned by the government. The rivers Parana, Plata, and Uruguay also form important means of communication. There is an excellent postal, telegraph and telephone system and cable communication with all parts of the world. Principal Towns. Buenos Aires, the capital; Rosario, Cordoba, Tucuman, Santa Fe, Mendoza, La Plata, and Bahia Blanca.

vided politically into six states: New South Wales, Western Australia, Southern Australia, Victoria and Queensland and two territories, the Northern Territory and the Federal Capital Territory, which, with Tasmania, constitute the Commonwealth. Australia is a self-governing dominion of the British Empire and its constitution is defined by the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act

Commonwealth under the Crown of the United Kingdom." It is governed, like other governor-general appointed by British dominions, by a
as "an indissoluble Federal

and responsible to the crown; the governor-general is assisted by an advisory federal executive council— in The practice, the commonwealth cabinet of the day. Australian parliament consists of two houses, caiied the senate and the house of representatives. In the theory of the constitution the senate represents the states, and the house of representatives the people, as in the U. S. A.; but the senators in Australia are elected directly by the
people.

Commerce and

Industry.

There are no native

cattle,

AUSTRALIA
Australia may be considered the largest island and the smallest continent in the world. It is the greatest isolated mass of land south of the equator. Its total

industry is the produchas long been the second tion of wool. Genera! industry, and wheat is grown for export. In recent years wines have become an important subsidiary industry. The
sheep, horses, or pigs.
agricultiu'e
soil of

The main

many

districts, particularly in

South Australia, Vic-

The Country.

Tasmania, is 2,974,581 square a coastline of about 8,800 miles. Its extreme measurements are from Cape York in the north to Wilson's Promontory in the south, about 2,000 miles and from Steep Point in the west to Cape Byron in the east, 2,450 miles. Its climate is partly temperate and partly sub-tropical. Tasmania, the island of the southeast, is the most temperate
area, including the island of
miles, with area, with a climate similar to that of Ireland.

South Wales, is suitable to the grape. The discovery of gold in Victoria first called attention to Australian minerals. Before this, copper and coal had been mined to some extent, but it was the sensational finds of gold in Victoria that induced the great stream of immigratoria

and

New

Since then large quantities of gold have been found tion. in Western Australia, enormous deposits of silver at Broken Hill in New South Wales, and other metals else-

A series of

highlands runs along the eastern and northeastern shores of Australia; coastal plains are the feature of the southeastern littoral, which broaden out in the eastern half of the interior into a great plain through w^hich flow the main rivers of

where. Australia is now one of the great metal-producing countries of the world, both for precious and base, and the extent of the deposits, particularly in Queensland and the Northern Territory, is still imperfectly known. AgriculluTal
products: wheat, oats, barley, corn, hay, potatoes, sugarMineral output: gold, cane, beet sugar, wine and fruit.

NewSouth Wales, Victoria and South Australia—the Darling,

Murrumbidgee and Murray. This plain covers nearly the whole of New South Wales and adjacent parts of Queensland and Victoria. Another large plain stretches

Imports: textiles, silver, copper, zinc and tin. yarns, woolen, all other apparel (including boots), bags and sacks, cotton piece goods and other textiles, manlead,

ufactures of metal, agricultural machinery, other machinery, iron and steel, plate and sheet, tinned plates, vehicles and parts, paper and paper boards, drugs, chemicals and fertilizers, oils and waxes, tobacco, alcoholic liquors, and sugar. Exports: wool, wheat, flour, skins and hides, tinned meat, butter, beef, copper ingots and bars, tallow, silver, jama and ielliea, leather products,

inland along the Great Bight in the south, but both middle and southern plains give way to the western plateau, which reaches from the Indian Ocean to the Eyria Peninsula and comprises over half the continent. Although the Darling, Murrumbidgee and Murray water the great area of the

162
metal
products,

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
mutton
and
lamb, dry
chemicals
fertilisers,

and

milk, tin ingots, coal and zinc concentrates.

Communications.
23,295.

Government railways, miles open Private railways in commonwealth, open for

Canberra

968 miles. Melbourne, present capital until the ready for the new capital; Ballarat, gold field center; Bendigo, quartz crushing; Sydney, capital of New South Wales with Port Jackson, one of the world's most convenient harbors; Parramatta, in the orange disgeneral
traffic,

Principal Towns.
site is

Newcastle, coal-mining town and place of coal exBrisbane, capital of Queensland, important port; Adelaide, one of chief ports and capital of South Australia; Perth, capital of Western Australia; Fremantle, port for
trict;

port;

Commerce and Industry. While Belgium is a great agricultural country its prosperity is in scarcely less degree the result of industrial activity. The principal manufactures are lace, iron work, locomotives and steam engines, motor cars, arms, bronze, porcelain, glass, etc. Belgium is rich in minerals including valuable zinc and coal mines. Metric weights and measures. Communications. The railway sj'stem is the oldest on the continent, total mileage 6,600. With few exceptions all railways are owTied by the state. There are more than fifty canals, with a total length of over 3,000 miles, and five ship caii^is.
,

Principal

Towns.

Brussels,

the

capital;

Antwerp,

Liege, and Ghent.

Perth; Albany, port;

Hobart, capital of Tasmania, im-

portant port.

AUSTRIA
republic consists roughly of the German-speaking portion of what was Austria in the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary. The approximate area of the country is about 30,766 square miles. A large part of the Alps lies in that part of western Austria called the Tyrol. Eastern Austria is in the valley of the Danube

The Country.

The Austrian

Dependencies. Belgian Congo in central Africa, with an area of 909,654 square miles. This colony is of great importance to the mother country owing to its great yield Principal towns are of rubber, palm nuts and palm oil. Leopoldville, the capital, and Bcma, the seaport.

BOLIVIA
The area of the republic of Boli\'ia is estimated at about 514, Lj5 square miles. Cut off from direct access to the sea, it is the most sparsely populated of any The northern part is the of the South American republics. more inhabited, as it contains the Lake of Titicaca and

The Country.

and its branches. Government. A national constitutional assembly consisting of a single cham"ber, is elected by universal sutfrage. Seven of the eight provinces have an assembly of one chamriver

many well-watered valleys around lower tableland is chiefly a desert.
Governrficnt.

it.

The southern and

ber; the city of Vienna, the eighth province, holds a special
position in respect to local government.

vote for four

The president is elected by direct popular years; the chamber of deputies, 68 in num-

Commerce and
but there
is

Industry.
forestry

Agriculture predominates,

ber, also for four years, one-half the deputies retiring every

some

tures include cottons,

and stockbreeding. IManufacwoollens, glass, woodwork, pianos,

two years; the senators, 16 two
and
years.

in number, two for each department, are elected for six years, one-third retiring every

motor cars, etc. The country has not been deprived of all minerals and is producing lignite, anthracite, and iron ore in considerable quantities. Some copper, zinc, silver and gold ore, lead and salt are also produced. Chief imports are coal, iron and food stuffs. Weights and measuresmetric system.

There are two

capitals,
is

an arrangement due to

eariy local rivalries.
legislature.
is also

La Paz The supreme
industry.

the seat of the executive tribunal sits at Sucre , which

the seat of the archbishop.

Commerce and
visions,

The

chief imports are pro-

hardware, wines and

spirits, cotton,

woolen, linen

Communications. Although now a land-locked state, Austria was accorded free access by rail to the Adriatic. The Danube river is internationalized from the Ulm to the Black Sea. There are about 4,000 miles of railroads

and ready-made clothes. The chief exports are silver, tin and rubber. There is scarcely any food export. The metric system of weights and measures is in
and silk goods,
use.

and an elaborate telephone system. Principal Towns. Vienna, the capital; Gratz, Linz, Innsbruck, Salzburg, Wiener-Xeustadt and Klagenfurt.

BELGIUM
Belgium is the most densely populated country in Europe, occupying an area of 11,373 square In the Ardennes, which include parts of the provmiles. inces of Namur, Luxemburg and Liege, the average elevation is about 500 feet while the highest points attain an altitude of little over 2,000 feet. The country is well watered, but its two principal rivers, the Schelde and the Meuse, are Belgian only in part. Their affluents, however, are for the greater part held by Belgium and those of the Schelde are the more important of the two. Four-fifths of the land is under cultivation and more people are employed on the land than in all the trades, including mines. Government. Belgium is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy. The legislative power is vested in the chamber of representatives and the senate, whose members are elected partly directly and partly indirectly.

The Country.

Communications. Three railways descend from the highlands to the Chilean ports of Antofagasta and Arica and to the Peru\-ian port of MoUendo, the total railway mileage being about 1,500 miles. Rubber and timber of the eastern forests are carried to the Amazon and Atlantic by Brazilian rail and river. Southern Boli\-ia has an outlet by way of Tupiza to the Ai-genrine railway system. Notwithstanding the extensive navigable waters and a considinternal

erable extent of roads, partly admitting slow motor traffic, communication is very defective. Principal Towns. La Paz, the actual seat of govern-

ment; Sucre, the capital; Santa Cruz, and Trinidad.

Cochabamba, Potosi, Oruro,

BRAZIL
more than half of the South American continent, an area of 3,275,510 square miles and is the largest of the South American republics. From north to south, the extreme measure of her territory On the is 2,630 miles; from east to west it is even greater.

The Country.

Brazil occupies

north and west are the great depressions of the

Amazon

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
and Paraguay rivers which comprise large areas of floodplains and swamps, heavily wooded, and almost uninhabitable.

163

The interior of the country is a high plateau with a general elevation of 1,000 to 3,000 feet, irregularly ridged by mountains and deeply cut by large rivers. The mountainous ranges of the maritime system form the eastern
margin
of this plateau.

Brazil possesses three great river-

systems— the Amazon, Plata, and San Francisco.

The

Amazon and its tributaries drain fully half The Plata system drains nearly one-fifth

of the country.

of the country

through its "three branches— the Paraguay, Parana, and Uruguay. Only the first of these is freely navigable for a long distance. Government. The United States of Brazil constitute a federal republic, having a general resemblance to the constitution of the United States of America, but with one
notable difference. The Brazilian states have severally the right of levying export duties— a concession to local sentiment. The country is divided into twenty states, one national territory, and one federal district, which includes

In the north-west and south-west respectively lie the mountains of Donegal and Kerry, while to the east lie the Wicklow Mountains, and the basalt plateau of Antrim. In Scotland three well-marked divisions stand out: the highlands, the southern uplands and between these two the central lowlands, into which fourThe lowlands contain fifths of the population is crowded. the richest agricultural land, as well as the coal-fields. They are penetrated by three great estuaries, the Firths of Tay and Forth on the east, and of Clyde on the west, so that communication coast-wise or over-seas is everywhere easy. The Welsh upland is flanked to north and east by small coal-fields, but the greatest field, rich in steam coal and anthracite, lies to the south. A belt of limestone running from Bill of Portland to Tees Bay, and bearing at many points valuable iron ores, serves as a rough boundary of industrial England, for to the south and east of it,
sluggish

Shannon.

the capital. The president is elected for four years by direct popular vote. The chamber of deputies contains

212 members; elected for three years. The 63 senators, three for each state and three for the federal district, are elected for nine years, one-third retiring every three years.

apart from the metropolis, agricultural interests predominate. Lying to the west of the limestone band, is the Devon-Corawall peninsula, where great bosses of granite and slate build the famous moors. The Channel Islands, lying across the English Channel off the coast of Normandy, and the Scilly Islands, lying south-west of Land's End, enjoy an almost complete freedom from frost

Commerce and
first

Industry.

Agriculture continues to hold

place in

Brazil and the industries are related closely

to agriculture. Brazil is the chief coffee producer of the world and the next natural product is rubber. Rice, cotton, sugar, tobacco, Paraguay tea and cacao are important products. Textiles amount to about forty per cent of the

and severe weather. Government. The government is vested in crown and parliament. England is united with Wales in a system of local government, for the purposes of which the country
administrative counties, in each of represented by a local lord-lieutenant. administered by justices of the peace County affairs are and county councils. In certain matters, for instance, education, Wales and Monmouthshire have a distinct organizaThere is also a Welsh board of health with headtion. quarters at Cardiff. The Isle of Man has a governor appointed by the Crown and its own laws and government. For the general control of Scottish affairs by the government, there is a secretary for Scotland, who does not rank as a secretary of state. Certain British state departments, e.g., the home office and board of trade, have authority in Scotland, but for other branches of public work there are separate Scottish departments, these including education,
is

divided into

fifty
is

which the crown

Both the forests and mines Gold is found and the greater monazite comes from Brazil. part of the world's supply of There has been lumber development in recent years. Pine has become an important export. Other exports are mica and talc, copper ore, platinum and rock crystal. The metric system of weights and measures is compulsory, but
total

manufactured

articles.

of Brazil are important.

nevertheless certain local units are

still

used.

Communications. About 20,000 miles of railways are open for traffic. While many of these are short lines connecting the several ports with towns in the interior, the entire system now joins the railways of Brazil with those of Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay. The republic has over 10,000 miles of navigable waterways open to river
steamers and ocean-going vessels and 20,000 miles additional which are navigable for light-draft and flat-bottom

agriculture,

and

health.

Commerce and

Industry.
its

The kingdom owes
prosperity.

mineral wealth the basis of

to its Soft coal of the

boats only.
Principal Towns. Rio de Janeiro, the capital; Sao Paulo, Bahia, Pernambuco, Para (Belem), Porto Alegre, Manaos and Parahiba.

England and Wales; iron abounds in the same regions, and in Scotland and Ireland; Cornwall since pre-historic times, tin has been mined in and zinc, copper, gold and silver, with a large range of
finest quality underlies central

non-metallic minerals, are also present. Fisheries are conducted on an extensive scale and furnish a large proportion of the food of the people. The climate favors the

BRITISH EMPIRE
BRITISH ISLES
AND DEPENDENCIES IN EUROPE
The British Isles comprise the United The Irish Free State. governmental functions of Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State are treated under these respective headings. The Kingdom of Great Britain and the Irish Free State have an area of 121,633 square miles. Within the small compass of the islanas there is a considerable variety Ireland is largely an ill-drained plain, of topography. dotted with lakes and peat-bogs, and crossed by the
The
Countries.

breeding of horses, cattle and sheep, and the development of certain breeds has greatly improved the livestock of the worid. About half of the total area is devoted to agriculture but the total product is insufficient for home demands. The vast supplies of coal, the geographical
situation,

Kingdom, Northern Ireland and the

and the

deficiency in agricultural resources,

have combined to favor and force an industrial development. Great Britain maintains supremacy in shipbuilding and naval equipment and ranges among the greatest producers of iron and steel, machinery, metallic goods, textiles and leather goods. The majority of the population is employed in these industries, for which markets are found in all parts of the world.

:

164
British

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES

Emvire-^oniinued Communications. There are about 24,000 miles of railways, and 4,700 miles of canals. The Manchester Ship Canal, opened in 1894, is 353^ miles in length and 28 feet in depth. The canal is in direct communication with all the principal railway systems and barge canals of the Kingdom. Principal Towns. London, the capital, is the largest
city of Europe; Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland; Dublin,

Nigeria, Kenya, Togoland, Tanganyika, Uganda, Zanzibar, Nyasaland, Somaliland, Swaziland. In the protectorates and colonies native kings and chiefs are encouraged to govern their own people, and native laws and customs are respected unless they conflict with justice

or morality. The chartered company which, until recently, controlled the administration of Rhodesia, has been relieved of its obligations. Northern Rhodesia has been constituted

capital of the Irish Free State; Glasgow,

shipbuilding,

general manufactures

famous for its and great shipping

trade; Manchester, the great cotton manufacturing center, connected with the great port of Liverpool by a shipcanal.

Birmingham,

Sheffield,

and

Wolverhampton,

manufacturing centers for machinery, cutlery and hardware; Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, is the seat of the Irish linen trade and of shipbuilding interests; Leeds and Bradford, woolen centers; Bristol a manufacturing and commercial port; Hull and Dundee, important fishing centers; Newcastle and the Tyne ports, coal exporters; Nottingham, noted for laces, curtains, boots and shoes; Cardiff and Swansea, the chief Welsh ports, exporting
:

a crown colony, while Southern Rhodesia has been granted government and becomes a self-governing dominion. Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Consists of fifteen provinces under military governors. Area about 1,014,000 square miles. Principal source of world supply of gum arable and ivory. Cotton growing important. Principal Towns: Khartum, the capital; Omdurman, Meroe, Suakin, El-Obeid. Ascension Island in South Atlantic, a dependency of the colony of St. Helena. Area, 34 square miles. Garrison staresponsible
tion, GeorgetouTi.

Basutoland (Territory). Area 11,716 square miles. Produces cattle, wool, wheat, maize and Kaffir com.
Capital, l\Iaseru.

quantities of coal

and

ore.

DEPENDENCIES
The
Countries.
Consist of the Island of Malta in the

Bechuanaland (Protectorate). Area about 275,000 square Administered by Union of South Africa. Cattle Headquarters of administration at Mafeking, Transvaal. Principal Towns: Serowe,
miles.

rearing is principal industry.

Mediterranean and Gibraltar.
Malta. An island south of Sicily, with an area of 91 J^ square miles; total area wuth the neighboring dependent island 118 square miles. Chief products: wheat, barley, Considerable fishing industry. Chief potatoes and fruit.

Francistown.

_

town and

port, Valletta.

Gibraltar. A naval base commanding the entrance to the Mediterranean from the Atlantic Ocean and position Area Ij^ square miles. The trade of great importance.
is chiefly transit trade.

(Colony) formerly German Protectorate. rtiiles, divided into French and British spheres. British sphere, a strip of 28,000 square miles, on Nigerian eastern border. Rich in forest produce. Capital, Buea. Gambia (Colony and Protectorate). Area of colony

Cameroon

Area 191,300 square

proper, St.

Mary

Island, four square miles.

Protectorate,

4,500 square miles.

Capital, Bathurst.

Government.
consisting of 32

Malta has a legislature members and a senate

for local affairs,
of 17

members,

while Gibraltar is administered by a governor who is commander-in-chief and exercises all functions of civil govern-

Gold Coast (Colony) with Ashanti and Norihern TerriArea about 80,000 square miles. Chief products, tories. cocoa (about half world's supply), gold, palm oiland kerAkkra is centre nels, kola nuts, manganese and timber.
of

government.

Other important

toTvns,

Kumassi, Cape

ment and legislation.

BRITISH DEPENDENCIES IN AFRICA
The
Countries.

Consist of a

number

of colonies, pro-

tectorates, provinces, territories, islands and groups of islands, the chartered territory of Rhodesia, the self-govern-

ing Union of South Africa. The last and the independent kingdom of Egypt are described under their own headings. Government. Constitution of British Empire i s largely unwritten, but administration is based on three principles: self-government, wherever and whenever practicable, self-

Area, 245,060 square miles. Rice, corn, cassava, cocoanuts and other tropical products grown on lowlands; wheat, sheep, ostrich and dairy farming thrive on highlands. Forests contain many valuable species of wood. Chief port, Mombasa, with fine harbor. Other towns, Nairobi, capital, Kismayu

Coast-Castle, Sekondi and Axim. Kenya (Crown Colony and Protectorate).

and

Lamu

Mauritius, with dependencies Rodriguez, Diego Garcia

and seven other islands in Indian Ocean, east of MadagasArea about 809 square miles. Produces sugar, fibre, car.
cocoanut
oil.

The dependencies in Africa, support and self-defence. apart from the self-governing Union of South Africa, are administered
1.

Capital, Port Louis.

By By

legislative assembly, partly

or entirely elected,
e.g.,

and an executive council nominated by the crown,
Mauritius.
2.

Nigeria (Colony and Protectorate). Area about 336,000 square miles. Chief products, palm oil, palm kernels, ground nuts, cocoa, rubber, cotton, hides. Tin fields (about 9,000 square miles in Northern Provinces). Large coal fields. Lagos is seat of government. Other trade cen-

a governor with executive and (or) legislative councils nominated by the Crown, e.g., Gambia, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, Seychelles. 3. By a governor alone, e.g., St. Helena, Bechuanaland, Basutoland. 4. By governors or commissioners under the Colonial Office, with nominated advisory or executive councils, e.g.,

Kano, Wari, and Opobo. Nyasaland Protectorate. Formerly British Central Area about 39,573 square miles. Produces cotton, tobacco, ground nuts and tea. Principal Towns: Zomba, the seat of government; Blantyre, Kotakota and Fort Johnston. Rhodesia. Area about 440,000 square miles, extending from the Union of South Africa to the Belgian Kongo.
ters are

Africa.

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Bnthh Empire— Continued
silver,

165
largo

Bahamas.

Twenty inhabited and

number

of unin-

Principal products: Great mineral wealth, including gold, copper, chrome iron, lead and coal. Com, tobacco, and oranges are grown. Principal Towns: Livingstone, the

capital of Northern Rhodesia; Salisbury, the capital of Southern Rhodesia; Bulawayo, Hartley, Gatooma and
Victoria.

from west coast

Helena, solitary island in South Atlantic, 1,200 miles Indusof Africa. Area, 47 square miles. Capital, Jamestown. try, flax. Seychelles, about 90 islands in Indian Ocean. Total area estimated at 156 square miles. Chief products, cocoanuts, vanilla and cinnamon. Sierra Leone (Crown Colony and Protectorate). Area about 31,000 square miles. Produces palm kernels, palm Principal Town: oil, ginger, kola nuts and piassaba. Freetown, capital and greatest seaport in West Africa. Somaliland Protectorate. Area about 68,000 square
St.

habited islands. Principal island, New Providence. Area about 4,404 square miles. Chief industries, sponges and Capital, Nassau. sisal, also pearls, ambergris, and fruit. Staple products, Barbados. Area, 166 square miles. sugar and cotton. Capital, Bridgetown. Bermuda Islands. About 300 islands (twenty inhabited). Area, 19 square miles. Principal products are
onions, potatoes,
tal,
lily

bulbs and garden vegetables.

Capi-

Hamilton.

Area, 89,500 square miles. Principal products are sugar cane, rice, cocoanuts, coffee, para rubBritish Guiana.

ber; also livestock.

British Guiana is manganese ore and mica deposits have

rich in gold also

and

been found.

Capital, Georgetown.
British Honduras.
for mahogany

Area, 8,598 square miles.

Noted
coffee,

and logwood production, also bananas,

cocoa, etc.

Capital, Belize.

miles.

Exports, hides, gums, cattle and sheep.

Principal

Town: Berbera.
Swaziland (Protectorate). Area, 6,678 square miles. Excellent grazing grounds, and large cattle ranches. Sheep brought in large numbers from Transvaal for winter grazing.

Rich mineral deposits; tin exported. copper also exist.

Gold, coal, and

Falkland Islands. East and West Falkland (about 5,300 square miles), and about one hundred small islands; total area, 6,500 square miles. Also dependencies of South Georgia (estimated 1,000 square miles), South Shetlands, South Orkneys, Sandwich group, and Graham Land (AntPrincipal products are whale and whale produce. arctic).

Chief

industries,

sheep farming

and

horse

breeding.

Tanganyika Territory (formerly German East Africa), di\ided between British and Belgians. Area estimated at 365,000 square miles. Native products as in Kenya. European planters grow rubber, sisal, coffee, cotton, rice, sugar, Chief ports, Dar-es-Salaam (capital), Tanga, Baetc. gamoyo, Kilwa Kivinje, Ujiji. Togo (Colony), formeriy German, now under joint Franco-British administration. Total area about 33,700 square miles, of which 12,500 square miles on Gold Coast borders is British. Abundantly cultivated products similar to those of Gold Coast. Capital, Lome. Uganda (Protectorate). Area 109,119 square miles. Chief products, cotton, coffee, oil seeds, ivory and hides. British headquarters, Entebbe. Zanzibar (Protectorate) and Pemba. Two coralline islands, area 640 square miles and 380 square miles, respecUnder a sultan and British commissioner. Clove tively. industry is practically a worid monopoly. Cocoanut industry also of great importance. Zanzibar is one of the finest
;

Capital, Port Stanley.

Area, 4,207 square miles, with Turks and Caicos Islands (170 square miles). Cayman Islands (89 square miles), Movant Cays, and Pedro Cays. Principal products, sugar, bananas, rum, cocoanuts, logwood, coffee, and cocoa. Chief industry in Turks' Islands, is salt raking; in Caymans, cocoanut planting. Principal Towns: Kingston, capital; Spanish To\™, Port Antonio.
Jamaica.

Leeward Islands comprise five presidencies, as follows: Antigua (170 square miles), with Barbuda and Redonda. Produce sugar, cotton, and pineapples. Capital, St. John, St. Kitts (68 square miles) and Nevis (50 square miles), with Anguilla (35 square miles). Produce sugar, syrup, and cotton. Capital, Basseterre. Montserrat. Area about
32 square miles. Chief products, cotton, lime juice, sugar. Chief town, Plymouth. Dominica, about 305 square miles; produces limes and lime products, cocoa, cocoanuts. Chief town, Roseau. British Virgin Islands, about 32 of the group are British, remainder belonging to U.SA. British area, about 58 square miles. Principal islands: Tortola, Chief Industry, cotton; copper Virgin Gorda, Anegada. mine on Virgin Gorda, Newfoundland and Labrador, the latter a political dependency of the former, have a total area of 162,734 square miles. The chief occupation is fishing, dried cod being the leading commercial product, also cod-liver oil. There is a large paper-pulp industry and some mining of iron ore and copper. Principal Towns: St. Johns, the capital; Harbor
Grace and Bonavista.
Trinidad. (1,863 square miles), and Tobago (114 square Principal products are cocoa, crude petroleum, asphalt from a large asphalt lake and coconuts. Capital,
miles).

ports in Africa.

BRITISH DEPENDENCIES IN AMERICA
The
Countries.

In addition to Canada, described sepa-

rately, the British dependencies in

America consist of the Archipelago of West Indies, Bermuda, Falkland Islands, British Guiana, British Honduras and Newfoundland with
Labrador.

Government,
colonies,

All the islands

and

territories are

crown

and the crown is represented by governors. Representative government, with partially or wholly elected legislative councils or executives, exists in Bermuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, Leeward Islands (except Antigua and Dominica), and Newfoundland. In Windward Islands each island has its own institutions, semielective in Grenada and by nominated council in St. Lucia and St. Vincent. Falkland Islands, British Honduras and Trinidad are ruled by governors with nominated In Newfoundland the governor is assisted by an councils.
executive council, a legislative council and an elected

Port of Spain.

Windward

encies as follows: Grenada.

Islands consist of three colonies with dependArea about 133 square miles.

Chief products, sugar, rum, cocoa, nutmegs and spices. Chief town, St. George. St. Vincent. Area, 150 square Produces fine Sea Island cotton and arrowroot; miles.
also sugar,

house of assembly consisting of 36 representatives^

rum, cocoa, and

spices.

Capital, Kingstown.

166
British

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Empire—Continued-Chief industries: sugar refining, shipbuildtal, Victoria. ing and repairing, ropemaking, tin refining, manufacture of tobacco and cement, and deep-sea fishing. Large trade in sugar, flour, rice, cotton, silk, leather, wolframite, iron

Area, 233 square miles. Exports: sugar, cocoa, lime juice, molasses, logwood, hides, and fuel.
St. Lucia.

BRITISH DEPENDENCIES IN ASIA
The Countries. Consists of Aden, Cyprus, Ceylon, Sokotra, Bahrein Islands, British Borneo, Hong Kong, Straits Settlements, Federated Malay States, Mesopotamia and Islands India, with the Andaman, Nicobar, and Laccadive Burma, a major province of India. India, owing to
and
its

and steel goods, Mesopotamia
Great Britain.

tea, oils,

matches, etc.

(Irak).

An independent kingdom between

the rivers Tigris

importance

is

described separately.
_

_

GoTernment.

Aden and its dependencies

(Perim, Lahej,

Euphrates, allied by treaty to The area is 143,250 square miles. It is a land of greatest potentialities, owing to its oil wellsand its rich soil, which is being developed by means of irrigation. Principal Towns: Bagdad, the capital and Basra, the seaport at the head of the Persian Gulf.

and

with Sokotra, and Kuria Muria Islands) are protectorates The sheikh. political resident; Sokotra having a native Bahrein Islands have native sheikh under British protecprotectorate with govBritish North Borneo is a
tion.

Comernor under administration of British North Borneo pany. Brunei has a native sultan. Sarawak is an indeunder British protection with an English pendent state
raja.

Straits Settlements.

British agent for North Borneo and Sarawak and high commissioner for Brunei is the governor of the Ceylon, Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements are crown colonies, with a governor and exec-

Palestine. This British mandate has the object to' provide for the establishment of the Jewish National Home, without prejudicing the rights of the non-Jewish communiThe area is about 9,000 square miles and ties in Palestine. includes only that part of Palestine which lies west of the Jordan. It is mainly an agricultural country, the principal products being raisins, wine, olives, oranges and some tobacco. Principal Towns: Jerusalem the Holy City of Jews.

Moslems and Christians alike, and Yaf a, the chief seaport.
Sarawak. Area about 42,000 square miles; capital, Kuching. Large deposits of coal, gold, silver, antimony, mercury; oil-fields also being developed. Straits Settlements. Consist of Singapore Island with
small islands adjoining at southeast point of peninsula; Penang Island off northwest coast; Wellesley Province on northwest mainland; the Bindings, including island of PangkoT and a strip on the mainland, on west; Malacca

and legislative councils. The Federated Malay States have native rulers with British high commissioner and residents; Johore has a sultan, assisted by British adviser and executive and legislative councils. Mesopotamia is an autonomous kingdom under British mandate. Palestine is governed by a high commissioner who appoints an advisory council composed of 4 Moslems, 3 Christians,
utive

and 3 Jews. , n ..^i Aden and Red Sea Territories. Aden. Area of Settlement and Protectorate about 9,000 square miles; town, 75 square miles; Perim Island, 5 square miles. Fortified coaling station; transhipment trade with adjacent coasts. Industries, pastoral. Sokotra. Area, 1,400 square miles. Kuria Muria, Islands. Area, 29 Capital, Tamareed.

on southwest coast. Also Cocos or Keeling Islands, about 700 miles southwest of Sumatra, Christmas Island, 200 miles east of Cocos Islands and Labuan Island, about 43 miles from Brunei, North Borneo. Total area, 1,600 square Exports include tin, rubber, gums, spices, copra, miles.
sago, gambler, tapioca, preserved pineapples, phosphates of lime. Singapore is chief town and seat of government for Straits Settlements and one of the greatrattans,
est oorts in the world.

square miles. Contain guano deposits. Bahrein Islands. Bahrein Island is 27 miles long by 10 miles broad. Muharrak is 4 miles long by about half a mile wide. Pearl fishing important. Area, 3 1,106 square miles. Chief British North Borneo. products, timber, rubber, tobacco, rice, sago, spices, cocoanuts,

BRITISH DEPENDENCIES IN OCEANIA
The Countries. Australian Commonwealth (with Tasmania), New Zealand and Pacific Islands. Last only dealt with here. Roughly grouped as Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia, they consist of colonies, protectorates and Australian territories, formerly German, with the New Hebrides and Nauru. Total estimated area of the islands discussed here about 208,000 square miles.
Government. British high commissioner for Western Pacific has jurisdiction over the islands, except those asZealand. signed by League of Nations to Australia and

camphor.

Principal

Towns:
.

Sandakan,

Kudat,

Tawao.
Ceylon.

Area, 25,481 square miles.

Ceylon produces

^

,

about one-sixth of the world's tea. Principal grain is rice. Other products include cocoanuts, coffee, cinnamon, vanilla, areca-nut, tobacco. Forests yield ebony and satinwood. Pearl-fishery in the Gulf of Manar. There are about 700 miles of railways. Principal Towns: Colombo, the capital; Jaffna, Point de Galle, Kandy, Trincomali, a naval station.
Cyprus. The third largest island in the Mediterranean, 40 miles from the coast of Asia Minor. Area, 3,584 square Administered by a high commissioner and an miles. executive council. Cyprus is mainly agricultural. The
chief products are wheat, barley, vetches, olives. Sponge abundance. fisheries are carried on and marble is found in

New

Papua has a

legislative council,

partly nominated^

by

New Guinea is adminisgovernor-general of Australia; tered under Commonwealth laws, as are Papuan Islands. governor and legislative council partly elected. Fiji has
Tonga has
affairs

legislative council

on similar
high

lines,

but financial
British

are

supervised by

commissioner.

The

chief exports are animals, lemons and oranges, pomegranates, raisins and wine. Principal Towns: Nicosia, the

policy, as in other parts of the Empire, is to encourage

native administration.
Fiji.

capital;

Larnaka and Limasol.

Crown colony

of

about 250

islands,

80 inhabited,

Federated Malay States. Area, 27,506 square miles. Exports, rubber, copra, tin and tin ore, metals, timber. Hong Kong. Area of island 32 square miles; with Kowloon and New Territories about 391 square miles; capi-

including Viti Levu. (area, 4,053 square miles), Vanua Levu (area, 2,130 square miles), Rotuma. Chief products: sugar,
molasses, copra, rubber, bread-fruit, plantains, bananas.
CaoitJil,

Suva.

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
British

167

Empire— Contin iied—

Nauru or Pleasznt Island. Formerly German, now administered by Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. Small coral island; has valuable deposits of phosphates.

New

Britain Archipelago,

pelago, assigned to Australia.

formerly Bismarck ArchiNative industry; cocoanut

There are about 1,500 miles of railway in operation in the country of which about 200 are narrow gauge. There are aliout 3,500 miles of telegraph and about 1,500 miles of telephone lines. Principal Towns. Sofia, the capital; Philippopolis (Plovdiv), Rustchuk, Varna, Shumla, Slivno and Plevna
(Pleven).

Communications.

growing. Total area of islands, about 18,200 sf|uare miles. New Hebrides. Under joint British and French administration. Area, 5,500 square miles. Chief products:
copra, maize, cotton, coffee.

CANADA
The Country.
The Dominion
of

Papua
consists

(British of

New

Canada

consists of

Guinea).
portion
of

Australian territory,

southeast

New

Guinea

D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade gi'oups. Area, square miles. Industries: gold and copper mining, pearlTrading center: fishing, rubber, cocoanut, sisal-hemp. Port Moresby. Northeast portion of New Guinea, formerly Kaiser Wilhelm's Land, is also Australian territory. Area, 70,000 square miles. Chief products; cocoanul, rubber, yams, bananas. Phoenix Islands. Group of eight small islands. Area, 16 square miles. Pitcairn Island (Colony). Area, 2 square miles. Chief products: sugar-cane, sweet potatoes, yams, pineapples, bananas, arrowroot and coffee. Solomon Islands. British Protectorate includes Guadalcanar, Malayta, San Cristoval, New Georgia, Choiseul, Santa Cruz group were added in Ysabel, and Lord Howe. 1890. Bougainville, area 3,500 square miles. Buka Island, area 300 square miles; formerly German, assigned to Australia. Total area about 11,000 square miles. Chief products: cocoanuts, rubber, pineapples, bananas. Area 385 Tonga or Friendly Islands (Protectorate). square miles. Products: copra, kava, green fruit, fungus,
candlenuts.

with 90,540

Ontario and Quebec, with the maritime provinces of Nova New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, the three prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, Yukon and North-West Territories. Total area, 3,729,665 square miles (water area about 126,000 square miles). Goverrmient, Executive authority vested in governorgeneral, appointed by the British crown, and executive council; legislative power in federal parliament; governor-general has power of veto, but appeal lies to privy council. Senate of 104 life members may be nominated by governor-general; present number, 96. House of commons with 235 members, to be increased to 244, elected for five years. Women have vote except in Quebec. Nine provinces have local legislatures, and control of administration under lieutenant-governor. Territory of Yukon under chief executive officer and elective council. North West Territories administered by commissioner and
Scotia,

nominated council. Commerce and Industry. Staple industry, agricultiu-e; great wheat belt in prairie provinces; 55,000,000 acres under field crops. Area of land covered by timber between 500,000,000 and 600,000,000 acres. Pulp and paper production important. Mineral products include gold,
silver, nickel,

Other Islands. Gilbert Islands (Colony) area 166 square produce phosphates, cocoanuts, and pandanus fruit. Lagoon group, area 14 square miles. Union or Tokclau group, area 7 square miles. Fanning Island, area 15 square miles. Washington Island, area, 6 square Christmas Island, which has valuable phosphate miles. Area, about 56 square miles. deposits, anne.xed 1919.
,

miles,

coal, asbestos, petroleum.

copper, cobalt, chromite, iron, zinc, lead, Among the producing mines

Ellice or

are the great nickel-copper mines of Sudbury, the chief source of the nickel supply of the world; the silver mines of Cobalt, perhaps the richest silver-bearing area of the world;

BULGARIA
an area of about is hilly and well watered by numerous streams of which the Isker, Struma and Maritza are the most important. Government. Bulgaria is a constitutional monarchy. The legislative authority is vested in a single chamber called the Sobranye or national assembly. The members of it are elected by universal suffrage. For local administration the country is divided into a number of departments, each under a prefect assisted by a departmental
state covering

The Country.

A Balkan

40,656 square

miles.

The country

the gold mines of Porcupine, which comprise three of the greatest gold mines of the worid; together with important mica, feldspar and talc mines, in Ontario; the asbestos mines of Quebec, the source of most of the asbestos of the world; the coal mines of Nova Scotia and Alberta, and the coal, copper, lead and gold mines of British Columbia. Canada is the principal fur-bearing country. Other industries include
fish,

chiefly

salmon and

lobster,

and

canneries, fruit, wool,
cultural implements.

tobacco,

maple-sugar, and agriof canal, river,

Communications.
lake navigation.

Over 2,700 miles

and

Eight rivers over 1,000 miles in length, including Mackenzie, St. Lawrence, Nelson, and Saskatchewan. Railway mileage totals about 40,000 miles, half
of which is operated by the Dominion government. Principal Towns. Ottawa, the capital; Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Vancouver, Hamilton, Quebec, Calgary, Halifax, Edmonton, St. John, London, Victoria.

council

and aided by
are

several sub-prefects.

Commerce and
population
introduced.

Industry.

About

five-sevenths of the

engaged

in

agriculture.

Methods

of

cultivation are primitive;

Iron is

machinery is being gradually found in large quantities and the

other chief mineral deposits are gold, silver, lead, manganese and copper. Chief manufactures are fiuur, woolen

CHILE
republic of Chile occupying the western coast of South America from 18° south altitude to Cape Horn, has an area of 289,829 square miles. The average width from east to west is only ninety miles and the length of the coastline is 2,625 miles. For about two-

The Country.

The

V/heat and live stock are the principal exports of the country. The chief imports are metal goods, machinery, kerosene, textiles and provisions. The metric system is in general use.

goods and cotton.

168

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Next to India, China is the largest rice producing country in the world. Home requirements prevent the exports from being very large. Wheat, cotton, corn and tea are being cultivated on a large scale and the only food material exported from China on a large scale is the soya-bean and its products. In cotton growing, China occupies third place in the
worid's countries. China possesses abundance of coal, including ample quantities of coal suitable for coking, which are found in the vicinity of iron ore deposits. Iron ore is

thirds of its total length, the Andean chain borders Chilean In Tierra del Fuogo the loftiest peaks barely territory. reacb 7,000 ft., but the hei<:!hts generally increase northwards up to Aconcagua, which exceeds 23,000 ft., the highest peak of the whole continent. Government. Chile consists of twenty-three provinces and one territory. The administration is highly centralized, thel ocal authorities being controlled by the executive in the capital. The franchise, being confined to propertyholders and those able to read and write, is possessed

only

by a small minority.

The

president appointed

by

not so plentiful as coal, "but although geological research in China is still in its infancy, many deposits of high-grade ore

electors, rules for five years.

Commerce and Industry. The varieties of Chilean products correspond to the immense geographical range. Nitrates, iodine, copper, iron, silver, gold, borax and lead from the northern provinces; coal, wheat, fruit, wine and pastoral products from central Chile; timber from the southern forests; meat and wool from the pastures north and south of Strait of ]\Iagellan. The chief exports are minerals and pastoral products. The metric system of
weights and measures
is obligatoiy.

have been located capable of yielding several hundred China also possesses an abundance of antimony, zinc and lead ores, quicksilver, copper, silver and wolfram ores. Communications. China has some 8,000 miles of railways open including the foreign system on Chinese territory but much of the internal trade is carried on by means of the numerous canals and navigable rivers. Principal Towns. Peking, the capital; Han-kau, Shangmillion tons.
hai,

Canton.

Communications. There are in Chile 22,000 miles of public road, 850 miles of navigable river and 497 miles The Longitudinal Railway of Chile, of navigable lakes. traversing the republic from north to south over a distance of 2,854 miles, is a government-owned line, embracing w'ith the Arica to La Paz Railway (271 miles) an extent of 3,125 miles. There are also 2,270 miles of
privately Principal

COLOMBIA
republic of Colombia occupies the northwestern region of South America. Alone among the South American republics, Colombia has a coastline upon both oceans, its northern shores being washed by the Caribbean Sea, its western shores by the Pacific Ocean. The country lies wholly within the tropics, the equatorial line traversing its southern region. The area is estimated at

The Country.

The

owned lines, making a total Towns. Santiago, the
port;

of 5,395 miles.

capital;

Valparaiso,

the principal

Concepcion,

Antofagasta,

Iquique,

Talca and Chilian.

about 440,846 square miles. The dominating feature of the whole country is the gigantic mountain-system of the
Andes.

CHINA
The Country. The Chinese Republic comprises the
the provinces of
eighteen provinces of China proper, and Manchuria, Mongolia, Sinkiang and Tibet. The total area of the republic is estimated at 4,2/7,170 square miles. China proper is a coastal plain formed by the alluvial valleys of the

Government.

The

president, elected

by

direct popular

vote for a term of four years, possesses large centralised power, particulariy through the exercise of official patronage. The senators are elected for four years and the
deputies for two years. Commerce and Industry.

Hoang, Yangtze and lesser rivers. Manchuria has a similar character, but is separated from Chosen (Korea) and the coast by mountains. Western China and Tibet are a mass of very high mountains containing the
sources of
all

the great rivers of southern Asia.

Government. The government is composed of a president, a vice-president and a bi-cameral legislature assembling at Peking and consisting of a senate (J'san Yi Yuan) of 264 members and a house of representatives {Chung Yi Yuan) of 596 members. Executive authority is provisionally vested in a premier nominated by the president and a cabinet of nine ministers nominated by the premier. All appointments require the sanction of both houses of parliament. The qualification for electors is based on property, education or previous official rank.

Only a small setion of the under cultivation. Coffee is the staple product. also grown; cotton, cocoa, sugar, vegetable Tobacco is ivory, tagua (or vegetable i voiy nut) and dyewoods are proBanana culduced, besides wheat, com, plantains, etc. tivation isincreasing rapidly. The rubber tree grows wild, and its cultivation has begun. Tolu balsamis cultivated and copaiba trees are tapped but are not cultivated. Dye and cedar woods are abundant on the Magdalen a river but
country
is
little

industry

no wood of any sort is exported. The Panama hat Colombia is rich in minis making great strides. Other minerals, more erals, and gold is found in all parts. or less worked, are copper, lead, mercury, cinnabar, mangaor
nese,

Commerce and Industry.

Silk

is

one of the most impor-

tant of Chinese industries and exports. Another famous industry which originated in China is the manufacture of porcelain. The typical native industries still flourishing are lacquer-ware and enamel and cloisonne. Tientsin has

a reputation for its carpets and rugs. Fireworks, mats and matting and palm-leaf fans are manufactured. Industries on a large scale are carried on at the open ports; cotton-spinning and weaving at Shanghai, sugar-refining at Canton, iron and steel works at Hanyang, docks, shipbuilding and engineering works at Shanghai

Neariy all the emeralds emeralds and platinum. mined to-day come from Colombia. The iron works northeast of Bogota are important; in the immediate neighborhood of the w-orks are coal, iron, limestone, sand, manganese and fireclay deposits. The salt mines north of Bogota are a government monopoly and a great source of revenue, supplying most of the interior departments. In several sections there are extensive deposits of coal and oil. The metric system of weights and measures is used. Communications. Colombia cannot be said to possess a
railroad system. The few railroads are detached lines uniting important towns to sea or river. The totallength of the railroad systems is about one thousand miles. The main channel of communication to the interior is the Mag=

and Han-kau.

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
dalena river, whose mouth is blocked by an impassable bar. Principal Towns. Bogota, the capital, at an elevation of 8,600 feet above the sea; Medeliin, Barranquilla, Cartagena an important mining center; Manizales and Bucaramanga, center of coffee production.

169

Extensive forest lands yield mahogany, cedar and other valuable cabinet woods, dyewoods, gums, resins and other tropical forest products. Metric system of weights and measures.

COSTA RICA
The Country. A Central American republic with an area of 23,000 square miles. Costa Rica is traversed from northwest to southeast by a chain of mountains (cordillera). The slopes of the mountains are heavily forested, much of
the timber consisting of

Communications. Cuba has about 2,600 miles of steam railways and 250 miles of electric railways. Through trains run daily between Havana and Santiago and many
branch lines from this main trunk connect the principal ports on both the north and south coasts with the interior. The railway system is being supplemented by an elaborate system of highways.
Principal Towns. Havana, the capital; Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Santiago, Guantanamo, Santa Clara, Matanzas,

mahogany and other

valuable

cabinet woods.
gress,

Government. Legislative power is vested in the cona chamber of 43 deputies, elected by universal suff-

Manzanillo, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Trinidad

rage.

The president is elected for six years. Commerce and Industry. The principal
coffee

and Cardenas. Coaling stations at Guantanamo Bay and Bahia Honda were leased to the United States.

industry

is

and bananas are exported in large quantities, as rosewood, cedar and mahogany; horses, pigs, sheep, and goats are raised in considerable numbers. Gold and silver are mined; and there are deposits of
agriculture;

CZECHOSLOVAKIA
The Country. A land-locked state comprising the former Austrian states of Bohemia, Moravia and a part of
together with the former Hungarian districts of Slovakia and the semi-autonomous Carpatho-Russia or Ruthenia, with an area of 54,264 square miles and about 700 miles in length from east to west. It includes on the west the plateau of Bohemia and on the east the southern slopes of the Carpathians as far as the Danube and the Theiss. The rivers are, with two exceptions, the
Silesia,

manganese. The metric system is in general use. Communications. The country has about five hundred miles of railway including one through transcontinental railroad. At Limon there are excellent terminal facilities, with wharves so equipped with track facilities that loading and unloading can be carried on directly from the car to the vessel. At Puntarenas on the Pacific Ocean, the harbor has only fifteen feet of water at low tide, necessitating the
handling of cargo by lighters. There are sixteen navigable rivers in the republic, the most important being the San Juan River and its tributaries, which are largely utilized for the transportation of the natural products. There are fifteen hundred miles of telephone lines in operation. Principal Towns. San Jose, the capital; Cartago, Heredia,

relatively useless
tula, etc.
is entirely

upper courses,

i.e.

of the Elbe, Oder, Vis,

The exceptions are the Moldau (Vltava) which Bohemian and fragments of the course of the
of Slovakia.

Danube on the south
Government.

is

Limon, Puntarenas and Alajuela.

CUBA
The Country. Cuba, the largest and westernmost of the West India Islands, has an area of 44,215 square miles, its maximum length east to west is 730 miles and its width
i ts coast line being about 2,000 mountainous, though considerable flatlands and marshy depressions extend along the south

The National parliament, which constibody for the whole of the republic, a chamber of deputies elected by universal franchise without distinction of sex, for a period of six years and containing 300 members, and of a senate comprising 150 members to be renewed every eight years. The two chambers in joint congress elect the president of the republic for seven years. The constitution safeguards racial minorities to whom it assures the maintenance of their schools.
tutes the only legislative

composed

of

varies
miles.

from 20 to 100

miles,

Commerce and

Industry.

The

principal products of the

It is generally

coast.

Government. Republic, modelled after the system of the United States, with a president, vice-president, senate and a house of representatives. The government of Cuba cannot make a treaty with any foreign government endangering its independence, and the United States has the right of intervention and the use of naval stations. Commerce and Industry. The foremost crops are tobacco and cane sugar, the former producing the finest leaf for cigars in the world. Other products are coffee, cacao, cereals, potatoes, market vegetables and fruits, bananas,
guavas, oranges, grapes, etc. Cattle-raising in the central and eastern districts is an ancient and extensive industry. The ixports, largely to the United States, are sugar, leaf tobacco, cigars, iron ore, cattle products, forest products, and fruit. The imports, also largely from the United States, are meat products, iron and steel manufactures,

mines are coal, lignite, iron, gold, silver, and graphite. Manufactured products include textiles, shoes, gloves, glass, porcelain, sugar, metal goods, foodstuffs, toys, etc. Agriculture is highly developed and intensive farming is carried on. The beet-root is the foundation of an enormous sugar industry. Large quantities of fruit are exported. Forests comprise thirty-two per cent, of the whole area, the country ranking among the most richly wooded of Europe. Only metric weights and measures are used.

Communications. There are about 8,300 miles of railways, over half of which are owned by the government. There is no important continuous railway route from east to west; the majority of important lines simply cross the republic to connect German cities and ports with Vienna or Budapest. TrafiBc on the internationalized Danube is constantly increasing and the government is doing all in
its

wheat, lumber and timber products, coal and coke. Copper, iron and manganese mines are worked in the east,

power to develop the Danube ports. The Elbe and Oder are also internationalized and the Peace Treaty vested Czecho-Slovakia with the right to use certain terminal facilities in the German ports of Hamburg and Stettin.
Principal Towns. Prague (Praha), the capital; Brunn (Brno), Pilsen (Plzen), Pressburg (Bratislava).

and limestone, clays, and asphalt occur in

useful quantities.

170

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES

DANZIG
Danzig, constituted as a Free City ("Freistaat") by the Treaty of Versailles and under the protection of the League of Nations, stands on the delta of the Vistula. The territory included within the administration of the city has an
area of about 794 square miles and contains 325 localities. About three thousand steamships use the port annually. Sugar is next in importance to grain, and lumber ranks third as the commodities shipped through Danzig. The City is in fiscal union with Poland and under Polish suzerainty as regards foreign affairs, but German currency is used. Weights and measures are of the metric system.

visional president to further the restoration of constitu-

tional

government through general

elections, free

from the

intervention of military government. Commerce and Industry, The chief industry is agriculture, the products being sugar, tobacco, cacao, coffee

There are large forested tracts throughout the country, }ielding enormous quantities of cedar, mahogsatinwood and dye woods. Cattle-raising is extenany, sively carried on and the minerals, although not exploited to any considerable extent, include gold, silver, platinum, quicksilver, coal, iron and rock salt. Communications. Roads are bad in the interior and transport is difficult; there are only 153 miles of railway in

and cotton.

DENMARK
occupies a peninsula and numerous islands between the North and Baltic Seas and its area, including the islands in the Baltic and Faroe Islands The highest elevation is the Himis 16,609 square miles.

use.

Principal

Towns.

The Country,

Denmark

Plata, chief north coast port,

Santo Domingo, the capital; Puerto and SantiagOc

ECUADOR
The Country. This South American republic Is so named because the equatorial line runs through the counIts western shores, 500 miles in extent, are washed Its area is approximately 116,000 Pacific Ocean. square miles including the Galapagos Islands, in the PaIt contains the cific Ocean, 600 miles from Ecuador. volcanoes Chimborazo, Cotopaxi and others of great altitude. The most valuable and productive part of the
try.

only 560 feet high. Government Constitutional monarchy. The Rigsdag two houses, the Folkding or lower house, or diet embraces and the Land&ting or senate. The Folketing, which consists of 140 members, is elected by universal suffrage (male
is

melbjurg in Jutland, which

by the

and female) for a term of four years. The seats allotted to Copenhagen are filled by proportional representation, the remainder, including the Faroe Islands, by simple majority, but a certain number of seats are held by non-elected
received the largest minority votes and whose parties are not proportionately represented. The Siatsraadet or cabinet consists of twelve ministers who are

candidates

who have

the broad coastal plain. The president is chosen by direct popular The 32 senators and 48 deputies election for four years. are elected upon a limited franchise which is withheld from

country

is

Government.

individually and collectively responsible to the Folketing. Commerce and Industry, The principal industries of the country have to do with agricultural pursuits. Beet-root,
potatoes, barley, wheat, rye, oats
live stock

illiterates,

and other

cereals con-

stitute the chief agricultural products of the country.

The

an arrangement which secures ascendency to the inhabitants of more or less white blood. Commerce and Industry. The staple products of Ecuador are cacao and ivory nuts. Coffee is grown and largely exported. Other products are rubber, tobacco and sugar.

and dairying industries, the manufacture of margarine and the fisheries are important. The principal impoTts of Denmark are: oil cake and meal, iron, steel, lumIser, coal, hardv;are and machinery, fertilizers, paper, wheat, flour and cotton. Conununications. In the kingdom, 2,635 miles of railway are open for traffic, half of which belong to the state. Principal Towns. Copenhagen, the capital and great
clearing house for all of Scandinavia-

Weaving of Panama hats
gold
is

is

a considerable industry.

produced in the Andes.
is

Some The legal system of weights

and measures

metric.

bridle roads only,

Communications. Roads of the country are mostly and often impassable for half the year. A railway is open from Guayaquil to Quito, 280 miles. There are also a few short lines connecting important Various streams provide access from Guayaquil points.
to a large part of the cacao-bearing region of the southern coastal strip. The lower reaches are navigated by river

Aarhus, Odense,

Aalborg, Horsens and Randers. Colonies, Greenland is the only colonial possession of Denmark, The King of Denmark is also King of Iceland,

which, however,

is

independent of Denmark.

steamers, the upper waters by canoes and rafts. The Maranon River is navigable in its entirety. Principal Towns. Quito, the capital; Guayaquil, chief
port;

Cuenca and Riobamba.

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
The Country. The Dominican Republic embraces tha
eastern and larger portion of the Island of Haiti. It hag l\It. Tina (9,420 ft.) is an area of 19,332 square miles.

EGYPT
Area including the Libyan Desert, the region between the Nile and the Red Sea, and Sinai PenThe Libyan Desert insula, about 350,000 square miles.

The Country.

the highest peak in the island and in the

West

Indies.

Government, The Dominican Republic is nominally governed by a president elected for six years, and a national congress, consisting of a senate and a chamber of deputies, elected for four years. This system of government obtained until 1916, when the United States set up a government
with naval officers at the heads of all departments. In October, 1922, plans for the withdrawal of the American Marines were completed in accordance with a proclamation of the military governor providing for ratification of the laws of American administration in the island, the pro-

is

Government.

part of the extensive territory. Independent sovereign

state.

Sultan

Pasha, proclaimed king March 14, 1922, with The British governlegislative assembly. ment proclaimed Egypt a sovereign state, having no connection with the British Empire, and enjoying the same status as any other sovereign state in the world. The British reservations, announced coincident with the withdrawal of the protectorate were: The security of British imperial communication; the defense of Egypt against

Ahmed Fuad

cabinet and

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
attack; protection of foreign interests, and retention of Britain's interests in the Sudan.

l!7l

Commerce and Industry. Chief industry: aRriculture. The cultivable area is estimated at about 13,000 square
miles. Grain, cotton and sutjar are important products. Where, as in Lower Egypt, irriL^ation is perennial, two and sometimes three crops are secured each year. The date palm is an important growth, and limes, bananas, melons, and olives are cultivated. Oil and tobacco are being exploited, and building stones, clays, gypsum, gold, manganese ores, natron, phosphate of lime, salt, alum, magnesia, and others developed commercially. The leading exports are textiles and yams, cereals and vegetables, and tobacco. Communications. The Kilo is the great highway, and much travelling is done by boat. Exclusive of the Sudan military railway to Khartum, the state-owned railways have over 2,311 miles of track; private companies own over 720 miles of light railways. Since 1918 there has been direct railway communication between Cairo and Palestine. Length of Suez Canal, including approach channels, is 103

were awarded to Finland by the League of Nations. The The countotal area of Finland is 149,586 square miles. try consists of a great plateau, the southern half of which area occupied by thousands has about 25 per cent, of its
of shallow lakes, many of them linked by short natural and artificial channels. Government, Republic. The president is elected for six years and the cabinet consists of twelve members, and the house of representatives chosen by direct and propor-

The suffrage is possessed, with the usual by every Finnish citizen Cman or woman) who has reached his or her twenty-l'oui th year. Every citizen entitled to vote is eligible to the house of representatives, which is elected for throe years.
tional election.

exceptions,

less

miles.

Commerce and Industry, Agriculture is the chief occupation of the peopie, although the cultivated area covers than 9 per cent, of the land. A considerable part of the population along the coast gains its livelihood from fishing and considerable quantities of salt fish are exported to neighboring Baltic countries. Lumber is the main industry and the principal basis of the general prosperity of
the country.

Principal Towiis. Cairo, the capital; Alexandria, Port and Ismailia, Tanta, Assiout, Damanhur, Medinetel-Faiyum, Zagazig, El Rlinya, Suez and Damietta.
Said,

ESTHONIA
Esthonia comprises the former Russian province of Esthonia, the northern part of Livonia, the northwestern portion of the Pskof government and the

The Country,

is

Islands Osel (Ezel) and Dago in the Baltic Sea. Its area 23,160 square miles. Except in the southeast which is

Butter is also being exported extensively. Manufactures are well developed, mainly by help of water power. They include engineering, machine and shipbuilding, pulp and paper making, cotton goods and tanning. Metric weights and measures are used. Communications. The southern half of the country is well served by railways which are linked with those of Russia and tho.se of Sweden, total mileage being about 2,700. ]\Iost of the railways are owned by the state. Numerous canals connect the lake districts in the interior

the mainland lies low, much of which is swampy. There are many lakes and about half of Peipus Lake lies
hilly,

with the coast.
Principal

Towns.

wnthin

it.

(Tampere),
According to the constitution of the re-

Abo

Helsingfors, the capital; Tammerfoi-s (Turku), Viborg and Uleaborgc

Government.

public, the sovereign

power

is

assured to the people

by

FIUME
This Adriatic seaport was created an independent state by the Treaty of Rapallo (1920), between Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and It ceased to exist as a free state Slovenes (Jugo-Slavia). in January, 1294, when it passed under the sovereignty of Italy alter direct negotiations with Jugo-Slavia. That part of the harbor Ivnown as Port Barros was reserved to Jugo-Slavia. Both ports are under a common adminis-

means

assembly (Riigikogii, the state assembly), the referendum and the right of The state assembly is composed of initiating legislation. 100 members elected for three years on the basis of proof the elections to the legislative

The Country.

portional representation

and by universal

suffrage.

The

executive power consists of the state head {Riigiwanem, state elder), and ministers who form the government. Commerce and Industry. Agriculture is the chief occupation of Esthonia.

Flax

is

one of the principal products and

the live stock industry is flourishing. Oil-shale in rich quality is plentiful. Principal exports are timber, meat, potatoes, flax, and paper. Manufactures include iron, steel, machinery, cotton, paper, wood pulp, and spirits. Principal imports are salt, coal, fertilizers and sugar.

Long a small center of coastwise trade, Fiume came into prominence only when the Budapest-ZagrebFiume Railway was built.
tration.

FRANCE
is a republic of western Europe with an area, including Corsica, of 212,659 square miles. total length of the coastline is about 2,000 miles. The The few surface is diversified, but most of it is lowland, with a In the center is a triangular plateau called level plains. the Auvergne Mountains, with a height of something over 3,000 feet. The Cevennes form the eastern edge of this plateau and from them to the Vosges, the tableland conThere is a mountainous area in Brittany, but the tinues. greatest heights are on the frontiers, the Jura separating France from Switzeriand, the Pyrenees separating it from Spain, and the Alps separating it from Italy. The Ardennes in the northeast are less lofty. France has few

The Country.

France

Metric weights and measures. Communications. Reval is an important port for the It is also the transit of Russian imports and exports.
nearest winter port for Siberian produce. When Petrograd is closed by ice, most of that trade passes through

Reval.
Principal Towns, Reval (Tallinn), the capital; Dorpat (Yurief), the university town; Pernau, the port on the Gulf
of Riga,

and Ivangorod (Narva), manufacturing town,

FINLAND
The Country. Finland comprises the former GrandDuchy of Finland to which was added through treaty with
the Soviet government of Russia, the territory of Petsamo, giving outlet to the Arctic Ocean. The Aland Islands

lakes,

The

west, and the

but in the southwest, there are numerous lagoons. Seine drains the north, the Loire and the Garonne th« Rhone the east and south

1^2

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
France
is

Government.

governed

by a

president and a

council of ministers wiio are respon?ible to a parliament of two houses called the national assembly. The president He chooses is elected by the assembly for se?en years.

the ministers, but his functions approximate rather to those of the English king than of the prime minister, although on ceremonial occasions he presides over meetings of the council of ministers. The ministers are the ble heads of the various departments and it is not sary for them to be members of the assembly for they can attend and speak in either house when necessary. They are responsible to the parliament and also for all the acts of the president. Their responsibility is collective. Their head is the prime minister v/ho presides over their ordinary
i
i

Colonies, Mandates, and Dependencies. France has the second greatest colonial empire of the world. Its colonies, dependencies, protectorates and mandates in all parts of the world, from which it derives a great part of its wealth and power, cover a total area of about 5,000,000 square miles. The French colonies and dependencies in Africa are: French Equatorial Africa with 982,049 sa. m.;

deliberations.

The

314 members.
tion, for

senate, or upper house, consists of Of these 225 are chosen by indirect elec-

French West Africa with 1,800,000 sq. m.; Madagascar with 228,000 sq. m.; Mayoite with 790 sq. m.; Morocco with 231,500 sq m.; Reunion with 970 sq. m.; Sahara with 1,544,000 sq. m.; Somali Coast with 5,790 sq. m.; French Togo with 31,000 sq. m.; Txmis with 50,000 sq. m.; French Kamcrun with 160,000 sq. m.; and Algeria with 222,180 sq. m. which, however, has not the status of a colony, but is politically ani ntegral part of France proper.

nine years, one-third retiring every three years.

The remaining 75 are chosen from among the other senators and sit for life. The senate sits in impo tant cases as a high court of justice. The lower house or chamber of deputies, consists of persons directly elected by universal manhood suffrage. They are chosen for four years. Commerce and Industry. First among the industries of
France are fine textile products and the French have a worldwide reputation for fine silks, fine linens, and fine cloths, Manufactured silk is by far the largest export and raw silk figures high up in the list. Wine, is of course, prominent, but much more is imported than exported. French coal mines, of which the most productive are in the north, do not yield sufficient for the manufacturers' needs. The making of soap, cheese, and beet-sugar are important industries. The state maintains manufacturing and industrial monopolies in tobacco and matches. Certain explosives, but not dynamite or nitro-glycerine, are state products and the artistic manufactures of Sevres porcelain and Gobelin and Beauvais tapestries are famed for a higher quality than are the first-named monopolies. Iron ore,
lead, zinc
eries

The Colonial possessions and mandates in Asia embrace Syria with an area of 106,700 sq. m.; Anam with 52,100 sq. m.; Cambodia with 45,000 sq. m.; Cochin China with 20,000 sq. m.; French India with 196 sq. m.; Kwang-chauwan with 190 sq. m.; Laos with 98,000 sq. m.; and Tongking with 46,400 sq. m. The insular possessions in America are represented by Guadeloupe with an area of 722 sq. m.;Guiana with an area of 32,000 sq. m.; Martinique with an area of 385 sq. m.; and St. Pierre and Miquelon with an area of 93 sq. m. The principal possessions in Oceania are New Caledonia with an area of 7,650 sq. m. and Tahiti and many other small islands with an area of 9,194 sq. m.

GERMANY
The Country. The largest state of Central Europe with an area of 183,381 square miles. The greater part of the country is flat. Throughout the northern districts, the
plain is scarcely broken; in the south there are several systems of hiUs and regions of great beauty. On the Bavarian border the highest point is 9,710 feet and there are many peaks between 4,000 and 8,000 feet. The rivei's, in order of importance, are the Rhine, Elbe, Weser and Oder.

and silver are the chief mineral products. Fishand oyster culture form a large item in the wealth of the coast population. Agriculture is distinguished by
thoroughness of cultivation, the land being divided into a multitude o f small holdings. Only metric weights and mea-

sures are legal.

Communications. The total length of railways is about 26,000 miles of which about 6,000 miles are operated by the state. The canals of France are a most valuable auxiliary to the railways and are used regularly for transporting merchandise. There are over 3,600 miles of them actuFrench ally navigated out of 3,620 miles in existence. roads are excellent. Those of the first class, national roads, are looked after by the state. In the second class come the departmental roads, kept up by the local government authorities; and in the third class, district roads under the
district councils.

Government. Republic. The president according to the constitution is elected by direct vote of all citizens and holds office for seven years. Though the head of the German State is not, like the American president, also the chief executive, that post being held by the chancellor, who, like the British and French premiers, gets his support from a majority of the reichstag, he is the commanderin-chief of the military and naval forces, and can at will dissolve the reichstag. He can also refuse to approve laws passed by the reichstag and have them submitted to a
popular referendum.

The

legislature of

Germany

(the

reichstag) and of each of the constituent republics is elected on the proportional system by the universal, equal, direct and secret votes of all voters of both sexes. Declarations of war and peace must be by legal enactment. Commerce and Industry. About 90 per cent, of the

Principal Towns. Paris, the capital and metropolis; Marseille, the chief Mediterranean port; Lyon, a leading industrial and commercial center; Bordeaux, and important port and coaling station on the Garonna River with a large export trade; Lille, center of important coal fields; antes, an Strasbo urg, an i mportan t Rhine port i n Alsace ;

N

important port on the Loire; Toulouse, a large manufacturing and market town; St. Etienne, a mining and manufacturing center; Nice, pleasure and health resort on the Riviera; Havre, an important port on the English Channel.

area of Germany is agriculturally productive, the principal crops being wheat, rye, barley, oats, potatoes and beets. Forestry is an important industry, conducted by scientific methods under governmental supervision. Rye is the cereal chiefly grown. Potatoes are produced in enormous quantities and sugar beets also. Vines are cultivated in many parts and the wines have a world-wide fame. Coal, Textiles iron, copper, zinc, lead and potash are mined.
are largely manufactured in Saxony, Silesia and Westphalia. The chemical industry Metric weights and measures.
is of special

importance.

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Communications. The total railway mileage is 38,000 The lines of which nearly four per cent is narrow-gauge.
are fairly evenly distributed in proportion to area,

173

Caribbean Sea.

It has

a total area of 48,290 square miles.

The

surface

is

mountainous, except near the northeast

among

coast where it is low-lying and

Germany is well served by the constituent states. north and south waterways. The Rhine, Ems, Weser, Elbe and Oder form natural highways for water transport, all of which have been canalized to bring the inland areas into connection by barge with the North Sea and Baltic ports. From Magdeburg on the Elbe, a valuable system of east-west canals extends east to the Oder, near FrankThe Kiel fort, and to the Vistula at Bromberg, Poland. Canal carries as much traffic as the Rhine. The Oder has
been canalized to Breslau. Principal To wns. Berlin, the capital and one of the great railway c nters of Europe; Hamburg, chief of the German Hansa ports; Munich, capital of Bavaria, with the famous
Lei^wig, chief city in the publishing trade; Dresden, capital of Saxony, noted for its picture galleries; Cologne, an important river port and center of coal fields and textile areas of the north; Breslau, an important market to wn a t the head of the barge traffic on the Oder Frankfort (on-the-Main), a financial center; Dusseldorf, the river port for the industrial area of the Westphalia coal fields; Nuremberg (Nurnbcg), the chief railway center of Bavaria; Hanover, a market town and industrial center: Essen, with
;

marshy f or«st land. Several mountain ranges, mainly belonging to the Antillean system, traverse the country. The coastline is unbroken on the Pacific side and the only indentation on the Atlantic side is the Gulf of Amatique, an extension of the Gulf of Honduras. Government. The legislative power is vested in a
national assembly, consisting of representatives (one for every 20,000 inhabitants) chosen by universal suffrage for four years and a council of state of 13 members partly
elected

president of the republic.
six years.

by the national assembly, partly appointed by the The president is elected for
Industry.

Commerce and
The

The most important crops
and potatoes.

academy of arts;

are coffee, plantains, bananas, corn, rice

the

Krupp works.

cotton-growing industry is being developed. On the plateau horses, mules, cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs are reared in large numbers. Gold, silver, coal, lignite, manganese, copper, tin, lead, cinnabar, slate, alum, antimony, marble, alabaster, plumbago, asbestos, bitumen, porphyry, zinc and chalk are found, and opals and other precious stones also exist. The forests abound in valuable trees, producing mahogany, dyewoods, oak, pine and spruce wood. Metric weights and measures.

GREECE
Greece lies in the south of the Balkan peninsula, with a very long coasthne on the Aegean and Ionian Seas, and a large number of islands. The area of Greece is estimated at about 42,000 square miles. It is generally mountainous. The mountains, though not very high, divide the country into a number of small districiis between which communication is difficult. It is the sea which links up the different regions of Greece. A plebiscite held in April, 1924, deterGovernment. mined that the monarchy should be succeeded by a republic. There is only one legislative chamber, the Boule, to which each 1 6,000 inhabitants return one member. The chamber must be in session for at least three months every year and cannot transact business unless one-third of its members are present. There is a council of state, but its functions are judicial, not legislative. _

The Country.

Communications. There are about 500 miles of railways. One trans-continental line and several minor lines are in operation. Most of the traffic is borne by mules. Principal Towns. New Guatemala, the capital; Quezaltenango, an industrial center and Coban, center of a coffee
district.

HAITI
republic of Haiti, occupying the western portion of an island of the same name, has an area of 10,204 square miles. It is a land of mountains and

The Country.

The

The coast line is greatly indented on the west by the Gulf of Gonaive or Leogane. Several islands lying Torrid heat off the coast are subject to this republic. prevails on the lowlands but the climate is more equable in the higher regions.
valleys.

,

The forests are gradually dispasture land, and the area available for cereals is small. Although wheat, corn, and barley are gi'own, the chief crop, especially in the west, is the currant, with which Greece supplies the world. Olives, to-

Commerce and

Industry.

appearing, there

is little

Government. The legislative power is vested in a chamber of deputies whose members are chosen for two years by direct vote, and in a senate of 15 members elected for 6 years, likewise by direct vote of the people. All
citizens over

21 enjoy the franchise.

elected for four years

The president is by the two chambers in joint session.

iron

bacco, oranges, lemons, figs and nuts are important prodRice is grown near Saloniki. Ores of manganese, ucts. and emery are mined. Communications. There are only about 1,700 miles of railways open for traffic. All the lines are state-owned and state-controlled. There are good steamer services

The United
public.

States maintains a protectorate over the re-

on the long
Principal

coastline.

Towns.

now an important
near the

Athens, the capital and ancient city, railway center; Saloniki, a great port

Commerce and Industry. Nearly all the trade is with the United States. Logwood from the forests, excellent some cotton and cocoa are exported. Most of the people depend on agriculture. Many minerals, gold, iron, copper, etc., are known to occur, but are little worked. Officially, metric weights and measures have been adopted.
coffee,

Athens and an important manufacturing center; Candia, chief town and former capital of Crete.
of the Vardar; Piraeus, the port of

mouth

GUATEMALA
The Country.

A

Central American republic

wth a

Communications. Port au Prince is connected with Haitien by a road 169 miles long and with Mirebalais and Las Cahobas by a road 33 miles long. A light railway has been constructed from Port au Prince to Lake Assuei (28 miles) but the traffic is small. Principal Towns. Port au Prince, the capital with a large shipping trade; Cap Haitien, with considerable

Cap

long coastline on the Pacific and a short coastline .on the

export trade.

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES

HEJAZ
Hejaz which obtained its independence during the course of the great war, has an estimated area It has a frontage on the Red of 170,000 square miles. Sea of about 700 miles. It is barr'^f or semi-barren in its Lacking perennial rivers, the land is fertile entire area. only in its few valleys. It owes its importance to the holy cities of Mekka and Medina, from the latter of which the HeJRi railway runs north to Damascus, a distance of 1,105 miles. Besides Mekka and Medina, the towns o' the Hejaz are Jidda and Yanbo, the ports respectively of these two cities and Taif, in the south. In these cities

Principal

Towns.

Budapest,

the

capital

and

great

The kingdom

of

railway center; Szegedin, important trading center; Debreczin, chief city of the northeast; Kecskemet, an important agricultural and cattle market; HodmezoVasarhely, an agricultural center.

ICELAND
The Country.

An

island of the north Atlantic, with

an

and towns

live the greater

number

of the

population of

area of about 39,709 square miles. Iceland is a great tableland averaging 2,000 feet above sea-level, of which a large portion is covered with lava fields or with enormous glaciers. Of its whole area barely a quarter is habitable. The surface is dotted by over 100 volcanic peaks. There
are

the country.

many boiling springs, and
It is

the geysers are world famous.

HONDURAS

Government.
Iceland.

The Country. A Central American republic with an area of 44,275 square miles. The surface is mainly mountainous, especially in the west and southeast, interspersed with elevated plateaus, plains and valleys. The The loftiest coastal regions are low-lying and swampy. peaks are found in the volcanic ranges on the Nicaraguan boundary, rising to nearly 10,000 feet. Most of the rivers
are difficult of navigation.

The King of Denmark is also King of however independent of Denmark which is

by a minister at Reykjavik. Denmark also takes charge of the foreign affairs of Iceland. The legislative body is the Althing, composed of a senate of 14
represented

and a house

of representatives of

Commerce and

Industry.

26 members. Apart from sheep and

cattle-

The Gulf

of

Fonseca on the
is

south coast, contains numerous islands. Government. At the head of the government

Herring abound, raising, the principal industry is fishing. but the chief wealth of Icelandic waters consists of cod. Finbacked whales are hunted by the Icelanders and seals
are numerous.

the

Large quantities
spar.

of

eider-down and feathminerals are lignite,

president, who, assisted by an executive council of five members, serves for four years. Legislative power is vested in a congress of deputies, also serving for four years,

ers are exported annually.

The only

sulphur and Iceland

Communications.

who are elected at Commerce and engaged in. The

the ratio of one per 10,000 inhabitants. Industry. Stock-raising is extensively
chief agricultural
rice,

There are no railways in Iceland. Principal Town. Reykjavik, the capital and largest city.

product is bananas. tobacco and coffee are also gold, silver, lead and copproduced. The minerals include per, but the mining industry has not yet been e.xtensively developed. Metric weights and measures. Communications. There are about 500 miles of railways

INDIA
The term British India includes the districts subject to British law, the area of which is 1,093,074 square miles. The Indian States or Agencies having
The Country.
political relations

Lemons, oranges, corn,

on the north coast. In general, travelling and transport are accomplished by means of mules and ox-carts, but the number of automobiles for mail service is increasing. Boats of 20 feet draft ply on the Ulua River. The government owns and operates the telephone and telegraph lines. Principal Towns. Tegucigalpa, the capital and mining
center;

with the Indian Government have an area of 709,555 square miles.thus making the total area The of India and Dependencies 1,802,629 square miles. whole northern portion is mountainous, and includes
the Himalayas, the loftiest mountains in the world, with and several others exceeding l\It. Everest (29,002 ft.) 25,000 feet. An extension of the western coast uplands crosses central India and forms the western and eastern

La Esperanza and Santa

Ptosa.

HUNGARY
The Country. Hungary is one of the states of Europe formed out of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire. It has an area of 35,654 square miles. It is almost entirely lowland. The shallow Lake Balaton is fed by springs, has brackish waters, and drains into the Danube. Govsrnment. The titular head of Hungary is styled
officially

Protector of the

Magyar

State or regent; the
is

state

is

to be regarded as a

monarchy and the word royal

officially retained.

Ghats. The Malay peninsula is formed by mountain ranges with broad lowlands along the coast. Government. The sovereign of the United Kingdom The chief authority is the secretary is emperor of India. of state for India, who is a member of the cabinet of the Kingdom, and is responsible to parliament. He United has a council composed of twelve members representing Indians. In political and secret matters he can act without them. In India the government is committed to the governor-general-in-council, who has also the title of viceroy. He and the eight members of his council are

Commerce and
is

Industry.

The

cultivation of the soil

the chief industry of Hungary. Except for lignite, there are no minerals and there are none but local industries. The Magyars still retain the bulk of the agricultural land, the products of which made Hungary the chief granary of the old dual empire. Corn and wheat are the chief cereals, although barley and oats are grown. Horses are reared in
large numbers,

the breeds of cattle.

and great efforts have been made to improve Metric weights and measures. Communications. Hungarian railways radiate from

appointed by the crown. The Indian legislature consists of a council of state and a legislative assembly, the majority of the members of both being directly elected by various constituencies such as the Mahomcdans, Sikhs and Em-opeans. Each house also has appointed members in order that government may be directly represented, but some of these have to be non-officials. Each of the large provinces, except Burma, is governed by a governor who is advised by a council, while ministers look after the de-

Budapest, the total mileage being 4,372.

partments of state. Burvia is under a lieutenant-governor. In each province there is also a legislative counciL

i^AZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COONTRIES
Commerce and
ilncfustry.

175

Minerals of every sort occur

is

intrusted to a parliament "consisting of His Majesty, the

to the mountains, and coal is abundant in east central parts. The aggregate output of gold is very great and constantly increasing, while the gem mines of Burma
yield the greater part of the world's supply of rubies and similar precious stones. The tin and oil of upper Burma,

senate of Nort-hem Ireland, and the house of commons of Northern Ireland." The powers of the parliament and government of Northern Ireland are wholly domestic. The mini;itry of commerce of Northern Ireland assists in the

and lead and copper in the Himalayas, are also important.
Several breeds of cattle have been domesticated from wild stock. The supply a notable proportion of the food of the fisheries common people. Five sevenths of the people are engaged in agricultural pui'suits, and initiation is extensively developed. Rice, corn, wheat, millet and sugar cane,
teak.

The most valuable forest product is

development of new markets and encouragement of export So far as foreign policy and affairs are concerned LHster remains essentially a part of the British unit. Therefore her foreign credit remains on a par with that of Great Britain. Her representatives abroad are the
trade.

British representatives.
etc., see

For description of physical under British Isles.

features, principal

towns

are the chief food-crops; of these rice and wheat are expoTted. Cotton, jute, opium, tea, tobacco, indigo and oil-yielding seeds are also grown for export. Cattle are
largely raised in the northwest, whence hides form a valuable item of export; camels, asses and horses in the northwestern plains, and sheep, goats and yaks among the northern mountains. The manufactiu-es are mainly yarns and cheap cottons, silks, largely from tussar (wild Shipsilk), cocoons, sugar, paper, rugs and blankets.

IRISH FREE STATE
For demarcation of territory see under Northern Ireland; for physical features see under British Irish Free State 23,973 square miles. Isles. Area of Government. The constitution of the Irish Free State gives the people those powers to govern themselves possessed by the peoples of Canada, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Unlike the cases of these self-governing dominions, however, the constitution of the Swiss Republic rather than that of Great Britain was used as a model in framing the organization through which these powers are to be exercised. The British and dominion system of government by a cabinet composed exclusively of members of the dominant party in parliament is replaced by intrusting the carrying out of the will of the elected majority to a federal council, in which only a minority of the members are drawn from the ranks of politicians. The similarity to the Swiss constitution extends also to an arrangement included whereby legislation can be initiated by referendum. Article XI says: "The rights of the state in and to natural resources, the use of which is of national importance, shall not be alienated. Their exploitation by private individuals or associations shall be permitted only under state supervision and in accordance with the conditions and regulations approved by legislation." Another important point is the immunity Ireland is to enjoy from embroilment in British quarrels. Article 48 provides that, save in case of actual invasion, the Irish Free State "shall not be committed to active participation in any war," without the assent of the Free State parliament. For description of principal towns see under British
Tlie Country.
Isles.

building is extensively carried on. India imports manufactured articles, chief of which are cotton goods, metals, sugar, silk, woolen goods, machinery, railway equipment

and

oils.

Communications. There are about 40,000 miles of railways open. There are good metalled roads over most Inland steam navigation is well established on of India. the lower courses of the main rivers. Principal Towns. Calcutta, the principal port of the east coast; Madras, the great cotton manufacturing and shipping port of the south; Bombay, the principal financial center; Delhi, the capital; Karachi, the port of the western region There are twenty-five other towns exceeding
100,000 inhabitants, and fifty-two more with over 50,000 inhabitants each. Important towns, including several native capitals, are Hyderabad, Lucknow, Rangoon, the port of Burma, Benares, Lahore, Cawnpur, Agra, Ahmadabad, Mandalay, the capital of Burma, Allahabad, Amritsar,
Jaipur, Bangalore,

Howrah, opposite Calcutta, Poona, Patna, Bareli (Bareilly), Nagpur, Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir, Surat, Meerut, Madura, Trichinopoli and Baroda.

IRELAND, NORTHERN
The Country. The present Ulster border was determined by the Government of Ireland Act in 1920, which
contemplated the division of Ireland between a nationalist south and a unionist north. For centuries Ireland had been geographically divided into four provinces, Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connaught, of which the first is predominatingly unionist, and the remainder nationalist, the latter term being used to include Sinn Fein. But upon closer examination the framers of the act discovered that three of the counties of Ulster, namely, Donegal, Monaghan and Cavan, contained a population with a considerable majority of nationalists. These counties were therefore included in Southern Ireland, and the Ulster border became the lines circumscribing the remaining six counties of Ulster. Area of Northern Ireland 8,613 square miles. Government. Under the Act of 1920 the government of the territory comprising the six counties of Down, Antrim, Londonderry, Armagh, Tyrone and Fermanagh

ITALY
The Country.
Italy consists of the Italic peninsula,

the peninsula of Istria and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The area including the new territories added to the kingdom, comprises about 117,982 square miles. The Apennines, extending southward from the Alps, form the backbone of the peninsula, the southern and western parts of which have been subjected to volcanic eruptions and Vesuvius, Etna and Stromboli are still active volcanoes. The Alpine lakes are long and narrow and the lakes of central Italy are in the craters or pipes of extinct volcanoes. The principal rivers are the Adige, 230 miles in length, the Arno, 150 miles, the Po, 420 miles and the Tiber,

250 miles. Government. Constitutional monarchy; the executive power is vested in the king, but is exercised through responsible ministers. Law-making power is the joint
prerogative of king and parliament, the latter consisting

176
of a senate

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
and a chamber
of deputies.

The king nomi-

Commerce and

Industry.

Agriculture

is

the

chief

nates the senators for life, the deputies are elected on a universal manhood suffrage. Commerce and Industry. Italy is predominantly agricultural; one fifth of the area is forested and many portions of the lowlands cannot be cultivated on account The chief food products of the prevalence of malaria.

industry, but only about 20,000 square miles of Japan proper can be cultivated; of this 57 per cent is under

and 33 per cent under wheat. Tea plants are produced on neariy 500 square miles. Over 3,000,000 houserice,

Corn, beans and oats come next in importance; then potatoes, sugar beets, barley and rice. Silk culture is general, but of special importance The chief minerals are sulphur, marble and in the north. The chief imports are wheat, coal, raw cotton, iron iron.
are wheat, wine and olives.

holds are occupied with the production of silk, the yield of raw silk equalling that of the whole of Europe and about 75 per cent, of the silk is exported. Tobacco, soya beans

goods and woolens. The prime exports are raw silk, cotton and silk goods, hemp, wine and motor-cars. Metric weights and measures. Communications. There are nearly 12,000 miles of railways, three fourths of which belong to the state. The

produced. Over 2,000,000 men fishing. Coal, copper, phosphate, and zinc Chief manufactures are textiles, silk, earthenware, glass, lacquered goods, matting and hemp. Trade A large amount of in matches and paper is important. timber is produced. Imports are chiefly raw cotton

and

fruit are extensively

are engaged are mined.

m

merchant fleet numbers about eight hundred steamships and five times as many sailing vessels. Principal Towns. Naples, the most important port; Milan, great railway and industrial center; Rome, the capital; Turin, manufacturing center; Palermo on the island of Sicily and the center of a great fruit producing industry; Genoa, the port on the Ligurian coast and headquarters of the iron trade. Colonies and Dependencies. Italy has in Africa a of 591,230 square miles, consisting of EritTea with 45,800 square miles; Italian Somaliland with 139,430 square miles, and Tripoli and Cyrenaica with an
it

from the United States, India and China. Communications. The whole country is covered with a network of railways with a total length of nearly 8,000 miles, and it is possible to travel from the extreme north of Hokkaido (Yezzo) to the extreme south of Kiushiu
without once leaving a railway station except to cross the Tsugaru and Shimonseki, where special steam The Japanese government subsidizes ferries are provided. shipping companies for foreign trade and Japanese vessels run on four great routes to Europe, North America, South
Straits of

colonial empire

America and Australia. Principal Towns. Tokyo, the capital and great industrial center; Osaka, seaport and textile manufacturing city; Kobe, seaport and extensive shipbuilding; Kyoto with silk, porcelain and lacquer goods factories; Nagoya, port with large textile industries; Yokohama, port of Tokyo; Nagasaki, a seaport and winter resort. Dependencies. The most important of Japan's de-

area of 406,000 square miles. In addition to those in Asia, a concession in Tientsin.

has

JAPAN
large
sula of

The Japanese Empire comprises five and numerous small islands together with the peninChosen (Korea), the southern part of the Sakhalin Island and the leased territory on the Asiatic coast Kwantung. In addition, it exercises a mandate of the League

The Country.

pendencies are Chosen {Korea), with an area of 84,738 square miles, from which Japan takes the surplus rice crop and the bulk of the raw cotton; the island Formosa (Taiwan) with 13,944 square miles; the southern part of Sakhalin (Karafuto) with 13,253 square miles; and the former German colonies in Oceania awarded by the League
of Nations as mandates to Japan, viz: Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands and Pelew Islands with a total area of 1,520 square miles.

of Nations over the former

German colonies in the Pacific, north of the equator. The area of the mainland and adjacent islands is 148,756 square miles. Bays and inlets are
numerous and there are many natural harbors, especially on the Pacific side. The chief feature of the Empire is its mountainous character, for each island has a mountainous backbone. Among the higher mountains, several extend above the snow line. Fuji Yama, the sacred

JUGOSLAVIA
Jugo-Slavia or the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, occupies the northwest corner of the Balkan peninsula. It combines the old kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro, the former Austro-Hungarian territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Hungarian provinces of Croatia-Slavonia and parts of the Banat and Bacska, and portions of Styria, Carniola and Dal-

The Country.

mountain of Japan, is the highest and reaches 12,245 feet. The Yoda, one of the longest streams, empties into the Bay of Osaka. One of the most notable physical features is the Inland Sea or Japanese Mediterranean which reproduces on a smaller scale, the same features as the larger Sea of Japan. It is almost entirely landlocked and surrounded by chains of volcanoes of which few are now active. The climate is temperate and healthful with abundant rainfall. Government. The government is in the hands of
the emperor. He is assisted by cabinet ministers whom he appoints and who are responsible to him. There is a privy council which is consulted on important occasions

matia, former Austrian provinces.
of

It consists essentially

consists of

but the executive power rests with the emperor. Laws are made under his sanction by the imperial diet which two houses, a house of peers which has 373 members and a house of representatives of 381 members, elected by a restricted suffrage.

a mountainous core, most of which is over 3,000 feet in elevation which stretches from the Dinaric Alps in the northwest to the Balkan Mountains on the Bulgarian The only valley which cuts the mountains and frontier. forms a passage way is that of the Morava which, with that of the Vardar, leads from Belgrade to Saloniki. Beyond the Save-Danube, as far as the northern boundary, the land is low, swampy near the rivers, with a few minor elevations. The chief concentrations of people are round Zagreb (Agram) and near Belgrade. The area is 95,020 square miles. Government. Jugo-Slavia is a limited nonarchy, with a two-chamber parliament in which the senate is an ad-

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
visory chamber. Parliament is elected for four years on the basis of one deputy for every 40,000 inhabitants. The senate consists of 100 members and is elected for nine years though one third of its membership is renewed every three years.

177
of

Government.

The

constitution

the

republic

is

Commerce and
industry.

Industry.

As^riculture

is

the

chief

Mediterranean fruits, chiefly plums, and tobacco, are successfully grown. Swine are reared in the oak and beech forests; cattle, sheep and goats are also reared. Some wheat is grown. Small quantities of iron ore are mined. Coal occurs near Sarajevo and Banjaluka. Lead, iron and coal are mined in Serbia. Quicksilver is extensively mined. The principal imports are textiles, agricultural products, animal products, chemicals, leather and leather goods, metals and machinery. Exports: Corn, wheat and oats, cattle and other animals, fruits, timber and timber goods. Metric system of weights and
measures.

modelled on that of the United States. The executive power is vested in a president and a council of 6 ministers and the legislative power in a parliament of two houses called the senate and the house of representatives. Electors must be of negro blood and owners of land. Commerce and Industry. The exports include rubber, palm oil, palm kernels, piassava fibre from the rafia palm, coffee, cocoa, ginger, chillies, ivory, annatto seed, dye, and camwood— a hard dyewood. The chief imports are rice, textiles, tobacco, building timber, galvanized roofing iron, ready-made clothing and dried and preserved fish. Communications. There are no railways or vehicular means of transport in the country except ox-carts and a motor road of about 20 miles. Principal Towns. Monrovia, the capital and chief port; Robertsport and Marshall.

Communications. Jugo-Slavia has about 6,000 miles Total length of waterof railway, mostly state-owned. ways, principally the Danube and the Save, 1,322 miles. Principal Towns. Belgrade, the capital; Zagreb (Agram) the university city; Sarajevo, former capital of Bosnia; Monastir, trade center near the Greek frontier; Uskup on the Vardar, and Nish, an important railway center.

LIECHTENSTEIN
Liechtenstein, a small independent principality, extend-

LATVIA
Latvia, a republic on the Baltic Sea, was formerly part of the Russian Empire. Its area is about 24,440 square miles. It has about 340 miles of sea coast. The land is flat and low-lying, and is watered

The Country.

bank of the Rhine, opposite the Swiss canton of St. Gallen and the Austrian land of Vorarlberg. It has an area of 65 square miles. The industries include agriculture, weaving and embroidery. It is governed by members. It has a customs treaty with a diet of fifteen Switzerland which includes administration by Switzerland of the post and telegraph lines. Vaduz is the capital and principal town.
ing along the right

LITHUANIA
Lithuania is a republic carved out of the former Russian Empire. It has an estimated area of 22,520 square miles and a narrow frontage on the Baltic Sea. The country is flat and low-lying. It has numerous lakes and marshes and many rivers, the largest being the Niemen. About 25 per cent of the land is forest. Government. The constituent assembly makes laws, ratifies treaties with other states, approves the budget and superintends the execution of the laws. The executive power is placed in the hands of the president of the republic and of the cabinet of ministers. The president is elected by the constituent assembly.

The Country.

by many
are
is

rivers,

many marshy tracts and lakes;

the chief of which is the Dvina. There a quarter of the country

covered with forests. Government. At the head of the republic stands a president elected for 5 years on the basis of universal suffrage. War can only be declared by a vote of the Parliament consists of one chamber of 100 legislature. members, elected for three years.

Commerce and
industry,

Industry.

Agriculture

is

the principal

and includes dairy farming, the

raising of live

The soil is moderately fertile, stock and beekeeping. but is highly cultivated, producing good crops of barley, The fisheries are of considerable flax and potatoes. oats, Manufactures comprise metals, minerals, chemivalue. Exports are timber, cals, textiles, timber and spirits.
cereals, flax, dairy products

Commerce and
linseed, hides

Industry.

The

chief articles of export

are corn, cattle, hams, poultry, eggs, butter, timber, flax,

and wool.

The imports are mainly manufacand
agricultural
is

tured

articles,

fertilizers

machinery.

and

fish.

Metric system of

About seventy per cent
linseed.

weights and measures. Communications. Latvia has about 1,700 miles of Three of the Russian main lines verge on Latvian ports. Principal Towns. Riga, the capital and chief seaport; Libau (Libava), an important port on the Baltic Sea; Mitau (Mitava), formerly the capital of Courland with
railroads.

agriculture, the products being cereals, potatoes, flax

engaged in and Poultry farming, particularly of geese, is a conof

the population

siderable industry.

tanne. ies

and

textile industries.

Communications. Lithuania has about 1,600 miles of There are about 120 miles of streams navigable The Niemen is navigable for about 270 days in the year. Principal Towns. Kovno (Kamias), provisional capital and an important grain market; Grodno, an important manufacturing center, Suvalki and Shavli.
railways.
for steamboats.

LIBERIA
is an independent negro republic, with an area of 40,000 square miles. It occupies about 350 miles of the west African coast and extends inland 200 miles at its widest part. Many rivers are navigable

The Country.

Liberia

LUXEMBURG
The Country. A Grand Duchy surrounded by France, Germany and Belgium. It has an area of about 998 square miles. The great wealth of th e country lies in i ts iron ore.
Three
fifths of the area is cultivated; wheat, rye, oats and potatoes are the main crops. The vine is grown in the Mo-

in stretches.

The

interior rises into

mountains of from

2,000 to 6,000 feet in height.

178
selle valley;

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
ufacturing center; Puebla, with cotton-spinning and other manufactures; San Luis Potosi, an agricultural and mining center; Leon, a mining and manufacturing town; Vera Cruz, principal port; Tampico, principal oil port,

horses and cattle are reared. The government is in the hands of a council of state and a chamber of deputies. Luxemburg is in customs union with Belgium. Principal Towns. Luxemburg, the capital; Esch, center
of

mining

district.

MEXICO
Mexico has an area of 767,198 square miles. Two mountain chains traverse the republic, forming between them a number of valleys and plateaus. The plateau of Anahuac, on which the capita! is situated, is the largest and most important. The eastern edge of the plateau is formed by the Sierra Madre Oriental. On the western edge of the plateau, the Sierra Madre Occidental shows a steep front and narrow ridges broken by canyons; in both Sierras the highest peaks are about 10,000 feet. At

MONACO
This principality, the smallest state of Europe, situated on the Mediterranean coast, has an area of 8 square miles and is encircled by the French department of Alpes Maritimes and the Mediterranean Sea. The government is carried out under the authority of the prince by a ministry
assisted

The Country.

ercised
sists of

by a council of state. The legislative power is exby the prince and the national council which con21 members elected for four years. About one

the southern edge of the plateau, confused ranges of mountains fall sharply to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where the lowest point on the watershed between the Atlantic and Pacific is a little over 700 feet. The physical divisions eastward of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec include the highlands of Chiapas, and the narrow low plain of Soconusco on the

thousand of the inhabitants are employed in the rooms of the celebrated gambling-house known as the "Casino." The climate is very mild. Revenue is derived chiefly from the gambling tables.

NETHERLANDS
The area of the country, about 15,760 square miles, is for the most part flat, much of it lying below the level of the water, salt and fresh. Along the canals, the meadows are often ten or twelve feet below the waterline, and between the land and sea at high tide, there may be a difference of twenty-five feet or more. The land is The Country.
protected

These highlands range from 6,000 to 8,000 Northeast of them is the penfeet in extreme elevation. insula of Yucatan. Government. Mexico is a federative republic, divided into states, each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme government are divided into the legThe legislative power is islative, executive and judicial.
Pacific side.

by embankments and

dikes and

it

may be

pic-

vested in a congress consisting of a house of representaand a senate and the executive power in a president. Representatives are elected for two years by universal suffrage. The senate consists of fifty eight members, two for each state, and are elected in the same manner as the deputies. Mexico is divided into twenty eight states, one
tives

tured asagreat trough, the floor of which slopes downfrom east and southeast toward the North Sea in the west and north. The rivers which flow across this country from the higher continent beyond, are, at their mouths, frequently

below the level of the sea into which they have to be lifted by canals and locks across the dams or dikes. At all times
the precarious river levels threaten internal floods.

federal district

and two territories. Commerce and Industry. Mexico is a country of immense natural wealth, with its oil fields, its gold, silver, copper, iron and other minerals and the great variety of vegetable products determined by the wide range of elevation and climate. Among these last may be specially mentioned hemp, bananas, logwood, and other tropical forest products of the southeast; coffee, tobacco and cotton of more northerly localities, with a variety of fruit and all usual grain crops. The most interesting development in resources of Mexico in recent years has occurred in the oil
industry.

Government. Constitutional monarchy. The execupower is vested in the sovereign with nine ministers in and states-general, which consists of two chambers, the first of 50 members elected for nine years and the second of 100 deputies elected for four years. There are eleven provinces, sub-divided into communes.
tive
council, the legislative authority being the sovereign

Commerce and

Industry.

The

chief exports are dairy

produce, vegetables and bulbs, flax, fish, sugar-beets, and colonial wares. Ship-building is an important industry. Textiles are extensively manufactured. Chief imports are

In spite of inadequate transportation facilities, the Mexican oil fields have been able to take a high place among the petroleum-producing territories of the world. Coal is Its vast oil reservoirs have scarcely been tapped. mined in the state of Coahuila. Large quantities of sugar, molasses and spirits are also produced. Communications. Mexico has in operation about 16,000 miles of railways, most of which are run by the government. Through connections to the United States can be made at the following five border points: Nogales, Ariz., El Paso, Tex., Laredo, Tex., Eagle Pass, Tex. and Brownsville, Tex. A railway service from Vera Cruz and Mexico City to the frontier of Guatemala has also been completed. Puerto Mexico, on the Atlantic and Salina Cruz on the Pacific are connected by the Tehuantepec railroad. Principal Towns. Mexico (city), the capital and chief commercial center; Guadalajara, an agricultural and man-

and raw cotton. One-third of the land is permanent and intensive methods are largely used in horticulture as well as in agriculture. Metric weights and
oil

pasture,

measures.
is

Communications. Total length of raikoads in operation about 2,500 miles. Total extent of canals is about 2,000

miles.

Principal Towns. Amsterdam, the metropolis and second seaport; Rotterdam, chief port with a large foreign

trade; The Hague ('s Gravenhage), the capital; Utrecht, university city; Groningen, chief city of the north; Haarlem, famous for horticulture and center of the bulb trade; Arnhem on the Rhine near the German frontier; Leiden, the famous university town; Nijmegen, a historic fortified
city

on the Waal. Dependencies. The Netheriands have a large colonial empire of about 782,000 square miles in Asia and America, the population of which is many times larger than the pop-

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
ulation of the Netherlands.

179
Lakes Man-

The

principal colonies are

east across the state, comprising the basins of

thelargeislandsin the Indian Ocean, the Dutch East Indies, consisting of Bali and Lomhok with 4,0G5 sq. m., Banka with 4,446 sq. m., Billiton with 1,863 sq. m., Borneo, South

agua and Nicaragua and the San Juan River. Between the lakes and the Pacific Coast is a range of low mountains the chief center of volcanic activity in the country.

and Eastm[h 156,912

sq. m., Borneo, Wcstmth 55,825 sq. m., Celebes Island with 72,070 sq. m., Jara and Madura with 50,557 sq. m., and the capital, Batavia, Molucca Island with Dutch New Guinea, with 195,653 sq. m., Riou Linga Archipelago with 16,301 sq. m., Sumatra with 159,739 sq. m., Timor Archipelago with 17,698 sq. m. These colonies are governed by a governor- general who has the right of passing laws and regulations for the administration of the colony, so far as his power is not reserved to the legislature of the mother country. The principal products of Dutch East Indies are sago, corn,

Government.
dent,

Executive power is vested in the presiappointed for four years. Legislative power is

vested in a congress of two houses consisting of 40 deputies elected for four years by universal suffrage, and 13 senators elected for six years.

Commerce and

Industry.

The banana

is

the principal

agricultural product in the east.

Cocoanuts are also of

tapioca, coffee, tobacco, tea, copra,

and

oil-seed.

The Dutch West

Indies are Curacao, with 210 square

mainland of Venezuela, South America and Dutch Guiana, with 40,060 square miles, on the north coast of South America, producing coffee, cacao, bananas and balata.
miles, lying just off the

some importance and a few plantains, oranges and pineapples and some yucca are raised. Ilice is grown to a small extent and some wheat in the hilly districts, while tobacco is cultivated round Masaya. The mostimportant products of the western half are coffee, sugar-cane, cacao, corn and beans. Extensive forests yield mahogany, cedar, gums, and medicinal plants. Over a million cattle provide hides for export. Gold and silver are mined. Metric weights and measures.
public

NEW ZEALAND
The Country.
South Seas.

Communications. The total railway mileage of the reThe principal line runs from is about 200 miles.
Principal

Corinto to Grenada.
city;

New Zealand is a British Dominion in the

embraces the two main islands, north and south, the small Stewart Island separated from the south end of South Island by Foveaux Strait, and many islands in the neighboring seas. Area, 104,751square miles. South Island consists of a great mountain range, the Southern Alps, alpine in magnitude. North Island conPolitically it

Towns. Managua, the capital; Leon, largest San Juan del Norte (Greytown), chief seaport.

NORWAY
Norway, occupying the western half of the Scandinavian peninsula, has an area of about 125,000 square miles. It is 1,160 miles in length and the coastline,
excluding minor indentations, is over 2,100 miles long. It separated from Sweden by the Kjolen Mountains, which form the backbone of the peninsula. These mountains rise in many parts to over 6,000 feet, the highest peaks being over 8,000 feet. Norway's long coastline facing the Atlantic is edged with lofty cliffs and seamed with deep fiords. Islands, countless in number, fringe the coast. These archipelagoes cover a total area of no less than 8,600 square miles. Seventy per cent of Norway's area is barren land— mountain, moor, or glacier uninhabitable by man. Of the whole area of 125,000 square miles only 3,500 square
is

The Country.

a highland reaching from Cook Strait in the south Cape in the northeast, and two peninsulas. Government. The Dominion is governed by a governorgeneral and a general assembly, consisting of a legislative council of thirty-seven paid members and a house of eighty paid representatives, upon a system of constitutional cabisists of

to East

net government.

Commerce and
sheep-raising.

Industry. The dominant industry Dairy farming, mainly for the production

is

of

butter and cheese, is of growing importance. Crops of wheat, oats, and barley are grown for local consumption.

Kauri gum is dug in the Auckland peninsula. Coal is mined on the western coast of South Island, and gold in the

miles are

fit

for agriculture

and nearly 3,000 square
and
torrential,

miles

Thames

peninsula;

some

alluvial gold is dredged.

The

are water.

The

rivers are short

but pro-

principal exports are wool, frozen meat,butter, cheese, tal-

low, hides, skins and flax.

Communications. Communication is maintained by a growing railway system connecting the chief towns and supplemented by a coastal steamer service. Total railway mileage about 3,200. The government telegraph system comprises 14,000 miles of line and a government telephone system is very generally used. Principal Towns. Wellington, the capital; Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Hamilton, Gisborne and Napier. Dependencies. New Zealand exercises the mandate over those of the Samoan Islands which formerly belonged to Germany. Their total area is about 1,250 square miles.

vide the finest salmon fishingin Europe. Its comparatively mild climate is due entirely to the influence of the ocean. Spitzbergen and adjacent islands, with total area of 25,000

square miles and rich coal
of Nortt ay.

fields, is

under the sovereignty
Storting, consists

all 123 members, one-quarter forming the Lagting or senate, three-fourths Questions relating to the Odelsting or house of commons.

Government. Parliament, called the of an upper and a lower house, having in

the laws are considered by each house separately, but if the two houses do not agree they resolve themselves into a common sitting for discussion and a two-thirds vote is then required for decision. Members are chosen by
universal suffrage, without distinction of sex. Commerce and Industry. Soil and climate are not very

NICARAGUA
The Country. Nicaragua, a Central American republic, has an area of 49,200 square miles. The east coast is backed by an allu\'ial plain, beyond which lie the central mountains, which rise to 7,000 feet. From the Gulf of Fonseca on the northwest coast a depression extends south-

favorable to agriculture.

The chief crop

i

s

oats barley, rye,
;

and potatoes are also cultivated. The hay harvest is large and important. Dairy farming on cooperative lines is making great progress; butter and tinned milk are exported.
Fishing is the principal occupation. Norway claims a fourmile instead of a three-mile territorial limit and so piany of

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
the coastal fishing grounds are under her sovereignty. The cod fishing is the most important. Silver, copper, iron and The timber industry is important, feldspar are mined. IVIetric weights and measures. especially in the south. Communications. The total railroad mileage is about trunk lines join Christiania with 2,000 miles. Important Bergen, and four lines run into Sweden. Coastwise steamers serve all ports.

Commerce and Industry. Excellent grazing land is abundant and pastoral industries have made great advance in recent years. The chief exports are hides, yerba mate (Paraguay tea), oranges, tobacco, timber, meat, cattle and
quebiacho (tannin) extract. Chief imports are textiles, provisions, hardware and fancy goods. Communications. Total railroad mileage is less than 300 miles. Asuncion, the capital, is now in direct communication with Buenos Aires. The main channel of communication is the navigable system of the Plata. Large river steamers and small sea-going ships penetrate as far as Asuncion. Thence north, the Paraguay is navigable by smaller steamers throughout the limits of the republic. Metric weights and measures. Principal Towns. Asuncion, the capital and chief river port; Villa Rica, the center of tobacco growing; Villa Concepcion, a trading center

Principal Towns. Oslo(Christiania) the capital; Bergen, an important seaport with fishing and ship-building industry;

Trondhjem and Stavanger.

OMAN
integrity has been guaranteed
It has

Arabia whose by Great Britain and France. an area of 82,000 square miles. The chief products are dates and other fruit. Maskat is the capital.

An independent

state in southeastern

on the Paraguay River.

PANAMA
The Country.
Panama, formerly a department
of the

PERSIA
The Country. Persia, country of Asia called Iran by the Persians and Arabs, has an area of about 628,000 square miles. Most of the country is a plateau, from 2,500 feet
to 3,500 feet above the sea, surrounded by mountain chains, except in the east, where are the huge salt deserts. An extension, locally known as the Khorasan Mountains
istan

republic of Colombia, has an area of 32,380 square miles. It occupies the narrowest portion of the connecting link

between North and South America, known as the Isthmus
of

Panama.

The

interior is elevated

and

is

The short rapid streams to both coasts. Azuero projects into the Pacific Ocean. Government. The constitution provides for a chamber of deputies of 33 members, and for a president of the republic, elected
gible

drained by peninsula of

Hindu Kush, enters on the northeast from Afghanand merges into the Elburz range south of the Caspian, the Cighest peak being Mt. Demavend, 19,400
of the

by

direct vote for four years

for the succeeding term.

and not eliThere are three vice-

feet.

Government.

The Shah

of Persia divides his

power with

presidents and a cabinet of five ministers. Commerce and Industry. The most important product Rubber is collected by the Indians of the is the banana.

a cabinet and a national assembly or "Majlis."
pire is divided into provinces ruled

directly responsible

The emby governors-general to the crown, and these are again

mountains, or is obtained from trees planted by Europeans near the coast. Coffee is grown near theCostaRican frontier. Other products are coconuts, mahogany, and other woods, copaiba, sarsaparilla and ipecacuanha.^ The country has great timber resources. Cattle raising is carried on successfully and hides form an important article of export. Pearl fishing is carried on at the Pearl Islands in the Gulf

divided into districts, cities, and their dependencies. Commerce and Industry. Deposits of coal and iron in the Elburz Mountains, copper, lead and other metallic ores in Kerman Desert, copper and turquoise in Khorasan and

rock salt near the Persian Gulf, are

known but have been
being obtained in_ in-

but

little

exploited.

Petroleum

is

creasing quantity.
fruit,

The chief exports are petroleum, opium

Panama and at Coiba Island. Turtle-shell is also exported to a considerable amount. Metric weights and measures. Communications. The U. S. government railroad beof

tween Colon and Panama, 48 miles in length, with a branch
line
is

3 miles to Balboa, the Pacific entrance to the canal,

the most important transportation route of the isthmus. There are also other railroad lines of minor importance. Principal Towns. Panama, the capital and chief port of the Pacific; Colon, the chief port on the Caribbean.

animals, raw cotton, rice, wool and carpets. Communications. Traflnc is by camels and cart caravans, merchants combining together for protection against robbers who in some parts are well-armed and numerous. Small steamers ply on the Karun as high as Ahwaz. With the exception of a small line (six miles) at Teheran and a branch of the Trans-Caspian Railway to Tabriz, there are

no railways.
Principal facturing
capital;

Towns. Teheran, the capital; Tabriz, manuand chief commercial center; Ispahan, the former Meshed, principal city of the northeasL

PARAGUAY
Paraguay, one of the two inland counSouth America, has an area of about 97,722 square An area officially stated to be 100,000 square miles miles. in extent, lying between the rivers Paraguay and Pilcomayo, known as the Chaco, is claimed by Paraguay, whose rights, however, are disputed by Bolivia. Government, The legislative authority is vested in a congress of two houses, a senate and a chamber of deputies elected by the people, the executive power being entrusted to a president, elected for a term of four years, with five ministers. There is also a non-active vice-president who is at the same time president of the senate.

The Country.

PERU
republic with an area The Cordilleras of the Andes divide Peru into three natural divisions. The first lies between the coast and the Maritime Cordillera, and consists for the most part of desert. By means of irriga tion much

tries of

The Country.

A South American

of 709,871 square miles.

,

of this desert is

now

cultivated.

The second
and

lies

between

the Maritime and Central Cordillera, clad uplands, suitable for the rearing of cattle and sheep. Further east in the mountainous regions between the Central and Real Cordilleras, there are huge mineral resources,

consists of grass-

untapped for the most part

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Government. The legislative power is vested in a senate of 35 members and a house of representatives of 110 members elected by direct vote and renewed totally every five years. The executive power is entrusted to the president,
elected for five years
five years.

ISI

and sugar beets are important crops. Flax and wool, obtained locally and imported cotton are worked into
tatoes
textile goods.

and not re-eligible
six ministers.

until after another

The president exercises
Industry.

his executive functions

through a cabinet of

deposits which are found in the mountainous regions of the east, consist of
gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, zinc,sulphur,

Commerce and

The mineral

petroleum and

various valuable earths. Cotton, sugar and corn are the principal productions; coffee, cacao and coca (from which
rilla,

is made) are also cultivated. Cinchona, sarsapacopaiba are produced in large quantities. Rubber which is now an important product is found in the basin

cocaine

Communications. Poland has about 8,000 miles of railways, all of which are the property of the state. There are about 2,000 miles of navigable waterways of which 300 miles are accessible for vessels of over 400 tons. The most important canal is the former German Bromberg Canal from the Vistula to the Netze. Principal Towns. Warsaw, the capital; Lodz, a great textile industry center; Lemberg (Lwow), I&akow, the old capital of Poland; Posen (Poznan), Bialystok, a railway center with manufactures of linens, etc.

of

the Amazon.

The

PORTUGAL
a republic in the extreme southwest of Europe, has an area of 34,254 square miles. Including, however, the Azores and Madeira Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, which politically form an integral part of the republic, the area is 35,490 square miles. The length of Portugal from north to south is approximately 300 miles anditsaverage widthisalittlelessthan 100 miles. Physically, Portugal is an integral part of the Iberian peninsula, its mountains and rivers being mainly prolongations of those of Spain. The longest river rising in Portugal is the Mondego. The chief rivers are the Minho, which forms part of the northern boundary; the Guadiana, which forms part of the southeastern frontier; the Duero and the Tagus. Government. There are two chambers, viz.: the national council and the second or upper chamber. The former consists of 164 members elected for three years by direct suffrage; the latter is composed of 71 members, elected by all the municipal councils and is renewable as to one half of the members every three years. The president is elected by both chambers, his term of oSice being for four years; he may not be re-elected. He appoints the
ministers of state,

exports consist chiefly of minerals,

sugar, cotton

and rubber. The principal imports are manufactured goods and machinery. Metric weights and
measures.

The Country.

Portugal,

Communications. The Andean plateau has access to the sea by two mountain railways. One of these, the Callao-Oroya line, traverses the western Cordillera and is linked by a north extension to the gieat copper mines of
Pasco. The Southern Railway mounts over the west Cordillera to the north shore of Lake Titicaca at Puno whence steamers connect it with the Bolivian railway system. These two mountain railways with their extensions, together traverse about 900 miles. But much of the transport in the mountains is still carried by troops of llamas driven

by Indians.

The

river port of Iquitos, 2,300 miles

from the Atlantic,
affluents.

is visited

river steamers navigate great stretches of the

by ocean steamers. Large Amazonian

Metric weights and measures. Principal Towns, lama, the capital with manufactui'es of idss, furniture, etc.; Callao, the principal port; Cuzco, the ancient capital of the Incas; Arequipa, a cathedral town.

POLAND
Poland, whose independence has been re-established as the result of the war, consists of the Polish territories formerly incorporated into Russia, Austria and Prussia. The largest area was recovered from Russia, the so-called "Congress" Poland; from Austria, Poland recovered Galicia, with the valuable oil and salt mines and from Germany, Posen, West Prussia, and the necessary territory for an outlet to the Baltic Sea. It has an estimated area of about 150,000 square miles. It consists essentially of the basins of the Vistula and the Warthe (a tributary of the Oder), and stretches from the Carpathian Mountains towards the Baltic Sea. Only by a narrow corridor does it reach the shore, and the Free City of Danzig, at the head of this corridor, lying outside of the Republic, is the port of Poland.

who

Commerce and

Industry.

The Country.

allycultivated plant,and

are responsible to parliament. The vine is the most generwine the mostimportant product.
is

In the mountainous regions, rye
in the south,

grown and sheep and

goats are reared; in the north, corn and cattle are raised; wheat and swine. Olive trees cover nearly
1,000,000 acres;
figs,

tomatoes, potatoes, oranges, nuts, etc.

are grown. Fish, especially sardines and tunny fish are caught, cured and tinned for exportation. Cotton-spinning ranks next after fishing. Articles manufactured of

cork are largely exported. Other industries are silk, leather, glass, paper, and gold and silver filigree manufactures. Salt, gypsum and marble are exported. Communications. About 2,000 miles of railroads are in operation, of which nearly half are state-owned.
Principal Towns. Lisbon, the capital and chief seaport; Oporto, with extensive port wine trade; Setubal, noted for and export of fruit and salt; Braga, noted for its manufactures of firearms; Coimbra, an inland city with a famous university. Colonies and Dependencies. Portugal has a large colonial empire in Africa totahng 927,292 square miles and minor possessions in Asia, extending over 8,972 squan miles. Thus the total area of the colonies is 936,264 square
miles.

Government. There are two chambers, a diet and a senate, both elected by universal suffrage of both sexes. The president, elected for a term ot seven years by the diet and senate united in a national assembly, is the supreme commander of the army, and can make treaties with foreign
powers.

its sardine fisheries

Commerce and
land ranks third
the world.

Industry.

In the production of coal, Po-

among the European countries. 1 1 occupies fifth place among the petroleum producing countries of

Iron ore, copper, lead and rock salt are extensively mined. Rye is the chief cereal. Fruits, wheat, po-

In Africa the colonies are: Cape Verde Islands, 1,480 square miles, with the capital, Porto Praya; Guinea on the coast of Senegal, with 13,940 square miles; Principe and St

182

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
Union of Socialist Soviet Republics and is a federation of seven socialist republics: Russia proper including Siberia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Armenia, White Russia, Khiva, and Georgia; six autonomous republics, and ten autonomous areas. Georgia includes two additional autonomous republics and one autonomous area. Russia is mostly a plain and nowhere does the land rise to heights exceeding 1,200 feet; only in the fringing Caucasus, Crimean heights and Urals are there peaks exceeding 5,000 feet; for roughly 200 miles north of the Caspian Sea, the land is below sea level. Neariy all the most useful rivers radiate from the Valdai Hills, the central boss. Of them the greatest is the Volga, which flows east to Kasan and then south to the Caspian, receinng the Kama set of tributaries from the Urals. The Don and the Dnieper flow to the Black Sea, the Dvina to the Baltic Sea across Latvia and the Volkhof to Lake Ladoga which drains by the Neva to the Gulf of Finland.
Government.
local, regional,

Thomas Islands \s-ith 360 square miles; Angola (Portuguese West Africa) with 4S4,S00 square miles and a coast line of 1,000 miles; capital, Loanda; and Mozambique (Portuguese East Africa) with an area of 428,132 square miles; capital, Lourenco Marques.
In Asia the possessions are Goa, 1,469 square miles; Diu,
169 square miles; and Timor, 7,330 square and Macao, 4 square miles, in China.
miles, in India;

RUMANIA
Rumania, which now has an area of 122,282 square miles, consisted in 1914, of the two principalities of Walachia and Moldavia, together with the Dobruja on the other side of the Danube. To these were added after

The Country.

the great war, Bessarabia to the east and Bukowina to the north of Moldana, along with Transjlvania and part of the Hungarian plain. The physical structure of Rumania Walachia is bordered on the is comparatively simple. north and Moldavia on the west by the great arc of the Carpathians. On the south and east this range passes into

The government

of the peoples

tionalities inhabiting the territory of

Russia

is

and navested in

and

soldiers

a region of

hills

which in Walachia has an extreme breadth

and central Soviets or councils of workers delegates. Only those have qualifications for
are earning a livelihood
is

The Dobruja, situated between the Black Sea and the Danube in its northward course, is hilly in
of fifty miles.

franchise

who

by productive

labor.

The

central

power

in the

hands

of the peoples

commis-

the north, plateau-like in the south and marshy along the coast, especially in the deltaic land of the northeast. Bessarabia, in soil and climate, belongs essentially to the steppe lands of Russia. Transylvania, is, on the whole, a mountainous coimtry; on the east and south lie the Carpathians, while within the great curve formed by them is a high tableland, relieved by various ranges and deeply dissected by river valleys. To the southwest of Transylvania lies the Banat, much of which has been

sars elected

by the All-Russian
Moscow.

so\iet congress convened

periodically in

local or regional Soviets,

foreign affairs, foieign trade, etc. are in the

Local affairs are settled by the but matters pertaining to war, hands of the

central

government. Many of the largest industries have been socialized and are nm by the government, though smaller industries are run by private ouTiers.

Commerce and Industry. Under normal conditions Rusthe world's greatest grower of rye and barley, and was second only to the United States in the production of oats and wheal. Less than a quarter of these grain crops were exported. Skins, hides and furs are also largely exported under normal conditions. Flax and hemp are products of the wet soils of the west; sugar beets are cultivated in the southwest, near the Dnieper; and tobacco, vines, mulberry trees and cotton are produced in the warm south. The forests jield timber, wood pulp, wooo pitch and turpentine, and the tundra yields furs. Coal is mmed west of the Urals, south of Moscow and in the valley of the Donetz; iron is mined in the first two coal fields, in the neighborhood of Krivoi Rog, 100 miles northeast of Kherson and near Kertch in the Crimea.
saa is

ceded to Rumania.

GoTernment. Constitutional monarchy. No act of the king can become effective until it has been countersigned by the minister of state. The executive power which belongs to the crown is generally exercised by the council of ministers appointed and dismissed by the king. Parhament consists of two houses, a chamber of deputies and a senate. All citizens of twenty-one years, paying taxes, are
electors.

Commerce and

Industry.

About 80 per

cent, of the pop-

ulation are engaged in agriculture. Wheal is the chief crop cultivated, but com and other cereals, the mulberrj-, tobacco and vines are also grown. Principal mining prod-

ucts are

oil,

salt, lignite, iron

and copper

ore.

Metric

Communications.

In October 1917 the length of

rail-

weights and measures.

About 7,500 miles of railway and a navigation service on the Danube and Black Sea are all
Communications.
under government control. PrincipalTowns. Bukharest (Bucuresti), the capital; Jassy; Galatz, chief port on the Danube; Ismail, a river
port in Bessarabia Ivishenef , a trading center in Bessarabia.
;

ways was 34,000 miles. There are over 20,000 miles of rivers, canals, and lakes navigable for steamers. PrincipalTowns. Moscow, the capital; Petrograd, the
former capital; Odessa, a great port on the Black Sea; Kief, the former capital of LTcraine;Kharkof, the present capital

RUSSIA
The Country.

and industrial center. Russia in Asia and Dependencies. Siberia forms an integral part of So\"iet Russia; Turkestan, Khirghiz, Yakut, and Buriat-Mongol are autonomous republics. Oirad is an
autonomous
area.

Allied to Soviet Russia, without formof
it, is

The former Russian empire extended

ing, however,

an integral part

the former vassal state

from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean and from the Black Sea to the Arctic Ocean, stretching nearly half way around the globe and including an area of 8,500,000 square miles. Of this area it lost about 300,000 square miles to Finland, Poland, Lat^•ia, Lithuania, Esthonia, which have been recognized as independent countries and Bessarabia, which was annexed by Rumania. The official name of Russia is now:

of the Russian Empire: Bokhara, with an area of 83,000 square miles.

duces mostly cotton and raw

silk;

It prowheat, hemp, tobacco,

and

fruit

trees are extensively

cultivated,

and sheep,

camels, and horses are br^d in the steppes. Gold, alum, The principal towns are salt, and sulphur are found. Bokhara, Kermineh, Karshi, and Charjui.

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
one of the seven members of the Union. Its area is about; 24,000 square miles. It consists mainly of sandy deserts, the only fertile part being the
is

183

Khna, on the Sea of Aral,

SPAIN
The Country. Spain, a kingdom in the southwest of Europe, occupying about five-sixths of the Iberian Penan area of 194,783 square miles. The Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands form two of its forty-nine provinces; the province of Cadiz includes Ceuta, a fortified station on the north coast of Morocco. A greater part of the surface is a tableland ranging in height from 2,000 feet to 3,0t)0 feet above sea level. This great table land is enclosed by the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees on the north and the Sierra Morcna on the south. Outside tho plateau lie the highest summits of tho whole country, tho Pic do Nethou in the Pyrenees being over 11,000 feet. The plateau itself is traversed by four mountain-ranges which separate tho valley of the Ebro from that of the Duero. All tho considerable rivers except tho Ebro flow westward to the Atlantic. Government. Spain is a constitutional monarchy and legislation is vested in the king and tho cortes (senate and congress). The senate consists of not more than 300 members and congress of deputies in the proportion of one to every 50,000 of the population. Commerce and Industry. Spain is largely an agriculinsula, has

Amu-Daria delta. Here grains and fruit are cultivated. The chief industries are pottery and textile fabrics. Khiva
is

the capital.

SALVADOR
smallest of the American and the only one of the Central American states lying wholly on the Pacific, has an area of 13,253 square miles. The Pacific coast plain is narrow, and is backed by the coast range of mountains, which rise above 7,000 feet, and contain many volcanoes. The chief river is the Lempa. Government. The administrative atTairs of the republic are carried on, under the president, by a ministry of four members, having charge of the departments. Every citirepublics

The Country. Salvador, the

zen over eighteen years of ago not only has the right, but compelled to vote.

is

Population is largely engaged in agriculture. Coffee is the chief crop and the chief export; cacao, sugar, indigo and tobacco are grown. Cattle are numerous. Gold, silver, copper, iron and mercury occur. Metric weights and measures. Communications. Total railroad mileage is 213 miles. Principal Towns. San Salvador, the capital ; Santa Ana, center of the sugar-growing district, and San Miguel, an
agricultural center.

Commerce and

Industry.

Wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats and rice are tho chief crops; the annual production of grape-juice exceeds 500,000,000 gallons and of olive oil 385,000 tons. Silk culture and stock raiding are important branches of
tural country.

industry.
pyrites,

SAN MARINO
The Country, One of the oldest states in Europe and one of the smallest republics in the woild, entirely surby Italian territory. The frontier is 24 miles long and encloses an area of 38 square miles. The state is hilly, embracing spurs of the Apennines. Authority rests in the council of 60 popularly elected members; a third of whom are renewable every three years, and from whom two selected councillors act as regents for a period of six months. Wine, cattle and stone are exported. The capital, whose name is also San Marino, is situated on the Mt. TitanOo
rountied

cotton, machinery, coal
fish;

Coal, iron, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, iron lignite are mined. Tho chief imports are raw and coke, chiimical proiiucts and the chief exports are metals and mineral ores, wine,

and

SIAM
of southeaEtern Asia in the Indo-Chinese peninsula, occupying an area of 198,900 square miles. Tho climate is hot, but not unhealthy and the country is mountainous and forest-covered. Government. Siam is nominally a constitutional, but

The Country.

An independent kingdom

and manufactures and cork. Total length of railways is about private companies. Principal Towns. Madrid, the capital; Barcelona, the chief seaport, on tho Mediterranean; Valencia, important center of tobacco and pottery; Seville, a thriving port and chief city of Andalusia; Malaga, an important seaport and health resort; Saragossa, capital of the former kingdom of Aragon; Cartagena, fortified seaport on the Mediterranean. Colonies and Dependencies, The former great colonial empire of Spain is now considerably reduced. All colonies are in Africa and occupy a total area of 128,149 square miles. They consist of Spanish Morocco with 7,700 sq. miles, with the fortified towns of Ceuta and Melilla; Ifni, 965 sq. miles; Rio de Oro, 109,200 sq. miles; and Spanish Guinea, including Fernando Po and other small islands, 10,284 sq. miles.
olive oil, oranges, cotton

Communications.

10,000 miles, owned

by

practically an absolute monarchy. The king, assisted by a cabinet of 12 ministers with crown nominees, form a legislative council.

SWEDEN
Sweden occupying the eastern and larger portion of the Scandinavian peninsula, has an area of 173,035 square miles. Tho length is nearly 1,000 miles and it has a coast hno of over 1,500 miles. Besides the large number of small islands which fringe the coast, Sweden includes the two largo Baltic islands of Gotland and Oland. Her islands cover an area of 3,000 sq. miles. Tho whole coun,

The Country.

Commerce and

main export. cardamoms, areca nut, gamboge and tobacco. Teak is tho chief commercial ])roduct of tho forests. The mineral resources are exlunsivo and varied, including tin, tungsten, wolfram, coal and iron, zinc, manganese and antimony. Communications. About 1,500 miles of railway are in operation. It is now possible to travel by train to Bangkok, via Penang (Georgetown) to Singapore. The Menam is navigable by deep-draught launches during flood for 275
miles.

Rice is tho staple crop and the Other produce includes pepper, sesamum,
Industry.

a tal)leland sloping from the Kjolen range to the Balless than 8 per cent of the surface of Sweden is water, the immense number of lakes covering 14,000 square miles. The two largest are Wenner and Wetter, in the southern portion of the country and are connected by an
try
is tic.

No

Principal Towns. Bangkok, the capital, principal port and trading center; Ayuthia, trading center on the Menam

Eiver

system of canals. Government. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy, the king's power being exercised in conjunction with a council
excellent

184
of state

GAZETTEER OP PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
and a
diet.

There are two chambers, the

first

of

150 members and the second of 230.

Commerce and Industry.
toes, barley,

rye and

Principal crops are oats , potawheat. Live stock are produced in

A large amount of butter is exported. Forests of pine, fir and larch cover more than half of the area and her output of timber and paper pulp is very large.
great number.

adjacent to Constantinople and is now mainly confined to Asia Minor, a peninsula of southwestern Asia. This peninsula from north to south varies in length from three hundred to four hundred miles and from east to west is

The mining
is

of iron ore

and the production of iron and slee!

of utmost importance. Cream separators, matches, lighthouse apparatus, telephone supplies, motors and many

ized products of industry.

kinds of electrical machinery are among the highly specialPorcelain factories and the glass

factories produce wares that

have achieved a high reputa-

About 3,500,000 H.P. are available for hydroelectric development, of which 800,000 are being used. Metric weights and measurements.
tion in the markets of the world.

Communications. Sweden has about 10,000 miles of railway supplemented by an excellent system of canals. Steamer communication is kept up on the internal waterways along the coast during the open season. Principal Towns. Stockholm, the capital; Gottenborg the chief seaport; Malmo, a seaport opposite Copenhagen; Norrkoping, an important manufacturing town.

SWITZERLAND
Switzerland, an inland mountainous country in the central portion of the Alps, has an area of 15,976 square miles. The northwest of the country bounding France and Germany consists of some of the parallel ridges and valleys of the Jura Mountains. Between Lake Constance on the Rhine and the Lake of Geneva on the Rhone are the Lakes Neuchatel, Zurich, Lucerne, Brienz, Bienne, etc., which all drain to, the Aar. Lake Geneva and Lake Constance each exceed 200 square miles in area; Lake Neuchatel covers 93 square miles. Owing to its elevation, much of Switzerland is under permanent snow. Government. Smtzerland is a confederate republic of twenty-five cantons. The parliament consists of the state council (44 members) and the national council (189 members). The federal assembly which consists of both chambers, is the supreme authority. The referendum is used when legislative measures are submitted directly to the people. The separate cantons have an independent system of local government. Commerce and Industry. The thousands of tourists who visit Switzerland have made hotel-keeping one of the principal industries of the country. Silk, cotton and textile mills employ thousands, the manufacture of machinery, clocks and watches, and dairy farming are the most important economic factors of Switzerland. Large quantities of milk are consumed in chocolate factories and milk-condensing concerns, and in the manufacture of cheese for export. Metric weights and measures. Communications. About 4,000 miles of railways are in operation, a large portion of which is electrified.
Principal
St. Gall

The Country.

about 800 miles. Much of the district is an elevated plateau, the altitude varying from 6,000 to 2,500 feet above the sea. Among the chief mountains are the Taurus Chains, stretching across the south of the country from the southwest shore of the Aegean to the the north of Syria, their principal peaks reaching from 7,000 feet to 10,000 feet; the Bulgar Mountains are upwards of 10,000 feet and the Ala Mountains, north of Adana, are 8,000 to 10,000 feet high. Between the mountains on the north and on the south are several chains, from one of which —near Kaisarieh, soars Mount Argaeus, 13,100 feet and the highest peak in Asia Minor. Flowing into the Black Sea are the Chorok, the Yeshil Irmak, the Kizil Irmak (Halys) and the Sakaria. Into the Mediterranean flow the Sihun and the Jihun. In the east of Asia Minor are the sadwaters of both the Euphrates and the Tigris as well as of the Aras (Araxes). The lakes are the Tuz, 60 miles long; the Kirili, 30 miles long; the Eyerdir, 30 miles long in Anatolia; and Lake Van 80 miles long. Government. Constitutional republic with national assembly elected by the people and a council of state appointed by the president. The executive power is entrusted
)

to a cabinet responsible to the assembly. Commerce and Industry. Agriculture

is

primitive,

but

the soil, where cultivable, is fertile and produces considerable crops of wheat, barley, cotton, tobacco, nuts, figs, ohves, grapes and other fruits. A large quantity of opium is groNvn. The exports include cereals, cotton, fruit, olive oil, tobacco, carpets and wool. Asia Minor is rich in minerals, which, however, are only slightly worked.

About 1,500 miles of railways are Bagdad railroad extends from the Bosphorus via Adana and Aleppo to Nisibin. Principal Towns. Constantinople, the capital; Smyrna, an important seaport; Brusa, the ancient capital and cenCommunications.
in operation.

The

so-called

ter of silk manufacture; Sivas, a

mining center; Angora,

the provisional capital.

UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA
The Country. The Union of South Africa is a self-governing dominion of the British Empire; area 473,089 square miles. The Union of South Africa consists of the four prov-

Towns.

Zui'ich,

gi'eat

industrial

center;

Basel, manufacture of silk ribbons; Bern, the capital;
(St. Gallen), industrial center south of Lake Constance; Lausanne, educational center; Geneva, headand noted for its

Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Transvaal and Orange Free State. South Africa is a vast tableland with a lofty rim to the east and south, represented by the Drakensberg and other mountains. The main drainage is carried west by the Orange and Vaal Rivers. The Cape region has a vegetation of evergreen trees, shrubs and heaths; the wellwatered eastern terraces are clothed with a rich wooded savannah, with palms on the coastal belt; over vast acres of the eastern tableland there is an almost treeless grassland, the veldt, which merges westwards into scrub and bush, composed of thorn bushes and other droughtinces, the

quarters of the League of Nations, watches; Lucerne, great tourist center.

TURICEY
The Country. Turkey, now reduced in size to about 174,900 square miles, comprises a portion of Thrace

In the north the gi-assland is wooded, and is known as the bush veldt. Southwest /I /"nVa, formerly German, with an area of 322,400 square miles, is now administered by the Union under a mandate from the League
resisting plants.

of Nations.

Government Under the act constituting the Union, the sovereign appoints a governor-general, who, with an

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
executive council, administers the executive government Departments of state have been estabof the Union. lished, the governor-general appointing officers to administer them. Legislative power is vested in a parlia-

185

Government.

The

country, a federal republic of forty-

ment consisting of the king, a senate and a house of assembly. The senate may not be dissolved within ten years of the establishment of the Union. There must be a session of parliament every year.
Industry. The most important cereal Tobacco is widely grown. The leading Dairy farming is is sheep raising. very successful in Natal on the higher and cooler eastern terraces and in similarly situated parts of the Cape

is bound together by the pact of 1787, put in force in 1789. The Federal Government, from its seat at Washington, deals with only such matters as the states have delegated to it, and each state retains

eight sovereign states,

complete authority over

all

The government

looks after foreign relations,

unenumerated categories. army and

Commerce and
is

crop

corn.

navy, and dependencies, and controls interstate trade, customs, post office, currency, bankruptcy and patents. The ordinary civil and criminal law are state matters,

pastoral occupation

but income tax, suits between residents of different states, prohibition, and the majority of banks are under the control of Washington. The president and
vice-president are elected every four years.

enormous; of

Ostriches are reared. The mineral wealth is this, gold represents considerably more than Ranking second to the gold mines as regards the half. value of their output are the diamond mines. monetary
province.

The

vice-

president presides over senate, and, in case the president The president is commander-indies, fills out his term.

Coal

is

mined

in the Transvaal

and Orange Free

State.

Among metals of secondary importance are copper and The Union is now the world's largest producer of tin. conmdum, and has valuable asbestos mines. As regards
manufactures, the products include biscuits, jams and preserves, beer, cement, soap, candles, matches, furniture,
leather, boots

and shoes, explosives, chemicals, tobacco, and so forth. Communications. The whole transport system of South Africa railways, ports and harbors is owned and managed by the State. There are nearly 10,000 miles of
vehicles

army and navy, and until it comes to treatymaking, is supreme in foreign affairs. He can, within ten days of its passage, veto any bill. The senate, representing the states as sovereign entities, has two members from each state, regardless of its importance; the house has state delegations proportionate to their population. Senators sit for six years, and, as one third retire every second year, the life of the senate is never interrupted and is periodically renewed. Congressmen are elected for two years, a general election being held every presidential year and again two
chief of the

years later.

railway.
Principal Towns. Johannesburg, the center of the densely populated gold mining region; Cape Town, the premier port of South Africa; Durban ranks second, and is the principal port for Johannesburg; the nearest port to the latter city is, however, Delagoa Bay (Lourenco Marques), which takes a certain portion of the Transvaal

Commerce and Industry. The mineral supply is one of the chief natural sources of wealth of the country, which exceeds every other in its output of coal, iron, oil and silThe deposits of gold, quick-silver, lead and copver. per also are extensive. In the west and northeast are dense forests of pine, spruce, birch and maple; in the southeast the cedar, pine, and many valuable hard woods
abound; in the east-central part grow oak, maple, hickory, elm, and other useful trees, while in California are found
the giant sequoia trees. The great agricultural region, raising three fourths of the corn and wheat crop of the world, is in the northern and central part of the Mississippi Valley. Three fourths of the cotton supply of the world, and half the tobacco crop, together with corn, rice, and tropical grow luxuriantly in the south; grains, vegetables, fruits, including grapes, are cultivated extensively in California. The raising of cattle, sheep, hogs and poulfruits,

trade; Pretoria, Port Elizabeth

and East London.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Area of the contiguous territory of United States is 3,026,791 square miles. Length from north to south is 1,780 miles, width from east to west 3,100 miles, coastline 21,354 miles. Mountains and highlands cover the eastern and western borders; the Rocky Mountains in the west, the Appalachians in the east. Short slopes and coastal plains di-ained eastward by the Hudson, Delaware, Susquehanna, Potomac and other rivers, and westward by the Columbia and Colorado, extend from the mountains to the sea-boards. Between the mountain-systems is the great central valley
Tlie

Country.

continental

try, are

important industries, yielding an immense product

for export.

of the Ohio-Missouri-Mississippi river system.

Waterfalls,

Niagara, are features along many of the The climates vary in different regions, owing to rivers. the size of the country. Its northern regions are in a zone where winters are long and severe; its southern extremities But for the most part the country lie near the tropics. is temperate, though tiie summers are much hotter and the winters colder than in western Europe. The prevailing winds of the northwest are from the Pacific Ocean; they give the western coast a mild and fairly uniform climate. In Florida and Texas there are regions where tropical vegetation flourishes; in California and the states along the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic, as far north as Virginia, subtropical plants are found.
chief of

which

is

Communications. Total railway mileage 270,000. Total tonnage of American shipping about 7,000,000. The New York Barge Canal from Buffalo on Lake Erie to Troy on the Hudson River is 352 miles long, to which its Oswego and Cayuga-Seneca tributaries add another 100 miles. The Great Lakes are connected with each other and by canals with the Atlantic Ocean, Saint Lawrence River and the Mississippi River. There are over 290 streams in the country used to a substantial degree for navigation, with an approximate navigable mileage of 26,400.
Principal Towns. New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore,

Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, Buffalo. kee, Washington, the capital.

San Francisco, Milwau-

Dependencies. The total area of Dependencies and non-contiguous territory of the United States is 716,740 square miles divided as follows: On the Continent of America, Alaska, with an area of 590,884 square miles, forms a territory of the United States, governed conjointly

1S6

GAZETTEER OF PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
gold mines are worked. Silver, copper, lead, magnesia and lignite coal are found. The exports consist almost entirely of

by Congress

at Washington and by the local legislative assembly consisting of 8 senators and 16 representatives.

The seat

Juneau. Other dependencies in Ameiica are the Panama CanalZone, with an area of about 500 square miles, the ViTgin Islands, with an area of 132 square miles, (formerly Danish West Indies), and its capital, St. Thomas, and the island of Porto Rico, with an area of 3,425 square miles and its capital, San Juan. In the Pacific Ocean is the most important dependency, the Philippine Islands, with a total area of 114,400 square milea and the capital, Manila. A governor-general, appointed by the president of the United States, administers the islands in conjunction with the local legislative body, consisting of two houses, the senate and a house of representatives. Other dependencies in Oceania are the islands of Guam, with an area of 225 square miles; Hawaii, with an area of 6,449 square miles with the capital Honolulu, and American Samoa, with an area of 102 square miles.
is

of government and largest

town

animal products. Metric weights and measxires. Communications. River transport is very extensive.

The Uruguay
link

tions, while railways of

affords the principal means of communicaa total length of nearly 1,600 miles the ports with the chief centers of commerce. up Principal Towns. Montevideo, the capital and chief seaport; Paysandu, seaport on the Uruguay, with meat packing interests; Salto, also on the Umguay, with largo trade in hides,

VENEZUELA
The Country. Venezuela has an
miles.

area of 398,594 squara

It comprises roughly the basin of the Orinoco

URUGUAY
The
miles.

Country.

Uruguay hag an area of 72,153 square The most notable feature of Uruguay is its long

almost the entire length of the country, occasionally broken by low mountain ranges and copiously watered by numerous streams. The Uruguay River, forms the western boundary with its chief tributary the Negro, draining the entire central portion of the republic. The climate is generally moderate and healthy.
rolling plains, comprising

and the district surrounding the Gulf of Maracaibo. The country is divided geographically into three distinct zones, viz., the extensive plains and river valleys, Icnown as llanos, affording excellent pasturage for cattle; the mountain section, formed by three mountain ranges; and the tablelands. This variety of physical features yields an equal variety of climate, products and soil. Government. Legislative authority of the republic is vested in a congress of two chambers, the senate and the
of deputies. The former consists of forty members elected for three years, two for each state. The latter constituted by du-ect election for three years. The exec-

chamber
is

executive is divided between the president and a national administrative council. The president is elected for four years by direct vote and may be re-elected after an interval of eight years. The national administrative council consists of nine members, six of the majority party and three of the largest minority
party; three retiring every two years. The election is by direct popular vote. The president appoints the ministers of foreign atfairs, of war and maiine and of the interior and has supreme control of these departments; the other ministers are appointed by the council. The legislative power is vested in a parhament of two houses, the senate and the
of representatives, which meet in annual session. In the interval of the session, a permanent committee of five members of the lower house assumes the control of the executive power. The representatives are chosen for three years. The senators are chosen for six

GoTemment The

utive power is exercised by the president in conjunction with the cabinet ministers through whom he acts. The president is elected by congress for seven years; there is no
restriction as to re-election.

Commerce and Industry. Coffee and cacao are largely grown and exported and wheat and other cereals thrive. The mountains are heavily wooded and many useful trees and plants are found. The mines produce gold, silver, copper and lead; the various asphalt lakes yield the best
quality of asphalt; along the coast pearls are obtained.

chamber

Metric weights and measures. Communications. Total railway mileage is about 700 The waterways of Venezuela form important means of communication and transportation, there being no less than 70 navigable rivers in the country with a total navigable length of over 6,000 nailes of which the Orinoco, with
miles.

two senators and

years

elected

by an electoral college whose members are du-ectly by the people. Commerce and Industry. Sheep and cattle raising are

the principal industry. Agriculture is also practiced to a considerable extent, nearly all of the cereals being growTi. Wine is produced in considerable quantities, and tobacco and olives are cultivated. In the northern department,

furnishes neaily 4,000 miles. A regular steamship service is maintained on the Orinoco, between Ciudad Bolivar and the interior, as well as points along the coast. Ocean-going vessels enter Lake Maracaibo which is navigable in its entirety. Principal Towns. Caracas, the capital; Maracaibo, the city with extensive export trade in coffee, cocoa and rubber; Ciudad Bohvar, on the right bank of the Orinoco, with export trade of coffee, hides, etc.; Puerto Cabello, and
its tributaries,

La Guaua,

seaports.

DISTANCES BETWEEN- THB CITIBS OF THE

V.

S.

DISTANCES BETWEEN THE LARGER CITIES OF THE UNITED STATES
The
distances are

by the shortest usually traveled
table of distances.

railroad routes.

Compiled from the

War

Department's

official

Fbom

iEEAS OF THE EAETH

PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

Copu,

etc.

7,000,000

CHARACTER OF lATO) OF THE EARTH

'^RE MILES

PRINCIPAL RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES

VOTE FOR PRESIDENT

.

. . . ,

.

.

. . . .

.

.

. .. . . . . .
,

.

.

VOTE FOR PRESIDENT

PRESIDENTIAL VOTE
Year and
Party
1876
Total
Elect.

1876-1924
Candidate and State
Total Vote
Elect.

Year and
Party

Candidate and State

Vote

Vote

Vote

Rep

Rutherford

B. Hayes, O.

4,033, 9S0

Samuel J. Tildeii, N. Y Greenback. Peter Cooper, N. Y Prohib Green Clay Smith, Ky Amer James B. Waker, HI

Dem

1904

4,284,885 81,740 9,S22 2,636

Rep

Dem
Soc Prohib

Theodore Roosevelt, N.
Alton B. Parker, N. Eufjene V. Debs, Ind Silas C. Swallow, Pa

Peop
Soc.

L

Rep

J\irES A. Garfikld, Ohio.

Y.. 7,628,834 5,084,491 402.460 259,257 Thomas E. Watson, G;i 114.753 Charles H. Corregan, N. Y. 33,724

Y

336 140

.

.

.

Dem

Hancock, Pa Greenback. James B. Weaver, Iowa. Prohib Ncal Dowe, Me Amer John W. Phelps, Vt
S.

W.

.

4,449,0S3 4.442.030 307.306 10,305

1908

Rep

707

Dem
Soc Prohib

William H. Taft, Ohio
William
J.

Bryan,

Neb

1884

Dem
Rep

Eugene V. Debs, Ind. Eugene W. Chafin, 111.
.

Gro\'er Ci.E\'ELANr), N. Y. James G. Blaine, Me Prohib John P. St. John. Kan Greenback. Benj. F. Butler, Mass

4.011.017 4,848,334 151,809 133.825

219
182

Ind. League Thos. L. Hisgen, Mass. Peop Thos. E. Watson, Ga. Soc. L August Gillhaus, N. Y.

7.679.006 6,409.106 420.820 252.683 83.562 28,131 13,825

321 162

Rep

Dem
Prohib U. Labor. United L..
.
.

BENjAiON Harrison, Ind Grover Cleveland. N. Y Clinton B. Fisk. N. J
A. J. Streeter, 111 R. H. Cowdry, 111
Jas. L. Curtis,

1912
5,444,337 5,540,050 250.125 146.897 2.808
1.591

Dem
Rep
Prog
Soc Prohib. Soc. L.
.
.

Amer Soc

N.

Y

.

2,063

WnoDROW Wilson. N. J William H. Taft, Ohio Theodore Roosevelt, N. Y. Eugene V. Debs. Ind Eugene W. Chaplin. Ariz. Arthur E. Reimer, Mass

6,286.214
.5.483.922
. .

.

.

.

4,126.020 901,873 207.928 29,259

Dem
Rep
Peop

Gro%t:r Cleveland, N. Y..
Ben. Harrison, Ind James B. Weaver, Iowa John Bidwell, Cal

.

Prohib Soc. Lab... Simon Wing, Mass

5,554.414 5.190.802 1,027.329 271.058 21,164

277
145

1916

Dem.
Rep.
Soc.
.
.

.

WooDROW
J.

.

22

.

Prohib.
Soc. L..

Chas. E. Hughes, N. Y Allen J. Benson. N. Y Frank Hanly, Ind Arthur Reimer, Mass

Wilson, N. J

9,129.606 8.538.221 585.113 220.506 13,403

277 254

1896

Rep

William McKinley, Ohio.

.

.

.

7,035,638

271
it.:

Dem

Peop

WiHi-am J. Bryan, Neb l ^ ,^, n,-c WiUiim J. Bryan, Neb / 6,467,946 Prohib Joshua Levering, Md 141 ,676 Nat.-Dem.. John M. Palmer, HI 131.529 Ch-'.rles H. Matchett, N. Y.. Soc. Lab. 36.454 Charles E. Bentley, Neb Nat. 13,969
.

176

1920 Rep.

.

.

Warren

G. H.\rding. Ohio.

.

Dem.
.

.

Prohib.
.

.

.

.

.

Soc. Far.-L..
.

James M. Cox, Ohio Aaron Sherm.an Watkins Eugene V. Debs, Ind
Perley Parker Christensen...
.

16.138.914 9.142.438 192.438 915.302 272,514

404
127

1900

1924
...

Rep

William McKintxy, Ohio. W iliiam J. Bryaa, Neb Prohib John G. Woolley, 111 A.-F. Peop. Wharton Barker, Pa Soc Dem. Eugeae V. Debs, Ind

Dem

7.219.530 6,358,071

292
155

Rep

Dem
Prog
Far.-L....

CALVIN COOLIDGE John W. Davis
.
.

.

209.166 50,373 96,768
32,75 1 1,059

.

Jos. F. MaUonev, Mass U.Christian J. F. R. Leonard, Iowa U. Reform. Seth H. EUis, Ohio

Soc.

L

.

5,698

Robt. M. LaFollettc. William Z. Foster Soc.L.... Frank T. Johns Prohib... Herman P. Fans Amer. Gilbert O. Nations Com. Ld. William J. WaUace
. .

.

15.718,789 .378.962 ,822.319 37.008 28.161 20.337 2.236 3,257

382 136
13

DATA OF STATES
State
Admitted to the Union
14, 1819. 14, 1912. June 15, 1836. Sept. 9. 1850.

Area
Sq. IVL

Rep.

Elec.

Cong

State

Admitted to the Union
1867. Oct. 31, 1864. 'June 2 1 1788.
1,
,

Area
Sq.

Rep.

M. Cong.

Elec Vote
8
3

Alabama
Arizona Arkansas
California

Dec. Feb.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Colorado Connecticut

Delaware
Florida

1876 *Jan. 9, 1788 *Dec. 7, 1787 ...
1
,

Aug.

.

March
July Dec. Dec. Dec.

3, 1845..

Georgia

*Jan. 2, 1788
3, 1890 3. 1818 11, 1816.

Idaho
Blinois

Indiana

.

Iowa Kansas Kentucky
Louisiana

28, 1846. Jan. 29, 1861. ..
.

.

June

1,

1792
.

April 8, 1812.

,

Maine Maryland
Massachusetts.
. .

March

15. 1820..
.

Michigan Minnesota
Mississippi

Missouri

'April 28, 1 788. 'Feb. 6, 1788. Jan. 26, 1837.. Alay 11, 1858. Dec. 10. 1817. Aug. 10, 1821 ..
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Montana

Nov.

8,

1889

51.998 113,956 53.335 158.297 103.948 4.965 2.370 58.666 59,265 83.888 56.665 36,354 56.147 82.158 40,598 48.506 33,040 12.327 8.266 S7.980 «4,6S2 46.S65 69,420 146,997

Nebraska

March

Nevada

New Hampshire. New Jersey New Mexico New York
North Carolina. North Dakota Ohio

77.520 110.690
.

.

*Dec. 18, 1787. Jan. 6, 1912. 'July 26, 1788.
.

9.341 8.224 122,634

4
14 3

. .

'Nov. 21, 1789.

Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania.
. .

Nov. 2, 1889. Nov. 29, 1802. Nov. 16, 1907.
.

,

Rhode Island
South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee Texas
.

Feb. 14. 1859. .'Dec. 12, 1787. 'May 29, 1790. 'May 23, 1788.
.

.

.

49,204 52,426 70,837 41,040 70,057 96,699 45.126
1,248

45
12

.

.

30,939
77,615 42,022

Utah Vermont
Virginia

1, 1796. Dec. 29. 1845.. Jan. 4, 1896.
.

Nov. June

2. 1889.

.

S 24 10 5 38 5 9 5
12

.

.

March
Nov.

4, 1791..
.

'Tune 26. 1788.
11, 1589.

Washington West Virginia
Wisconsin

Tune 19, 1363.

.

May

29, 1848.

.

Wyocning

July 10, 1890..

265,896 84.590 9.564 42.627 69.127 24,170 56,C66 97.914

20
4

4
12 7

•Thirteen Original States.

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
1

No. I

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
1

No. II

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE

No. Ill

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No.

IV

DEFINITIONS
HORIZONTAL
1.

4.

The Gopher State (ab.) The Stub Toe State (ab.)

17. Province in Union of S Africa 19. Sinned

24. GreenMountainStateCab.) 26. City in Peru 29. Southeastern State (ab.)

37. Capita! of Bolivia

39. Each (ab.) 40. Prefix

8. Unaspirated

meaning

half

10. Fervor

21. Previous

month

(ab.)

32. Artificial

waterway

42. City in Russia 44. Free from danger
45. City in

12.

And

(Latin)

22. Protract 23. U. S. insular possession
(ab.)

34. Edible seaweed

13. City in Northern Peru
16. Central State (ab.)

36. Prefix meaning out

Oklahoma

VERTICAL
1. River in

Colombia

8. River in Siberia 9. Smallest state (ab.)

2. Enclosed 3. Country in Asia 5. 6.

11.

A

city in Italy

Mountains of U. S. Group of Stales (ab.)

14. Height of land (ab.)
15. Golfing term

7. Domesticate

18. City in Italy

33. An edge-tool (pi.) The Golden State (ab.) 35. To sow 28. The Cotton State (ab.) 38. Keystone State (ab.) 29. Girl's name 41. Mother 30, One of Philippine Islands 43. A New England Stateobj 27.

20. Capital of Esthonia 25. Frosts a cake

31. Dinner

195

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No.

V

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
?
-5

No. VI

""""

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
15

No.
IT

VH

IS

DEFINITIONS

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
I

No.

VIH

i-

3

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
1

No.

IX

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE

No.

X

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE

No.

XI

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE

No.

XH

?==EH=='

CROSS -WORD PUZZLE

No. XIII

i^-'

CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
.

No.

XIV

^

5

21

^^UJtlOU^i aBOORAPUICAt«
PlAfR

GROSS -WORD
U

PUZ2 LBS

CROSS -troRD PUZZEE W*

CROSS -WORD -PUZZLE

No.

I

SOLUTIONS

GEOGRAPHICAL
CROSS WORD PUZZLE

CROSS-WORD
No.

PUZZLES

IX

;

;

To

Prevent Disease and Prolong Life
Conference of State and Provincial Health Authorities of North America American Public Health Association National Committee for the Prevention of Blindness American Child Health Association National Organization for Public Health Nursing American Association of Industrial Physicians and Surgeons American Heart Association
Rules for
Public

These 20 Authoritative Books Have Been Prepared by The National Health G>uncil, Which Is Composed of These Organizations:
American Red Cross United States Public Health Service American Society for the Control of Cancer United States Children's Bureau American Social Hygiene Association Women's Foundation for Health National Tuberculosis Association National Committee for Mental
Hygiene

Right Living. By Allan M.D. Surgeon, United Health Service.
;

PEBSONAIi HYGIENE: The
J.

McLaughlin,

States

COMMUXITY HEALTH: How to Obtain and Preserve It. Bv Donald B. Armstrong, M.D., Sc.D.; National Health
Council.

municable Diseases Are Controlled. By Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, Professor of Public Health, Yale School of
Medicine.

MAN AND THE MICROBE: How

Com-

THE BABY'S HEALTH: By
A. Bolt, M.D., Gr. P. H. Hopkins University.
;

Richard

Lecturer, Johns

Nature, Diagnosis, and Francis Carter Wood. M.D. Director, Institute for Cancer Research, Columbia University, New York.

CANCEB: Cure. By

Body Functions.
Ph.D.,

THE HUMAN MACHINE: How
By William H.
Sc.D.:

yonr

Relations. By Ph.D., Litt.D. Association.
Is

LOVE AND >L\BBIAGE:
;

Normal Sex

Thomas Walton Galloway,
American Social Hygiene
It

M.D..

LL.D.,

Howell. School of

Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University.

and Who Can Help Secure It. By James A. Tobey, former Administrative
Secretary,

THE QUEST FOB HEALTH: Where
National

Health

Council.

K. Shaw, M.D. Clinical Professor, Diseases of Children, Albany Medical College, New York.
L.
;

Henry

THE YOUNG CHILD'S HEALTH: By

By

TAKING CARE OF YOUR HEART.

T. Stuart Hart, M.D., President, Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease.

Eat. By Lucy H. Gillett, A.M., Superintendent of Nutrition Bureau. Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, New York.
to

FOOD FOR HEALTH'S SAKE: What

ADOLESCENCE: Educational and HyBy Maurice A. Bigelow, Ph.D. Professor of Biology and Director, School of Practical Arts, Columbia Unigienic Problems.
;

THE CHILD IN SCHOOL: By Thomas
D. Wood, Education,
University.

versity.

M.D. Professor of Physical Teachers College, Columbia
;

Safeguard It. By Lee K. Frankel, Ph.D. National Health Council.

HEALTH OF THE WOBKEE: How
Meanes,
M.D..

to

TUBEBCULOSIS: Nature, Treatment and Prevention. By Linsly R. Williams, National Tuberculosis Association. M.D.
;

EXERCISES FOR HEALTH. By Lenna
L.

Medical

Director,

THE EXPECTANT MOTHER:
Her Health.

By Robert
in

Care of

L.

M.D., Instructor Medical School.

Obstetrics,

DeNormandie, Harvard

Women's Foundation for Health. VENEREAL DISEASES: Their MediNursing, and Community Aspects. cal, By William Freeman Snow, M.D., American Social Hygiene Association.
Health. By George K. Pratt, M.D., Medical Director, Massachusetts Society for Mental Hygiene, Boston.

Mother Does the Nursing. By Clara D. Noyes. R.N., Director, Nursing Service, American National Red Cross.
20 Volumes, l&mo.
Flexible Fabrikoid.
net, or iS cents, post-paid.

HOME CARE OF THE

SICK: When

YOUR

MIND

AND

YOU:

Mental

Average 18,000 words each.

Price 30 cents per copy,

Five or more volumes, 30 cents each, post-paid.
Stores,

At

Booksellers,

Drug

and Department Stores, or by

mail.

FUNK a WAGNALLS COMPANY,

354 Fourth

Ave.,

New York